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1.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(37): 5688-5694, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475276

RESUMO

Combination therapy with multiple chemotherapeutic agents is the main approach for cancer treatment in the clinic. Polyphenol-based materials are found in our diet, demonstrate good biocompatibility, and prevent numerous diseases. In this study, we encapsulate two drugs in a single polyphenol-based polymer with Fe3+ or Mn2+ ions as the cross-linker for cancer therapy. The combination index of two drugs is an essential parameter to evaluate drug combinations. The amphiphilic polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-block-polydopamine (PEG-PDA) was prepared by RAFT polymerization. The nanoparticles were prepared via self-assembly with Fe3+ or Mn2+ ions. Both doxorubicin (DOX) and simvastatin (SV) were encapsulated in the core of the nanoparticles. The cell viability and combination index were evaluated in vitro. The tumor accumulation of the nanoparticles was investigated by positron-emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The as-prepared nanoparticles exhibited high drug loading capacity. The drug loaded nanoparticles could kill cancer cells effectively with a combination index <1. Both PET and MRI revealed that the nanoparticles showed long blood circulation time and high tumor accumulation. The nanoparticles could inhibit tumor inhibition via intravenous injection of nanoparticles. The polyphenol-based nanoplatform may serve as a promising theranostic candidate for clinical application.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(41): 14758-14763, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429173

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be used not only as a therapeutic agent for chemodynamic therapy (CDT), but also as a stimulus to activate release of antitumor drugs, achieving enhanced efficacy through the combination of CDT and chemotherapy. Here we report a pH/ROS dual-responsive nanomedicine consisting of ß-lapachone (Lap), a pH-responsive polymer, and a ROS-responsive polyprodrug. In the intracellular acidic environment, the nanomedicine can realize pH-triggered disassembly. The released Lap can efficiently generate hydrogen peroxide, which will be further converted into highly toxic hydroxyl radicals via the Fenton reaction. Subsequently, through ROS-induced cleavage of thioketal linker, doxorubicin is released from the polyprodrug. In vivo results indicate that the cascade of ROS generation and antitumor-drug release can effectively inhibit tumor growth. This design of nanomedicine with cascade reactions offers a promising strategy to enhance antitumor efficacy.

3.
ACS Nano ; 13(8): 8903-8916, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374171

RESUMO

A major concern about glucose oxidase (GOx)-mediated cancer starvation therapy is its ability to induce serious oxidative damage to normal tissues through the massive production of H2O2 byproducts in the oxygen-involved glucose decomposition reaction, which may be addressed by using a H2O2 scavenger, known as an antioxidation agent. Surprisingly, H2O2 removal accelerates the aerobic glycometabolism of tumors by activating the H2O2-dependent "redox signaling" pathway of cancer cells. Simultaneous oxygen depletion further aggravates tumor hypoxia to increase the toxicity of a bioreductive prodrug, such as tirapazamine (TPZ), thereby improving the effectiveness of cancer starvation therapy and bioreductive chemotherapy. Herein, a "nitrogen-protected silica template" method is proposed to design a nanoantioxidant called an organosilica-based hollow mesoporous bilirubin nanoparticle (HMBRN), which can act as an excellent nanocarrier to codeliver GOx and TPZ. In addition to efficient removal of H2O2 for self-protection of normal tissues via antioxidation, GOx/TPZ-coloaded HMBRN can also rapidly deplete intratumoral glucose/oxygen to promote a synergistic starvation-enhanced bioreductive chemotherapeutic effect for the substantial suppression of solid tumor growth. Distinct from the simple combination of two treatments, this study introduces antioxidation-activated self-protection nanotechnology for the significant improvement of tumor-specific deoxygenation-driven synergistic treatment efficacy without additional external energy input, thus realizing the renaissance of precise endogenous cancer therapy with negligible side effects.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(19): 115041, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402203

RESUMO

The efficient radiosynthesis of biomolecules utilizing minute quantities of maleimide substrate is important for availability of novel peptide molecular imaging agents. We evaluated both 3-18F-fluoropropane-1-thiol and 2-(2-(2-(2-18F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethane-1-thiol (18F-fluoro-PEG4 thiol) as prosthetic groups for radiolabeling under physiological conditions. The precursor employed a benzoate for protection of the thiol and an arylsulfonate leaving group. The radiofluorination was fully automated on an Eckert & Ziegler synthesis system using standard Kryptofix222/K2CO3 conditions. In order to minimize the amount of biological molecule required for subsequent conjugation, the intermediates, S-(3-18F-fluoropropyl) benzothioate and 18F-fluoro-PEG4 benzothioate, were purified by HPLC. The intermediates were isolated from the HPLC in yields of 37-47% and 28-35%, respectively, and retrieved from eluate using solid phase extraction. Treatment of the benzothioates with sodium methoxide followed by acetic acid provided the free thiols. The desired maleimide substrate in acetonitrile or phosphate buffer was then added and incubated at room temperature for 15 min. The final radiolabeled bioconjugate was purified on a separate HPLC or NAP-5 column. Maleimides utilized for the coupling reaction included phenyl maleimide, an Evans Blue maleimide derivative, a dimeric RGDfK maleimide (E[c(RGDfK)]2), two aptamer maleimides, and PSMA maleimide derivative. Isolated radiochemical yields (non-decay corrected) of maleimide addition products based on starting 18F-fluoride ranged from 6 to 22% in a synthesis time of about 90 min. 18F-thiol prosthetic groups were further tested in vivo by conjugation to E[c(RGDfK)]2 maleimide in a U87MG xenograft model. PET studies demonstrated similar tumor accumulation of both prosthetic groups. 18F-fluoro-PEG4-S-E[c(RGDfK)]2 displayed a somewhat favorable pharmacokinetics compared to 18F-fluoropropyl-S-E[c(RGDfK)]2. Bone uptake was low for both indicating in vivo stability.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(37): 14687-14698, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466436

RESUMO

Phototheranostics refers to advanced photonics-mediated theranostic methods for cancer and includes imaging-guided photothermal/chemotherapy, photothermal/photodynamic therapy, and photodynamic/chemotherapy, which are expected to provide a paradigm of modern precision medicine. In this regard, various phototheranostic drug delivery systems with excellent photonic performance, controlled drug delivery/release, and precise photoimaging guidance have been developed. In this study, we reported a special "in situ framework growth" method to synthesize novel phototheranostic hollow mesoporous nanoparticles by ingenious hybridization of perylene diimide (PDI) within the framework of small-sized hollow mesoporous organosilica (HMO). The marriage of PDI and HMO endowed the phototheranostic silica nanoparticles (HMPDINs) with largely amplified fluorescence and photoacoustic signals, which can be used for enhanced fluorescence and photoacoustic imaging. The organosilica shell can be chemically chelated with isotope 64Cu for positron emission tomography imaging. Moreover, in situ polymer growth was introduced in the hollow structure of the HMPDINs to produce thermosensitive polymer (TP) in the cavity of HMPDINs to increase the loading capacity and prevent unexpected leakage of the hydrophobic drug SN38. Furthermore, the framework-hybridized PDI generated heat under near-infrared laser irradiation to trigger the deformation of TP for controlled drug release in the tumor region. The fabricated hybrid nanomedicine with organic-inorganic characteristic not only increases the cancer theranostic efficacy but also offers an attractive solution for designing powerful theranostic platforms.

6.
Biomaterials ; 218: 119365, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344642

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoparticles have shown great potential as carrier platforms in theranostic applications. However, their poor physiological stability in phosphate-based media has limited their biological applications. Here, we studied the dissociation of MOF nanoparticles under physiological conditions, both in vitro and in vivo, and developed an in situ polymerization strategy on MOF nanoparticles for enhanced stability under physiological conditions and stimulus-responsive intracellular drug release. With polymer wrapped on the surface serving as a shield, the nanoscale MOFs were protected from decomposition by phosphate ions or acid and prevented the loaded cargos from leaking. An in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) study of 64Cu-labelled porphyrinic MOF indicated prolonged circulation time of the in situ polymerized MOF nanoparticles and greater tumor accumulation than unmodified MOF nanoparticles. With enhanced stability, cargos loaded into MOF nanoparticles or prodrugs conjugated on the surface can be efficiently delivered and released upon stimulus-responsive cleavage.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 27558-27567, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317730

RESUMO

Glutathione (GSH), one of the most significant reducing species in vivo, plays important roles in a variety of diseases and cellular functions. Precise quantification of GSH via advanced noninvasive photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is of vital significance for the early diagnosis and prompt treatment of GSH-related deep-seated diseases, which stresses the need for custom-design of GSH-sensitive PAI probes with changeable near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) absorption. In this work, a novel intelligent tumor microenvironment-activated ratiometric PAI nanoprobe is first developed with the intention of specific ultrasensitive detection of intratumoral GSH by overcoming the limitations of previously reported fluorescent or PA imaging sensors. This special ratiometric PAI nanoprobe (CR-POM) is synthesized through the self-assembly of croconaine (CR) dye and molybdenum-based polyoxometalate (POM) clusters with opposite NIR absorbance change in response to GSH. The resulting amplified ratiometric absorbance (Ab866/Ab700), the relatively low limit of detection value (0.51 mM), and the unique acidity-activated self-aggregation contribute to the prolonged intratumoral retention and enhanced tumor accumulation of CR-POM for accurate quantification of intratumoral GSH (0.5-10 mM). Featuring the additional merit of 64Cu radiolabeling for whole-body positron-emission tomography imaging, the smartly designed CR-POM nanoprobe will open new horizons for real-time noninvasive monitoring of biodistribution and simultaneous accurate quantification of GSH levels, especially in tumor and other GSH-related pathophysiological processes.

8.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(6): 1745-1753, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181890

RESUMO

As highly expressed in insulinomas, the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is believed to be an attractive target for diagnosis, localization, and treatment with radiolabeled exendin 4. However, the high and persistent radioactivity accumulation of exendin 4 in the kidneys limits accurate diagnosis and safe, as well as effective, radiotherapy in insulinomas. In this study, we intend to reduce the renal accumulation of radiolabeled exendin 4 through degradation mediated by brush border membrane enzymes. A new exendin 4 ligand NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 containing Met-Val-Lys (MVK) linker between the peptide and 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (NOTA) chelator was synthesized and labeled with 68Ga. The in vitro mouse serum stability and cell binding affinity of the tracer were evaluated. Initial in vitro cleavage of the linker was determined by incubation of a model compound Boc-MVK-Dde with brush border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) with and without the inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase (NEP). Further cleavage studies were performed with the full structure of NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4. Kidney and urine samples were collected in the in vivo metabolism study after intravenous injection of 68Ga-NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4. The microPET images were acquired in INS-1 tumor model at different time points; the radioactivity uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 in tumor and kidneys were determined and compared with the control radiotracer without MVK linker. 68Ga-NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 was stable in mouse serum. The MVK modification did not affect the affinity of NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 toward GLP-1R. The in vitro cleavage study and in vivo metabolism study confirmed that the MVK sequence can be recognized by BBM enzymes and cleaved at the amide bond between Met and Val, thus releasing the small fragment containing Met. MicroPET images showed that the tumor uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 was comparable to that of the control, while the kidney uptake was significantly reduced. As a result, more favorable tumor to kidney ratios were achieved. In this study, a novel exendin 4 analogue, NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4, was successfully synthesized and labeled with 68Ga. With the cleavable MVK sequence, this ligand could be cleaved by the enzymes on kidneys, and releasing the fragment of 68Ga-NOTA-Met-OH, which will rapidly excrete from urine. As the high and consistent renal radioactivity accumulation could be significantly reduced, NOTA-MVK-Cys40-Leu14-Exendin 4 shows great potential in the diagnosis and radiotherapy for insulinoma.

9.
Theranostics ; 9(10): 2791-2799, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244923

RESUMO

The design of hybrid metal-organic framework (MOF) nanomaterials by integrating inorganic nanoparticle into MOF (NP@MOF) has demonstrated outstanding potential for obtaining enhanced, collective, and extended novel physiochemical properties. However, the reverse structure of MOF-integrated inorganic nanoparticle (MOF@NP) with multifunction has rarely been reported. Methods: We developed a facile in-situ growth method to integrate MOF nanoparticle into inorganic nanomaterial and designed a fluorescence switch to trigger enhanced photodynamic therapy. The influence of "switch" on the photodynamic activity was studied in vitro. The in vivo mice with tumor model was applied to evaluate the "switch"-triggered enhanced photodynamic therapy efficacy. Results: A core-satellites structure with fluorescence off and on function was obtained when growing MnO2 on the surface of fluorescent zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) nanoparticles. Furthermore, A core-shell structure with photodynamic activity off and on function was achieved by growing MnO2 on the surface of porphyrinic ZrMOF nanoparticles (ZrMOF@MnO2). Both the fluorescence and photodynamic activities can be turned off by MnO2 and turned on by GSH. The GSH-responsive activation of photodynamic activity of ZrMOF@MnO2 significantly depleted the intracellular GSH via a MnO2 reduction reaction, thus triggering an enhanced photodynamic therapy efficacy. Finally, the GSH-reduced Mn2+ provided a platform for magnetic resonance imaging-guided tumor therapy. Conclusion: This work highlights the impact of inorganic nanomaterial on the MOF properties and provides insight to the rational design of multifunctional MOF-inorganic nanomaterial complexes.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(26): 8752-8756, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046176

RESUMO

Tumor hypoxia, the "Achilles' heel" of current cancer therapies, is indispensable to drug resistance and poor therapeutic outcomes especially for radiotherapy. Here we propose an in situ catalytic oxygenation strategy in tumor using porphyrinic metal-organic framework (MOF)-gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) nanohybrid as a therapeutic platform to achieve O2 -evolving chemoradiotherapy. The AuNPs decorated on the surface of MOF effectively stabilize the nanocomposite and serve as radiosensitizers, whereas the MOF scaffold acts as a container to encapsulate chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin. In vitro and in vivo studies verify that the catalase-like nanohybrid significantly enhances the radiotherapy effect, alleviating tumor hypoxia and achieving synergistic anticancer efficacy. This hybrid nanomaterial remarkably suppresses the tumor growth with minimized systemic toxicity, opening new horizons for the next generation of theranostic nanomedicines.

11.
Biomaterials ; 210: 62-69, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075724

RESUMO

Nanomedicine has become a promising approach to improve cancer chemotherapy. It remains a major challenge how to enhance anti-drug efficacy and reduce side effects of anti-cancer drugs. Herein, we report a self-assembled nanoplatform (FDEP NPs) by integration of doxorubicin (DOX) and epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) with the help of coordination between Fe3+ ions and polyphenols. The EGCG from FDEP NPs could inhibit the expression of carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1) protein and thereby inhibit the doxorubicinol (DOXOL) generation from DOX both in vitro and in vivo, thus the efficacy of DOX to cancerous cells is improved significantly. More importantly, the FDEP NPs could reduce cardiac toxicity and the DOX mediated toxicity to blood cells due to the repression of DOXOL production. Moreover, the blood half-life of FDEP NPs is longer than 23 h as determined by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of biodistribution of radiolabelled NPs and HPLC measurement of plasma level of DOX, ensuring high tumor accumulation of FDEP NPs by enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. The FDEP NPs also exhibited much improved antitumor effect over free drugs. Our work sheds new light on the engineering of nanomaterials for combination chemotherapy and may find unique clinical applications in the near future.

13.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(6): 1711-1723, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082207

RESUMO

The effectiveness of numerous molecular drugs is hampered by their poor pharmacokinetics. Different from previous approaches with limited effectiveness, most recently, emerging high-affinity albumin binding moieties (ABMs) for in vivo hitchhiking of endogenous albumin opens up an avenue to chaperone small molecules for long-acting therapeutics. Although several FDA-approved fatty acids have shown prolonged residence and therapeutic effect, an easily synthesized, water-soluble, and high-efficiency ABM with versatile drug loading ability is urgently needed to improve the therapeutic efficacy of short-lived constructs. We herein identified an ideal bivalent Evans blue derivative, denoted as N(tEB)2, as a smart ABM-delivery platform to chaperone short-lived molecules, through both computational modeling screening and efficient synthetic schemes. The optimal N(tEB)2 could reversibly link two molecules of albumin through its two binding heads with a preferable spacer, resulting in significantly extended circulation half-life of a preloaded cargo and water-soluble. Notably, this in situ dimerization of albumin was able to sandwich peptide therapeutics to protect them from proteolysis. As an application, we conjugated N(tEB)2 with exendin-4 for long-acting glucose control in a diabetic mouse model, and it was superior to both previously tested NtEB-exendin-4 (Abextide) and the newly FDA-approved semaglutide, which has been arguably the best commercial weekly formula so far. Hence, this novel albumin binder has excellent clinical potential for next-generation biomimetic drug delivery systems.

14.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(6): 1821-1829, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117347

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis is better assisted by contrast agents that can augment the signal contrast in the imaging appearance. However, this technique is still limited by the inherently low sensitivity on the recorded signal changes in conventional T1 or T2 MRI in a qualitative manner. Here, we provide a new paradigm of MRI diagnosis using T1- T2 dual-modal MRI contrast agents for contrast-enhanced postimaging computations on T1 and T2 relaxation changes. An albumin-binding molecule (i.e., truncated Evans blue) chelated with paramagnetic manganese ion was developed as a novel T1- T2 dual-modal MRI contrast agent at high magnetic field (7 T). Furthermore, the postimaging computations on T1- T2 dual-modal MRI led to greatly enhanced signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) in both subcutaneous and orthotopic brain tumor models compared with traditional MRI methods. The T1- T2 dual-modal MRI computations have great potential to eliminate suspicious artifacts and false-positive signals in mouse brain imaging. This study may open new avenues for contrast-enhanced MRI diagnosis and holds great promise for precision medicine.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(26): 8799-8803, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034679

RESUMO

Single molecular nanoparticles (SMNPs) integrating imaging and therapeutic capabilities exhibit unparalleled advantages in cancer theranostics, ranging from excellent biocompatibility, high stability, prolonged blood lifetime to abundant tumor accumulation. Herein, we synthesize a sophisticated porphyrin nanocage that is further functionalized with twelve polyethylene glycol arms to prepare SMNPs (porSMNPs). The porphyrin nanocage embedded in porSMNPs can be utilized as a theranostic platform. PET imaging allows dynamic observation of the bio-distribution of porSMNPs, confirming their excellent circulation time and preferential accumulation at the tumor site, which is attributed to the enhanced permeability and retention effect. Moreover, the cage structure significantly promotes the photosensitizing effect of porSMNs by inhibiting the π-π stacking interactions of the photosensitizers, ablating of the tumors without relapse by taking advantage of photodynamic therapy.

16.
Small ; 15(16): e1900691, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913380

RESUMO

Activatable imaging probes are promising to achieve increased signal-to-noise ratio for accurate tumor diagnosis and treatment monitoring. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive imaging technique with excellent anatomic spatial resolution and unlimited tissue penetration depth. However, most of the activatable MRI contrast agents suffer from metal ion-associated potential long-term toxicity, which may limit their bioapplications and clinical translation. Herein, an activatable MRI agent with efficient MRI performance and high safety is developed for drug (doxorubicin) loading and tumor signal amplification. The agent is based on pH-responsive polymer and gadolinium metallofullerene (GMF). This GMF-based contrast agent shows high relaxivity and low risk of gadolinium ion release. At physiological pH, both GMF and drug molecules are encapsulated into the hydrophobic core of nanoparticles formed by the pH-responsive polymer and shielded from the aqueous environment, resulting in relatively low longitudinal relativity and slow drug release. However, in acidic tumor microenvironment, the hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion of the pH-responsive polymer leads to amplified MR signal and rapid drug release simultaneously. These results suggest that the prepared activatable MRI contrast agent holds great promise for tumor detection and monitoring of drug release.

17.
Adv Mater ; 31(19): e1900401, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920710

RESUMO

2D nanomaterials have attracted broad interest in the field of biomedicine owing to their large surface area, high drug-loading capacity, and excellent photothermal conversion. However, few studies report their "enzyme-like" catalytic performance because it is difficult to prepare enzymatic nanosheets with small size and ultrathin thickness by current synthetic protocols. Herein, a novel one-step wet-chemical method is first proposed for protein-directed synthesis of 2D MnO2 nanosheets (M-NSs), in which the size and thickness can be easily adjusted by the protein dosage. Then, a unique sono-chemical approach is introduced for surface functionalization of the M-NSs with high dispersity/stability as well as metal-cation-chelating capacity, which can not only chelate 64 Cu radionuclides for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, but also capture the potentially released Mn2+ for enhanced biosafety. Interestingly, the resulting M-NS exhibits excellent enzyme-like activity to catalyze the oxidation of glucose, which represents an alternative paradigm of acute glucose oxidase for starving cancer cells and sensitizing them to thermal ablation. Featured with outstanding phototheranostic performance, the well-designed M-NS can achieve effective photoacoustic-imaging-guided synergistic starvation-enhanced photothermal therapy. This study is expected to establish a new enzymatic phototheranostic paradigm based on small-sized and ultrathin M-NSs, which will broaden the application of 2D nanomaterials.

18.
Theranostics ; 9(5): 1358-1368, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30867836

RESUMO

It remains a major challenge to achieve precise on-demand drug release. Here, we developed a modular nanomedicine integrated with logic-gated system enabling programmable drug release for on-demand chemotherapy. Methods: We employed two different logical AND gates consisting of four interrelated moieties to construct the nanovesicles, denoted as v-A-CED2, containing oxidation-responsive nanovesicles (v), radical generators (A), and Edman linker conjugated prodrugs (CED2). The first AND logic gate is connected in parallel by mild hyperthermia ( I ) and acidic pH ( II ), which executes NIR laser triggered prodrug-to-drug transformation through Edman degradation. Meanwhile, the mild hyperthermia effect triggers alkyl radical generation ( III ) which contributes to internal oxidation and degradation of nanovesicles ( IV ). The second AND logic gate is therefore formed by the combination of I-IV to achieve programmable drug release by a single stimulus input NIR laser. The biodistribution of the nanovesicles was monitored by positron emission tomography (PET), photoacoustic, and fluorescence imaging. Results: The developed modular nanovesicles exhibited high tumor accumulation and effective anticancer effects both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: This study provides a novel paradigm of logic-gated programmable drug release system by a modular nanovesicle, which may shed light on innovation of anticancer agents and strategies.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1241, 2019 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886142

RESUMO

The success of radiotherapy relies on tumor-specific delivery of radiosensitizers to attenuate hypoxia resistance. Here we report an ammonia-assisted hot water etching strategy for the generic synthesis of a library of small-sized (sub-50 nm) hollow mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (HMONs) with mono, double, triple, and even quadruple framework hybridization of diverse organic moieties by changing only the introduced bissilylated organosilica precursors. The biodegradable thioether-hybridized HMONs are chosen for efficient co-delivery of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) and iron pentacarbonyl (Fe(CO)5). Distinct from conventional RT, radiodynamic therapy (RDT) is developed by taking advantage of X-ray-activated peroxy bond cleavage within TBHP to generate •OH, which can further attack Fe(CO)5 to release CO molecules for gas therapy. Detailed in vitro and in vivo studies reveal the X-ray-activated cascaded release of •OH and CO molecules from TBHP/Fe(CO)5 co-loaded PEGylated HMONs without reliance on oxygen, which brings about remarkable destructive effects against both normoxic and hypoxic cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Radical Hidroxila/química , Radical Hidroxila/efeitos da radiação , Compostos de Ferro/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/química , Compostos de Organossilício/síntese química , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Porosidade , Células RAW 264.7 , Resultado do Tratamento , Raios X , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/administração & dosagem , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/efeitos da radiação
20.
Biomater Sci ; 7(5): 1794-1800, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888360

RESUMO

Biomedical applications and nanotechnological advances, including constrained synthesis, multimodal imaging, drug delivery, and bioassay, have strongly benefited from employing ferritin nanocages due to their remarkable properties of easy engineering, great biocompatible features, large capacity and so on. In this study, ferritin nanocages were used to display epitopes (model antigens derived from Enterovirus 71 (EV71) with different length) on C- and N-terminals and the loop zone to search for the optimal position for the fusion of the epitopes to the vaccine platform. The longest epitope displayed on the N-terminal and loop zone as well as the second longest peptide displayed on the loop zone of ferritin resulted in 100% passive protection of newborn BALB/c mice from the lethal EV71. This suggests that peptides fused onto the loop zone of ferritin could induce strong immune response. Our results increase the versatility of the vaccine platform and provide more options for the production of stable constructs, suggesting the potential future clinical applicability of ferritin-based antigen delivery nanoplatforms.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Desenho de Drogas , Epitopos/química , Ferritinas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Enterovirus/imunologia , Epitopos/imunologia , Imunização , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Vacinas de Subunidades/química , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia
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