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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714627

RESUMO

Heterostructures show great potential in energy storage due to their multipurpose structures and function. Recently, two-dimensional (2D) graphene has been widely regarded as an excellent substrate for active materials due to its large specific surface area and superior electrical conductivity. However, it is prone to self-aggregation during charging and discharging, which limits its electrochemical performance. To address the graphene agglomeration problem, we interspersed polypyrrole carbon nanotubes between the graphene cavities and designed three-dimensional (3D)-heterostructures of ZnMn2O4@rGO-polypyrrole carbon nanotubes (ZMO@G-PNTs), which demonstrated a high rate and cyclic stability in lithium-ion capacitors (LICs). Furthermore, the 3D porous structure provided more surface capacity contribution than 2D graphene, ultimately resulting in a better stability (333 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles at 1 A g-1) and high rate capacity (208 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1). Also, the mechanism of performance difference between ZMO@G-PNTs and ZMO@G was investigated in detail. Moreover, LICs built from ZMO@G-PNTs as an anode and activated carbon as a cathode showed an energy density of 149.3 Wh kg-1 and a power density of 15 kW kg-1 and cycling stability with a capacity retention of 61.5% after 9000 cycles.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635817

RESUMO

Many integral membrane proteins might act as indispensable coordinators in specific functional microdomains to maintain the normal operation of known receptors, such as Notch. Gm364 is a multi-pass transmembrane protein that has been screened as a potential female fertility factor. However, there have been no reports to date about its function in female fertility. Here, we found that global knockout of Gm364 decreased the numbers of primordial follicles and growing follicles, impaired oocyte quality as indicated by increased ROS and γ-H2AX, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, decreased oocyte maturation, and increased aneuploidy. Mechanistically, Gm364 directly binds and anchors MIB2, a ubiquitin ligase, on the membrane. Subsequently, membrane MIB2 ubiquitinates and activates DLL3. Next, the activated DLL3 binds and activates Notch2, which is subsequently cleaved within the cytoplasm to produce NICD2, the intracellular active domain of Notch2. Finally, NICD2 can directly activate AKT within the cytoplasm to regulate oocyte meiosis and quality.

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 989, 2021 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689175

RESUMO

Proper follicle development is very important for the production of mature oocytes, which is essential for the maintenance of female fertility. This complex biological process requires precise gene regulation. The most abundant modification of mRNA, N6-methyladenosine (m6A), is involved in many RNA metabolism processes, including RNA splicing, translation, stability, and degradation. Here, we report that m6A plays essential roles during oocyte and follicle development. Oocyte-specific inactivation of the key m6A methyltransferase Mettl3 with Gdf9-Cre caused DNA damage accumulation in oocytes, defective follicle development, and abnormal ovulation. Mechanistically, combined RNA-seq and m6A methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq) data from oocytes revealed, that we found METTL3 targets Itsn2 for m6A modification and then enhances its stability to influence the oocytes meiosis. Taken together, our findings highlight the crucial roles of mRNA m6A modification in follicle development and coordination of RNA stabilization during oocyte growth.

4.
iScience ; 24(9): 103024, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585108

RESUMO

The sluggish oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has becoming the bottleneck of largescale implementation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. However, when it comes to the ORR activity assessing of platinum group metals (PGMs) with rotating disk electrode, the corresponding potential conversion vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, test protocols, and activity calculation processes are still in chaos in many published literatures. In this work, two standard calculation processes for PGM ORR activities are demonstrated, followed by a specification for the usage of reference electrodes. Then a 4-fold discrepancy in ORR activities obtained via different test protocols is found for the same Pt/C, and an average adsorption model and the "coverage effects" are proposed to illustrate the hysteresis loop between negative and positive-going ORR polarization plots. Finally, four motions over appropriate assessment of PGM ORR activity are emphasized, hoping to bring a fair communication platform for researchers from different groups.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 883, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580275

RESUMO

Protein phosphatase 6 (PP6) is a member of the PP2A-like subfamily, which plays significant roles in numerous fundamental biological activities. We found that PPP6C plays important roles in male germ cells recently. Spermatogenesis is supported by the Sertoli cells in the seminiferous epithelium. In this study, we crossed Ppp6cF/F mice with AMH-Cre mice to gain mutant mice with specific depletion of the Ppp6c gene in the Sertoli cells. We discovered that the PPP6C cKO male mice were absolutely infertile and germ cells were largely lost during spermatogenesis. By combing phosphoproteome with bioinformatics analysis, we showed that the phosphorylation status of ß-catenin at S552 (a marker of adherens junctions) was significantly upregulated in mutant mice. Abnormal ß-catenin accumulation resulted in impaired testicular junction integrity, thus led to abnormal structure and functions of BTB. Taken together, our study reveals a novel function for PPP6C in male germ cell survival and differentiation by regulating the cell-cell communication through dephosphorylating ß-catenin at S552.

6.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 706879, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381787

RESUMO

Aims: Research evidence indicates that epigenetic modifications of gametes in obese or diabetic parents may contribute to metabolic disorders in offspring. In the present study, we sought to address the effect of diabetic uterine environment on the offspring metabolism. Methods: Type 2 diabetes mouse model was induced by high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin (STZ) administration. We maintained other effect factors constant and changed uterine environment by zygote transfers, and then determined and compared the offspring numbers, symptoms, body weight trajectories, and metabolism indices from different groups. Result: We found that maternal type 2 diabetes mice had lower fertility and a higher dystocia rate, accompanying the increased risk of offspring malformations and death. Compared to only a pre-gestational exposure to hyperglycemia, exposure to hyperglycemia both pre- and during pregnancy resulted in offspring growth restriction and impaired metabolism in adulthood. But there was no significant difference between a pre-gestational exposure group and a no exposure group. The deleterious effects, no matter bodyweight or glucose tolerance, could be rescued by transferring the embryos from diabetic mothers into normal uterine environment. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that uterine environment of maternal diabetes makes critical impact on the offspring health.

8.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189751

RESUMO

In mammals, oocytes are arrested at G2/prophase for a long time, which is called germinal vesicle (GV) arrest. After puberty, fully-grown oocytes are stimulated by a gonadotropin surge to resume meiosis as indicated by GV breakdown (GVBD). CCNB1 is accumulated to a threshold level to trigger the activation of maturation promoting factor (MPF), inducing the G2/M transition. It is generally recognized that the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and its cofactor CDH1 (also known as FZR1) regulates the accumulation/degradation of CCNB1. Here, by using small interfering RNA (siRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) microinjection, immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, immunoprecipitation, time-lapse live imaging, and immunoblotting analysis, we showed that Septin 4 regulates the G2/M transition by regulating the accumulation of CCNB1 via APC/CCDC20 . Depletion of Septin 4 caused GV arrest by reducing CCNB1 accumulation. Unexpectedly, the expression level of CDC20 was higher in Septin 4 siRNA-injected oocytes than in control oocytes, but there was no significant change in the expression level of CDH1. Importantly, the reduced GVBD after Septin 4 depletion could be rescued not only by over-expressing CCNB1 but also could be partially rescued by depleting CDC20. Taken together, our results demonstrate that Septin 4 may play a critical role in meiotic G2/M transition by indirect regulation of CCNB1 stabilization in mouse oocytes.

9.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(7): 531, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987229

RESUMO

Background: Though titanium (Ti) is widely used as dental materials in the clinic, effective methods to treat Ti for higher surface biological activity still lack. Through Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) technology we could endow Ti with gradient nanostructured surface (GNS Ti). To investigate the biocompatibility of GNS Ti for its further application in dental implant field, we study the effects of GNS Ti on cell responses in vitro and osseointegration of the implant with surrounding bone tissues in vivo. Methods: In this study, GNS Ti was fabricated by SMAT. In vitro experiment, we co-cultured GNS Ti with bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), surface characterization was detected by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of BMSCs were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), MTT, flow cytometry (FCM), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin (OCN) tests. In vivo experiment, the GNS Ti was implanted into the rabbit mandible. Osteogenesis and osseointegration were evaluated by Micro CT, toluidine blue staining, and immunohistochemical staining at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively. Results: Both results showed that compared with the coarse grained (CG) Ti, the GNS Ti stimulated the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of BMSCs and improved osteogenesis and osseointegration. Conclusions: This study indicates that gradient nanostructured Ti is a promising material for dental implant application.

10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(7): 119044, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865884

RESUMO

Cyclin D-CDK4/6 complex mediates the transition from the G1 to S phase in mammalian somatic cells. Meiotic oocytes pass through the G2/M transition and complete the first meiosis to reach maturation at the metaphase of meiosis II without intervening S phase, while Cyclin D-CDK4/6 complex is found to express during meiotic progression. Whether Cyclin D-CDK4/6 complex regulates meiotic cell cycle progression is not known. Here, we found its different role in oocyte meiosis: Cyclin D-CDK4/6 complex served as a regulator of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to prevent aneuploidy in meiosis I. Inhibition of CDK4/6 kinases disrupted spindle assembly, chromosome alignment and kinetochore-microtubule attachments, but unexpectedly accelerated meiotic progression by inactivating SAC, consequently resulting in production of aneuploid oocytes. Further studies showed that the MPF activity decrease before first polar body extrusion was accelerated probably by inactivation of the SAC to promote ubiquitin-mediated cyclin B1 degradation. Taken together, these data reveal a novel role of Cyclin D-CDK4/6 complex in mediating control of the SAC in female meiosis I.


Assuntos
Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Aneuploidia , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Segregação de Cromossomos/fisiologia , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Feminino , Meiose/fisiologia , Metáfase/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Oócitos/metabolismo , Corpos Polares/metabolismo , Fuso Acromático/metabolismo
11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 647103, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842473

RESUMO

There are two important events in oocyte meiotic maturation, the G2/M transition and metaphase I progression. Thousands of proteins participate in regulating oocyte maturation, which highlights the importance of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in regulating protein synthesis and degradation. Skp1-Cullin-F-box (SCF) complexes, as the best characterized ubiquitin E3 ligases in the UPS, specifically recognize their substrates. F-box proteins, as the variable adaptors of SCF, can bind substrates specifically. Little is known about the functions of the F-box proteins in oocyte maturation. In this study, we found that depletion of FBXO34, an F-box protein, led to failure of oocyte meiotic resumption due to a low activity of MPF, and this phenotype could be rescued by exogenous overexpression of CCNB1. Strikingly, overexpression of FBXO34 promoted germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), but caused continuous activation of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and MI arrest of oocytes. Here, we demonstrated that FBXO34 regulated both the G2/M transition and anaphase entry in meiotic oocytes.

12.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(10): 7001-7013, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724469

RESUMO

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), the main cause of humoral hypercalcemia in malignancies, promotes cell proliferation and delays terminal cell maturation during embryonic development. Our previous study reported that PTHrP plays important roles in blastocyst formation, pluripotency gene expression, and histone acetylation during mouse preimplantation embryonic development. In this study, we further investigated the mechanism of preimplantation embryonic development regulated by PTHrP. Our results showed that Pthrp depletion decreased both the developmental rate of embryos at the cleavage stage and the cell number of morula-stage embryos. Pthrp-depleted embryos had significantly decreased levels of cyclin D1, phospho (p)-AKT (Thr308) and E2F1. However, Pthrp depletion did not cause significant changes in CDK4, ß-catenin or RUNX2 expression. In addition, our results indicated that Pthrp depletion promoted HDAC4 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in cleavage-stage embryos by stimulating the activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), which resulted in dephosphorylation of HDAC4. Taken together, these results suggest that PTHrP regulates cleavage division progression and blastocyst formation through the AKT/cyclin D1 pathway and that PTHrP modulates histone acetylation patterns through nuclear translocation of HDAC4 via PP2A-dependent HDAC4 dephosphorylation during preimplantation embryonic development in mice.

13.
Hum Mol Genet ; 30(7): 525-535, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575778

RESUMO

Oogenesis is a highly regulated process and its basic cellular events are evolutionarily conserved. However, the time spans of oogenesis differ substantially among species. To explore these interspecies differences in oogenesis, we performed single-cell RNA-sequencing on mouse and monkey female germ cells and downloaded the single-cell RNA-sequencing data of human female germ cells. The cell cycle analyses indicate that the period and extent of cell cycle transitions are significantly different between the species. Moreover, hierarchical clustering of critical cell cycle genes and the interacting network of cell cycle regulators also exhibit distinguished patterns across species. We propose that differences in the regulation of cell cycle transitions may underlie female germ cell developmental allochrony between species. A better understanding of the cell cycle transition machinery will provide new insights into the interspecies differences in female germ cell developmental time spans.

15.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 39(2): 248-257, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643225

RESUMO

Oocyte activation deficiency leads to female infertility. [Ca2+ ]i oscillations are required for mitochondrial energy supplement transition from the resting to the excited state, but the underlying mechanisms are still very little known. Three mitochondrial Ca2+ channels, Mitochondria Calcium Uniporter (MCU), Na+ /Ca2+ Exchanger (NCLX) and Voltage-dependent Ca2+ Channel (VDAC), were deactivated by inhibitors RU360, CGP37157 and Erastin, respectively. Both Erastin and CGP37157 inhibited mitochondrial activity significantly while attenuating [Ca2+ ]i and [Ca2+ ]m oscillations, which caused developmental block of pronuclear formation. Thus, NCLX and VDAC are two mitochondria-associated Ca2+ transporter proteins regulating oocyte activation, which may be used as potential targets to treat female infertility. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: NCLX and VDAC are two mitochondria-associated Ca2+ transporter proteins regulating oocyte activation.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Canais de Cálcio/química , Feminino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Rutênio/farmacologia , Rutênio Vermelho/farmacologia , Trocador de Sódio e Cálcio/antagonistas & inibidores , Trocador de Sódio e Cálcio/metabolismo , Tiazepinas/farmacologia , Canais de Ânion Dependentes de Voltagem/antagonistas & inibidores , Canais de Ânion Dependentes de Voltagem/metabolismo
16.
Cell Discov ; 6(1): 97, 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372178

RESUMO

Germ cells are vital for reproduction and heredity. However, the mechanisms underlying female germ cell development in primates, especially in late embryonic stages, remain elusive. Here, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing of 12,471 cells from whole fetal ovaries, and explored the communications between germ cells and niche cells. We depicted the two waves of oogenesis at single-cell resolution and demonstrated that progenitor theca cells exhibit similar characteristics to Leydig cells in fetal monkey ovaries. Notably, we found that ZGLP1 displays differentially expressed patterns between mouse and monkey, which is not overlapped with NANOG in monkey germ cells, suggesting its role in meiosis entry but not in activating oogenic program in primates. Furthermore, the majority of germ cell clusters that sharply express PRDM9 and SPO11 might undergo apoptosis after cyst breakdown, leading to germ cell attrition. Overall, our work provides new insights into the molecular and cellular basis of primate fetal ovary development at single-cell resolution.

17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6354, 2020 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311485

RESUMO

The formation of zygote is the beginning of mammalian life, and dynamic epigenetic modifications are essential for mammalian normal development. H3K27 di-methylation (H3K27me2) and H3K27 tri-methylation (H3K27me3) are marks of facultative heterochromatin which maintains transcriptional repression established during early development in many eukaryotes. However, the mechanism underlying establishment and regulation of epigenetic asymmetry in the zygote remains obscure. Here we show that maternal EZH2 is required for the establishment of H3K27me3 in mouse zygotes. However, combined immunostaining with ULI-NChIP-seq (ultra-low-input micrococcal nuclease-based native ChIP-seq) shows that EZH1 could partially safeguard the role of EZH2 in the formation of H3K27me2. Meanwhile, we identify that EHMT1 is involved in the establishment of H3K27me2, and that H3K27me2 might be an essential prerequisite for the following de novo H3K27me3 modification on the male pronucleus. In this work, we clarify the establishment and regulatory mechanisms of H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 in mouse zygotes.


Assuntos
Genoma , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Zigoto/metabolismo , Animais , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Epigenômica , Heterocromatina , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Masculino , Metilação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Knockout , Nuclease do Micrococo , Oogênese/fisiologia , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 2/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(49): 54773-54781, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226768

RESUMO

Potassium-ion capacitors (KICs) have received a surge of interest because of their higher reserves and lower costs of potassium than lithium. However, the cycle performance and capacity of potassium devices have been reported to be unsatisfactory. Herein, a unique crystalline MnCo2O4.5 and amorphous MnCo2S4 core/shell nanoscale flower structure grown on graphene (MCO@MCS@rGO) was synthesized by a two-step hydrothermal process and demonstrated in KICs. The MCO@MCS@rGO exhibits improved electrical conductivity and excellent structural integrity during the charging and discharging process. The reasons could be attributed to the cavity structure of MCO, the mechanical buffer and high electrolyte diffusion rate of MCS, and the auxiliary effect of graphene. The electrical conductivity of MCO@MCS shows a specific capacity of 272.3 mA h g-1 after 400 cycles at 1 A g-1 and a capacity of 125.6 mA h g-1 at 2 A g-1. Besides, the MCO@MCS@rGO and high-surface-area activated carbon in KICs exhibit a relative energy density of 85.3 W h kg-1 and a power density of 9000 W kg-1 and outstanding cycling stability with a capacity retention of 76.6% after 5000 cycles. Moreover, the reaction mechanism of MCO@MCS@rGO in the K-ion cell was investigated systematically using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, providing guidance on the further development of pseudocapacitive materials.

19.
ACS Nano ; 14(10): 13765-13774, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025784

RESUMO

Sluggish kinetics and limited reversible capacity present two major challenges for layered titanates to achieve satisfactory sodium-ion storage performance at subzero-temperatures (subzero-T). To facilitate sodiation dynamics and improve reversible capacity, we proposed an additive-free anode with Sn(II) located between layers. Sn-5s in interlayer-confining Sn(II), which has a larger negative charge, will hybridize with O-2p to trigger charge redistribution, thereby enhancing electronic conductivity. H-titanates with an open framework are designed to stabilize Sn(II) and restrain subsequent volume expansion, which could potentially surpass the capacity limitation of titanate-based materials via a joint alloying-intercalation reaction with high reversibility. Moreover, the generation of conductive Na14Sn4 and the expansion of interlayer spacing resulting from the interlayered alloying reaction are beneficial for charge transfer. These effects synergistically endow the modified sample with a considerably lower activation energy and a 3-fold increase in diffusion. Consequently, the designed anode delivers excellent subzero-T adaptability when compared to the unmodified sample, maintaining capacity retention of 91% after 1200 cycles at -20 °C and 90% after 850 cycles at -30 °C.

20.
Nanoscale ; 12(42): 21534-21559, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112936

RESUMO

The catalyst in the oxygen electrode is the core component of the aqueous metal-air battery, which plays a vital role in the determination of the open circuit potential, energy density, and cycle life of the battery. For rechargeable aqueous metal-air batteries, the catalyst should have both good oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalytic performance. Compared with precious metal catalysts, non-precious metal materials have more advantages in terms of abundant resource reserves and low prices. Over the past few years, great efforts have been made in the development of non-precious metal bifunctional catalysts. This review selectively evaluates the advantages, disadvantages and development status of recent advanced materials including pure carbon materials, carbon-based metal materials and carbon-free materials as bifunctional oxygen catalysts. Preliminary improvement strategies are formulated to make up for the deficiency of each material. The development prospects and challenges facing bifunctional catalysts in the future are also discussed.

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