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1.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 87, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small non-coding RNAs play critical regulatory roles in post-transcription. However, their characteristics in Trichomonas vaginalis, the causative agent of human sexually transmitted trichomoniasis, still remain to be determined. METHODS: Small RNA transcriptomes from Trichomonas trophozoites were deep sequenced using the Illumina NextSeq 500 system and comprehensively analyzed to identify Trichomonas microRNAs (miRNAs) and transfer RNA (tRNA)-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs). The tsRNA candidates were confirmed by stem-loop quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, and motifs to guide the cleavage of tsRNAs were predicted using the GLAM2 algorithm. RESULTS: The miRNAs were found to be present in T. vaginalis but at an extremely low abundance (0.0046%). Three categories of endogenous Trichomonas tsRNAs were identified, namely 5'tritsRNAs, mid-tritsRNAs and 3'tritsRNAs, with the 5'tritsRNAs constituting the dominant category (67.63%) of tsRNAs. Interestingly, the cleavage site analysis verified both conventional classes of tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) and tRNA-halves in tritsRNAs, indicating the expression of tRNA-halves in the non-stress condition. A total of 25 tritsRNAs were experimentally confirmed, accounting for 78.1% of all tested candidates. Three motifs were predicted to guide the production of tritsRNAs. The results prove the expression of tRFs and tRNA-halves in the T. vaginalis transcriptome. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of genome-wide investigation of small RNAs, particularly tsRNAs and miRNAs, from Trichomonas parasites. Our findings demonstrate the expression profile of tsRNAs in T. vaginalis, while miRNA was barely detected. These results may promote further research aimed at gaining a better understanding of the evolution of small non-coding RNA in T. vaginalis and their functions in the pathogenesis of trichomoniasis.

2.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 155, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Babesiosis is an emerging tick-borne zoonotic infectious disease. Babesia microti is responsible for most cases of human babesiosis globally. It is important to investigate the prevalence of B. microti in the mammalian host population of a specific region in order to elucidate mechanisms of pathogen transmission and to define geographic areas where humans face the greatest risk of exposure. The aim of this study is to understand the prevalence and genotypes of B. microti in the small mammals that are found in Beijing, China. METHODS: We trapped small mammals from all of the 16 urban, suburban, and outer suburban districts of Beijing during the years 2014, 2017 and 2018. Genomic DNA was extracted from the heart tissues individually and the Babesia 18S rRNA gene was detected by PCR. The genotypes of B. microti were identified based on sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis. The morphology of the parasites was observed under light microscopy. The risk factors were analyzed statistically based on both univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 1391 small mammals were collected. Positive infection of B. microti was detected in 12.1% (168/1391) of small mammals from 15 out of the 16 districts. Both Kobe-type and U.S.-type B. microti, accounting for 9.5% and 2.7%, respectively, were identified. Classic diverse morphologic forms of B. microti were observed. Specific types of ecological habitats including shrub areas, broad-leaved forest, and cropland were revealed to be risk factors associated with B. microti infection. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the wide prevalence of B. microti infection in eight species of small mammals in Beijing, with Kobe-type more prevalent than U.S.-type. This study provides fundamental information for the development of informed prevention and control measures by public health authorities; the data gathered indicates a need for further monitoring of both clinical diseases in individuals presenting with babesiosis-like symptoms, as well as the infection status of ticks in high risk areas.

3.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(11): 153212, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a malignant tumor of the hematopoietic system, which can develop at any age, with the symptoms of weakness, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes, or weight loss. Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is involved in the process of T-ALL, but the regulatory mechanism is still not known clearly. METHODS: The expression levels of NEAT1 and miR-146b-5p in T-ALL cells were performed by qRT-PCR and NOTCH1 protein level- wwWwas determined by western blot assay. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the interaction between NEAT1 and miR-146b-5p, as well as miR-146b-5p and NOTCH1. The cell proliferation was measured by using MTT assay and colony formation assay. RESULTS: The expression levels of NEAT1 were markedly increased, but miR-146b-5p levels were reduced in T-ALL cells. Knockdown of NEAT1 or overexpression of miR-146b-5p decreased NOTCH1 expression, inhibited the proliferation of T-ALL cells. MiR-146b-5p bound both NEAT1 and NOTCH1 3'-UTR directly. Finally, inhibition of miR-146b-5p could abrogate the effects of NEAT1 knockdown on the proliferation of T-ALL cells. CONCLUSION: NEAT1 promotes the proliferation of T-ALL cells by sponging miR-146b-5p to upregulate the expression of NOTCH1. The results of this study provide new insight into the action mechanism of NEAT1 modulating T-ALL progression.

4.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 45, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms are not rare among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, but there have been no reports regarding convalescent plasma therapy for the recovery of gastrointestinal problems in COVID-19 patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two cases of patients with COVID-19-associated recurrent diarrhea and positive fecal occult blood who successfully recovered after a one-time convalescent plasma administration. CONCLUSION: When COVID-19 patients develop recurrent or refractory gastrointestinal symptoms and fail to respond to the available treatment, alternative therapy with convalescent plasma administration may be considered.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diarreia/terapia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Diarreia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Recidiva , Amostragem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taiwan , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Environ Manage ; 268: 110709, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510443

RESUMO

Model evaluation is a critical component in the development and applications of environmental modeling systems. Conventional metrics such as Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient (r), root-mean-square error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE), albeit process-based and limited to point-to-point statistical comparison, have been widely used in model evaluations. In this study, we propose a network-based toolkit for evaluation of model performance and multi-model comparisons with applications to weather prediction and climate modeling. The model outputs are topologically quantified through a range of network metrics to provide a holistic measure of system dynamics. We first use this toolkit to evaluate the performance of air temperature simulated by the Weather Research and Forecasting model with station measurements over the contiguous United States (CONUS). Results of network analysis suggest a good match between simulation and measurement, as indicated by conventional metrics (r, RMSE, and MAE) as well. The sensitivity of these network metrics is then analyzed based on CONUS station measurements with additive random errors using Monte Carlo simulations. Network metrics show more sensitive and highly nonlinear responses to increasing random errors as compared to conventional ones. Moreover, we use the new toolkit for intercomparison of the downscaled historical air temperature outputs from four global climate models. The similarity in both metrics and spatial structure highlights the capability of network analysis for capturing system dynamics in models alike. The network theory is therefore promising for evaluation and intercomparison of various environmental modeling systems with complex dynamics.


Assuntos
Clima , Tempo (Meteorologia) , Previsões , Temperatura
6.
Brain Res ; 1741: 146886, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416102

RESUMO

Glioma is the most aggressive, commonly occurring brain tumor in adults. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are among the gene expression regulators in cancer development. Previous research posited that the up-regulation of LncRNA TP73-AS1 (TP73-AS1) in glioma is linked to low survival rates. However, the precise LncRNA TP73-AS1 mechanism in glioma remains unknown. Herein, we found that TP73-AS1 was up-regulated in glioma and was associated with a dismal prognosis. The silencing of TP73-AS1 repressed the multiplication of glioma cells and caused cell death. Mechanistically, we identified that TP73-AS1 in glioma acts as a ceRNA by sequestering miR-103a from GALNT7. Further, the results of this study revealed a reciprocal expression between TP73-AS1 and miR-103a, and a positive regulation between TP73-AS1 and GALNT7, validating the identified mechanism. Besides, luciferase reporter assay identified miR-103a as the direct binding site of both TP73-AS1 and GALNT7. Moreover, the findings of CCK-8 and colony-formation assays indicated that exogenous expression of GALNT7 reversed TP73-AS1-induced division inhibition of glioma cells. Altogether, our results established that TP73-AS1 facilitates the progression of glioma through competing for endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in a TP73-AS1/miR-103a/GALNT7 loop.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 19(5): 3432-3438, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266043

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to explore the role of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in directing treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MP). Serum levels of HGF were assessed using ELISA in 65 pediatric patients with MP, 42 with bacterial pneumonia and 30 healthy controls. Serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), the standard guide for MP treatment, were also examined in severe and non-severe MP. The sensitivity and specificity of HGF and CRP in assessing the outcome of azithromycin treatment of MP were compared using receiver operating characteristic curves. HGF levels were elevated in MP and bacterial pneumonia patients compared with healthy controls. HGF levels were also significantly higher in severe MP than in non-severe MP. HGF showed higher sensitivity and specificity than CRP in assessing outcomes of azithromycin treatment of MP. The results of the present study indicated that HGF may be used to detect severe MP and to direct its management. Furthermore, HGF may be better predictive marker to assess the effectiveness of azithromycin treatment of MP than CRP.

8.
Neural Regen Res ; 15(10): 1937-1946, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246643

RESUMO

Certain microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as neuroprotective factors after reperfusion/ischemia brain injury. miRNA-142-3p can participate in the occurrence and development of tumors and myocardial ischemic injury by negatively regulating the activity of Rac1, but it remains unclear whether miRNA-142-3p also participates in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. In this study, a model of oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation in primary cortical neurons was established and the neurons were transfected with miR-142-3p agomirs or miR-142-3p antagomirs. miR-142-3p expression was down-regulated in neurons when exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation. Over-expression of miR-142-3p using its agomir remarkably promoted cell death and apoptosis induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation and improved mitochondrial biogenesis and function, including the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α, mitochondrial transcription factor A, and nuclear respiratory factor 1. However, the opposite effects were produced if miR-142-3p was inhibited. Luciferase reporter assays verified that Rac Family Small GTPase 1 (Rac1) was a target gene of miR-142-3p. Over-expressed miR-142-3p inhibited NOX2 activity and expression of Rac1 and Rac1-GTPase (its activated form). miR-142-3p antagomirs had opposite effects after oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation. Our results indicate that miR-142-3p down-regulates the expression and activation of Rac1, regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and function, and inhibits oxygen-glucose deprivation damage, thus exerting a neuroprotective effect. The experiments were approved by the Committee of Experimental Animal Use and Care of Central South University, China (approval No. 201703346) on March 7, 2017.

9.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 17(1): 79-85, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current study was conducted in order to investigate the role of Forkhead box O1 and p21-mediated macrophage polarization in postoperative cognitive dysfunction induced by sevoflurane. METHODS: There involved a total of 30 healthy mice that were randomly divided into two groups: control group (without any treatment) and anaesthesia group (treated with sevoflurane inhalation). The effects of sevoflurane on cognitive function (memory) in mice were studied by trace fear conditioned reflex, and the effects of systemic inflammation and behavior after operation were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the concentrations of CD163 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured. The expression of macrophage phenotype was observed by immunofluorescence staining, the expression levels of M1 and M2 markers mRNA were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR), and the expression levels of FoxO1 and p21 were analyzed by immunoblotting (Western blot). RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the freezing time in the anesthesia group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01), indicating that sevoflurane anesthesia led to the decrease of cognitive ability. The blood concentrations of CD163 and TNF-α increased significantly at 24 h after the operation with sevoflurane anesthesia (P<0.05). Fluorescence microscopic observation showed that M2 was the main type of macrophages in normal tissues, while M1 and M2 phenotypes were highly expressed in sevoflurane anesthetized tissues at the same time, especially in M1 phenotypes (P<0.01). The polarization of macrophages in the anesthetic group showed the high level of M1 mRNA, and the expression levels of TNF-α, monocyte chemotactic protein 1(MCP-1) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6)mRNA in the anesthetic group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of M2 mRNA such as transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) and IL-10 were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of FoxO1 and p21 protein in the anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the control group with a significant statistical difference (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: This study offers a theoretical basis and insight for further understanding of the prevention and treatment of cognitive dysfunction induced by anesthetic drugs.

10.
Appl Plant Sci ; 7(6): e11269, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236316

RESUMO

Premise: Saxifraga sinomontana (Saxifragaceae) is a widespread alpine species in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and its flanking mountains. We developed a set of expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers to investigate the genetic diversity and evolutionary history of the species. Methods and Results: We initially designed 50 EST-SSR markers based on transcriptome data of S. sinomontana. Nineteen of 50 loci (38%) were successfully amplified, 13 of which were polymorphic. These were tested on 71 individuals from four populations. Three to 18 alleles per locus were detected, and the levels of observed and expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.2817 to 0.9155 and 0.2585 to 0.8495, respectively. In addition, cross-amplification was successful for all 13 loci in three congeneric species, S. tangutica, S. heleonastes, and S. congestiflora. Conclusions: These EST-SSR markers will be useful for studying the genetic diversity of S. sinomontana and disentangling the phylogenetic relationships of related species.

11.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(1): 99-110, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868498

RESUMO

The aim of this review was to systematically compare the outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with standard care (SC) after radical cystectomy. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to identify studies published until September 2017 which involved a comparison of ERAS and SC. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the outcomes of ERAS versus SC. Sixteen studies including 8 prospective and 8 retrospective trials met the eligibility criteria. A total of 2100 participants were assigned to ERAS (1258 cases) or SC (842 cases). The time to first flatus passage {WMD=-0.95 days, 95% CI (-1.50,-0.41), P=0.0006}, time until return to a regular diet {WMD=-2.15 days, 95% CI (-2.86,-1.45), P<0.00001} and the length of hospital stay {WMD=-3.75 days, 95% CI (-5.13,-2.36), P<0.00001} were significantly shorter, and the incidence of postoperative complications {OR=0.60, 95% CI (0.44, 0.83), P=0.002}, especially postoperative paralytic ileus {OR=0.43, 95% CI (0.30, 0.62), P<0.00001} and cardiovascular complications {OR=0.28, 95% CI (0.09, 0.90), P=0.03} was significantly lower in the ERAS group than those in the SC group. This meta-analysis demonstrated that ERAS was associated with a shorter time to first flatus passage, return of bowel function, and the length of hospital stay than SC in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, as well as a lower rate of postoperative complications, especially paralytic ileus and cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Padrão de Cuidado , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/reabilitação
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(13): e15006, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921220

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen in children, yet it is difficult to diagnose in young children because its clinical manifestations may be atypical. Here, 3 atypical clinical cases associated with appendicitis in children are reported. PATIENT CONCERN: The 1st case corresponds to a 5-year-old male patient who presented with abdominal discomfort, intermittent fevers, and vomiting, have increased white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP). The second case is a 7-year-old male patient who began with intermittent fevers and lower quadrant abdominal pain, showing increased WBC count and CRP. The 3rd case corresponds to a 7-year-old female patient who presented with intermittent fevers, abdominal pain, and forebreast discomfort, demonstrating increased WBC count and CRP. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan presented data suggestive of enlarged appendix in diameter, and stercolith, corroborated through surgery. INTERVENTION: Two patients were treated by appendectomy, and 1 patient was treated conservatively with antibiotics. OUTCOMES: Three patients were treated successfully. At 3-month follow-up, the patients had no complaints of discomfort with no relapse of appendicitis. LESSONS: Due to atypical symptoms of children, the diagnosis of appendicitis is often delayed, suggesting that the clinicians should be aware of this disease when encountering gastroenteritis patients with elevated WBC and CRP. Furthermore, abdominal CT scan should be taken into consideration when patients showed high level of WBC and CRP, whose appendix is not seen on ultrasound.


Assuntos
Apendicite/diagnóstico , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/complicações , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Vômito/etiologia
13.
Langmuir ; 35(12): 4364-4369, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795647

RESUMO

Copper nanowires (Cu NWs) are among ideal candidates for fabricating various advanced nanodevices, especially flexible electronics and transparent conductive electrodes. However, although many efforts have been made, the commercialization of Cu NWs is still difficult. Herein, we report an in situ seed-mediated two-step strategy to synthesize well-defined Cu NWs in high yield. In the first step, that is, seed formation process, most Cu ions (85%) in situ transform to nondecahedral Cu nanodots (NDs). These Cu NDs can promote the formation of decahedral multiply twinned particles (DMTPs) and the subsequent growth of Cu NWs by selectively inhibiting the spontaneous ripening of nanoparticle (NP) byproducts in the second step. The amount and quality of Cu NDs play an important role in high-yield production of Cu NWs, and the yield was successfully increased to 2.4 times higher than that of the conventional methods. Furthermore, an effective shaking-rotating purification technique was developed to fully separate Cu NWs from the final product solution. After scaling up the reaction, 50 g of high-quality Cu NWs can be produced with a uniform size and high aspect ratio at a very low material cost of $ 0.99/g. These promising results not only provide a high-yield and low-cost synthetic route but also can promote the widespread commercialization of Cu NWs in advanced nanodevices.

14.
Entropy (Basel) ; 21(4)2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267050

RESUMO

The blind signature is widely used in cryptography applications because it can prevent the signer from gaining the original message. Owing to the unconditional security, the quantum blind signature is more advantageous than the classical one. In this paper, we propose a new provable secure quantum blind signature scheme with the nonorthogonal single-photon BB84-state and provide a new method to encode classical messages into quantum signature states. The message owner injects a randomizing factor into the original message and then strips the blind factor from the quantum blind signature signed by the blind signer. The verifier can validate the quantum signature and announce it publicly. At last, the analytical results show that the proposed scheme satisfies all of the security requirements of the blind signature: blindness, unforgeability, non-repudiation, unlinkability, and traceability. Due to there being no use of quantum entanglement states, the total feasibility and practicability of the scheme are obviously better than the previous ones.

15.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277613

RESUMO

The microRNA (miRNA) miR-125b is abnormally expressed in many different types of tumors, including osteosarcoma (OS). How aberrantly expressed miR-125b participates in regulating the initiation and progression of OS is still poorly understood. In the current study, we found that in OS, miR-125b can suppress the expression of MAP kinase kinase 7 (MKK7), which can dephosphorylate and inactivate signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). We also identified an elevated expression level of MKK7 in OS and an association between MKK7 expression and poor prognosis. Further, miR-125b inhibited OS cell proliferation and invasion by targeting and downregulating MKK7 in vitro and suppressed tumor formation in vivo. Moreover, using Western blot analysis, we preliminarily proved that the activation (phosphorylation) of STAT3 was regulated by MKK7 at the epigenetic level. MKK7 was overexpressed in OS and associated with poor clinical results. The miR-125b-MAPK-STAT3 axis may be one of the mechanisms of OS oncogenesis and a potential target for the treatment of OS.

16.
Front Genet ; 9: 381, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30279701

RESUMO

An increasing number of phylogeographic studies have been conducted for plant species in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and its flanking mountains. However, these studies have mainly focused on the determination of glacial refugia and routes of inter-/post-glacial expansions. Rapid intraspecific diversification of plants in this region have not been thoroughly discussed. Herein, we investigate the effects of the Quaternary climate changes on population genetic structure and diversifications of a herbaceous alpine species, Saxifraga sinomontana, which may have an evolutionary time scale <5 million years in the QTP and Himalayan regions. Using a total of 350 individuals from 29 populations, we studied the evolutionary history of S. sinomontana by analyzing cpDNA trnL-trnF, rpl16 and nrDNA ITS sequences. A total of 89 haplotypes and 158 genotypes were detected for cpDNA and ITS sequences, respectively. Only a few haplotypes/genotypes were widespread, while an extremely large number of haplotypes/genotypes were restricted to single populations, which were scattered throughout the current geographical range of S. sinomontana. This suggests the existence of microrefugia of this species during the Quaternary glaciations. In addition, the relationships of the haplotypes/genotypes were almost completely not resolved by phylogenetic reconstruction. Combining characteristics in terms of high haplotype richness, large proportion of private haplotypes, and shallow haplotype divergence, we speculate that recent intraspecific diversification has occurred in S. sinomontana. Molecular clock analysis estimated that the onset diversification within S. sinomontana to be 1.09 Ma (95% HPD = 0.80-1.45), coinciding with the extensive Quaternary glaciations on the QTP which started ca. 1.17 Ma. The Quaternary climatic oscillations may have triggered rapid intraspecific diversification in this QTP-Himalayan species. However, large niche breadth, as well as introgression/hybridization between the studied species and its closely related sympatric saxifrages, may also played a role to some extent on the current genetic structure of S. sinomontana, which need to be further studied.

17.
World J Clin Cases ; 6(11): 466-471, 2018 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294612

RESUMO

Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare during pregnancy. A case of twin pregnancy with three simultaneous parathyroid adenomas at the same time has not been reported. Multiple parathyroid lesions are difficult to diagnose, as pregnant women who insist upon continuing a pregnancy are not able to undergo 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy, so cases of PHPT are easily unobserved and often can have serious consequences for the patient and the fetus. Therefore, we reported a case of a 28-year-old woman mid-pregnancy with twins, who had hypercalcemia and was eventually diagnosed with twin pregnancy with PHPT due to a triple parathyroid adenoma, had good pregnancy outcomes after undergoing surgery in mid-pregnancy. Twin pregnancy with PHPT due to a triple parathyroid adenoma, as presented in this case, is very rare and surgery in mid-pregnancy is demonstrated here as safe. Intraoperative parathormone monitoring was and remains key to a successful operation.

18.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 49(2): 728-742, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Arctigenin (ATG) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, immunemodulatory, anti-viral, anti-microbial, anti-carcinogenic, vasodilatory and anti-platelet aggregation properties. However, the protective role of ATG in prevention of arrhythmias induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-arrhythmia effect of ATG in an ischemia/reperfusion injured rat heart model and explore the related mechanisms. METHODS: Rats were randomly exposed to sham operation, myocardial ischemia/ reperfusion (MI/R) alone, ATG+ MI/R, pretreated with ATG in low (12.5 mg/kg/day), medium (50 mg/kg/day) and high dose (200 mg/kg/day), respectively. Ventricular arrhythmias were assessed. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in myocardial tissue were determined by chemical analysis. RESULTS: Compared to MI/R, rats pretreated with ATG in doses of 50 mg/kg/day and 200 mg/kg/day showed significantly reduced incidence and duration of ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular ectopic beat (VEB), and decreased the arrhythmia score during the 30-min ischemia. Incidence and duration of ventricular tachycardia, infarction size and arrhythmia scores in these groups were significantly decreased during the 120-min reperfusion. No ventricular fibrillation occurred during the period of reperfusion. Rats pretreated with ATG in doses of 50 mg/kg/day and 200 mg/kg/ day markedly enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD and GSH-Px, reduced the level of MDA. No differences were observed between the group pretreated with a low dose of ATG and the sham group. Administration of ATG significantly increased the expression of antioxidant stress protein Nrf2, Trx1 and Nox1. CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that ATG plays anti-arrhythmia role in ischemia/reperfusion injury, which is probably associated with attenuating oxidative stress by Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Furanos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Furanos/uso terapêutico , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 1/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/complicações , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(1): 166-170, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29397837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and prognosis significance of receptor interacting protein 2 (RIP2) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: The expression of RIP2 in DLBCL GCB and non-GCB type was detected by immunohistochemistry, at same time the expressions of BCL-2 and C-MYC were detected. Then, the role of RIP2 in development of DLBCL was analyzed by related clinical and pathological parameters. RESULTS: The expression of RIP2 was related with middle-high risk group by IPI score, the An Arbor stage III+IV and intranodal lesions, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Besides, the single factor survival analysis suggested that GCB-type DLBCL showed a higher survival rate than that in non-GCB type(P<0.05). Patients with RIP2+ showed a lower survival rate as compared with patients with PIP2- (P<0.05), among which the patients receiving R-CHOP had a higher survival rate than that of those receiving CHOP (P<0.01). The expression of RIP2 in DLBCL cell lines was higher than that in peripheral mononuclear cells of normal subjects (P<0.01) and expressed differently in DLBCL of GCB and non-GCB type (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The expression of RIP2 may relate with the poor prognosis and specific subtype of DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6 , Rituximab , Vincristina
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