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Sr Care Pharm ; 34(9): 604-612, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601294


OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to determine factors associated with health literacy and medication adherence in an urban community. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess factors associated with health literacy and medication adherence. Participants were recruited from October 2012 to April 2013. SETTING: Ambulatory care clinic and senior wellness center. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were eligible if they were older than 18 years of age and had received care at the ambulatory clinic or obtained services at the senior wellness center. INTERVENTIONS: REALM survey and the Morisky 8-Item Medication Adherence Questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The two outcomes evaluated in this study were health literacy and medication adherence. RESULTS: A total of 51 participants were enrolled in the study. Twenty-seven (53%) of the participants were noted to be nonadherent to their medications. Twenty (74%) of these participants read below the high school level, and the remaining 7 (26%) read above a high school level. Study findings showed that both education level and comorbidities status were associated with health literacy. Participants who had a below high school education level had greater odds of having a below high school health literacy level (odds ratio [OR] = 7.500, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.482-37.949). Participants who had two or more comorbidities had greater odds of having a below high school health literacy level (OR = 24.889, 95% CI 2.698-229.610). CONCLUSION: Our study results found associations between both comorbidities and education with health literacy.

Alfabetização em Saúde , Adesão à Medicação , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
Curr Pharm Teach Learn ; 10(12): 1579-1586, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527823


INTRODUCTION: A study was conducted to assess if there is an association between pharmacy students' perceptions of their preparedness to contribute to emergency responses and their current work status. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from a student perception survey completed by third-year pharmacy students. The survey collected demographic information on age, gender, level of education, ethnicity, and pharmacy-related work experience. A series of Likert scale items were used to assess students' perceptions regarding their competency in specific skills areas essential for participation in emergency responses. An independent samples t-test was used to compare mean scores for Likert scale items between working and nonworking students. Multivariate linear regression models were developed to determine if work status was an independent predictor of students' self-reported competencies after adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: Sixty-six of 69 (95.7%) students completed the student perception survey. Students currently working in a pharmacy reported higher mean scores on several of the measured competencies. After covariates adjustment, current work status was associated with higher scores on self-reported competencies related to proficiency in evaluating information from patient assessment and collaborating with other individuals to develop processes related to the optimizing flow of care. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that students who are working tend to have more confidence in their ability to contribute to emergency responses as well as work better in a team setting. Incorporating cases related to emergency response readiness in pharmacy curriculum may be needed to enhance skills and confidence of non-working pharmacy students.

Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Emprego/métodos , Percepção , Estudantes de Farmácia/psicologia , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoeficácia , Estudantes de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários