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2.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227693, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971950

RESUMO

Young children with brain tumours are at high risk of developing treatment-related sequelae. We aimed to assess neuropsychological outcomes 5 years after treatment. This cross-sectional study included children under 4 years of age with medulloblastoma (MB) or ependymoma (EP) enrolled in the German brain tumour trials HIT2000 and HIT-REZ2005. Testing was performed using the validated Wuerzburg Intelligence Diagnostics (WUEP-D), which includes Kaufman-Assessment-Battery, Coloured Progressive Matrices, Visual-Motor Integration, finger tapping "Speed", and the Continuous Performance Test. Of 104 patients in 47 centres, 72 were eligible for analyses. We assessed whether IQ was impacted by disease extent, disease location, patient age, gender, age at surgery, and treatment (chemotherapy with our without craniospinal irradiation [CSI] or local radiotherapy [LRT]). Median age at surgery was 2.3 years. Testing was performed at a median of 4.9 years after surgery. Patients with infratentorial EPs (treated with LRT) scored highest in fluid intelligence (CPM 100.9±16.9, mean±SD); second best scores were achieved by patients with MB without metastasis treated with chemotherapy alone (CPM 93.9±13.2), followed by patients with supratentorial EPs treated with LRT. In contrast, lowest scores were achieved by patients that received chemotherapy and CSI, which included children with metastasised MB and those with relapsed MB M0 (CPM 71.7±8.0 and 73.2±21.8, respectively). Fine motor skills were reduced in all groups. Multivariable analysis revealed that type of treatment had an impact on IQ, but essentially not age at surgery, time since surgery or gender. Our results confirm previous reports on the detrimental effects of CSI in a larger cohort of children. Comparable IQ scores in children with MB treated only with chemotherapy and in children with EP suggest that this treatment strategy represents an attractive option for children who have a high chance to avoid application of CSI. Longitudinal follow-up examinations are warranted to assess long-term neuropsychological outcomes.

3.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The HERBY trial evaluated the benefit of the addition of the antiangiogenic agent Bevacizumab (BEV) to radiotherapy/temozolomide (RT/TMZ) in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed non-brainstem high-grade glioma (HGG). The work presented here aims to correlate imaging characteristics and outcome measures with pathologic and molecular data. METHODS: Radiological, pathologic, and molecular data were correlated with trial clinical information to retrospectively re-evaluate event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: One-hundred thirteen patients were randomized to the RT/TMZ arm (n = 54) or the RT/TMZ+BEV (BEV arm; n = 59). The tumor arose in the cerebral hemispheres in 68 patients (Cerebral group) and a midline location in 45 cases (Midline group). Pathologic diagnosis was available in all cases and molecular data in 86 of 113. H3 K27M histone mutations were present in 23 of 32 Midline cases and H3 G34R/V mutations in 7 of 54 Cerebral cases. Total/near-total resection occurred in 44 of 68 (65%) Cerebral cases but in only 5 of 45 (11%) Midline cases (P < 0.05). Leptomeningeal metastases (27 cases, 13 with subependymal spread) at relapse were more frequent in Midline (17/45) than in Cerebral tumors (10/68, P < 0.05). Mean OS (14.1 months) and EFS (9.0 months) in Midline tumors were significantly lower than mean OS (20.7 months) and EFS (14.9 months) in Cerebral tumors (P < 0.05). Pseudoprogression occurred in 8 of 111 (6.2%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that the poor outcome of midline tumors (compared with cerebral) may be related to (1) lesser surgical resection, (2) H3 K27M histone mutations, and (3) higher leptomeningeal dissemination.

4.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 36(4): 697-704, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848724

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The diagnosis of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is based largely on a combination of clinical and radiological findings due to the difficulty of obtaining a biopsy. An accurate evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans is consequently essential. Recent analyses on the genomic landscape of DIPG revealed recurrent mutations in the H3F3A and HIST1H3B histone genes. We reviewed cases with available tumor tissue from institutional DIPG series to ascertain the consistency between their histo-molecular findings and clinical-radiological features. METHODS: We conducted a radiological and pathological central review of 22 cases enrolled in institutional DIPG trials. We performed immunohistochemical analyses to detect H3F3A/HIST1H3B K27M mutations, histone trimethylation, and EZH2 expression. Mutational analysis was performed for ACVR1, H3F3A, and HIST1H3B genes. RESULTS: Patients' median age at diagnosis was 8 years, and their median overall survival was 11 months. Nineteen/22 cases (86%) showed evidence of K27M mutation on immunohistochemistry and/or mutation analysis. Histone trimethylation expression was low or lacking in these mutated cases. Sequence analysis revealed 13 cases with H3F3A and 1 case with HIST1H3B K27M mutation. There was no significant difference in EZH2 expression between the K27M mutant and wild-type DIPGs. Upon external, blinded MRI re-evaluation one lesion not consistent with DIPG showed no evidence of K27M mutation and retained histone trimethylation expression. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study demonstrates a high frequency of histone K27M mutations in DIPG when MRI features are carefully assessed, thus confirming the consistency of imaging with biological markers in our institutional series of DIPG.

5.
Neuro Oncol ; 2019 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to what may be defined as standard of care (including markers for stratification) for patients with Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumors (ATRT). The European Rhabdoid Registry, EU-RHAB, recruits uniformly treated patients and offers standardized genetic and DNA methylation analyses. METHODS: Clinical, genetic and treatment data of 143 patients from 13 European countries were analyzed (2009 - 2017). Therapy consisted of surgery, anthracycline-based induction and either radiotherapy or high dose chemotherapy following a consensus among European experts. FISH, MLPA and sequencing were employed for assessment of somatic and germline mutations in SMARCB1. Molecular subgroups (ATRT-SHH, -TYR and -MYC) were determined using DNA-methylation arrays resulting in profiles of 84 tumors. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis of 67 girls and 76 boys was 29.5 months. 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 34.7±4.5% and 30.5±4.2%. Tumors displayed allelic partial/whole gene deletions (66%; 122/186 alleles) or single nucleotide variants (34%; 64/186 alleles) of SMARCB1. Germline mutations were detected in 26% of ATRT (30/117). The patient cohort consisted of 47% ATRT-SHH (39/84), 33% ATRT-TYR (28/84), and 20% ATRT-MYC 17/84). Age <1 year, non-TYR signature (ATRT-SHH or -MYC), metastatic or synchronous tumors, germline mutation, incomplete remission and omission of radiotherapy were negative prognostic factors in univariate analyses (p<0.05). An adjusted multivariate model identified age <1 year and a non-TYR signature as independent negative predictors of OS: high risk (<1 year + non-TYR; 5-year OS = 0%), intermediate risk (<1 year + ATRT-TYR or ≥1 year + non-TYR; 5-year OS = 32.5±8.7%) and standard risk (≥1 year + ATRT-TYR, 5-year OS = 71.5±12.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Age and molecular subgroup status are independent risk factors for survival in children with ATRT. Our model warrants validation within future clinical trials.

6.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 5(1): 75, 2019 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699993

RESUMO

Craniopharyngiomas are rare malformational tumours of low histological malignancy arising along the craniopharyngeal duct. The two histological subtypes, adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (ACP) and papillary craniopharyngioma (PCP), differ in genesis and age distribution. ACPs are diagnosed with a bimodal peak of incidence (5-15 years and 45-60 years), whereas PCPs are restricted to adults mainly in the fifth and sixth decades of life. ACPs are driven by somatic mutations in CTNNB1 (encoding ß-catenin) that affect ß-catenin stability and are predominantly cystic in appearance. PCPs frequently harbour somatic BRAFV600E mutations and are typically solid tumours. Clinical manifestations due to increased intracranial pressure, visual impairment and endocrine deficiencies should prompt imaging investigations, preferentially MRI. Treatment comprises neurosurgery and radiotherapy; intracystic chemotherapy is used in monocystic ACP. Although long-term survival is high, quality of life and neuropsychological function are frequently impaired due to the close anatomical proximity to the optic chiasm, hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Indeed, hypothalamic involvement and treatment-related hypothalamic lesions frequently result in hypothalamic obesity, physical fatigue and psychosocial deficits. Given the rarity of these tumours, efforts to optimize infrastructure and international collaboration should be research priorities.

7.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 7(1): 181, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727173

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Risk stratification of children with ependymomas of the posterior fossa in current therapeutic protocols is mainly based on clinical criteria. We aimed to identify independent outcome predictors for this disease entity by a systematic integrated analysis of clinical, histological and genetic information in a defined cohort of patients treated according to the German HIT protocols. METHODS: Tumor samples of 134 patients aged 0.2-15.9 years treated between 1999 and 2010 according to HIT protocols were analyzed for histological features including mitotic activity, necrosis and vascular proliferation and genomic alterations by SNP and molecular inversion probe analysis. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method with log rank test and multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Residual tumor after surgery, chromosome 1q gain and structural genomic alterations were identified as predictors of significantly shorter event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS). Furthermore, specific histological features including vascular proliferation, necrosis and high mitotic activity were predictive for shorter OS. Multivariate Cox regression revealed residual tumor, chromosome 1q gain and mitotic activity as independent predictors of both EFS and OS. Using these independent predictors of outcome, we were able to build a 3-tiered risk stratification model that separates patients with standard, intermediate and high risk, and which outperforms current stratification procedures. CONCLUSION: The integration of defined clinical, histological and genetic parameters led to an improved risk-stratification model for posterior fossa ependymoma of childhood. After validation in independent cohorts this model may provide the basis for risk-adapted treatment of children with ependymomas of the posterior fossa.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613986

RESUMO

Reports on pediatric low-grade glioma (LGG) of the caudal brainstem are retrospective with heterogeneous cohorts, variable treatments and inconsistent outcome data. We analyzed their natural history and asked whether brainstem location proved unfavorable for survival within the framework of the comprehensive SIOP-LGG 2004 management strategy. Within the prospectively registered, population-based German SIOP-LGG 2004 cohort 116 patients (age 0.2-16.5 years, 10% Neurofibromatosis NF1) were diagnosed with LGG of the pons (27%) and medulla oblongata (73%). After biopsy (23%), variable resection (63%) or radiologic diagnosis only (14%), 59 patients received no adjuvant treatment. Radiologic progression or severe neurologic symptoms prompted chemo- (n = 39) or radiotherapy (n = 18). After further progression (28/57), salvage treatments included multiple treatment lines for 12/28 patients. Five-years event-free survival dropped to 0.40, while 5-years overall survival was 0.95 (median observation time 6.8 years). Higher extent of resection yielded lower progression rate (p = 0.001), but at a cost of 21/100 patients suffering from new postsurgical complications including respiratory insufficiency. Central review confirmed pilocytic astrocytoma (56%), diffuse astrocytoma (8%) or glioneuronal histology (16%) (others 4%, no histology 17%). Malignant evolution was documented in five patients associated with Histone3 mutation in 2/5. Our treatment algorithm conveyed high overall survival for pediatric brainstem LGG. Extensive neurosurgical resection did increase additional postoperative neurologic deficits but not overall survival in this often-chronic disease. More than half of all patients can be safely followed by observation, while multimodal adjuvant treatment can control progressive tumors. Molecular assessment should confirm low-grade diagnosis and may detect patterns prognostic for malignant evolution.

9.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 116(18): 321-328, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Craniopharyngioma is a tumor of low histological malignancy resulting from an anomaly of embryonic development. Affected children and adolescents are being studied with respect to their quality of life, progression-free survival, and overall survival in the framework of the ongoing KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2007 project. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter project consists of a randomized trial with an adaptive design combined with a purely observational study. The randomized, unblinded trial includes patients whose tumors have been incompletely resected and is intended to compare the outcomes of immediate postoperative radiotherapy versus radiotherapy on progression. Its primary endpoint is quality of life as assessed subjectively by the patients them- selves with the "Pediatric Quality of Life" questionnaire (PEDQOL). In exploratory analyses, linear mixed models were used to study the effect of further factors on quality of life. RESULTS: An interim intention-to-treat analysis of the randomized trial revealed only minor differences between the treatment arms with respect to quality of life (n = 24). The exploratory analyses (n = 131) showed that preoperative involvement of, or operative damage to, the anterior and posterior regions of the hypothalamus was associated with a lower quality of life. Complete resection was followed by a lower quality of life than incomplete resection. Radiotherapy, a common treatment for tumors that progress after incomplete resection, was also associated with a lower quality of life. CONCLUSION: Hypothalamus-sparing treatment approaches are recommended to optimize the quality of life of children and adolescents with cranio- pharyngioma. The available evidence does not support any recommendation as to when radiotherapy should be performed after incomplete resection so that the best quality of life can be achieved.

10.
Klin Padiatr ; 231(3): 107-135, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108561

RESUMO

Low grade gliomas (LGGs) constitute the largest, yet clinically and (molecular-) histologically heterogeneous group of pediatric brain tumors of WHO grades I and II occurring throughout all pediatric age groups and at all central nervous system (CNS) sites. The tumors are characterized by a slow growth rate and may show periods of growth arrest. Around 40% of all LGG patients can be cured by complete neurosurgical resection and are followed by close observation. In case of relapse, second resection often is possible. Following incomplete resection observation is recommended, as long as there is no radiologic tumor growth and the patient does not suffer from significant, tumor-related symptoms. This also applies to patients with a diagnosis of LGG on the basis of radiological criteria. By contrast, clinical worsening and / or radiologic progression are an indication to treatment with either chemo- or radiotherapy. Overall survival is around 90%, and many patients survive with residual tumor, i. e. they suffer from chronic disease. All patients need comprehensive neuro-oncological care, the principles and details of which are summarized in the current guidelines. These represent standard of care for diagnostic work-up (including neuroimaging and neuropathology), and for therapeutic decisions (including the indications to non-surgical treatment) as well as concepts for neurosurgical intervention, chemotherapy and radiotherapy as well as surveillance and rehabilitation. The current treatment algorithm was compiled by members of the LGG working group of the SIOP-E brain tumor group (SIOP-E-BTG) and is based upon the results of previous European LGG studies and international reports.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adolescente , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sociedades Médicas
11.
Pediatr Obes ; 14(9): e12527, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (CP) often suffer from tumour or treatment-related hypothalamic lesions (HL). These lesions may alter production of oxytocin, which plays a major role in the regulation of eating behaviour and body composition. OBJECTIVE: In CP with different degrees of HL, we investigated associations between HL, eating behaviour/eating attitudes, and oxytocin saliva concentrations (OSC). METHODS: In a cross-sectional case-control study on 34 CP and 73 healthy controls, OSC were measured before, and 60 minutes after breakfast by immunoassay. Eating behaviour, attitudes, and habits were assessed by standardized questionnaires. RESULTS: CP with anterior + posterior HL presented with more adverse eating behaviours/symptoms of eating disorders than CP without HL, CP with anterior HL, and controls. Eating behaviour in CP with anterior HL was similar to controls, except for their tendency towards high dietary restraints. Decreases in postprandial compared with fasting OSC were associated with adverse eating behaviour in CP and controls and with higher BMI in CP. CONCLUSIONS: CP with anterior HL and CP with anterior + posterior HL present with distinct patterns of eating behaviour. Reduced postprandial compared with fasting OSC is associated with weight problems in CP and with adverse eating behaviour and symptoms of eating disorders in both CP and controls.

12.
Endocr Connect ; 8(5): 481-492, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925462

RESUMO

Objective: Quality of life (QoL) is frequently impaired in childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (CP) by hypothalamic syndrome. The debate, whether pretreatment hypothalamic involvement (HI) has apriori prognostic impact or surgical hypothalamic lesions (HL) determine outcome, is controversial. Design: Survival and outcome of CPs recruited between 2007 and 2014 in KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2007 were analyzed with regard to reference-confirmed presurgical HI and surgical HL. Methods: Radiological findings, BMI and QoL were assessed at diagnosis and during follow-up. QoL was assessed using Pediatric Quality of Life (PEDQOL) questionnaire. Results: One hundred sixty-nine CPs were included presenting with no HI (n = 11), anterior (n = 49) and anterior + posterior (a + p) HI (n = 109) prior to surgery. The latter 109 were analyzed for postoperative HL (no lesion: n = 23, anterior HL: n = 29, a + pHL: n = 57). Progression-free survival (PFS) was higher after complete resection. The highest PFS was observed in CP with a + pHL, especially when compared between non-irradiated subgroups (P = 0.006). Overall survival (OS) rates were 1.0 in all subgroups. CP with a + pHL developed higher BMI (P ≤ 0.001) during follow-up compared between subgroups. 55/109 pts with a + pHI completed PEDQOL at diagnosis (48/109 at 3 years follow-up). QoL was worse for a + pHL patients in terms of physical, social and emotional functionality when compared with the anterior HL and no HL subgroup. BMI development and QoL during follow-up were similar for patients with anterior HL and without HL. Conclusions: Posterior hypothalamus-sparing surgical strategies are associated with higher QoL, decreased development of obesity and lower PFS in CP.

13.
Oncologist ; 24(9): e921-e929, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on frequency, clinical presentation, and outcome of primary metastatic intracranial ependymoma in children are scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective data on patients younger than 21 years with metastatic intracranial ependymoma at first diagnosis, registered from 2001 to 2014 in the HIT-2000 trial and the HIT-2000 Interim Registry, were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 453 registered patients with intracranial ependymoma and central neuropathology review, initial staging included spinal magnetic resonance imaging in all patients and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in 402 patients. Ten patients (2.2%) had metastatic disease, including three with microscopic CSF positivity only (M1 metastasis stage, 0.7% of patients with CSF staging). Location of the primary tumor was supratentorial in four patients (all supratentorial RELA-fused ependymoma [ST-EPN-RELA]) and within the posterior fossa in five patients (posterior fossa ependymoma type A [PF-EPN-A], n = 4; posterior fossa ependymoma not further classifiable, n = 1), and multifocal in one patient.All four patients with ST-EPN-RELA were alive in first or second complete remission (CR) 7.5-12.3 years after diagnosis. All four patients with macroscopic metastases of posterior fossa or multifocal ependymoma died. Three patients with initial M1 stage (ST-EPN-RELA, n = 1; PF-EPN-A, n = 2) received chemotherapy and local irradiation and were alive in second or third CR 3.0-9.7 years after diagnosis. Progression-free and overall survival of the entire cohort at 5 years was 13% (±6%), and 58% (±16%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Primary metastatic disease is rare in children with intracranial ependymoma. Prognosis may depend on molecular subgroup and extent of dissemination, and relevance of CSF analysis for initial staging remains to be clarified. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Childhood ependymoma presenting with metastasis at first diagnosis is very rare with a frequency of 2.4% in this population-based, well-characterized cohort. Detection of microscopic metastases in the cerebrospinal fluid was extremely rare, and impact on prognosis and respective treatment decision on irradiation field remains unclear. Initial metastatic presentation occurs in both supratentorial RELA-fused ependymoma and posterior fossa ependymoma. Prognosis may differ according to extent of metastasis and biological subgroup, with poor prognosis in diffusely spread metastatic posterior fossa ependymoma even after combination therapy with both intensive chemotherapy and craniospinal irradiation, which may help to guide individual therapeutic decisions for future patients.

14.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 29(4): 595-604, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027327

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Epigenetic profiling has recently identified clinically and molecularly distinct subgroups of ependymoma. The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification recognized supratentorial ependymomas (ST-EPN) with REL-associated protein/p65 (RELA) fusion as a clinicopathological entity. These tumors represent 70% of pediatric ST-EPN characterized by recurrent C11orf95-RELA fusion transcripts, which lead to pathological activation of the nuclear factor 'kappa-light-chain-enhancer' of activated B-cells (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A) inactivation has also been reported to correlate with poor prognosis. Here, we systematically describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of RELA-fused ST-EPN, with respect to CDKN2A deletion status. METHODS: Our cohort of patients with ST-EPN (n = 57) was obtained from the database of the German Brain Tumor Reference Center of the German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy (DGNN), and tumors were diagnosed according to the 2016 WHO classification. Molecular characterization identified 47 RELA-fused tumors. We analyzed the preoperative MRI according to standardized criteria, and comparison was performed between CDKN2A altered (n = 21) and CDKN2A wild type (n = 26) tumors. RESULTS: The RELA-fused ST-EPN showed a spectrum of predominantly hemispheric tumors with cysts and necrosis. Statistical analysis on CDKN2A status revealed significant differences in terms of younger manifestation age (p =0.002) and more intratumoral hemorrhage in T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) (p =0.010) in wild type tumors; however, the location was not a parameter for differentiation. CONCLUSION: This study first provides comprehensive MRI data for RELA-fused ST-EPN as a distinct entity, with further interest on CDKN2A genomic status. Patient stratification by morphological MRI alone seems difficult at present. The results may support ongoing research in ST-EPN within the framework of the radiogenomics concept.

16.
Neuro Oncol ; 20(12): 1672-1679, 2018 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30010851

RESUMO

Background: Recently, 3 molecular subgroups of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) were identified, but little is known of their clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics. Methods: A total of 43 patients with known molecular subgroup status (ATRT-sonic hedgehog [SHH], n = 17; ATRT-tyrosine [TYR], n = 16; ATRT-myelocytomatosis oncogene [MYC], n = 10) were retrieved from the EU-RHAB Registry and analyzed for clinical and MRI features. Results: On MRI review, differences in preferential tumor location were confirmed, with ATRT-TYR being predominantly located infratentorially (P < 0.05). Peritumoral edema was more pronounced in ATRT-MYC compared with ATRT-SHH (P < 0.05) and ATRT-TYR (P < 0.05). Conversely, peripheral tumor cysts were found more frequently in ATRT-SHH (71%) and ATRT-TYR (94%) compared with ATRT-MYC (40%, P < 0.05). Contrast enhancement was absent in 29% of ATRT-SHH (0% of ATRT-TYR; 10% of ATRT-MYC; P < 0.05), and there was a trend toward strong contrast enhancement in ATRT-TYR and ATRT-MYC. We found the characteristic (bandlike) enhancement in 28% of ATRT as well as restricted diffusion in the majority of tumors. A midline/off-midline location in the posterior fossa was also not subgroup specific. Visible meningeal spread (M2) at diagnosis was rare throughout all subgroups. Conclusion: These exploratory findings suggest that MRI features vary across the 3 molecular subgroups of ATRT. Within future prospective trials, MRI may aid diagnosis and treatment stratification.


Assuntos
Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Teratoma/diagnóstico , Tirosina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/metabolismo , Teratoma/genética , Teratoma/metabolismo
17.
Neuropediatrics ; 49(5): 314-323, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tectal plate low-grade gliomas (LGGs) most often present with increased intracranial pressure and sometimes as incidental findings from brain imaging. Prognostic factors predicting outcome are largely unknown. METHODS: From 2004 until 2012, 71 patients with tectal plate LGG from Germany and Switzerland were followed within the SIOP-LGG 2004 study. Median age at diagnosis was 9.7 (range: 0.1-17.5) years, and median follow-up time of surviving patients was 6.3 (interquartile range: 4.9-8.3) years. RESULTS: A total of 41 out of 71 patients received no tumor treatment (12 with and 29 without biopsy). The 10-year event-free survival (EFS) rate (± standard error ) for patients with an initial tumor volume of ≤3 cm3 was 56% (±7%), as opposed to 12% (±8%) for those with tumors >3 cm3 (p < 0.001). The 10-year EFS for patients without contrast enhancement on initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was 52% (±9%), and for those with enhancement, it was 23% (±9%) (p = 0.003). The 10-year overall survival rate was 96% (±3%) (death due to disease, 1; ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection, 1). Sixty-three (89%) patients had at least one cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedure. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of patients were managed without tumor treatment. Favorable prognostic factors for EFS were small initial tumor volume (≤3cm3) and the absence of initial contrast enhancement on MRI. Overall survival was excellent.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioma/patologia , Glioma/terapia , Teto do Mesencéfalo/patologia , Adolescente , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Teto do Mesencéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Neurooncol ; 138(3): 679-680, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29767306

RESUMO

The therapeutic experience reported in the paper was conceived after the use of nimotuzumab and radiotherapy (BSCPED-05 international multicentric trial, EUDRACT 2005-003100-11) in 2009 when we decided to explore the activity of the same combination plus vinorelbine (see the paper for the rationale).

19.
Pituitary ; 21(4): 371-378, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29589225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of presurgical hypothalamic involvement (psHI) and treatment-related hypothalamic damage (trHD) is relevant for the decision on risk-adapted treatment and rehabilitation strategies in craniopharyngioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 129 surgical reports of childhood-onset craniopharyngioma patients recruited 2007-2014 in KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2007 were analyzed. Data on psHI were available based on surgeon's (63%), reference neuroradiologist's (95%), and local radiologist's (23%) assessment. The surgical degree of resection (DoR) was assessed by neurosurgeon (95%), reference neuroradiologist (73%), and local radiologist (61%). TrHD was assessed by neurosurgeon (33%), by reference neuroradiologist (95%), and by local radiologist (2%). Neurosurgical center size was categorized based on patient load. RESULTS: Surgical assessments on psHI (n = 78), DoR (n = 89) and trHD (n = 42) as documented in surgical reports could be compared with the assessment of respective parameters by reference neuroradiologist. Differences with regard to DoR (p = 0.0001) and trHD (p < 0.0001) were detectable between surgeon's and reference neuroradiologist's assessment, whereas psHI was assessed similarly. Concordance for DoR and trHD was observed in 48 and 62%, respectively. Surgeons estimated a higher rate of complete resections and a lower rate of trHD. Neuroradiological reference assessment of trHD had higher predictive value for hypothalamic sequelae then surgical assessment. Observed differences were not related to neurosurgical center size. CONCLUSIONS: Observed differences between surgical and neuroradiological estimation of risk factors in craniopharyngioma support the necessity of neuroradiological reference review to assure standards of quality. This could be established by central internet-based neuroradiological review in KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2007. Standardization of surgical reports including specific assessment of tumor/damage location is recommended.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma/diagnóstico , Craniofaringioma/terapia , Humanos , Hipotálamo/patologia , Hipotálamo/cirurgia , Neurocirurgia/métodos , Pediatria , Qualidade de Vida
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