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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 771789, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805325

RESUMO

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has achieved satisfactory outcomes in the selected patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), predominately type 1 BAV (~90%). However, there are few reports about the safety and efficacy of TAVI in type 0 BAV. Therefore, in the current study, we aimed to compare procedural and 30-day outcomes after TAVI between type 0 and type 1 BAV. Methods: Studies comparing the outcomes of TAVI in Sievers type 0 vs. type 1 BAV were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from inception to May 2021. The data were extracted regarding the study characteristics and outcomes. The odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were pooled for procedural and 30-day outcomes. Results: Six observational studies were included with determined type 0 BAV in 226 patients and type 1 BAV in 902 patients. The patients with type 0 BAV were slightly younger, had larger supra-annular structure, and more frequently implanted self-expanding prosthesis compared with type 1 BAV. In the pooled analyses, the patients with type 0 BAV had a similar incidence of procedural death (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 0.7-10.3), device success (OR = 0.6; 95% CI 0.3-1.3), and ≥ mild (OR = 0.8; 95% CI 0.4-1.6) or moderate (OR = 0.9, 95% CI 0.4-1.8) paravalvular leak, whereas significantly higher mean aortic gradient (mean difference = 1.4 mmHg, 95% CI 0.03-2.7) and increased coronary compromise risk (OR = 7.2; 95% CI 1.5-34.9), compared with type 1 BAV. Meanwhile, the incidence of death (OR = 1.2; 95% CI 0.5-3.1), stroke (OR = 0.5; 95% CI 0.1-2.4), and new pacemaker (OR = 0.6; 95% CI 0.2-2.2) at 30 days were not significantly different between the BAV morphologies (p > 0.05). The treatment effect heterogeneity across the studies for the above outcomes were low. Conclusions: The patients with type 0 BAV appear to have similar short-term outcomes after TAVI compared with type 1 BAV. Whereas, TAVI for type 0 BAV aortic stenosis might lead to an elevated coronary obstruction risk and suboptimal aortic valvular hemodynamics.

2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 757926, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796216

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Omentin-1 is a novel cytokine that is primarily released by the epicardial adipose tissue. Molecular structure analysis revealed that it contained a fibrinogen-like domain. Clinical studies have demonstrated that the expression of omentin-1 is tightly associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, but the receptor by which omentin-1 modulates macrophage function has not been identified yet. Objective: This study sought to investigate the effect of omentin-1 on already-established atherosclerosis (AS) lesions in both ApoE-/- and Ldlr-/- mice and further, study its underlying mechanisms. Methods and Results: We investigated the effect of omentin-1 on the plaque phenotype by implanting a minipump in ApoE-/- and Ldlr-/- mice. In vivo studies showed that the infusion of omentin-1 increased the collagen content and mitigated the formation of the necrotic core in both animal models. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analysis revealed that omentin-1 suppressed inflammatory cytokines expression, macrophage infiltration, and apoptosis within the plaque. An immunoprecipitation experiment and confocal microscopy analysis confirmed the binding of omentin-1 to the integrin receptors αvß3 and αvß5. The cell studies demonstrated that omentin-1 suppressed the apoptosis and inflammatory cytokines expression induced by the oxidized low-density lipoprotein in the macrophage. In addition, omentin-1 promoted the phosphorylation of the integrin-relevant signaling pathway as well as the Akt and AMPK in the macrophage. The addition of the inhibitor of the integrin receptor or interfering with the expression of the integrin subunit αv (ITGAV) both significantly abrogated the bioeffects induced by omentin-1. A flow cytometry analysis indicated that the antibodies against αvß3 and αvß5 had a competitive effect on the omentin-1 binding to the cell membrane. Conclusions: The administration of adipokine omentin-1 can inhibit the necrotic cores formation and pro-inflammatory cytokines expression within the AS lesion. The mechanisms may include the suppression of apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokines expression in the macrophage by binding to the integrin receptors αvß3 and αvß5.

3.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 736879, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621158

RESUMO

Substantia gelatinosa (SG) neurons, which are located in the spinal dorsal horn (lamina II), have been identified as the "central gate" for the transmission and modulation of nociceptive information. Rebound depolarization (RD), a biophysical property mediated by membrane hyperpolarization that is frequently recorded in the central nervous system, contributes to shaping neuronal intrinsic excitability and, in turn, contributes to neuronal output and network function. However, the electrophysiological and morphological properties of SG neurons exhibiting RD remain unclarified. In this study, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed on SG neurons from parasagittal spinal cord slices. RD was detected in 44.44% (84 out of 189) of the SG neurons recorded. We found that RD-expressing neurons had more depolarized resting membrane potentials, more hyperpolarized action potential (AP) thresholds, higher AP amplitudes, shorter AP durations, and higher spike frequencies in response to depolarizing current injection than neurons without RD. Based on their firing patterns and morphological characteristics, we propose that most of the SG neurons with RD mainly displayed tonic firing (69.05%) and corresponded to islet cell morphology (58.82%). Meanwhile, subthreshold currents, including the hyperpolarization-activated cation current (I h ) and T-type calcium current (I T ), were identified in SG neurons with RD. Blockage of I h delayed the onset of the first spike in RD, while abolishment of I T significantly blunted the amplitude of RD. Regarding synaptic inputs, SG neurons with RD showed lower frequencies in both spontaneous and miniature excitatory synaptic currents. Furthermore, RD-expressing neurons received either Aδ- or C-afferent-mediated monosynaptic and polysynaptic inputs. However, RD-lacking neurons received afferents from monosynaptic and polysynaptic Aδ fibers and predominantly polysynaptic C-fibers. These findings demonstrate that SG neurons with RD have a specific cell-type distribution, and may differentially process somatosensory information compared to those without RD.

4.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(41): 11548-11556, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615358

RESUMO

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorescent molecules with unique photoelectric properties have received extensive attention due to the wide range of applications. In this work, two novel phenothiazine-based luminophores DPE-PTZ-Cl and DPE-PTZ-CF3 were designed based on the frontier molecular orbital (FMO) theory and construction strategy of AIEgens. As expected, both of the luminophores displayed typical AIE behavior and realized the spatial separation of FMOs, which was confirmed by the positive solvatochromism behavior. Their AIE properties could be attributed to the twisted three-dimensional (3D) conformation. Such a conformation resulted from "butterfly-like" phenothiazine and a multirotor structure of diphenylethylene. The spatial separation of FMOs originated from the push-pull electronic synergistic effect of the donor-acceptor (D-A) architecture. Interestingly, DPE-PTZ-Cl also showed a rare blue-shifted mechanochromic (MC) luminescence property. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) experiments were carried out to reveal that the phase transformation between crystalline and amorphous states was responsible for the peculiar solid-state luminescence phenomenon.

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3159-3166, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658201

RESUMO

We analyzed soil water, nutrients, and yields in three different slope sites in the sloping farmland under Yuluxiang pear planted in the loess hilly region of Western Shanxi, across the growth periods and different soil depths. The results showed that: 1) The yield of pear was in the order of high slope site > middle slope site > low slope site. In high slope site, the yield was significantly correlated with soil water content (SWC), soil organic matter (SOM), available potassium (AK), with AK showing the most significant effect. The yield of pear in middle and low slope sites was significantly correlated with SWC, SOM, and total nitrogen (TN), with SWC having the most significant effect on yield. The contents of SWC, SOM, available phosphorus (AP) and TN in high slope site were higher than in middle and low slope sites, while AK was the highest in middle slope site. 2) Among different soil depths, soil nutrient contents were the highest within 0-20 cm soil layer, but the lowest within 20-40 cm soil layer. The SWC was significantly lower within 0-20 cm than the other soil layers and was the highest within 20-40 cm soil layer. 3) Among different growth periods, the contents of SOM, AP, and TN were the highest in flowering period, the SWC was the highest in fruiting period, and AK content was the highest in maturing period. It was suggested that in the future management of pear water and fertilizer in the region, more K fertilizer should be applied in the high slope sites in the flowering period, while N and P compound fertilizer should be applied in the fruiting period, to enhance irrigation in middle and low slope sites to decrease the limitation of water with 300 m3·hm-2. Our results could provide theoretical support and data refe-rence for planting precision irrigation and scientific fertilization of pear planted in loess hilly areas.


Assuntos
Pyrus , Solo , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Água
6.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562018

RESUMO

In patients with beta-thalassaemia intermedia or major, hepcidin induces iron overload by continuously promoting iron absorption. There have been no studies in pregnant women with beta-thalassaemia minor combined with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), examining whether hepcidin is inhibited by GDF15, as may occur in patients with beta-thalassaemia intermedia or major, or whether the iron metabolism characteristics and the effect of iron supplementation are consistent with simple IDA in pregnancy. We compared and analysed routine blood parameters, iron metabolism parameters, the GDF15 levels, and the hepcidin levels among four groups, namely the beta-thalassaemia (ß) + IDA, ß, IDA, and normal groups. In addition, the ß + IDA and IDA groups received iron supplementation for four weeks. We found no statistically significant correlation between hepcidin and GDF15 in any group, but a positive correlation was observed between hepcidin and ferritin. After iron supplementation, the routine blood parameters and iron metabolism parameters in the ß + IDA group were improved, and the hepcidin content was significantly increased. These results suggest that in pregnant women with beta-thalassaemia minor, hepcidin functions normally to maintain iron homeostasis, and that iron supplementation is effective and safe.

7.
J Toxicol Sci ; 46(9): 413-423, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470993

RESUMO

An increased susceptibility to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in female rat offspring that experienced prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) has been previously demonstrated. The present study further investigated the potential mechanism. Based on the results from both fetal and adult studies of offspring rats that experienced PEE (4 g/kg/day), the fetal weight, serum glucose and triglyceride levels decreased significantly and hepatocellular ultra-structure was altered. Fetal livers exhibited inhibited expression and activity of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), enhanced expression of lipogenic genes: sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c), fatty acid synthase (FASN), acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase α (ACCα), stearyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1). In adult offspring fed with high-fat diet, the PEE offspring revealed obviously catch-up growth, increased food intake, elevated serum metabolic phenotypes, suppressed hepatic SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway, and formation of NAFLD. Resveratrol (the chemical activator of SIRT1) could remarkably reverse the serum metabolic phenotypes and alleviate the hepatocyte steatosis in relation to the PEE offspring through activating the hepatic SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway. Therefore, increased susceptibility to diet-induced NAFLD in PEE offspring appears to be mediated by intrauterine programming of hepatic lipogenesis via the SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway. This altered programming effect could partially be reversed by resveratrol intervention after birth in PEE offspring rats.

8.
Sci Adv ; 7(33)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380613

RESUMO

Human trophoblast stem cells (hTSCs) provide a valuable model to study placental development and function. While primary hTSCs have been derived from embryos/early placenta, and transdifferentiated hTSCs from naïve human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), the generation of hTSCs from primed PSCs is problematic. We report the successful generation of TSCs from primed hPSCs and show that BMP4 substantially enhances this process. TSCs derived from primed hPSCs are similar to blastocyst-derived hTSCs in terms of morphology, proliferation, differentiation potential, and gene expression. We define the chromatin accessibility dynamics and histone modifications (H3K4me3/H3K27me3) that specify hPSC-derived TSCs. Consistent with low density of H3K27me3 in primed hPSC-derived hTSCs, we show that knockout of H3K27 methyltransferases (EZH1/2) increases the efficiency of hTSC derivation from primed hPSCs. Efficient derivation of hTSCs from primed hPSCs provides a simple and powerful model to understand human trophoblast development, including the pathogenesis of trophoblast-related disorders, by generating disease-specific hTSCs.

9.
Sci Robot ; 6(57)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433656

RESUMO

Fibers capable of generating axial contraction are commonly seen in nature and engineering applications. Despite the broad applications of fiber actuators, it is still very challenging to fabricate fiber actuators with combined large actuation strain, fast response speed, and high power density. Here, we report the fabrication of a liquid crystal elastomer (LCE) microfiber actuators using a facile electrospinning technique. Owing to the extremely small size of the LCE microfibers, they can generate large actuation strain (~60 percent) with a fast response speed (<0.2 second) and a high power density (400 watts per kilogram), resulting from the nematic-isotropic phase transition of liquid crystal mesogens. Moreover, no performance degradation is detected in the LCE microfibers after 106 cycles of loading and unloading with the maximum strain of 20 percent at high temperature (90 degree Celsius). The small diameter of the LCE microfiber also results in a self-oscillatory behavior in a steady temperature field. In addition, with a polydopamine coating layer, the actuation of the electrospun LCE microfiber can be precisely and remotely controlled by a near-infrared laser through photothermal effect. Using the electrospun LCE microfiber actuator, we have successfully constructed a microtweezer, a microrobot, and a light-powered microfluidic pump.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(32): 7665-7670, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351768

RESUMO

Because of the complex composition of the apparent activation energy, the rate-determining step in a photocatalytic reaction like hydrogen evolution is still being explored even after sluggish oxygen evolution is replaced with efficient hole extraction. This issue severely limits the implementation of certain strategies like the synergistic thermal effect. Here, by developing a combined monitor method based on open-circuit potential decay, we demonstrate that semiconductor-cocatalyst interfacial electron transfer occurring on a decisecond to second time scale dominates photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. This time scale is approximately 6-12 orders of magnitude larger than the widely reported values of picoseconds to microseconds and is comparable to that predicted by Durrant et al. To improve photocatalytic hydrogen evolution, we manage to create more intermediate sites by electronically doping the semiconductor surface. This measure promotes semiconductor-cocatalyst interfacial electron transfer by charge recombination and makes the synergistic thermal effect very evident.

11.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(9): 2710-2711, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435129

RESUMO

Schizothorax dulongensis Huang (1985) is an endemic species in China, which is mainly distributed in the Irrawaddy River and its tributaries. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome was sequenced. Its length is 16,579 bp, containing 22 tRNAs, two rRNAs, and 13 PCGs. The phylogenetic results showed that S. dulongensis and these species from Brahmaputra River clustered a clade, and supported the Brahmaputra River and the Irrawaddy River have been reorganized of drainage.

12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 664766, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421817

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a common obstetric disorder affecting 2-8% of pregnancy worldwide. Fibrosis is an important histological change occurring in preeclamptic placenta, and might depend on the excess deposition of collagen I. However, the role of fibrotic placenta and collagen I in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia remains unclear. Therefore, we analyzed the collagen deposition and the expression of Collagen I in human placenta by Masson staining, Sirius red staining and western blotting. Further, the role of collagen I in preeclampsia pathogenesis was studied in C57BL/6 mice. HTR-8/SVneo cells were used to investigate the mechanisms underlying the effects of collagen I in trophoblasts by transcriptome sequencing and pharmacological agonists. Human preeclamptic placenta exhibited a significantly higher degree of fibrosis in stem villi and terminal villi than normal placenta, and was characterized by collagen I deposition. In vivo, a single injection of collagen I on gestational day 0.5 led to an increase in systolic pressure of pregnant mice from gestational days 4.5-17.5, to a decrease in weight and number of embryos, and to enhanced placental collagen I expression and degree of fibrosis compared with control mice. In vitro, collagen I attenuated the proliferation and invasion of HTR-8SV/neo cells. This effect could be reversed by treatment with agonists of ERK and ß-catenin. Moreover, transcriptome sequencing demonstrated that signaling pathways related to cell proliferation and invasion were significantly downregulated in HTR-8SV/neo cells. Thus, we propose that collagen I induced preeclampsia-like symptoms by suppressing the proliferation and invasion of trophoblasts through inhibition of the ERK phosphorylation and WNT/ß-catenin signaling pathways. Our findings could pave the way to the discovery of small-molecule inhibitors for preeclampsia treatment and future studies with larger sample size are required.

13.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(6)2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198687

RESUMO

To understand the intestinal microbial diversity and community structure of bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) under different feeding strategies, 39 fish from three groups (A: 9 fish, natural live food only; B: 15 fish, natural live food + fish formulated feeds; C: 15 fish, natural live food + fish formulated feed + lactic acid bacteria) were obtained for the high throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing. We first examined five non-specific immunity indications of the carp-lysozyme (LZM), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Interestingly, the composition of gut microbiota and related non-specific immune indices were affected by the feeding treatment of the bighead carp. Notably, all enzyme activity indexes were significantly different (p < 0.01) in the spleen and three enzyme activity indexes (LZM, GSH-PX, and SOD) had significant differences in the hepatopancreas (p < 0.001) of the carp from the three groups. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed higher diversity in groups B and C. Compared to group A, the relative abundance of Actinobacteria increased significantly and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Firmicutes decreased significantly in groups B and C at the phylum level. Functional analysis revealed the association between non-specific immune indicators and import genera in the hepatopancreas and spleen of bighead carp. This study provides new insights into the gut microbiomes and non-specific immune of bighead carp.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 154(22): 221102, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241232

RESUMO

The major objective of the emerging photo-thermo-catalysis is using waste heat to boost the photocatalytic reaction, especially that powered by sunlight. Because of the complex composition of light-intensity-dependent apparent activation energies, the issue that principally hinders the synergistic thermal effect to photocatalysis has hardly been accurately explored. In this work, by virtue of mutual match of theoretical simulation and experimental behaviors, we demonstrate that photocatalytic reaction rates exhibit a sensitively positive correlation with temperature under weak illumination, in which charge recombination predominates the rate-determining step of semiconductor-cocatalyst interfacial electron transfer. Under high-intensity irradiation, however, the aggravation of charge leakage inherently accompanied by thermionic emission severely weakens the synergistic thermal effect or even slows down the reaction by raising the temperature. Inspired by these, we manage to maximize the photocatalytic solar utilization by spherical incidence of sunlight with the assistance of low-grade heat.

15.
3 Biotech ; 11(6): 295, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136332

RESUMO

D-pantothenic acid (D-PA), as a crucial vitamin, is widely used in food, animal feed, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries. In our previous work, recombinant Escherichia coli W3110 for production of D-PA was constructed through metabolic pathway modification. In this study, to enhance D-PA production, statistical optimization techniques including Plackett-Burman (PB) design and Box-Behnken design (BBD) first were adopted to optimize the culture condition. The results showed that the glucose, ß-alanine and (NH4)2SO4 have the most significant effects on D-PA biosynthesis. The response surface model based on BBD predicted that the optimal concentration is glucose 56.0 g/L, ß-alanine 2.25 g/L and (NH4)2SO4 11.8 g/L, the D-PA titer increases from 3.2 g/L to 6.73 g/L shake flask fermentation. For the fed-batch fermentation in 5 L fermenter, the isoleucine feeding strategy greatly increased the titer and productivity of D-PA. As a result, titer (31.6 g/L) and productivity (13.2 g/L·d) of D-PA were achieved, they increased by 4.66 times and 2.65 times, respectively, compared with batch culture. At the same time, the accumulation of acetate reduced from 29.79 g/L to 8.55 g/L in the fed-batch fermentation. These results demonstrated that the optimization of medium composition and the cell growth rate are important to increase the concentration of D-PA for microbial fermentation. This work laid the foundation for further research on the application of D-PA microbial synthesis. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-021-02773-0.

16.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 353: 109296, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147839

RESUMO

Peanut is an important resource of edible oil and digestible protein in daily life, which is rich in the nutriments and antioxidants such as vitamins, minerals and polyphenols. However, peanut is susceptible to the contamination of Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus), which can produce highly carcinogenic toxins that brings serious threats to human health and food safety. Exploring green and effective methods to control A. flavus is meaningful. Herein, a green and economical way to control A. flavus on peanuts was demonstrated. It was found that the growth of A. flavus hyphae and germination of its spores could be inhibited in the presence of α-Fe2O3 nanorods under sunlight irradiation according to the agar diffusion method, flat colony counting method and fluorescence-based live/dead test. The diameter of inhibition zone was 22.3 ± 0.2 mm and the inhibition rate of spores germination was about 60 ± 5%, when the concentration of α-Fe2O3 was 10 mg/mL for 7 h sunlight irradiation. Most important, α-Fe2O3 showed the photocatalytic inhibition of A. flavus on peanuts under sunlight irradiation with the inhibition rate of about 90 ± 5%, and the production of aflatoxin B1 and aflatoxin B2 were reduced by 90 ± 2% and 70 ± 3%, respectively. By comparing the fat contents, protein contents, acid value, peroxide value and antioxidative compositions of peanuts, it was found that there was no obvious effect on the quality of peanuts after inhibition treatment. The findings provide a green, safe and economical strategy to control A. flavus on peanuts, which may be as a promising way to be used in food and agro-food preservation.


Assuntos
Aflatoxinas , Arachis , Aspergillus flavus , Nanotubos , Luz Solar , Aflatoxinas/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Arachis/química , Arachis/microbiologia , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus flavus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aspergillus flavus/metabolismo , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos da radiação , Nanotubos/química
17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(9): 12849-12864, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946045

RESUMO

As an important transcription factor, zinc-finger and BTB domain-containing 7B (ZBTB7C) plays an important role in a variety of tumors. However, its relationship with human immunity is unclear. This article aims to study its differential expression and survival across cancers and explore the relationships between its differential expression and the tumor microenvironment and immune cell infiltration. In this study, we used R software to process The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data and explored the expression pattern and prognostic value of ZBTB7C across cancers. Next, we comprehensively explained the important role of ZBTB7C in several tumor types in terms of tumor mutational burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI) and immune cell infiltration. In general, the expression level of ZBTB7C in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues. Highly expressed ZBTB7C was beneficial to the survival of patients with colon adenocarcinoma (COAD), lymphoid neoplasm diffuses large B cell lymphoma (DLBC), esophageal carcinoma (ESCA) and mesothelioma (MESO). Multivariate analysis showed that the expression of ZBTB7C was an independent prognostic factor in COAD and MESO. In COAD, the expression of ZBTB7C was positively correlated with both TMB and MSI. In colorectal cancer (CRC), there was a significant positive correlation between ZBTB7C expression and immune cell infiltration, especially the infiltration of mast cells and B cells. In conclusion, ZBTB7C can be used as a potential therapeutic target across cancers and is related to immune cell infiltration.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Mutação , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
18.
J Fish Biol ; 99(3): 1071-1078, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037242

RESUMO

The presence of breeding tubercles (BTs) on the pectoral fins has been investigated as a typical male secondary sexual characteristic (SSC) that distinguish males from females in adult zebrafish. Nonetheless, the earliest occurrence of these tubercles and its association with puberty onset and body growth remain unclear. In this study, using morphological, histological and statistical analyses, the authors examined the first appearance of BTs and puberty onset in male zebrafish, with particular emphasis on the potential impact of body growth on them. The results of this study revealed that BTs distributed along the first five branched pectoral fin rays were the earliest manifestation of male SSCs, which is significantly strongly correlated with body weight (R2  = 0.9609, P < 0.001), and could be used as a "gold standard" for the earliest sex distinction (<0.1 g in weight). Using the first appearance of BTs (<0.20 mm2 ) as a metric, the authors established that male puberty commenced at a body weight of c. 0.056 ± 0.015 g or a standard length of 10.99 ± 1.051 mm (mean ± S.D.). In this study, the authors thus established a simple method that can be used to sex live zebrafish at the pubertal stage and provides the first evidence for the relationship of BTs and male puberty initiation with body growth. These findings will accordingly lay a foundation for exploring mechanisms of the SSCs and male puberty onset in zebrafish and other teleost fish.


Assuntos
Maturidade Sexual , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 650227, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34055933

RESUMO

Introduction: Hypertension is one of the major risk factors to human health and human studies on association between gut microbiota and hypertension or blood pressure have received increased attention. In the present study, we aim to evaluate gut microbiota dysbiosis in human hypertension using a method of systematic review. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched until March 2021 to identify eligible articles. Additional articles were also identified by searching specific authors in this field. Inclusion criteria were observational studies based on stool samples with hypertension group and control group. Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale (NOS) was used to assess the quality of the included studies. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020212219. Results: A total of 17 studies enrolling 9,085 participants were included. Fifteen of the enrolled studies showed good quality and two studies showed fair quality based on NOS. We found alpha diversity in hypertension decreased significantly and microbial structure can be separated compared with control groups. Gut microbiota of hypertension showed depletion of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) producers and over-growth of some Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes members. Up-regulation of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis, phosphotransferase system, ABC transporters, etc. and down-regulation of some amino acid metabolism, etc. in hypertension were reported. Fecal SCFAs levels increased and plasma SCFAs levels decreased in hypertension. Stronger microbial interactions in hypertension were seen. Conclusion: In conclusion, gut microbiota dysbiosis was observed in hypertension, including decreased diversity, altered microbial structure, compositional change of taxa, alterations of microbial function, nutritional and immunological factors, and microbial interactions. Poor absorption and high excretion of SCFAs may play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. These findings may provide insights into etiology study and new microbial-based therapies of hypertension. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO database, identifier CRD42020212219.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(20): 24164-24172, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973764

RESUMO

Additive manufacturing of electrically responsive soft actuators is of great importance in designing and constructing novel soft robots and soft machines. However, there are very limited options for 3D-printable and electrically responsive soft materials. Herein, we report a strategy of 3D printing polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gel actuators that are electrically controllable. We print a jellyfish-like actuator from PVC ink, which can achieve 130° bending in less than 5 s. With the multi-material 3D printing technique, we have further printed a soft actuator with a stiffness gradient that can generate undulatory motion. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, we show that a 3D-printed PVC gel-based smart window can change its transparency upon the application of voltage. The 3D printing strategy developed in this article may expand the potential applications of electrically responsive soft materials in diverse engineering fields.

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