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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878274

RESUMO

Despite their high theoretical energy density, the application of lithium-sulfur batteries is seriously hindered by the polysulfide shuttle and sluggish kinetics, especially with high sulfur loading and under low electrolyte usage. Herein, to facilitate the conversion of lithium polysulfides, nickel-boron (Ni-B) alloy nanoparticles, dispersed uniformly on carbon nanotube microspheres (CNTMs), are used as sulfur hosts for lithium-sulfur batteries. It is demonstrated that Ni-B alloy nanoparticles can not only anchor polysulfides through Ni-S and B-S interactions but also exhibit high electrocatalytic capability toward the conversion of intermediate polysulfide species. In addition, the intertwined CNT microspheres provide an additional conductive scaffold in response to the fast electrochemical redox. The enhanced redox kinetics is beneficial to improve the specific capacity and cycling stability of the sulfur cathode, based on the fast conversion of lithium polysulfides and effective deposition of the final sulfide products. Conclusively, the S/Ni-B/CNTM composite delivers a high specific capacity (1112.7 mAh gs-1) along with good cycle performance under both high sulfur loading (8.3 mg cm-2) and a lean electrolyte (3 µL mgs-1). Consequently, this study opens up a path to design new sulfur hosts toward lithium-sulfur batteries.

3.
Org Lett ; 23(6): 2147-2152, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662211

RESUMO

Mizoroki-Heck reaction of unstrained aryl ketone with acrylate/styrene is accomplished via palladium-catalyzed ligand-promoted C-C bond cleavage. Various (hetero)aryl ketones are compatible in the reaction, affording the alkene product in good to excellent yields. Further applications in the late-stage olefination of some drugs, natural products, and fragrance-derived aryl ketones demonstrate the synthetic utility of this protocol. By employing ketone as both the directing group and the leaving group, 1,2-bifunctionalization is achieved via sequential ortho-C-H alkylation/ipso-Heck olefination.

4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 160: 130-142, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486203

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is an important post-transcriptional regulation strategy that can increase the proteome diversity and regulate mRNA level in eukaryote. Multi-exon genes can be alternative spliced to generate two or more transcripts, thereby increasing the adaptation to the external stress conditions in planta. However, AS-related proteins were less explored in cassava which is an important staple crop in the tropical area. A total of 365 genes encoding AS-related proteins were identified and renamed in the cassava genome, and the transcriptional and splicing changes of 15 randomly selected genes were systematically investigated in the tissues under diverse abiotic stress conditions. 13 out of 15 genes undergo AS in the tissues and under diverse environmental stress condition. Importantly, the greatest changes of splicing patterns were found in the leaf or in response to temperature stress, indicating that AS-related proteins had their tissue-specific regulation patterns and might be participated in the plant adaptation to temperature stress. We then found that overexpression of MeSCL30 in Arabidopsis enhanced the tolerance to drought stress through maintaining reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis and increasing the expression of drought-responsive genes. Therefore, these findings refined the AS-related protein-coding genes and provided novel insights for manipulation of AS-related genes in order to enhance the resistance to environmental stress in plant.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Manihot/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Manihot/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1567, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452392

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) contributes to the pathophysiological process of coronary artery disease (CAD). The expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) in EAT of patients with CAD have not been well characterized. We conducted high-throughput RNA sequencing to analyze the expression profiles of lncRNA in EAT of patients with CAD compared to patients without CAD. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were executed to investigate the principal functions of the significantly dysregulated mRNAs. We confirmed a dysregulated intergenic lncRNA (lincRNA) (LINC00968) by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Subsequently, we constructed a ceRNA network associated with LINC00968, which included 49 mRNAs. Compared with the control group, lncRNAs and genes of EAT in CAD were characterized as metabolic active and pro-inflammatory profiles. The sequencing analysis detected 2539 known and 1719 novel lncRNAs. Then, we depicted both lncRNA and gene signatures of EAT in CAD, featuring dysregulation of genes involved in metabolism, nuclear receptor transcriptional activity, antigen presentation, chemokine signaling, and inflammation. Finally, we identified a ceRNA network as candidate modulator in EAT and its potential role in CAD. We showed the expression profiles of specific EAT lncRNA and mRNA in CAD, and a selected non-coding associated ceRNA regulatory network, which taken together, may contribute to a better understanding of CAD mechanism and provide potential therapeutic targets.Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, No. ChiCTR1900024782.

6.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 37(4): 314-323, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336524

RESUMO

The current study aims to explore the miRNA changes that occur in the serum of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and healthy controls using a microarray technique, thereby exploring the potential biomarkers in the diagnosis of CHD and the underlying mechanism. Clinical data were reviewed, and venous blood samples were collected from 66 cases of CHD and 58 cases of healthy controls. MicroRNA-wide expression profiling identified 16 miRNAs that were aberrantly decreased by ~2-fold in the serum of patients with CHD compared to that of healthy controls. RT-PCR analysis indicated that the expression of miR-3129-5p was increased the most in patients with CHD compared with that of controls. Moreover, serum miR-3129-5p was found to be highest in the severe stenosis group, followed by the moderate stenosis group and mild stenosis group. ROC analysis showed that serum miR-3129-5p could differentiate patients with CHD from controls. Further study showed that mTOR was a target gene of miR-3129-5p. Western blot assays demonstrated that miR-3129-5p significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of S6 but increased LC3II/LC3I and Beclin1 levels. Consistently, GFP-LC3 and TEM assays indicated that miR-3129 increased autophagy puncta in H9C2 cells. More importantly, silencing mTOR significantly decreased the expression of p-S6 but increased LC3II/LC3I and Beclin expression even in H9C2 cells transfected with miR-3129-5p inhibitor, indicating that miR-3129-5p-induced cell autophagy was mediated via mTOR in H9C2 cells. In summary, elevated serum miR-3129-5p contributes to CHD by targeting mTOR signaling and may be a therapeutic target in the treatment of CHD.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(11): 3597-3604, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300708

RESUMO

We investigated soil C:N:P stoichiometry and nutrient dynamics of Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations at different stand ages (5, 8, 21, 27 and 40 years old) in Fujian Baisha Fores-try Farm. We measured the concentrations of soil total carbon (TC), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), total potassium (TK), total calcium (Ca), total magnesium (Mg), and soil C:N:P stoichiometry at 0-10, 10-20, and 20-40 cm soil layers during different growth stages. The results showed that soil TC and TN concentrations and C:N remained unchanged during stand development. Soil TP content showed an increase-decrease-increase trend with increasing stand ages. Soil TP content was lowest, whereas C:P and N:P were highest at the mature stage of C. lanceolate plantation in the 0-10 and 10-20 cm soil layers. However, soil TP content showed no significant differences in all stand ages at the 20-40 cm soil layer. The contents of Ca and Mg were lowest at the mature stage of C. lanceolata stand. The TC was positively correlated with soil C:N, C:P and N:P. The TP was significantly and negatively correlated with soil C:P and N:P. Soil TP was a key factor regulating soil C:P and N:P stoichiometry. The development of mature plantation was mainly limited by soil P availability. To sustain the development of C. lanceolata plantations and improve nutrient cycling, phosphorus fertilizer could be applied during the rapid growth period of C. lanceolata. In addition, an appropriate extension of the rotation period of C. lanceolata plantation could facilitate soil nutrient restoration.

8.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e13869, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264484

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading across the world. As the first country who suffered from the outbreak, China has been taking strict and effective measures to contain the epidemic and treat the disease under instruction of updating guidance. AIMS: To compare the changes and updates in China's clinical guidance for COVID-19. METHODS: We explored the China's experience in dealing with the epidemic by longitudinal comparison of China's clinical guidance for COVID-19. RESULTS: As of March 4, there are 7 editions of the guidance. With the increasing understanding of COVID-19, changes have been made in etiology, epidemiology, pathology, clinical features, diagnostic criteria, clinical classification, and treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We have made a summary of the changes and updates in China's clinical guidance for COVID-19, which mirrors the deepening understanding of the disease over the course of fighting it, hoping to help clinicians worldwide.

9.
J Comput Biol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185458

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwide. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential biomarkers and key regulatory pathways related to HCC using integrated bioinformatic analysis and validation. The microarray data of GSE12717 and GSE54238 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. A competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed based on potential long-noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-microRNA (miRNA)-mRNA interactions. A total of 191 mRNAs, 8 miRNAs, and 5 lncRNAs were selected to construct the ceRNA network. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were used to predict their biological functions. The PI3K-Akt signaling pathway was significantly enriched. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis based on the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database was conducted for the weighted mRNAs and lncRNAs. The results showed that SRC, GMPS, CDK2, FEN1, EZH2, ZWINT, MTHFD1L, GINS2, and MAPKAPK5-AS1 were significantly upregulated in tumor tissues. The relative expression levels of these genes were significantly upregulated in HCC patients based on the StarBase database. For further validation, the expression levels of these genes were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 20 HCC tumor tissues and paired paracancerous tissues. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed that CDK2, MTHFD1L, SRC, ZWINT, and MAPKAPK5-AS1 had significant diagnostic value in HCC, but further studies are needed to explore their mechanisms in HCC.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 578020, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042094

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to characterize the complete sequence of a novel plasmid carrying tigecycline resistance gene tet(X) and carbapenemase gene bla OXA-58 from a swine Acinetobacter sp. strain SH19PTT10. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was performed using microbroth dilution method. The isolate SH19PTT10 was highly resistant (16 mg/L) to tigecycline, and also exhibited resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, ciprofloxacin, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. Although SH19PTT10 harbored bla OXA-58, it was susceptible to cefotaxime and meropenem. The genome sequence of SH19PTT10 was determined using PacBio single-molecule real-time sequencing. Plasmid pYUSHP10-1 had a size of 174,032 bp and showed partial homology to several plasmids found in Acinetobacter isolates. It contained two repA genes, putative toxin-antitoxin systems (HipA/HipB, RelE/RelB, and BrnT/BrnA), partitioning genes (parA and parB), and heavy metal resistance-associated genes (copA/copB, nrp, and czcA/czcD) but the transfer region or proteins was not found. pYUSHP10-1 carried 16 resistance genes, mainly clustered in two mosaic multiresistance regions (MRRs). The first MRR contained sul3, qacI-aadA1-clmA1-aadA2-blaCARB-2-dfrA16 cassette, aac(3)-IId, and bla OXA-58. The bla OXA-58 gene was associated with ISAba3, as previously described. The second MRR is the tet(X) region (ISAcsp12-aph(3')-Ia-IS26-ΔxerD-tet(X)-res-ISCR2-sul2) related to the corresponding region in other tet(X)-bearing plasmids. The pdif sites, as well as mobile elements, play an important role in mobilization of DNA modules and plasmid evolution. Coexistence of numerous resistance genes on a single plasmid may contribute to the dissemination of these genes under pressure posed by different agents, which may explain the presence of clinically crucial resistance genes tet(X) and bla OXA-58 in livestock. Thus, rational drug use and continued surveillance of tet(X) and bla OXA-58 in livestock are warranted.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21420, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early gastric cancer is the fifth common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer death throughout the world. However, it is not clear how endoscopic screening for early gastric cancer affects incidence or mortality. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between endoscopic screening for the mortality and incidence of early gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This protocol established in this study has been reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols. Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for cohort and case-control studies in cases without early gastric cancer until March 31, 2020. We will use a combination of Medical Subject Heading and free-text terms with various synonyms to search based on the Eligibility criteria. Two investigators independently reviewed the included studies and extracted relevant data. The relative risk and 95% confidence intervals were used as effect estimate. I-square test, substantial heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias assessment will be performed accordingly. Stata 15.0 and Review Manger 5.3 are used for meta-analysis and systematic review. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The results of this review will be widely disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. This evidence may also provide helpful evidence of whether endoscopic screening would reduce the mortality and incidence of early gastric cancer. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020171053.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Gastroscopia , Imagem de Banda Estreita , Projetos de Pesquisa , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
12.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2020: 7490942, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774915

RESUMO

Background: Coronary slow flow (CSF) refers to the phenomenon of delayed distal flow in the absence of lesions detected on coronary angiography. Although the detection rate of CSF has been increasing in clinical practice, early diagnosis is difficult and the factors contributing to this condition remain unclear. Given the increasing demonstration of the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in disease and as diagnostic biomarkers, the aim of this study was to analyze the expression of serum miRNA-22 in patients with CSF detected using coronary angiography and its diagnostic efficacy. Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis including 44 patients with CSF and 42 patients with normal coronary flow (control group) was conducted. Additionally, all included patients either did not have visually estimated coronary artery stenosis or had <50% stenosis. Plasma samples were collected from patients in these two groups, and the levels of miRNA-22 were detected. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of serum miRNA-22 in the context of CSF. Results: The expression of serum miRNA-22 was significantly higher in the CSF patients than in the control subjects (P < 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for miRNA-22 in diagnosing CSF was 0.8293 (95% confidence interval: 0.7313-0.9272), with a sensitivity of 75.0% and specificity of 88.1%. Conclusions: The expression of serum miRNA-22 in CSF is upregulated compared to that in subjects with normal coronary flow and shows relatively high clinical diagnostic efficiency, suggesting a new potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of CSF.

13.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(551)2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641490

RESUMO

Clinical advancement of the bioartificial liver is hampered by the lack of expandable human hepatocytes and appropriate bioreactors and carriers to encourage hepatic cells to function during extracorporeal circulation. We have recently developed an efficient approach for derivation of expandable liver progenitor-like cells from human primary hepatocytes (HepLPCs). Here, we generated immortalized and functionally enhanced HepLPCs by introducing FOXA3, a hepatocyte nuclear factor that enables potentially complete hepatic function. When cultured on macroporous carriers in an air-liquid interactive bioartificial liver (Ali-BAL) support device, the integrated cells were alternately exposed to aeration and nutrition and grew to form high-density three-dimensional constructs. This led to highly efficient mass transfer and supported liver functions such as albumin biosynthesis and ammonia detoxification via ureagenesis. In a porcine model of drug overdose-induced acute liver failure (ALF), extracorporeal Ali-BAL treatment for 3 hours prevented hepatic encephalopathy and led to markedly improved survival (83%, n = 6) compared to ALF control (17%, n = 6, P = 0.02) and device-only (no-cell) therapy (0%, n = 6, P = 0.003). The blood ammonia concentrations, as well as the biochemical and coagulation indices, were reduced in Ali-BAL-treated pigs. Ali-BAL treatment attenuated liver damage, ameliorated inflammation, and enhanced liver regeneration in the ALF porcine model and could be considered as a potential therapeutic avenue for patients with ALF.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(15): 6475-6481, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687715

RESUMO

The nodal-line semimetal is a new type of topological state of matter in which the crossing of two energy bands forms a nodal loop. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling, Mg3Bi2 is predicted as a type II nodal-line semimetal, which may evolve to a topological insulator with a small energy gap of ∼35 meV in the presence of spin-orbit coupling. However, the transport evidence is still lacking. Here, we measure the magneto-transport in Mg3Bi2. At low temperatures, the magnetoconductivity exhibits a weak antilocalization behavior. We fit the experimental data with a magnetoconductivity formula for the weak antilocalization effect of three-dimensional nodal-line semimetals as well as the well-known Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka formula for two-dimensional weak (anti)localization effects. By comparing the fitting results of these two theories, we demonstrate that the weak antilocalization in Mg3Bi2 is better described by the theory for nodal-line semimetals. Our work will inspire more explorations to use the new weak localization theory to identify a large spectrum of nodal-line semimetals.

15.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 30(5): 447-450, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555069

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current study aimed to explore the role of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and serum pepsinogen (PG) levels in the occurrence of metachronous gastric cancer after endoscopic gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 50 patients with metachronous gastric cancer, 50 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis and 50 healthy subjects were collected from October 2015 to October 2018. Patients in the gastric cancer group underwent endoscopic gastrectomy. Serum samples were collected for detection and correlation analysis of serum PG I, PG II, and Hp. In addition, the contents of serum PG and gastrin and postoperative adverse events were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in serum PG I levels, positive Hp infection rate, the number of mast cells, plasma motilin levels and postoperative adverse events among the 3 groups (P<0.01). There was also a significant difference in PG II levels among the groups (P<0.05). On the basis of the results, the amount of inflammatory cells in the gastric cancer group was significantly higher than that in the gastritis group, and there was a remarkable difference in gastric cancer patients before and after operation. Through data analysis, it was found that the levels of PG I and II were the highest in the healthy control group and the lowest in the gastric cancer group, the number of mast cells was the largest in the gastric cancer group, and the level of motilin was the highest in the healthy control group. CONCLUSION: Hp infection and serum PG levels are associated with metachronous gastric cancer.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; 313: 123648, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563791

RESUMO

High-solid anaerobic digestion (AD) faces the problems of easy acidification and low methane production efficiency. In this study, activated carbon (AC)-enhanced direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) was investigated to overcome such problems. Results showed the conversion of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) into methane rate was increased with AC addition, which led improved methane production efficiency. The methane yields from the early AD stage improved by 124.0-146.3% with AC addition. The T80 shortened by 8-9 days with AC addition. The relative abundances of Geobacter, Syntrophomonas and Methanosaeta that associated with DIET improved for 63.65%, 256.3% and 4.35% by AC addition, which reflected the enhanced DIET with AC addition. The redox activity of AC might be responsible for the enhanced DIET. This study would advance the understanding of DIET and provide a potential solution to the problems existed in high-solid AD.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Elétrons , Metano
17.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 13(6): 944-952, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378163

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia with diverse etiology that remarkably relates to high morbidity and mortality. With the advancements in intensive clinical and basic research, the understanding of electrophysiological and pathophysiological mechanism, as well as treatment of AF have made huge progress. However, many unresolved issues remain, including the core mechanisms and key intervention targets. Big data approach has produced new insights into the improvement of the situation. A large amount of data have been accumulated in the field of AF research, thus using the big data to achieve prevention and precise treatment of AF may be the direction of future development. In this review, we will discuss the current understanding of big data and explore the potential applications of big data in AF research, including predictive models of disease processes, disease heterogeneity, drug safety and development, precision medicine, and the potential source for big data acquisition. Grapical abstract.

18.
New Phytol ; 228(1): 179-193, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406528

RESUMO

C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factor sensitive to proton rhizotoxicity 1 (STOP1) plays an essential role in aluminium (Al) resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana by controlling the expression of a set of Al-resistance genes, including the malate transporter-encoding gene A. thaliana aluminium activated malate transporter 1 (AtALMT1) that is critically required for Al resistance. STOP1 is suggested to be modulated by Al at post-transcriptional and/or post-translational levels. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be demonstrated. We carried out a forward genetic screen on an ethyl methanesulphonate mutagenized population, which contains the AtALMT1 promoter-driven luciferase reporter gene (pAtALMT1:LUC), and identified hyperrecombination protein 1 (HPR1), which encodes a subunit of the THO/TREX complex. We investigate the effect of hpr1 mutations on the expression of Al-resistance genes and Al resistance, and we also examined the regulatory role of HPR1 in nuclear messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein accumulation of STOP1 gene. Mutation of HPR1 reduces the expression of STOP1-regulated genes and the associated Al resistance. The hpr1 mutations increase STOP1 mRNA retention in the nucleus and consequently decrease STOP1 protein abundance. Mutation of regulation of AtALMT1 expression 1 (RAE1) that mediates STOP1 degradation in the hpr1 mutant background can partially rescue the deficient phenotypes of hpr1 mutants. Our results demonstrate that HPR1 modulates Al resistance partly through the regulation of nucleocytoplasmic STOP1 mRNA export.

19.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2020: 7361434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411450

RESUMO

Aim: The slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon was characterized by delayed perfusion of epicardial arteries, and no obvious coronary artery lesion in coronary angiography. The prognosis of patients with slow coronary flow was poor. However, there is lack of rapid, simple, and accurate method for SCF diagnosis. This study aimed to explore the utility of plasma choline as a diagnostic biomarker for SCF. Methods: Patients with coronary artery stenosis <40% evaluated by the coronary angiogram method were recruited in this study and were grouped into normal coronary flow (NCF) and SCF by thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (TFC). Plasma choline concentrations of patients with NCF and SCF were quantified by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Correlation analysis was performed between plasma choline concentration and TFC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis with or without confounding factor adjustment was applied to predict the diagnostic power of plasma choline in SCF. Results: Forty-four patients with SCF and 21 patients with NCF were included in this study. TFC in LAD, LCX, and RCA and mean TFC were significantly higher in patients with SCF in comparison with patients with NCF (32.67 ± 8.37 vs. 20.66 ± 3.41, P < 0.01). Plasma choline level was obviously higher in patients with SCF when compared with patients with NCF (754.65 ± 238.18 vs. 635.79 ± 108.25, P=0.007). Plasma choline level had significantly positive correlation with Mean TFC (r = 0.364, P=0.002). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that choline with or without confounding factor adjustment had an AUC score of 0.65 and 0.77, respectively. Conclusions: TFC were closely related with plasma choline level, and plasma choline can be a suitable and stable diagnostic biomarker for SCF.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(34): 14388-14393, 2020 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463551

RESUMO

The coupling of aromatic electrophiles (aryl halides, aryl ethers, aryl acids, aryl nitriles etc.) with nucleophiles is a core methodology for the synthesis of aryl compounds. Transformations of aryl ketones in an analogous manner via carbon-carbon bond activation could greatly expand the toolbox for the synthesis of aryl compounds due to the abundance of aryl ketones. An exploratory study of this approach is typically based on carbon-carbon cleavage triggered by ring-strain release and chelation assistance, and the products are also limited to a specific structural motif. Here we report a ligand-promoted ß-carbon elimination strategy to activate the carbon-carbon bonds, which results in a range of transformations of aryl ketones, leading to useful aryl borates, and also to biaryls, aryl nitriles, and aryl alkenes. The use of a pyridine-oxazoline ligand is crucial for this catalytic transformation. A gram-scale borylation reaction of an aryl ketone via a simple one-pot operation is reported. The potential utility of this strategy is also demonstrated by the late-stage diversification of drug molecules probenecid, adapalene, and desoxyestrone, the fragrance tonalid as well as the natural product apocynin.

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