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1.
Cells ; 12(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been found to have significant impacts on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression through various mechanisms. However, the mechanism of circRNAs modulating tumor immune evasion in NSCLC has yet to be well-revealed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through analyzing the expression profiles of circRNAs in NSCLC tissues, RNA FISH, pull-down assay, mass spectrometry analysis, and RIP, circCRIM1 was identified, and its interaction with IGF2BP1 was confirmed. The effects of circCRIM1 on modulating tumor immune evasion were explored via co-culture in vitro and in tumor xenograft models. Subsequently, we evaluated the regulatory effects of circCRIM1 on IGF2BP1 and screened its target genes through RNA sequencing. Finally, we explored the underlying molecular mechanisms that circCRIM1 could regulate the stability of target mRNA. RESULTS: circCRIM1 was downregulated in NSCLC, and its expression was positively correlated with favorable prognoses. Furthermore, circCRIM1 was more stable than its linear transcript and was mainly localized in the cytoplasm. Mechanistically, circCRIM1 destabilized HLA-F mRNA via competitive binding to IGF2BP1. Importantly, the overexpression of circCRIM1 suppressed the immune evasion of NSCLC and promoted the expressions of Granzyme B, IFN-γ, and TNF-α of CD8+ T and NK cell in vitro co-culture assays and tumor xenograft models. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies circCRIM1 as a new tumor suppressor that inhibits tumor immune evasion through a competitive combination with IGF2BP1 to destabilize HLA-F mRNA.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , RNA Circular/genética , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , RNA Mensageiro
3.
Neuro Oncol ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain metastasis (BM) is the most common intracranial malignancy causing significant mortality, and lung cancer is the most common origin of BM. However, the cellular origins and drivers of BM from lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have yet to be defined. METHODS: The cellular constitutions were characterized by single-cell transcriptomic profiles of 11 LUAD primary tumor (PT) and 10 BM samples (GSE131907). Copy number variation (CNV) and clonality analysis were applied to illustrate cellular origins of BM tumors. Brain metastasis-associated epithelial cells (BMAECs) were identified by pseudotime trajectory analysis. By using machine-learning algorithms, we developed the BM-index representing the relative abundance of BMAECs in the bulk RNA-seq data, indicating high risk of BM. Therapeutic drugs targeting BMAECs were predicted based on the drug sensitivity data of cancer cell lines. RESULTS: Differences in macrophages and T cells between PTs and BMs were investigated by single-cell RNA (scRNA) and immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence data. CNV analysis demonstrated BM was derived from subclones of PT with a gain of chromosome 7. We then identified BMAECs and its biomarker, S100A9. Immunofluorescence indicated strong correlations of BMAECs with metastasis and prognosis evaluated by the paired PT and BM samples from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH). We further evaluated the clinical significance of BM-index and identified 7 drugs that potentially target BMAECs. CONCLUSIONS: This study clarified possible cellular origins and drivers of metastatic LUAD at single cell level, and laid a foundation for early detections of LUAD patients with a high risk of BM.

4.
Small ; : e2205890, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634974

RESUMO

Nucleolus, which participates in many crucial cellular activities, is an ideal target for evaluating the state of a cell or an organism. Here, bright red-emissive carbon dots (termed CPCDs) with excitation-independent/polarity-dependent fluorescence emission are synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal reaction between congo red and p-phenylenediamine. The CPCDs can achieve wash-free, real-time, long-term, and high-quality nucleolus imaging in live cells, as well as in vivo imaging of two common model animals-zebrafish and Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Strikingly, CPCDs realize the nucleolus imaging of organs/flowing blood cells in zebrafish at a cellular level for the first time, and the superb nucleolus imaging of C. elegans suggests that the germ cells in the spermatheca probably have no intact nuclei. These previously unachieved imaging results of the cells/tissues/organs may guide the zebrafish-related studies and benefit the research of C. elegans development. More importantly, a novel strategy based on CPCDs for in vivo toxicity evaluation of materials/drugs (e.g., Ag+ ), which can visualize the otherwise unseen injuries in zebrafish, is developed. In conclusion, the CPCDs represent a robust tool for visualizing the structures and dynamic behaviors of live zebrafish and C. elegans, and may find important applications in cell biology and toxicology.

5.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675438

RESUMO

Understanding cochlear anatomy is crucial for developing less traumatic electrode arrays and insertion guidance for cochlear implantation. The human cochlea shows considerable variability in size and morphology. This study analyses 1000+ clinical temporal bone CT images using a web-based image analysis tool. Cochlear size and shape parameters were obtained to determine population statistics and perform regression and correlation analysis. The analysis revealed that cochlear morphology follows Gaussian distribution, while cochlear dimensions A and B are not well-correlated to each other. Additionally, dimension B is more correlated to duct lengths, the wrapping factor and volume than dimension A. The scala tympani size varies considerably among the population, with the size generally decreasing along insertion depth with dimensional jumps through the trajectory. The mean scala tympani radius was 0.32 mm near the 720° insertion angle. Inter-individual variability was four times that of intra-individual variation. On average, the dimensions of both ears are similar. However, statistically significant differences in clinical dimensions were observed between ears of the same patient, suggesting that size and shape are not the same. Harnessing deep learning-based, automated image analysis tools, our results yielded important insights into cochlear morphology and implant development, helping to reduce insertion trauma and preserving residual hearing.

6.
Exp Neurol ; 360: 114296, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503041

RESUMO

DNAX activating protein of 12 kDa (DAP12)-deficiency mice showed impaired differentiation of oligodendrocytes and reduced myelin in the central nervous system. Whether DAP12 is expressed by Schwann cells and its roles in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) remains unknown. In this study, expression of DAP12 was detected in Schwann cells in vivo and in vitro. The DAP12-knockout (KO) mice showed age-related motor deficits and thinner myelin in the sciatic nerve than WT mice but significantly faster clinical recovery after sciatic nerve crush injury. In sciatic nerves of DAP12 KO and WT mice, proteomic profiles analysis identified 158 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) at 8-week-old, 29 DEPs at 54-week-old and 33 DEPs at two weeks after crush injury. Typically, of the DEPs at 54-week-old, up-regulated Lgmn and down-regulated RecK and Yap1 were associated with myelin loss in the sciatic nerve of DAP12 KO mice. Upregulation of nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase and haptoglobin were associated with the accumulation of macrophages in the crushed sciatic nerve of DAP12 KO mice. After crush injury, there were significantly more M1 macrophages at one-week and more M2 macrophages at two-week in sciatic nerve of DAP12 KO mice than WT mice, indicating that DAP12 deletion promotes the phenotype conversion of macrophages from M1 to M2. Collectively, our findings suggest that DAP12 may exert dual roles in the PNS including promoting the physiological myelin formation and maintenance of Schwann cells but delaying nerve repair after injury by modulating the recruitment of macrophages and phenotype conversion.


Assuntos
Lesões por Esmagamento , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Camundongos , Animais , Proteômica , Nervo Isquiático/lesões , Compressão Nervosa , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/genética , Células de Schwann , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia
7.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 51(1): 68-83, 2023 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36583343

RESUMO

Gene expression in mammalian cells is highly variable and episodic, resulting in a series of discontinuous bursts of mRNAs. A challenge is to understand how static promoter architecture and dynamic feedback regulations dictate bursting on a genome-wide scale. Although single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) provides an opportunity to address this challenge, effective analytical methods are scarce. We developed an interpretable and scalable inference framework, which combined experimental data with a mechanistic model to infer transcriptional burst kinetics (sizes and frequencies) and feedback regulations. Applying this framework to scRNA-seq data generated from embryonic mouse fibroblast cells, we found Simpson's paradoxes, i.e. genome-wide burst kinetics exhibit different characteristics in two cases without and with distinguishing feedback regulations. We also showed that feedbacks differently modulate burst frequencies and sizes and conceal the effects of transcription start site distributions on burst kinetics. Notably, only in the presence of positive feedback, TATA genes are expressed with high burst frequencies and enhancer-promoter interactions mainly modulate burst frequencies. The developed inference method provided a flexible and efficient way to investigate transcriptional burst kinetics and the obtained results would be helpful for understanding cell development and fate decision.


Assuntos
Mamíferos , Transcrição Genética , Animais , Camundongos , Retroalimentação , Cinética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Mamíferos/genética
8.
Environ Res ; 219: 115015, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535391

RESUMO

Cr(VI) pollution is a growing problem that causes the deterioration of the environment and human health. We report the development of an effective adsorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater. N-doped cellulose-based hydrothermal carbon (N-CHC) was prepared via a two-step hydrothermal method. The morphology and structural properties of N-CHC were investigated by various techniques. N-CHC has many O and N groups, which are suitable for Cr(VI) adsorption and reduction. Intermittent adsorption experiments showed that N-CHC had an adsorption capacity of 151.05 mg/g for Cr(VI) at pH 2, indicating excellent adsorption performance. Kinetic and thermodynamic analyses indicates that the adsorption of Cr(VI) on N-CHC follows a monolayer uniform adsorption process, which is a spontaneous endothermic process dominated by chemical interaction and limited by diffusion within particles. In a multi-ion system (Pb2+, Cd2+, Mn7+, Cl-, and SO42-), the selectivity of N-CHC toward Cr(VI) was 82.62%. In addition, N-CHC demonstrated excellent reuse performance over seven adsorption-desorption cycles; the Cr(VI) removal rate of N-CHC in 5-20 mg/L wastewater was >99.87%, confirming the potential of N-CHC for large-scale applications. CN/C-OR, pyridinic-N, and pyrrolic-N were found to play a critical role in the adsorption process. This study provides a new technology for Cr(VI) pollution control that could be utilized in large-scale production and other environmental applications.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Carbono , Celulose , Cromo/análise , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética
9.
Langmuir ; 39(1): 638-646, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542801

RESUMO

Although paraquat is a widely used herbicide, it is toxic to humans if ingested or absorbed through an open wound. To improve the safety of paraquat, a new formulation of paraquat based on photoresponsive polymers was exploited. Photoresponsive ß-cyclodextrin polymer microspheres (AZO-CD) were synthesized via a host-guest interaction between ß-cyclodextrin and azobenzene. AZO-CD were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, circular dichroism, ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometry, and thermogravimetric analysis, and their photoresponsiveness was also evaluated. AZO-CD were used to load paraquat, which yielded photoresponsive paraquat-loaded microspheres. For the paraquat-loaded microspheres, irradiation with UV light or sunlight induced the isomerization of azobenzene into the cis form. Then, the cis-azobenzene was liberated from the cavities of the ß-cyclodextrin. The paraquat-loaded microspheres released paraquat continuously over time. Furthermore, under UV light, the herbicidal capacity of the paraquat-loaded microspheres against barnyard grass was comparable to that of free paraquat at the same dose. Our findings show that loading paraquat into AZO-CD provides a safe and environmentally friendly herbicide formulation.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Humanos , Paraquat/toxicidade , Microesferas , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Compostos Azo/química , Polímeros/química
10.
Oncoimmunology ; 12(1): 2160558, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36567801

RESUMO

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a functional 'cold' tumor microenvironment in which the antitumor activity of CD8+ T cells and natural killer T (NKT)-like cells is suppressed and the function of regulatory T (Treg) cells is enhanced. Using flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining, we detected a distinct subset of NKT-like cells expressing FOXP3 in MPE. Through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis, we found that the glycolysis pathway and pyruvate metabolism were highly activated in FOXP3+ NKT-like cells. Similar to Treg cells, FOXP3+ NKT-like cells highly expressed monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) and lactate dehydrogenase B to uptake and utilize lactate, thereby maintaining their immunosuppressive function and hyperlactylation in MPE. Furthermore, we found that MCT1 small molecule inhibitor 7ACC2 significantly reduced FOXP3 expression and histone lactylation levels in NKT-like cells in vitro. In conclusion, we reveal for the first time the altered phenotypic and metabolic features of FOXP3+ NKT-like cells in human MPE.


Assuntos
Células T Matadoras Naturais , Derrame Pleural Maligno , Humanos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Células T Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/genética , Derrame Pleural Maligno/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475566

RESUMO

Constructing an artificial solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer is an effective strategy for solving uncontrolled Li dendrite growth resulting from an unstable and heterogeneous Li/electrolyte interface. Herein, we develop a hybrid layer of a LiZn alloy and a polyethylene oxide (PEO) polymer to protect the Li metal anode for achieving a Li dendrite-free Li metal anode surface. The LiZn alloy is advantageous for fast Li+ transport, and is uniformly dispersed in the PEO matrix to regulate electronic and Li+ ion flux distributions homogeneously. Furthermore, the flexible PEO network can alleviate the volume change during cycling. The synergistic effect enables Li deposition underneath the hybrid film. Hence, the hybrid protection film results in significantly improved cycling stability with respect to the pristine Li metal anode. A symmetric Li/Li cell with a composite protective layer can be cycled for over 1000 h at a current density of 1 mA cm-2 with a fixed capacity of 1 mA h cm-2, and a full cell with a high areal capacity of the LiFePO4 (2.45 mA h cm-2) cathode exhibits an outstanding cycling performance.

12.
Nutrients ; 14(24)2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558503

RESUMO

Life's Simple 7 (LS7) is the American Heart Association's (AHA) proposal for a healthy lifestyle, also known as cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics. However, the association between CVH metrics and the severity of hepatic steatosis and liver fibrosis detected by transient elastography is unknown. We performed a cross-sectional study using the data from the 2017-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycle. The controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) were used to evaluate the severity of hepatic steatosis and liver fibrosis and to define NAFLD, advanced liver fibrosis, and cirrhosis. A total of 2679 participants were included. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that per 1-unit increase in the CVH metric, CAP and LSM decreased by 8.565 units and 0.274 units, respectively. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the risk of NAFLD, advanced liver fibrosis, and cirrhosis were 7, 10, and 6 times higher in the poor CVH group than in the ideal CVH group. Subgroup analysis indicated that CVD patients and non-Hispanic whites could benefit more from ideal CVH. In conclusion, adherence to ideal CVH metrics, as proposed by the AHA, can significantly reduce the risk of hepatic steatosis and liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499526

RESUMO

Ticks are notorious ectoparasites and transmit the greatest variety of pathogens than any other arthropods. Cold tolerance is a key determinant of tick abundance and distribution. While studies have shown that DNA methylation is one of the important epigenetic regulations found across many species and plays a significant role in their response to low-temperature stress, its role in the response of ticks to low-temperature stress remains unexplored. Herein, we explored the DNA methylation profile of the tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, exposed to low-temperature stress (4 °C) using whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS). We found that approximately 0.95% and 0.94% of the genomic C sites were methylated in the control and low-temperature groups, respectively. Moreover, the methylation level under the CG context was about 3.86% and 3.85% in the control and low-temperature groups, respectively. In addition, a total of 6087 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified between the low-temperature and control groups, including 3288 hypermethylated and 2799 hypomethylated DMRs. Further, Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of differentially methylated genes revealed that most of the DMGs were significantly enriched in binding and RNA transport pathways. Taken together, this research confirmed, for the first time, the whole genome DNA methylation profile of H. longicornis and provided new insights into the DNA methylation changes relating to low-temperature stress in H. longicornis, as well as provided a foundation for future studies on the epigenetic mechanism underlying the responses of ticks to abiotic stress.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Ontologia Genética , Genômica
14.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1026996, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36478941

RESUMO

Background: Noise exposure has a significant impact on human health. However, the effect of occupational and residential noise on the risk of pregnancy complications was controversial in the literature. This study looked at previous research and performed a meta-analysis to determine how noise exposure during pregnancy affected the risk of pregnancy complications. Methods: Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Ovid, and Cochrane, and all relevant studies were included. Two investigators independently evaluated the eligibility of these studies. The risk of bias in each study and the quality and strength of each outcome was evaluated by using the GRADE approach and Navigation Guide. Random effects meta-analysis model was used. Results: The meta-analysis retrieved 1,461 study records and finally included 11 studies. Occupational noise exposure during pregnancy was associated with preeclampsia (RR = 1.07, 95%CI: 1.04, 1.10). Neither occupational nor residential noise exposure was associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) (RR = 1.10, 95%CI: 0.96, 1.25 and RR = 1.05, 95%CI: 0.98, 1.11) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (RR = 0.94, 95%CI: 0.88, 1.00 and RR = 1.06, 95%CI: 0.98, 1.16). Further bias analysis showed that the results were reliable. All outcomes were rated as low in quality and inadequate evidence of harmfulness in strength. Conclusions: Occupational noise exposure could increase the risk of preeclampsia, according to the findings. There was no clear evidence of a harmful effect of noise exposure during pregnancy on HDP or GDM.

15.
Food Chem X ; 16: 100504, 2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519090

RESUMO

The producing area of Chinese white tea has been expanded to Xinyang and Yunnan from Fuding region. In this study, six sensory tastes and fifty-one chemical components including seventeen phenolic compounds, three purine alkaloids and twenty amino acids were determined in eighteen Bai mudan sub-type of white tea by electronic tongue, high performance liquid chromatography and amino acid analyzer for geographical identification, respectively. Additionally, in vitro antioxidant activities were evaluated by five various assays. Multivariate statistical analyses such as PCA, HCA and PLS-DA, completely divided these white teas into Xinyang, Yunnan and Fuding groups, indicating the feasibility of white tea classification by the production region. Twelve characteristic compounds (VIP > 1.0, P < 0.05) like gallic acid, theaflavin and L-glutamic acid contributed to the geographical identification. In conclusion, this study explored the chemical, taste and antioxidant capacity differences among three main production regions, and revealed their potential relations in white tea.

16.
Front Genet ; 13: 1062212, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523770

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in heart valvular diseases is globally increasing. However, the understanding of its etiology and pathogenesis is limited. So far, the relationship between ferroptosis-related genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in MVP remains unexplored. This study investigates the potential pathogenesis of ferroptosis-related genes in MVP and provides a therapeutic target for the disease. Methods: Blood samples from patients with MVP and healthy volunteers were collected for transcriptomic sequencing to analyze the expression of ferroptosis-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (DElncRNAs Co-expression network of ferroptosis-related DEGs and DElncRNAs. Furthermore, this work conducted GO and KEGG enrichment analyses. Results: CDKN2A, SLC1A4, ATF3, and other core genes related to the mitral valve prolapse were screened out. CDKN2A, SLC1A4, and ATF3 genes were at the core position of the network, regulated by numerous lncRNAs. Notably, these genes are primarily involved in the extracellular region and p53 signaling pathway. Conclusion: In summary, CDKN2A, SLC1A4, and ATF3 regulate the pathophysiological process of MVP and are potential therapeutic targets.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528536

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cephalometric analysis is essential in orthodontic treatment, and it is progressing toward automatic cephalometric analysis. This study aimed to establish a cephalometric landmark detection model on the basis of a high-resolution net and improve the accuracy with high resolution. METHODS: A total of 2000 lateral cephalograms were collected to construct a dataset, and the number of target landmarks was 51. A high-resolution network model was applied to the landmark detection task. Four models were trained by adjusting different input resolutions to choose the most suitable resolution. A test set consisting of 300 lateral cephalograms was used for evaluation. The model was evaluated from the error size and distribution of each landmark. RESULTS: After 200 epochs of training, a landmark detection model was established. Under different resolutions of the input image, the mean model radial error decreased initially and then increased. At 680 × 920 pixels resolution, the minimum error and the highest detection success rate were obtained. The mean radial error was 1.08 ± 0.87 mm. The detection success rates of 2.0 mm, 2.5 mm, 3.0 mm, and 4.0 mm were 89.00%, 94.00%, 96.33%, and 98.67%, respectively. The mean radial errors of 22 landmarks were <1 mm, and the errors of other landmarks were <2 mm except for the pterion. The error distribution of landmarks followed a certain pattern. CONCLUSIONS: An automatic landmark detection model based on a high-resolution net was established to recognize 51 landmarks. The model showed high detection accuracy, which provides a basis for further measurement application.

18.
Sci Adv ; 8(50): eadd8527, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516253

RESUMO

Recyclable/reversible adhesives have attracted growing attention for sustainability and intelligence but suffer from low adhesion strength and poor durability in complex conditions. Here, we demonstrate an aromatic siloxane adhesive that exploits stimuli-responsive reversible assembly driven by π-π stacking, allowing for elimination and activation of interfacial interactions via infiltration-volatilization of ethanol. The robust cohesive energy from water-insensitive siloxane assembly enables durable strong adhesion (3.5 MPa shear strength on glasses) on diverse surfaces. Long-term adhesion performances are realized in underwater, salt, and acid/alkali solutions (pH 1-14) and at low/high temperatures (-10-90°C). With reversible assembly/disassembly, the adhesive is closed-loop recycled (~100%) and reused over 100 times without adhesion loss. Furthermore, the adhesive has unique combinations of high transparency (~98% in the visible light region of 400-800 nm) and flame retardancy. The experiments and theoretical calculations reveal the corresponding mechanism at the molecular level. This π-π stacking-driven siloxane assembly strategy opens up an avenue for high-performance adhesives with circular life and multifunctional integration.

19.
Mol Plant ; 2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575796

RESUMO

Gene regulation is central to all aspects of organism growth, and understanding it using large-scale functional datasets can provide a whole view of biological processes controlling complex phenotypic traits in crops. However, the connection between massive functional datasets and trait-associated gene discovery for crop improvement is still lacking. In this study, we constructed a wheat integrative gene regulatory network (wGRN) by combining an updated genome annotation and diverse complementary functional datasets, including gene expression, sequence motif, transcription factor (TF) binding, chromatin accessibility, and evolutionarily conserved regulation. wGRN contains 7.2 million genome-wide interactions covering 5947 TFs and 127 439 target genes, which were further verified using known regulatory relationships, condition-specific expression, gene functional information, and experiments. We used wGRN to assign genome-wide genes to 3891 specific biological pathways and accurately prioritize candidate genes associated with complex phenotypic traits in genome-wide association studies. In addition, wGRN was used to enhance the interpretation of a spike temporal transcriptome dataset to construct high-resolution networks. We further unveiled novel regulators that enhance the power of spike phenotypic trait prediction using machine learning and contribute to the spike phenotypic differences among modern wheat accessions. Finally, we developed an interactive webserver, wGRN (http://wheat.cau.edu.cn/wGRN), for the community to explore gene regulation and discover trait-associated genes. Collectively, this community resource establishes the foundation for using large-scale functional datasets to guide trait-associated gene discovery for crop improvement.

20.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(10): 3748-3761, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389316

RESUMO

Background: Twenty-four-hour oscillations of circadian rhythms control comprehensive biological processes in the human body. In lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), chronic circadian rhythm disruption is positively associated with tumorigenesis. However, few studies focus on circadian clock gene signatures (CGSs) for prognosis evaluation of patients with early-stage LUAD. Methods: In this study, we aimed to construct a robust prognostic circadian rhythm-related biomarker from multiple public databases, including the Gene Expression Omnibus database and The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-penalized Cox regression model was performed to select optimal circadian clock gene pairs. Bioinformatic analyses were performed to estimate the abundance of different immune cells and immunohistochemical analyses were conducted to validate the differential proportion of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in different groups. Results: Results demonstrated that the CGS could accurately identify patients with early-stage LUAD at a high risk in the training dataset [hazard ratio (HR) =3.06; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.47-3.78; P<0.001], testing dataset (HR =2.44; 95% CI: 1.74-3.43; P<0.001), and validation dataset (HR =2.09, 95% CI: 1.09-4.00; P=0.023). Bioinformatic and immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that the abundance of tumor-infiltrating CD4+ T cells was higher in the low-CGS groups. Integration of the CGS and clinical characteristics improved the accuracy of the CGS in predicting overall survival (OS) of patients with early-stage LUAD. Conclusions: In conclusion, the CGS was an independent immune-related circadian biomarker that could identify early-stage LUAD patients with different OS.

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