Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 235
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4383, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127630

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1442, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996737

RESUMO

Discovering anticancer drugs that do not have adverse side effects has been a developing research field worldwide in recent decades. In this work, four previously undescribed cytotoxic diterpenoids were isolated from the aerial parts of Isodon excisoides. Interestingly, these four diterpenoids were two pairs of tautomers that were first reported in plants. Their structures were further elucidated using various spectroscopic methods. The tautomerization phenomenon and mechanism for these two pairs of tautomers were emphatically described. The theoretical simulation results indicated that the diterpene tautomerization is greatly related to certain factors, including the existence of a transition state, the change of bond length and the level of conversion energy; the tautomerization for the two pairs of tautomers is mainly caused by proton transfer. For bioassays, the cytotoxicities of the tautomers against five human cancer cell lines were also investigated. The results indicated that each of the four diterpenoids showed significant cytotoxicity in at least three cell lines and could serve as potential anticancer agents for further investigation.

3.
Plant Cell Environ ; 43(4): 903-919, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851373

RESUMO

During maize production, drought throughout the flowering stage usually induces seed abortion and yield losses. The influence of postpollination drought stress on seed abortion and its underlying mechanisms are not well characterized. By intervening in the competition for assimilates between kernel siblings under different degrees of postpollination drought stresses accompanied by synchronous pollination (SP) and incomplete pollination (ICP) approaches, the mechanisms of postpollination abortion were investigated at physiological and molecular levels. Upon SP treatment, up to 15% of the fertilized apical kernels were aborted in the drought-exacerbated competition for assimilates. The aborted kernels exhibited weak sucrose hydrolysis and starch synthesis but promoted the synthesis of trehalose-6-phosphate and ethylene. In ICP where basal pollination was prevented, apical kernel growth was restored with reinstated sucrose metabolism and starch synthesis and promoted sucrose and hexose levels under drought stress. In addition, the equilibrium between ethylene and polyamine in response to the drought and pollination treatments was associated with the abortion process. We conclude that competition for assimilates drives postpollination kernel abortion, whereas differences in sugar metabolism and the equilibrium between ethylene and polyamines may be relevant to the "live or die" choice of kernel siblings during this competition.

4.
Appl Opt ; 58(32): 8900-8904, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873668

RESUMO

A dual-wavelength ${{\rm TEM}_{01}}$TEM01 mode synchronous continuous wave passively mode-locked (CWML) Nd:YAG laser has been demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) at 1319 and 1338 nm. The maximum average output power of 10.84 W was obtained at a 113.8 W absorbed pump power, corresponding to an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 9.5%. The dual-wavelength CWML pulses had a pulse duration of 35.1 ps at a repetition rate of 76 MHz. The beam quality was measured to be ${{\rm M}^2} = {2.51}$M2=2.51.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4852-4856, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872592

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the influence of the different dosages of sulfur on the quality and the browning enzyme activity of Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. Boju. In this experiment,UV-spectrophotometry was used to determine the activities of browning enzymes,including polyphenol oxidase( PPO) and peroxidase( POD),in 7 different dosages of 0,4,8,16,50,150,200 g·kg~(-1)( weight ratio of sulfur/fresh chrysanthemum). A comprehensively comparison of the 7 chemical constituents of C. morifolium cv. Boju fumigated with 7 different dosage of sulfur was conducted by HPLC analysis. In this paper,the results showed that the activities of PPO and POD enzymes decreased significantly in chrysanthemum processed by sulfur fumigation. The activities of PPO and POD enzymes decreased gradually with the increase of sulfur dosage. When the sulfur dosage was higher than 4 g·kg~(-1),the PPO enzyme was significantly reduced. When the sulfur dosage was higher than 8 g·kg~(-1),the PPO enzyme was completely inactivated. The effect of different sulfur dosage s on the chemical composition was investigated. In comparison,it was found that when the sulfur dosage was 8 g·kg~(-1),the content of chlorogenic acid was higher than the 4 g·kg~(-1) and that of the sample without sulfur fumigation. Thereafter,with the increase of the sulfur dosage,the content of chlorogenic acid was unchanged. It was speculated that when harvesting,the tissue of fresh flower was destroyed,which caused the activation of browning enzymes. Afterwards,the sulfur fumigation could significantly reduce the activity of browning enzymes,which prevented the conversion of phenols in the reaction substrates( chlorogenic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoylquninic acid) into terpenoids,and better retained quinic acid components. However,when the sulfur dosage reached 8 g·kg~(-1) or16 g·kg~(-1),the content of quinic acid components were no longer changed,which indicated that the sulfur dosage had reached the saturated dosage. Similarly,when the sulfur dosage was increased,the contents of flavonoid aglycones showed a downward trend except for luteolin-7-O-glucoside. It was speculated that the sulfur fumigation inhibited the activity of hydrolase,which reduced the hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides to aglycones. However,the reaction mechanism needed further verification. In conclusion,although sulfur fumigation could significantly inhibit browning,different dosages of sulfur had a significant effect on the chemical composition of C. morifolium cv. Boju,which could affect the consistency of quality and the stability of the therapeutic effect. Excessive use of sulfur was likely to cause a large amount of SO2 residues in C. morifolium cv. Boju,Therefore,different Sulphur dosages had a significant effect on the quality of chrysanthemum,which therefore was not recommended in production. A small dose of sulfur could be used to prevent enzymatic browning. When the dosage of sulfur increased to a certain extent or reached a saturation state,a small dose of sulfur is recommended in necessary. In this paper,the correlation between the sulfur dosage,the enzyme activity,and the main chemical constituents of chrysanthemum was clarified. The experimental research provided the guidance for regulating the harvesting processing of chrysanthemum and the harvesting processing,and improving the quality of chrysanthemum.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Enxofre , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fumigação , Ácido Quínico
6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607167

RESUMO

One new ent-Kaurane diterpenoid (1) was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Isodon henryi. Along with ten diterpenoids (2-11) were isolated from this plant for the first time, including six 7,20-epoxy diterpenoids, three enmenol-type diterpenoids and one 6,7-seco-ent-kaurene diterpenoid. Their structures were elucidated by 1 D and 2 D NMR, confirmed by HRESIMS and electronic circular dichroism analyses. Furthermore, the cytotoxicities of twelve compounds were investigated in five human cancer cell lines, including A2780, BGC-823, HCT-116, HepG2 and HeLa. And the IC50 values of these diterpenoids ranged from 2.1 to 88.8 µM in the tested cell lines. Based on the molecular structures of 12 compounds and the bioassay results, it suggests that α,ß-unsaturated pentanone is the cytotoxic active site of 7,20 epoxy ent-kaurane diterpenoid, but it does not contribute much to enmenol-type diterpenoid.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3087-3093, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602857

RESUMO

Due to lack of reference substances,the content of triterpenoid saponins in traditional Chinese medicines is usually characterized by colorimetric determination of total saponins. However,the specificity of colorimetric method is poor,and the determination result is not accurate enough. So,in this paper,the content determination method of total triterpenoid saponins was studied by taking Akebiae Caulis saponins as an example. The contents of three main saponin aglycones,including arjunolic acid,hederagenin and oleanolic acid,were determined by HPLC method. Referring to the content determination method of total flavonol glycosides in Ginkgo biloba leaves in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,the content of Akebiae Caulis saponins was obtained by multiplying the total content of the three above-mentioned aglycones with conversion coefficient. LC-MS/MS analysis results showed that mutongsaponin C and aponin PJIwere the two main triterpene saponins in Akebiae Caulis,and they shared the same molecular formula. So,the average value of the ratios of the molecular weight between mutongsaponin C and the three aglycones was defined as the conversion coefficient.The three aglycones were separated on an ACE Excel 3 C18-AR column( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,3 µm),and methanol-water( containing0. 04% glacial acetic acid and 0. 02% triethylamine) was used as mobile phase with gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm,and the flow rate was 0. 5 m L·min-1. The results showed that there was a good linearity among the ranges of 1. 053-16. 84,0. 200-3. 200 and 1. 515-24. 24 µg for arjunolic acid,hederagenin and oleanolic acid,respectively. Their average recoveries were97. 90%,97. 50% and 100. 5%,with RSD of 2. 0%,2. 9% and 2. 9%,respectively. The results of methodological investigation met the requirements of content determination. The conversion coefficient was 2. 31. This method is simple and reliable,and can be used for the determination of total triterpenoid saponins in Akebiae Caulis. The assay strategy can be used for the determination of total triterpenoid saponins in other traditional Chinese medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Ranunculales/química , Saponinas/análise , Triterpenos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480235

RESUMO

To explore the transformation mechanisms of free gastrodin and combined gastrodin before and after steaming of Gastrodia elata (G. elata), a fresh G. elata sample was processed by the traditional steaming method prescribed by Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 version), and HPLC-ESI-TOF/MS method was used to identify the chemical composition in steamed and fresh G. elata. Finally, 25 components were identified in G. elata based on the characteristic fragments of the compounds and the changes of the 25 components of fresh and steamed G. elata were compared by the relative content. Hydrolysis experiments and enzymatic hydrolysis experiments of 10 monomer compounds simulating the G. elata steaming process were carried out for the first time. As a result, hydrolysis experiments proved that free gastrodin or p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol could be obtained by breaking ester bond or ether bond during the steaming process of G. elata. Enzymatic experiments showed that steaming played an important role in the protection of gastrodin, confirming the hypothesis that steaming can promote the conversion of chemical constituents of G. elata-inhibiting enzymatic degradation. This experiment clarified the scientific mechanism of the traditional steaming method of G. elata and provided reference for how to apply G. elata decoction to some extent.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Gastrodia/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Vapor , Álcoois Benzílicos/análise , Glucosídeos/análise , Glucosídeos/química , Hidrólise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103226, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491566

RESUMO

Six new compounds, including a new compound with an unusual 2, 4, 6-cycloheptatrien ketone skeleton (1), two new diphenylpropanoid ethers (2, 3), a new protostane-type triterpenoid (4), two new norsesquiterpene (5a, 5b), and two new natural products (6, 7), together with eleven known compounds (8-18) were isolated from the aqueous extract of Alismatis Rhizoma (AR). Their structures were elucidated by a combination of 1D and 2D NMR (1H and 13C NMR, COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and NOESY), HRESIMS spectroscopic data, experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Some of the compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Two protostane-type triterpenoids, compounds 4 and 17, exhibited potent inhibitory activities with the IC50 values of 39.3 and 63.9 µM compared with indomethacin. In the meanwhile, their anti-inflammatory effects were also confirmed by acute inflammation model induced by CuSO4 in zebrafish.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2059-2064, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355561

RESUMO

To construct a quality management model for the whole industry chain of compound Danshen Tablets,and quality control system for all key links in the production of compound Danshen Tablets. In this paper,with salvianolic acid B as internal reference substance,three batches of mix standards were prepared,and three sets of relative correlation factors between salvianolic acid B and other phenolic acids were calculated in parallel. Finally,the correlation factors are obtained on average. The quality transfer process was studied by optimizing the concentration of Salvia miltiorrhiza extract. The results showed that RSD among three sets of relative correlation factors ranged between 1. 7%-4. 1%,with no significant difference between the quantitative result of two methods. In addition,the quality transfer study showed that with the rise of the concentration temperature,the content of phenolic acid components changed,which had a significant effect on the salvianolic acid B at more than 80 ℃. It was suggested to rationally control the concentration temperature during the industrial production. The results of this study provide a methodology for the establishment of the quality control system for the whole industry chain of compound Danshen Tablets,and quality control methods for the improvement of the quality of medicinal materials and finished medicine products.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Comprimidos
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1889-1894, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342718

RESUMO

To search for the active diuretic fractions of Clematidis Armandii Caulis( CAC) and determine its main active chemical components by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS) and diuretic activity evaluation. CAC 75% ethanol extracts and extracts from different polar solvents were orally administered to saline-loaded rats at different doses. 6 h urinary volume,p H and contents of electrolyte Na+,K+and Cl-were measured. The chemical components of the active fractions were separated and identified by ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry( UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. As compared with the control group,the urine volume was increased by 44%( P< 0. 01) and 34%( P < 0. 05) in CAC75% ethanol extract 57. 74 and 28. 8 mg·kg-1 groups respectively; the Na+excretion was increased by 52%( P< 0. 01) and 45%( P<0. 05),respectively; while the Cl-excretion was increased by 101%( P<0. 01) and 85%( P<0. 05),respectively. The urine volume,Na+excretion and Cl-excretion were increased by 50%( P< 0. 01),58%( P< 0. 05),and 65%( P< 0. 05) respectively in petroleum ether extract 70. 98 mg·kg-1 group as compared with the control group. While for the n-butanol extract 194. 18 mg·kg-1 group,the urine volume,Na+and Cl-excretion were increased by 42%( P<0. 01),41%( P<0. 05) and 97%( P<0. 01),respectively. The diuretic activity of other fractions was not obvious. There was no statistical difference in K+excretion in all groups. The results of LC-MS analysis showed that six compounds,including two sterols,one chromogen and three fatty acids,were identified from petroleum ether extract.Fourteen compounds,including six triterpenoid saponins,six lignin glycosides,one sterol glycoside and one phenolic glycoside,were identified from the n-butanol extract. All the results suggested that the ethanol extract of CAC had remarkable diuretic activity and its main effective components included sterol,triterpenoid saponin and lignin glycosides.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Diuréticos/farmacologia , Materia Medica/farmacologia , Animais , Ratos , Solventes , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357638

RESUMO

To obtain diterpene glycosides from an aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Isodon henryi and further investigate their cytotoxicities, in this study, a total of seven compounds were isolated, including six ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides (1-6) and one diterpene aglycon (7). Among the seven ent-kaurane diterpenes obtained, four were novel compounds, including ent-7,20-epoxy- kaur-16-en-1α,6ß,7ß,15ß-tetrahydroxyl-11-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (1), ent-7,20-epoxy-kaur-16-en- 6ß,7ß,14ß,15ß-tetrahydroxyl-1-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (2), ent-7,20-epoxy-kaur-16-en-6ß,7ß,15ß- trihydroxyl-1-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (3), and ent-7,20-epoxy-kaur-16-en-7ß,11ß,14α,15ß-tetrahydr- oxyl-6-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (4), and three were isolated from this plant for the first time (5-7). Their structures were elucidated by utilizing spectroscopic methods and electronic circular dichroism analyses. Furthermore, the cytotoxicities of all seven compounds were investigated in four human cancer cell lines, including A2780, BGC-823, HCT-116, and HepG2. The IC50 values of these diterpenes ranged from 0.18 to 2.44 mM in the tested cell lines. In addition, the structure-cytotoxicity relationship of diterpene glycosides was also evaluated to study the effect of glycosylation on the cytotoxicity of diterpene compounds.


Assuntos
Diterpenos de Caurano/química , Diterpenos de Caurano/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Isodon/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Análise Espectral , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Opt Express ; 27(9): 12255-12263, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052769

RESUMO

The polychromatic laser guide star (PLGS) is one of the solutions proposed to measure the differential atmospheric tip-tilt. A watts-level microsecond pulse all solid state laser source with two wavelengths at 589 and 819.7 nm are developed to perform a proof-of-concept on-sky test for what is believed to be the first time. By sum-frequency of 1319 and 1064 nm, a 44 W maximum average output power at 589.159 nm is generated with the pulse width of ~90 µs at 500 Hz, the linewidth of 0.46 pm, and the beam quality of M2 = 1.50. Meanwhile, a 2.4 W average output power is achieved operating at 819.710 nm with the pulse width of ~25 µs at 500 Hz, the linewidth of 0.8 pm, and beam quality factor of M2 = 1.20, which is end-pumped by a frequency-doubled 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser. Moreover, double resonant fluorescence in sodium cell with two step excitation of sodium atom from 3S1/2 to 3D5/2 via 3P3/2 level is observed clearly by tuning the wavelength of 589 and 819.7 nm beams. In the proof-of-principle experiment, it is preliminarily verified that this laser system is expected to be applied to the sky experiment.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(7): 1371-1380, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090294

RESUMO

HPLC specific chromatograms of Poria were established, and the concentrations of 10 triterpenoids(16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid, poricoic acid B, dehydrotumulosic acid, poricoic acid A, polyporenic acid C, poricoic acid AM, 3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid, dehydropachymic acid, pachymic acid, and dehydrotrametenolic acid) were simultaneously determined. Chromatographic analysis was conducted on a Welch Ultimate XB C_(18) column(4.6 mm × 250 mm,5 µm). Acetonitrile solution(contain 3% tetrahydrofuran)(A) and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) were used as the mobile phase with gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 20 µL. The experimental data were analyzed by the SPSS 22.0 and GraphPad Prism 7.0. The established triterpenoids fingerprints were specific, and the 10 components were well separated and showed good linearity(r≥0.999 6) within the concentration ranges tested. The mean recoveries were between 98.53%-103.8%(RSD 1.7%-2.7%). The method was specific and repeatable, and could be used for identification and quality evaluation of Poria. The results showed that the contents of 10 triterpenoids were positively correlated with each other. The contents of 10 triterpenoids of samples collected from producing areas were higher than that collected from markets. The total contents of 10 triterpenoids of samples collected from Hubei and Yunnan province were slightly higher than that from Anhui province, but the contents of samples from Anhui province were varied in smaller ranges.


Assuntos
Materia Medica/análise , Poria/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1615-1622, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090326

RESUMO

In order to improve the quality control level of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus(LLF) and to explore the changes of chemical components after processing,the HPLC method for fingerprint and simultaneous determination of the major polar components in LLF were established. The octadecylsilane bonded silica gel was used as the stationary phase,with acetonitrile as the mobile phase A and0. 2% formic acid as the mobile phase B in a gradient elution procedure at a flow rate of 1. 0 m L·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm and the column temperature was 25 ℃. There were 22 common peaks,20 of which were selected from the fingerprint of LLF and its wine-steamed product,respectively,and 14 chromatographic peaks were identified with reference substances. With the same chromatographic conditions,seven components were quantitatively analyzed and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Compared with the crude LLF,the content of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural and salidroside significantly increased in wine-steamed LLF,while the contents of iridoid glycosides generally decreased. The method provided a basis for quality control of LLF and its processed products as well as the related preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Frutas/química , Ligustrum/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Glucosídeos , Glicosídeos Iridoides , Fenóis
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(4): 730-739, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989886

RESUMO

To solve the problems of the poor resolution of chromatographic separation,the weak durability of the relative correction factors,and the low accuracy of content determination results in the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker( QAMS) method with andrographolide as the internal reference substance in the existing research of Andrographis Herba,a new QAMS method using dehydroandrographolide as the internal reference substance was established for the first time in this study. This new method can be used to simultaneously determine four diterpene lactones,including andrographolide( A),neoandrographolide( B),14-deoxyandrographolide( C),and dehydroandrographolide( S) through the optimization of chromatographic conditions and systematic investigation of methodology. At the present HPLC chromatographic conditions,four components could be well separated( R > 1. 5),and the methodology validations could satisfy the requirement of quantitative analysis. The relative correction factors( RCFs) of fA/S,fB/S,fC/S were determined as 0. 65,0. 54,0. 78,respectively. The relative standard deviations( RSDs) of their RCFs ranged between 1. 3%-5. 1%,0. 25%-0. 33%,0. 070%-0. 15%,0. 070%-0. 22%,respectively with three brands of HPLC instruments,five brands of C18 column,different flow rates( 0. 9,1. 0,1. 1 m L·min~(-1)),and different column temperatures( 25,30,35 ℃),indicating good durability of the RCFs. The relative retention value( RRV) method was used to locate the chromatographic peak of the components to be determined.The RRVs of rA/S,rB/S,and rC/Swere 0. 44,0. 86,0. 97,respectively. The RSDs of the RRVs ranged between 0. 030%-1. 6% with different HPLC instruments and columns,showing accurate peak location. The present QAMS method and the external standard method( ESM)were both used to determine the contents of four diterpene lactones from Andrographis Herba( 6 batches of medicinal materials and 18 batches of cut crude drugs). The relative errors of the determined content results between two methods were less than 2. 0%. It demonstrated that there was no significant difference in content results between these two methods,indicating good accuracy of the present QAMS method. Therefore,in this study,an accurate and highly durable QAMS method using dehydroandrographolide as the internal reference substance was established for simultaneous determination of four diterpene lactones. This method could be used to effectively control the quality of Andrographis Herba and provide technical basis for the formulation of traditional Chinese medicine industry standard and improvement of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standard of Andrographis Herba.


Assuntos
Andrographis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Diterpenos , Controle de Qualidade
17.
Clin Chim Acta ; 494: 8-13, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nardilysin, a kind of metalloendopeptidase, plays an important role in numerous inflammatory diseases. Malignant cerebral infarction (Glasgow coma scale score of <9) is associated with a high mortality risk. Here, we intended to investigate the relationship between serum nardilysin levels and prognosis of patients with malignant cerebral infarction. METHODS: Serum nardilysin concentrations were quantified at malignant cerebral infarction diagnosis moment in 105 patients and at study entrance in 105 healthy controls. Association of nardilysin concentrations with 30-day mortality and overall survival was estimated using multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The patients exhibited substantially increased serum nardilysin concentrations, as compared to the controls. Nardilysin concentrations were in pronounced correlation with Glasgow coma scale scores and serum C-reactive protein concentrations. Serum nardilysin was independently predictive of 30-day mortality and overall survival. Under receiver operating characteristic curve, its high discriminatory ability was found. CONCLUSIONS: Rising serum nardilysin concentrations following malignant cerebral infarction are strongly related to stroke severity, inflammatory extent and a higher risk of mortality, substantializing serum nardilysin as a potential prognostic biomarker for malignant cerebral infarction.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/sangue , Infarto Cerebral/mortalidade , Metaloendopeptidases/sangue , Idoso , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Acta Neurol Belg ; 119(3): 439-444, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to review and evaluate the efficacy and safety of nerve combing without neurovascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 298 patients with trigeminal neuralgia between August 2007 and August 2016 was conducted. The patients were divided into two groups: the A group was treated by nerve combing (34 patients) and the B group received microvascular decompression (264 patients). Surgical outcomes and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Pain was completely relieved in 88.2% of group A patients and 92.8% of group B after surgery. The median duration of follow-up was 60 months (range 10-115 months) in group A and 62 months (range 12-118 months) in group B. 72.7% and 86.4% of cases were completely relieved in groups A and B, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the surgical outcomes between the two groups. Almost all patients experienced some degree of numbness or hypesthesia (76.5%). The rate of facial numbness in group A was significantly higher than that in group B. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that nerve combing without neurovascular decompression is a safe and effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. However, a majority of patients treated with nerve combing experienced some degree of facial numbness.


Assuntos
Hipestesia/etiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Transplantation ; 103(3): 502-511, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30211824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advances in immunosuppressive therapy have significantly improved short-term but not long-term survival of cardiac transplant recipients; this is largely due to severe cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R)-based therapy exerts physiological effects on the cardiovascular system in addition to its traditional role in controlling glucose. We have investigated the effects of liraglutide, a GLP-1R agonist, on the development of CAV in a murine heart transplant model. METHODS: Heterotopic murine cardiac transplantation was performed with a major histocompatibility complex class II-mismatched model. Recipient mice were subcutaneously administered vehicle (0.9% saline solution) or liraglutide (300 µg·kg every 12 hours) from the day of transplantation. Allografts were harvested at 2 or 8 weeks and histologically analyzed. Inflammatory infiltrates were measured by immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence and western blotting analyzes were used to evaluate GLP-1R expression and markers of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) in cardiac allografts and human coronary artery endothelial cells challenged with transforming growth factor-beta 1. RESULTS: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor was predominantly localized to vascular endothelial cells and was upregulated in cardiac allografts after liraglutide treatment. Liraglutide ameliorated CAV and cardiac fibrosis with reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and downregulated expression of adhesion molecules. Liraglutide inhibited EndMT in allografts and attenuated EndMT by inhibiting Smad3 activation in transforming growth factor-beta 1-treated human coronary artery endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of liraglutide from the time of transplantation upregulated GLP-1R in the transplanted heart and reduced cardiac fibrosis, inflammation, and CAV development. Therefore, liraglutide may be a novel therapy for CAV.


Assuntos
Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/agonistas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Liraglutida/farmacologia , Doenças Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Fibrose , Glucose/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunossupressão , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Inflamação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo
20.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 61(5): 611-623, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183130

RESUMO

Glucosinolates are amino acid-derived secondary metabolites that act as chemical defense agents against pests. However, the presence of high levels of glucosinolates severely diminishes the nutritional value of seed meals made from rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). To identify the loci affecting seed glucosinolate content (SGC), we conducted genome-wide resequencing in a population of 307 diverse B. napus accessions from the three B. napus ecotype groups, namely, spring, winter, and semi-winter. These resequencing data were used for a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify the loci affecting SGC. In the three ecotype groups, four common and four ecotype-specific haplotype blocks (HBs) were significantly associated with SGC. To identify candidate genes controlling SGC, transcriptome analysis was carried out in 36 accessions showing extreme SGC values. Analyses of haplotypes, genomic variation, and candidate gene expression pointed to five and three candidate genes in the common and spring group-specific HBs, respectively. Our expression analyses demonstrated that additive effects of the three candidate genes in the spring group-specific HB play important roles in the SGC of B. napus.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/metabolismo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Glucosinolatos/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Brassica napus/genética , Genoma de Planta/genética , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA