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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7385, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32355256

RESUMO

Hyperpolarized 129Xe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is capable of regional mapping of pulmonary gas-exchange and has found application in a wide range of pulmonary disorders in humans and animal model analogs. This study is the first application of 129Xe MRI to the monocrotaline rat model of pulmonary hypertension. Such models of preclinical pulmonary hypertension, a disease of the pulmonary vasculature that results in right heart failure and death, are usually assessed with invasive procedures such as right heart catheterization and histopathology. The work here adapted from protocols from clinical 129Xe MRI to enable preclinical imaging of rat models of pulmonary hypertension on a Bruker 7 T scanner. 129Xe spectroscopy and gas-exchange imaging showed reduced 129Xe uptake by red blood cells early in the progression of the disease, and at a later time point was accompanied by increased uptake by barrier tissues, edema, and ventilation defects-all of which are salient characteristics of the monocrotaline model. Imaging results were validated by H&E histology, which showed evidence of remodeling of arterioles. This proof-of-concept study has demonstrated that hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI has strong potential to be used to non-invasively monitor the progression of pulmonary hypertension in preclinical models and potentially to also assess response to therapy.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327345

RESUMO

Anti-TNF biologics have achieved great success in the treatment of autoimmune diseases and have been the most selling biologics on market. However, the anti-TNF biologics have shown some disadvantages such as poor efficacy to some patients and high risk of infection and malignancies during clinical application. Current anti-TNF biologics are antibodies or antibody fragments that bind to TNF-α and subsequently block both TNF-TNFR1 and TNF-TNFR2 signaling. Transgenic animal studies indicate that TNFR1 signaling is responsible for chronic inflammation and cell apoptosis whereas TNFR2 signaling regulates tissue regeneration and inflammation. Recent studies propose to selectively inhibit TNFR1 to enhance efficacy and avoid side effects. In this review, we introduce the biology of TNF-TNFR1 and TNF-TNFR2 signaling, the advantages of selective inhibition of TNF-TNFR1 signaling and research updates on the development of selective inhibitors for TNF-TNFR1 signaling. Antibodies, small molecules and aptamers that selectively inhibit TNFR1 have showed therapeutic potential and less side effects in preclinical studies. Development of selective inhibitors for TNFR1 is a good strategy to enhance the efficacy and reduce the side effects of anti-TNF inhibitors and will be a trend for next-generation of anti-TNF inhibitors.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(2): 353-361, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148007

RESUMO

It is important to find monomers of traditional Chinese medicine that can inhibit the activation of IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway to suppress the growth and deterioration of tumors. A novel expression vector containing STAT3 enhancer sequence and NanoLuc (NLuc) reporter gene sequence was constructed by gene recombination technology, then a cell line expressing NLuc luciferase and regulated by STAT3 was further established. The cell line was used to quantitatively detect the regulatory effects of various traditional Chinese medicine monomers on the IL-6/STAT3 signal pathway. The effects of the traditional Chinese medicine monomers inhibiting the IL-6/STAT3 signal pathway were verified by Western blotting immunoassay and Real-time PCR analysis. By enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing analysis, it showed that the reporter gene expression vector pQCXIP-STAT3-Nluc was constructed successfully. The addition of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a stimulator of STAT3 transcription factor, to the constructed cell line specifically enhanced the luciferase enzymatic reaction in a dose dependent manner. These results demonstrated that the cell line expressing NLuc luciferase and regulated by STAT3 has been constructed successfully. We used the the cell line screened out dendrobiine and tetrandrine which could significantly inhibit IL-6/STAT3 signal pathway and down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, we have constructed an efficient reporter gene system to detect the transcriptional activity of STAT3, by which the Chinese medicine monomers inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway were successfully screened out, which has some potential theoretical and practical values.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Transdução de Sinais
4.
Cell Rep ; 30(10): 3323-3338.e6, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160540

RESUMO

Eukaryotic DNA replication licensing is a prerequisite for, and plays a role in, regulating genome duplication that occurs exactly once per cell cycle. ORC (origin recognition complex) binds to and marks replication origins throughout the cell cycle and loads other replication-initiation proteins onto replication origins to form pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs), completing replication licensing. However, how an asymmetric single-heterohexameric ORC structure loads the symmetric MCM (minichromosome maintenance) double hexamers is controversial, and importantly, it remains unknown when and how ORC proteins associate with the newly replicated origins to protect them from invasion by histones. Here, we report an essential and cell-cycle-dependent ORC "dimerization cycle" that plays three fundamental roles in the regulation of DNA replication: providing a symmetric platform to load the symmetric pre-RCs, marking and protecting the nascent sister replication origins for the next licensing, and playing a crucial role to prevent origin re-licensing within the same cell cycle.

5.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(3): 383-389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132873

RESUMO

Objective: The proportion of hepatitis e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients in China has increased rapidly. However, the response of these patients to peginterferon (peg-IFN) treatment is poor, and the antiviral treatment strategies are inconsistent. This study aimed to investigate the role of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in early prediction of response in HBeAg-negative CHB patients receiving peg-IFN α-2a. Patients and Methods: Treatment-naïve HBeAg-negative patients were involved in this prospective study during 2014-2018. The HBV DNA and HBsAg were quantified at baseline and during treatment (weeks 12, 24 and 48) in sera. The factors associated with HBV DNA undetectable and HBsAg <100 IU/ml at treatment 48 weeks were assessed. Results: This study involved 45 patients. There was HBV DNA undetectable in 36 cases (80%), including 19 (52.8%) with HBsAg <100 IU/ml at week 48. The HBV DNA <2.0 log10IU/ml at week 24 (PPV = 96.9%, NPV = 66.7%, P = 0.018) was an independent predictor of HBV DNA undetectable at week 48. The HBsAg <800 IU/ml at baseline (PPV = 92.1%, NPV = 69.7%, P = 0.054) and HBsAg decline >5.00-fold at week 24 (PPV = 83.3%, NPV = 77.8%, P = 0.038) were independent predictors of HBsAg <100 IU/ml and HBV DNA undetectable at week 48. Conclusion: Early on-treatment quantification of HBV DNA and HBsAg in patients with HBeAg-negative CHB treated with peg-IFN α-2a may help identify those likely to be cured by this method and optimize therapy strategies.

6.
Reprod Sci ; 27(1): 46-54, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046406

RESUMO

Chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR4/CXCR7 play a pivotal role in many physiological and pathological situations, while the expression and function in human term trophoblast cells remain largely unknown. In the study, the expression and function of CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR4/CXCR7 in human term trophoblast cells were investigated. Immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry showed that the expression of CXCL12/CXCR4/CXCR7 could be detected in term trophoblast cells while expression level differed. The secretion of CXCL12 in human term trophoblast cells was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In order to reveal the function of CXCL12, exogenetic recombinant human CXCL12 protein (rhCXCL12) was added to the cultured term trophoblast cells; results showed that cell proliferation ability was increased while cell apoptosis rate was decreased. Moreover, the effects of rhCXCL12 on term trophoblast cells could be diminished or attenuated by antibodies against CXCL12, CXCR4, or CXCR7, respectively. Therefore, these results revealed the important role of CXCL12 on human term trophoblast cells. Our study will provide new insights into understanding the role of CXCL12 on human term trophoblast cells.

7.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 44(1): 70-74, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939885

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the valuable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of sinonasal metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (cc-RCC), especially focusing on its dynamic-enhanced characteristics. METHODS: The conventional and dynamic-enhanced MRI findings of 8 patients with histopathologically confirmed sinonasal metastatic cc-RCC were reviewed by 2 radiologists. The control group of 8 patients with capillary hemangioma underwent the same MRI protocol. RESULTS: Metastatic cc-RCCs arose from the nasoethmoid region, maxillary sinus, posterior ethmoid and sphenoid sinus, and nasal cavity in 2 patients in each. These lesions were well circumscribed and the mean maximum dimension was 42 mm. The signal intensity of these lesions was isointense to brain stem on both MR T1- and T2-weighted images. All metastatic tumors showed vivid enhancement on enhanced T1-weighted image. Multiple flow voids within these metastatic lesions were identified in 6 patients. Peripheral cyst was detected around the metastatic tumor in 4 patients. Metastatic cc-RCCs exhibited a characteristic type 4 time intensity curve (TIC) similar to that of the internal carotid artery, whereas capillary hemangiomas showed a type 3 TIC on dynamic-enhanced MRI. CONCLUSIONS: A hypervascular mass with the characteristic type 4 TIC in the sinonasal region is highly suggestive of a metastatic cc-RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/secundário , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica
8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(6): 3303-3313, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965715

RESUMO

Osteolytic skeletal disorders are caused by an imbalance in the osteoclast and osteoblast function. Suppressing the differentiation and resorptive function of osteoclast is a key strategy for treating osteolytic diseases. Dracorhodin perchlorate (D.P), an active component from dragon blood resin, has been used for facilitating wound healing and anti-cancer treatments. In this study, we determined the effect of D.P on osteoclast differentiation and function. We have found that D.P inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and resorbed pits of hydroxyapatite-coated plate in a dose-dependent manner. D.P also disrupted the formation of intact actin-rich podosome structures in mature osteoclasts and inhibited osteoclast-specific gene and protein expressions. Further, D.P was able to suppress RANKL-activated JNK, NF-κB and Ca2+ signalling pathways and reduces the expression level of NFATc1 as well as the nucleus translocation of NFATc1. Overall, these results indicated a potential therapeutic effect of D.P on osteoclast-related conditions.

9.
Int J Pharm ; 577: 119047, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982560

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease featured with chronic joint inflammation. Suppression of inflammation is critical to RA treatment and joint protection. In this study, DNA nanodrugs are prepared via the conjugation of NF-κB decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (dODNs) and VCAM-1 targeted peptides (P) onto self-assembled DNA tetrahedrons (TDs). Physicochemical properties of DNA nanodrugs are characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), gel electrophoresis and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR). Cytotoxicity, cellular uptake and anti-inflammatory efficacy of DNA nanodrugs are evaluated in vitro. Clinical arthritis index, inflammatory proteins in serum and joint pathophysiology are also investigated in vivo. TD-P-dODN possesses one dODN and one P and exhibits faster and higher cellular uptake by inflammatory cells compared with free dODNs. TD-P-dODN also significantly reduce inflammatory proteins in cells and adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA) mice. Reduced clinical arthritis index and improved joint rehabilitation are also achieved by TD-P-dODN treatment. This study demonstrates that an engineered DNA nanodrug (TD-P-dODN) enhances the efficacy of nucleic acid drugs and represents a promising strategy for RA treatment.

10.
Life Sci ; 244: 117336, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972206

RESUMO

AIMS: Postmenopausal osteoporosis and other osteolytic bone diseases are often caused by the elevation in osteoclastogenesis and/or increased osteoclastic bone resorption, leading to excessive bone loss. Hederagenin (Hed) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid saponin extracted from various natural medicinal plants and exhibits numerous biological activities and may offer benefits against bone-related conditions. We evaluated the effects of Hed on osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro and the in vivo therapeutic benefits in the mouse model of ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss. MAIN METHODS: In vitro, osteoclast formation were determined by TRAcp staining; bone resorption were examined using Hydroxyapatite resorption assay and Podosomal actin belt formation assay; Related molecular mechanisms were determined by western blot assay. Construction of OVX mice by bilateral oophorectomy to simulate bone loss in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: In vitro cellular assays showed that Hed inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and osteoclast bone (hydroxyapatite) resorption as well as marker gene expression from BMM culture. Mechanistically, Hed attenuated RANKL-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and MAPK signaling pathway (ERK and p38) activation which curbed the downstream induction of c-Fos and NFATc1. Consistent with the in vitro findings, Hed administration effectively protected OVX mice from bone loss by reducing osteoclast number and activity on bone surface. SIGNIFICANCE: Our data provided promising evidence for the potential use of Hederagenin in the treatment of osteoclast-mediated osteolytic bone diseases such as postmenopausal osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Animais , Reabsorção Óssea/etiologia , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/genética , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Br J Pharmacol ; 177(2): 314-327, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chloroquine is a traditional medicine to treat malaria. There is increasing evidence that chloroquine not only induces phagocytosis but regulates vascular tone. Few reports investigating the effect of chloroquine on vascular responsiveness of coronary arteries have been made. In this study, we examined how chloroquine affected endothelium-dependent relaxation in coronary arteries under normal and diabetic conditions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We isolated coronary arteries from mice and examined endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). Human coronary endothelial cells and mouse coronary endothelial cells isolated from control and diabetic mouse (TALLYHO/Jng [TH] mice, a spontaneous type 2 diabetic mouse model) were used for the molecular biological or cytosolic NO and Ca2+ measurements. KEY RESULTS: Chloroquine inhibited endothelium-derived NO-dependent relaxation but had negligible effect on endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH)-dependent relaxation in coronary arteries of control mice. Chloroquine significantly decreased NO production in control human coronary endothelial cells partly by phosphorylating eNOSThr495 (an inhibitory phosphorylation site of eNOS) and attenuating the rise of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration after stimulation. EDR was significantly inhibited in diabetic mice in comparison to control mice. Interestingly, chloroquine enhanced EDR in diabetic coronary arteries by, specifically, increasing EDH-dependent relaxation due partly to its augmenting effect on gap junction activity in diabetic mouse coronary endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These data indicate that chloroquine affects vascular relaxation differently under normal and diabetic conditions. Therefore, the patients' health condition such as coronary macrovascular or microvascular disease, with or without diabetes, must be taken account into the consideration when selecting chloroquine for the treatment of malaria.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 145: 1180-1188, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678102

RESUMO

Diclofenac sodium (DS) is an emerging contaminant that is toxic and remains at high concentrations in natural aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to fabricate a novel spherical polymeric adsorbent composed of cross-linked chitosan beads grafted by polyethylenimine (PEI) to remove DS from water. The adsorbents were thoroughly characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analyses, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A cross-linking step was expected to enhance adsorption. The experimental data obtained from a series of adsorption experiments were fit well by the Langmuir isotherm model and pseudo-second-order model. The epichlorohydrin-PEI adsorbent (EPCS@PEI) showed a maximum adsorption capacity of 253.32 mg/g and removal efficiency of nearly 100% for the DS in the initial 50 mg/L solution. Therefore, EPCS@PEI is proposed as a potential adsorbent for DS removal, where these initial findings are expected to promote further design and fabrication of effective adsorbents for practical applications.

14.
Neuropathology ; 40(1): 104-108, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828823

RESUMO

Nemaline myopathy (NEM) is a congenital myopathy that typically presents with proximal muscle weakness and hypotonia. To date, 13 genes have been associated with NEM. The Kelch repeat and BTB domain-containing protein 13 (KBTBD13) gene (KBTBD13)-related NEM is a rarely reported condition, and not a single case has been reported in Asia. Here, we report the case of a mother and daughter in China with NEM caused by a mutation (c.1222C>T) in KBTBD13. Their shared clinical phenotype is symmetrical muscle weakness in the arms and legs with childhood onset. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging showed the unique replacement mode of muscle with fibro-fatty tissue. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of fibers containing rod-shaped structures in the cytoplasm or under the sarcolemma. DNA sequencing analysis detected a heterozygous mutation (c.1222C>T) in KBTBD13 in this family. A founder effect for the variant may exist in the Low Countries of Belgium and the Netherlands, and the mutation may be a hotspot mutation in Europe, as it has not been reported in Asia. Our case study expands the spectrum of KBTBD13-related NEM.

15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 229: 115526, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826402

RESUMO

Glycogen, a highly-branched glucose polymer, functions as a sugar reservoir in many organs and tissues. Liver glycogen comprises small ß particles which can bind to form into large agglomerates (α particles) which readily degrade to ß particles in diabetic livers. Muscle glycogen has only ß particles, optimal for quick energy release. Healthy kidney contains negligible glycogen, but there is an abnormally high accumulation in diabetic kidneys. We here compare the molecular structure of glycogen in diabetic kidneys with that in liver and muscle, using a diabetic rat model. This involved exploring extraction techniques to minimize glycogen degradation. Using size exclusion chromatography and transmission electron microscopy, it was found that there were only ß particles in diabetic kidneys. These are postulated to form during periods of abnormally high blood sugar, the driving force being the need to reduce blood sugar under such circumstances.

16.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(3): 1995-2008, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538344

RESUMO

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNPK) is an DNA/RNA-binding protein and regulates a wide range of biological processes and disease pathogenesis. It contains 3 K-homologous (KH) domains, which are conserved in other RNA-binding proteins, mediate nucleic acid binding activity, and function as an enhancer or repressor of gene transcription. Phosphorylation of the protein alters its regulatory function, which also enables the protein to serve as a docking platform for the signal transduction proteins. In terms of the function of hnRNPK, it is central to many cellular events, including long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) regulation, cancer development and bone homoeostasis. Many studies have identified hnRNPK as an oncogene, where it is overexpressed in cancer tissues compared with the nonneoplastic tissues and its expression level is related to the prognosis of different types of host malignancies. However, hnRNPK has also been identified as a tumour suppressor, as it is important for the activation of the p53/p21 pathway. Recently, the protein is also found to be exclusively related to the regulation of paraspeckles and lncRNAs such as Neat1, Lncenc1 and Xist. Interestingly, hnRNPK has been found to associate with the Kabuki-like syndrome and Au-Kline syndrome with prominent skeletal abnormalities. In vitro study revealed that the hnRNPK protein is essential for the formation of osteoclast, in line with its importance in the skeletal system.

17.
Environ Pollut ; 258: 113758, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881510

RESUMO

Natural halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with a hollow lumen are already applied in numerous fields and enter the environment in increasing quantities, which may have effects on animal and human health. However their in vivo toxicity in mammals is still largely unclear. The aim of this study is to assess acute oral toxicity of HNTs in the stomach of mice and recovery. Oral HNTs at low dose (5 mg HNTs/kg BW) for 30 days increased in daily food and water intake and promoted mouse growth with no obvious adverse effect on the stomach. The promotive effect on mouse growth disappeared after cessation of oral administration of the nanotubes. Oral HNTs for 30 days at high dose (50 mg HNTs/kg BW) induced Si and Al accumulation in the stomach, which caused oxidative stress, inflammation and iNOS-mediated damage in the organ. The damage in the stomach led to slight atrophic gastritis and reduced mouse growth. Oral HNTs-induced changes at high dose were not observed after a 30-days recovery period. The findings provided the evidence that oral HNTs-induced acute toxicity in the stomach was reversible. More importantly, this research showed that Al and Si were cleared out of the mice by hepatic excretion and renal excretion, respectively, during the recovery period. The results suggest that HNTs at low concentration in environments have no adverse effect on mice, while there are health risks to mice under severe contamination by HNTs.


Assuntos
Argila , Nanotubos/toxicidade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Estômago/enzimologia , Administração Oral , Alumínio , Animais , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Silício , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 862, 2019 12 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792614

RESUMO

A fluorometric and colorimetric method are described for the determination of hydrogen peroxide and glucose by integrating copper nanoclusters (CuNCs) into a Fenton-like reaction. The mechanism mainly depends on the fast formation of long-strand DNA-templated CuNCs with strong red fluorescence (with excitation/emission maxima at 340/640 nm) in the absence of H2O2. The DNA can be cleaved into short-oligonucleotide fragments by hydroxy radicals as formed in the Ce(III)-triggered Fenton-like reaction in the presence of H2O2. As a result, short-strand DNA loses the ability as a template for the formation of CuNCs. This leads to a decrease of fluorescence. The colorimetric assay, in turn, is based on the oxidation of colorless Ce(III) ions to the distinctly yellow Ce(IV) ions (with an absorption maximum at 400 nm) by H2O2. Compared with those assays based on the use of enzyme mimics, this method does not require any chromogenic substrates such as ABTS and TMB. Based on the dual-signal readout platform, we successfully achieved the detection of H2O2 and glucose. LODs are as low as 0.266 µM and 2.92 µM. The methods were applied to the sensitive determination of glucose by using glucose oxidase (GOx) which catalyzes the oxidization of glucose to produce H2O2. The practical application was demonstrated by determination of glucose in human serum, with apparent recoveries of 98.4-101.9% and 99.1-105.6%, respectively. The concentration of glucose ranges from 1 to 500 µM and 50 to 600 µM based on the dual-signal readout platform, respectively. This fluorometric and colorimetric dual-mode strategy will pave a new avenue for constructing effective assays for H2O2-related analytes in biochemical and clinical applications. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of a fluorometric and colorimetric dual-readout strategy for the sensitive determination of hydrogen peroxide and glucose. The assay has been designed by integrating copper nanoclusters into a Ce(III)-triggered Fenton-like reaction.

19.
Acad Radiol ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786076

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hyperpolarized 129Xe ventilation MRI is typically acquired using multislice fast gradient recalled echo (GRE), but interleaved 3D radial 129Xe gas transfer MRI now provides dissolved-phase and ventilation images from a single breath. To investigate whether these ventilation images provide equivalent quantitative metrics, we introduce generalized linear binning analysis. METHODS: This study included 36 patients who had undergone both multislice GRE ventilation and 3D radial gas exchange imaging. Images were then quantified by linear binning to classify voxels into one of four clusters: ventilation defect percentage (VDP), Low-, Medium- or High-ventilation percentage (LVP, MVP, HVP). For 3D radial images, linear binning thresholds were generalized using a Box-Cox rescaled reference histogram. We compared the cluster populations from the two ventilation acquisitions both numerically and spatially. RESULTS: Interacquisition Bland-Altman limits of agreement for the clusters between 3D radial vs GRE were (-7% to 5%) for VDP, (-10% to 14%) for LVP, and (-8% to 8%) for HVP. While binning maps were qualitatively similar between acquisitions, their spatial overlap was modest for VDP (Dice = 0.5 ± 0.2), and relatively poor for LVP (0.3 ± 0.1) and HVP (0.2 ± 0.1). CONCLUSION: Both acquisitions yield reasonably concordant VDP and qualitatively similar maps. However, poor regional agreement (Dice) suggests that the two acquisitions cannot yet be used interchangeably. However, further improvements in 3D radial resolution and reconciliation of bias field correction may well obviate the need for a dedicated ventilation scan in many cases.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(1): 19, 2019 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807940

RESUMO

The authors have studied the role of different ligands on the surfaces of silver nanoplates for regulating their analytical applications. Citrate-capped silver nanoplates are applied for the detection of chromium ions (Cr3+) based on aggregation of silver nanoplates. Cr3+ can cause aggregation through high affinity between Cr3+ and carboxylate groups of citrates, resulting in a color change from dark yellow to purple and at last colorless. The detection limit is 8.0 nM. This system shows excellent selectivity in the presence of a variety of other metal ions. Further, silver nanoplates coupled with iodide ions are employed for the colorimetric determination of copper ions (Cu2+) based on a new strategy of fusion/oxidation etching nanoplates. When Cu2+ is introduced into this silver nanoplate system, Cu2+ can oxidize I- to iodine (I2), which can further oxidize silver to form silver iodide (AgI). Simultaneously, the solution color changes from dark yellow to colorless. The lower limit detection is 0.27 µM. This assay exhibits excellent selectivity for Cu2+ over other environmental metal ions. It is perceived that this design concept will open up a fresh insight of simple, rapid and reliable detection of other heavy metal ions in drinking water and environmental samples. Graphical abstract Iodide-assisted silver nanoplates can be used for the colorimetric and visual ldetermination of Cr3+ and Cu2+ based on an aggregation/fusion/oxidation etching mechanism. These systems allows selective and sensitive determination of the ions in real samples.

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