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1.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802112

RESUMO

In this study, the optimal conditions for the fabrication of polyethylenimine/polyvinyl chloride cross-linked fiber (PEI/PVC-CF) were determined by comparing the adsorption capacity of synthesized PEI/PVC-CFs for Reactive Yellow 2 (RY2). The PEI/PVC-CF prepared through the optimal conditions was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. Several batch adsorption and desorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the sorption performance and reusability of PEI/PVC-CF for RY2. As a result, the adsorption of RY2 by PEI/PVC-CF was most effective at pH 2.0. A pseudo-second-order model fit better with the kinetics adsorption data. The adsorption isotherm process was described well by the Langmuir model, and the maximum dye uptake was predicted to be 820.6 mg/g at pH 2.0 and 25 °C. Thermodynamic analysis showed that the adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. In addition, 1.0 M NaHCO3 was an efficient eluent for the regeneration of RY2-loaded PEI/PVC-CF. Finally, the repeated adsorption-desorption experiments showed that the PEI/PVC-CF remained at high adsorption and desorption efficiencies for RY2, even in 17 cycles.

2.
Small ; : e2100065, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792162

RESUMO

Accelerating the conversion of polysulfide to inhibit shutting effect is a promising approach to improve the performance of lithium-sulfur batteries. Herein, the hollow titanium nitride (TiN)/1T-MoS2 heterostructure nanospheres are designed with efficient electrocatalysis properties serving as a sulfur host, which is formed by in situ electrochemical intercalation from TiN/2H-MoS2 . Metallic, few-layered 1T-MoS2 nanosheets with abundant active sites decorated on TiN nanospheres enable fast electron transfer, high adsorption ability toward polysulfides, and favorable catalytic activity contributing to the conversion kinetics of polysulfides. Benefiting from the synergistic effects of these favorable features, the as-developed hollow TiN/1T-MoS2 nanospheres with advanced architecture design can achieve a high discharge capacity of 1273 mAh g-1 at 0.1 C, good rate performance with a capacity retention of 689 mAh g-1 at 2 C, and long cycling stability with a low-capacity fading rate of 0.051% per cycle at 1 C for 800 cycles. Notably, the TiN/1T-MoS2 /S cathode with a high sulfur loading of up to 7 mg cm-2 can also deliver a high capacity of 875 mAh g-1 for 50 cycles at 0.1 C. This work promotes the prospect application for TiN/1T-MoS2 in lithium-sulfur batteries.

3.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 98, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epigenetic abnormality of tumor-associated genes contributes to the pathogenesis of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, methylation in colorectal cancer is still poorly characterized. METHOD: By integration of DNA methylation data from the GEO database and gene expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, the aberrantly methylated genes involved in CRC tumorigenesis were identified. Subsequent in vitro experiments further validated their role in CRC. RESULTS: We performed integrative genomic analysis and identified HPSE2, a novel tumor suppressor gene that is frequently inactivated through promoter methylation in CRC. K-M survival analysis showed that hypermethylation-low expression of heparanase 2 (HPSE2) was related to poor patient prognosis. Overexpression of HPSE2 reduced cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. HPSE2 could regulate the p53 signaling pathway to block the cell cycle in G1 phase. CONCLUSION: HPSE2, a novel tumor suppressor gene that is frequently inactivated through promoter methylation in CRC. HPSE2 performs a tumor suppressive function by activating the p53/ p21 signaling cascade. The promoter hypermethylation of HPSE2 is a potential therapeutic target in patients with CRC, especially those with late-stage CRC.

4.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 20(3): 343-356, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721274

RESUMO

Glutamate is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, and it plays an essential and important role in neural functions. Current studies have shown that glutamate can induce neural biophotonic activity and transmission, which may involve the mechanism of photon quantum brain; however, it is unclear whether such a mechanism follows the principle of quantum mechanics. Here we show that the action of glutamate on its receptors leads to a decrease in its quantum energy levels, and glutamate then partially or completely loses its function to further induce the biophotonic activity in mouse brain slices. The reduced quantum energy levels of glutamate can be restored by direct-current electrical discharges and the use of energy transfer of chloroplast photosynthesis; hence, the quantum energy recovered glutamate can again induce significant biophotonic activity. Furthermore, the changes in quantum energy levels of glutamate are related to the exchange and transfer of electron energy on its active hydrogen atom. These findings suggest that the glutamate-induced neural biophotonic signals may be involved in the transfer of the quantum energy levels of glutamate, which implies a quantum mechanism of neurotransmitter action.

5.
HLA ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655664

RESUMO

The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system plays an important role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and organ transplantations, immune disorders as well as oncological immunotherapy. However, HLA typing remains a challenging task due to the high level of polymorphism and homology among HLA genes. Based on the high-throughput next-generation sequencing data, new HLA typing algorithms and software tools were developed. But there is still a deficit of systematic comparative studies to assist in the selection of the optimal analytical approaches under different conditions. Here, we present a detailed comparison of 8 software tools for HLA typing on different real datasets (whole-genome sequencing, whole-exome sequencing and transcriptomic sequencing data) and in-silico samples with different sequencing lengths, depths and error rates. We figure out the algorithms with the best efficiency in different scenarios, and demonstrate the effect of different raw reads on analytical performances. Our results provide a comprehensive picture of specifications and performances of the 8 existing HLA genotyping algorithms, which could assist researchers in selecting the most appropriate tool for specific raw datasets. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Food Chem ; 353: 129485, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714117

RESUMO

Current work proposed a novel quantitative method of volatile aldehydes (VAs) using chemoselective response dyes (CRDs) combined with multivariate data analysis. Multivariate spectral data of selected CRDs was obtained by visible near-infrared spectroscopy. The Synergy-interval Partial Least Squares (Si-PLS) algorithm processed multivariate spectral data to establish VAs quantitative prediction models at the level of 0.0002 v/v to 0.18 v/v. The prediction coefficient (Rp) values of models ranged from 0.8399 to 0.9886, and the Root Mean Square Error of Prediction (RMSEP) values were less than 0.01. These models were verified by classification of aging rice samples, and 93% samples were correctly identified in prediction set. In addition, Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations explored the interaction mechanism between selected CRDs and VAs. The optimized Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital-Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO-LUMO) energy levels, dipole moment, distance between molecules were found to have strong correlations with the interaction.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784811

RESUMO

The adsorption process is widely used for the treatment of wastewater containing organic pollutants. We fabricated highly branched pillar[5]arene-based porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs), PAF-P5, for the adsorption and removal of organic pollutants (short-chain alkyl derivatives 1-3 and pesticide molecules 4-6) from water with high removal efficiency (RE). However, PAF-P5 was incapable of adsorbing aromatic organic dyes 7-9. Adsorption kinetic studies indicated that the adsorption is mainly driven by strong host-guest interactions between 1-3 and the pillar[5]arene units in PAF-P5, while 4-6 only weakly interacted with the pillar[5]arene units in PAF-P5. Moreover, chemically breaking down the pillar[5]arene rings in PAF-P5 caused changes in the pore size, the microenvironment inside of the pores, and the frame morphology, and the resultant frameworks, PAF-DeP5, exhibited poor adsorption toward 1-6 but adsorbed 7-9 possibly through physical adsorption as implied by fitting the experimental data into the adsorption kinetic models.

8.
Neurol Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784942

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical value of a risk prediction model of post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) based on proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 376 stroke patients hospitalized between March 2016 and March 2019. Their relevant clinical baseline data were collected at admission. After the patients' condition was stabilized, 1H-MRS was performed to detect the related indices of the bilateral prefrontal lobe, thalamus, basal ganglia, hippocampus, precuneus, and angular gyrus. Within 12 months of the onset of stroke, cognitive impairment tests were performed monthly. Based on score results, stroke patients were divided into two groups: PSCI and post-stroke non-PSCI (N-PSCI). Thirty-four characteristic parameters of baseline and imaging data were extracted from the PSCI and N-PSCI groups. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was used for optimal feature selection, and a nomogram prediction model was established. The predictive ability of the model was validated by a calibration plot and the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve.Results: Six risk factors were identified from clinical baseline data and MRS indices based on screening by LASSO dimensionality reduction. The consistency test of the correction curve showed that the prediction probability of the PSCI nomogram had good correlation with actual diagnosis. The AUCs of internal and external validation were 0.8935 and 0.8523, respectively.Discussion: A PSCI risk prediction model based on MRS serves to assist clinicians in estimating the risk of cognitive impairment after stroke.

9.
Anal Methods ; 13(11): 1381-1391, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650586

RESUMO

Information on pigment sizes in mural samples is a key factor in determining the suitable processes of possible restoration and conservation on ancient murals and is also significant for the investigation of a mural's historic value and analysis of its technical process. Thus, in this paper, the green painted layers composed of different pigment sizes were analyzed by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. First, a parametric study was undertaken to optimize the LIBS signal to noise ratio and decrease fluctuations. Then, the variation of LIBS signal with pigment size was studied on simulated mural samples. Finally, a classifiable model of pigment sizes was built by coupling with the PCA method and was successfully applied to classify pigment sizes on real mural pieces.

10.
Sci Adv ; 7(9)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627431

RESUMO

Improper distribution of chromosomes during mitosis can contribute to malignant transformation. Higher eukaryotes have evolved a mitotic catastrophe mechanism for eliminating mitosis-incompetent cells; however, the signaling cascade and its epigenetic regulation are poorly understood. Our analyses of human cancerous tissue revealed that the NAD-dependent deacetylase SIRT2 is up-regulated in early-stage carcinomas of various organs. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that SIRT2 interacts with and deacetylates the structural maintenance of chromosomes protein 1 (SMC1A), which then promotes SMC1A phosphorylation to properly drive mitosis. We have further demonstrated that inhibition of SIRT2 activity or continuously increasing SMC1A-K579 acetylation causes abnormal chromosome segregation, which, in turn, induces mitotic catastrophe in cancer cells and enhances their vulnerability to chemotherapeutic agents. These findings suggest that regulation of the SIRT2-SMC1A axis through deacetylation-phosphorylation permits escape from mitotic catastrophe, thus allowing early precursor lesions to overcome oncogenic stress.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599370

RESUMO

Zn-based aqueous supercapacitors are attracting extensive attention. However, most of the reported long-life and high-power performances are achieved with low Zn-utilization (<0.6 %) and low mass loading in cathode (<2 mg cm-2 ). And, many obtained high energy densities are generally evaluated without considering the mass of Zn-anode. Herein, we propose a Zn-based hybrid supercapacitor, involving a metal organic framework derived porous carbon cathode, a Zn-anode and an N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF)-based electrolyte containing Zn2+ . We demonstrate that the charge storage of cathode mainly occurs in macropores, showing high rate performance at high mass loading (40 mg cm-2 ). Furthermore, the aprotic nature of electrolyte and formation of Zn2+ -DMF complex avoid the Zn-corrosion and dendrite formation. Therefore, the supercapacitor shows a long-life (9,000 cycles) with a high Zn-utilization (2.2 %). When calculated with the total mass of cathode (40 mg cm-2 ) and Zn-anode, the energy density reaches 25.9 Wh kg-1 .

12.
J Fluoresc ; 31(3): 727-732, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609214

RESUMO

Cysteine (Cys) is an essential amino acid in organism, which is transformed from methionine in vivo and participates in protein synthesis and cell redox process. Therefore, the detection of Cys is of great significance. In this work, a novel fluorescent probe, (E)-3-(2-chloroquinolin-3-yl)-1-(pyren-3-yl) prop-2-en-1-one (PAQ) was designed and synthesized to specifically detect Cys. The response mechanism of the reaction between PAQ and Cys was due to the addition reaction of Cys to α,ß-unsaturated ketone of PAQ. Interestingly, the addition of Cys induced significant fluorescence intensity enhancement at 462 nm. PAQ exhibited favorable sensing properties towards Cys such as the low limit of detection (0.27 µM) and fast response speed (2 min). In addition, PAQ displayed high selectivity and anti-interference ability toward Cys among various analytes. Notably, PAQ has been successfully used to image exogenous and endogenous Cys in HeLa cells.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e24359, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546071

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: High polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake is recommended for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the association of PUFAs with blood pressure (BP) is still controversial. In the present study, two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to investigate the causal relationship of PUFAs with BP, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP).Genetic instruments and summary statistics for two-sample MR analysis were obtained from 3 large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs). Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly (P < 5 × 10-8) related to 6 PUFAs were used as instrumental variables. Conventional inverse-variance weighted method was adopted to evaluate the causality of PUFAs with BP; the Weighted Median, MR-egger, and Leave-one-out method were used for sensitivity analyses.As a result, there was no evidence of a causal association between all PUFAs and SBP. In addition, arachidonic acid (AA, ß = -0.04, P < .001) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, ß = -0.47, P = .02) were negatively associated with DBP, while linoleic acid (LA, ß = 0.03, P = .005) and α-linolenic acid (ALA, ß = 3.83, P < .001) were positively associated with DBP. There was no evidence of a causal relationship between either docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with DBP.In conclusion, a genetic predisposition to plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) had a divergent effect on DBP, independent of SBP. It suggested that it is helpful for lower DBP level to supplemental intake of AA and EPA or promote the conversion of LA and ALA to AA and EPA respectively, which need to be further validated with randomized controlled studies.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/análise , Ácido Araquidônico/análise , Ácido Araquidônico/sangue , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análise , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cell Commun Signal ; 19(1): 21, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frizzled (FZD) proteins function as receptors for WNT ligands. Members in FZD family including FZD2, FZD4, FZD7, FZD8 and FZD10 have been demonstrated to mediate cancer cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). METHODS: CCLE and TCGA databases were interrogated to reveal the association of FZD5 with EMT. EMT was analyzed by investigating the alterations in CDH1 (E-cadherin), VIM (Vimentin) and ZEB1 expression, cell migration and cell morphology. Transcriptional modulation was determined by ChIP in combination with Real-time PCR. Survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: In contrast to other FZDs, FZD5 was identified to prevent EMT in gastric cancer. FZD5 maintains epithelial-like phenotype and is negatively modulated by transcription factors SNAI2 and TEAD1. Epithelial-specific factor ELF3 is a downstream effecter, and protein kinase C (PKC) links FZD5 to ELF3. ELF3 represses ZEB1 expression, further guarding against EMT. Moreover, FZD5 signaling requires its co-receptor LRP5 and WNT7B is a putative ligand for FZD5. FZD5 and ELF3 are associated with longer survival, whereas SNAI2 and TEAD1 are associated with shorter survival. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, FZD5-ELF3 signaling blocks EMT, and plays a potential tumor-suppressing role in gastric cancer. Video Abstract.

15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(1): 1-8, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531102

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between blood pressure and all-cause mortality in Shanxi, China. Methods: The '2002 China Nutrition and Health Survey' baseline data in Shanxi province was used. A retrospective investigation was performed in 2015. The effects of SBP and DBP on the all-cause mortality were analyzed using the Cox regression model. The hazard ratio ( HR) and 95% confidence interval ( CI) were estimated by the sex and age groups. Results: The follow-up rate was 76.52% over 13 years, while the cumulative mortality rate for all participants was 917.12/100,000 person-years. The mortality rose with an increasing SBP ( χ 2 trend = 270.537, P < 0.001) or DBP level ( χ 2 trend = 57.240, P < 0.001). After adjustment for the confounding factors, a significant association between mortality and high SBP (≥ 160 mmHg) and high DBP (≥ 100 mmHg), with adjusted HR ranging from 1.405- to 2.179-fold for SBP and 1.550- to 2.854-fold for DBP, was noted. Significant HRs for most DBP subgroups were found in > 60-year-old participants. Males with DBP ≥ 100 mmHg had a significantly higher mortality, with an HR (95% CI) of 2.715 (1.377-5.351). Conclusion: Adults with SBP > 160 mmHg and DBP > 100 mmHg had a higher mortality risk. Sex and age difference was noted in both DBP and mortality risk.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/mortalidade , Mortalidade/tendências , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hereditas ; 158(1): 10, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing technology is developing rapidly and target capture sequencing has become an important technique. Several different platforms for library preparation and target capture with different bait types respectively are commercially available. Here we compare the performance of the four platforms with different bait types to find out their advantages and limitations. The purpose of this study is to help investigators and clinicians select the appropriate platform for their particular application and lay the foundation for the development of a better target capture platform for next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: We formulate capture efficiency as a novel parameter that can be used to better evaluations of specificity and coverage depth among the different capture platforms. Target coverage, capture efficiency, GC bias, AT Dropout, sensitivity in single nucleotide polymorphisms, small insertions and deletions detection, and the feature of each platform were compared for low input samples. In general, all platforms perform well and small differences among them are revealed. In our results, RNA baits have stronger binding power than DNA baits, and with ultra deep sequencing, double stranded RNA baits perform better than single stranded RNA baits in all aspects. DNA baits got better performance in the region with high GC content and RNA baits got lower AT dropout suggesting that the binding power is different between DNA and RNA baits to genome regions with different characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: The platforms with double stranded RNA baits have the most balanced capture performance. Our results show the key differences in performance among the four updated platforms with four different bait types. The better performance of double stranded RNA bait with ultra deep sequencing suggests that it may improve the sensitivity of ultra low frequent mutation detection. In addition, we further propose that the mixed baits of double stranded RNA and single stranded DNA may improve target capture performance.

17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1641: 461972, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611110

RESUMO

Design and synthesis of novel coatings for solid phase microextraction (SPME) is urgently needed for sample pretreatment. In this study, three hypercrosslinked polymers (HCPs) were constructed by the facile Friedel-Crafts alkylation reactions between tetraphenylethylene (TPE) and 1,4-bis(chloromethyl)benzene (BCMB), 4,4'-bis(chloromethyl)-1,1'-biphenyl (BCMBP), and cyanuric chloride (CC), respectively. The newly-synthesized HCPs were employed as SPME coatings for the extraction of phthalate esters (PAEs). Various parameters influencing the SPME efficiencies, including extraction time and temperature, ionic strength, stirring rate, desorption temperature and time were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, low limits of detection (0.003-0.033 µg L - 1), wide linearity (0.01-10 µg L - 1) and good repeatability (4.1-9.3%) were achieved. The HCPs-based SPME method was successfully applied for the determination of eight PAEs in environmental water and bottled water samples with recoveries from 75.3% to 116%. This method provides a good alternative for monitoring trace level of PAEs in water samples.


Assuntos
Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Ésteres/análise , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Polímeros/química , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água/química , Água Potável/química , Limite de Detecção , Nanosferas/ultraestrutura , Sais/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Appl Clin Inform ; 12(1): 65-72, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The sequence of intravenous infusions may impact the efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous medications. The study describes and assesses a computerized clinical decision support annotation system capable of analyzing the sequence of intravenous infusions. METHODS: All intravenous medications on the hospital formulary were analyzed based on factors that impact intravenous infusion sequence. Eight pharmacy infusion knowledge databases were constructed based on Hospital Infusion Standards. These databases were incorporated into the computerized sequence annotation module within the electronic health record system. The annotation process was changed from pharmacists' manual annotation (phase 1) to computer-aided pharmacist manual annotation (phase 2) to automated computer annotation (phase 3). RESULTS: Comparing phase 2 to phase 1, there were significant differences in sequence annotation with regards to the percentage of hospital wards annotated (100% vs. 4.65%, chi-square = 180.95, p < 0.001), percentage of patients annotated (64.18% vs. 0.52%, chi-square = 90.46, p < 0.001), percentage of intravenous orders annotated (75.67% vs. 0.77%, chi-square = 118.78, p < 0.001), and the number of tubing flushes per ward per day (118.51 vs. 2,115.00, p < 0.001). Compared with phase 1, there were significant cost savings in tubing flushes in phase 2 and phase 3. Compared with phase 1, there was significant difference in the time nurses spent on tubing flushes in phase 2 and phase 3 (1,244.94 vs. 21,684.8 minutes, p < 0.001; 1,369.51 vs. 21,684.8 minutes, p < 0.001). Compared with phase 1, significantly less time was required for pharmacist annotation in phase 2 and phase 3 (90.6 vs. 4,753.57 minutes, p < 0.001; 0.05 vs. 4,753.57 minutes, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: A computerized infusion annotation system is efficient in sequence annotation and significant savings in tubing flushes can be achieved as a result.

19.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the most common and costly nutritional problems with high heritability. The genetic mechanism of childhood obesity remains unclear. Here, we conducted a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to identify novel genes for childhood obesity. METHODS: By integrating the GWAS summary of childhood body mass index (BMI), we conducted TWAS analyses with pre-computed gene expression weights in 39 obesity priority tissues. The GWAS summary statistics of childhood BMI were derived from the early growth genetics consortium with 35,668 children from 20 studies. RESULTS: We identified 15 candidate genes for childhood BMI after Bonferroni corrections. The most significant gene, ADCY3, was identified in 13 tissues, including adipose, brain, and blood. Interestingly, eight genes were only identified in the specific tissue, such as FAIM2 in the brain (P = 2.04 × 10-7) and fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) in the muscle (P = 1.93 × 10-8). Compared with the TWAS results of adult BMI, we found that one gene TUBA1B with predominant influence only on childhood BMI in the muscle (P = 1.12 × 10-7). We evaluated the candidate genes by querying public databases and identified 12 genes functionally related to obesity phenotypes, including nine differentially expressed genes during the differentiation of human preadipocyte cells. The remaining genes (FAM150B, KNOP1, and LMBR1L) were regarded as novel candidate genes for childhood BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified multiple candidate genes for childhood BMI, providing novel clues for understanding the genetic mechanism of childhood obesity.

20.
QJM ; 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship of osteoporosis and stroke is still not fully clarified. Apart from the well-known risk factors for stroke, bone mineral density (BMD) has gained more interest in recent years. AIM: To further elucidate the relationship between BMD and stroke risk, a prospective cohort study in the Chinese rural population was conducted. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a family osteoporosis cohort. METHODS: Our subjects were selected from an osteoporosis cohort conducted in Anqing, China. All participants underwent a questionnaire assessment, clinical examinations, and laboratory assessments. During the follow-up period, the number of people who had a stroke was recorded. Generalized estimating equation regression analysis was performed to determine the significance of the association between BMD and stroke. RESULTS: A total of 17868 people were included. A two-way interaction test of sex and BMD on stroke was significant (p = 0.002). There was a significant difference in BMD and stroke morbidity in the male group (p = 0.003). When BMD was assessed as quartiles and the lowest quartile was used as reference, a significantly lower risk for stroke were observed in Q2, Q3 and Q4. Notably, no significant difference was observed in female participants with adjusted odds ratio (p > 0.05). The p-value for interaction was calculated. The BMI (p = 0.014) and waist-to-hip ratio (p = 0.027) were found to be significantly associated with BMD and stroke risk in female participants. CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese rural areas, total BMD may negatively correlated with stroke, especially in men.

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