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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633940

RESUMO

The V-VI binary chalcogenide, Sb2Se3, has attracted considerable attention for its applications in thin film optoelectronic devices because of its unique 1D structure and remarkable optoelectronic properties. Herein, we report an Sb2Se3 thin film epitaxially grown on a flexible mica substrate through a relatively weak (van der Waals) interaction by vapor transport deposition. The epitaxial Sb2Se3 thin films exhibit a single (120) out-of-plane orientation and a 0.25° full width at half-maximum of (120) rocking curve in X-ray diffraction, confirming the high crystallinity of the epitaxial films. The Sb2Se3(120) plane is epitaxially aligned on mica(001) surface with the in-plane relationship of Sb2Se3[2̅10]//mica[010] and Sb2Se3[001]//mica[100]. Compared to the photodetector made of a nonepitaxial Sb2Se3 film, the photocurrent of the epitaxial Sb2Se3 film photodetector is almost doubled. Furthermore, because of the flexibility and high sensitivity of the epitaxial Sb2Se3 film photodetector on mica, it has been successfully employed to detect the heart rate of a person. These encouraging results will facilitate the development of epitaxial Sb2Se3 film-based devices and potential applications in wearable electronics.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 29(44): 445702, 2018 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124437

RESUMO

In this work, we show that remote heteroepitaxy can be achieved when Cu thin film is grown on single crystal, monolayer graphene buffered sapphire(0001) substrate via a thermal evaporation process. X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction data show that the epitaxy process forms a prevailing Cu crystal domain, which is remotely registered in-plane to the sapphire crystal lattice below the monolayer graphene, with the (111) out-of-plane orientation. As a poor metal with zero density of states at its Fermi level, monolayer graphene cannot totally screen out the stronger charge transfer/metallic interactions between Cu and substrate atoms. The primary Cu domain thus has good crystal quality as manifested by a narrow crystal misorientation distribution. On the other hand, we show that graphene interface imperfections, such as bilayers/multilayers, wrinkles and interface contaminations, can effectively weaken the atomic interactions between Cu and sapphire. This results in a second Cu domain, which directly grows on and follows the graphene hexagonal lattice symmetry and orientation. Because of the weak van der Waals interaction between Cu and graphene, this domain has inferior crystal quality. The results are further confirmed using graphene buffered spinel(111) substrate, which indicates that this remote epitaxial behavior is not unique to the Cu/sapphire system.

3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 7054, 2018 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29728586

RESUMO

We experimentally demonstrated a narrowband acoustic phonon source with simultaneous tunabilities of the centre frequency and the spectral bandwidth in the GHz-sub THz frequency range based on photoacoustic excitation using intensity-modulated optical pulses. The centre frequency and bandwidth are tunable from 65 to 381 GHz and 17 to 73 GHz, respectively. The dispersion of the sound velocity and the attenuation of acoustic phonons in silicon dioxide (SiO2) and indium tin oxide (ITO) thin films were investigated using the acoustic phonon source. The sound velocities of SiO2 and ITO films were frequency-independent in the measured frequency range. On the other hand, the phonon attenuations of both of SiO2 and ITO films showed quadratic frequency dependences, and polycrystalline ITO showed several times larger attenuation than those in amorphous SiO2. In addition, the selective excitation of mechanical resonance modes was demonstrated in nanoscale tungsten (W) film using acoustic pulses with various centre frequencies and spectral widths.

4.
ACS Nano ; 12(6): 6100-6108, 2018 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29746775

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) nanostructures, including islands, sheets, and thin films, of high crystallinity were epitaxially grown on single-crystalline graphene through van der Waals interactions. Two types of graphene substrates grown by chemical vapor deposition were used, the as-grown graphene on Cu(111)/ c-sapphire and the transferred graphene on SiO2/Si. On the as-grown graphene, deposition of ultrathin Sb resulted in two growth modes and associated morphologies of Sb. One was Sb islands grown in Volmer-Weber (VW) mode, and the other was Sb sheets grown in Frank-van der Merve (FM) mode. In contrast, only Sb islands grown in VW mode were found in a parallel growth experiment on the transferred graphene. The existence of Sb sheets on the as-grown graphene was attributed to the remote epitaxy between Sb and Cu underneath the graphene. In addition, Sb thin films were grown on both the as-grown and transferred graphene substrates. Both films indicated high quality, and no significant difference can be found between these two films. This work unveiled two epitaxial alignments between Sb(0001) and graphene, namely, Sb [101̅0]∥graphene [10] for Sb islands and Sb [21̅1̅0]∥graphene [10] for Sb sheets. For Sb thin films on graphene, the epitaxial alignment followed that of Sb islands, implying that Sb thin films originated from the continued growth of Sb islands. Last, Raman spectroscopy was used to probe the state of graphene under ultrathin Sb. No strain, doping, or disorder was found in the graphene postgrowth of Sb. The knowledge of the interface formation between ultrathin Sb and graphene provides a valuable foundation for future research on van der Waals heterostructures between antimonene and graphene.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(7): 6730-6736, 2018 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29368515

RESUMO

Graphene has been broadcasted as a promising choice of electrode and substrate for flexible electronics. To be truly useful in this regime, graphene has to prove its capability in ordering the growth of overlayers at an atomic scale, commonly known as epitaxy. Meanwhile, graphene as a diffusion barrier against atoms and ions has been shown in some metal-graphene-dielectric configurations for integrated circuits. Guided by these two points, this work explores a new direction of using graphene as a bifunctional material in an electrochemical metallization memory, where graphene is shown to (i) order the growth of a low-ionicity semiconductor ZnS single-crystalline film and (ii) regulate the ion migration in the resistive switching device made of Cu/ZnS/graphene/Cu structures. The ZnS film is confirmed to be van der Waals epitaxially grown on single-crystal graphene with X-ray structural analysis and Raman spectroscopy. Charge transport studies with controlled kinetic parameters reveal superior ion regulating characteristic of graphene in this ZnS-based resistive switching device. The demonstration of the first graphene-directed epitaxial wide band gap semiconductor resistive switching suggests a possible and promising route toward flexible memristors.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(27): 23081-23091, 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28621924

RESUMO

The symmetry of graphene is usually determined by a low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) method when the graphene is on the conductive substrates, but LEED cannot handle graphene transferred to SiO2/Si substrates due to the charging effect. While transmission electron microscopy can generate electron diffraction on post-transferred graphene, this method is too localized. Herein, we employed an azimuthal reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) method to construct the reciprocal space mapping and determine the symmetry of wafer-size graphene both pre- and post-transfer. In this work, single-crystalline Cu(111) films were prepared on sapphire(0001) and spinel(111) substrates with sputtering. Then the graphene was epitaxially grown on single-crystalline Cu(111) films with a low pressure chemical vapor deposition. The reciprocal space mapping using azimuthal RHEED confirmed that the graphene grown on Cu(111) films was single-crystalline, no matter the form of the monolayer or multilayer structure. While the Cu(111) film grown on sapphire(0001) may occasionally consist of 60° in-plane rotational twinning, the reciprocal space mapping revealed that the in-plane orientation of graphene grown atop was not affected. The proposed method for checking the crystalline integrity of the post-transferred graphene sheets is an important step in the realization of the graphene as a platform to fabricate electronic and optoelectronic devices.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 111(24): 8712-6, 2014 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24889627

RESUMO

We present a combined first-principles and experimental study of the electrical resistivity in aluminum and copper samples under pressures up to 2 GPa. The calculations are based on first-principles density functional perturbation theory, whereas the experimental setup uses a solid media piston-cylinder apparatus at room temperature. We find that upon pressurizing each metal, the phonon spectra are blue-shifted and the net electron-phonon interaction is suppressed relative to the unstrained crystal. This reduction in electron-phonon scattering results in a decrease in the electrical resistivity under pressure, which is more pronounced for aluminum than for copper. We show that density functional perturbation theory can be used to accurately predict the pressure response of the electrical resistivity in these metals. This work demonstrates how the phonon spectra in metals can be engineered through pressure to achieve more attractive electrical properties.

8.
Sci Rep ; 3: 3282, 2013 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24257504

RESUMO

We report here the field emission studies of a layered WS2-RGO composite at the base pressure of ~1 × 10(-8) mbar. The turn on field required to draw a field emission current density of 1 µA/cm(2) is found to be 3.5, 2.3 and 2 V/µm for WS2, RGO and the WS2-RGO composite respectively. The enhanced field emission behavior observed for the WS2-RGO nanocomposite is attributed to a high field enhancement factor of 2978, which is associated with the surface protrusions of the single-to-few layer thick sheets of the nanocomposite. The highest current density of ~800 µA/cm(2) is drawn at an applied field of 4.1 V/µm from a few layers of the WS2-RGO nanocomposite. Furthermore, first-principles density functional calculations suggest that the enhanced field emission may also be due to an overalp of the electronic structures of WS2 and RGO, where graphene-like states are dumped in the region of the WS2 fundamental gap.

9.
ACS Nano ; 5(2): 1003-11, 2011 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21229968

RESUMO

We present fabrication and characterization of macroscopic thin films of graphene flakes, which are functionalized with 1-pyrenecarboxylic acid (PCA) and are laminated onto flexible and transparent polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes. The noncovalently (π-stacked) functionalization of PCA allows us to obtain a number of unique optical and molecular sensing properties that are absent in pristine graphene films, without sacrificing the conducting nature of graphene. The flexible PCA-graphene-PDMS hybrid structure can block 70-95% of ultraviolet (UV) light, while allowing 65% or higher transmittance in the visible region, rendering them potentially useful for a number of flexible UV absorbing/filtering applications. In addition, the electrical resistance of these structures is found to be sensitive to the illumination of visible light, atmospheric pressure change, and the presence of different types of molecular analytes. Owing to their multifunctionality, these hybrid structures have immense potential for the development of versatile, low-cost, flexible, and portable electronic and optoelectronic devices for diverse applications.

10.
Nano Lett ; 10(11): 4295-301, 2010 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20557029

RESUMO

We present a scalable and facile technique for noncovalent functionalization of graphene with 1-pyrenecarboxylic acid that exfoliates single-, few-, and multilayered graphene flakes into stable aqueous dispersions. The exfoliation mechanism is established using stringent control experiments and detailed characterization steps. Using the exfoliated graphene, we demonstrate highly sensitive and selective conductometric sensors (whose resistance rapidly changes >10,000% in saturated ethanol vapor), and ultracapacitors with extremely high specific capacitance (∼ 120 F/g), power density (∼ 105 kW/kg), and energy density (∼ 9.2 Wh/kg).


Assuntos
Coloides/química , Cristalização/métodos , Grafite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Água/química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Teste de Materiais , Conformação Molecular , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
ACS Nano ; 3(9): 2818-26, 2009 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19725514

RESUMO

We present the fabrication and characterization of nanoscale electrical interconnect test structures constructed from aligned single-wall carbon nanotubes using a template-based fluidic assembly process. This CMOS-friendly process enables the formation of highly aligned parallel nanotube interconnect structures on SiO(2)/Si substrates of widths and lengths that are limited only by lithographical limits and, hence, can be easily integrated onto existing Si-based platforms. These structures can withstand current densities of approximately 10(7) A.cm(-2), comparable or better than copper at similar dimensions. Both the nanotube alignment and failure current density improve with decreasing structure width. In addition, we present a novel Pt nanocluster decoration method that drastically decreases the resistivity of the test structures. Ab initio density functional theory calculations indicate that the increase in conductivity of the nanotubes is caused by an increase in conduction channels close to their Fermi levels due to the platinum nanocluster decoration, with a possible conversion of the semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes into metallic ones. These results reflect a huge step toward the proposed replacement of copper-based interconnects with carbon nanotubes at gigascale integration levels.

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