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1.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983661

RESUMO

The gut bacterium Gordonibacter urolithinfaciens DSM 27213 metabolizes ellagic acid into three polyphenol compounds, namely, urolithin M5, urolithin M6, and urolithin C, which are collectively called urolithin. The key reactions of this metabolic pathway are the dehydroxylation of the phenolic hydroxy group, i.e., conversion of urolithin M5 to urolithin M6, and successive conversion of urolithin M6 to urolithin C. By testing the effects of various electron-transferring compounds on the dehydroxylation reactions, methylviologen was found to effectively support the dehydroxylation catalyzed by the cell free extracts. The urolithin dehydroxylating enzymes were found in the soluble fraction of the cell free extracts. The urolithin dehydroxylation was found to be coupled with reduction of dicationic methylviologen to a cation radical form catalyzed by enzymes with hydrogen as an electron donor, which was also found with the soluble fraction. Further investigation of the reaction in the presence of natural cofactors with or without methylviologen and hydrogen revealed the involvement of NADPH and FAD in the electron transportation systems of the urolithin dehydroxylation.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 413-419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In patients with lung cancer, there has been no study that treated 'distant metastases' as 'metastatic patterns'. This study aimed to evaluate if specific 'metastatic patterns' exist in lung cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from lung cancer patients between 2009 and 2018. Metastatic patterns were analyzed using cluster analysis in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma, those with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and those with squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC). RESULTS: In 313 patients (127 patients with EGFR mutation, 87 patients with SCLC, and 99 patients with SqCLC), metastatic patterns existed in each of the three subset groups, and metastatic patterns of these groups were statistically different. CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the metastatic patterns might be useful for clinical practice in the foreseeable future, as it enables a more efficient detection of metastatic disease through imaging, and a more effective treatment at predicted metastatic sites.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise por Conglomerados , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Probabilidade
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 421-426, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Distant organ metastases do not occur at random in lung cancer. A retrospective study was conducted in order to evaluate 1) what kinds of metastatic patterns exist in three different types of lung cancer, and 2) whether metastatic patterns affected prognosis in the different types of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from all consecutive patients with diagnosed lung cancer between April 2009 and October 2018 in our hospitals. Cluster analysis was performed to classify patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards model were used. RESULTS: Epidermal growth factor-mutated adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer, and squamous cell lung cancer had different 'metastatic patterns', survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors, respectively. CONCLUSION: There might be different metastatic patterns, survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors in each pathological and genetic type of lung cancer. It is worthwhile carrying out diagnostic imaging and treatment considering information on metastatic patterns.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 50: e39-e47, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669496

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Peak bone mass, an important determinant of osteoporosis risk, is reached during adolescence. We evaluated the impact of mother-child dyad dietary intervention using the transtheoretical model (TTM) on bone mineral density in Japanese female adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: The participants were dyads of female adolescents aged 15-16 years and their mothers (who are generally responsible for cooking). We enrolled 92 dyads, with 56 assigned to the intervention group and 36 to the control group. Bone mineral density was measured using quantitative ultrasound parameters (QUS). Nutrient intake and stage of behavioral change were collected via questionnaires. Evaluations were conducted at baseline and seven months later. The intervention group underwent the TTM-based dietary education program for six months. RESULTS: After the intervention program, the ratio of change of the quantitative ultrasound parameter-speed of sound (SOS)-was significantly higher in the intervention than the control group (p < 0.001). Finally, we demonstrated that the intervention was found to significantly affect post-test outcomes in terms of SOS according to the result of analysis of covariance (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intervention for female adolescents and their mothers using the TTM may enhance the bone mineral density in female adolescents. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: We suggest that dietary intervention for female adolescents and their mothers using the transtheoretical model may enhance the bone mineral density in female adolescents.

5.
Data Brief ; 26: 104497, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667260

RESUMO

The 3D lithological distribution model presented in this data article is related to "Stochastic modeling of 3-D compositional distribution in the crust with Bayesian inference and application to geoneutrino observation in Japan" by Takeuchi et al. (2019) [1]. Our target region is set to the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Japanese main islands and their vicinity. We discretized the target region into 79,968 grid points. We defined 31 rock types; 29 major crustal rock types, plus sediment and mantle. Our lithology model represents a probabilistic distribution map inferred from a seismic tomography model and allows quantitative studies with error estimations, making it fundamentally different from previous models. To enable such quantitative applications, we provide explicit numerical data for the probabilities of the 31 rock types for each grid point. We also provide explicit values of the bulk proportion lithology model at various depths and for the bulk whole crust. Further, a figure of synthetic gravity data is presented to correct a minor error in the related paper [1].

6.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 335, 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been several reports of spontaneous closure and reopening of a macular hole, however, in most of those cases, it was observed in eyes post vitrectomy. Here, we report a case of multiple episodes of spontaneous disappearance and recurrence of impending macular hole (stage 1B macular hole) with no history of previous surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old Japanese man presented with a primary complaint of reduced visual acuity in his right eye. On initial examination, the visual acuity in his right and left eye was 0.4 and 0.01, respectively. He had previously been diagnosed as having macular degeneration of unknown origin in his left eye. Optical coherence tomography imaging confirmed vitreomacular traction and impending macular hole in his right eye. After a 1-week follow-up period, posterior vitreous detachment was detected, and the impending macular hole appeared to be resolved. Two months later, the impending macular hole had completely disappeared and his visual acuity had improved to 0.9. Six months later, he again noticed decreased vision in his right eye. An examination revealed that his visual acuity had dropped to 0.4, and there was a recurrence of impending macular hole. An optical coherence tomography examination showed no definitive findings of vitreous traction, and, 1 month later, spontaneous disappearance was observed again and his visual acuity improved to 0.7. CONCLUSIONS: In this case, both the initial onset and the recurrence involved impending macular hole, however, the optical coherence tomography findings differed at each examination. These findings suggest that some causes other than vitreous traction were responsible for both the spontaneous disappearance and recurrence of the impending macular hole in this present case.

8.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1369-1372, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify, using logistic analysis, the factors associated with distant metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer patients carrying mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis up to their death and during the period from April 2009 to March 2019, were included in this study. Clinical charts and imaging studies were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 64 patients during the research period. The factors associated with pleural metastasis were "female" and "no bone metastasis". The factor associated with brain metastasis was "lung metastasis". The factors associated with liver metastasis were "age under 70" and "Exon 19 deletion". CONCLUSION: Knowing the factors associated with distant metastasis will provide useful information to conduct targeted and efficient imaging studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
9.
Nutr Res Pract ; 13(1): 41-46, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30788055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Taste perception is influenced by both nutritional factors and psychological factors. This study was undertaken to measure the 4 basic taste perceptions, nutrient intake, and mental health, and to examine the factors that affect insensitive taste perception in young Japanese women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Young women in their late teens and twenties were enrolled as subjects. Taste perception was measured by applying the filter-paper disc method over areas of the chorda tympani nerve. Nutritional status was evaluated using brief, self-administered diet history questionnaires. The index of nutritional status was based on the 2015 Japanese dietary reference intakes. Mental health was assessed using the Japanese translation of the Profile of Mood States short version. This study was approved by the ethical committee at Osaka University. RESULTS: The normal taste perception group (four basic tastes [sweet, salty, sour, and bitter] identified as normal taste perception) comprised 55.4% of the subjects, while the abnormal taste perception group (more than 1 abnormal taste perception was perceived, regardless of flavor) comprised 44.6% of the subjects. There were no significant differences in nutrient intake (except manganese) and mental health between the normal and abnormal taste perception groups. Subjects who took 5 mg to less than 7.1 mg zinc per day were at significantly decreased risk of insensitive taste perception compared to subjects who consumed less than 5 mg zinc per day [Regression coefficient 0.831, 95% confidence interval 0.694-0.996]. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that insensitive taste perception could be associated with zinc deficiency in young women in their late teens and twenties.

10.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 26: 31-34, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510895

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida, which colonizes upper respiratory and digestive tracts, is a leading cause of respiratory diseases in many host species. Here, we describe a case of P. multocida pneumonia with hemoptysis. A 72-year-old female diagnosed with bronchiectasis with a 36-year history presented with a worsened infiltrative and granular shadow in the lower right lobe and lingular segment. Bronchial lavage fluid culturing suggested Pasteurella pneumonia. P. multocida was confirmed by 16S rRNA sequencing. The patient was readmitted to our hospital because of hemoptysis, and she was treated successfully with antibiotic therapy. The possibility of P. multocida infection must be considered in patients who own pets.

11.
Case Rep Oncol ; 11(3): 622-632, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323752

RESUMO

Background: Sensitive-relapsed small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is thought to be sensitive to chemotherapy; therefore, second-line chemotherapy is recommended. Although platinum rechallenge is performed in the second-line chemotherapy for sensitive-relapsed SCLC, it remains unclear whether such a strategy is effective. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of rechallenge chemotherapy for sensitive-relapsed SCLC. The endpoints of this study were progression-free survival from the time of relapse (PFS-Re) and overall survival from the time of relapse (OS-Re). We also compared the toxicity profile of rechallenge chemotherapy to that of first-line chemotherapy. Results: Of the 133 SCLC patients who received first-line treatment, 20 patients satisfied the definition of sensitive relapse and received rechallenge chemotherapy. Combined carboplatin and etoposide was the most commonly used rechallenge regimen, and 17 (85%) received it at a reduced dose due to hematological toxicity during the first-line treatment. Median PFS-Re and OS-Re were 4.5 months (95% CI: 3.5-5.4) and 10.5 months (95% CI: 7.9-13.0), respectively. There was no association between dose adjustment and survival. The frequency of hematologic toxicity tended to be lower with rechallenge than first-line treatment. The incidence of grade 3 febrile neutropenia decreased from 40% in first-line treatment to 15% in rechallenge. Conclusion: Platinum rechallenge could be a useful second-line option for sensitive-relapsed SCLC, having favorable efficacy and safety. Dose adjustment at rechallenge based on the toxicity profile during the first-line chemotherapy could reduce toxicity without weakening efficacy.

12.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 8(1): 137-140, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29387406

RESUMO

Lung and colon cancers are two of the most common malignancies, which, in some cases, may develop synchronously. In the present study, the treatment and outcome of patients with synchronous lung and colon cancers were reviewed. During a 76-month study period, from April 2009 up to July 2016, 17 (0.54%) of 3,102 patients with lung cancer were diagnosed with colon cancer within 1 month. Heavy smoking and obesity were not specific factors in these patients. A total of 9 patients succumbed to lung cancer during the study period. Survival in asymptomatic patients was longer compared with that in symptomatic patients (median survival, 80 vs. 23.2 months, respectively; P=0.007). Although the incidence of synchronous occurrence of these two cancers may be low, particularly in patients diagnosed incidentally, such patients should be treated accordingly. Future genetic and epidemiological studies are required to elucidate the potential connection between lung and colon cancer.

13.
Arerugi ; 67(1): 53-61, 2018.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29459526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of asthma control guidelines and anti-inflammatory drugs have significantly decreased the number of severe asthma cases including death from asthma. However, there are few prospective cohort studies among pediatric asthma patients in Japan describing the course of asthma symptoms with the treatment taken into consideration. METHOD: We recruited a total of 851 children diagnosed with asthma through 90 hospitals and clinics in 2004 to 2006. Questionnaires were posted annually to collect data on their asthma symptoms, treatment and environmental exposures. We analyzed the disease course in the first 5 years among the children who were registered at age 4 or younger. RESULTS: The disease course of a total of 641 children, aged 2.8+/-1.1 (mean+/-SD) at registration were analyzed. The proportion of children who had intermittent symptoms increased from 37.6% at registration to 86.5% at 5 years, and the proportion of children with intermittent severity increased from 7.0% to 38.9%, showing a significant decrease in the overall severity. The proportion of children using ß2 stimulants decreased from 87.8% at registration to 53.5% at 5 years, while the use of inhaled cortico-steroids were 41.6% at registration and 38.1% at 5 years. CONCLUSION: Most of the children with pre-school onset asthma had their symptoms controlled, and had decreased severity over 5 years.


Assuntos
Asma , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Japão , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Gen Fam Med ; 18(6): 418-421, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29264076

RESUMO

A 51-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having limited cutaneous systemic scleroderma, presented with pulmonary nodules incidentally detected in a chest radiograph. The patient had surgical biopsy of the nodules. In microscopic examination of the specimens, proliferation, mitotic activity, and cellular anaplasia of spindle cells were present. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography showed tumors in lungs as well as uterus. The diagnosis of the tumor was pulmonary metastases from uterine leiomyosarcoma. We should be on alert the possibility of developing malignant disease in patient with this autoimmune disease. If it is certain that there is metastasis, we believe that therapy for the primary lesion will be preceded by biopsy and surgery for the metastatic lesions.

17.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 7(1): 121-124, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28685088

RESUMO

Systemic inflammatory response, which represents the presence of cachexia, is observed often in patients with lung cancer. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the presence of a systemic inflammatory response in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients, a retrospective study using modified Glasgow prognostic Score (mGPS) was performed. This score is composed of serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels. All the patients with SCLC who were diagnosed in Tsukuba University Hospital, Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital and Mito Medical Center between April 1999 and July 2016 were included in this study. During the study period, 332 patients with SCLC were consecutively admitted to these hospitals. Among them, 54 (16.9%) had mGPS=1, and 73 (22.9%) had mGPS=2. Male sex, advanced stage, poor performance status and no chemotherapy were unfavorable prognostic factors in uni- and multivariate-analysis. In addition, the presence of a systemic inflammatory response was confirmed as an unfavorable prognostic factor. In patients with SCLC, an existing systemic inflammatory response adversely affected the outcome. The patient's extent of disease as well as medical conditions including systemic inflammatory response must be taken into consideration when deciding whether to offer a standard therapy that may increase treatment-associated mortality.

18.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 7(1): 131-134, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28685090

RESUMO

Comparative results of second- or later-line bevacizumab plus docetaxel and docetaxel alone for patients with NSCLC have never been reported. In order to evaluate the combined effect of bevacizumab and docetaxel as second- or later-line chemotherapy for NSCLC, a retrospective study was performed. Between November 2009 and April 2016, the medical records of all the patients <75 years old who were treated with docetaxel (60 mg/m2, day1, q3 or 4 weeks) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg, day 1, q3 or 4 weeks) as a second- or later-line chemotherapy were reviewed. Complete data sets were obtained from 15 patients treated with docetaxel plus bevacizumab, and 55 patients treated with docetaxel alone. The overall response rate to docetaxel plus bevacizumab therapy was 26.7, and 53.3% of these patients had stable disease (SD), amounting to a disease control rate of 80.0%. On the other hand, the overall response rate to docetaxel alone therapy was 9.1, and 38.2% of these patients had SD, amounting to a disease control rate of 47.3%. All the patients treated with docetaxel plus bevacizumab therapy had grade 3 or 4 'neutropenia' or 'febrile neutropenia', which developed in 100 and 26.7% of patients, respectively. The rates of these adverse events in patients treated with docetaxel alone were 63.6, and 10.9%, respectively. The mean progression free survival (PFS) in patients treated with docetaxel plus bevacizumab and that of patients with docetaxel alone was 5.9 and 2.1 months, respectively. There was a non-significant tendency towards a difference in survival between the two treatment groups (P=0.081, log-rank test). The possibility of improvement of response and prolongation of PFS in patients treated with second- or later line docetaxel and bevacizumab chemotherapy may be suggested in this study. However, the higher risk of febrile neutropenia must be noted for this combination of drugs.

19.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 6(6): 907-910, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28588788

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and lung cancer are two highly globally prevalent diseases. The current study aimed to determine the prognostic significance of DM comorbidity in patients with lung cancer. All patients diagnosed at Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital and Mito Medical Center, (University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan) between April 1999 and March 2012 were followed up to 2015 and were retrospectively analyzed. DM was defined as a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level ≥126 mg/dl, a non-FPG level ≥200 mg/dl, or a hemoglobin (Hb) A1c level ≥6.5%. Additionally, patients taking medication for diabetes and those with a history of using such medications were also classified as having DM. During the study period, 1,798 patients with lung cancer were diagnosed. Within this cohort, 338 (18.8%) were classed as having lung cancer and DM. In univariate and multivariate analyses, smoking status, poorer performance status, small cell lung cancer pathology, metastatic disease and supportive care were the only unfavorable prognostic factors (all P=0.001). Additionally, multivariate analysis revealed that existing DM was an unfavorable disease-modifying factor (P=0.03612). Therefore, DM comorbidity adversely affects lung cancer outcomes. To provide prolonged quality of survival, appropriate pre-evaluation of lung cancer, as well as the patient's medical condition, including DM, is required.

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