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1.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041370

RESUMO

To explore Auricularia auricula-judae polysaccharides (AAP) as natural anticoagulants for application in the functional food industry, ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) was optimized for the extraction of AAP by using a response surface methodology (RSM). The maximum extraction yield of crude AAP (14.74 mg/g) was obtained at the optimized extraction parameters as follows: Extraction temperature (74 °C), extraction time (27 min), the ratio of liquid to raw material (103 mL/g), and ultrasound power (198 W). Furthermore, the acidic AAP (aAAP) was precipitated with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) from crude AAP (cAAP). aAAP was further purified using ion exchange chromatography with a DEAE Purose 6 Fast Flow column to obtain aAAP-1. Additionally, according to the HPLC analysis, the aAAP-1 was mainly composed of mannose, glucuronic acid, glucose, galactose, and xylose, with a molar ratio of 80.63:9.88:2.25:1:31.13. Moreover, the results of the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin time (TT) indicated aAAP-1 had anticoagulant activity, which was a synergic anticoagulant activity by the endogenous and exogenous pathway.

2.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 14, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of free tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment, TB care still generates substantial costs that push people into poverty. We investigated out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for TB care and assessed the resulting economic burden and economic consequences for those with varying levels of household income in eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among TB patients in the national TB programme networks in eastern China. TB-related direct OOP costs, time loss, and coping strategies were investigated across households in different economic strata. Analysis of Variance was used to examine the differences in various costs, and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the difference in total costs as a percentage of annual household income. RESULTS: Among 435 patients, the mean OOP total costs of TB care were USD 2389.5. In the lower-income quartile, OOP payments were lower, but costs as a percentage of reported annual household income were higher. Medical costs and costs prior to treatment accounted for 66.4 and 48.9% of the total costs, respectively. The lower the household income was, the higher the proportion of medical costs to total costs before TB treatment, but the lower the proportion of medical costs patients spent in the intensive phase. TB care caused 25.8% of TB-affected households to fall below the poverty line and caused the poverty gap (PG) to increase by United States Dollar (USD) 145.6. Patients in the poorest households had the highest poverty headcount ratio (70.2%) and PG (USD 236.1), but those in moderately poor households had the largest increase in the poverty headcount ratio (36.2%) and PG (USD 177.8) due to TB care. Patients from poor households were more likely to borrow money to cope with the costs of TB care; however, there were fewer social consequences, except for food insecurity, in poor households. CONCLUSIONS: Medical and pretreatment costs lead to high costs of TB care, especially among patients from the poorest households. It is necessary to train health system staff in general hospitals to promptly identify and refer TB patients. Pro-poor programmes are also needed to protect TB patients from the medical poverty trap.


Assuntos
Gastos em Saúde , Seguro Saúde/economia , Pobreza , Tuberculose/economia , Adulto , China , Feminino , Financiamento Pessoal , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086545

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) have a high risk of early recurrence and postoperative rebleeding. This study compared the clinical outcomes and complications between endovascular intervention with low-profile visualized intraluminal support (LVIS) stent-assisted coiling and the surgical clipping in patients with BBAs. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 39 patients with BBAs who underwent endovascular intervention with LVIS stent-assisted coiling (n = 21) or surgical clipping (n = 18) between January 2013 and July 2018. Primary outcomes were mortality and modified Rankin scale (mRS). Secondary outcomes were hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) stay and operation parameters. Complications were also retrospectively collated. RESULTS: At baseline, the two groups were well balanced in patient characteristics. The hospital stays, ICU stays, operation time and intraoperative infusion volume were all significantly lower in LVIS group than that in clipping group (p < 0.05). A second operation was performed in 6 cases in the clipping group but none in the LVIS group (p = 0.006). The mean mRS score in the LVIS group was significantly lower than that of the clipping group both at hospital discharge and final follow-up (p < 0.001). Adverse outcomes occurred in 1 case in LVIS group and 7 in clipping group, with significant difference (p = 0.015). Complications were reported in 8 cases in LVIS group and 16 cases in clipping group, with significant difference (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The endovascular intervention with LVIS stent-assisted coiling has better prognosis than surgical clipping. It decreased the risk of a second operation and procedure-related complications compared with surgical clipping.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087972

RESUMO

In both normal turnover of the hepatic tissue and acute hepatic injury, the liver predominantly activates terminally differentiated hepatocytes to proliferate and repair. However, in chronic and severe chronic injury, this capacity fails, and liver progenitor cells (LPCs) can give rise to hepatocytes to restore both hepatic architecture and liver metabolic function. Although the promotion of LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation to acquire a considerable number of functional hepatocytes could serve as a potentially new therapeutic option for patients with end-stage liver disease, its development first requires the identification of the molecular mechanisms driving this process. Here, we found that the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), a progenitor cell marker, regulates the differentiation of LPCs into hepatocytes through Notch1 signaling pathway. Western blotting (WB) revealed a consistent expression pattern of EpCAM and Notch1 during LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro. Additionally, overexpression of EpCAM blocked LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation, which was in consistent with the repressive role of Notch signaling during hepatic differentiation. WB and immunofluorescence data also showed that the upregulation of EpCAM expression increased the generation of Notch intracellular domain (N1ICD), indicating the promotion of Notch1 activity. Our results established the EpCAM-Notch1 signaling axis as an inhibitory mechanism preventing LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 5909-5919, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944646

RESUMO

Effective hosts of sulfur are essential for the application of lithium-sulfur batteries. However, various refined nanomaterials or carbon-based hosts possess low density, high surface area, and large porosity, leading to undesirable reduction on both gravimetric and volumetric energy densities. Herein, spherical metal oxides with high tap density are introduced as carbon-free hosts of sulfur for the first time. The ternary oxides show a superior synergistic effect of adsorption and electrocatalytic conversion of soluble intermediate polysulfides. Besides, oxide microspheres can build stable conductive frameworks and open channels in porous electrodes for fast transport of electrons and active diffusion of electrolyte. Such a synergistic effect and unique structural feature of porous electrodes are favorable for achieving good utilization and stable cycle performance of the sulfur cathode. Typically, the S/LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 composite exhibits good cycle stability with a low capacity decay rate (0.057% per cycle) during 500 cycles at 0.1 C. Importantly, due to the high tap density (1.81 g cm-3), the S/LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 composite delivers a larger volumetric capacity (1601.9 mAh cm-3-composite), almost 2.3 times of S/carbon composite (689.4 mAh cm-3-composite). Therefore, this work provides a feasible strategy to reach long life and high volumetric capacity of cathode based on metal oxides as sulfur hosts.

6.
Oncol Rep ; 43(2): 405-414, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894341

RESUMO

Living tumors are of great scientific value for clinical medicine and basic research, especially for drug testing. An increasing number of drug tests fail due to the use of imperfect models. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel method combining vitrification­based cryopreservation of tumor biopsies and precision­cut slice cultivation for the assessment of anticancer drug responses. Biological characteristics of rectal cancer liver metastasis biopsies could be retained by vitrification­based cryopreservation. The patient­derived xenograft models were successfully established using both fresh and warmed biopsy tissues. Precision­cut slicing provided a similar three­dimensional architecture and heterogeneity to the original tumor. The positive drug responses in the xenograft model were consistent with those in precision­cut slice cultures in vitro. The present study demonstrated that live tumor biopsies could be preserved using vitrification­based cryopreservation. The warmed tissues developed xenograft tumors, which were also useful for either in vivo or in vitro anticancer drug testing. Precision­cut slices derived from the warmed tissues provided an efficient tool to assess anticancer drug response in vitro.

7.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 61(1): 178-191, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596482

RESUMO

Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins have an essential role in the splicing of pre-messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) in eukaryote. Pre-mRNA with introns can be alternatively spliced to generate multiple transcripts, thereby increasing adaptation to the external stress conditions in planta. However, pre-mRNA of SR proteins can also be alternatively spliced in different plant tissues and in response to diverse stress treatments, indicating that SR proteins might be involved in regulating plant development and adaptation to environmental changes. We identified and named 18 SR proteins in cassava and systematically studied their splicing and transcriptional changes under tissue-specific and abiotic stress conditions. Fifteen out of 18 SR genes showed alternative splicing in the tissues. 45 transcripts were found from 18 SR genes under normal conditions, whereas 55 transcripts were identified, and 21 transcripts were alternate spliced in some SR genes under salt stress, suggesting that SR proteins might participate in the plant adaptation to salt stress. We then found that overexpression of MeSR34 in Arabidopsis enhanced the tolerance to salt stress through maintaining reactive oxygen species homeostasis and increasing the expression of calcineurin B-like proteins (CBL)-CBL-interacting protein kinases and osmotic stress-related genes. Therefore, our findings highlight the critical role of cassava SR proteins as regulators of RNA splicing and salt tolerance in planta.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712149

RESUMO

A novel polysaccharide (PNP80b-2) was obtained from Pinus koraiensis pine nut, which has been proved to possess good hepatoprotective effects in vitro. This study comprehensively investigated its hepatoprotective activities against different types of chemical-induced liver injury in vivo. Carbon tetrachloride, alcohol and acetaminophen were used as hepatic toxicants to establish chemical pollutant-induced liver injury (CILI) model, alcohol induced-liver injury (AILI) model and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) model, respectively. The results showed that PNP80b-2 prevented elevation of biomarkers for liver injury in each model, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total bilirubin (TBIL). The expression of cytochrome P450 in damaged hepatocytes was also downregulated. Additionally, PNP80b-2 enhanced hepatic antioxidant capacity through upregulating the expression of NRF2 and HO-1, thereby increasing superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities and decreasing malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. The uncontrolled production of inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in CILI, AILI and DILI models was also suppressed by PNP80b-2. By contrast, PNP80b-2 exerted the strongest hepatoprotection against AILI model, through improving hepatic antioxidant capacity via NRF2/ARE pathway and regulating inflammation response. Thus, PNP80b-2 is a promising functional food to prevent AILI.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(20)2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614589

RESUMO

MADS-box genes play a pivotal role in various processes, including floral and seed development, controlling flowering time, regulation of fruits ripening, and respond to abiotic and biotic stressors in planta. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) has been widely used as a model plant for analyzing the gene function, however, there has been less information on the regulation of flowering, and the associated genes. In the present study, a total of 168 NtMADS-box genes were identified from tobacco, and their phylogenetic relationship, chromosome locations, and gene structures were further analyzed. NtMADS-box genes can be clustered into four sub-families of Mα, Mγ, MIKC*, and MIKCC. A total of 111 NtMADS-box genes were distributed on 20 chromosomes, and 57 NtMADS-box genes were located on the unanchored scaffolds due to the complex and incomplete assembly of the tobacco genome. Expression profiles of NtMADS-box genes by microarray from 23 different tissues indicated that members in different NtMADS-box gene subfamilies might play specific roles in the growth and flower development, and the transcript levels of 24 NtMADS-box genes were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. Importantly, overexpressed NtSOC1/NtMADS133 could promote early flowering and dwarfism in transgenic tobacco plants. Therefore, our findings provide insights on the characterization of NtMADS-box genes to further study their functions in plant development.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Tabaco/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Evolução Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tabaco/genética
10.
Brain Res Bull ; 153: 214-222, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499089

RESUMO

Many neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease, are associated with microvascular dysfunction, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested to be involved in the microvascular dysfunction and subsequent memory impairment. MicroRNA-124 (miR-124) is one of the most abundant miRNAs in the brain that is dysregulated in the hippocampus of AD animals. To explore the role of miR-124 in AD pathology, we employed the APP/PS1 transgenic mice and found downregulation of miR-124 and upregulation of complement C1q-like protein 3 (C1ql3) in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Downregulation of miR-124 expression resulted in Aß deposition and a variety of cerebromicrovascular impairments, including the decline in microvascular density, reduced angiogenesis, accompanied by C1ql3 alteration. Treatment with lentivirus-mediated overexpression of miR-124 or the C1q inhibitor C1INH rescued breakdown of blood-brain barrier, promoted angiogenesis and reduced Aß deposition, and finally alleviated learning and memory deficit in APP/PS1 mice. Moreover, we found that C1ql3, a component of the classical complement, might be a potential target of miR-124. These results suggested that miR-124 was involved in the angiogenesis and vascular integrity in the hippocampus and the cerebral cortex of the AD mice by regulating the classical complement C1ql3.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 223: 115056, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427004

RESUMO

A new purified polysaccharide (PNP40c-1) with a molecular weight of 2.06 × 105 Da was obtained from pine nuts (Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc.). Structural analysis indicated that PNP40c-1 is a homogeneous heteropolysaccharide composed of arabinose, rhamnose and glucose in a molar ratio of 2.98:1.00:0.52. The major backbone consisted of →3,4)-α-l-Arap(1→, →4)-α-l-Arap3Me(1→, →3)-α-l-Rhap(1→ and →6)-ß-d-Glcp(1→, and the side chain is ß-d-Glcp-(1→ linked at C4-position of →3,4)-α-l-Arap(1→. In addition, the hepatoprotective effect of PNP40c-1 was investigated by human hepatocyte cell line L02 treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Results suggested that PNP40c-1 could protect L02 cells from CCl4-induced damage by enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), increasing the level of non-enzymatic antioxidant glutathione (GSH), suppressing lipid perioxidation and further reducing the leakage of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Hence, PNP40c-1 could be a promising functional food to serve as hepatoprotective agent.


Assuntos
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia , Nozes/química , Pinus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Sequência de Carboidratos , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Carboidratos da Dieta/isolamento & purificação , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Substâncias Protetoras/isolamento & purificação , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
12.
Neural Regen Res ; 14(12): 2095-2103, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397347

RESUMO

Cerebral ventricular infection (CVI) is one of the most dangerous complications in neurosurgery because of its high mortality and disability rates. Few studies have examined the application of neuroendoscopic surgical techniques (NESTs) to assess and treat CVI. This multicenter, retrospective study was conducted using clinical data of 32 patients with CVI who were assessed and treated by NESTs in China. The patients included 20 men and 12 women with a mean age of 42.97 years. NESTs were used to obliterate intraventricular debris and pus, fenestrate or incise the intraventricular compartment and reconstruct cerebrospinal fluid circulation, and remove artificial material. Intraventricular irrigation with antibiotic saline was applied after neuroendoscopic surgery (NES). Secondary hydrocephalus was treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy or a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Neuroendoscopic findings of CVI were used to classify patients into Grade I (n = 3), Grade II (n = 13), Grade III (n = 10), and Grade IV (n = 6) CVI. The three patients with grade I CVI underwent one NES, the 23 patients with grade II/III CVI underwent two NESs, and patients with grade IV CVI underwent two (n = 3) or three (n = 3) NESs. The imaging features and grades of neuroendoscopy results were positively related to the number of neurosurgical endoscopic procedures. Two patients died of multiple organ failure and the other 30 patients fully recovered. Among the 26 patients with secondary hydrocephalus, 18 received ventriculoperitoneal shunt and 8 underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy. There were no recurrences of CVI during the 6- to 76-month follow-up after NES. Application of NESTs is an innovative method to assess and treat CVI, and its neuroendoscopic classification provides an objective, comprehensive assessment of CVI. The study trial was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.

13.
Sci Adv ; 5(6): eaax3800, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31245542

RESUMO

Quantum adiabatic evolutions find a broad range of applications in quantum physics and quantum technologies. The traditional form of the quantum adiabatic theorem limits the speed of adiabatic evolution by the minimum energy gaps of the system Hamiltonian. Here, we experimentally show using a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond that, even in the presence of vanishing energy gaps, quantum adiabatic evolution is possible. This verifies a recently derived necessary and sufficient quantum adiabatic theorem and offers paths to overcome the conventionally assumed constraints on adiabatic methods. By fast modulation of dynamic phases, we demonstrate near-unit-fidelity quantum adiabatic processes in finite times. These results challenge traditional views and provide deeper understanding on quantum adiabatic processes, as well as promising strategies for the control of quantum systems.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 122(20): 200403, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172750

RESUMO

We develop theoretically and demonstrate experimentally a universal dynamical decoupling method for robust quantum sensing with unambiguous signal identification. Our method uses randomization of control pulses to simultaneously suppress two types of errors in the measured spectra that would otherwise lead to false signal identification. These are spurious responses due to finite-width π pulses, as well as signal distortion caused by π pulse imperfections. For the cases of nanoscale nuclear-spin sensing and ac magnetometry, we benchmark the performance of the protocol with a single nitrogen vacancy center in diamond against widely used nonrandomized pulse sequences. Our method is general and can be combined with existing multipulse quantum sensing sequences to enhance their performance.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 116: 109010, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136950

RESUMO

The most essential tools for studying drug hepatotoxicity, liver diseases, and bioartificial livers have always been models that can recapitulate liver physiology in vitro. The liver progenitor cell line HepaRG represents an effective surrogate of the primary hepatocyte. However, the differentiation of HepaRG relies on long-term induction using a high concentration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which may compromise the research of drug metabolism and restrict the applicability of this hepatic model. Here, we present a novel hepatic maturation medium (HMM) for the differentiation of HepaRG, which is based on a cocktail of soluble molecules that mimick the in vivo environment. We showed that HMM could rapidly (about nine days) induce HepaRG differentiation into polarized hepatocytes with maturely metabolic functions. In addition, under three-dimensional culture conditions, the hepatic spheroids showed multiple liver functions and toxicity profiles close to those of primary human hepatocytes (PHH). Our work demonstrates the utility of HMM as an alternative to the DMSO-dependent differentiation protocol for HepaRG; moreover, these results facilitate the application of HepaRG.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultura/química , Hepatócitos/citologia , Fígado/citologia , Linhagem Celular , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Humanos
16.
Eur J Histochem ; 63(2)2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060348

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is usually accompanied by synaptic loss in both the hippocampus and neocortex. In the early stage of AD, amyloid ß-induced synapse changes is the main reason, while in the later stage, the accumulation of Tau protein promotes synapse degeneration as the key factor leading to dementia. MicroRNA (miRNA) is closely related to the expression changes of many AD-related genes. One of the most abundant brain-enriched miRNAs is miR-132, which has been shown to regulate both neuron morphogenesis and plasticity. It has been reported that miR-132 is significantly reduced in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. Genetic deletion of miR-132 in mice promotes Aß deposition, leading to impaired memory and enhanced Tau pathology, but how the miRNA-mediated gene expression dysregulation contributes to AD pathology remains unclear. Here we found the possible downstream target of miR-132 by in silico analysis, namely C1q. C1q is the primary protein of classical complement cascade, which is highly expressed in the synaptic regions of the central nervous system in Alzheimer's patients. However, it is not clear whether miR-132 plays a role in AD through regulating C1q. To address this question, the APP/PS1 transgenic mice were transfected with miR-132 and given C1 inhibitors. Behavior tests were conducted to assess memory and cognitive abilities seven days after administration. In addition, we analyzed the expression of PSD95, Synapsin-1 and phosphorylated (p)-Synapsin. We found that the expression levels of the synaptic proteins treated with miR-132 or C1INH were significantly increased compared with the AD group. Further RT-qPCR result suggested that miR-132 might regulate C1q expression in AD.


Assuntos
Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Complemento C1q/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Presenilina-1/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Animais , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Complemento C1q/antagonistas & inibidores , Complemento C1q/genética , Proteína 4 Homóloga a Disks-Large/genética , Proteína 4 Homóloga a Disks-Large/metabolismo , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Sinapsinas/genética , Sinapsinas/metabolismo
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(20): 18427-18435, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063353

RESUMO

A lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is widely regarded as one of the most promising technologies for energy storage because of its high theoretical energy density and cost advantage. However, the shuttling of soluble polysulfides between the cathode and the anode and the consequent lithium anode degradation strongly limit the safety and electrochemical performance in the Li-S battery. Herein, a metal-organic-framework (MOF)-modified gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) is employed in a Li-S battery in order to stablize the lithium anode. In view of the abundant pores in the MOF skeleton, the as-prepared GPE not only immobilizes the large-size polysulfide anions but also cages electrolyte anions into the pores, thus facilitating a uniform flux of Li ions and homogeneous Li deposition. Cooperated with a sulfur-carbon composite cathode, the lithium with MOF-modified GPE exhibits a uniform surface morphology and dense solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film, thus delivering good cycle stability and high-rate capability.

18.
3 Biotech ; 9(4): 118, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854278

RESUMO

Extracting RNA with high quality and integrity is crucial for molecular biology studies in eukaryotes. However, RNA isolation from cassava storage root raises a great concern because it contains large amounts of polysaccharides and polyphenol compounds. In the current study, four RNA extraction methods were evaluated for extracting RNA from cassava storage root. We found that the modified TM method (MTM) is timesaving and low-cost extraction method with high quality and quantities of RNA. The effectiveness of the improved method was assessed for qPCR analysis of four selected genes from total RNA of storage root. The improved protocol generated 4.18-5.94 µg RNA/g fresh weight. An A260/280 ratios of RNA samples are ranged from 2.14 to 2.17. The RIN values are ranged from 7.2 to 8.0. Importantly, isolated total RNA by MTM was successfully used for library construction and transcriptome sequencing. Therefore, we provide an efficient and low-cost method, MTM, for extracting high quality and quantities of RNA from cassava storage root.

19.
Behav Brain Res ; 365: 157-163, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857769

RESUMO

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent mental disorder that is classified as a trauma- and stressor-related disorder. While numerous epigenetic factors are related to the risk for PTSD, the precise mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. However, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that dysregulation of microRNAs is involved in stress-related psychiatric disorders, resulting in anxiety-like behavior, memory-related deficits and aberrant neuronal plasticity. Here, rats exposed to single prolonged stress showed increased microRNA-142-5p levels in the amygdala and a concurrent reduction in the levels of its predicted target Npas4, an activity-regulated transcription factor, which was implicated in stress-related psychopathologies. In addition, the inhibition of microRNA-142 following exposure to single prolonged stress exhibited decreased anxiety-like behaviors and memory deficits, as well as increased expression of Npas4 and BDNF. Furthermore, a dual-luciferase reporter assay indicated that Npas4 was a direct downstream target of miR-142. Taken together, these data suggest that miR-142 may play a key role in the pathogenesis of stress-related psychiatric disorders.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(3): 2449-2457, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747212

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial dysfunction is the major contributing factor to hypertension. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are essential for endogenous vascular endothelial renovation. The activity and number of circulating EPCs are preserved in prehypertensive premenopausal females according to our previous research. However, the changes of EPCs in prehypertensive postmenopausal females are poorly understood, and the mechanisms responsible for the loss of the gender protection advantage of cardiovascular disease remain unexplored. In order to determine the effects of EPCs in prehypertensive postmenopausal females, the number and activity of circulating EPCs were tested in the present study. Next, the function of EPCs secreting nitric oxide (NO), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and granulocyte­macrophage colony­stimulating factor (GM­CSF), as well as their concentration in the plasma, were measured. The association between flow­mediated dilation (FMD) and EPC secretion was also assessed. Attenuation of proliferation and migration of EPCs was observed in prehypertensive patients in comparison with normotensive subjects. In addition, a reduced NO production secreted by EPCs was detected in prehypertensive patients as compared with that in normotensive patients. There was no significant difference in EPC function between postmenopausal females and age­matched males. Finally, the association between FMD and NO production was validated. Collectively, these data indicated that impaired EPCs mediated vasodilation dysfunction via decreasing NO production. Therefore, EPC function enhancement and NO level augmentation are emerging as novel therapeutic strategies for prehypertension therapy.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/patologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Pós-Menopausa , Vasodilatação , Pressão Sanguínea , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/sangue , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
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