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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5520059, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484562

RESUMO

Due to the increase of stress-related memory impairment accompanying with the COVID-19 pandemic and financial crisis, the prevention of cognitive decline induced by stress has gained much attention. Based on the evidence that an anthocyanin-rich mulberry milk demonstrated the cognitive enhancing effect, we hypothesized that it should be able to enhance memory in working-age volunteers who are exposed to working stress. This study is an open-label, two-arm randomized study. Both men and women volunteers at age between 18 and 60 years old were randomly assigned to consume the tested product either 1 or 2 servings daily for 6 weeks. All subjects were assessed for cortisol, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), monoamine oxidase (MAO), monoamine oxidase type A (MAO-A), and monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) in saliva, and their working memory was determined both at baseline and at a 6-week period. The results showed that the working memory of subjects in both groups was enhanced at the end of the study period together with the reduction of saliva cortisol. The suppression of AChE, MAO, and MAO-A was also observed in subjects who consumed the tested product 2 servings daily. Therefore, we suggest the memory enhancing effect of an anthocyanin-rich mulberry milk. The possible mechanism may occur primarily via the suppression of cortisol. In addition, the high dose of mulberry milk also suppresses AChE, MAO, and MAO-A.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/farmacologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Morus , Estresse Ocupacional , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monoaminoxidase/efeitos dos fármacos , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Morus/química
2.
J Food Sci ; 86(4): 1296-1305, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733483

RESUMO

At present, screening of active ingredients from natural products for pharmacological and clinical research is mostly time-consuming and costly. In this study, a molecular network (MN) guided high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet-fluorescence detector (HPLC-UV-FLD) method was carried out to profile the global antioxidant activity compounds, including the trace amount ingredients in Camellia nitidissima Chi (CNC). Firstly, HPLC-UV-FLD postcolumn derivatization system was utilized to screen the antioxidants. Then the MN of CNC was established via mass spectrometry (MS) data for getting the connection between ingredient structures. As a result, HPLC-UV-FLD indicated three antioxidant ingredients: gallic acid (126.3 mg/g), catechin (564.8 mg/g), and salicylic acid (24.3 mg/g). Combined with the MN, the actives' precise location and connection relationship were clarified based on the structural similarities. A new antioxidant ingredient, okicamelliaside, was suggested and evaluated at free radical scavenging and enzymatic protection. The novel method of activity and structural correlation analysis based on MN could provide a useful guide for screening trace active ingredients in natural products. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Three main ingredients were screened out from Camellia nitidissima Chi by HPLC-UV-FLD postcolumn derivatization system. Integrated molecular network and HPLC-UV-FLD analysis, a new type of antioxidant okicamelliaside was selected. The novel method of activity and structural correlation analysis based on molecular network could provide a useful guide for screening trace active ingredients in natural products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Camellia/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Chás de Ervas/análise , Catequina/análise , Fluorescência , Ácido Gálico/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ácido Salicílico/análise
3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 5305437, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774678

RESUMO

The prevalence of ischemic stroke in metabolic syndrome (MetS) is continually increasing and produces a great impact on both qualities of life and annual healthcare budget. Due to the efficiency limitation of the current therapeutic strategy, the poor availability of polyphenol substances induced by the first pass effect and the beneficial effects of mulberry fruit and ginger on brain and MetS-related diseases together with the synergistic concept, the neuroprotective effect against ischemic stroke in MetS condition of phytosome containing the combined extract of mulberry fruit and ginger (PMG) has been considered. To explore the neuroprotective effect and possible underlying mechanism of PMG on brain damage in cerebral ischemic rat with MetS, male Wistar rats were induced MetS by high-carbohydrate high-fat diet (HCHF) for 16 weeks and subjected to the cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (CIRI) at the right middle cerebral artery (Rt. MCAO). PMG at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg were orally fed with for 21 days, and they were assessed brain damage, neurological deficit score, and the changes of oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers, PPARγ expression, and epigenetic modification via DNMT-1 were performed. All doses of PMG significantly improved brain infarction, brain edema, and neurological deficit score. In addition, the reduction in DNMT-1, MDA level, NF-κB, TNFα, and C-reactive protein together with the increase in SOD, CAT, and GPH-Px activities, and PPARγ expression in the lesion brain were also observed. The current data clearly revealed the neuroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia with MetS condition. The possible underlying mechanism might occur partly via the suppression of DNMT-1 giving rise to the improvement of signal transduction via PPARγ resulting in the decreasing of inflammation and oxidative stress. In conclusion, PMG is the potential neuroprotectant candidate against ischemic stroke in the MetS condition. However, the clinical trial is still essential.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/dietoterapia , Frutas/química , Gengibre/química , Síndrome Metabólica/dietoterapia , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
4.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 3096826, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802263

RESUMO

The prevalence of dementia following cerebral ischemia in metabolic syndrome (MetS) condition is increasing, and most of the cases are often severe. Unfortunately, no effective strategy for treating this condition is available. Based on the positive modulation effect of a polyphenol-rich substance on dementia and the improvement in bioavailability and stability of polyphenols induced by the phytosome technique together with the use of the synergistic concept, we hypothesized that a phytosome containing the combined extract of mulberry fruit and ginger (PMG) should mitigate dementia and memory impairment following ischemic stroke in MetS. MetS was induced in male Wistar rats weighing 180-200 g by exposure to a 16-week feeding period of high-carbohydrate high-fat (HCHF) diet. MetS rats were orally given PMG at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 BW 21 days before and 21 days after the occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery (Rt. MCAO). Then, their spatial memory was determined and the possible underlying mechanisms explored via the alterations of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), neuron density, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and signal transduction via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in both the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus. It was found that PMG significantly enhanced memory. It also decreased AChE, IL-6, and MDA but increased SOD, CAT, GSH-Px, neuron density, and phosphorylation of ERK. These data suggested the cognitive enhancing effect of PMG. The possible underlying mechanisms might occur partly via the improvement of cholinergic function via the ERK pathway together with the decrease in neurodegeneration induced by the reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation. However, a subchronic toxicity study is also required to assure the safety of PMG consumption before moving forward to a clinical trial study.


Assuntos
Demência/tratamento farmacológico , Frutas/química , Gengibre/química , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Morus/química , Animais , Demência/etiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos
5.
Chin Herb Med ; 12(3): 207-213, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32834811

RESUMO

Members of the China-ASEAN Joint Laboratory for International Cooperation in Traditional Medicine Research used the video conference platform to exchange and discuss the advantages of traditional medicine through the form of score exchange and report, and research and develop the amount and issues of the therapeutic COVID-19 products of concern. This paper mainly reviews the achievements of the implementation of the epidemic prevention and control plan, advances of scientific basic studies on SARS-CoV-2, analysis and screening of potential targets and pathways of antiviral compounds based on network pharmacology and development of antiviral food dual-use products. The authors believe that the declaration of the (10 + 3) special meeting of national leaders on epidemic prevention and control should raise the medical and pharmaceutical issues of common concern. It is the responsibility of our joint laboratory members to accelerate the development of traditional medicine research and industry. Also the authors believe that this exchange will certainly promote the development of the cause of cooperation.

6.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 5972575, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827683

RESUMO

Due to the antimetabolic syndrome effect of mulberry and ginger together with the advantages of the synergistic effect and phytosome encapsulation technique, we hypothesized that phytosome containing the combined extracts of mulberry and ginger (PMG) should be able to manage MetS. PMG was developed and assessed the phenolic content and biological activities associated with the pathophysiology of MetS. The antimetabolic syndrome effect and the possible underlying mechanisms in the animal model of MetS were also assessed. Male Wistar rats induced MetS by subjecting to a 16-week high-carbohydrate high-fat diet. MetS rats were orally given PMG at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg for 21 days. They were determined metabolic parameter changes in serum, histomorphology changes of adipose tissue, the inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α, oxidative stress status, PPAR-γ, and HDAC3 in adipose tissue. Our in vitro data showed that PMG increased phenolic contents and biological activities. PMG significantly improved MetS parameters including body weight gain, lipid profiles, plasma glucose, HOMA-IR, and ACE. In addition, the density and size of adipocyte, adiposity index, and weights of adipose tissues were also improved. Moreover, the decrease in TNF-α and IL-6, oxidative stress status, and HDAC3 expression together with the increase in PPAR-γ expression in adipose tissue was also observed. These data suggest that PMG exhibit antimetabolic syndrome and the possible underlying mechanism may be associated partly with the modulation effect on HDAC3, PPAR-γ, and adipose tissue. In addition, PMG also improves oxidative stress and inflammation in MetS. Therefore, PMG can be served as the potential supplement to manage MetS. However, a clinical trial study is essential to confirm this health benefit.


Assuntos
Gengibre/química , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Glicemia/análise , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gengibre/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Morus/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 9658267, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827714

RESUMO

The novel strategy against ischemic stroke in metabolic syndrome (MetS) targeting at oxidative stress and inflammation has gained attention due to the limitation of the current therapy. Due to the antioxidant and anti-inflammation of the combined extract of Oryza sativa and Anethum graveolens, the cerebroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia in MetS condition has been focused. Since no data were available, this study was set up to determine the effects of the combined extract of Oryza sativa L. and Anethum graveolens Linn. against ischemic stroke in the animal model of metabolic syndrome. The possible underlying mechanism was also further investigated. Male Wistar rats (180-220 g) were fed with high-carbohydrate high-fat diet (HCHF diet) to induce metabolic syndrome-like condition. Then, MetS rats were subjected to reperfusion injury at the right middle cerebral artery. The combined extract of O. sativa and A. graveolens (OA extract) at doses of 0.5, 5, and 50 mg/kg BW was fed once daily for 21 days. Neurological assessment was performed every 7 days throughout the experimental period. At the end of study, brain infarction volume, neuron and glial fibrillary acidic protein- (GFAP-) positive cell density, the oxidative stress status, the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines (NF-κB, IL-6), and eNOS in the cortical area together with the expression of VCAM-1 and the histological changes of common carotid artery were determined. It was found that OA extract decreased brain infarction, neurological score, oxidative stress status, and inflammatory mediators but increased eNOS expression in the cortical area; the increased VCAM-1 and intima-media thickness together with the reduction of lumen diameter of common carotid artery of MetS eats with MCAO were also mitigated by OA extract. These data suggest the cerebroprotective effect of OA, and the underlying mechanism may occur partly via the improvement of oxidative stress status, inflammation, and brain blood supply.


Assuntos
Anethum graveolens/química , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Oryza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
8.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817117

RESUMO

Many studies have been conducted on the bioactive compounds of rice seeds, however, there is limited information on the bioactive compounds of rice sprouts. This study focused on the age effect on the phytochemical content of white and black glutinous rice sprouts harvested between 5 and 25 days old. We assessed yield, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, total anthocyanin content, total chlorophyll content, and proximate analysis. HPLC results identified protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, and rutin in the sprouts of both cultivars, ranging between 0.56-1.58, 0.65-7.69, and 0.47-1.68 mg/g extract, respectively. The amount of bioactive compounds and proximate compositions in black glutinous rice were generally higher than white glutinous rice in an age-dependent manner (p < 0.05). At 5-7 days, black glutinous rice contained the highest total anthocyanin content, while white glutinous rice contained the highest total phenolic content and total flavonoid content (p < 0.05). High total chlorophyll content was initially detected in white glutinous rice at a younger age than black glutinous rice (p < 0.05), while total chlorophyll content in both cultivars was not significantly different. Our study confirms the presence of phytoconstituents in the rice sprouts of white and black glutinous rice and their potential as functional foods and for being further development as natural health products.


Assuntos
Oryza/química , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Antocianinas/análise , Clorofila/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/análise , Fenóis/análise , Padrões de Referência
9.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 31, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cashew apple juice (CAJ) was shown to improve immunological mechanisms by regulating a balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant concentrations. However, no study exploring the effects of the CAJ and training status on the immune system and oxidative stress induced by exercise. Therefore, we investigated the effects of CAJ supplementation primarily on leukocyte counts and secondary on oxidative stress and cortisol changes after high-intensity exercise in trained and untrained men. METHODS: Ten moderately (endurance) trained (Age = 21.5 ± 0.97 yr., VO2max = 45.6 ± 4.12 mL/kgBM/min) and ten sedentary men (Age = 20.4 ± 2.72 yr., VO2peak = 32.2 ± 7.26 mL/kgBM/min) were randomized to ingest either daily CAJ or a placebo at 3.5 mL/kgBM/day for 4 weeks, with a four-week washout period. Before and after each period, they performed 20-min, high-intensity cycling (85% VO2max), with blood samples collected immediately preceding and the following exercise. Samples were analyzed to determine leukocyte counts, malondialdehyde, 8-isoprostane, and cortisol concentrations. A repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of supplement and training status over time with an alpha level of 0.05. RESULTS: There was no interaction between supplement and training status on those variables before and after exercise. However, CAJ raised resting neutrophil counts and exercise-induced leukocyte counts in the trained group (all p < 0.05). Besides, CAJ significantly reduced plasma malondialdehyde concentrations at rest and after exercise and reduced the post-exercise plasma 8-isoprostane concentration in both groups of subjects (p < 0.05). Moreover, CAJ reduced plasma cortisol after exercise in the untrained subjects. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that 4-week CAJ supplementation can enhance exercise-induced leukocyte and resting neutrophil counts in trained men. The possible mechanism is a reduction in oxidative stress. However, the supplementation did not change the immune responses of untrained men, but it did reduce stress hormone concentrations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: TCTR20181127002 Registered 26 November 2018 "retrospectively registered".


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Exercício Físico , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Contagem de Leucócitos , Estresse Oxidativo , Anacardium , Estudos Cross-Over , Dinoprosta/análogos & derivados , Dinoprosta/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Malus , Neutrófilos/citologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Adulto Jovem
10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 5360560, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182993

RESUMO

Currently, the therapeutic strategy against metabolic syndrome and its complications is required due to the increasing prevalence and its impact. Due to the benefits of both mulberry fruit extract and encapsulation technology, we hypothesized that encapsulated mulberry fruit extract (MME) could improve metabolic parameters and its complication risk in postmenopausal metabolic syndrome. To test this hypothesis, female Wistar rats were induced experimental menopause with metabolic syndrome by bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and high-carbohydrate high-fat (HCHF) diet. Then, they were orally given MME at doses of 10, 50, and 250 mg/kg BW for 8 weeks and the parameters, such as percentage of body weight gain, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, LDL-C, atherogenic index, fasting blood glucose, plasma glucose area under the curve, serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), oxidative stress status, histology, and protein expression of PPAR-γ, TNF-α, and NF-κB in adipose tissues were determined. MME improved body weight gain, adiposity index, glucose intolerance, lipid profiles, atherogenic index, ACE, oxidative stress status, and protein expression of TNF-α and NF-κB. Moreover, MME attenuated adipocyte hypertrophy and enhanced PPAR-γ expression. Taken altogether, MME decreased metabolic syndrome and its complication via the increased PPAR-γ expression. Therefore, MME is the potential candidate for improving metabolic syndrome and its related complications. However, further research in clinical trial is still necessary.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Feminino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/sangue , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 9089035, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937145

RESUMO

Despite the increase in cognitive deficit following stroke in metabolic syndrome (MetS) condition, the therapeutic strategy is still limited. Since oxidative stress and neuroinflammation play the crucial roles on the pathophysiology of aforementioned conditions, the cognitive enhancing effect of the combined extract of Oryza sativa and Anethum graveolens was considered based on their antioxidant, anti-inflammation, and neuroprotective effects together with the synergistic effect concept. Male Wistar rats weighing 180-220 g were induced metabolic syndrome-like condition by using a high-carbohydrate high-fat diet (HCHF diet). Then, reperfusion injury following cerebral ischemia was induced by the occlusion of right middle cerebral artery and treated with the combined extract of O. sativa and A. graveolens (OA extract) at doses of 0.5, 5, and 50 mg/kg BW once daily for 21 days. Spatial memory was assessed every 7 days throughout the experimental period. At the end of the study, neuron and glial fibrillary acidic protein- (GFAP-) positive cell densities, the oxidative stress status, AChE, and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) in the hippocampus were determined. The results showed that OA extract at all doses used in this study significantly improved memory together with the reductions of MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, AChE, and density of GFAP-positive cell but increased neuron density in the hippocampus. Taken together, OA is the potential cognitive enhancer in memory impairment following stroke in MetS condition. The possible underlying mechanism may occur partly via the reductions of oxidative stress status, GFAP-positive cell density, and neuroinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6 together with the suppression of AChE activity in the hippocampus. This study suggests that OA is the potential functional ingredient to improve the cognitive enhancer. However, further clinical research is required.


Assuntos
Anethum graveolens/química , Disfunção Cognitiva/dietoterapia , Síndrome Metabólica/dietoterapia , Oryza/química , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1459141, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915346

RESUMO

Anacardium occidentale L. leaf demonstrates sexual enhancement effect. Therefore, it can be used as the potential supplement and functional ingredient. However, the ethanolic leaf extract of this plant is a modified form of traditional application and the toxicity evaluation is required. To assess cytotoxicity of the extract, RAW 264.7 cells were treated with A. occidentale leaf extract in the concentration range between 0.625 and 10 mg/mL. Our results showed that the extract showed more than 90% cell viability at the concentration of 2.5 mg/mL after 24-hour exposure. To assure the consumption safety, the acute and subchronic toxicity must be studied. Acute toxicity showed that the extract is safe even at the highest dose of 2 g/kg in both sexes of Wistar rats. No changes in behavior, physiology, gross pathology, and histology were observed. To determine the subchronic toxicity of extract, both sexes of Wistar rats were orally given the extract at doses of 20, 100, and 500 mg/kg once daily for 90 days. No changes in body weight, food, and water intake, motor coordination, behavior, and mental alertness were observed. The significant reduction of white blood cell, platelet, and cholesterol together with increase in MCHC was observed in male rats. The reductions of white blood cell and platelet together with the elevations of hemoglobin and hematocrit were also observed in female rats. However, all changes were in normal range. The current results revealed that an ethanolic extract of A. occidentale leaf was well tolerated via oral consumption up to dose of 500 mg/kg BW for 90 days and did not produce any toxicity. Our in vitro cytotoxicity test also confirmed this safety.


Assuntos
Anacardium/química , Afrodisíacos/administração & dosagem , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Anacardium/toxicidade , Animais , Afrodisíacos/química , Afrodisíacos/toxicidade , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos
13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 2091872, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584459

RESUMO

Based on the benefit of polyphenolic compounds on osteoporosis, we hypothesized that the polyphenol-rich herbal congee containing the combined extract of Morus alba and Polygonum odoratum leaves should improve bone turnover markers in menopausal women. To test this hypothesis, a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed. A total of 45 menopausal participants were recruited in this study. They were randomly divided into placebo, D1, and D2 groups, respectively. The subjects in D1 and D2 groups must consume the congee containing the combined extract of M. alba and P. odoratum leaves at doses of 50 and 1500 mg/day, respectively. At the end of an 8-week consumption period, all subjects were determined serum bone markers including calcium, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and beta CTX. In addition, the hematological and blood clinical chemistry changes, and total phenolic content in the serum were also determined. The results showed that the menopausal women in D2 group increased serum alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and total phenolic compounds content but decreased CTX level. Clinical safety assessment failed to show toxicity and adverse effects. Therefore, herbal congee containing the combined extract of M. alba and P. odoratum leaves is the potential functional food that can decrease the risk of osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Morus/química , Perimenopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polygonum/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Menopausa/sangue , Osteocalcina/sangue , Perimenopausa/sangue , Folhas de Planta/química , Polifenóis/química
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 6452965, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498760

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to assess the effect and possible underlying mechanism of Anacardium occidentale leaves extract on male sexual behaviors in stress-exposed rats. Male Wistar rats were orally given A. occidentale extract at doses of 25, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW before 12-hour-immobilization exposure for 14 days. Sexual behaviors, serum testosterone and corticosterone levels, TH-positive cells density in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), MAO-B activity in NAc and medial preoptic area (MPOA), testis histology together with phosphodiesterase type-5 ( PDE-5) activity, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in penis were evaluated after treatment. All doses of extract improved male sexual behaviors, suppressed MAO-B in NAc, enhanced TH-positive cells density in NAc, suppressed PDE-5 in penis, and enhanced interstitial cell of Leydig. The increase of serum testosterone, TH-positive cells density in VTA, eNOS expression in penis, and the decreased serum corticosterone were observed at some doses. Therefore, the sexual enhancing effect of extract occurred mainly via the improved dopaminergic and testicular functions. PDE-5 suppression in penis also played the role especially in the increased intromission behavior. Therefore, A. occidentale leaves extract is the potential protective agent against sexual dysfunction. However, further researches are necessary.


Assuntos
Anacardium/química , Dopamina/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Comportamento Sexual Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Corticosterona/sangue , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 5/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/enzimologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Masculino , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênis/enzimologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Ratos Wistar , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testosterona/sangue
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402127

RESUMO

Currently, the suppression of oxidative stress and inflammation is considered as the treatment targets of spinal cord injury due to their roles on the hindrance of recovery process. Since laser acupuncture decreased oxidative stress and enhanced the survival of neurons from oxidative stress damage and GV2 stimulation was selected as one stimulated acupoint in order to enhance the recovery of spinal cord injury, we hypothesized that laser acupuncture at GV2 should enhance the recovery of spinal cord injury. To test this hypothesis, male Wistar rats were induced spinal cord injury at T10 level and they were exposed to a 10 minute-stimulation at GV2 by yellow laser. Laser acupuncture was performed at 0.25 and 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after spinal cord injury. Then, the stimulation was performed once daily for 7 days. Locomotor assessment was carried out on days 3 and 7 after injury. At the end of study period, the densities of polymorphonuclear of leukocyte, Bax, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, and BDNF positive stained cells in ventral horn of spinal cord were determined. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and oxidative stress status was also assessed. The results showed that laser acupuncture at GV2 increased BBB score, gross motor score, and densities of Bcl-2 and BDNF positive stained cells but decreased density with polymorphonuclear leukocyte, the densities of Bax and Caspase-3 positive stained cells, COX-2 level, and oxidative stress status in ventral horn of the lesion spinal cord. The reduction of serum COX-2 was also decreased. Therefore, GV2 stimulation by yellow laser might enhance the recovery of spinal cord via the increase in BDNF and the decrease in inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress status in the lesion spinal cord.

16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 1039364, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765488

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the protective effects against cerebral ischemia and osteoporosis of Morinda citrifolia extract in experimental menopause. The neuroprotective effect was assessed by giving M. citrifolia leaf extract at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg BW to the bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) rats for 7 days. Then, they were occluded in the right middle cerebral artery (MCAO) for 90 minutes. The neurological score, brain infarction volume, oxidative stress status, and ERK1/2 and eNOS activities were assessed 24 hours later. M. citrifolia improved neurological score, brain infarction, and brain oxidative stress status in the cortex of OVX rats plus the MCAO. No changes in ERK 1/2 signal pathway and NOS expression were observed in this area. Our data suggested that the neuroprotective effect of the extract might occur partly via the improvement of oxidative stress status in the cortex. The antiosteoporotic effect in OVX rats was also assessed after an 84-day intervention of M. citrifolia. The serum levels of calcium, osteocalcin, and alkaline phosphatase and osteoblast density in the tibia were increased, but the density of osteoclast was decreased in OVX rats which received the extract. Therefore, the current data suggested that the extract possessed antiosteoporotic effect by increasing bone formation but decreasing bone resorption.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Morinda/química , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa , Modelos Teóricos , Osteoporose/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
17.
Rejuvenation Res ; 21(5): 431-441, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29847217

RESUMO

Due to requirement of novel memory enhancer for menopausal women, this study aimed to determine safety and effect of the functional drink containing the extracts of purple corn cob and pandan leaves (PCP) on memory and brain changes in experimental menopause induced by bilateral ovariectomy (OVX). Acute toxicity of PCP was carried out in female Wistar rats. The results showed that LD50 was more than 2000 mg/kg BW. To determine the cognitive enhancing effect of PCP, OVX rats were orally treated with PCP at the doses of 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg BW for 28 days. The spatial memory was assessed every 7 days throughout the study period. At the end of the study, oxidative stress status, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity, neuronal density, and extracellular signal regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) signaling in hippocampus were measured. The improved spatial memory, ERK1/2 expression, and neuron density in dentate gyrus of hippocampus were observed in PCP-treated rats. In addition, a reduction of AChE activity was also observed. Unfortunately, no improved oxidative stress status was observed. Taken altogether, PCP exerts the memory-enhancing effect partly through the suppression of AChE and the increase in ERK signaling in the hippocampus.


Assuntos
Colinérgicos/farmacologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Nootrópicos/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Memória Espacial/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/enzimologia , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Transtornos da Memória/prevenção & controle , Neurônios/enzimologia , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Zea mays/química
18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2017: 2962316, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158872

RESUMO

Currently, the neuroprotectant and memory-enhancing agent for menopausal women with metabolic syndrome is required. Based on the advantages of polyphenolics on numerous changes observed in menopause with metabolic syndrome and the encapsulation method, we hypothesized that microencapsulated mulberry fruit extract (MME) could protect brain damage and improve memory impairment in an animal model of menopause with metabolic syndrome. To test this hypothesis, MME at doses of 10, 50, and 250 mg/kg was given to female Wistar rats which were induced experimental menopause with metabolic syndrome by bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and fed with high-carbohydrate high-fat (HCHF) diet for 8 weeks. Spatial memory together with neuron density, oxidative stress status, acetylcholinesterase, and phosphorylation of Erk in the hippocampus was assessed at the end of the study. It was found that MME decreased memory impairment, oxidative stress status, and AChE activity but increased neuron density and Erk phosphorylation in the hippocampus. Therefore, the neuroprotective and memory-enhancing effects of MME might partly involve the enhanced cholinergic function and Erk phosphorylation but decreased oxidative stress status in hippocampus. Therefore, MME is the potential novel neuroprotectant and memory-enhancing agent for menopause with metabolic syndrome. However, further research especially clinical trial is still necessary.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Morus/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2017: 5290161, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28904737

RESUMO

The novel protectant against diabetic cataract and diabetic retinopathy is currently required due to the increased prevalence and therapeutic limitation. Based on the advantage of polyphenol on diabetic eye complications, we hypothesized that the combined extract of mango seed Vietnamese coriander (MPO), a polyphenol-rich substance, should possess anticataractogenesis and antiretinopathy in streptozotocin- (STZ-) diabetic rats. MPO at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg·BW were orally given to STZ-diabetic rats for 10 weeks. Lens opacity was evaluated every week throughout a study period whereas the evaluation of cataract severity and histological changes of both rat lens epithelium and retina together with the biochemical assays of oxidative stress status, aldose reductase, p38MAPK, ERK1/2, and VEGF were performed at the end of experiment. Our data showed that MPO improved cataract and retinopathy in STZ-diabetic rats. The improved oxidative stress status and the decreased p38MAPK, ERK1/2, and VEGF were also observed. Therefore, anticataractogenesis and antiretinopathy of MPO might occur partly via the decreased oxidative stress status and the suppression of aldose reductase, p38MAPK, ERK1/2, and VEGF. This study points out that MPO is the potential candidate protectant against diabetic cataract and diabetic retinopathy. However, the exploration for possible active ingredient (S) still requires further researches.


Assuntos
Catarata/tratamento farmacológico , Coriandrum/química , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Mangifera/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Doenças Retinianas/tratamento farmacológico , Aldeído Redutase/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Catarata/patologia , Contagem de Células , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Jejum/sangue , Cristalino/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalino/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina/patologia , Doenças Retinianas/patologia , Estreptozocina , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
20.
J Acupunct Meridian Stud ; 10(4): 231-239, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28889839

RESUMO

The novel therapeutic strategy against autism is essential due to the limited therapeutic efficacy. Based on the benefit of laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint on the neurological disorders related with oxidative stress and inflammation, its benefit on oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and GABAergic/glutamatergic imbalance in cerebellum of autism have been considered. To elucidate this issue, male rat pups were induced autistic-like conditions by valproic acid (VPA) and treated with laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint once daily between postnatal Day 14 and Day 40. At the end of study, the changes of oxidative stress markers, the expressions of cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) proteins (65 kDa and 67 kDa) together with gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) activity and density of Purkinje cell in the cerebellum were assessed. The results showed that laser acupuncture HT7 decreased oxidative stress, IL-6 expression, and GABA-T activity but increased the expressions of GAD 65 kDa together with the density of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Therefore, laser acupuncture at HT7 is the potential strategy to improve the cerebellar disorders in VPA-rat model of autism. The mechanism may occur partly via the decrease of oxidative stress status, inflammation, and the improved GABAergic function.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Transtorno Autístico/terapia , Doenças Cerebelares/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Animais , Doenças Cerebelares/metabolismo , Cerebelo/química , Cerebelo/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ácido Valproico/efeitos adversos , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
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