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1.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 43(1): 103235, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563802

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prior cancer history is an important exclusion criterion from clinical trials and may decrease their generalizability. This study aimed to investigate the impact of prior cancer on the prognosis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and to describe their characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 were collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The discrepancy in baseline characteristics was adjusted by propensity score matching. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to assess the impact of prior cancer on overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 3412 individuals were identified, of which 418 (12.25%) had prior cancer. Prostate cancer was the most frequently detected type of prior cancer (18.42%). Nearly 45% of the prior cancers were diagnosed within 5 years before the nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Patients with prior cancer had an inferior survival compared to those without prior cancer (p < 0.001). Notably, patients with prior prostate, breast, hematological, and nasopharyngeal cancers had a non-inferior overall survival. Prior cancer history was an independent factor of poor overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.329, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to provide the comprehensive insight that patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and prior cancer have lower overall survival. Different prior cancer types had a different impact on the clinical outcome, suggesting that the exclusion criteria should be individually defined by unique cancer types.

2.
Virus Res ; 307: 198607, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688783

RESUMO

Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) infects pepper plants and induces severe yield losses in China. However, the molecular interaction between PMMoV and pepper plants is largely unknown. RNA silencing is a eukaryotically conserved mechanism against viruses mediated by virus-derived small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) in plants. In this study, the profiles of vsiRNAs from PMMoV in infected pepper plants were obtained by high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that vsiRNAs were predominantly 21 and 22 nucleotides (nts) in length, and had a U bias at the 5'-terminal. The single-nucleotide resolution maps revealed that vsiRNAs were heterogeneously distributed throughout PMMoV genomic RNAs and hotspots of sense and antisense strands were mainly located in the RdRp and CP coding regions. The host transcripts targeted by vsiRNAs were predicted and they are mainly involved in physiological pathways related to stress response, cell regulation, and metabolism process. In addition, PMMoV infection induced significant up-regulation of CaAGO1a/1b/2, CaDCL2 and CaRDR1 gene transcripts in pepper plants, which are important components involved in antiviral RNA silencing pathway. Taken together, our results suggest the possible roles of vsiRNAs in PMMoV-pepper interactions.

3.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt C): 112286, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between prenatal exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO2) and childhood wheezing and asthma is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between prenatal exposure to SO2 and childhood wheeze and asthma. To investigate the effects for the exposure during different pregnancy trimesters. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study firstly in Jinan City to get the prevalence of wheeze and asthma on children aged 18 months to 3 years. And then, we designed a case-control study based on population to evaluate the association between prenatal SO2 exposure and childhood asthma and wheezing. Based on the starting and ending date of pregnancy and specific residential addresses, the individual concentrations of SO2 during pregnancy was evaluated using an inverse distance weighted model. RESULTS: The prevalence of wheeze and asthma on children aged 18 months to 3 years was 2.07% in our cross-sectional study. 236 cases and 1445 controls were available for exposure estimates. The OR (95% CI) of 1.296 (1.130-1.491) was significant after adjusting for the covariates. In the first and third trimesters, the effects were enhanced to 1.602 (1.275-2.022) and 1.448 (1.179-1.783) in the multi-pollutant model with adjusting the effects of other trimesters. Coincidentally, the SO2 exposure level of the case in the first trimester was higher than that in the second and third trimesters (P < 0.001); however, there was no significant difference in exposure levels of the case between the second and third trimesters of pregnancy (P = 0.381). CONCLUSION: Prenatal exposure to higher concentration of SO2 could increase the risk of asthma and wheezing in younger children. The first trimester might be just the window for the toxic effect, while the third trimester was the sensitive window for the effect of SO2 exposure during pregnancy on childhood asthma.

4.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132019, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450372

RESUMO

The coexistence of antibiotics and heavy metals may result in complex ecotoxicological effects on living organisms. In this work, the combined toxic effects of norfloxacin (NOR) and copper (Cu) on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) were investigated due to the highly possible co-pollution tendency. The results indicated that locomotion behaviors (frequency of head thrash and body bend) of C. elegans were more sensitive as the exposure time of NOR or Cu prolonged. Meanwhile, the physiological indexes (locomotion behaviors, body length) of C. elegans were more sensitive to the combined pollution that with lower Cu dosage (0.0125 µM), in prolonged exposure experiments. In addition, the toxic effects of NOR-Cu on physiological indexes of C. elegans seemed to be alleviated during prolonged exposure when Cu was 1.25 µM. Similarly, the ROS production and apoptosis level almost unchanged with the addition of NOR compared with Cu (1.25 µM) exposure groups, but both significantly higher than the control groups. Furthermore, compared with Cu (0.0125 µM and 1.25 µM) exposure experiments, the addition of NOR had resulted in the genetic expression decrease of hsp-16.1, hsp-16.2, hsp-16.48, and the oxidative stress in C. elegans seems to be alleviated. However, the significantly decreased of ape-1 and sod-3 expression indicated the disruption of ROS defense mechanism. The irregular change in ace-1 and ace-2 gene expressions in NOR-Cu (0.0125 µM) would result in the locomotion behaviors disorders of C. elegans, and this also explains why C. elegans are more sensitive to the combination of NOR and lower concentration of Cu.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Cobre/toxicidade , Norfloxacino/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo
5.
J Pain Res ; 14: 3637-3648, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876848

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the analgesic efficacy and safety of acupuncture and lornoxicam in acute renal colic (ARC). Design Setting Participant: A randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled, single-centered trial was conducted at Susong County People's Hospital from October 2019 to November 2020. Eighty-four patients with ARC were randomly divided into lornoxicam group (Group L) and acupuncture group (Group A). Group A was treated with acupuncture at Sanyinjiao (SP6), Yinlingquan (SP9) and normal saline, and Group L was treated with sham acupuncture at SP6, SP9 and lornoxicam. Main Outcome Measures: Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and adverse reactions such as nausea and dizziness were recorded within 5, 10, 15, 20 and 40 minutes after treatment. The main outcome of this study was the short-term effective (STE) rate, the secondary outcome was the onset time, and the safety index was incidence of adverse reactions. Results: A total of 80 patients completed this study, including 41 patients (21 males and 20 females) in Group L and 39 patients (21 males and 18 females) in Group A. Group A exhibited lower scores versus group L after treatment (P < 0.05). The overall STE of group L was 61.00% (25/41), significantly lower than group A [84.62% (33/39)] (P < 0.001). There was no difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between group A [2.6% (1/39)] and group L [7.3% (3/41)] (P = 0.616). The ordered logistic regression analysis showed patients receiving acupuncture therapy are more likely to be cured [OR = 2.887, 95% CI: (1.190, 7.000), P = 0.019]. Conclusion: Acupuncture at SP6, SP9 and intramuscular injection of lornoxicam can effectively and safely relieve ARC, but the former has faster and better analgesic effect. Moreover, the incidence of adverse reactions was similar between the two treatments. This acupuncture therapy is recommended as a complementary therapy for ARC.

6.
ACS Omega ; 6(48): 33010-33017, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901652

RESUMO

Electrospun fibers are excellent delivery vehicles enabling a sustained release of growth factors to elicit favorable cell responses and are increasingly used in tissue engineering. Scaffolds with specific physical/topographical features can also guide cell migration and maturation. Therefore, growth factor-loaded electrospun scaffolds with a designed topography are promising for tissue regeneration. In this investigation, aligned-fiber scaffolds composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanofibers incorporating a glial cell line-derived growth factor and poly (d,l-lactic acid) nanofibers incorporating a nerve growth factor were produced by electrospinning. The scaffolds provided an aligned fibrous topography and a dual release of growth factors. The rat pheochromocytoma cell (PC12 cell) response to produced non-woven and aligned-fiber scaffolds with/without growth factors was studied. The dual release of growth factors and topographical cues provided by aligned-fiber bicomponent scaffolds induced significant neurite extension, neuronal differentiation, and neurite alignment in a synergistic manner. The scaffolds with predesigned biochemical/topographical cues demonstrated in this study might be promising for nerve tissue repair.

7.
mSystems ; : e0091121, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726491

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pumps are involved in bacterial intrinsic resistance to multiple antimicrobials. Expression of MDR efflux pumps can be either constitutive or transiently induced by various environmental signals, which are typically perceived by bacterial two-component systems (TCSs) and relayed to the bacterial nucleoid, where gene expression is modulated for niche adaptation. Here, we demonstrate that RstA/RstB, a TCS previously shown to control acid-induced and biofilm-related genes in Escherichia coli, confers resistance to multiple antibiotics in Pseudomonas fluorescens by directly regulating the MDR efflux pumps EmhABC and MexCD-OprJ. Moreover, we show that phosphorylation of the conserved Asp52 residue in RstA greatly enhances RstA-DNA interaction, and regulation of the multidrug resistance by RstA/RstB is dependent on the phosphorylation of the RstA Asp52 residue by RstB. Proteome analysis reveals RstA/RstB also positively regulates the efflux pump MexEF-OprN and enzymes involved in anaerobic nitrate respiration and pyoverdine biosynthesis. Our results suggest that, by coupling the expression of multiple efflux pumps and anaerobic nitrate respiration, RstA/RstB could play a role in defense against nitrosative stress caused by anaerobic nitrate respiration. IMPORTANCE Microenvironmental hypoxia typically increases bacterial multidrug resistance by elevating expression of multidrug efflux pumps, but the precise mechanism is currently not well understood. Here, we showed that the two-component system RstA/RstB not only positively regulated expression of several efflux pumps involved in multidrug resistance, but also promoted expression of enzymes involved in anaerobic nitrate respiration and pyoverdine biosynthesis. These results suggested that, by upregulating expression of efflux pumps and pyoverdine biosynthesis-related enzymes, RstA/RstB could play a role in promoting bacterial tolerance to hypoxia by providing protection against nitrosative stress.

8.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The GGC repeat expansion in the NOTCH2NLC gene has been identified as the genetic cause of neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID). Recently, this repeat expansion was also reported to be associated with essential tremor (ET). However, some patients with this repeat expansion, initially diagnosed with ET, were eventually diagnosed with NIID. Therefore, controversy remains regarding the clinical diagnosis of these expansion-positive patients presenting with tremor-dominant symptoms. This study aimed to clarify the clinical phenotype in tremor-dominant patients who have the GGC repeat expansion in the NOTCH2NLC gene. METHODS: We screened for pathogenic GGC repeat expansions in 602 patients initially diagnosed with ET and systematically re-evaluated the clinical features of the expansion-positive probands and their family members. RESULTS: Pathogenic GGC repeat expansion in the NOTCH2NLC gene was detected in 10 probands (1.66%). Seven of these probands were re-evaluated and found to have systemic areflexia, cognitive impairment, and abnormal nerve conduction, which prompted a change of diagnosis from ET to NIID. Three of the probands had typical hyperintensity in the corticomedullary junction on diffusion-weighted imaging. Intranuclear inclusions were detected in all four probands who underwent skin biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: The NIID tremor-dominant subtype can be easily misdiagnosed as ET. We should take NIID into account for differential diagnosis of ET. Systemic areflexia could be an important clinical clue suggesting that cranial magnetic resonance imaging examination, or even further genetic testing and skin biopsy examination, should be used to confirm the diagnosis of NIID.

9.
J Cancer ; 12(23): 6964-6978, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729099

RESUMO

Objective: Cyclin-dependent kinase regulatory subunit 2 (CKS2) plays a vital role in regulation of the cell cycle and cancer progression. However, the role of CKS2 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unkonwn. Here, we examined the prognostic value and biological functions of CKS2 in LUAD by using omics data of 1,235 LUAD samples from TCGA, GEO, and our own cohort as well as data of in vitro experiments. Methods: Kaplan-Meier was conducted to evaluate the prognostic value of CKS2 expression. The association between CKS2 expression level and tumor immune infiltration was explored using the single-sample Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (ssGSEA) and TIMER database. Functional enrichment analyses were performed to annotate the biological functions of CKS2 in LUAD. Furthermore, a series of in vitro experiments and immunohistochemistry were performed for validation. Results: CKS2 overexpression was correlated with the advanced stage, TP53 status, PD-L1 expression, and DNA hypomethylation. Moreover, patients with LUAD and high CKS2 expression exhibited poor overall survival. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that CKS2 was involved in cell division, cell cycle, DNA replication. Experiments in vitro indicated that CKS2 knockdown decreased the invasion and proliferation of LUAD cells and facilitated their apoptosis. ssGSEA and TIMER analysis revealed a negative correlation between CKS2 expression and the immune cell infiltration. Conclusions: In summary, High CKS2 expression was associated with poor prognosis and low levels of infiltrating immune cells in LUAD as well as with malignant phenotypes. Therefore, CKS2 may be a promising prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in LUAD.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1216, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that the Sec61 gamma subunit (SEC61G) is overexpressed in several tumors and could serve as a potential prognostic marker. However, the correlation between SEC61G and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. In the current study, we aimed to demonstrate the prognostic value and potential biological function of the SEC61G gene in LUAD. METHODS: Public datasets were used for SEC61G expression analyses. The prognostic value of SEC61G in LUAD was investigated using the Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox analyses. The correlation between the methylation level of SEC61G and its mRNA expression was evaluated via cBioPortal. Additionally, MethSurv was used to determine the prognostic value of the SEC61G methylation levels in LUAD. Functional enrichment analysis was conducted to explore the potential mechanism of SEC61G. Also, single sample GSEA (ssGSEA) and TIMER online tool were applied to identify the correlation between SEC61G and immune filtration. Furthermore, cell functional experiments were conducted to verify the biological behavior of SEC61G in lung adenocarcinoma cells (LAC). RESULTS: SEC61G was upregulated in pan-cancers, including LUAD. High SEC61G expression was significantly correlated with worse prognosis in LUAD patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high SEC61G expression was an independent prognostic factor in the TCGA cohort. (HR = 1.760 95% CI: 1.297-2.388, p < 0.001). The methylation level of SEC61G negatively correlated with the SEC61G expression (R = - 0.290, p < 0.001), and patients with low SEC61G methylation had worse overall survival. (p = 0.0014). Proliferation-associated terms such as cell cycle and cell division were significantly enriched in GO and KEGG analysis. Vitro experiments demonstrated that knockdown of SEC61G resulted in decreased cell proliferation, invasion and facilitated apoptosis in LAC. GSEA analysis found that SEC61G expression was associated with the E2F targets. Moreover, SEC61G expression was negatively correlated with the immune cell infiltration including CD4+ T cell, CD8+ T cell, B cell, macrophage, neutrophil, and dendritic cell. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that overexpression of SEC61G was significantly associated with poor prognosis of LUAD patients and the malignant phenotypes of LUAD cells, suggesting that it could be a novel prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target of LUAD.

11.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 207, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is still no definitely therapeutic evidence of a beneficial effect of chemotherapy with radiotherapy for older patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We aim to determine the influence of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and radiotherapy (RT) alone in patients aged 65 years or older with locally advanced ESCC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 581 ESCC patients who underwent CRT and RT alone. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the impact of clinical factors on long-term overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Finally, we compared the toxicity rates of these patients. RESULTS: The median OS and PFS of the overall population were 23.2 months (2.0-162.6 months) and 18.6 months (1.1-159.6 months). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that chemotherapy (p < 0.05), tumor thickness (p < 0.01), and N stage (p < 0.05) were independent prognostic factors associated with both OS and PFS. In the chemotherapy subgroup, patients who received 2-8 cycles of chemotherapy had better OS than those who received 1 cycle (p = 0.015). The results also revealed that the CRT group has better OS and PFS than RT alone group for patients aged 65-74 years (both p < 0.01). However, for patients aged 75 years or older, there was no statistically significant difference between CRT and RT alone (both p > 0.05). Besides, higher staged ESCC has the inferior OS and PFS than lower staged ESCC for patients received RT alone and aged 65-74 years (both p < 0.05). Finally, there were significantly more severe hematologic toxicities in the CRT group than in those treated with RT alone in this study (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that CRT for locally advanced ESCC in patients aged 65 years or older had a significant benefit over RT alone in terms of OS and PFS. However, for patients aged 75 years or older, there was no statistically significant difference between CRT and RT alone. CRT should be performed with special attention in patients aged 75 years or older.

12.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(4): 1165, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504610

RESUMO

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is an important therapeutic target in pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH); however, the mechanism of its activation remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) could regulate FAK and alleviate PAH in a rat model of PAH established with a single administration of monocrotaline followed by continuous hypoxia treatment. In the current study, right ventricular pressure, body weight and the right ventricular hypertrophy index were measured, and hematoxylin-eosin staining was performed on lung tissues to determine whether the modeling was successful. Changes in the serum levels of FAK were measured using an ELISA kit to evaluate the association between ACE2 and FAK. The mRNA expression levels of ACE2, FAK, caspase-3 and survivin were determined using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The protein expression levels of ACE2, phosphorylated FAK/FAK, cleaved caspase-3/pro-caspase-3 and survivin were determined via western blotting. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the expression of FAK around the pulmonary arterioles. Apoptosis of smooth muscle cells around pulmonary arterioles was observed by TUNEL staining. After treatment with the ACE2 activator DIZE or inhibitor DX-600, the results demonstrated that ACE2 reduced PAH-induced changes in arteriole morphology compared with the control. It also inhibited FAK expression in serum. WB and RT-qPCR results suggested that ACE2 inhibited the expression of FAK and pathway-related proteins, and promoted caspase-3 expression. Additionally, ACE2 reduced FAK expression around the pulmonary arterioles and promoted smooth muscle cell apoptosis. The results indicated that ACE2 activation inhibited FAK expression, leading to alleviation of the symptoms of PAH.

13.
Andrologia ; : e14260, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585431

RESUMO

The present work aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Li-ESWT) on patients with prostatitis-like symptoms (PLS). Patients with PLS were recruited and received four-week Li-ESWT (once per week), which was conducted at a frequency of 3 Hz with a preferred energy flow density of 0.25 mJ/mm2 . The scores of the National Institute of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptoms Index (NIH-CPSI), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were recorded to assess the remission of disease in the 0, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 8th and 16th weeks. A decrease of the NIH-CPSI score ≥6 was regarded as the effectiveness standard of Li-ESWT. Among 91 enrolled patients, the scores of all validated questionnaires presented significant improvements in the 4th week (p < .05) compared with that in baseline, except for IIEF-5. The treatment effective rates in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 8th and 16th weeks were 28.57%, 38.46%, 47.25%, 51.65%, 57.30%, 68.18% and 69.44%, respectively. No pronounced undesirable side effect has occurred. Li-ESWT is effective and safe in treating PLS. The efficacy can be maintained within three months.

14.
J Endourol ; 35(12): 1773-1778, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375127

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of a single-use digital flexible ureteroscope (FURS) and a reusable FURS for the treatment of lower pole stones (LPS) smaller than 20 mm. Patients and Methods: We analyzed the data of 49 patients with LPS from our previous multicenter, randomized, open-label clinical trial in four hospitals in China. All patients underwent FURS for LPS with a single-use FURS ZebraScope™ (trial group) or a reusable FURS URF-V (control group). The efficacy endpoints assessed were the 1-month postsurgical stone-free rate (SFR), operative time, length of postoperative hospital stay, and mean reduction in hemoglobin level. The safety outcomes assessed were the presence of adverse events (AEs), severe AEs (SAEs), and postoperative complications. Results: The demographic and preoperative parameters were comparable between the two groups. The 1-month SFR was 84.00% for the ZebraScope group and 58.33% for the reusable flexible ureteroscope (URF-V) group (p < 0.05). There was no difference between the two groups in the operative time (p = 0.665), length of hospital stay (p = 0.308), presence of postoperative complications (p = 0.307), presence of AEs (p = 0.483), and the presence of SAEs (p = 0.141). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that single-use digital FURS is a safe and effective option and can offer higher SFR than the reusable FURS in the treatment of LPS smaller than 20 mm. We recommend single-use digital FURS as an alternative to reusable FURS for the treatment of LPS. The Clinical Trial Registration number: ChiCTR1900021615.

15.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 3533608, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221297

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for about 2% to 3% of adult malignancies, and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common and aggressive type of kidney cancer. It accounts for 75% of all kidney tumors. Although new targeted drugs continue to appear, they are still not suitable for all patients. Therefore, an in-depth study of the molecular mechanism of the development of ccRCC and exploration of new targets for the treatment of ccRCC will help to achieve precise treatment for ccRCC. With the development of molecular research, the study of long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) has given us a new understanding of tumors. Although LncRNA does not encode proteins, it directly interacts with proteins in various signaling pathways and affects cell functions. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the mechanism of LncRNA in ccRCC. The expression level of Linc00472 in ccRCC tissues is significantly lower than adjacent normal tissues, and its low expression is closely related to Furman's high grade. The low expression of Linc00472 is associated with poor prognosis in patients with ccRCC. The results of protein interaction and functional enrichment analysis indicate that genes upregulated in renal clear cell carcinoma may play a major role. Analysis of target gene prediction results showed that Linc00472 may be used as ceRNA in the miR-24-3p-HLA-DPB1 pathway, miR-24-3p-CXCL9 pathway, miR-221-3p-C3aR1-VEGFR2 pathway, miR-17-5p-HLA-DQA1/HLA-DQB1 pathway, and miR-17-5p-C3aR1/C5aR1-VEGFR2 pathway which play important functions. In addition, the regulatory relationship between miR-24-3p and TNFR2 (TNFRSF1B), CD36, and COL4A1 should also be noted. The value of Linc00472 in the diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC is worthy of further study.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 687035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249736

RESUMO

Objective: Radiation esophagitis (RE) is common in patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We aim to construct a nomogram predicting the severe RE (grade ≥2) in patients with ESCC receiving definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). Materials and Methods: Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the risk factors in predicting RE. Nomogram was built based on the multivariate analysis result. The model was validated using the area under the receiver operating curve (ROC) curve (AUC), calibration curves, and decision curve analyses (DCA). Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between inflammation indexes. Results: A total of 547 patients with stage II-IVA ESCC treated with dCRT from the retrospective study were included. Two hundred and thirty-two of 547 patients (42.4%) developed grade ≥2 RE. Univariate analysis indicated that gender (p = 0.090), RT dose (p < 0.001), targeted therapy (p = 0.047), tumor thickness (p = 0.013), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR, p = 0.016), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR, p < 0.001), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR, p < 0.001) were the significant factors for a higher incidence of RE. In multivariate analysis, RT dose [p < 0.001; odds ratio (OR), 4.680; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.841-6.709], NLR (p < 0.001; OR, 0.384; 95% CI, 0.239-0.619), and PLR (p < 0.001; OR, 3.539; 95% CI: 2.226-5.626) were independently associated grade ≥2 RE and were involved in the nomogram. ROC curves showed the AUC of the nomogram was 0.714 (95% CI, 0.670-0.757), which was greater than each factor alone (RT dose: 0.615; NLR: 0.596; PLR: 0.590). Calibration curves showed good consistency between the actual observation and the predicted RE. DCA showed satisfactory positive net benefits of the nomogram among most threshold probabilities. Conclusions: The study demonstrated that RT dose, NLR, and PLR were independent risk factors for grade ≥2 RE in patients with locally advanced ESCC receiving dCRT. A predictive model including all these factors was built and performed better than it based on each separately. Further validation in large patient populations is still warranted.

18.
J Oncol ; 2021: 9913015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306080

RESUMO

Angiogenesis plays a vital role in the development of bladder cancer (BC). The Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a well-known oncoprotein which is closely related to angiogenesis of tumors, but the relationship and mechanism of YB-1 and angiogenesis in BC remain unclear. Based on 56 clinical BC specimens, this study found that high expression of YB-1 samples demonstrated a higher expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) than those of YB-1 low expression. Subsequently, the expression of YB-1 and miR-29b-3p was regulated in the BC cell lines where we noted that YB-1 promoted VEGFA expression by downregulating the expression of miR- 29b-3p. The ability of BC cells to induce angiogenesis decreased after YB-1 was knocked down. Moreover, the in vivo study further confirmed that YB-1 promotes angiogenesis in BC. Our findings enhance the understanding of how YB-1 promotes angiogenesis in BC and provide evidence for YB-1 as a therapeutic target of BC. Moreover, this may provide new inspiration for miRNAs replacement therapies.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the fourth most common tumor in males. OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of atorvastatin (AS) on PCa cells proliferation and clarify the associated mechanisms. METHODS: PCa cell lines were cultured and treated with irradiation (IR) (4 Gy), AS (6 µg/ml), transfected with Bcl-2 siRNA, and then divided into different groups. Xenograft tumor mouse model was established. Bcl-2 and MSH2 gene transcription and protein expression were evaluated using RT-PCR assay and western blot assay. Plate clone formation assay was employed to examine colony formation. MTT assay was used to detect cell viabilities. Flow cytometry analysis was utilized to verify apoptosis. Co-immunoprecipitation and immuno-fluorescence assay were used to identify interaction between Bcl-2 and MSH2. RESULTS: IR significantly reduced colony formation, enhanced Bcl-2 and reduced MSH2 gene transcription in PCa cells compared to un-treated cells (p<0.05). AS significantly strengthened radio-therapeutic effects of IR on colony formation, decreased cell apoptosis and increased Bcl-2 gene transcription/protein expression in PCa cells compared to single IR treatment cells (p<0.05). AS combining IR down-regulated MSH2 gene transcription/protein expression in PCa cells compared to single IR treatment cells (p<0.05). Bcl-2 interacted with MSH2 both in PCa cells and tumor tissues administrating with AS. AS enhanced reductive effects of IR on tumor size of Xenograft tumor mice. CONCLUSION: Atorvastatin administration enhanced inhibitory effects of IR either on PCa cells or on tumor size of Xenograft tumor mice. The inhibitory effects of atorvastatin were mediated by reducing MSH2 expression and triggering interaction between Bcl-2 and MSH2, both in vitro and in vivo levels.

20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13281, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34168239

RESUMO

GREB1L is a protein-coding gene that is an important paralog of GREB1. However, its effects in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have not been determined. Thus, we evaluated the prognostic value of GREB1L in LUAD using bioinformatics approaches. In particular, we evaluated the relationship between GREB1L and LUAD using a wide range of databases and analysis tools, including TCGA, GEO, HPA, TIMER, cBioPortal, and MethSurv. Compared with its expression in normal lung tissues, GREB1L expression was significantly increased in LUAD tissues. A univariate Cox analysis showed that high GREB1L expression levels were correlated with a poor OS in LUAD. Additionally, GREB1L expression was independently associated with OS through a multivariate Cox analysis. GSEA analysis revealed enrichment in cell cycle, immune regulation, and methylation. Moreover, high GREB1L expression was associated with poor survival. We also found that the methylation and genetic alteration level was associated with prognosis in patients with LUAD. Finally, an analysis of immune infiltration showed that GREB1L is correlated with immune cell infiltration, PD-1, and PD-L1. In summary, these results indicate that GREB1L is a potential molecular marker for poor prognosis in LUAD and provide additional insight for the development of therapies and prognostic markers.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
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