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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1950-1965, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695762

RESUMO

With the continuous development of cancer nanotechnology, an important trend in the research is to combine the broad application prospects of functional nanomaterials with recent biological discoveries and technological advances. Herein, a cancer cell membrane-camouflaged gold nanocage loading doxorubicin (DOX) and l-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) (denoted as m@Au-D/B NCs) was constructed as an innovative nanoplatform to confer promising cancer combination therapy by evoking effective ferroptosis and immune responses. Briefly, the loading of BSO and DOX could induce ferroptosis through simultaneous effective glutathione (GSH) consumption and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Gold nanocages (AuNCs) with distinct anti-tumor application performance was utilized as ideal nanocarrier for drug loading, evoking photothermal effects and photochemical catalysis to generate more ROS under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. Moreover, m@Au-D/B NCs-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT) combined with ROS production could repolarize the tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) from pro-tumor (M2) phenotype to anti-tumor (M1) phenotype, thus improving tumor-suppressive immune environment and then promoting the activation of effector cells and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, in which the antitumor responses were evoked robustly in a methodical approach. The anti-tumor effects in vivo implied that m@Au-D/B NCs could significantly inhibit tumor growth without severe toxicity. Hence, this homotypic targeting nanosystem could offer an auspicious anticancer access by triggering combination cancer therapy via ferroptosis and tumor-associated macrophage repolarization mechanism.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Biomimética , Ouro , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Fototérmica , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
2.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 56, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743730

RESUMO

Targeting immune checkpoints has achieved great therapeutic effects in the treatment of early-stage tumors. However, most patients develop adaptive resistance to this therapy. The latest evidence demonstrates that tumor-derived exosomes may play a key role in systemic immune suppression and tumor progression. In this article, we highlight the role of exosomal immune checkpoint proteins in tumor immunity, with an emphasis on programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), as well as emerging evidence on roles of T cell immunoglobulin-3 (TIM-3), arginase 1 (ARG1), and estrogen receptor binding fragment-associated antigen 9 (EBAG9) expressed by exosomes.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 736911, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790705

RESUMO

Zinc dyshomeostasis has been involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy; however, the dynamic regulation of intracellular zinc and its downstream signaling in cardiac hypertrophy remain largely unknown. Using Zincpyr1 staining, we found a significant decrease of intracellular Zinc concentration in phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophy of neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs). We then screened SLC39 family members responsible for zinc uptake and identified Slc39a2 as the only one altered by PE treatment. Slc39a2 knockdown in NRVMs reduced the intracellular Zinc level, and exacerbated the hypertrophic responses to PE treatment. In contrast, adenovirus-mediated Slc39a2 overexpression enhanced zinc uptake and suppressed PE-induced Nppb expression. RNA sequencing analysis showed a pro-hypertrophic transcriptome reprogramming after Slc39a2 knockdown. Interestingly, the innate immune signaling pathways, including NOD signaling, TOLL-like receptor, NFκB, and IRFs, were remarkably enriched in the Slc39a2-regulated genes. Slc39a2 deficiency enhanced the phosphorylation of P65 NFκB and STAT3, and reduced the expression of IκBα. Finally, the expression of IRF7 was significantly increased by Slc39a2 knockdown, which was in turn suppressed by IRF7 knockdown. Our data demonstrate that zinc homeostasis mediated by a Slc39a2/IRF7 regulatory circuit contributes to the alteration of innate immune signaling in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

4.
Front Surg ; 8: 759487, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820417

RESUMO

Background: Thulium laser resection of bladder tumors (TmLRBT) is recently considered as a common treatment option for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC), but whether it is superior to Transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) are still undetermined. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively screened our institution database to identify patients who were treated by conventional TURBT or TmLRBT for NMIBC and followed by intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy. The preoperative characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and recurrence-free survival were compared to assess the safety and efficacy of the two procedures. Results: Eventually, 90 patients who underwent TmLRBT (n = 37) or TURBT (n = 53) followed by intravesical BCG immunotherapy were included. Two groups were similar in baseline characteristics except for the smaller tumor size of the TmLRBT group(1.7 cm vs. 2.2 cm; P = 0.036). Obturator nerve reflex occurred in eight patients in the TURBT group and 3 of them suffered from bladder perforation while none happened in the TmLRBT group. The TmLRBT also had a shorter irrigation duration. In the multivariate Cox regression, the TmLRBT was related to less recurrence risk (HR: 0.268; 95% CI, 0.095-0.759; P = 0.013). Conclusion: Our results suggested that TmLRBT is safer than conventional TURBT with fewer perioperative complications, and it offers better cancer control, therefore might be a superior option for NMIBC patients with intermediate and high recurrence risk.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 833, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal cancer. Approximately 80% of patients initially diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic disease survive only 4-11 months after diagnosis. Tremendous efforts have been made toward understanding the biology of PDAC. RESULTS: In this study, we first utilized next-generation sequencing technique and existing microarray datasets to identify significant differentially expressed genes between PDAC and non-tumor adjacent tissue. By comparing top significant survival genes in PDAC Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database and PDAC transcriptome data from patients, our integrated analysis discovered five potential central genes (i.e., MYEOV, KCNN4, FAM83A, S100A16, and DDX60L). Subsequently, we analyzed the cellular functions of the potential novel oncogenes MYEOV and DDX60L, which are highly expressed in PDAC cells. Notably, the knockdown of MYEOV and DDX60L significantly inhibited the metastasis of cancer cells and induced apoptosis. Further RNA sequencing analyses showed that massive signaling pathways, particularly the TNF signaling pathway and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, were affected in siRNA-treated cancer cells. The siDDX60L and siMYEOV significantly inhibited the expression of chemokine CXCL2, which may potentially affect the tumor microenvironment in PDAC tissues. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings identified the novel oncogene DDX60L, which was highly expressed in PDAC. Transcriptome profiling through siRNA knockdown of DDX60L uncovered its functional roles in the PDAC in humans.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Oncogenes , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838764

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is an important secondary factor leading to the aggravation of spinal cord injury (SCI). Inhibition of the inflammatory response is critical for SCI treatment. Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) is an anti-inflammatory drug, but its utility for SCI is unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of GA on inflammation after SCI and the underlying mechanism. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays were performed to assess the viability of highly aggressively proliferating immortalized (HAPI) cells that had been treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or/and GA. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were performed to assess the expression of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1), and inflammatory factors in vitro and in vivo. GA (100 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected into rats. The anti-inflammatory effects of GA were analyzed in SCI tissues. p38/JNK signaling pathway proteins were analyzed by western blotting. CCK-8 assay results showed that treatment with 100 ng/mL LPS for 12 h was optimal. After LPS treatment, HAPI cells were activated; the mRNA expression levels of HMGB1 and inflammatory factors were increased. GA significantly inhibited LPS-induced HMGB1 expression and inflammatory responses, as determined by RT-qPCR and western blotting. Notably, transfection with an HMGB1-overexpression plasmid reversed the anti-inflammatory effects of GA. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of GA (100 mg/kg) into rats for 3 days significantly reduced the expression levels of HMGB1 and inflammatory factors after SCI in vivo. GA reduced the phosphorylation, but not the levels, of p38 and JNK proteins. In conclusion, GA attenuates the inflammatory response after SCI by inhibiting HMGB1 through the p38/ JNK signaling pathway; thus, it has therapeutic potential for SCI.

7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 133: 105298, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the role of long noncoding RNA distal-less homeobox 2 antisense 1 (DLX2-AS1) in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response and apoptosis of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs). DESIGN: Lipopolysaccharide was used to induce inflammation response of PDLCs. The expression of DLX2-AS1, microRNA-330-3p and Ro60, Y RNA binding protein (RO60) in lipopolysaccharide-treated PDLCs was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to evaluate the concentration of inflammatory cytokines in PDLCs after DLX2-AS1 overexpression or RO60 downregulation. The apoptosis of PDLCs after lipopolysaccharide treatment or indicated transfection was analyzed by flow cytometry analysis. The level of apoptosis-related proteins, Bax and Bcl-2, were examined by western blotting. The binding capacity between microRNA-330-3p and DLX2-AS1 (or RO60) was verified by luciferase reporter assays. RESULTS: DLX2-AS1 was downregulated in PDLCs after lipopolysaccharide treatment. DLX2-AS1 overexpression decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines and inhibited cell apoptosis. microRNA-330-3p bound with DLX2-AS1 and displayed high expression in lipopolysaccharide-induced PDLCs. In addition, the downregulation of RO60, a target gene of microRNA-330-3p, reversed the suppressive influence of DLX2-AS1 overexpression on the inflammatory response and apoptosis of PDLCs. CONCLUSIONS: DLX2-AS1 restrains inflammatory response and apoptosis of PDLCs via the microRNA-330-3p/RO60 axis.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 733441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721331

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance is emerging as a hot issue with the abuse and overuse of antibiotics, and the shortage of effective antimicrobial agents against multidrug resistant bacteria creates a huge problem to treat the threatening nosocomial skin and soft tissue infection. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) exhibite enormous potential as one of the most promising candidates of antibiotic to fight against pathogenic infections because of its unique membrane penetration mechanism to kill pathogens, whereas the clinical application of AMPs still faces the challenges of production cost, stability, safety, and design strategy. Herein, a series of Trp-rich peptides was designed following the principle of paired Trp plated at the ith and ith+4 position on the backbone of peptides, based on the template (VKKX)4, where X represents W, A, or L, to study the effect of intramolecular aromatic interactions on the bioactivity of AMPs. Through comparing the antimicrobial performance, hemolysis, cytotoxicity, and stability, VW5 which is equipped with the characters of direct antimicrobial efficacy (GM=1.68µM) and physical destruction of bacterial membrane (SEM and electron microscopy) stood out from the engineering peptides. VW5 also performed well in mice models, which could significantly decrease the bacterial colony (VW5 vs infection group, 12.72±2.26 vs 5.52±2.01×109CFU/abscess), the area of dermo-necrosis (VW5 vs infection group, 0.74±0.29 vs 1.86±0.98mm2) and the inflammation cytokine levels at the abscess site without causing toxicity to the skin. Overall, this study provides a strategy and template to diminish the randomness in the exploration and design of novel peptides.

9.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1396, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733948

RESUMO

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.21037/atm-20-5100.].

10.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 584-588, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821088

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the intervention effects and mechanism of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into wild type blank control group, wild type COPD group and IL-7A knockout COPD group. Mice in wild type blank control group received no treatment, and mice in the other two groups were exposed to cigarette smoke to induce COPD (Cigarette: 1 cigarette / time, 4 times/day, 45 minutes/time; interval time: 1 hour; total intervention time: 90 days). Lung function of mice was assessed using animal pulmonary function machine. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice was collected and BALF cell count and classification were determined. The lung tissue of mice was collected, the expression level of IL-17A in airway epithelium was determined by flow cytometry, and the levels of inflammatory factors in lung tissue were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression level of JNK/AP1 signaling pathway protein in mouse lung tissue was determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with the wild type blank control group mice, the wild type COPD group mice had significantly higher expression level of IL-17A, significantly lower peak inspiratory flow rate (PIF) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEF), significantly higher number of BALF neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and macrophage, significantly higher expression levels of CXC chemokine 1(CXCL1), CXC chemokine 2 (CXCL2), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and significantly higher phosphorylation level of JNK, cJun and cFos and AP1 expression levels (P<0.05). Compared with COPD mice, IL-17A expression level in airway epithelium of mice in IL-7A knockout COPD group was significantly lower, PIF and PEF were higher, the number of BALF neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and macrophage was significantly lower, the expression levels of CXCL1, CXCL2, IL-1ß and IL-6 in lung tissue were lower, and the phosphorylation levels of JNK, cJun and cFos and AP1 expression levels were significantly lower (P<0.05). Conclusion: Cigarette smoke can induce the production of IL-17A and reduce (or inhibit) the production (or expression or secretion) of IL-17A in mouse airway epithelium, thus inhibiting the JNK/AP1 signaling pathway to reduce the airway inflammation and improve the lung function of COPD mice.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(12): 1233-1236, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child with 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency. METHODS: Clinical data of the child was retrospectively analyzed. Targeted capture-next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out to detect potential variants. RESULTS: The patient's main features included micropenis and hypospadia. He was found to harbor compound heterozygous c.680G>A (p.R227Q) and c.3G>T (p.M1I) variants of the SRD5A2 gene. Among these, c.680G>A (p.R227Q) was inherited from his father and was a known pathogenic mutation, while c.3G>T (p.M1I) was inherited from his mother and was unreported previously. CONCLUSION: The compound heterozygous variants of the SRD5A2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child, who was eventually diagnosed with 5α-reductase 2 deficiency.


Assuntos
Transtorno 46,XY do Desenvolvimento Sexual , Hipospadia , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo de Esteroides , 3-Oxo-5-alfa-Esteroide 4-Desidrogenase/genética , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides
12.
Food Funct ; 12(20): 9632-9641, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664577

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on the antioxidative and antiapoptotic activities of intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-J2). EPSs exhibited promising antioxidative activities, such as 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, hydroxyl radical (˙OH) and superoxide anion radical (O2˙-) scavenging, as well as ferrous ion chelating ability. Moreover, EPSs of LGG could effectively alleviate the IPEC-J2 oxidative damage induced by H2O2 through the Bcl-2-associated (Bax)/B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signaling pathways and up-regulated the intracellular tight junction (TJ)-related proteins. In addition, EPSs significantly improved the survival rates of H2O2-damaged IPEC-J2 cells and had no cytotoxic activity, suggesting that EPSs produced by LGG may be an effective drug for relieving oxidative stress. Our study provided a theoretical basis for exploration of the application of probiotic secondary metabolites in practice.

13.
Front Nutr ; 8: 728641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646851

RESUMO

Stroke is a public health threat that requires urgent attention in China. Nutrients have individual significant impacts on the prevalence of stroke. However, little research has been conducted on the impact of dietary knowledge on stroke and whether the impact is potentially heterogeneous under the effect of socioeconomic status. This study used the 2015 Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey to explore the impact of dietary knowledge and socioeconomic factors on populations suffering from stroke. Results indicated that risk of stroke decreased significantly with increasing dietary knowledge score. Additionally, the impact of dietary knowledge scores on the prevalence of stroke has obvious heterogeneity. First, dietary knowledge scores significantly influenced low-income groups and individuals with low educational levels. Second, the risk of stroke in females is more affected by dietary knowledge. Third, for people living in different areas, dietary knowledge determines whether rural populations suffer from stroke.

14.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 76, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465742

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection causes a broad clinical spectrum of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The development of COVID-19 may be the result of a complex interaction between the microbial, environmental, and host genetic components. To reveal genetic determinants of susceptibility to COVID-19 severity in the Chinese population, we performed a genome-wide association study on 885 severe or critical COVID-19 patients (cases) and 546 mild or moderate patients (controls) from two hospitals, Huoshenshan and Union hospitals at Wuhan city in China. We identified two loci on chromosome 11q23.3 and 11q14.2, which are significantly associated with the COVID-19 severity in the meta-analyses of the two cohorts (index rs1712779: odds ratio [OR] = 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38-0.63 for T allele; P = 1.38 × 10-8; and index rs10831496: OR = 1.66; 95% CI, 1.38-1.98 for A allele; P = 4.04 × 10-8, respectively). The results for rs1712779 were validated in other two small COVID-19 cohorts in the Asian populations (P = 0.029 and 0.031, respectively). Furthermore, we identified significant eQTL associations for REXO2, C11orf71, NNMT, and CADM1 at 11q23.3, and CTSC at 11q14.2, respectively. In conclusion, our findings highlight two loci at 11q23.3 and 11q14.2 conferring susceptibility to the severity of COVID-19, which might provide novel insights into the pathogenesis and clinical treatment of this disease.

15.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 268, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588425

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of JAK2/STAT3 is a major oncogenic signaling event involved in the development of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). In the present study, we investigated the antilymphoma activity of TG101209, a specific JAK2 inhibitor, on EBV-positive and EBV-negative Burkitt lymphoma cell lines and primary BL cells. The results showed that TG101209 had a significant antilymphoma effect by inhibiting BL cell growth and inducing apoptosis along with cell differentiation toward mature B cells in vitro. We also found that TG101209 displayed significant synergistic action and a sensitizing effect on the anti-Burkitt lymphoma activity of doxorubicin. In vivo experiments indicated that TG101209 could suppress tumor growth and prolong the overall survival of BL cell-bearing mice. The mechanistic study indicated that TG101209, by suppressing the JAK2/STAT3/c-MYB signaling axis and crosstalk between the downstream signaling pathways, plays an antilymphoma role. These data suggested that TG101209 may be a promising agent or alternative choice for the treatment of BL.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(8): 8860-8872, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540000

RESUMO

In patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, like imatinib, can cause death, progression to accelerated phase or blast crises, and the need for maintenance treatment. Icaritin is an active component of the genus Epimedium, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Icaritin has been shown to notably inhibit the growth of CML cells. To explore the potential mechanisms of inhibiting growth and inducing cell senescence in imatinib-resistant CML cells by icaritin, MTT assays were used to assess the cell viability. The apoptosis and cell cycle arrest were evaluated using flow cytometry. The SA-ß-Gal staining and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were measured using flow cytometry to detect the senescent cells. qRT-PCR was conducted to assess the expression of the cell cycle-associated proteins, and western blotting was used to analyze the expressions of the JAK2 and STAT3 phosphorylation proteins. The results showed that icaritin inhibited cell growth and induced cell senescence in imatinib-resistant CML cells, which is associated with the regulation of the JAK2/STAT3/P21 axis and accompanied by the accumulation of ROS. Our data suggest that icaritin is a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of imatinib-resistant patients with CML.

17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 951, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic, resulting in considerable mortality. The risk factors, clinical treatments, especially comprehensive risk models for COVID-19 death are urgently warranted. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 281 non-survivors and 712 survivors with propensity score matching by age, sex, and comorbidities were enrolled from January 13, 2020 to March 31, 2020. RESULTS: Higher SOFA, qSOFA, APACHE II and SIRS scores, hypoxia, elevated inflammatory cytokines, multi-organ dysfunction, decreased immune cell subsets, and complications were significantly associated with the higher COVID-19 death risk. In addition to traditional predictors for death risk, including APACHE II (AUC = 0.83), SIRS (AUC = 0.75), SOFA (AUC = 0.70) and qSOFA scores (AUC = 0.61), another four prediction models that included immune cells subsets (AUC = 0.90), multiple organ damage biomarkers (AUC = 0.89), complications (AUC = 0.88) and inflammatory-related indexes (AUC = 0.75) were established. Additionally, the predictive accuracy of combining these risk factors (AUC = 0.950) was also significantly higher than that of each risk group alone, which was significant for early clinical management for COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: The potential risk factors could help to predict the clinical prognosis of COVID-19 patients at an early stage. The combined model might be more suitable for the death risk evaluation of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Sepse , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activated neutrophil-derived exosomes reportedly contribute to the proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs), thereby aggravating the airway wall remodeling during asthma; however, the specific mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-EXO and si-CRNDE-EXO were extracted from the media of human neutrophils treated with LPS and LPS + si-CRNDE (a siRNA targets long non-coding RNA CRNDE), respectively. Human ASMCs were co-cultured with LPS-EXO or si-CRNDE-EXO, and cell viability, proliferation, and migration were measured. The interplay of CRNDE, inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit beta (IKKß), and nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group C member 2 (TAK1) was explored using RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and Co-IP assays. A mouse model of asthma was induced using ovalbumin. RESULTS: CRNDE was upregulated in LPS-EXO and successfully transferred from LPS-treated neutrophils to ASMCs through exosome. Mechanically, CRNDE loaded in LPS-EXO reinforced TAK1-mediated IKKß phosphorylation, thereby activating the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. Functionally, silencing CRNDE in LPS-EXO, an IKKß inhibitor, and an NF-κB inhibitor all removed the upregulation of cell viability, proliferation, and migration induced by LPS-EXO in ASMCs. In the end, the in vivo experiment demonstrated that CRNDE knockdown in neutrophils effectively reduced the thickness of bronchial smooth muscle in a mouse model for asthma. CONCLUSION: Activated neutrophils-derived CRNDE was transferred to ASMCs through exosomes and activated the NF-κB pathway by enhancing IKKß phosphorylation. The latter promoted the proliferation and migration of ASMCs and then contributed to airway remodeling in asthma.

19.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(21): e2100683, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535975

RESUMO

Ferritin internalized into tumor cells is degraded and releases iron ions via ferritinophagy. Iron ions participate in Fenton reaction to produce reactive oxygen species for lipid peroxidation and ferroptosis. Inhibition of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) decreases tryptophan elimination to induce T cells activation for tumor immunosuppression relief. The active tumor targeting nanoparticles containing ferritin and a pH-sensitive molecular-switch (FPBC@SN) are developed to utilize ferritinophagy-cascade ferroptosis and tumor immunity activation for cancer therapy. FPBC@SN disintegrates in acidic cytoplasm and releases sorafenib (SRF) and IDO inhibitor (NLG919). SRF upregulates nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4) to induce ferritin and endogenous iron pool degradation by ferritinophagy, then obtained iron ions participate in the Fenton reaction to produce lipid peroxide (LPO). Meanwhile, SRF blocks glutathione synthesis to downregulate glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) which can scavenge LPO as a different pathway from ferritinophagy to promote ferroptosis in tumor cells. NLG919 inhibits IDO to reduce tryptophan metabolism, so immunity in tumors is aroused to anti-tumor. In vitro and in vivo experiments prove FPBC@SN inhibits tumor cell growth and metastasis, indicating the potential of FPBC@SN for breast cancer therapy based on the combination of ferritinophagy-cascade ferroptosis and tumor immunity activation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ferroptose , Nanopartículas , Autofagia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Polímeros
20.
Front Med ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387851

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally. Although mixed liver impairment has been reported in COVID-19 patients, the association of liver injury caused by specific subtype especially chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with COVID-19 has not been elucidated. In this multi-center, retrospective, and observational cohort study, 109 CHB and 327 non-CHB patients with COVID-19 were propensity score matched at an approximate ratio of 3:1 on the basis of age, sex, and comorbidities. Demographic characteristics, laboratory examinations, disease severity, and clinical outcomes were compared. Furthermore, univariable and multivariable logistic and Cox regression models were used to explore the risk factors for disease severity and mortality, respectively. A higher proportion of CHB patients (30 of 109 (27.52%)) developed into severe status than non-CHB patients (17 of 327 (5.20%)). In addition to previously reported liver impairment markers, such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin, we identified several novel risk factors including elevated lactate dehydrogenase (⩾ 245 U/L, hazard ratio (HR) = 8.639, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.528-29.523; P < 0.001) and coagulation-related biomarker D-dimer (⩾ 0.5 µg/mL, HR = 4.321, 95% CI = 1.443-12.939; P = 0.009) and decreased albumin (< 35 g/L, HR = 0.131, 95% CI = 0.048-0.361; P < 0.001) and albumin/globulin ratio (< 1.5, HR = 0.123, 95% CI = 0.017-0.918; P = 0.041). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients with CHB were more likely to develop into severe illness and die. The risk factors that we identified may be helpful for early clinical surveillance of critical progression.

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