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1.
Ann Ital Chir ; 92: 406-411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative awareness is a serious adverse event under general anesthesia. Midazolam has a good anterograde amnesia-inducing effect, can prevent and reduce the occurrence of intraoperative awareness. However, if the dosage of midazolam is improperly controlled, it may not produce forgetting effect, or bring obvious adverse side effects, such as respiratory depression, and delay of recovery. However, the half maximal effective dose (ED50 ) of midazolam for amnesia, the duration of amnesia and the factors affecting the duration of amnesia are still inconclusive. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to observe and determine the dose, duration and influencing factors of amnesia induced by midazolam METHODS: A total of 106 patients who underwent ASA grades I-II elective operation under spinal-epidural anesthesia were intravenously injected with different doses of midazolam at 10 minutes after spinal-epidural anesthesia, every 5 minutes, the patient was presented with pictures or sounds as memory content, and heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), blood oxygen saturation (SpO2), bispectral index (BIS), OAA/S and adverse events were recorded. The patient's forgetfulness was followed up in the early morning after operation. RESULTS: ED50 (the dose for amnesia in half of the subjects) was 0.031 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.027-0.036 mg/kg); ED95 (the dose for amnesia in 95% of the subjects) was 0.044 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.038-0.071 mg/kg). After the patients were injected intravenously with 0.04 mg/kg of midazolam, the respiratory and circulatory systems were basically stable, no serious adverse events occurred, and the forgetting rate was 88.5%. ET50 (the time for half of the subjects in a state of forgetfulness) was 23.77 minutes (95% CI: 20.18-27.07 min), and the corresponding BIS was 83.22; ET05 (the time for 5% of the subjects in a state of forgetfulness) was 53.90 minutes (95% CI: 48.54-61.47 min) and the corresponding BIS was 91.38. The amnesia-inducing effect of midazolam was correlated to sedation grade, BIS and age, and was not correlated to visual memory or auditory memory. CONCLUSION: In this study, the ED50 , ED95 and maintenance time of the forgetting effect of intravenous midazolam were preliminarily determined. KEY WORDS: Amnesia, Duration of amnesia, ED50, Midazolam.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Midazolam , Amnésia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Midazolam/efeitos adversos
2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 938-943, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of depression and suicidal ideation with parenting style in adolescents. METHODS: The cluster sampling method was used to select 6 195 junior and senior high school students in Xinxiang City of Henan Province, China, from 2014 to 2018. The survey tools included a general social information questionnaire, the Parental Bonding Instrument, and the Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (11 items). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the association of depression and suicidal ideation with parenting style in adolescents. RESULTS: There were 6 194 valid questionnaires in total, including 2 586 boys (41.75%) and 3 608 girls (58.25%), with a mean age of (16.4±1.9) years (range: 11-20 years). Among these 6 194 students, 1 333 (21.52%) had depression, and 508 (8.20%) had suicidal ideation. Depression in adolescents was positively correlated with maternal control (OR=1.059, P<0.001) and paternal control (OR=1.061, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with maternal care (OR=0.937, P<0.001) and paternal care (OR=0.917, P<0.001). Suicide ideation in adolescents was positively correlated with maternal control (OR=1.110, P<0.001) and paternal control (OR=1.076, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with maternal care (OR=0.895, P<0.001) and paternal care (OR=0.914, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Parental care may decrease the risk of depression and suicide ideation, while parental control may increase the risk of depression and suicide ideation in adolescents. Citation.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4300-4306, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467745

RESUMO

Currently available drugs for complex diseases have such limitations as unsatisfactory efficacy, drug resistance, and toxic side effects. Complexity of biological systems is a determinant of drug efficacy. It is not an effective approach to find disturbance strategies for the complicated biological network for complex diseases based on the static topological structures, as biological systems undergo dynamic changes all the time. Supported by profound theoretical basis and rich clinical experience, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) emphasizes systematic and dynamic treatment depending on changes. Guided by TCM theory in practical treatment, Chinese medicine dynamically and comprehensively regulates the overall state. Therefore, if the dynamic factors are taken into consideration in design, the resultant drugs will be more effective. This study proposes state-regulating(SR) medicine from the perspective of system dynamics, elaborating the concept in terms of the connotations and principle and verifying the feasibility of SR medicine design with the attractor method. Thus, SR medicine is a new concept for drug discovery and design from the aspect of system dynamics, which integrates the TCM focusing on holistic dynamic regulation with biomedicine that features local microscopic research such as molecular mechanisms. The attractor method is a feasible techinical way for SR medicine design.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Descoberta de Drogas , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488194

RESUMO

The van der Waals ferromagnetic material VI3is a magnetic Mott insulator. In this work, we investigate the effects of isotropic and anisotropic pressure on the atomic structure and the electronic structure of VI3using the first-principles method. The in-plane strain induces structural distortion and breaks the three-fold rotational symmetry of the lattice. Both the in-plane and out-of-plane strain widen the conduction and the valence bands, reduce the energy band gap and drive VI3from a semiconductor to a three-dimensional metal. The structural distortion is not the cause of insulator-to-metal transition. Calculations of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy indicate an easy-axis to easy-plane transition when the pressure is higher than 2 GPa. The ferromagnetic Curie temperature falls from 63 K at 0 GPa to 25 K at 6 GPa.

5.
Mol Biol Evol ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469576

RESUMO

Drosophila melanogaster is a leading model in population genetics and genomics, and a growing number of whole-genome datasets from natural populations of this species have been published over the last years. A major challenge is the integration of disparate datasets, often generated using different sequencing technologies and bioinformatic pipelines, which hampers our ability to address questions about the evolution of this species. Here we address these issues by developing a bioinformatics pipeline that maps pooled sequencing (Pool-Seq) reads from D. melanogaster to a hologenome consisting of fly and symbiont genomes and estimates allele frequencies using either a heuristic (PoolSNP) or a probabilistic variant caller (SNAPE-pooled). We use this pipeline to generate the largest data repository of genomic data available for D. melanogaster to date, encompassing 271 previously published and unpublished population samples from over 100 locations in > 20 countries on four continents. Several of these locations have been sampled at different seasons across multiple years. This dataset, which we call Drosophila Evolution over Space and Time (DEST), is coupled with sampling and environmental meta-data. A web-based genome browser and web portal provide easy access to the SNP dataset. We further provide guidelines on how to use Pool-Seq data for model-based demographic inference. Our aim is to provide this scalable platform as a community resource which can be easily extended via future efforts for an even more extensive cosmopolitan dataset. Our resource will enable population geneticists to analyze spatio-temporal genetic patterns and evolutionary dynamics of D. melanogaster populations in unprecedented detail.

6.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13011, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472156

RESUMO

AIM: This study was conducted to identify and compare the levels of compassion fatigue and job satisfaction among haemodialysis nurses in public and private hospitals in China and explore explanatory factors based on sociodemographic and occupational characteristics. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted using a self-designed demographic questionnaire, the Professional Quality of Life Scale and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, with responses from 283 haemodialysis nurses working at six public and private hospitals in China between June and November 2018. RESULTS: The compassion fatigue score of public hospital nurses was significantly higher than that of private hospital nurses. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in compassion fatigue among nurses based on the number of years worked, nature of employment, and education level. Correlational analysis showed a negative correlation between overall job satisfaction and compassion fatigue in both public and private hospitals. Multiple regression analysis showed that compassion fatigue among haemodialysis nurses in public hospitals was associated with years worked, type of employment, and intrinsic and extrinsic satisfaction, whereas in private hospitals, education level, years worked, and intrinsic and extrinsic satisfaction were significant. CONCLUSION: Haemodialysis nurses in public hospitals are more likely to develop compassion fatigue than those in private hospitals.

7.
Br J Radiol ; : 20210682, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between elastic heterogeneity (EH) and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in breast cancers and assess the clinical value of using EH to predict LVI pre-operatively. METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 376 patients with breast cancers that had undergone shear wave elastography (SWE) with virtual touch tissue imaging quantification between June 2017 and June 2018. The EH was determined as the difference between the averaged three highest and three lowest shear wave value. Clinicalpathological parameters including histological type and grades, LVI, axillary lymph node status and molecular markers (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and Ki-67) were reviewed and recorded. Relationship EH and clinicalpathological parameters was investigated respectively. The diagnostic performance of EH in distinguishing LVI or not was analyzed. RESULTS: At multivariate regression analysis, only EH (p = 0.017) was positively correlated with LVI in all tumors. EH (p = 0.003) and Ki-67 (p = 0.025) were positively correlated with LVI in tumors ≤ 2 cm. None of clinicalpathological parameters were correlated with LVI in tumors > 2 cm (p > 0.05 for all). Using EH to predict LVI in tumors ≤ 2 cm, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 93 and 89% respectively. CONCLUSION: EH has the potential to be served as an imaging biomarker to predict LVI in breast cancer especially for tumors ≤ 2 cm. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: There was no association between LVI and other most commonly used elastic features such as SWVmean and SWVmax. Elastic heterogeneity is an independent predictor of LVI, so it can provide additional prognostic information for routine preoperative breast cancer assessment.For tumors ≤ 2cm, using EH value higher than 1.36 m/s to predict LVI involvement, the sensitivity and negative predictive value can reach to 93% and 89%, respectively, suggesting that breast cancer with negative EH value was more likely to be absent of LVI.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4387-4393, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Breast cancer incidence is highest among women worldwide, and practical markers for personalized therapeutic strategies are few. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine that is reported to be significantly lower in healthy controls than breast cancer cases, however, its genotypic contribution to carcinogenesis has never been revealed in breast cancer. We examined whether IL-12A rs568408 and rs2243115 genotypes contribute to elevated breast cancer risk and summarized related literature among other cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IL-12A genotypic profiles were determined among 1,232 breast cancer cases and 1,232 healthy controls via polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology. RESULTS: The variant genotypes of IL-12A rs568408 and rs2243115 were not found to be significantly associated with elevated breast cancer risk (both p>0.05). CONCLUSION: IL-12A rs568408 and rs2243115 genotypes may not serve as good predictors of breast cancer risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
9.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528698

RESUMO

Developmental glaucoma, a subset of glaucoma, is associated with trabeculodysgenesis and/or anterior segment dysgenesis. It is one of the major causes of childhood blindness. Understanding its genetic background is important to diagnose, and identify potential therapeutic targets, of this disease. The present study aimed to detect the molecular origin of developmental glaucoma in a Chinese pedigree and its association with glaucomatous phenotypes. A three­generation pedigree with developmental glaucoma was analyzed in the current study; a thorough ocular examination was performed on the proband and other individuals in the family. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of each individual, and possible disease­causing genes were screened for mutations using a candidate gene panel. Exons and adjacent regions of the target genes were captured and enriched by probe hybridization. The enriched genes were sequenced on an Illumina high­throughput sequencer. Variations were verified in other family members using Sanger sequencing. Disease causing mutations were analyzed by comparing the sequences and the structures of wild­type and mutated cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily B member 1 (CYP1B1) proteins using PyMOL software. The proband was diagnosed with developmental glaucoma and his parents and other relatives were asymptomatic. Novel compound heterozygous mutations, c.3G>A (p.M1I) and c.1310C>T (p.P437L), in CYP1B1 were detected in the proband, with the former inherited from his father and the latter from his mother. The c.3G>A (p.M1I) change is a novel mutation that disrupts the ATG start codon in exon one of CYP1B1 and therefore interferes with the translation start site. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that the aforementioned compound heterozygous mutations in CYP1B1 may have caused developmental glaucoma in this Chinese family. The c.3G>A mutation in CYP1B1 is a novel mutation, and this study expands the gene mutation spectrum of CYP1B1.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 42543-42553, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477358

RESUMO

As one of the most frequent autoimmune diseases, Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is characterized by overactive lymphocytic infiltration in the exocrine glands, with ensuing dry mouth and dry eyes. Unfortunately, so far, there are no appropriate therapies without causing overall immunosuppression. Tetrahedral framework nucleic acids (tFNAs) were regarded as promising nanoscale materials whose immunomodulatory capabilities have already been verified. Herein, we reveal, for the first time, that tFNAs were utilized to treat SS in female nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, the animal model used for SS. We proved a 250 nM tFNA treatment was successful in suppressing inflammation and stimulating saliva secretion in NOD mice. Specialised proteins for the secretory function and structure of acinar cells in submandibular glands (SMGs) were restored. It has been the permanent goal for SS treatment to establish immune tolerance and stop disease development. Surprisingly, tFNA treatment guided T cells toward regulatory T cells (Tregs), while suppressing T helper (Th) cell responses. Th cells include Th1, Th17, and follicular helper T (Tfh) cells. Tregs are highly significant in immune tolerance. Inducing Tregs is a promising approach to reestablish immune tolerance. Comparable results were also observed in B cell responses. Reductions in the percentage of germinal center (GC) B cells and plasma cells were detected, and a marked increase in the percentage of regulatory B cells (Bregs) was also noticed. The mechanisms of inducing Tregs may associated with cytokine changes. Changes of T cell subsets, especially changes of Tfh, may influence the differentiation of B cells accordingly. Collectively, our results demonstrated the immunomodulatory capacities of tFNAs once again, which may provide a novel, safe, and effective option for the treatment of SS and other autoimmune diseases.

11.
Lab Med ; 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the levels of serum pepsinogen (PG) in patients with gastric cancer (GC), patients with atrophic gastritis (AG), and healthy donors. Also, we explored the clinical value of PG detection for the diagnosis and treatment of GC. METHODS: The PG level in peripheral blood from patients and heathy donors was determined using an Abbott automatic chemiluminescence instrument. The study included 117 patients with GC confirmed by gastroscopy and histopathology, of whom 13 patients had cancer at stage I, 47 at stage II, 41 at stage III, and 16 at stage IV. The AG group included 122 patients, and the control group had 120 healthy donors. The relationship between serum PG levels and the occurrence and development of GC, as well as the evaluation of the clinical value of diagnostic tests based on serum PG detection, were investigated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. RESULTS: Pepsinogen I (PGI) levels gradually decreased from the control group, the AG group, and the GC group. PGI exhibited high diagnostic value for GC (area under the curve [AUC], 0.834; cutoff, 51.2 ng/mL, sensitivity, 81.7%; specificity, 68.4%), PGII (AUC, 0.587; cutoff value, 13.05 ng/mL; sensitivity, 65.8%; specificity, 53.8%), and PGR (AUC, 0.752; cutoff, 5.65; sensitivity, 54.2%; specificity, 87.2%). The occurrence of GC was negatively correlated with serum levels of PGI (B = -0.054; OR = 0.947; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.925-0.970; P <.001) and PGR (B = -0.420; OR = 0.657; 95% CI, 0.499-0.864; P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: The combined detection of PGI, PGII, and PGR has important clinical value for the screening, prevention, and diagnosis of GC and could allow for earlier detection, diagnosis, and treatment of GC.

12.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 281, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, the role and mechanism of lncRNA LINC01224 in CRC development are largely unknown. METHODS: LINC01224, Yin Yang 1 (YY1), microRNA (miR)-485-5p, and myosins of class VI (MYO6) levels were examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Functional analyses were processed through CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell, and xenograft analyses. Dual-luciferase reporter, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), RNA immunoprecipitation, and pull-down assays were conducted to analyze the binding interaction. RESULTS: LINC01224 abundance was elevated in CRC tissue samples and cell lines. Elevated LINC01224 might indicate the lower 5-year overall survival in 52 CRC patients. LINC01224 was upregulated via the transcription factor YY1. LINC01224 knockdown restrained CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and increased apoptosis. MiR-485-5p was sponged by LINC01224, and miR-485-5p downregulation relieved the influence of LINC01224 interference on CRC progression. MYO6 was targeted via miR-485-5p and regulated via LINC01224/miR-485-5p axis. MiR-485-5p overexpression suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and facilitated apoptosis. MYO6 upregulation mitigated the role of miR-485-5p. LINC01224 knockdown decreased xenograft tumor growth. CONCLUSION: YY1-induced LINC01224 regulates CRC development via modulating miR-485-5p/MYO6 axis.

13.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 208: 112099, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536675

RESUMO

Encapsulating enzyme within MOF (enzyme-MOF) gives rise to new opportunity to improve the fragility of enzyme, but practical application of enzyme-MOF composite is far from being realized. The development of a novel enzyme-MOF composite system should simultaneously guarantee the enhanced activity and controllably complete recycling, and only in this way can we efficiently and economically utilize the enzyme-MOF composite. Herein, we addressed all these fundamental limitations of current enzyme-MOF composite by establishing aptamer-functionalized enzyme-MOF composite (HRP-ZIF-8@P1). HRP-ZIF-8@P1 relied on automatic structure switch of aptamer-target binding and aptamer-cDNA (complementary DNA) hybridization, achieving effectiveness in self-enriching substrate around HRP-ZIF-8@P1 to boost enzymatic activity first, subsequently hybridizing spontaneously with magnetically controllable cDNA sequence (Fe3O4@P3) to completely recover the HRP-ZIF-8@P1, where preferentially capturing substrate could further induce the release of the hybridized HRP-ZIF-8@P1 for automatically starting the cyclic enzyme catalysis. A 5.6-fold enhancement in the catalytic efficiency for BPA degradation was endowed, and 94.7% catalytic activity was retained for 8 consecutive degradations of BPA, both of which were even more significant than HRP-ZIF-8. Additionally, remarkable stability of HRP-ZIF-8@P1 was afforded by dual-layer protection of ZIF-8 and P1 in denaturing conditions. Taking the possibility of discovering an aptamer for any target into account, the aptamer-functionalized enzyme-MOF composites provide a generic and simple guide for simultaneously boosting enzymatic activity and controllably full recycling the enzyme-MOF systems, accelerating their commercial utilizations.

14.
Respirology ; 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541740

RESUMO

Early life represents a critical period for the development and growth of the lungs. Adverse exposures in this stage may drive the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus, we quantitatively evaluated the impact of different early life exposures on COPD in adulthood. The PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library electronic databases were searched for articles published from January 2001 to October 2020. A total of 30 studies (795,935 participants) met the criteria and were included in the review. We found a significant association of COPD with childhood serious respiratory infections, pneumonia or bronchitis (pooled adjusted OR [aOR], 2.23 [95% CI, 1.63-3.07]). The probability of COPD was increased 3.45-fold for children with than without asthma (pooled aOR, 3.45 [95% CI, 2.37-5.02]). In addition, the probability of COPD was associated with maternal smoking (pooled aOR, 1.42 [95% CI, 1.17-1.72]), any child maltreatment (pooled aOR, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.18-1.42]) and low birth weight (pooled aOR, 1.58 [95% CI, 1.08-2.32]) but not childhood environmental tobacco smoke exposure (pooled aOR, 1.15 [0.83-1.61]) or premature birth (pooled aOR, 1.17 [95% CI, 0.87-1.58]). Furthermore, subgroup analyses revealed that probability was increased for only women with childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse and exposure to intimate partner violence. Factors resulting in COPD in adults could trace back to early life. Childhood respiratory disease, maltreatment, maternal smoking and low birth weight increase the risk of COPD. Promising advances in prevention strategies for early life exposures could markedly decrease the risk of COPD.

15.
Blood ; 138(9): 806-810, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473230

RESUMO

PD-L1 is a ligand for PD-1, and its expression has been shown to be upregulated in neutrophils harvested from septic patients. However, the effect of PD-L1 on neutrophil survival and sepsis-induced lung injury remains largely unknown. In this study, PD-L1 expression correlated negatively with rates of apoptosis in human neutrophils harvested from patients with sepsis. Coimmunoprecipitation assays on control neutrophils challenged with interferon-γ and LPS showed that PD-L1 complexes with the p85 subunit of phosphatidyl 3-kinase (PI3K) to activate AKT-dependent survival signaling. Conditional CRE/LoxP deletion of neutrophil PD-L1 in vivo further protected against lung injury and reduced neutrophil lung infiltration in a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) experimental sepsis animal model. Compared with wild-type animals, PD-L1-deficient animals presented lower levels of plasma tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and higher levels of IL-10 after CLP, and reduced 7-day mortality in CLP PD-L1-knockout animals. Taken together, our data suggest that increased PD-L1 expression on human neutrophils delays cellular apoptosis by triggering PI3K-dependent AKT phosphorylation to drive lung injury and increase mortality during clinical and experimental sepsis.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 190: 206-213, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492243

RESUMO

Easy deactivation of free enzymes under non-native condition has become a stumbling block to the industrial application of biocatalysis. Natural deep eutectic solvent (NADES) has been exploited as a novel reaction medium for improving enzyme stability. The present work focused on preserving and enhancing the activity of carbonic anhydrase (CA) in a more economical and biocompatible NADES system. We synthesized six choline chloride/betaine-based NADES and analyzed the effects of compositions and concentrations of NADES on their physicochemical properties. The Bet-Gly (1: 2) NADES (55%) was proved to be more suitable as reaction medium for CA by analyzing enzyme activity in the presence of NADES. The enhancement in the stability of CA was found to be as a result of a three-dimensional hydrogen bonding network, rather than the individual or the synergistic effect of betaine and glyceride. The conformational change of CA to become more compact was confirmed both by fluorescence spectrum analysis and circular dichroism analysis. It is worth mentioning that a remarkable thermal stability was maintained when CA was incubated at temperature below 60 °C, and about 96% of activity was still restored in 55% NADES at 60 °C for 12 h.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126128, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492922

RESUMO

This study demonstrated that As(III) was appreciably removed by ferrate in the presence of straw biochar. Removal efficiency of As in ferrate/biochar system was over 91%, increased by 34% compared with ferrate alone ([biochar]0 = 10 mg/L, [ferrate]0 = 6 mg/L, [As(III)]0 = 200 µg/L). In the reaction process, As(III) was oxidized to As(V) mainly by ferrate, while ferrate was reduced into ferric (hydr)oxides and coated on the biochar. Biochar was oxidized in the reaction and its surface area, pore volume and the amount of Lewis acid functional groups were substantially improved, which provided interaction sites for As adsorption. Analysis of hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential revealed that biochar interacted with the ferrate resulted ferric oxides and enlarged the Fe-C-As particle/floc, which promoted their settlement and thus the liquid-solid separation of As. As(V) was adsorbed on the surface of biochar and ferric (hydr)oxides through hydrogen bond, electrostatic attraction and As-(OFe) bond. Ferrate/biochar was not only effective for As removal, but removed 73.31% of As, 50.38% of Cd, and 75.27% of Tl when these hazardous species synchronously existed in polluted water (initial content: As, 100 µg/L; Cd, 50 µg/L; Tl, 1 µg/L). The combination of ferrate with biochar has potential for the remediation of hazardous species polluted water.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
Water Res ; 204: 117606, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500181

RESUMO

The epidemic of COVID-19 has aroused people's particular attention to biosafety. A growing number of disinfection products have been consumed during this period. However, the flaw of disinfection has not received enough attention, especially in water treatment processes. While cutting down the quantity of microorganisms, disinfection processes exert a considerable selection effect on bacteria and thus reshape the microbial community structure to a great extent, causing the problem of disinfection-residual-bacteria (DRB). These systematic and profound changes could lead to the shift in regrowth potential, bio fouling potential, as well as antibiotic resistance level and might cause a series of potential risks. In this review, we collected and summarized the data from the literature in recent 10 years about the microbial community structure shifting of natural water or wastewater in full-scale treatment plants caused by disinfection. Based on these data, typical DRB with the most reporting frequency after disinfection by chlorine-containing disinfectants, ozone disinfection, and ultraviolet disinfection were identified and summarized, which were the bacteria with a relative abundance of over 5% in the residual bacteria community and the bacteria with an increasing rate of relative abundance over 100% after disinfection. Furthermore, the phylogenic relationship and potential risks of these typical DRB were also analyzed. Twelve out of fifteen typical DRB genera contain pathogenic strains, and many were reported of great secretion ability. Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter possess multiple disinfection resistance and could be considered as model bacteria in future studies of disinfection. We also discussed the growth, secretion, and antibiotic resistance characteristics of DRB, as well as possible control strategies. The DRB phenomenon is not limited to water treatment but also exists in the air and solid disinfection processes, which need more attention and more profound research, especially in the period of COVID-19.

19.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 65: 102847, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509900

RESUMO

Community integration problems are fundamental to psychosis and are part of the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, but there is a lack of relevant researches and validated scales available for use in China. We intend to translate and assess the reliability and validity of the Community Integration Scale for Adults with Psychiatric Disorders (CIS-APP) scale. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 612 schizophrenic patients in China. The CIS-APP was used to collect data, and the raw data were randomly divided into two parts for an exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis, to evaluate construct validity. Content validity and reliability were tested by content validity index and Cronbach's α coefficients、split-half reliability respectively. A six-factor structure was emerged, and it explained 61.762% of the total variance. The fit of the six-factor model was acceptable, and the standardized factor loadings ranged from 0.412 to 0.903. The computed reliability of the scale was 0.915. The CIS-APP has excellent psychometric properties, and can be applied to measure community integration levels in people with schizophrenia.

20.
Anal Chem ; 93(37): 12723-12732, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514786

RESUMO

There is growing interest in using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) to characterize enzyme kinetics by measuring the heat produced or absorbed by catalysis in real time. Since virtually all chemical reactions are associated with changes in enthalpy, ITC represents a robust and nearly universal experimental approach. Nevertheless, there are technical challenges that limit ITC's applicability. For instance, the full kinetic characterization of enzymes with two substrates (bi-substrate enzymes), which comprise the majority of known examples, requires a series of experiments to be performed as the concentrations of both substrates are varied. This is a time-consuming and expensive process using current ITC methods since many (>5) individual experiments must be performed independently to obtain a sufficient quantity of data. We have developed a new ITC method, which we term 2D-ITC, which maps the reaction velocity as a function of two substrate concentrations in a single, roughly 2 h long experiment. This method provides a level of detail that rivals or exceeds any existing enzyme assay, as a single experiment generates on the order of 7000 catalytic rate measurements. In a proof-of-principle application to rabbit muscle pyruvate kinase (rMPK), the method correctly identified the enzyme's random sequential mechanism and allosteric catalytic suppression by the amino acid phenylalanine (Phe). Unexpectedly, we found that while Phe reduces affinity for the substrate phosphoenolpyruvate, a known phenomenon, it also alleviates inhibition by the reaction product ATP, which had not been reported previously. Given the relative abundance of ATP in the cell, this opposing effect is expected to have a substantial impact on rMPK activity.

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