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1.
Cell Discov ; 8(1): 86, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068208

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has continued to affect millions of lives worldwide, leading to the urgent need for novel therapeutic strategies. G-quadruplexes (G4s) have been demonstrated to regulate life cycle of multiple viruses. Here, we identify several highly conservative and stable G4s in SARS-CoV-2 and clarify their dual-function of inhibition of the viral replication and translation processes. Furthermore, the cationic porphyrin compound 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphine (TMPyP4) targeting SARS-CoV-2 G4s shows excellent antiviral activity, while its N-methyl-2-pyridyl positional isomer TMPyP2 with low affinity for G4 has no effects on SARS-CoV-2 infection, suggesting that the antiviral activity of TMPyP4 attributes to targeting SARS-CoV-2 G4s. In the Syrian hamster and transgenic mouse models of SARS-CoV-2 infection, administration of TMPyP4 at nontoxic doses significantly suppresses SARS-CoV-2 infection, resulting in reduced viral loads and lung lesions. Worth to note, the anti-COVID-19 activity of TMPyP4 is more potent than remdesivir evidenced by both in vitro and in vivo studies. Our findings highlight SARS-CoV-2 G4s as a novel druggable target and the compelling potential of TMPyP4 for COVID-19 therapy. Different from the existing anti-SARS-CoV-2 therapeutic strategies, our work provides another alternative therapeutic tactic for SARS-CoV-2 infection focusing on targeting the secondary structures within SARS-CoV-2 genome, and would open a new avenue for design and synthesis of drug candidates with high selectivity toward the new targets.

2.
Ann Hematol ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071294

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) is a common subtype of secondary HLH. EBV plays an important part in the course. EBV can cause central nervous system (CNS) infections, and there are few clinical studies on EBV-CNS infection in EBV-HLH patients. All patients who were diagnosed as EBV-HLH and underwent cerebrospinal fluid testing admitted to our center from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Summarized the clinical data, evaluated treatment efficacy after intrathecal injection, and investigated the correlation between EBV-CNS infection with prognosis in EBV-HLH patients. Of 37 of 57 (64.9%) EBV-HLH patients has EBV-CNS infection. The survival of EBV-HLH patients without EBV-CNS infection was significantly better than that in EBV-CNS infection patients (P = 0.018). There were no statistically significant differences in sCD25, ferritin, ALT, AST, LDH, TB, WBC, Hb, and PLT counts between two groups (all P-values > 0.05). Higher EBV-DNA load in peripheral blood was correlated with EBV-CNS infection (P < 0.001). EBV-CNS infection is an independent risk factor affecting the survival of patients (P = 0.004). The CSF cell load of patients with and without EBV-CNS infection groups was significantly different (P = 0.024). Intrathecal injection with methotrexate combined with dexamethasone can effectively decrease CSF EBV-DNA load (P = 0.017) and CSF cell load (P = 0.025). EBV-CNS infection is an independent risk factor affecting prognosis in EBV-HLH patients. Therefore, EBV-CNS infection should cause concern for EBV-HLH patients. Cerebrospinal fluid testing is necessary for all patients. Methotrexate combined with dexamethasone intrathecal injection can be an effective treatment for EBV-CNS infection.

3.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical results of the direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterolateral approach (PLA) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients. METHODS: From January 2017 to September 2019, 80 patients who received primary THA in our hospital were retrospectively selected based on the propensity score matching (PSM) method. Baseline characteristics of patients who underwent the DAA and PLA were collected. Moreover, the incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operative time, length of stay, and Harris hip score were compared between patients in the two groups. The CK level was used to assess muscle damage between patients in the DAA and PLA groups. The complications of these two approaches were also evaluated at patients' 12-month follow-up evaluation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between patients in the two groups (p > 0.05). The patients in the DAA group had a shorter incision length (9.2 ± 0.2 vs 14.7 ± 0.5, respectively; p < 0.05) and shorter length of hospital stay (9.5 ± 0.7 vs 12.9 ± 0.8, respectively, p < 0.05) than patients in the PLA group. Moreover, the DAA was associated with a decrease in intraoperative blood loss compared with the PLA (109.1 ± 12.6 vs 305.1 ± 14.1 ml, respectively, p < 0.05). However, the operation time was longer in patients in the DAA group (130.7 ± 1.7) than in patients in the PLA group (112.6 ± 1.3 min, p < 0.05). The CK level of patients in the DAA group was lower than that of patients in the PLA group (p < 0.05). The CK level at 48 h post-surgery was negatively correlated with the Harris hip scores at 6 months after THA (r = -0.538, p = 0.000). Compared with patients in the PLA group, the muscle strength of patients in the DAA group was significantly higher than that of patients in the DAA group at 4 days (p < 0.05) and 7 days (p < 0.05) after THA. The Harris hip scores of patients in the DAA group and PLA group were 81.0 ± 0.8 vs 70.8 ± 0.7 at 6 weeks, 93.4 ± 0.9 vs 86.4 ± 0.6 at 3 months, and 96.8 ± 1.1 vs 93.4 ± 0.8 at 6 months, respectively, both p < 0.05. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between patients in the DAA and PLA groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: DAA was superior to the PLA in improving hip function after THA. Compared with the PLA, the DAA could reduce muscle damage, which is negatively correlated with hip function. Further multi-institution studies are required with longer follow-up durations, and larger patient populations are needed to provide more definitive conclusions.

4.
Ann Hematol ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094533

RESUMO

We performed a single-center, prospective trial to investigate the efficacy of PEG- asparaginase combined with liposomal doxorubicin, etoposide, and methylprednisolone (L-DEP) as an initial therapy for Epstein-Barr virus driven hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH). None of the patients received any chemotherapy after the diagnosis of EBV-HLH between September 2019 and September 2021. The efficacy was evaluated 2 weeks and 4 weeks after initiating L-DEP primary therapy. Forty-seven eligible patients with EBV-HLH were enrolled. The overall response rate (ORR) was 80.9% (38/47, 12 in clinical CR, 26 in clinical PR) at 2 weeks after the L-DEP regimen; at 4 weeks, the ORR was 75.6% (34/45, 21 in clinical CR, 13 in clinical PR). EBV-DNA loads in blood and plasma were significantly decreased 2 and 4 weeks after the L-DEP regimen (P < 0.001). Ferritin, soluble CD25 (sCD25), triglycerides (TGs), and ultrasonic spleen longitude, and thickness were all decreased significantly 2 and 4 weeks after the L-DEP regimen (P < 0.001). Thus, the L-DEP regimen is an effective initial therapy for EBV-HLH. However, the L-DEP regimen was poor in terms of long-term prognosis and that allo-HSCT should be received as soon as possible once a complete response is achieved.

5.
Eur Spine J ; 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the ideal entry point for pediatric C2 pedicle screw and to obtain parameters of it for the indication of pediatric atlantoaxial fusion arthrodesis. METHODS: The pediatric cervical CT images were reconstructed into the 3D digital models and the C2 vertebrae were separated. The location of ideal entry point and screw placement related linear and angular parameters were assessed on the 3D digital models. RESULTS: A total of 214 pedicles from 107 C2 digital models were analyzed. The average entry point for C2 was 3.80 ± 2.78 mm medial to the lateral notch (LN) and 2.57 ± 1.70 mm superior to the LN. The average pedicle diameter (PD) was 6.02 ± 1.31 mm, and the average pedicle screw length (PSL) was 25.63 ± 3.46 mm. Statistical differences were found between different sex for PD and PSL (P < 0.05). As patient age increases, using the most lateral and inferior edge of the lateral mass as a reference marker, the entry point tends to move medial and cephalad, when using the LN as a reference marker, the entry point tends to move medial and slightly caudad. Univariate linear regression analysis suggested that these linear parameters were associated with age (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that the measurement results of C2 pedicle screw varied based on sex, laterality, and ages for children younger than 18 years. The entry point of the screws facilitating ideal trajectory tends to change in a linear way as a function of age. This information helps the surgeon to establish the specific anatomy related to C2 pedicle screw placement to facilitate fixation in the pediatric patients.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077699

RESUMO

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) is a covalent post-translational modification and plays a key role in the immediate response of cells to stress signals. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), the founding member of the PARP superfamily, synthesizes long and branched polymers of ADP-ribose (PAR) onto acceptor proteins, thereby modulating their function and their local surrounding. PARP1 is the most prominent of the PARPs and is responsible for the production of about 90% of PAR in the cell. Therefore, PARP1 and PARylation play a pleotropic role in a wide range of cellular processes, such as DNA repair and genomic stability, cell death, chromatin remodeling, inflammatory response and gene transcription. PARP1 has DNA-binding and catalytic activities that are important for DNA repair, yet also modulate chromatin conformation and gene transcription, which can be independent of DNA damage response. PARP1 and PARylation homeostasis have also been implicated in multiple diseases, including inflammation, stroke, diabetes and cancer. Studies of the molecular action and biological function of PARP1 and PARylation provide a basis for the development of pharmaceutic strategies for clinical applications. This review focuses primarily on the role of PARP1 in the regulation of chromatin remodeling and transcriptional activation.

7.
Cells ; 11(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078123

RESUMO

MCPH1 is the first gene identified to be responsible for the human autosomal recessive disorder primary microcephaly (MCPH). Mutations in the N-terminal and central domains of MCPH1 are strongly associated with microcephaly in human patients. A recent study showed that the central domain of MCPH1, which is mainly encoded by exon 8, interacts with E3 ligase ßTrCP2 and regulates the G2/M transition of the cell cycle. In order to investigate the biological functions of MCPH1's central domain, we constructed a mouse model that lacked the central domain of MCPH1 by deleting its exon 8 (designated as Mcph1-Δe8). Mcph1-Δe8 mice exhibited a reduced brain size and thinner cortex, likely caused by a compromised self-renewal capacity and premature differentiation of Mcph1-Δe8 neuroprogenitors during corticogenesis. Furthermore, Mcph1-Δe8 mice were sterile because of a loss of germ cells in the testis and ovary. The embryonic fibroblasts of Mcph1-Δe8 mice exhibited premature chromosome condensation (PCC). All of these findings indicate that Mcph1-Δe8 mice are reminiscent of MCPH1 complete knockout mice and Mcph1-ΔBR1 mice. Our study demonstrates that the central domain of MCPH1 represses microcephaly, and is essential for gonad development in mammals.


Assuntos
Microcefalia , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Feminino , Gônadas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microcefalia/genética , Microcefalia/metabolismo
8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(9): e0010726, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083861

RESUMO

Infection with helminths can modulate the host immune response, which ultimately shape morbidity and mortality of the associated diseases. We studied key cytokines for essential immune response in sera from 229 southeastern China individuals infected with Clonorchis sinensis and 60 individuals without C. sinensis infection, and measured serum specific IgG and IgE against worms in these people. Individuals infected with C. sinensis had significantly higher antigen-specific IgG and IgE levels, which were positively correlated with egg counts in feces. However, less enhancement of IgE antibody was observed in females when compared to males with similar infection levels. C. sinensis infection caused diminished Th1 cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-12p70, IFN-γ and TNF-α), Th2 cytokine (IL-4), as well as Th17 cytokine (IL-17A) in sera, which showed decreasing trend by infection intensity. Notably, these phenotypes were more significant in females than those in males. Although C. sinensis infection is associated with the development of hepatobiliary diseases, there was no significant correlation between the dampened cytokine profiles and the hepatobiliary morbidities. Our study indicates C. sinensis infection is strongly related to the immune suppression in human. Sex differences shape the immune milieus of clonorchiasis. This study provides a better understanding of how worms affect immune responses and cause a long-term immune alternation in humans with C. sinensis infection.


Assuntos
Clonorquíase , Clonorchis sinensis , Animais , Clonorquíase/parasitologia , Clonorchis sinensis/genética , Citocinas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade , Imunoglobulina E , Imunoglobulina G , Masculino
9.
Bioorg Chem ; 128: 106117, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063752

RESUMO

The bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) bromodomains, particularly BRD4, have been identified as promising therapeutic targets in the treatment of many human disorders such as cancer. Coumarin is a highly privileged moiety for the development of novel anticancer drugs which has been identified in clinical trials for the treatment of various cancers. Herein, we modified BRD4i ABBV-075 with a coumarin ring and synthesized a novel series of coumarin derivatives as BRD4 inhibitors. Among them, the representative compound 27d showed excellent BRD4 inhibitory activities with an IC50 value of 99 nM in the TR-FRET assay. Compared with ABBV-075, compound 27d displayed a favorable cell proliferation inhibitory activity in solid tumors, such as MCF-7, HGC-27 and HepG-2. Further mechanism investigation illustrated that 27d-treatment resulted in G0/G1 phase arrest and promoted apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Compound 27d also blocked colony formation in a concentration-dependent manner in McF-7 cell lines. As the downstream-protein of BRD4, the expression of c-Myc was decreased in a dose-dependent manner after the treatment of compound 27d. Moreover, compound 27d also exhibited good in vivo and in vitro metabolic stability. All the findings meaningfully make it as a promising lead compound for further drug development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Proteínas Nucleares , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fatores de Transcrição
10.
Front Physiol ; 13: 897412, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105296

RESUMO

Oxygen uptake (VO2) is an important parameter in sports medicine, health assessment and clinical treatment. At present, more and more wearable devices are used in daily life, clinical treatment and health care. The parameters obtained by wearables have great research potential and application prospect. In this paper, an instantaneous VO2 estimation model based on XGBoost was proposed and verified by using data obtained from a medical-grade wearable device (Beijing SensEcho) at different posture and activity levels. Furthermore, physiological characteristics extracted from single-lead electrocardiogram, thoracic and abdominal respiration signal and tri-axial acceleration signal were studied to optimize the model. There were 29 healthy volunteers recruited for the study to collect data while stationary (lying, sitting, standing), walking, Bruce treadmill test and recuperating with SensEcho and the gas analyzer (Metalyzer 3B). The results show that the VO2 values estimated by the proposed model are in good agreement with the true values measured by the gas analyzer (R2 = 0.94 ± 0.03, n = 72,235), and the mean absolute error (MAE) is 1.83 ± 0.59 ml/kg/min. Compared with the estimation method using a separate heart rate as input, our method reduced MAE by 54.70%. At the same time, other factors affecting the performance of the model were studied, including the influence of different input signals, gender and movement intensity, which provided more enlightenment for the estimation of VO2. The results show that the proposed model based on cardio-pulmonary physiological signals as inputs can effectively improve the accuracy of instantaneous VO2 estimation in various scenarios of activities and was robust between different motion modes and state. The VO2 estimation method proposed in this paper has the potential to be used in daily life covering the scenario of stationary, walking and maximal exercise.

11.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 2121568, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113067

RESUMO

Bacillus Calmette - Guerin (BCG) is an immune regulator that can enhance hippocampal synaptic plasticity in rats; however, it is unclear whether it can improve synaptic function in a mouse model with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We hypothesized that BCG plays a protective role in AD mice and investigated its effect on dendritic morphology. The results obtained show that BCG immunization significantly increases dendritic complexity, as indicated by the increased number of dendritic intersections and branch points, as well as the increase in the fractal dimension. Furthermore, the number of primary neurites and dendritic length also increased following BCG immunization, which increased the number of spines and promoted maturation. IFN-γ and IL-4 levels increased, while TNF-α levels decreased following BCG immunization; expression levels of p-JAK2, P-STAT3, SYN, and PSD-95 also increased. Therefore, this study demonstrates that BCG immunization in APP/PS1 mice mitigated hippocampal dendritic spine pathology, especially after the third round of immunization. This effect could possibly be attributed to; changes in dendritic arborization and spine morphology or increases in SYN and PSD-95 expression levels. It could also be related to mechanisms of BCG-induced increases in IFN-γ or IL-4/JAK2/STAT3 levels.


BCG immunization in a mouse model for Alzheimer's disease significantly increased dendritic complexity, as indicated by an increase in the number of dendritic intersections and branch points, as well as an increase in the fractal dimension of hippocampal CA1 neurons.

12.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115651

RESUMO

Insufficient vascularization is a major challenge in the repair of critical-sized bone defects. Deferoxamine (DFO) has been reported to play a potential role in promoting the formation of H-type blood vessels, a specialized vascular subtype with coupled angiogenesis and osteogenesis. However, whether DFO promotes the expression of H-type vessels in critical femoral defects with complete periosteal damage remains unknown. Moreover, stable drug loading systems need to be designed owing to the short half-life and high-dose toxic effects of DFO. In this study, we developed an injectable DFO-gelatin microspheres (GMs) hydrogel complex as a stable drug loading system for the treatment of critical femoral defects in rats. Our results showed that sustained release of DFO in critical femoral defects stimulated the generation of functional H-type vessels. The DFO-GMs hydrogel complex effectively promoted proliferation, formation, and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. In vivo, the application of the DFO-GMs hydrogel complex expanded the distribution range and prolonged the expression time of H-type vessels in the defect area and was positively correlated with the number of osterix+ cells and new bone tissue. Topical application of the HIF-1α inhibitor PX-478 partially blocked the stimulation of H-type vessels by DFO, whereas the osteogenic potential of the latter was also weakened. Our results extended the local application of DFO and provided a theoretical basis for targeting H-type vessels to treat large femoral defects. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Abundant functional blood vessels are essential for bone repair. The H-type blood vessel is a functional subtype with angiogenesis and osteogenesis coupling potential. A drug loading system with long-term controlled release was first used to investigate the formation of H-type blood vessels in critical femoral defects and promotion of bone repair. Our results showed that the application of DFO-GMs hydrogel complex expanded the distribution range and expression time of H-type vessels, and was positively correlated with the number of osteoblasts and volume of new bone tissue. These results expanded the local application approach of DFO and provide a theoretical basis for targeting H-type vessels to treat large femoral defects.

13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24669, 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36036769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a category of immunological illnesses that cause out-of-control T cells and macrophages to release life-threatening cytokines. The HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria are the gold standard for HLH diagnosis, but there is a need to investigate the usefulness of various cytokines for HLH diagnosis. METHODS: Patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2020 were included in this retrospective study, with 166 patients with confirmed HLH and 142 febrile patients requiring differential diagnosis completing the sum. Multiplex cytokine assays using multifactor liquid phase microarray technology-based multifactor liquid phase microarray technology were used to detect 33 cytokines. Twenty-eight cytokines detected using the Luminex analytical platform technology were ultimately included in the analysis. RESULTS: Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 RA), IL-18, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interferon-induced protein 10 (IP-10) regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), eotaxin, growth-related oncogene α (GRO-α), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 α (MIP-1α) were higher in the HLH group than in the non-HLH group, and the differences were statistically significant. Among them, the area under the curve (AUC) for IL-18 for HLH diagnosis was reported for the first time as 82.69%, with a sensitivity of 76.32% and a specificity of 79.61%; the AUC of IL-1 RA was 72.34%, with a sensitivity of 62.71% and a specificity of 75.97%; and the AUC of IP-10 was 71.73%, with a sensitivity of 60.14% and a specificity of 75.15%. Moreover, the AUC of the combined diagnostic tests for IL-1 RA, IL-18, IFN-γ, IP-10, and RANTES was 99.6%, with a sensitivity of 95.8% and a specificity of 98.6%. CONCLUSION: Our study concluded that multiple cytokines are valid biological markers for the diagnosis of HLH. The findings of this study remain to be validated in an external dataset.

15.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(8)2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36009321

RESUMO

Repetitive seizures, a common phenomenon in diverse neurologic conditions such as epilepsy, can undoubtedly cause neuronal injury and our prior work reveals that ferroptosis is a contributing factor of neuronal damage post seizure. However, there is no drug available in clinical practice for ameliorating seizure-induced neuronal impairment via targeting ferroptosis. Our present work aimed to explore whether D-penicillamine (DPA), an originally approved drug for treating Wilson's disease, inhibited neuronal ferroptosis and alleviated seizure-associated brain damage. Our findings revealed that DPA remarkably improved neuronal survival in kainic acid (KA)-treated mouse model. Furthermore, ferroptosis-associated indices including acyl-coA synthetase long chain family member 4 (ACSL4), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (Ptgs2) gene and lipid peroxide (LPO) level were significantly decreased in KA mouse model after DPA treatment. In a ferroptotic cell death model induced by glutamate or erastin, DPA was also validated to evidently suppress neuronal ferroptosis. The results from RNA-seq analysis indicated that Aqp11, a gene coding previously reported channel protein responsible for transporting water and small solutes, was identified as a molecular target by which DPA exerted anti-ferroptotic potential in neurons. The experimental results from in vivo Aqp11 siRNA transfer into the brain also confirmed that knockdown of Aqp11 abrogated the inhibitory effect of seizure-induced ferroptosis after DPA treatment, suggesting that the effects of DPA on ferroptosis process are dependent upon Aqp11. In conclusion, DPA can be repurposed to cure seizure disorders such as epilepsy.

16.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(8)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36010201

RESUMO

Targeted therapy is an effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. Before treatment, pathologists need to confirm tumor morphology and type, which is time-consuming and highly repetitive. In this study, we propose a multi-task deep learning model based on a convolutional neural network for joint cancer lesion region segmentation and histological subtype classification, using magnified pathological tissue images. Firstly, we constructed a shared feature extraction channel to extract abstract information of visual space for joint segmentation and classification learning. Then, the weighted losses of segmentation and classification tasks were tuned to balance the computing bias of the multi-task model. We evaluated our model on a private in-house dataset of pathological tissue images collected from Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The proposed approach achieved Dice similarity coefficients of 93.5% and 89.0% for segmenting squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AD) specimens, respectively. In addition, the proposed method achieved an accuracy of 97.8% in classifying SCC vs. normal tissue and an accuracy of 100% in classifying AD vs. normal tissue. The experimental results demonstrated that our method outperforms other state-of-the-art methods and shows promising performance for both lesion region segmentation and subtype classification.

17.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(8): 1497-1503, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989878

RESUMO

Abies ernestii Rehder is endemic to the montane regions of Southwest China. Till now, phylogenetic relationships between A. ernestii and other closely related species remain unclear. In this study, we first characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of A. ernestii. The whole cp genome was 121,841 bp in size, including one hundred and thirteen genes. Results of comparative cp genome revealed that only ycf1 and ycf2 was characterized by a considerable variation. Our phylogenetic analyses supported the monophyly of the genus Abies and revealed a clear separation between A. ernestii and A. chensiensis Tiegh. This study highlights the significance of using cp genomes to examine species boundaries among closely related fir species.

18.
Front Genet ; 13: 959360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35991539

RESUMO

Androgens rapidly regulate synaptic plasticity in hippocampal neurones, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we carried out a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of functional similarities between androgen receptor (AR) and the synaptic protein postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95) to evaluate the effect. Using different measurements and thresholds, we obtained consistent results illustrating that the two proteins were significantly involved in similar pathways. We further identified CaMKII plays a critical role in mediating the rapid effect of androgen and promoting the expression of PSD95. We used mouse hippocampal neurone HT22 cells as a cell model to investigate the effect of testosterone (T) on intracellular Ca2+ levels and the mechanism. Calcium imaging experiments showed that intracellular Ca2+ increased to a peak due to calcium influx in the extracellular fluid through L-type and N-type voltage-gated calcium channels when HT22 cells were treated with 100 nM T for 20 min. Subsequently, we investigated whether the Ca2+/CaMKII signaling pathway mediates the rapid effect of T, promoting the expression of the synaptic protein PSD95. Immunofluorescence cytochemical staining and western blotting results showed that T promoted CaMKII phosphorylation by rapidly increasing extracellular Ca2+ influx, thus increasing PSD95 expression. This study demonstrated that CaMKII acts as a mediator assisting androgen which regulates the synaptic protein PSD95Also, it provides evidence for the neuroprotective mechanisms of androgens in synaptic plasticity and reveals the gated and pharmacological mechanisms of the voltage-gated Ca2+ channel family for androgen replacement therapy.

19.
Biomed Opt Express ; 13(7): 3922-3938, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35991920

RESUMO

Plaque erosion is one of the most common underlying mechanisms for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) allows in vivo diagnosis of plaque erosion. However, challenge remains due to high inter- and intra-observer variability. We developed an artificial intelligence method based on deep learning for fully automated detection of plaque erosion in vivo, which achieved a recall of 0.800 ± 0.175, a precision of 0.734 ± 0.254, and an area under the precision-recall curve (AUC) of 0.707. Our proposed method is in good agreement with physicians, and can help improve the clinical diagnosis of plaque erosion and develop individualized treatment strategies for optimal management of ACS patients.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 2): 158175, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995173

RESUMO

A biofilm reactor filled with chia seeds gum modified biochar was set up for the simultaneous removal of nitrate, cadmium and zinc from calcium-containing wastewater via denitrification and microbially-induced (calcium) carbonate precipitation. The reactor performance was studied under different conditions of pH, Cd concentration, and hydraulic retention time. The optimal removal efficiency of the reactor for NO3--N, Ca2+, Cd2+, and Zn2+ were 99.98, 79.89, 100, and 99.84 %, respectively. 3D-EEM indicated the aromatic compounds confirming the stability of the reactor. FTIR illustrated the presence of -OH, CaCO3, C-O-C, and C-O-H indicating the precipitation and role of gum in MICP. SEM confirmed that the seed crystal induced the repeated crystallization of free metal ions. XRD showed that heavy metals were removed in the form of CaCO3, CdCO3, ZnCO3, Ca3(PO3)2, Cd3(PO3)2, and Zn3(PO3)2 co-crystallization. SEM-EDS showed the composition and distribution of elements. High-throughput sequencing showed that Curpriavidus sp. GMF1 and Ochrobactrum sp. GMC12 were the dominant bacterial species, with powerful denitrification and MICP mineralization capabilities.

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