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Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4723, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354064


Translational riboswitches are cis-acting RNA regulators that modulate the expression of genes during translation initiation. Their mechanism is considered as an RNA-only gene-regulatory system inducing a ligand-dependent shift of the population of functional ON- and OFF-states. The interaction of riboswitches with the translation machinery remained unexplored. For the adenine-sensing riboswitch from Vibrio vulnificus we show that ligand binding alone is not sufficient for switching to a translational ON-state but the interaction of the riboswitch with the 30S ribosome is indispensable. Only the synergy of binding of adenine and of 30S ribosome, in particular protein rS1, induces complete opening of the translation initiation region. Our investigation thus unravels the intricate dynamic network involving RNA regulator, ligand inducer and ribosome protein modulator during translation initiation.

Biossíntese de Proteínas , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Riboswitch/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Conformação Proteica , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/química , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/genética , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/metabolismo , Ribossomos/química , Vibrio vulnificus/genética , Vibrio vulnificus/metabolismo
Commun Chem ; 22019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157308


There is a need to develop asymmetric routes to functionalised ß-lactams, which remain the most important group of antibacterials. Here we describe biocatalytic and protein engineering studies concerning carbapenem biosynthesis enzymes, aiming to enable stereoselective production of functionalised carbapenams with three contiguous chiral centres. Structurally-guided substitutions of wildtype carboxymethylproline synthases enable tuning of their C-N and C-C bond forming capacity to produce 5-carboxymethylproline derivatives substituted at C-4 and C-6, from amino acid aldehyde and malonyl-CoA derivatives. Use of tandem enzyme incubations comprising an engineered carboxymethylproline synthase and an alkylmalonyl-CoA forming enzyme (i.e. malonyl-CoA synthetase or crotonyl-CoA carboxylase reductase) can improve stereocontrol and expand the product range. Some of the prepared 4,6-disubstituted-5-carboxymethylproline derivatives are converted to bicyclic ß-lactams by carbapenam synthetase catalysis. The results illustrate the utility of tandem enzyme systems involving engineered crotonases for asymmetric bicyclic ß-lactam synthesis.

J Biomol NMR ; 69(1): 31-44, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28879611


Recently, 15N-detected multidimensional NMR experiments have been introduced for the investigation of proteins. Utilization of the slow transverse relaxation of nitrogen nuclei in a 15N-TROSY experiment allowed recording of high quality spectra for high molecular weight proteins, even in the absence of deuteration. Here, we demonstrate the applicability of three 15N-detected H-N correlation experiments (TROSY, BEST-TROSY and HSQC) to RNA. With the newly established 15N-detected BEST-TROSY experiment, which proves to be the most sensitive 15N-detected H-N correlation experiment, spectra for five RNA molecules ranging in size from 5 to 100 kDa were recorded. These spectra yielded high resolution in the 15N-dimension even for larger RNAs since the increase in line width with molecular weight is more pronounced in the 1H- than in the 15N-dimension. Further, we could experimentally validate the difference in relaxation behavior of imino groups in AU and GC base pairs. Additionally, we showed that 15N-detected experiments theoretically should benefit from sensitivity and resolution advantages at higher static fields but that the latter is obscured by exchange dynamics within the RNAs.

Isótopos de Nitrogênio/química , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular/métodos , RNA/química
Nucleic Acids Res ; 45(9): 5512-5522, 2017 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28204648


The full-length translation-regulating add adenine riboswitch (Asw) from Vibrio vulnificus has a more complex conformational space than its isolated aptamer domain. In addition to the predicted apo (apoA) and holo conformation that feature the conserved three-way junctional purine riboswitch aptamer, it adopts a second apo (apoB) conformation with a fundamentally different secondary structure. Here, we characterized the ligand-dependent conformational dynamics of the full-length add Asw by NMR and by single-molecule FRET (smFRET) spectroscopy. Both methods revealed an adenine-induced secondary structure switch from the apoB-form to the apoA-form that involves no tertiary structural interactions between aptamer and expression platform. This strongly suggests that the add Asw triggers translation by capturing the apoA-form secondary structure in the holo state. Intriguingly, NMR indicated a homogenous, docked aptamer kissing loop fold for apoA and holo, while smFRET showed persistent aptamer kissing loop docking dynamics between comparably stable, undocked and docked substates of the apoA and the holo conformation. Unraveling the folding of large junctional riboswitches thus requires the integration of complementary solution structural techniques such as NMR and smFRET.

Adenina/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Riboswitch , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Pareamento de Bases/genética , Sequência de Bases , Ligantes , Magnésio/farmacologia , Mutação/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Imagem Individual de Molécula