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1.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211040763, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral anteversion is a major contributor to functionality of the hip joint and is implicated in many joint pathologies. Accurate determination of component version intraoperatively is a technically challenging process that relies on the visual estimation of the surgeon. The following study aimed to examine whether the walls of the femoral neck can be used as appropriate landmarks to ensure appropriate femoral prosthesis version intraoperatively. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study based on 32 patients (64 hips) admitted to our centre between July and September 2020 who had undergone a CT scan of their lower limbs. Through radiological imaging analysis, the following measurements were performed bilaterally for each patient: anterior wall version, posterior wall version, and mid-neck femoral version. Anterior and posterior wall version were compared and evaluated relative to mid-neck version, which represented the true version value. RESULTS: Mean anterior wall anteversion was 20° (95% CI, 17.6-22.8°) and mean posterior wall anteversion was -12° (95% CI, -15 to -9.7°). The anterior walls of the femoral neck had a constant of -7 and a coefficient of 0.9 (95% CI, -9.8 to -4.2; p < 0.0001; R2 0.77).The posterior walls of the femoral neck had a constant of 20 and a coefficient of 0.7 (95% CI, 17.8-22.5; p < 0.0001; R2 0.60). CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons can accurately obtain femoral anteversion by subtracting 7° from the angle taken between the anterior wall and the posterior femoral condyles or by adding 20° to the angle taken between the posterior wall and the posterior femoral condyles.

2.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 87(3): 427-433, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808715

RESUMO

The accuracy of pre-operative digital templating for total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the diseased versus unaffected contralateral joint remains unclear. As such, we devised a study to compare templating precision between the operated hip joint versus the healthy side for patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The study hypothesis was that preoperative templating accuracy of THA on the ipsilateral diseased hip joint would be higher compared to the contralateral healthy hip in patients with OA. We retrospectively reviewed 100 patients who underwent THA for unilateral OA at our center from January 2018 to January 2020. Retrospective preoperative digital templating was performed separately on both the operated hip joint and the healthy contralateral hip joint by a single surgeon who was blinded by the in-situ components sizes. Accuracy of each group was compared to the implanted components. Assessment of the 100 included cases demonstrated superior acetabular component size prediction when templating was performed using the diseased hip compared to the healthy contralateral side (68.0% versus 51.0%, p<0.001). No differences between the cohorts were found regarding templating accuracy of femoral stem sizes (72.0% and 69.0%, p=0.375) or neck offset (73.0% and 69.0%, p=0.289). Templating acetabular cup size using the ipsilateral diseased hip is more accurate than using the contralateral healthy hip in patients with unilateral OA.

3.
Knee Surg Relat Res ; 33(1): 16, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of bone defects remains one of the major challenges surgeons are faced with in revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA). Large and uncontained bone defects are traditionally managed with metaphyseal sleeves that facilitate osseointegration and have reported construct stability. While many studies have presented excellent short-term outcomes using metaphyseal sleeves, less is known on their performance in the longer term. The purpose of this study was to present our mid-term results of the metaphyseal sleeves used in patients undergoing RTKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and January 2015, 30 patients underwent RTKA with the use of a CCKMB prosthesis combined with an osteointegrative sleeve. The main indications for RTKA were instability in 40% of the cases (n = 12), aseptic loosening in 30% (n = 9), infection in 26.7% (n = 8), and "other" in 3.3% (n = 1). The minimal follow-up time was 5 years and the mean follow-up time was 82.4 months (SD = 22.6). Clinical outcomes were assessed by Knee Society scores (KSS), range of motion and rate of re-operation. RESULTS: The mean Knee Society score increased significantly from 72.1 preoperatively to 90.0 postoperatively (p < 0.001). The cumulative incidence of re-operation in our study was 13.3% (n = 4). Our study reported no cases of aseptic loosening or mobile-bearing spin-out. Knee flexion to 90° and more was impossible in seven cases (23.3%) preoperatively and in one case (3.3%) postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Porous-coated metaphyseal sleeves demonstrated excellent rates of survivorship and radiographic ingrowth in the mid-term setting. However, further studies are required to assess their outcomes in the long-term.

4.
Int Orthop ; 45(5): 1199-1204, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733283

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Knee instability is one of the most common indications for having to undergo revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA) and can be prevented with adequate implant selection and good surgical technique. Varus-valgus constrained implants (VVC) are indicated for cases of RTKA with absent ligament function in order to provide the necessary stability. While mobile-bearing articulations are thought to decrease the risk of aseptic loosening in comparison to their fixed-bearing counterparts, there is limited data on their outcomes. The purpose of our study is to present the clinical and radiological outcomes for patients undergoing an RTKA procedure with the mobile-bearing VVC implant. METHODS: Between January 2008 to January 2018, 93 patients underwent RTKA with the use of varus-valgus mobile-bearing (VVCMB) prosthesis. The main indications for RTKA were instability 38.7% (n = 36), aseptic loosening 31.2% (n = 29), infection in 26.9% (n = 25), and other 3.3%. The mean follow-up time was 56 months. Clinical outcomes were assessed by knee society scores, range of motion, and rate of re-operation. RESULTS: The mean knee society score increased significantly from 65.52 pre-operatively to 89.65 post-operatively (p < 0.001). The five year cumulative incidence of re-operation in our study was 7.53% (n = 7). Our study reported no cases of aseptic loosening or mobile-bearing spin-out. The number of flexion contractures decreased from n = 23 (24.7%) pre-operatively to n = 11 (11.8%) post-operatively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The VVC mobile-bearing prosthesis demonstrated good clinical outcomes and mid-term survivorship in patients undergoing RTKA. Additional follow-up is required in the long term.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reoperação
5.
J Orthop ; 24: 15-18, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33679022

RESUMO

Introduction: There is no consensus regarding the optimal device for displaced intracapsular hip fractures. This retrospective study compared two techniques (1) cannulated cancellous screw (CCS), and (2) Targon Femoral Neck (TFN) plate. Materials and methods: Data regarding gender, operational data, complications, pain, Quality of life and function scores were retrieved. Results: 103 patients were included, 42 were treated using CCS, compared to 61 treated using TFN. Operative time shorter for CCS (p = 0.019). Complication rates were not different (p > 0.05). Conclusion: As CCS method take shorter operating time and reduced costs, CCS should be used for the treatment of displaced ICHF.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reverse oblique intertrochanteric fractures are classified by the AO/OTA as 31A3 and account for 2-23% of all trochanteric fractures. The Gamma 3-Proximal Femoral Nail (GPFN) and the Expendable Proximal Femoral Nail (EPFN) are among the various devises used to treat this fracture. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes and complication rates in patients with AO/OTA 31A1-3 fractures, treated by either a GPFN or an EPFN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 patients (40 in the GPFN group and 27 in the EPFN group, average age 78.8 years) were treated in our institution between July 2008 and February 2016. Data on postoperative radiological variables, including peg location and tip-apex distance (TAD), as well as orthopedic complications, such as union rate, surgical wound infection and cut-outs rates were also recorded, along with the incidence of non-orthopedic complications and more surgical data. Functional results were evaluated and quantified using the Modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS) and by the Short Form 12 Mental Health Composite questionnaire (SF-12 MHC) in order to assess the quality of life. RESULTS: The total prevalence of postoperative orthopedic complications including postoperative infection showed a significant difference with a p-value of 0.016 in favor of the EPFN group. Nonetheless, the frequency of revision did not differ between the two groups, being 0.134. The main orthopedic complication in both groups was head cut-out of the GPFN lag screw and the EPFN expendable peg, which was 20% and 7.4%, respectively, and required a revision surgery using a long nail or total hip replacement (THR). However, the average TAD did not significantly differ between groups which might be due to a relatively low cohort to reach a significant difference. Nonunion rate of 5% occurred solely in the GPFN group, with similar results of intraoperative open reduction between both groups. The EPFN group achieved better scores in both questionnaires (p = 0.027 and p = 0.046, respectively). Both the MHHS and SF-12 MCS values significantly differed between groups, with the EPFN group achieving better scores than the GPFN group in both questionnaires (p = 0.027 and p < 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: According to this study, the EPFN yields better results in comparison with the GPFN, with relatively less complications rate, for the treatment of unstable reverse oblique pertrochanteric fracture. In light of this results, we conclude that the EPFN might be as good as GPFN for the treatment of reverse oblique intertrochanteric fractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III retrospective study. The local institutional review board of the Tel Aviv Medical Center approved this study and all the surgeries were done exclusively in this institution.

7.
Injury ; 52(6): 1544-1548, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092856

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Blood loss during and following elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be substantial and may require allogeneic blood transfusions which carries significant risks and morbidity for patients. Intraoperative use of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been proven to reduce the need for allogeneic blood transfusion in elective THA patients. Data regarding TXA efficacy in reducing blood loss in trauma patients undergoing non-elective primary THA is sparse, and its routine use is not well established. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent non-elective primary THA in a tertiary medical center between January 1st 2011- December 31st 2019. The cohort was divided into two groups; one received perioperative TXA treatment while the other did not. Blood loss, blood product administration, peri and postoperative complications, readmissions and 1-year mortality were compared between groups. RESULTS: A total of 419 patients (146 males, 273 females) who underwent THA were included in this study. The "TXA" group consisted 315 patients compared to 104 patients in the "no TXA" group. TXA use reduced postoperative bleeding, as indicated by changes in hemoglobin levels before and after surgery (ΔHb= -2.75 gr/dL vs. ΔHb= -3.34 gr/dL, p<0.001) and by administration of allogeneic blood transfusions (7.0% vs. 16.3%, p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Similar to the known effect of TXA in elective THA patients, the use of TXA treatment in patients undergoing non-elective THA led to a significant reduction in postoperative blood loss and in the proportion of patients requiring allogeneic blood transfusions.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Artroplastia de Quadril , Ácido Tranexâmico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
8.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 29(1): e41-e50, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796364

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Zimmer Modular Revision hip (ZMR) system is available in two stem options, a porous-coated cylindrical (PCM) and a taper (TM) stem. Several concerns have been reported regarding modular implants. Specifically, because of early junctional fractures, the ZMR system was redesigned with a wider modular interface. As such, we designed a study assessing long-term ZMR survivorship and functional and radiographic outcomes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A search of our institutional research database was performed. A minimum 10-year follow-up was selected. The following two cohorts were created: PCM and TM stems. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed, and causes of stem failure requiring revision surgery were collected. Functional outcomes as per the Harris Hip Score and radiographic stem stability were assessed as per the Engh classification. RESULTS: A total of 146 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were available for follow-up (PCM = 68, TM = 78). The mean follow-up was 13.4 years clinically and 11.1 years radiographically for the PCM cohort. Similarly, the TM cohort had a follow-up of 11.1 years clinically and 10.5 years radiographically. The Kaplan-Meier survivorships were 87.1% and 87.8% at 15 years for the PCM and TM cohorts, respectively. The most common cause of failure requiring revision surgery overall was aseptic loosening (PCM = 1.4%, TM = 5.6%). The mean postoperative Harris Hip Score was as follows: PCM = 71.2 and TM = 64.7. Engh type I or II stem ingrowth was as follows: PCM = 85% and TM = 68%. DISCUSSION: Good survivorship using the ZMR stem system can be expected at up to 15 years. Aseptic loosening remains the most commonly encountered problem for both PCM and TM stems. Previously identified modular junctional weakness seem to have been addressed.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Sobrevivência , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Arthroplasty ; 36(1): 345-348, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Constrained acetabular liners (CALs) are used in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty in cases where stability and abductor deficiency are of concern. The efficacy of CALs has been shown to be design dependent. There is clear evidence that the use of small head sizes and shorter offset in unconstrained total hip arthroplasty is associated with higher rates of dislocation. To our knowledge, no such study has assessed the effect of femoral head size, neck length, and offset for CALs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study assessing the outcomes of CALs with minimum 2-year follow-up. A Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis was conducted for all patients and for patients revised for instability. A binomial regression analysis was performed to assess for variables significantly associated with CAL failure. RESULTS: A total of 285 CALs in 281 patients were identified with a mean follow-up of 5.7 years. Ten-year Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were as follows: all indication 91.9% vs instability 85.5% (P = .15). Increasing neck length was associated with lower rates of failure (odds ratio, 0.81; P = .042). Femoral head size, offset, and abductor reconstruction were not significantly associated with CAL failure. CONCLUSION: Larger head size has not been demonstrated to lead to lower failure in CALs. Increasing neck length was associated with lower failure rate. Surgeons should be cautious when attempting to ream to larger acetabular shell sizes for the purpose of using larger heads with CALs. Increasing neck length may instead be targeted intraoperatively.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Luxação do Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Luxação do Quadril/epidemiologia , Luxação do Quadril/etiologia , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(12): 2101-2107, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040197

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is a commonly prescribed medication, especially in the age group of individuals who undergo elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). Preoperative discontinuation of aspirin is believed to reduce intraoperative bleeding and other complications, but it may increase the risk of perioperative cardiovascular events. In this study we have sought to evaluate the safety of continuous aspirin treatment in patients undergoing elective THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive cohort who underwent elective THA in a tertiary medical center between 2011 and 2018. The cohort was divided into two groups-one that received continuous preoperative aspirin treatment and one that did not. Blood loss, peri- and postoperative complications, readmissions, and short- and long-term mortality were compared between groups. RESULTS: Out of 757 consecutive patients (293 males, 464 females) who underwent elective primary THA, 552 were in the "non-aspirin" group and 205 were in the "aspirin" group and were not treated preoperative with other medication affecting hemostasis. Perioperative continuation of aspirin treatment did not significantly increase perioperative bleeding, as indicated by changes in hemoglobin levels (P = 0.72). There were no significant differences in short- and long-term mortality (P = 0.47 and P = 0.4, respectively) or other perioperative complications, such as readmission (P = 0.78), deep or superficial infection (P = 1 and P = 0.47, respectively), and cardiovascular events (none in both groups). CONCLUSION: Peri-operative continuation of aspirin treatment in patients undergoing elective primary THA did not increase perioperative complications or mortality compared to the non-aspirin-treated patients. The protective effects of aspirin from postoperative thrombotic and cardiovascular events are well documented. The current findings dispute the need to preoperatively withhold aspirin treatment in patients undergoing elective primary THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Desprescrições , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
11.
Int Orthop ; 44(10): 1951-1956, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of surgeon experience on accuracy of digital pre-operative planning for total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains unclear. The aims of our study were to compare pre-operative planning accuracy between fellow-trained orthopaedic surgeons and residents and to explore whether surgery indication effects the prediction accuracy. METHODS: We prospectively reviewed 101 patients who underwent pre-operative digital templating for THA in our center from January 2019 to January 2020 with King Mark device. Extracted data included baseline characteristics and indication for primary arthroplasty. Pre-operative digital templating was performed separately by both a fellow-trained surgeon and a resident. Accuracy of each group was compared with the implanted components. RESULTS: The overall adequate pre-operative planning of the acetabular cup (exact or +/-1 size match) by the fellow-trained group was higher compared with the resident's group (77.2 and 64.3% respectively, p = 0.037), whereas the overall adequate pre-operative planning of the femoral stem (exact or +/-1 size match) was higher in the resident's group compared with the fellow-trained group (83.2 and 61.4% respectively, p < =0.001). The fellow-trained group showed better pre-operative planning of complex cases (developmental dysplasia of the hip and avascular necrosis of femoral head) than the resident's group. CONCLUSIONS: The experience of the planner does not significantly affect the accuracy of correctly predicting component sizes. However, in complex cases, fellow-trained surgeons should assist residents in digital pre-operative templating for THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Cirurgiões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
12.
JBJS Rev ; 8(6): e0146, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487976

RESUMO

Post-polio syndrome is characterized by a late functional deterioration (usually after >=15 years from the initial infection) in patients with a history of paralytic poliomyelitis infection, and it is defined by the March of Dimes criteria. Patients with post-polio syndrome are at increased risk for falls and associated hip and femoral fractures as a result of lower bone mineral density, decreased lean muscle mass, and musculoskeletal deformities. Current evidence suggests that treatment modalities for femoral fractures should emphasize fixation that allows early progressive weight-bearing and ambulation to optimize functional outcomes. Good results after hip arthroplasty have been described with both cemented and uncemented implants in patients who have been treated for osteoarthritis, but there has been little evidence guiding hip fracture management. Anatomic challenges that are encountered are osteoporotic bone, a valgus neck-shaft angle, increased femoral anteversion, and a small femoral canal diameter. Intramedullary nailing of hip and femoral fractures can be challenging due to the small femoral canal diameter that frequently is encountered. Alternative methods of fixation have shown promising results. These include the use of sliding hip screws for hip fracture management and fixed-angle locking plates for hip and femoral fracture management.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Síndrome Pós-Poliomielite/complicações , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Humanos
13.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(6): 777-783, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372239

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patellar dislocation is a serious complication leading to patient morbidity following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The cause can be multifactorial. Extensor mechanism imbalance may be present and result from technical errors such as malrotation of the implants. We sought to understand the reasons for post-arthroplasty patellar dislocation and the clinical outcomes of patients in whom it occurs. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study assessing the outcomes of revision surgery for patellar dislocation in patients with component malrotation in both primary and revision TKAs. Patient demographics, dislocation etiology, presurgical deformity, intraoperation component position, complications, reoperation, and Knee Society Scores (KSS) were collected. RESULTS: Twenty patients (21 knees) were identified. The average time from primary arthroplasty to onset of dislocation was 33.6 months (SD 44.4), and the average time from dislocation to revision was 3.38 months (SD 2.81). Seventeen knees (80.9%) had internal rotation of the tibial component and seven knees (33.3%) had combined internal rotation of both the femoral and tibial components. Fifteen knees (71.4%) were treated with a condylar constrained implant at the time of revision, and five knees were converted to a hinged prosthesis. The average follow-up time was 56 months. During this time, one patient (4.54%) had a recurrent dislocation episode, requiring further surgery. At final follow up, the mean KSS was 86.2. CONCLUSION: Revision TKA following patellar dislocation for patients with malrotated components was associated with high success rates. After revision surgery, patients had a low recurrence of patellar dislocation, low complication rates, and excellent functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Can J Surg ; 63(3): E202-E207, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356947

RESUMO

Background: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) results from an abnormality in lamellar bone formation and most frequently involves the proximal femur. This can lead to the development of osteoarthritis requiring total hip arthroplasty (THA). Such cases are challenging, and there is a lack of information guiding best management. As such, we devised a study assessing the outcomes and complications in patients with FD undergoing THA with modern implant technology, and we outlined our preferred surgical technique. Methods: A search of our institutional arthroplasty database was performed to identify patients who underwent THA for FD between January 2001 and July 2018 at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Canada. Data regarding implants used and the use of allograft material or metal augments or both were obtained. Complications and revision requirements were noted. Radiographic and clinical leg length discrepancies were assessed. Results: A total of 10 hips in 9 patients who underwent THA for FD were identified. Mean follow-up time was 6.0 years (range 0.5 to 10.3 yr). The majority of patients underwent THA using uncemented femoral and acetabular components with large femoral heads on highly cross-linked polyethylene liners. Most cases (80% of hips) required allograft to the proximal femur. A single complication requiring revision was noted. In 90% of hip surgeries, the patient required transfusion of packed red blood cells. Mean radiographic and clinical leg length discrepancies were 0.9 cm (range -2.4 to 2.4 cm) and 0.9 cm (range -4 to 0 cm), respectively. Conclusion: Contrary to previous reports, low complication and revision rates were observed with cementless components and routine use of allograft material. The challenging nature of such cases warrants use of an experienced arthroplasty treatment team.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Previsões , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Radiografia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Arthroplasty ; 35(8): 2072-2075, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of using thicker liners in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on functional outcomes and aseptic failure rates remains largely unknown. As such, we devised a multicenter study to assess both the clinical outcomes and survivorship of thick vs thin liners after primary TKA. METHODS: A search of our institutional databases was performed for patients having undergone bilateral (simultaneous or staged) primary TKA with similar preoperative and surgical characteristics between both sides. Two cohorts were created: thick liners and thin liners. Outcomes collected were as follows: change in Knee Society Score (ΔKSS), change in range of motion, and aseptic revision. Ad hoc power analysis was performed for ΔKSS (⍺ = 0.05; power = 80%). Differences between cohorts were assessed. RESULTS: About 195 TKAs were identified for each cohort. ΔKSS and change in range of motion in the thin vs thick cohorts were similar: 51.4 vs 51.6 (P = .86) and 11.1° vs 10.0° (P = .66), respectively. No difference in aseptic revision rates were observed between thin and thick cohorts: all cause (4.1%, 3.1%; P = .59), aseptic loosening (0.5%, 0.5%; P = 1.0), instability (0.5%, 0.5%; P = 1.0), all-cause revision for stiffness (3.1%, 2.1%; P = .52), manipulation under anesthesia (2.1%, 2.1%; P = 1.0), and liner exchange (0.5%, 0%; P = .32). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that both rates of revision surgery and clinical outcomes are similar for TKAs performed with thick and thin liners. Preoperative factors are likely to play an important role in liner thickness selection, and emphasis should be placed on ensuring sound surgical technique.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Polietileno , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1087-1092, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474144

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of transferring patients to a specialized arthroplasty centre between the first and second stages (interstage) of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A search of our institutional database was performed to identify patients having undergone two-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for PJI. Two cohorts were created: continuous care (CC) and transferred care (TC). Baseline characteristics and outcomes were collected and compared between cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 137 patients were identified: 105 in the CC cohort (56 men, 49 women; mean age 67.9) and 32 in the TC cohort (17 men, 15 women; mean age 67.8 years). PJI organism virulence was greater in the CC cohort (36.2% vs 15.6%; p = 0.030). TC patients had a higher rate of persisting or recurrent infection (53.6% vs 13.4%; p < 0.001), soft-tissue complications (31.3 vs 14.3%; p = 0.030), and reduced requirement for porous metal augments (78.1% vs 94.3%; p = 0.006). Repeat first stage debridement after transfer led to greater need for plastic surgical procedures (58.3% vs 0.0%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patient transfer during the interstage of treatment for infected TKA leads to poorer outcomes compared with patients receiving all their treatment at a specialized arthroplasty centre. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1087-1092.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Especializados/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Arthroplasty ; 34(9): 2107-2110, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dislocation of dynamic antibiotic hip spacers during the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection is a well-described complication. Unfortunately, the repercussions of such events after reimplantation of the definitive prosthesis remain largely unknown. As such, we devised a study comparing the perioperative and postoperative outcomes of patients having undergone reimplantation with and without spacer dislocation. METHODS: A search of our institutional database was performed. Two retrospective cohorts were created: dislocated and nondislocated hip spacers. The radiographic and clinical outcomes for each cohort were collected. RESULTS: The two retrospective cohorts contained 24 patients for the dislocated group and 66 for the nondislocated group. Continuous variables noted to be significantly different between the dislocated and nondislocated groups were as follows: clinical leg-length discrepancy (1.35 cm vs 0.41 cm, P = .027), acetabular center of rotation (1.34 cm vs 0.60 cm, P = .011), total packed red blood cell transfusions (4.05 vs 2.37, P = .019), operative time (177.4 min vs 147.3 min, P = .002), and hospital length of stay (7.79 days vs 5.89 days, P = .018). Categorical variables noted to be significantly different were requirement for complex acetabular reconstruction (58.3% vs 13.7%, P < .001), requirement of constrained liners (62.5% vs 37.3%, P = .040), and dislocation after second stage (20.8% vs 6.1%, P = .039). CONCLUSION: Dislocation of dynamic hip spacers leads to inferior clinical results and perioperative outcomes after reimplantation of the definitive prosthesis. Additionally, complex acetabular reconstruction is often required. As such, every effort should be made to prevent hip spacer dislocation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Luxação do Quadril/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Feminino , Luxação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ; 65: 87-91, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional scores and radiographs are often used to assess function and predict development of osteoarthritis in patients with multi-fragmentary tibial plateau fractures (TPFs). Locomotion, which is the primary goal of fracture treatment, is rarely assessed. The objective of this study was to assess functional ability of patients after TPF fixation using spatio-temporal gait analysis (STGA), and to compare STGA variables with self-reported functional scores and preoperative fracture characteristics. METHODS: Preoperative CT scans of 21 patients with complete articular multi-fragmentary TPFs were evaluated for number of fragments, maximum gap between the fragments and maximum articular depression. All patients underwent STGA (velocity, cadence, step length of the affected and the unaffected leg, single-limb support by the affected and the unaffected leg, and double-leg support) and filled the Knee Society Score and the Short Form-12 questionnaires on average 3 years (SD = 1.56, range, 2-5.8) post-injury. FINDINGS: Step length and single-limb support time of the affected leg were shorter compared to the unaffected leg (p = 0.02 and p = 0.007, respectively). Number of fracture fragments correlated with cadence (R = -0.461, p = 0.04) and velocity (R = -0.447, p = 0.04). INTERPRETATION: Given that both higher fracture comminution and deformity on the one hand and the above gait parameter alterations on the other hand are associated with knee osteoarthritis, STGA may be used for routine postoperative evaluation of patients after TPF fixation.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Marcha/fisiologia , Fraturas da Tíbia , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fraturas da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Orthopedics ; 41(4): e516-e522, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29738596

RESUMO

The Mayo metaphysical conservative femoral stem (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana) is a wedge-shaped implant designed to transfer loads proximally, reduce femoral destruction, and enable the preservation of bone stock in the proximal femur. Thus, it is a potentially preferred prosthesis for active, non-elderly patients who may require additional future surgeries. This retrospective case study analyzed the outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent total hip replacements with this stem between May 2001 and February 2013. All patients underwent clinical assessment, radiological evaluation for the presence and development of radiolucent lines, and functional assessment (numerical analog scale, Harris hip score, and Short Form-12 questionnaire). Ninety-five hips (79 patients) were available for analysis. The patients' mean age was 43 years (range, 18-64 years), and the mean follow-up was 97 months (range, 26.9-166 months). The postoperative clinical assessments and functional assessments revealed significant improvements. Sixteen patients (20.3%) had 18 orthopedic complications, the most common of which were an intraoperative femoral fracture and implant dislocation requiring revision surgeries in 10 hips (10.5%). Radiological analysis revealed evidence of femoral remodeling in 64 (67.4%) implants, spot welds (neocortex) in 35 (36.8%), and osteolysis in 3 (3.2%). These results suggest that the conservative hip femoral implant has an unacceptable complication rate for non-elderly patients. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(4):e516-e522.].


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fêmur/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Osteólise/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteólise/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteólise/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Radiografia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 18(6): 937-942, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29512305

RESUMO

AIM: Older patients with proximal femoral fractures often undergo preoperative tests due to coexisting morbidities. Our aim was to evaluate these tests and their impact on patient outcome and medical expenses. METHODS: This retrospective study includes data on head computed tomography, carotid ultrasound, echocardiography and pulmonary functional tests calculated according to the type of surgery (osteosynthesis or hip arthroplasty) carried out on 2798 patients. Time-to-surgery, test repeated postoperatively, American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status score, additional procedures, hospitalization time, 30-day mortality and associated medical expenses were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 921 preoperative tests were carried out in 780 (28%) patients, and 375 postoperative tests were carried out in 329 (12%) patients (P < 0.001). A total of 23 procedures were carried out after surgery, none related to the originally carried out tests. Significant group differences were found for American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status score, days to surgery, hospitalization time (days) and mortality rates. The medical expenses of these tests were 1.3% of the average income per case, and 0.6% of the average study group income. CONCLUSIONS: Non-routine preoperative tests prolong time-to-surgery, increased hospitalization time and contribute to 30-day mortality. No postoperative procedure was related to preoperative test findings. The financial cost for these tests does not burden the medical expenses per procedure. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 937-942.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/economia , Idoso , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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