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Med Clin North Am ; 104(1): 95-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757240


Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and approximately 7.5% of adults in the United States. Asthma is characterized by inflammation of the airways, variable airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The diagnosis of asthma is a clinical one with the history and physical examination being significant, but objective measures, such as pulmonary function testing, can be used to aid in the diagnosis. There are multiple associated comorbidities with asthma, including rhinitis, sinusitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and depression. There is often an allergic component of asthma, and patient education is vital.

Asma/epidemiologia , Adulto , Asma/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Rinite/epidemiologia , Sinusite/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Clin Immunol ; 112(1): 106-12, 2004 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15207787


Partial DiGeorge syndrome (pDGS) is an inherited primary immunodeficiency syndrome (incidence, 1:3000 live births) primarily affecting cellular immune function; partial, infers thymic hypoplasia with detectable circulating T-lymphocytes and adequate function. No guidelines exist regarding the recommendations for use of live viral vaccines (LVVs) in this extensive population of pediatric patients. We reviewed the experience with live viral vaccines in our cohort of patients with pDGS. Of 53 patients, 25 (47%) had received a live viral vaccine. No significant adverse events were recorded in association with administration of live viral vaccines. There was no statistically significant difference between cellular immune function at initial presentation between those patients that received live viral vaccines and those that did not. Adequate cellular immune function was documented for 15 of the 25 LVV recipients at the time of vaccine administration without significant change from baseline. These observations suggest that live viral vaccines appear safe in patients with pDGS and stable immune function.

Síndrome de DiGeorge/imunologia , Imunização/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Síndrome de DiGeorge/virologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Linfócitos T/virologia , Vacinas Virais/efeitos adversos