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1.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469051

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease for which currently no cure is available. Electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely used in China as an alternative therapeutic approach for neurological diseases. The cognitive decline in patients with AD has been reported to be closely related to the deposition of amyloid-ß (Aß) in the hippocampus of the brain, and the Morris water maze (MWM) test is a widely used method for assessing the behavior of animal models. In this study, the MWM test was performed to evaluate the effects of EA treatment on cognitive function and memory, and the micro-positron emission tomography scan was used to assess the hippocampal Aß deposition. The results showed that the cognitive function of APP/PS1 mice was significantly improved and the rate of [18F]AV-45 uptake was reduced in the EA group, compared with the AD group. Our study suggested that EA can exert a therapeutic effect in AD by improving spatial learning and memory and inhibiting the hippocampal Aß deposition.

2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(5): 353-61, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the ability of spatial learning-memory and the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in the hippocampus and spleen tissues and the number of hippocampal neurons and spleen lymphocytes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) mice, so as to study its mechanisms underlying improvement of AD. METHODS: Twenty-four SAMP8 mice were randomly and equally divided into AD model, EA and medication groups, and 8 SAMR1 mice were used as the control group. EA (2 Hz, 0.1 mA) was applied to "Baihui"(GV20) and "Yintang"(EX-HN3) for 20 min in the EA group, and intragastric administration of donepezil hydrochloride (0.92 mg/kg) was applied in the medication group, once daily for 15 d. The learning-memory ability was determined by Morris water maze task, and the histopathological changes of hippocampus were observed after H.E. staining, followed by determining neurons and the number of splenic lymphocytes. The expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in the hippocampus and spleen were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: After mode-ling, the escape latency of place navigation test in the Morris water maze, the spleen index, immunoactivity and expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α proteins in the hippocampus and spleen tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the escape latency, spleen index, immunoactivity and expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α proteins in both hippocampus and spleen were significantly down-regulated in the medication (except the escape latency) and EA groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). The effect of EA was evidently superior to that of medication in shortening the escape latency, lowering the spleen index, and immunoactivity of hippocampal IL-6 and splenic TNF-α immunoactivity (P<0.01, P<0.05). Outcomes of H.E. staining showed disordered arrangement of neurons with nuclear pyknosis or apoptosis in partial neurons in the hippocampus, and thickened and swollen spleen capsule tissue with loose structure and an increased number of lymphocytes in the model group, which was relatively milder in the EA and medication groups. CONCLUSION: EA can improve the learning-memory ability of AD mice, which may be associated with its effect in relieving the inflammation reaction in the hippocampus and spleen tissues.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Eletroacupuntura , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Animais , Hipocampo , Interleucina-6/genética , Camundongos , Baço , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(6): 497-504, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of microvascular structure of acupoints caused by myocardial ischemia, so as to explore the application of photoacoustic imaging technology in the research of acupoint sensitization. METHODS: Twelve BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal, sham operation and acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) model groups, with 4 mice in each group. AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded by physiological signal acquisition system at 12 h and on the 14th day after modeling, and serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The microvascular structure changes of acupoints "Feishu"(BL13), "Jueyinshu"(BL14), "Quze"(PC3) and "Chize"(LU5) were observed by photoacoustic imaging technology, and distance (DM), inflection count metric (ICM), sum of angle metric(SOAM)and microvessel density (MVD) were calculated by microvascular quantification algorithm. RESULTS: Compared with the normal and sham operation groups, the ST segment of ECG was obviously elevated, serum cTnT and CK-MB were significantly increased in AMI model group at 12 h and on the 14th day after AMI (P<0.01). The ICM of BL14 in AMI model group was significantly decreased on the 14th day than that on the 7th day after AMI. Compared with the normal group, the ICM of BL14 was significantly increased in AMI model group on the 7th day after AMI(P<0.05). There were no significant changes in DM, ICM, SOAM and MVD at other acupoints on the 7th and 14th day (P>0.05) among the three groups. CONCLUSION: The change of ICM may be one of the characteristics of acupoint sensitization and photoacoustic imaging technology can be used to study the structure of acupoint microvessels.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microvasos , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia
4.
Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao ; 24(4): 389-91, 2004 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15090305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of testosterone on the expression of androgen receptor (AR) in human monocytic cell line THP-1. METHODS: Cultured THP-1 cells were stimulated by testosterone with different concentrations and the AR protein was examined by Western blotting. RESULTS: AR expression was observed in unstimulated THP-1 cells and the quantity of AR expression was reduced by testosterone treatment in a dose-dependent manner. A selective AR blocker completely abolished this inhibitory effect of testosterone on AR expresison. CONCLUSION: Testosterone simulation time- and dose dependently reduces AR expression in THP-1 cells.


Assuntos
Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Androgênicos/análise , Testosterona/farmacologia , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Monócitos/química
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