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1.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperpolarized 129 Xe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a non-invasive assessment of regional pulmonary gas exchange function. This technique has demonstrated that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients exhibit ventilation defects, reduced interstitial barrier tissue uptake, and poor transfer to capillary red blood cells (RBCs). However, the behavior of these measurements following therapeutic intervention is unknown. PURPOSE: To characterize changes in 129 Xe gas transfer function following administration of an inhaled long-acting beta-agonist/long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist (LABA/LAMA) bronchodilator. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Seventeen COPD subjects (GOLD II/III classification per Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria) were imaged before and after 2 weeks of LABA/LAMA therapy. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCES: Dedicated ventilation imaging used a multi-slice 2D gradient echo sequence. Three-dimensional images of ventilation, barrier uptake, and RBC transfer used an interleaved, radial, 1-point Dixon sequence. Imaging was acquired at 3 T. ASSESSMENT: 129 Xe measurements were quantified before and after LABA/LAMA treatment by ventilation defect + low percent (vendef + low ) and by barrier uptake and RBC transfer relative to a healthy reference population (bar%ref and RBC%ref ). Pulmonary function tests, including diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO ), were also performed before and after treatment. STATISTICAL TESTS: Paired t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient (r). RESULTS: Baseline vendef + low was 57.8 ± 8.4%, bar%ref was 73.2 ± 19.6%, and RBC%ref was 36.5 ± 13.6%. Following treatment, vendef + low decreased to 52.5 ± 10.6% (P < 0.05), and improved in 14/17 (82.4%) of subjects. However, RBC%ref decreased in 10/17 (58.8%) of subjects. Baseline measurements of bar%ref and DLCO were correlated with the degree of post-treatment change in vendef + low (r = -0.49, P < 0.05 and r = -0.52, P < 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: LABA/LAMA therapy tended to preferentially improve ventilation in subjects whose 129 Xe barrier uptake and DLCO were relatively preserved. However, newly ventilated regions often revealed RBC transfer defects, an aspect of lung function opaque to spirometry. These microvasculature abnormalities must be accounted for when assessing the effects of LABA/LAMA therapy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 4.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2005890, 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938063

RESUMO

For thousands of years, carbon ink has been used as a black color pigment for writing and painting purposes. However, recent discoveries of nanocarbon materials, including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and their various derivative forms, together with the advances in large-scale synthesis, are enabling a whole new generation of carbon inks that can serve as an intrinsically programmable materials platform for developing advanced functionalities far beyond color. The marriage between these multifunctional nanocarbon inks with modern printing technologies is facilitating and even transforming many applications, including flexible electronics, wearable and implantable sensors, actuators, and autonomous robotics. This review examines recent progress in the reborn field of carbon inks, highlighting their programmability and multifunctionality for applications in flexible electronics and stimuli-responsive devices. Current challenges and opportunities will also be discussed from a materials science perspective towards the advancement of carbon ink for new applications beyond color.

3.
Cancer Lett ; 510: 93-104, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872694

RESUMO

Dysfunction of Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), an NAD+-dependent histone deacetylase, impairs varied mitochondrial metabolic pathways in human cancer. Here, we explored suppressive activity of SIRT3 in the progression of gallbladder cancer (GBC). Expression levels of SIRT3 in patients with GBC were lower than those in the adjacent normal tissue. In addition, decreased expression of SIRT3 in these patients was correlated with poor overall survival. Knockdown of SIRT3 gene in GBC cell lines induced mitochondrial respiration and energy metabolism, but inhibited oxidative ROS. Silence of SIRT3 gene also suppressed AKT-dependent ferroptosis, an iron-dependent and lipid peroxide-mediated cell death. Blockade of AKT activity in sh-SIRT3 cells induced ACSL4 expression that drives ferroptosis, and inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal (EMT) markers and invasive activity. In contrast, overexpression of SIRT3 led to the opposite effects on mitochondrial metabolism and EMT. Finally, transplantation of sh-SIRT3 cells in nude mice resulted in rapid tumor growth and larger tumors that expressed lower E-cadherin and lipid peroxide 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) than those observed in control tumors. Collectively, our studies indicate that SIRT3 functions to inhibit AKT-dependent mitochondrial metabolism and EMT, leading to ferroptosis and tumor suppression.

4.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 174: 104803, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838704

RESUMO

Deoxymikanolide (DEO) was isolated from Mikania micrantha Bunge and identified as a novel antibacterial compound previously. However, the mode of antimicrobial mechanism of DEO was not clear but hypothesized to affect the morphology and physiology of Ralstonia solanacearum cells. In this study, we confirmed our hypothesis via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation and comprehensive physiological analyses, including electric conductivity, glycan and phosphorus metabolism, activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase, peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase), intrabacterial reactive oxygen species (ROS), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. We found that glycan and phosphorus metabolism, electric conductivity, intracellular ROS and MDA levels of R. solanacearum cells were significantly increased, while the activities of three antioxidant enzymes were significantly inhibited by DEO treatment. Moreover, TEM analysis showed that DEO treatment led to an early-stage of cell shrinkage, intermediate-stages of cytoplasmic damage, and a final-stage of cell disruption. Altogether, our data presented here indicate that DEO could adversely affect the physiology and morphology of R. solanacearum cells and be treated as an alternative antibacterial treatment in the future.


Assuntos
Ralstonia solanacearum , Catalase , Lactonas , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano
5.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6670495, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860063

RESUMO

At present, liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is still a great challenge for clinical liver partial resection and liver transplantation. The innate immunity regulated by liver macrophages orchestrates the cascade of IR inflammation and acts as a bridge. As a specific macrophage subunit of vacuolar ATPase, ATP6V0D2 (V-ATPase D2 subunit) has been shown to promote the formation of autophagolysosome in vitro. Our research fills a gap which has existed in the study of inflammatory stress about the V-ATPase subunit ATP6V0D2 in liver macrophages. We first found that the expression of specific ATP6V0D2 in liver macrophages was upregulated with the induction of inflammatory cascade after liver IR surgery, and knockdown of ATP6V0D2 resulted in increased secretion of proinflammatory factors and chemokines, which enhanced activation of NLRP3 and aggravation of liver injury. Further studies found that the exacerbated activation of NLRP3 was related to the autophagic flux regulated by ATP6V0D2. Knocking down ATP6V0D2 impaired the formation of autophagolysosome and aggravated liver IR injury through nonspecific V-ATPase activation independent of V-ATPase-Notchl-Hesl signal axis. In general, we illustrated that the expression of ATP6V0D2 in liver macrophages was upregulated after liver IR, and by gradually promoting the formation of autophagolysosomes to increase autophagy flux to limit the activation of liver inflammation, this regulation is independent of the Notch1-Hes1 signal axis.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9200, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33911170

RESUMO

Crop rotation is an important management tactic that farmers use to manage crop production and reduce pests and diseases. Long-term crop rotations may select groups of microbes that form beneficial or pathogenic associations with the following crops, which could explain observed crop yield differences with different crop sequences. To test this hypothesis, we used two locations each with four long-term (12-14-year), replicated, rotation treatments: continuous corn (CCC), corn/corn/soybean (SCC), corn/soybean (CSC), and soybean/corn (SCS). Afterwards, soybean was planted, and yield and soil health indicators, bulk soil microbiome, and soybean root-associated microbiome were assessed. Soybean yields, as well as soil protein, and POXC as soil health indicators were higher following CCC than in the other three treatments at both locations. A bacterial taxon in family JG30-KF-AS9 was enriched in CCC, whereas Microvirga, Rhodomicrobium, and Micromonosporaceae were enriched in SCS. Several ascomycetes explain lowered yield as soybean pathogens in SCS. Surprisingly, Tumularia, Pyrenochaetopsis and Schizothecium were enriched in soybean roots after CCC, suggesting corn pathogens colonizing soybean roots as nonpathogens. Our finding of associations between soil health indicators related to microbiomes and soybean yield has wide-ranging implications, opening the possibility of manipulating microbiomes to improve crop yield potential.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(4)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649856

RESUMO

Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a member of the Sema family of proteins, appears to serve an important role in sepsis and sepsis­induced immunosuppression and has been regarded as a crucial regulator involved in cellular immune response. However, the role of Sema3A in CD4+ T cell anergy during sepsis remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the cecal ligation and perforation model and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were used to simulate sepsis and the role of Sema3A in sepsis­induced CD4+ T cell anergy was investigated in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, the serum concentration of Sema3A was enhanced and exacerbated sepsis­induced T cell immunosuppression and multiple organ dysfunction syndromes (MODS). Administration of (­)­epigallocatechin­3­gallate, an inhibitor of Sema3A, markedly improved sepsis­induced T cell immunosuppression and MODS. In vitro, both lymphoid and myeloid lineages secreted high concentration of Sema3A in LPS­induced sepsis, especially in the lymphoid lineage. Inhibition of Sema3A alleviated T cell anergy. The NF­κB signaling pathway was involved in Sema3A­mediated autocrine loop aggravating T cell immune dysfunction during LPS­induced sepsis. Inhibiting Sema3A exerted significant improvement of sepsis­induced immunosuppression and MODS, which was associated with improvement of CD4+ T cells anergy via regulation of the NF­κB signaling pathway.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 215: 112131, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752163

RESUMO

The odor compound from Periploca sepium Bunge, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzaldehyde (HMB), is an allelochemical agent and is one of the least investigated isomers of vanillin. In this study, we used label-free quantitative proteomics analysis technology to investigate the effect of HMB on the protein expression of Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. leaves in July 2019 on Guiyang. A total of 269 proteins of 624 identified proteins were differentially expressed, among which 21.18% of the proteins were up-regulated and 32.71% down-regulated. These proteins were classified into 11 cell components and more than 20% of differentially expressed proteins were located in cell membrane and chloroplast. Functional classification analysis showed that 12 molecular functions were altered upon HMB treatment, and the ratio of catalytic activity was the highest (19.53%). At least 12 biological functions were affected, which involved small molecule metabolic processes, organic substance metabolic processes, gene expression, and photosynthesis. Our data provide resources and insights into the biochemical mechanism by which HMB kills weeds.


Assuntos
Humulus/fisiologia , Odorantes/análise , Periploca/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Benzaldeídos , China , Periploca/química , Fotossíntese , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica
9.
Nat Metab ; 3(3): 337-351, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758417

RESUMO

Alcohol is among the most widely used psychoactive substances worldwide. Ethanol metabolites such as acetate, thought to be primarily the result of ethanol breakdown by hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), contribute to alcohol's behavioural effects and alcoholism. Here, we show that ALDH2 is expressed in astrocytes in the mouse cerebellum and that ethanol metabolism by astrocytic ALDH2 mediates behavioural effects associated with ethanol intoxication. We show that ALDH2 is expressed in astrocytes in specific brain regions and that astrocytic, but not hepatocytic, ALDH2 is required to produce ethanol-derived acetate in the mouse cerebellum. Cerebellar astrocytic ALDH2 mediates low-dose ethanol-induced elevation of GABA levels, enhancement of tonic inhibition and impairment of balance and coordination skills. Thus, astrocytic ALDH2 controls the production, cellular and behavioural effects of alcohol metabolites in a brain-region-specific manner. Our data indicate that astrocytic ALDH2 is an important, but previously under-recognized, target in the brain to alter alcohol pharmacokinetics and potentially treat alcohol use disorder.


Assuntos
Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Astrócitos/enzimologia , Comportamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Etanol/toxicidade , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Animais , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117773, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674016

RESUMO

Diurnal alteration of glycogen molecular structure has been identified in healthy mice. Recently, both fragile (disintegration in dimethyl sulfoxide) and stable (not disintegrating in DMSO) glycogen particles were found in Escherichia coli. However, how glycogen structure changes dynamically in E. coli is not clear. The question examined here is whether fragile, stable glycogen α particles occur in bacteria, following a similar pattern as in mice. In this study, we examine the dynamic changes of glycogen molecular structure over 24-h in E. coli BL21(DE3), using transmission electron microscopy, size exclusion chromatography and fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis at representative time points. It was found that glycogen structure was mainly fragile at the synthesis stage and largely stable during the degradation stage. qRT-PCR results indicated that balance of anabolic and catabolic gene expression levels in glycogen metabolism could be a key factor affecting the fragility of glycogen α particles in bacteria.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Glicogênio/química , Cromatografia em Gel , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Conformação Molecular
11.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 130(5): 1398-1409, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734831

RESUMO

Hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI has emerged as a novel means to evaluate pulmonary function via 3D mapping of ventilation, interstitial barrier uptake, and RBC transfer. However, the physiological interpretation of these measurements has yet to be firmly established. Here, we propose a model that uses the three components of 129Xe gas-exchange MRI to estimate accessible alveolar volume (VA), membrane conductance, and capillary blood volume contributions to DLCO. 129Xe ventilated volume (VV) was related to VA by a scaling factor kV = 1.47 with 95% confidence interval [1.42, 1.52], relative 129Xe barrier uptake (normalized by the healthy reference value) was used to estimate the membrane-specific conductance coefficient kB = 10.6 [8.6, 13.6] mL/min/mmHg/L, whereas normalized RBC transfer was used to calculate the capillary blood volume-specific conductance coefficient kR = 13.6 [11.4, 16.7] mL/min/mmHg/L. In this way, the barrier and RBC transfer per unit volume determined the transfer coefficient KCO, which was then multiplied by image-estimated VA to obtain DLCO. The model was built on a cohort of 41 healthy subjects and 101 patients with pulmonary disorders. The resulting 129Xe-derived DLCO correlated strongly (R2 = 0.75, P < 0.001) with the measured values, a finding that was preserved within each individual disease cohort. The ability to use 129Xe MRI measures of ventilation, barrier uptake, and RBC transfer to estimate each of the underlying constituents of DLCO clarifies the interpretation of these images while enabling their use to monitor these aspects of gas exchange independently and regionally.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is perhaps one of the most comprehensive physiological measures used in pulmonary medicine. Here, we spatially resolve and estimate its key components-accessible alveolar volume, membrane, and capillary blood volume conductances-using hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI of ventilation, interstitial barrier uptake, and red blood cell transfer. This image-derived DLCO correlates strongly with measured values in 142 subjects with a broad range of pulmonary disorders.

13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 261: 117887, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766374

RESUMO

Liver glycogen is a branched glucose polymer that functions as a blood-sugar buffer in animals. Previous studies have shown that glycogen's molecular structure affects its properties. This makes it important to develop a technique that extracts and purifies a representative sample of glycogen. Here we aim to optimize the sucrose density gradient centrifugation method for preserving glycogen's molecular structure by varying the density of the sucrose solution. The preservation of glycogen's structure involves: 1) minimizing molecular damage and 2) obtaining a structurally representative sample of glycogen. The addition of a 10-minute boiling step was also tested as a means for denaturing any glycogen degrading enzymes. Lower sucrose concentrations and the introduction of the boiling step were shown to be beneficial in obtaining a more structurally representative sample, with the preservation of smaller glycogen particles and decreased glycogen chain degradation.


Assuntos
Glicogênio Hepático/química , Glicogênio Hepático/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Calibragem , Fracionamento Celular/métodos , Fracionamento Celular/normas , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Glicogênio/química , Glicogênio/isolamento & purificação , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Fígado/química , Fígado/metabolismo , Glicogênio Hepático/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/normas
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6891, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767297

RESUMO

Mutual influences between anxiety and working memory (WM) have been extensively studied, and their curvilinear relationship resembles the classic Yerkes-Dodson law of arousal and performance. Given the genetic bases of both anxiety and WM, it is likely that the individual differences in the Yerkes-Dodson law of anxiety and WM may have genetic correlates. The current genome wide association study (GWAS) enrolled 1115 healthy subjects to search for genes that are potential moderators of the association between anxiety and WM. Results showed that CPNE3 rs10102229 had the strongest effect, p = 3.38E-6 at SNP level and p = 2.68E-06 at gene level. Anxiety and WM had a significant negative correlation (i.e., more anxious individuals performed worse on the WM tasks) for the TT genotype of rs10102229 (resulting in lower expression of CPNE3), whereas the correlation was positive (i.e., more anxious individuals performed better on the WM tasks) for the CC carriers. The same pattern of results was found at the gene level using gene score analysis. These effects were replicated in an independent sample (N = 330). The current study is the first to report a gene that moderates the relation between anxiety and WM and potentially provides a genetic explanation for the classic Yerkes-Dodson law.

15.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782965

RESUMO

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, also called chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) or small inducible cytokine A2, is an inflammatory mediator capable of recruiting monocytes, memory T cells, and dendritic cells. CCL2 is a member of the CC chemokine superfamily, which binds to its receptor, C-C motif chemokine receptor-2 (CCR2), for the induction of chemotactic activity and an increase of calcium influx. It exerts multiple effects on a variety of cells, including monocytes, macrophages, osteoclasts, basophils, and endothelial cells, and is involved in a diverse range of diseases. This review discusses the molecular structure and role of CCL2 and CCR2 in skeletal biology and disease. Molecular structure analyses reveal that CCL2 shares a conserved C-C motif; however, it has only limited sequence homology with other CCL family members. Likewise, CCR2, as a member of the G-protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptor superfamily, shares conserved cysteine residues, but exhibits very limited sequence homology with other CCR family members. In the skeletal system, the expression of CCL2 is regulated by a variety of factors, such as parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide, interleukin 1b, tumor necrosis factor-α and transforming growth factor-beta, RANKL, and mechanical forces. The interaction of CCL2 and CCR2 activates several signaling cascades, including PI3K/Akt/ERK/NF-κB, PI3K/MAPKs, and JAK/STAT-1/STAT-3. Understanding the role of CCL2 and CCR2 will facilitate the development of novel therapies for skeletal disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteolysis and other inflammatory diseases related to abnormal chemotaxis.

16.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of tumor size on account of the long-term survival results in gallbladder cancer (GBC) patients has been controversial. It is urgent necessary to identify the optimal cut-off value of tumor size in resected GBC, and we attempted to integrate tumor size with other prognostic factors into a prognostic nomogram to predict the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of GBC patients. METHODS: 1639 patients with resected GBC were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. X-tile program was used to identify the optimal cut-off value of tumor size. A nomogram including tumor size was established to predict 1-, 3- and 5-year CSS based on the independent risk factors chosen by univariate and multivariable cox analyses. The precision of the nomogram for predicting survival was validated with Harrell's concordance index (C-index), calibration curves, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) internally and externally. RESULTS: Patients with GBC were classified into 1-13 mm, 14-63 mm and 64 mm subgroup based on the optimal cut-off for tumor size in terms of CSS. The nomogram according to the independent factors was well calibrated and displayed better discrimination power than 7th tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage systems. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that increased tumor size is closely associated with the worse CSS. Our novel nomogram, which outperforms the conventional TNM staging system, showed satisfactory accuracy and clinically practicality for predicting the outcome of resected GBC patients.

17.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(1): 754-758, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545798

RESUMO

Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare condition, whilst lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. We came cross an interesting case with both diseases. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report pertaining to a patient with a coexisting CAF and lung adenocarcinoma. The patient was a 67-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of persistent cough. Through the examination she was diagnosed coronary artery fistula and lung adenocarcinoma. Both diseases were successfully treated in a single operation (artery ligation and pulmonary lobectomy). The post-operative period was uneventful. At 3-month follow-up, there were no signs of blood shunting or cancer recurrence. There is no standard guidelines to treat both diseases. We want to seek out a solution to the problem. In this patient, we successfully performed artery ligation and pulmonary lobectomy in a single operation without any complications. We believe the treatment of patients with CAFs should be individualized. But, there is still a lot of shortcomings in our research. First of all, we have no enough cases to support our approach. What's more, the long-term effects of the operation are not certain. Last but not least, we have no proof in genetics with both diseases.

18.
Life Sci ; 275: 119273, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631172

RESUMO

AIMS: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is a growing health problem affecting many postmenopausal women. This study intended to identify the role of dexmedetomidine (Dex) in osteoporosis (OP). MAIN METHODS: Microarray analysis was performed for the gene expression profiles of PMOP patients and postmenopausal healthy volunteers, and the most differentially expressed microRNA (miR)-361-5p was verified in clinic, and its diagnostic value in PMOP patients was analyzed. After establishment of OP model by ovariectomy, Dex treatment and overexpression of miR-361-5p or vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) were performed in OP rats or isolated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Bone mineral density (BMD) related indexes and levels of osteogenesis-angiogenesis related genes were measured. The apoptosis and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs were detected. After human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and BMSCs were cocultured, the angiogenesis of BMSCs was detected by Matrigel-based angiogenesis experiment. KEY FINDINGS: miR-361-5p was highly expressed in PMOP patients and OP rats, with good diagnostic effect on PMOP. After Dex treatment, the expressions of miR-361-5p, VEGFA, BMD related indexes were increased in OP rats. In BMSCs, level of osteogenesis-angiogenesis related genes were increased after adding Dex, and the apoptosis was decreased after coculture of HUVECs and BMSCs. miR-361-5p could target VEGFA. After miR-361-5p overexpression + Dex treatment, the indexes related to osteogenesis and angiogenesis in OP rats and BMSCs were decreased, which were reversed after further overexpressing VEGFA. SIGNIFICANCE: Dex can enhance VEGFA by inhibiting miR-361-5p, and then promote osteogenesis-angiogenesis, thus providing potential targets for PMOP treatment.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia
19.
Mol Immunol ; 132: 82-92, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556710

RESUMO

Ischemia-reperfusion(IR) injury is one of the main complications of liver transplantation and partial hepatectomy. Innate immunity mediated by kupffer cells plays an important role in it. In this study, we focused on evaluating the intrinsic relationship between the autophagy induction of kupffer cells and the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes caused by liver ischemia-reperfusion. Pre-depletion of kupffer cells can aggravate inflammation and tissue damage within 24 h after IR.Enhancing the autophagy of kupffer cells can inhibit the activation of NLRP3 caused by IR, and inhibiting autophagy can induce the secretion of IL1ß dependent on NLRP3 activation.Eva1a is up-regulated by the inflammatory cascade activated by IR.Knockdown of Eva1a in vivo on the one hand will aggravate IR inflammation, increase the production of TNF-α, IL-1ß and inhibit the secretion of IL-10.On the other hand, it will aggravate the liver histological damage. Knockout of Eva1a induces ASC activation and cleavage of caspase1 and IL1ß in an NLRP3-dependent manner, which is closely related to the function of blocking Eva1a to promote autophagosome formation.We further found that knockdown of ATG16L1 will reverse the more formation of autophagosomes induced by overexpression of Eva1a, whereas knockdown of ATG16L1 did not further reduce the formation of autophagosomes inhibited by siEva1a. We also found that the addition of siATG7, siATG5 and siATG12 would reverse the IR autophagy of liver induced by overexpression of Eva1a, but inhibition of the Beclin1-Vps34 pathway did not significantly reverse the effect of overexpression of Eva1a.These prove that Eva1a and ATG16L1 may work together in the liver IR model to actively induce the formation of autophagosomes and be independent from the beclin1-vps34-induced autophagy pathway to limit the excessive activation of IR inflammation. Our study provides brand new insights into the mechanism of liver macrophages in the progression of inflammation in the context of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
20.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 59(6): 1087-1097, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Liver cirrhosis (LC) is the end-stage of fibrosis in chronic liver diseases, non-invasive early detection of liver fibrosis (LF) is particularly essential for therapeutic decision. Aberrant glycosylation of glycoproteins has been demonstrated to be closely related to liver abnormalities. METHODS: This study was designed to enroll a total of 1,565 participants with LC/LF, chronic hepatitis virus (CHB) and healthy controls. Fibrosis was confirmed by liver biopsy. Using capillary electrophoresis N-glycan fingerprint (NGFP) analysis, we developed a nomogram algorithm (FIB-G) to discriminate LC from non-cirrhotic subjects. RESULTS: The FIB-G demonstrated good diagnostic performances in identifying LC with the area under the curve (AUC) 0.895 (95%CI: 0.857-0.915). Furthermore, the diagnostic efficiencies of FIB-G were superior to that of log (P2/P8), procollagen III N-terminal (PIIINP), type IV collage (IV-C), laminin (LN), hyaluronic acid (HA), aspartate transaminase to platelets ratio index (APRI), and FIB-4 when detecting significant fibrosis (S0-1 vs. S2-4, AUC: 0.787, 95%CI: 0.701-0.873), severe fibrosis (S0-2 vs. S3-4, AUC: 0.844, 95%CI: 0.763-0.924), and LC (S0-3 vs. S4, AUC: 0.773, 95%CI: 0.667-0.880). Besides, changes of FIB-G were associated well with the regression of fibrosis and liver function Child-Pugh classification. CONCLUSIONS: FIB-G is an accurate multivariant N-glycomic algorithm for LC prediction and fibrosis progression/regression monitoring. The high throughput feasible NGFP using only 2 µL of serum could help physicians make the more precise non-invasive staging of LF or cirrhosis and reduce the need for invasive liver biopsy.

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