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1.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692011

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We tried to show the effect of sinomenine (SIN) in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP) and the related underlying mechanism. METHODS: Network pharmacological analysis and bioinformatics analysis were carried out for identification of the active ingredients of Sinomenium acutum and the related genes. The DPNP rat model was constructed and primary rat spinal cord microglial cells were isolated for in vitro cell experiments. The therapeutic role of SIN in DPNP was determined in vivo and in vitro through analysis of microglial cell activation and inflammatory response. RESULTS: Therapeutic role of S. acutum in DPNP was mainly achieved by regulating 14 key genes, among which the target gene prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) of SIN might be the key gene. An in vivo experiment showed that SIN inactivated the inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha-X-box binding protein 1 pathway by downregulating PTGS2, which relieved pain symptoms in DPNP rats. It was confirmed in vivo that SIN inhibited the pathway through PTGS2 to alleviate the activation of spinal cord microglial cells and inflammatory response. CONCLUSION: SIN decreases the expression of PTGS2 to inactivate the inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha-X-box binding protein 1 signaling pathway, which inhibits microglial activation, as well as the release of inflammatory factors, thus alleviating DPNP.

2.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678161

RESUMO

An irrational diet has been widely considered as one of the vital risk factors of hypertension. Previous studies have indicated that immune dysfunction may be involved in the pathogenic process of hypertension, while fewer studies have mentioned whether CD4+ T cells are involved in the association between dietary pattern and hypertension. This present 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted to analyze the association among dietary pattern, CD4+ T cells and hypertension. A total of 56 patients with diagnosed hypertension and 56 subjects without diagnosed hypertension in the rural area of Beijing City, northern China, were matched by age and gender, and then classified into a case group and a control group, respectively. Compared with the control group, higher frequencies of pro-inflammatory CD4+ T cells, such as Th1, Th1(IFN-γ), Th17(IL-17A), and Th1/17 (IFN-γ/IL-17A), were found in the case group (p < 0.05). A significantly higher level of circulating IL-17A was also found in the case group (7.4 pg/mL vs. 8.2 pg/mL, p < 0.05). Five dietary patterns were identified using exploratory factor analysis. An irrational dietary pattern, characterized by high-factor loadings of refined wheat (0.65), meat (0.78), poultry (0.76), and alcoholic beverage (0.73), was positively associated with SBP (ß = 5.38, 95%CI = 0.73~10.03, p < 0.05) in the multiple linear regression model with the adjustment of potential covariates. The other dietary patterns showed no significant association with blood pressure. Furthermore, meat, processed meat, and animal viscera were positively correlated with the peripheral Th17 or Th1/17. In conclusion, the irrational dietary pattern characterized by refined wheat, meat, poultry, and alcoholic beverage, was positively correlated with blood pressure, and may increase the risk of hypertension in the rural area of Beijing, northern China. Th17, a subset of the CD4+ T helper cells, may be involved in the association between irrational dietary pattern and hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Interleucina-17 , Humanos , Pequim , Células Th17 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Células Th1
3.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660824

RESUMO

While linear ubiquitin plays critical roles in multiple cell signaling pathways, few substrates have been identified. Global profiling of linear ubiquitin substrates represents a significant challenge because of the low endogenous level of linear ubiquitination and the background interference arising from highly abundant ubiquitin linkages (e.g. K48- and K63-) and from the non-specific attachment of interfering proteins to the linear polyubiquitin chain. We developed a bio-orthogonal linear ubiquitin probe by site-specific encoding of a norbornene amino acid on ubiquitin (NAEK-Ub). This probe facilitates covalent labeling of linear ubiquitin substrates in live cells and enables selective enrichment and identification of linear ubiquitin-modified proteins. Given the fact that the frequent overexpression of the linear linkage-specific deubiquitinase OTULIN correlates with poor prognosis in glioblastoma, we demonstrated the feasibility of the NAEK-Ub strategy by identifying and validating substrates of linear ubiquitination in patient-derived glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSCs). We identified STAT3 as a bona fide substrate of linear ubiquitin, and showed that linear ubiquitination negatively regulates STAT3 activity by recruitment of the phosphatase TC-PTP to STAT3. Furthermore, we demonstrated that preferential expression of OTULIN in GSCs restricts linear ubiquitination on STAT3 and drives persistent STAT3 signaling, and thereby maintains the stemness and self-renewal of GSCs.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696251

RESUMO

Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH, EC 1.3.5.1, also known as complex II) has been recognized as one of the most promising targets of fungicides. Here, based on the binding mode of pydiflumetofen with SDH, the carbon-carbon double bond was introduced into the chemical of pydiflumetofen and then produced the target compounds 6a-6o. The enzymatic inhibitory activity and structure-activity relationship (SAR) study showed that the 2-position and 4-position in terminal benzene were positive to increasing activity. Furthermore, fungicidal activity results in greenhouses indicated that compound 6o showed good control effects against wheat powdery mildew (WPM), cucumber powdery mildew (CPM), and southern corn rust (SCR), showing its broad-spectrum property. Especially, compound 6o exhibited 95 and 75% control effects against CPM and SCR at 6.25 mg/L, respectively, which are better than pydiflumetofen (80% control effects against CPM and 15% against SCR), indicating its potency that is worthy of further development.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(1): e32534, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the acute manifestation of ischemic heart disease, remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Soon after ACS, autonomic imbalance acts to preserve the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system and consequently of the whole body. In this study, we perform a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of heart rate variability biofeedback in improving the prognosis in patients with ACS. METHODS: The protocol of this review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022379184). Meanwhile, it will be reported follow the guidelines of the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocol. We will search 3 foreign electronic databases (Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed) and 4 Chinese electronic databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WangFang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and Chinese Scientific Journal Database) to collect potential studies from their inceptions to December 2022. Risk of bias will be assessed according to the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. Data synthesis and statistical analysis will be performed using the RevMan 5.3 (The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, Denmark) software. RESULTS: The results of this systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide high quality evidence to assess the efficacy of heart rate variability biofeedback in patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160517, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464040

RESUMO

China suffers from severe PM2.5 pollution that has resulted in a huge health burden. Such PM2.5-related health burden has long been suspected to differ between China's poverty-stricken areas (PAs) and non-poverty-stricken areas (NPAs). Yet, evidence-based examination of this long-held belief, which is critical as a barrier of environmental injustice to advancing China's sustainability, is still missing. Here our study shows that the PM2.5 pollution is more serious in China's NPAs than PAs-with their annual averages being respectively 54.83 µg/m3 and 43.63 µg/m3-causing higher premature mortality in the NPAs. Compared to economic inequality, China's total PM2.5-related premature mortality was relatively evenly distributed during 2000-2015 across regions of varying levels of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita but increased slightly in 2015-2020 owing to the dramatic change in age structure. The elderly population increased by 31 %. PM2.5-related premature deaths were more severe for populations of low socioeconomic status, and such environmental health inequalities could be amplified by population aging. Additionally, population migration from China's PAs to developed cities contributed to 638, 779, 303, 954, and 896 premature deaths in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2020, respectively. Changes in the age structure (53 %) and PM2.5 concentration (28 %) had the greatest impact on premature deaths, followed by changes in population (12 %) and baseline mortality (8 %). The contribution rate of changes in the age structure and PM2.5 concentration was higher in PAs than in NPAs. Our findings provide insight into PM2.5-related premature death and environmental inequality, and may inform more equitable clean air policies to achieve China's sustainable development goals.

7.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(12): 1248-1252, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36567577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish early warning indicators for Chinese nurses to recognize in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) of adult inpatients. METHODS: Computer retrieval of Chinese and English databases such as CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP, National Medical Library of the United States PubMed Database, Web of Science, Embase Database of the Netherlands Medical Abstracts, Cochrane Library Database and other international guidelines collaboration network (GIN), National Institute for Health and Clinical Optimization (NICE), Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN), BMJ best clinical practice and other guidelines was performed. The retrieval time limit for respiratory and cardiac arrest early warning indicators or risk identification related content of the adult inpatient in the professional website was until June 30, 2020. After literature research and expert group analysis, the research group drew up an expert correspondence questionnaire, and selected 32 medical and nursing experts from Beijing, Tianjin, Jilin, Shandong, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang and other grade three first-class general hospitals from July to September 2022. The Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert correspondence, forming the final version of the early warning index of cardiac arrest in adult inpatients. RESULTS: Five first-level indicators, 23 second-level indicators and 41 third-level indicators including vital signs, consciousness and pupils, postoperative blood drainage volume, lab results and other five aspects were initially formed. The effective response rates of the two rounds of expert correspondence were 100% (32/32) and 93.75% (30/32), respectively, the Kendall coordination coefficients W of the first round and the second round were 0.340 and 0.462, respectively, the expert authority coefficients Cr were 0.88 and 0.89, respectively, the mean value of importance assignment was 3.94-5.00, 4.07-5.00, and the coefficient of variation was 0-0.16, 0-0.14, with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Finally, 5 primary indicators, 23 secondary indicators and 43 tertiary indicators were formed, including five aspects of vital signs, consciousness and pupils, postoperative blood drainage, lab results, symptoms and chief complaints. CONCLUSIONS: The expert consultation on the early warning indicators of IHCA for adult patients tends to be consistent and scientific, which is applicable to help nurses detect the changes of patients' condition as early as possible.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca , Pacientes Internados , Humanos , Adulto , Pequim , Bases de Dados Factuais , Hospitais
8.
Br J Cancer ; 2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decitabine (DAC) is used as the first-line therapy in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (HR-MDS) and elderly acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients unsuitable for intensive chemotherapy. However, the clinical outcomes of patients treated with DAC as a monotherapy are far from satisfactory. Adding all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) to DAC reportedly benefitted MDS and elderly AML patients. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear and need further explorations from laboratory experiments. METHODS: We used MDS and AML cell lines and primary cells to evaluate the combined effects of DAC and ATRA as well as the underlying mechanisms. We used the MOLM-13-luciferase murine xenograft model to verify the enhanced cytotoxic effect of the drug combination. RESULTS: The combination treatment reduced the viability of MDS/AML cells in vitro, delayed leukaemia progress, and extended survival in murine xenograft models compared to non- and mono-drug treated models. DAC application as a single agent induced Nrf2 activation and downstream antioxidative response, and restrained reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, thus leading to DAC resistance. The addition of ATRA blocked Nrf2 activation by activating the RARα-Nrf2 complex, leading to ROS accumulation and ROS-dependent cytotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that combining DAC and ATRA has potential for the clinical treatment of HR-MDS/AML and merits further exploration.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 932853, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505836

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether clinical and blood parameters can be used for predicting pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 226 patients with LARC [allocated in a 7:3 ratio to a training (n = 158) or validation (n = 68) cohort] who received nCRT before radical surgery. Backward stepwise logistic regression was performed to identify clinical and blood parameters associated with achieving pCR. Models based on clinical parameters (CP), blood parameters (BP), and clinical-blood parameters (CBP) were constructed for comparison with previously reported Tan's model. The performance of the four models was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, calibration, and decision curve analysis (DCA) in both cohorts. A dynamic nomogram was constructed for the presentation of the best model. Results: The CP and BP models based on multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that interval, Grade, CEA and fibrinogen-albumin ratio index (FARI), sodium-to-globulin ratio (SGR) were the independent clinical and blood predictors for achieving pCR, respectively. The area under the ROC curve of the CBP model achieved a score of 0.818 and 0.752 in both cohorts, better than CP (0.762 and 0.589), BP (0.695 and 0.718), Tan (0.738 and 0.552). CBP also showed better calibration and DCA than other models in both cohorts. Moreover, CBP revealed significant improvement compared with other models in training cohort (P < 0.05), and CBP showed significant improvement compared with CP and Tan's model in validation cohort (P < 0.05). Conclusion: We demonstrated that CBP predicting model have potential in predicting pCR to nCRT in patient with LARC.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554782

RESUMO

Land use function transition can change the eco-environment. To achieve an "Intensive and efficient production space, moderately livable living space, and beautiful ecological space", the ecological effects of land use function transition in the context of ecologically fragile areas and rapidly developing areas of socio-economic importance need to be studied. In this study, from the perspective of "production-living-ecological" spaces, we calculated the index of regional eco-environment quality, positive and negative effects of eco-environment impact, and the ecological contribution rate and analyzed the driving factors. We found the following: (1) The production space was greatly compressed, living space was expanded, and ecological space was significantly squeezed. Haikou underwent a rapid transformation from an agriculture-dependent city to an industrial city. Land supply for urban and rural living was guaranteed by the Chinese land management department. However, Haikou prioritized economic development over environmental protection. (2) The regional eco-environment quality index decreased from 2009 to 2018. The expansion of pasture-based ecological spaces is important for improving the quality of the eco-environment, and the reduction of forest ecological space strongly influences the deterioration of the eco-environment. (3) Resource base, historical level of utilization, suitability of land, the ecological value potentiality, and regional policies greatly affected land use function transition and its eco-environment. (4) Refining the planning of territorial space, comprehensively improving land and resources, and reforming the rural land system greatly influenced policy guidance and technical regulation for coordinating "production-living-ecological" spaces and improving the regional eco-environment. In this study, we tested the effect of regional policy regulation on land use function transition and provided a reference for coordinating "production-living-ecological" spaces.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Florestas , Cidades , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Ecossistema
12.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 1029533, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389078

RESUMO

Astrocytic Ca2+ transients are essential for astrocyte integration into neural circuits. These Ca2+ transients are primarily sequestered in subcellular domains, including primary branches, branchlets and leaflets, and endfeet. In previous studies, it suggests that aging causes functional defects in astrocytes. Until now, it was unclear whether and how aging affects astrocytic Ca2+ transients at subcellular domains. In this study, we combined a genetically encoded Ca2+ sensor (GCaMP6f) and in vivo two-photon Ca2+ imaging to determine changes in Ca2+ transients within astrocytic subcellular domains during brain aging. We showed that aging increased Ca2+ transients in astrocytic primary branches, higher-order branchlets, and terminal leaflets. However, Ca2+ transients decreased within astrocytic endfeet during brain aging, which could be caused by the decreased expressions of Aquaporin-4 (AQP4). In addition, aging-induced changes of Ca2+ transient types were heterogeneous within astrocytic subcellular domains. These results demonstrate that the astrocytic Ca2+ transients within subcellular domains are affected by aging differently. This finding contributes to a better understanding of the physiological role of astrocytes in aging-induced neural circuit degeneration.

13.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective is to explore the value of preoperative geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in evaluating long-term prognosis in elderly locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients who accepted neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) and to compare GNRI with established nutritional markers, including prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score. METHODS: Preoperative GNRI was retrospectively assessed in 172 LARC patients aged ≥ 60 years who underwent radical resection after NCRT at two centers. Optimal cutoff value of GNRI was determined by X-tile program. The association of GNRI with clinicopathological parameters and nutritional markers was analyzed. The survival ability of markers was evaluated using time-dependent receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: GNRI was highly correlated with nutritional markers. An optimal cutoff value for the GNRI was 96. In the time-dependent ROC curve, GNRI demonstrated a stable predictive ability for both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis showed that GNRI was the only nutritional marker that independently predicted DFS (HR 2.457, 95% CI 1.066-5.665, P = 0.035) and OS (HR 9.002, 95% CI 3.100-26.146, P < 0.001). As an additional benefit, GNRI was able to stratify survival in subgroups of ypTNM and tumor response. CONCLUSION: Preoperative GNRI is a promising predictor of long-term survival for elderly LARC patients undergoing NCRT, superior to the established nutritional markers.

14.
Schizophr Bull ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Disrupted control of brain state transitions may contribute to the diverse dysfunctions of cognition, emotion, and behavior that are fundamental to schizophrenia. Control theory provides the rationale for evaluating brain state transitions from a controllability perspective, which may help reveal the brain mechanism for clinical features such as cognitive control deficits associated with schizophrenia. We hypothesized that brain controllability would be altered in patients with schizophrenia, and that controllability of brain networks would be related to clinical symptomatology. STUDY DESIGN: Controllability measurements of functional brain networks, including average controllability and modal controllability, were calculated and compared between 125 first-episode never-treated patients with schizophrenia and 133 healthy controls (HCs). Associations between controllability metrics and clinical symptoms were evaluated using sparse canonical correlation analysis. STUDY RESULTS: Compared to HCs, patients showed significantly increased average controllability (PFDR = .023) and decreased modal controllability (PFDR = .023) in dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC). General psychopathology symptoms and positive symptoms were positively correlated with average controllability in regions of default mode network and negatively associated with average controllability in regions of sensorimotor, dorsal attention, and frontoparietal networks. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that altered controllability of functional activity in dACC may play a critical role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, consistent with the importance of this region in cognitive and brain state control operations. The demonstration of associations of functional controllability with psychosis symptoms suggests that the identified alterations in average controllability of brain function may contribute to the severity of acute psychotic illness in schizophrenia.

15.
Rehabil Psychol ; 67(4): 437-448, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355638

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct an initial evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative outcomes of the African American Alzheimer's Caregiver Training and Support Project 2 (ACTS2). Quantitative objectives focused on assessing changes in caregiver depression and health status, as well as the severity of caregiving and self-care problems from pre- to postintervention. Secondary quantitative analyses examined posttreatment changes in social support and caregiver burden. Qualitative objectives included examining caregivers' perceptions of the effectiveness of in-session training activities, quality of relationships among group participants and their facilitator, and appraisals of spiritual elements of the program. RESEARCH METHOD/DESIGN: Nine African American family caregivers of older adults with dementia completed the ACTS2 lay pastoral care facilitator-led, telephone cognitive-behavioral intervention. The 12-week training program included seven skills-building groups and five individual problem-solving sessions. RESULTS: Significant improvements were found on the majority of dependent measures, including caregiver depression, health status, problem severity, and social support. Qualitative analysis highlighted the value caregivers placed on relationships with coparticipants and group facilitators, the role of spirituality in the program, and the importance of goal setting for improving caregiver distress and self-care. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Convergence was found between quantitative and qualitative findings, particularly improvements in caregiver distress, health status, and social support. Overall, the findings of the pilot study were promising. Replication using a randomized controlled design with a larger sample size is needed to test the reliability of the findings. The benefits of tailoring intervention to caregivers' sociocultural preferences and spiritual values are also addressed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Cuidadores , Humanos , Idoso , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Brain Sci ; 12(11)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421897

RESUMO

According to the shallow structure hypothesis (SSH), adult L2 learners rely more on lexical-semantic and pragmatic information but less so on syntactic information in online language processing, ending up with shallower syntactic representation. To test the SSH, we conducted an eye-tracking experiment on L1-Korean L2-Chinese learners with native Chinese speakers as the baseline, investigating their processing of Chinese base-generated-topic sentences (BGT). The results show that both the intermediate and advanced Korean learners of Chinese are sensitive to and can make use of syntactic information, but only the advanced learners are sensitive to the semantic constraint when processing Chinese BGT sentences, providing evidence against the SSH.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(41): e30939, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The painful procedures experienced by neonates during hospitalization have short-term or long-term effects on neonates. While the limitations of previous interventions make it imperative to explore effective interventions that are readily available. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of massage for pain management in neonates. METHODS: This systematic review was registered in PROSPER. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and the Clinical Trials Registry were searched to December 2021. Two reviewers independently carried out study selection, data extraction, bias risk assessment. Continuous data were analyzed by mean differences (MD). Dichotomous data were reported using relative risk. If at least two studies reported identical results by the same pain assessment tool, a meta-analysis was conducted using random effect model and inverse variance. RESULTS: Total 11 included studies involving 755 neonates investigated the effects of massage on neonatal pain response compared to standard care. The meta-analysis showed that massage could effectively improve pain response in neonates compared to standard care no matter whether neonatal infant pain scale (NIPS) or premature infant pain profile (PIPP) was used as an assessment tool. Besides, massage was also effective for crying duration, blood oxygen saturation both during and after the procedure, but non-effective for the variation of respiratory rate after the procedure, and heart rate both during and after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Massage may have a positive effect on pain relief of neonate, and rigorous trials are needed in the future to determine the most effective massage method.


Assuntos
Dor Processual , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Massagem , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Processual/terapia , Punções
18.
Schizophrenia (Heidelb) ; 8(1): 90, 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309537

RESUMO

Studies of dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) and topology can provide novel insights into the neurophysiology of brain dysfunction in schizophrenia and its relation to core symptoms of psychosis. Limited investigations of these disturbances have been conducted with never-treated first-episode patients to avoid the confounds of treatment or chronic illness. Therefore, we recruited 95 acutely ill, first-episode, never-treated patients with schizophrenia and examined brain dFC patterns relative to healthy controls using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and a sliding-window approach. We compared the dynamic attributes at the group level and found patients spent more time in a hypoconnected state and correspondingly less time in a hyperconnected state. Patients demonstrated decreased dynamics of nodal efficiency and eigenvector centrality (EC) in the right medial prefrontal cortex, which was associated with psychosis severity reflected in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale ratings. We also observed increased dynamics of EC in temporal and sensorimotor regions. These findings were supported by validation analysis. To supplement the group comparison analyses, a support vector classifier was used to identify the dynamic attributes that best distinguished patients from controls at the individual level. Selected features for case-control classification were highly coincident with the properties having significant between-group differences. Our findings provide novel neuroimaging evidence about dynamic characteristics of brain physiology in acute schizophrenia. The clinically relevant atypical pattern of dynamic shifting between brain states in schizophrenia may represent a critical aspect of illness pathophysiology underpinning its defining cognitive, behavioral, and affective features.

19.
Microb Pathog ; 173(Pt A): 105809, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183956

RESUMO

Mastitis in dairy cows affects milk quality and thereby constrains the development of the dairy industry. A clear understanding of the pathogenesis of mastitis can help its treatment. Mastitis is caused by the invasion of pathogenic bacteria into the mammary gland through the mammary ducts. However, recent studies suggested that an endogenous entero-mammary pathway in dairy cattle might also be playing an important role in regulating mastitis. Also, probiotic intervention regulating host gut microbes has become an interesting tool to control mastitis. This review discusses the association of gastrointestinal microbes with mastitis and the mechanism of action of probiotics in dairy cows to provide new ideas for the management of mastitis in large-scale dairy farms.


Assuntos
Mastite Bovina , Probióticos , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Mastite Bovina/microbiologia , Indústria de Laticínios , Leite/microbiologia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Glândulas Mamárias Animais
20.
Front Psychol ; 13: 959397, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148127

RESUMO

The literature on irony processing mainly focused on contextual effect, leaving other factors (such as social factors) untouched. The current study investigated how social status information affected the online comprehension of irony. As irony might be more damaging when a speaker uses it to a superordinate than the other way around, it is assumed that greater processing efforts would be observed in the former case. Using an eye-movement sentence reading paradigm, we recruited 36 native Mandarin speakers and examined the role of social status information and literality (i.e., literal and irony) in their irony interpretation. Our results showed ironic statements were more effortful to process than literal ones, reporting an early and consistent effect on the target regions. The social status effect followed the literality effect, with more difficulty in processing ironic statements that targeted the superordinate than the subordinate; such an effect of social status was missing with literal statements. Besides, an individual's social skill appeared to affect the perception of status information in ironic statements, as the socially skillful readers needed more time than the socially unskillful to process irony targeting a subordinate in the second half of the experiment in the critical region. Our study suggests that irony processing might be further discussed in terms of the relative predictability of linguistic, social, and individual variabilities.

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