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1.
Food Chem ; 371: 131169, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563967

RESUMO

The potential of bile acids (BAs) to reduce aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) residues and toxicity in Litopenaeus vannamei was evaluated. Both juveniles and subadults were treated with 0, 0.05, 0.15 and 0.25 g/kg BAs for 60 days followed by 10-d AFB1 exposure (2000 µg/kg), and fifteen shrimp (five shrimp were pooled into one sample, n = 3) from each treatment were collected at five time points (30, 60, 63, 66 and 70 d). All parameters were determined using accepted and standard methods with acceptable accuracy (recovery) of 90-110%. Results demonstrated that BAs reduced the AFB1 residues in shrimp (limit of detection: 0.01 µg/L, relative standard deviation < 10% and recovery: 92.1-96.8%). BAs increased the detoxification of AFB1 and decreased the levels of oxidative stress products by increasing Phase II and antioxidant systems, avoiding AFB1-induced deterioration of shrimp meat and health risks to human. The confidence level was 95%.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Penaeidae , Aflatoxina B1/metabolismo , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Bioacumulação , Humanos , Penaeidae/metabolismo
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126917, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464865

RESUMO

The ubiquitous present antibiotics in aquatic environment is attracting increasing concern due to the dual problems of bioaccumulation toxicity and antibiotic resistance. In this study, a low-cost chitin-biocalcium (CC) composite was developed by a facile alkali activation process from shell waste for typical antibiotics ciprofloxacin (CIP) removal. Response surface methodology (RSM) was utilized to optimize synthesis methodology. The optimized CC products featured superior CIP removal capacity of 2432 mg/g at 25 °C (adsorption combined with flocculation), rapid adsorption kinetics, high removal efficiency (95.58%) and wide pH adaptability (under pH range 4.0-10.0). The functional groups in chitin and high content of biocalcium (Ca2+) endowed CC abundant active sites. The kinetic experimental data was fitted well by pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion model at different concentrations, revealing the removal was controlled by chemisorption and mass transport step. From the macroscopic aspect, flocs were produced with the increase of CIP concentration during the reaction, adsorption combined with flocculation were related to the CIP removal. From the microcosmic aspect, the superior removal performance was attributed to cation bridging, cation complexation among biocalcium-CIP and hydrogen bond between functional groups of chitin and CIP.

3.
Front Comput Neurosci ; 15: 697469, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733147

RESUMO

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are effective and mature in the field of classification, while Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) are energy-saving for their sparsity of data flow and event-driven working mechanism. Previous work demonstrated that CNNs can be converted into equivalent Spiking Convolutional Neural Networks (SCNNs) without obvious accuracy loss, including different functional layers such as Convolutional (Conv), Fully Connected (FC), Avg-pooling, Max-pooling, and Batch-Normalization (BN) layers. To reduce inference-latency, existing researches mainly concentrated on the normalization of weights to increase the firing rate of neurons. There are also some approaches during training phase or altering the network architecture. However, little attention has been paid on the end of inference phase. From this new perspective, this paper presents 4 stopping criterions as low-cost plug-ins to reduce the inference-latency of SCNNs. The proposed methods are validated using MATLAB and PyTorch platforms with Spiking-AlexNet for CIFAR-10 dataset and Spiking-LeNet-5 for MNIST dataset. Simulation results reveal that, compared to the state-of-the-art methods, the proposed method can shorten the average inference-latency of Spiking-AlexNet from 892 to 267 time steps (almost 3.34 times faster) with the accuracy decline from 87.95 to 87.72%. With our methods, 4 types of Spiking-LeNet-5 only need 24-70 time steps per image with the accuracy decline not more than 0.1%, while models without our methods require 52-138 time steps, almost 1.92 to 3.21 times slower than us.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822997

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the optimal fermentation technology of Chinese herbal medicine formula-Siwu Decoction and the effects of fermented Siwu Decoction (FSW) on the growth performance, immune response, intestinal microflora and anti microbial ability of Litopenaeus vannamei. Response to surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the fermentation process of Siwu Decoction. The optimal fermentation conditions were obtained as follows: inoculation amount of mixed strains was 4.5%, fermentation time was 36 h, and the ratio of material to liquid was 20%. A total of 1260 shrimps were selected and divided into seven groups, three in parallel in each group. The dietary level of each group was as follows: Control (No additions), USW1 (0.2% unfermented herbal medicine), USW2 (0.5% unfermented herbal medicine), USW3 (0.5% unfermented herbal medicine), FSW1 (0.2% fermented herbal medicine), FSW2 (0.5% fermented herbal medicine), FSW1 (0.8% fermented herbal medicine). The immune response and antioxidant defense ability of hemocytes and intestine were measured at 21 and 42 days of feeding and the intestinal flora and growth performance were measured at 42 days of feeding, after that, a 7-day challenge test against Vibrio harveyi was conducted. The results showed that fermented Siwu Decoction significantly improved the growth performance and body composition of Litopenaeus vannamei; significantly increased the total number of hemocytes, phagocytic activity, antibacterial activity and bacteriolytic activity of Litopenaeus vannamei, and improved the antioxidant activity of Litopenaeus vannamei; the addition of fermented Siwu Decoction significantly increased the gene expression level of hemocytes and intestinal tract of Litopenaeus vannamei, and improved the antioxidant activity of Litopenaeus vannamei. The abundance of Bacillus increased, while the abundance of Vibrio decreased. After Vibrio harveyi challenge, the cumulative mortality of FSW group was significantly lower than that of control group. Fermented Siwu Decoction may be a potential physiological enhancer in aquaculture, and can be widely used in aquaculture.

5.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt A): 131446, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715626

RESUMO

The changes in digestibility of TG-treated myofibrillar protein (MP), soybean protein isolate (SPI) and mixed proteins were evaluated by measuring liberation of primary amino groups, monitoring structural changes and investigating peptide fingerprints. TG treatment generally increased gastric digestion of treated proteins, possibly due to the structural changes occurred during TG treatment. In contrast, the initial intestinal digestion was suppressed by TG treatment. Compared with MP, the digestibility and peptide composition of SPI were affected by TG treatment to a larger degree, possibly due to the higher level of glutamine in SPI. Peptidomics analysis indicated that the changes in peptide composition of digests of TG-treated samples were related with the loss of Lys residues during TG treatment. Larger quantities of bioactive peptides KIEFEQFLPM, EVHEPEEKPRPK and TVKEDQVFPMNPPK were released after digestion of TG-treated MP. These results highlighted the complex and substantial influence of TG treatment on the digestibility of dietary proteins.

7.
Surg Oncol ; 39: 101666, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634575

RESUMO

Thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement in fine-needle aspiration (FNA-Tg) has proved to be an excellent tool to identify metastatic cervical lymph nodes (CLN) before or after surgery for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The diagnostic value of FNA-Tg for metastatic CLN in PTC patients is higher than that of ultrasound (US) and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), especially for small or cystic LN. The combination of FNAC and FNA-Tg can provide nearly 100% diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for CLN metastasis. However, the cutoff values of FNA-Tg for metastatic CLN have not been standardized, and the reported cutoff values of FNA-Tg range from 0.2 ng/ml to 77 ng/ml because of the differences in study samples, Tg measurement methods, Tg assays kits, etc. Serum anti-thyroglobulin antibody level, serum thyroglobulin level, the presence or absence of thyroid glands, and the characteristics of CLN may be factors affecting the accuracy of FNA-Tg. This review summarizes the recent research on the application of FNA-Tg in the diagnosis of metastatic LN in PTC and provides a reliable basis for the clinical diagnosis of cervical lymph node metastasis.

8.
Epilepsy Behav ; 124: 108309, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the long-term response and response patterns to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: Patients who had been newly diagnosed with epilepsy and had at least 3-year follow-up records were enrolled. Their long-term response and response patterns to AEDs were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups, a controlled group and an uncontrolled group, according to whether 3-year seizure freedom (3YSF) was achieved. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with a poor drug response. RESULTS: Of the 472 patients with epilepsy, 180 achieved immediate seizure control, 36 achieved early seizure control, 118 achieved late seizure control, and 138 did not achieve 3YSF. Patients who achieved 3YSF (334/472, 70.8%) were categorized into the controlled group. Among them, 53.9% (180/334) achieved 3YSF immediately, 10.8% (36/334) achieved 3YSF within 6 months, and 35.3% (118/334) achieved 3YSF after 6 months. Also in this group, 228 (228/472, 48.3%), 84 (84/472, 17.8%), 15 (15/472, 3.2%), and 7 (7/472, 1.5%) patients achieved 3YSF on the first, second, third, and fourth regimen, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that multiple seizure types (odds ratio [OR] = 3.903, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.098-7.264; P < 0.001] and polytherapy (OR = 5.093, 95% CI: 3.183-8.149; P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for a poor drug response. CONCLUSION: The 3YSF rate in this cohort was 70.8%. More than half of the patients achieved long-term remission immediately after treatment. The probability of attaining 3YSF decreased with the increase in number of drug regimens, especially in patients who experienced failure of two treatment regimens.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 747020, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557203

RESUMO

Background: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an inevitable and major challenge in renal transplantation. The current study aims to obtain deep insights into underlying mechanisms and seek prognostic genes as potential therapeutic targets for renal IRI (RIRI). Methods: After systematically screening the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, we collected gene expression profiles of over 1,000 specimens from 11 independent cohorts. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by comparing allograft kidney biopsies taken before and after reperfusion in the discovery cohort and further validated in another two independent transplant cohorts. Then, graft survival analysis and immune cell analysis of DEGs were performed in another independent renal transplant cohort with long-term follow-ups to further screen out prognostic genes. Cell type and time course analyses were performed for investigating the expression pattern of prognostic genes in more dimensions utilizing a mouse RIRI model. Finally, two novel genes firstly identified in RIRI were verified in the mouse model and comprehensively analyzed to investigate potential mechanisms. Results: Twenty DEGs upregulated in the process of RIRI throughout different donor types (living donors, cardiac and brain death donors) were successfully identified and validated. Among them, upregulation of 10 genes was associated with poor long-term allograft outcomes and exhibited strong correlations with prognostic immune cells, like macrophages. Furthermore, certain genes were found to be only differentially expressed in specific cell types and remained with high expression levels even months after RIRI in the mouse model, which processed the potential to serve as therapeutic targets. Importantly, two newly identified genes in RIRI, Btg2 and Rhob, were successfully confirmed in the mouse model and found to have strong connections with NF-κB signaling. Conclusions: We successfully identified and validated 10 IRI-associated prognostic genes in renal transplantation across different donor types, and two novel genes with crucial roles in RIRI were recognized for the first time. Our findings offered promising potential therapeutic targets for RIRI in renal transplantation.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21547-21570, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495872

RESUMO

The senescence of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the world. HSP90 is a predominant chaperone that regulates cellular homeostasis under divergent physio-pathological conditions including senescence. However, the role of HSP90 in senescent RPE cells still remains unclear. Here, we reported that HSP90 acts as a senomorphic target of senescent RPE cells in vitro. Using H2O2-induced senescent ARPE-19 cells and replicative senescent primary RPE cells from rhesus monkey, we found that HSP90 upregulates the expression of IKKα, and HIF1α in senescent ARPE-19 cells and subsequently controls the induction of distinct senescence-associated inflammatory factors. Senescent ARPE-19 cells are more resistant to the cytotoxic HSP90 inhibitor IPI504 (IC50 = 36.78 µM) when compared to normal ARPE-19 cells (IC50 = 6.16 µM). Administration of IPI504 at 0.5-5 µM can significantly inhibit the induction of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1 and VEGFA in senescent ARPE-19 and the senescence-mediated migration of retinal capillary endothelial cells in vitro. In addition, we found that inhibition of HSP90 by IPI504 reduces SA-ß-Gal's protein expression and enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. HSP90 interacts with and regulates SA-ß-Gal protein stabilization in senescent ARPE-19 cells. Taken together, these results suggest that HSP90 regulates the SASP and SA-ß-Gal activity in senescent RPE cells through associating with distinctive mechanism including NF-κB, HIF1α and lysosomal SA-ß-Gal. HSP90 inhibitors (e.g. IPI504) could be a promising senomorphic drug candidate for AMD intervention.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19005, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561500

RESUMO

Influenced by climate change and human activities, especially the completion and operation of cascade reservoirs in the middle and lower reaches of Jinsha River since 2012, new changes have taken place in the water and sediment characteristics of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) in recent years. In this paper, a one-dimensional unsteady water and sediment mathematical model of the main and tributary rivers of the TGR is established, and the main calculation parameters of the model are calibrated with the measured water and sediment data from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2017. In view of the different combinations of inflow water and sediment that may occur in the TGR under the condition of new water and sediment, the long-term changes of sediment erosion and deposition and the balance of reservoir deposition in the TGR are studied using the model. The results show that: (1) Under the new conditions of water and sediment, the amount of sediment in the TGR accounts for only 14.8% and 35.8% of that in 1956-1990 and 2003-2012, respectively; (2) The variation process of water level, discharge and sediment concentration of each station along the route calculated by the model is basically consistent with the measured results, and the calculated values of total deposition amount and deposition distribution are also basically consistent with the measured results. The verification results of the model are in accordance with the measured values; (3) Under the water-sediment conditions during 1961-1970 and 1991-2000, the model predicted the estimates of 320 and 430 years for the TGR to reach a sedimentation balance, respectively. Under the new water-sediment conditions, it takes 560 years at most and 450 years at least to reach the sedimentation balance for the TGR, and the corresponding condition is the typical year with less water-less sediment and more water-more sediment, respectively. The research results of this paper can provide a new reference for the long-term safe operation and operation optimization of the TGR.

12.
Bioresour Technol ; 342: 126028, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582986

RESUMO

N-doped biochar can effectively eliminate toxic Cr(VI). Here, N-doped hydrochar (NHC) was successfully synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of NH4Cl and bamboo, and employed to adsorb Cr(VI). The specific surface area, pore volume, and carbon and nitrogen contents of NHC all increase compared with the undoped hydrochar (HC). NH4Cl acts as a cheap nitrogen source to enhance the nitrogen content of hydrochar and as an acid catalyst to accelerate hydrochar carbonization. Adsorption experiments show NHC has higher adsorption capacity than HC for Cr(VI). XPS and FTIR imply the dominant mechanisms of adsorbing Cr(VI) onto two hydrochars are electrostatic attraction, reduction and complexation, but the contributions of surface functional groups in two hydrochars for elimination of Cr(VI) differ. The doped nitrogen in NHC is pivotal in adsorbing and reducing Cr(VI). Hence, NHC prepared from bamboo and NH4Cl by one-step HTC is a cheap and efficient adsorbent to eliminate aqueous Cr(VI).

13.
J Cancer ; 12(17): 5153-5163, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335932

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to develop a prognostic nomogram based on immunohistochemistry (IHC) biomarkers of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: A total of 294 patients were enrolled in the study. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model was performed to develop a combined IHC score (IHCs) classifier. Results: Five biomarkers, specifically c-Met, Vimentin, HIF-2α, VEGF-c, and Bcl-2 were extracted. Then, an IHCs classifier was developed, and patients were stratified into high- and low-IHCs groups. In the training cohort, the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 62.1% in low-IHCs group and 28.2% in high-IHCs group (P<0.001). The 5-year OS was 68.6% for the low-IHCs group and 28.4% for the high-IHCs group in the validation cohort (P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of the combination of the IHCs classifier and TNM stage was 0.746 (95% CI: 0.658-0.833) in the training cohort and 0.735 (95% CI: 0.651-0.818) in the validation cohort, respectively. Conclusions: The nomogram could effectively predict the prognosis for patients with OSCC and may be employed as a potential tool to guide the individual decision-making process.

14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 667111, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350112

RESUMO

Introduction: Pulmonary adenofibroma (PAF), characterized by biphasic differentiation composed of gland-like space lined by respiratory epithelium and stromal spindle cells, is a rare benign tumor of the lung. PAF was reported infrequently and inconsistently with diagnostic criteria and withstood higher risk of misdiagnosis as solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) due to their morphological resemblance. In this study, we report seven cases of PAF with gene sequencing results and summarize the data of previous literature. Materials and Methods: Seven cases of PAF with surgically resection samples were collected from Pathology department of West China Hospital, Sichuan University between 2009 to 2020. Immunohistochemical studies were performed in all cases and 3 cases underwent a 425-gene panel next-generation sequencing (NGS). Results: Five female and two male patients were included in this study, with an average age of 51 years. All the patients were asymptomatic, and the lesion was identified on routine chest radiography. The tumor size measured by computed tomography (CT) ranged from 0.5 to 2.7 cm. Gland-like structures were mostly positive for glandular epithelium markers. The spindle cells in stroma expressed Desmin, SMA, ER and PR in 3 of 7 cases. No well-recognized molecular abnormalities can be identified by NGS in the 3 cases. To date, all the patients are alive, with no evidence of recurrence and metastasis. Conclusion: PAF is a unique benign pulmonary tumor with low incidence. Biphasic morphology, IHC stains along with molecular detection is of great significance to make a clear diagnosis.

15.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 692530, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395526

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a malignant tumor with high heterogeneity and poor prognosis. Ferroptosis, a form of regulated cell-death-related iron, has been proven to trigger inflammation-associated immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment, which promotes tumor growth. Therefore, the clinical prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes in LUAD needs to be further explored. Method: In this study, we downloaded the mRNA expression profiles and corresponding clinical data of LUAD patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model was utilized to construct ferroptosis-related gene signature. Based on these, we established the nomograms for prognosis prediction and validated the model in the GSE72094 dataset. The cell type was identified using the CIBERSORT algorithm for estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts, which was then used to screen significant tumor immune-infiltrating cells associated with the LUAD prognosis prediction model. Subsequently, we applied co-expression analysis to reveal the relationship between ferroptosis-related genes and significant immune cells. Results: The univariate COX regression analysis showed that 20 genes were associated with the overall survival (OS) as prognostic differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (FDR <0.05). Patients were divided into two risk groups using a 13-gene signature, with the high-risk group having a significantly worse OS than their low-risk counterparts (p < 0.001). We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to confirm the predictive capacity of the signature. Besides, we identified seven pairs of ferroptosis-related genes and tumor-infiltrating immune cells associated with the prognosis of LUAD patients. Conclusion: In this study, we construct a ferroptosis-related gene signature that can be used for prognostic prediction in LUAD. In addition, we reveal a potential connection between ferroptosis and tumor-infiltrating immune cells.

16.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 3619-3641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447243

RESUMO

Icariin is a biologically active substance in Epimedii herba that is used for the treatment of neurologic disorders. However, a comprehensive analysis of the molecular mechanisms of icariin is lacking. In this review, we present a brief history of the use of icariin for medicinal purposes; describe the active chemical components of Epimedii herba; and examine the evidence from experimental studies that have uncovered molecular targets of icariin in different diseases. We also constructed a protein-protein interaction network and carried out Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes functional enrichment analyses to predict the therapeutic actions of icariin in nervous system diseases including Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, ischemic stroke, depressive disorder, multiple sclerosis, glioblastoma, and hereditary spastic paraplegias. The results of our analyses can guide future studies on the application of icariin to the treatment of neurologic disorders.

17.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 36(6): 2424-2429, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405456

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease pandemic is an unprecedented challenge globally. Medical personnel have been playing a leading role by fighting at the forefront against the pandemic and are the backbone of the fight against the epidemic. These frontline medical workers are under enormous psychological pressure and are prone to overwork and stress, as well as depression depletion, anxiety, insomnia, frustration, or self-blame in the face of patient deaths. Active psychological crisis interventions for medical staff fighting the pandemic are important protect and promote to maintain their occupational health. Based on China's experience, this paper describes the importance of organizational leadership, emergency psychological crisis interventions in pandemics, and psychological intervention measures for medical staff. It cites useful explorations from different regions and makes suggestions for establishing a sound psychological intervention mechanism.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ansiedade , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Emergências , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Psicossocial , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 5301-5315, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393482

RESUMO

Purpose: Mesoporous hydroxylapatite (MHAP) might be important for bone regeneration, and ursolic acid (UA) has anti-inflammatory effects. Accordingly, we developed, for the first time, ursolic acid-loaded MHAP-chitosan (MHAP-CS-UA) scaffolds to treat bone defects. Methods: In vitro, we synthesize biomaterial scaffolds. By SEM, XRD, EDS and FTIR, we test the performance of the hybrid scaffolds. By drug release, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, alizarin red staining, and Western blotting, we test the anti-inflammatory and osteo-inductive properties of scaffolds. In vivo, we verify osseointegration ability and bone regeneration. Results: The MHAP is a rod-shaped structure with a length of 100~300nm and a diameter of 40~60nm. The critical structure gives the micro-scaffold a property of control release due to the pore sizes of 1.6~4.3 nm in hydroxyapatite and the hydrogen bonding between the scaffolds and UA drugs. The released UA drugs could notably inhibit the polarization of macrophages to pro-inflammatory macrophages (M1 type) and promote the expression of osteogenic-related genes (COL1, ALP and OPG) and osteogenic-related proteins (BMP-2, RUNX2 and COL1). Conclusion: The MHAP-CS-UA scaffolds have good anti-inflammatory, osseointegration, osteo-inductivity and bone regeneration. And they will be the novel and promising candidates to cure the bone disease.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Durapatita , Regeneração Óssea , Macrófagos , Osteogênese , Tecidos Suporte , Triterpenos
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200669

RESUMO

The omnidirectional camera, having the advantage of broadening the field of view, realizes 360° imaging in the horizontal direction. Due to light reflection from the mirror surface, the collinearity relation is altered and the imaged scene has severe nonlinear distortions. This makes it more difficult to estimate the pose of the omnidirectional camera. To solve this problem, we derive the mapping from omnidirectional camera to traditional camera and propose an omnidirectional camera linear imaging model. Based on the linear imaging model, we improve the EPnP algorithm to calculate the omnidirectional camera pose. To validate the proposed solution, we conducted simulations and physical experiments. Results show that the algorithm has a good performance in resisting noise.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Lineares
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299992

RESUMO

Distance running is a popular youth sport. This systematic review identified and examined the effects of youth distance running and lower extremity musculoskeletal injury. Scientific databases were searched from database inception to May 2020. Two hundred and fifty-eight full texts were screened, with nine articles retained for data extraction. Seven of the studies were case reports or case series. Two case reports involved an apophyseal hip fracture. No correlation was found between running mileage or gender and sustaining an injury. Middle school runners reported fewer injuries than high school runners. Cross country accounted for less than 10% of injuries in youth under 15 compared to other track activities. The main finding was a paucity of research. Available literature suggests youth can participate in distance running with minimal adverse effects. One exception may be increased vulnerability to growth plate injury. Additional research is needed, especially in those under 10, as literature in this population is nonexistent.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Perna , Corrida , Adolescente , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Instituições Acadêmicas
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