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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483658

RESUMO

Human-type lymphoid tissue organoids, which stably function in our body for a certain period of time or longer, may have a great potential as immune-stimulatory or immune-regulatory devices and could be utilized in the future for the treatment of various diseases such as cancer, severe infection, autoimmunity and congenital as well as acquired immunodeficiency resulting from severe infections or aging. In this review, we discuss about rationality and trials of the synthesis of immunologically functional lymphoid tissue organoids mainly in mouse. We have been recently trying to construct immunologically functioning human-type organoids, and the efforts are also briefly described.

2.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-12, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471324

RESUMO

The genes encoding chitin-degrading enzymes in Aeromonas salmonicida SWSY-1.411 were identified and cloned in Escherichia coli. The strain contained two glycoside hydrolase (GH) families 18 chitinases: AsChiA and AsChiB, two GH19 chitinases: AsChiC and AsChiD, and an auxiliary activities family 10 protein, lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase: AsLPMO10A. These enzymes were successfully expressed in E. coli and purified. AsChiB had the highest hydrolytic activity against insoluble chitin. AsChiD had the highest activity against water-soluble chitin. The peroxygenase activity of AsLPMO10A was lower compared to SmLPMO10A from Serratia marcescens. Synergism on powdered chitin degradation was observed when AsChiA and AsLPMO10A were combined with other chitinases of this strain. More than twice the increase of the synergistic effect was observed when powdered chitin was treated by a combination of AsLPMO10A with all chitinases. GH19 chitinases suppressed the hyphal growth of Trichoderma reesei.

3.
Pain Med ; 21(4): 814-821, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is the unexplained pain along the territory of the trigeminal nerve, including nonorganic tooth pain called atypical odontalgia (AO). Though PIFP is debilitating to patients' livelihood and well-being, its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. Although neurovascular compression (NVC) of the trigeminal nerve is known to be associated with trigeminal neuralgia (TN), the relationship between NVC and other orofacial pains has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the differences in the characteristics of PIFP (primarily AO) patients in the presence or absence of NVC. A retrospective analysis was performed on data from 121 consecutive patients who had been diagnosed with unilateral PIFP according to the criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-3 and underwent magnetic resonance imaging scans of the head. RESULTS: In the group without NVC, characteristic findings were significant for psychiatric morbidity, somatization, and pain disability, when compared with the group with NVC. Furthermore, the group without NVC exhibited significant headache, noncardiac chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain catastrophizing. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that PIFP patients can be divided into two groups: one consistent with a neuropathic pain phenotype when NVC is present and a functional somatic symptom phenotype when presenting without NVC. Our findings may enable a more precise understanding of pathophysiology of PIFP and lead to better treatment strategies.

4.
Lab Chip ; 20(4): 852-861, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984406

RESUMO

We report the development of a micro total analysis system (µTAS) based on electrochemical measurements and dielectrophoretic sorting for screening of NAD(P)-dependent oxidoreductases. In this system, the activity of enzymes immobilized on microbeads, together with their encoding DNA, can be measured with a boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode in each compartment (∼30 nL) of the microfluidic system. The 30 nL droplets containing microbead-displayed genes of enzymes with higher activity can then be recovered by dielectrophoretic sorting. Previously, we developed the NAD(P)H-measuring device containing the BDD electrode for high-throughput measurement of the activity of NAD(P)-dependent oxidoreductases. In this study, we fabricated an encapsulating device and a droplet-sorting device for nanoliter-size droplets, for the first time, and then combined these three devices to construct a µTAS for directed evolution of NAD(P)-dependent oxidoreductases. We confirmed that this system works by proof-of-principle experiments and successfully applied this system for screening of randomized libraries of NAD-dependent dehydrogenases.

5.
Biopolymers ; 111(1): e23339, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688961

RESUMO

Chitin-binding protein 21 (CBP21) from Serratia marcescens is a lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase that contains a copper ion as a cofactor. We aimed to elucidate the unfolding mechanism of CBP21 and the effects of Cu2+ on its structural stability at pH 5.0. Thermal unfolding of both apo- and holoCBP21 was reversible. ApoCBP21 unfolded in a simple two-state transition manner. The peak temperature of the DSC curve, tp , for holoCBP21 (74.4°C) was about nine degrees higher than that for apoCBP21 (65.6°C). The value of tp in the presence of excess Cu2+ was around 75°C, indicating that Cu2+ does not dissociate from the protein molecule during unfolding. The unfolding mechanism of holoCBP21 was considered to be as follows: N∙Cu2+ ⇌ U∙Cu2+ , where N and U represent the native and unfolded states, respectively. Urea-induced equilibrium unfolding analysis showed that holoCBP21 was stabilized by 35 kJ mol-1 in terms of the Gibbs energy change for unfolding (pH 5.0, 25°C), compared with apoCBP21. The increased stability of holoCBP21 was considered to result from the structural stabilization of the protein-Cu2+ complex itself.

6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(1): 36-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phantom bite syndrome (PBS) is characterised by occlusal discomfort without corresponding dental abnormalities. Despite repeated, failed dental treatments, patients with PBS persist in seeking bite correction. PBS has been regarded as a mental disorder. However, we have reported that PBS patients with a dental trigger tend to have less psychiatric history than those without. Hence, the symptoms of PBS cannot be explained by a mental disorder alone, and it is unclear if mental disorders affect occlusal sensation. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the pathophysiology of PBS, we analysed the dental history, PBS symptom laterality and psychiatric history of patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed outpatients with PBS who presented at our clinic between April 2012 and March 2017. Their medical records were reviewed for demographic data, medical history and laterality of occlusal discomfort. RESULTS: Approximately half of the 199 enrolled patients had bilateral occlusal discomfort. In the others, the side with occlusal discomfort generally tended to be the one that had received dental treatment. There was no significant relationship between the side chiefly affected by occlusal discomfort and whether dental treatment had been received; however, the affected side differed depending on whether the patient had comorbid psychiatric disorders (P = .041). CONCLUSIONS: The distributions of the side with symptoms of PBS were different between those with and without comorbid psychiatric disorders, suggesting that psychiatric disorders might affect occlusal sensation due to a subtle dysfunction in brain areas central to sensory integration. Central dysfunction might play an important role in PBS.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Transtorno Depressivo , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(27): 13533-13542, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196960

RESUMO

Liver ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major challenge in liver surgery. Diet restriction reduces liver damage by increasing stress resistance; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the preventive effect of 12-h fasting on mouse liver IRI. Partial warm hepatic IRI model in wild-type male C57BL/6 mice was used. The control ischemia and reperfusion (IR) group of mice was given food and water ad libitum, while the fasting IR group was given water but not food for 12 h before ischemic insult. In 12-h fasting mice, serum liver-derived enzyme level and tissue damages due to IR were strongly suppressed. Serum ß-hydroxybutyric acid (BHB) was significantly raised before ischemia and during reperfusion. Up-regulated BHB induced an increment in the expression of FOXO1 transcription factor by raising the level of acetylated histone. Antioxidative enzyme heme oxigenase 1 (HO-1), a target gene of FOXO1, then increased. Autophagy activity was also enhanced. Serum high-mobility group box 1 was remarkably lowered by the 12-h fasting, and activation of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome was suppressed. Consequently, inflammatory cytokine production and liver injury were reduced. Exogenous BHB administration or histone deacetylase inhibitor administration into the control fed mice ameliorated liver IRI, while FOXO1 inhibitor administration to the 12-h fasting group exacerbated liver IRI. The 12-h fasting exerted beneficial effects on the prevention of liver IRI by increasing BHB, thus up-regulating FOXO1 and HO-1, and by reducing the inflammatory responses and apoptotic cell death via the down-regulation of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome.


Assuntos
Ácido 3-Hidroxibutírico/uso terapêutico , Jejum , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/cirurgia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Regulação para Cima
8.
J Pain Res ; 12: 831-839, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881094

RESUMO

Objectives: There has been considerable research which has focused on clarifying the origin of pain in patients with atypical odontalgia (AO), also known as "idiopathic toothache", and on identifying effective treatment, but there has been limited success so far. In this study, we assessed the outcomes of treatment and attempted to identify factors that could account for pain remission in patients with AO. Patients and methods: Data for 165 patients diagnosed with AO from June 2015 to August 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' sex, age, duration of pain, and psychiatric history were collected, along with information on pain intensity, depressive status, and catastrophizing scores. Responses at 4 and 16 weeks from the start of treatment were observed. The associations between potentially associated factors and outcome were investigated using Bayesian model averaging. Results: A 30% reduction in pain was reported by 38 patients (46.3%) at 4 weeks and by 54 patients (65.9%) at 16 weeks. The pain intensity decreased as the depression and catastrophizing score improved; all of the changes were statistically significant (P<0.001). Four elements, that is, patient sex, depression score at baseline, pain score at 4 weeks, and change in the catastrophizing score, explained 52.5% of the variation in final outcome between individual patients. Conclusion: Our findings confirm the efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) as a treatment for AO and indicate that other medications, especially aripiprazole used in combination with a TCA, may be useful. A considerable number of patients, especially women, those with lower levels of depression at baseline, and those who responded to 4 weeks of treatment, achieved pain relief.

9.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(6): 677-685, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For rectal cancer, multimodality therapeutic approach is necessary to prevent local recurrence and distant metastasis. However, the efficacy of additional treatments, such as neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), and lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLND), has not been scrutinized. METHODS: Recurrence patterns were categorized into local recurrence and distant metastasis. Local recurrence was classified into two types: (1) pelvic cavity recurrence and (2) LPLN recurrence. First, we analyzed the risk factors for each recurrence pattern. Second, based on the status of clinically suspected involvement of circumferential resection margin (cCRM), the efficacy of additional treatments was investigated. RESULTS: A total of 240 patients was enrolled. nCRT was performed for 25 (10%), NAC was for 46 (19%), and LPLND was for 35 patients (15%). As the recurrence patterns, pelvic cavity recurrence occurred in 15 (6%), LPLN recurrence in 8 (3%), and distant metastasis in 42 patients (18%). Five-year overall survival and relapse-free survival were 87% and 70%, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that pelvic cavity recurrence was associated with cCRM status and tumor histology, that LPLN recurrence was with serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and LPLN swelling, and that distant metastasis was with clinical N category. In the cCRM-positive subgroup (n = 66), cumulative rate of pelvic cavity recurrence was lower in the nCRT group than in the NAC or non-NAC/nCRT group (P = 0.02 and 0.09, respectively). CONCLUSION: cCRM status was associated with pelvic cavity recurrence, and LPLN swelling was with LPLN recurrence. nCRT could reduce pelvic cavity recurrence in cCRM-positive subgroup.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Linfonodos/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/terapia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
10.
Biopsychosoc Med ; 13: 1, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733824

RESUMO

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS), a chronic intraoral burning sensation or dysesthesia without clinically evident causes, is one of the most common medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes. Even though the clinical features of BMS have been astonishingly common and consistent throughout the world for hundreds of years, BMS remains an enigma and has evolved to more intractable condition. In fact, there is a large and growing number of elderly BMS patients for whom the disease is accompanied by systemic diseases, in addition to aging physical change, which makes the diagnosis and treatment of BMS more difficult. Because the biggest barrier preventing us from finding the core pathophysiology and best therapy for BMS seems to be its heterogeneity, this syndrome remains challenging for clinicians. In this review, we discuss currently hopeful management strategies, including central neuromodulators (Tricyclic Antidepressants - TCAs, Serotonin, and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors - SNRIs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors - SSRIs, Clonazepam) and solutions for applying non-pharmacology approaches. Moreover, we also emphasize the important role of patient education and anxiety management to improve the patients' quality of life. A combination of optimized medication with a short-term supportive psychotherapeutic approach might be a useful solution.

11.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr ; 43(1): 133-144, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29870084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major problem associated with liver surgery. This study is aimed to compare the preventive effect of an antioxidative nutrient-rich enteral diet (Ao diet) with an ordinal enteral diet (control diet) against liver IRI. METHODS: The Ao diet was an ordinary diet comprising polyphenols (catechin and proanthocyanidin) and enhanced levels of vitamins C and E. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed the Ao or control diet for 7 days before ischemic insult for 60 minutes, followed by reperfusion for 6 hours. The levels of inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress were evaluated. RESULTS: After 7 days of pretreatment with the Ao diet, the serum levels of vitamins C and E in mice were markedly elevated. The levels of serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, as well as the scores of liver necrosis caused by ischemia and reperfusion, were significantly lower in the Ao diet group than in the control diet group. The gene expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, such as interleukin-6 and CXCL1, were significantly lower in the Ao diet group. In the liver, the levels of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and SOD2 were significantly higher and the malondialdehyde levels were significantly lower in the Ao diet group. Cell adhesion molecule expression was significantly lower, and neutrophil and macrophage infiltration was less in the Ao diet group. CONCLUSIONS: Antioxidative nutrient supplementation to an ordinary enteral diet may mitigate liver IRI by causing an antioxidant effect and suppressing inflammation.

12.
Geobiology ; 17(2): 113-126, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30378757

RESUMO

Lenticular, and commonly flanged, microfossils in 3.0-3.4 Ga sedimentary deposits in Western Australia and South Africa are unusually large (20-80 µm across), robust, and widespread in space and time. To gain insight into the ecology of these organisms, we performed simulations of fluid dynamics of virtual cells mimicking lenticular forms of variable sizes, oblateness, flange presence, and flange thickness. Results demonstrate that (a) the flange reduces sedimentation velocity, (b) this flange function works more effectively in larger cells, and (c) modest oblateness lowers sedimentation rate. These observations support interpretations that the lenticular microbes were planktonic-a lifestyle that could have been advantageous in an early Earth harsh environment including violent volcanic activities, repeated asteroid impacts, and relatively high UV-radiation. Although the robustness of these organisms could have provided additional protection on the early Earth, this architecture may have impeded a planktonic lifestyle by increasing cell density. However, our data suggest that this disadvantage could have been compensated by enlargement of cell volume, which could have enhanced the ability of the flange to slow sedimentation rate, especially if coupled with vacuolation. The results of this simulation study may help to explain the unique morphology and unusually large size of these Archean microfossils.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos/fisiologia , Planeta Terra , Fósseis , Plâncton/fisiologia , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrodinâmica , Traços de História de Vida , África do Sul , Austrália Ocidental
13.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208313, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586410

RESUMO

Oral administration of hydrogen water ameliorates Parkinson's disease (PD) in rats, mice, and humans. We previously reported that the number of putative hydrogen-producing bacteria in intestinal microbiota is low in PD compared to controls. We also reported that the amount of hydrogen produced by ingestion of lactulose is low in PD patients. The decreased hydrogen production by intestinal microbiota may be associated with the development and progression of PD. We measured the amount of hydrogen production using gas chromatography by seven bacterial strains, which represented seven major intestinal bacterial groups/genera/species. Blautia coccoides and Clostridium leptum produced the largest amount of hydrogen. Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis constituted the second group that produced hydrogen 34- to 93-fold lower than B. coccoides. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum and Atopobium parvulum constituted the third group that produced hydrogen 559- to 2164-fold lower than B. coccoides. Lactobacillus casei produced no detectable hydrogen. Assuming that taxonomically neighboring strains have similar hydrogen production, we simulated hydrogen production using intestinal microbiota that we previously reported, and found that PD patients produce a 2.2-fold lower amount of intestinal hydrogen compared to controls. The lower amount of intestinal hydrogen production in PD was also simulated in cohorts of two other countries. The number of hydrogen-producing intestinal bacteria may be associated with the development and progression of PD. Further studies are required to prove its beneficial effect.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fezes/microbiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Front Mol Biosci ; 5: 105, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30547036

RESUMO

RBM20 is a vertebrate-specific RNA-binding protein with two zinc finger (ZnF) domains, one RNA-recognition motif (RRM)-type RNA-binding domain and an arginine/serine (RS)-rich region. RBM20 has initially been identified as one of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)-linked genes. RBM20 is a regulator of heart-specific alternative splicing and Rbm20 ΔRRM mice lacking the RRM domain are defective in the splicing regulation. The Rbm20 ΔRRM mice, however, do not exhibit a characteristic DCM-like phenotype such as dilatation of left ventricles or systolic dysfunction. Considering that most of the RBM20 mutations identified in familial DCM cases were heterozygous missense mutations in an arginine-serine-arginine-serine-proline (RSRSP) stretch whose phosphorylation is crucial for nuclear localization of RBM20, characterization of a knock-in animal model is awaited. One of the major targets for RBM20 is the TTN gene, which is comprised of the largest number of exons in mammals. Alternative splicing of the TTN gene is exceptionally complicated and RBM20 represses >160 of its consecutive exons, yet detailed mechanisms for such extraordinary regulation are to be elucidated. The TTN gene encodes the largest known protein titin, a multi-functional sarcomeric structural protein specific to striated muscles. As titin is the most important factor for passive tension of cardiomyocytes, extensive heart-specific and developmentally regulated alternative splicing of the TTN pre-mRNA by RBM20 plays a critical role in passive stiffness and diastolic function of the heart. In disease models with diastolic dysfunctions, the phenotypes were rescued by increasing titin compliance through manipulation of the Ttn pre-mRNA splicing, raising RBM20 as a potential therapeutic target.

16.
FEBS Lett ; 592(18): 3173-3182, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30125342

RESUMO

Chitin-binding domain of chitinase A1 (ChBDChiA1 ) is characteristic because it binds only to insoluble crystalline chitin. While binding sites of major carbohydrate-binding modules carry multiple aromatic rings aligned on a surface, lethal mutations for ChBDChiA1 were reported only at W687, a location completely different from the site mentioned above, in spite of their similar main-chain folds. Here, the structural mechanism underlying its crystalline chitin binding was uncovered by solid-state NMR. Based on 13 C- and 15 N-signal assignment of microcrystalline ChBDChiA1 , the chemical shift perturbation on chitin binding was carefully examined. The perturbation was greatest at W687 and nonaromatic residues surrounding it, revealing their direct involvement in chitin binding. These residues and Q679 should provide a novel chitin-binding platform parallel to the W687 ring.


Assuntos
Bacillus/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Quitina/química , Quitinases/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Sequência de Carboidratos , Quitina/metabolismo , Quitinases/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos
17.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 14: 2057-2065, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147319

RESUMO

Objective: Oral cenesthopathy is characterized by foreign body sensations without medical and dental evidence for them. It is thought to be a rare disease in psychiatry, but many patients are visiting dental clinics seeking treatment to remove a foreign body. Even though the features of oral cenesthopathy might be different between a psychiatric clinic and a dental clinic, there has been no clinic-statistical study from dentists. In this study, we report a clinico-statistical study of patients with oral cenesthopathy in dentistry. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of 606 outpatients with oral cenesthopathy in Tokyo Medical and Dental University from April 2010 through to March 2015. Results: A total of 159 male and 447 female patients were included in this study. The mean age was 62.08 years, and female patients were older than male patients. The trigger of the dental treatment and the acute phase of depression at the onset were significantly related (p=0.037). Only 128 patients (36%) had clinically significant improvement after 6 months of pharmacotherapy. No history of psychiatric disorders (odds ratio [OR] 0.479 [95% confidence interval {CI}: 0.262-0.875], p=0.017) and longer duration of illness (>18 months) (OR 2.626 [95% CI: 1.437-4.799], p=0.002) were significant factors for clinical outcomes. Conclusion: Patients with oral cenesthopathy in our clinic were predominantly elderly female patients. Dental treatment in the acute phase of depression might be a risk factor for oral cenesthopathy. Therefore, comprehending the situation of psychiatric disorder and obtaining adequate informed consent might be required to prevent the trouble concerning oral cenesthopathy.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2587-2592, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944111

RESUMO

An iron-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain An22T, which was isolated from a paddy field soil in Anjo, Japan, was described taxonomically. Strain An22T was motile by a single polar flagellum, curved-rod, Gram-negative bacterium that was able to grow at 12-37 °C (optimally at 25-30 °C) and at pH 5.2-6.8 (pH 5.9-6.1). The strain grew microaerobically and autotrophically by oxidizing ferrous iron, but did not form stalks, a unique structure of iron oxides. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c. The major respiratory quinones were UQ-10 and UQ-8. The strain possessed ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase indicating an autotrophic nature via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle. The total DNA G+C content was 61.4 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain An22T was affiliated with the class Betaproteobacteria and clustered with iron-oxidizing bacteria, Gallionella ferrugineaJohan (94.8 % similarity) and Ferriphaselus amnicola OYT1T (94.4 %) in the family Gallionellaceae. Based on the low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the phylogenetically closest genera and the combination of unique morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics, strain An22T represents a novel genus and species within the family Gallionellaceae, for which the name Ferrigenium kumadai gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is An22T (=JCM 30584T=NBRC 112974T=ATCC TSD-51T).


Assuntos
Gallionellaceae/classificação , Oryza , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Processos Autotróficos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gallionellaceae/genética , Gallionellaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ferro/metabolismo , Japão , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Phys Rev E ; 97(5-1): 053108, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906850

RESUMO

Collision-coalescence growth of noninertial particles in three-dimensional homogeneous isotropic turbulence is studied. Smoluchowski's coagulation equation describes the evolution of the size distribution of particles in this system. By applying a methodology based on turbulence theory, the equation is shown to have a steady-state solution, which corresponds to the Kolmogorov-type power-law spectrum. Direct numerical simulations of turbulence and Lagrangian particles are conducted. The result shows that the size distribution in a statistically steady state agrees accurately with the theoretical prediction.

20.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 45(5): 922-928, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29807863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) without systemic symptoms but with initial symptoms related to the ear, such as hearing loss, otalgia, and dizziness, has recently been reported. We have categorized this condition as otitis media with AAV (OMAAV), and have recently proposed its diagnostic criteria. METHODS: To determine the effectiveness of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with profound hearing loss due to OMAAV. We examined the language understanding ability of four patients with bilateral profound or total deafness due to OMAAV, who underwent CI. RESULTS: In three of the four patients, the language understanding ability with CI was poor. These three patients with poor performance had characteristic features, including a short interval from the onset of ear symptoms to total deafness and clear enhancement of the cochlea on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CONCLUSION: The poor results observed in patients with a rapidly progressive history of hearing loss were attributed to possible severe and profuse intracochlear bleeding and/or destruction of structures, including the spiral ganglion. All the three patients showed contrast enhancement in the inner ear on MRI. We believe that preoperative evaluation of the history of hearing loss as well as the findings of contrast-enhanced MRI is important for predicting the prognosis after CI.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/complicações , Implante Coclear , Surdez/reabilitação , Perda Auditiva Bilateral/reabilitação , Otite Média/complicações , Percepção da Fala , Adulto , Idoso , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/diagnóstico por imagem , Surdez/etiologia , Orelha Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Bilateral/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otite Média/diagnóstico por imagem
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