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1.
Nature ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732738

RESUMO

The metastatic spread of cancer is achieved by the haematogenous dissemination of circulating tumour cells (CTCs). Generally, however, the temporal dynamics that dictate the generation of metastasis-competent CTCs are largely uncharacterized, and it is often assumed that CTCs are constantly shed from growing tumours or are shed as a consequence of mechanical insults1. Here we observe a striking and unexpected pattern of CTC generation dynamics in both patients with breast cancer and mouse models, highlighting that most spontaneous CTC intravasation events occur during sleep. Further, we demonstrate that rest-phase CTCs are highly prone to metastasize, whereas CTCs generated during the active phase are devoid of metastatic ability. Mechanistically, single-cell RNA sequencing analysis of CTCs reveals a marked upregulation of mitotic genes exclusively during the rest phase in both patients and mouse models, enabling metastasis proficiency. Systemically, we find that key circadian rhythm hormones such as melatonin, testosterone and glucocorticoids dictate CTC generation dynamics, and as a consequence, that insulin directly promotes tumour cell proliferation in vivo, yet in a time-dependent manner. Thus, the spontaneous generation of CTCs with a high proclivity to metastasize does not occur continuously, but it is concentrated within the rest phase of the affected individual, providing a new rationale for time-controlled interrogation and treatment of metastasis-prone cancers.

2.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654700

RESUMO

The therapeutic role of axillary dissection in breast cancer is gradually abandoned. However, in some cases axillary dissection is still indicated, and this mandates expertise in planning the operation according to imaging, understanding of current methods of axillary marking, and expertise in performing a more radical resection. In this comment we describe cases of gross nodal disease that was left behind at the time of axillary dissection and was later noted on a radiation planning CT.

3.
Breast ; 63: 123-139, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366506

RESUMO

AIM: Demand for nipple- and skin- sparing mastectomy (NSM/SSM) with immediate breast reconstruction (BR) has increased at the same time as indications for post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) have broadened. The aim of the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium initiative was to address relevant questions arising with this clinically challenging scenario. METHODS: A large global panel of oncologic, oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgeons, patient advocates and radiation oncologists developed recommendations for clinical practice in an iterative process based on the principles of Delphi methodology. RESULTS: The panel agreed that surgical technique for NSM/SSM should not be formally modified when PMRT is planned with preference for autologous over implant-based BR due to lower risk of long-term complications and support for immediate and delayed-immediate reconstructive approaches. Nevertheless, it was strongly believed that PMRT is not an absolute contraindication for implant-based or other types of BR, but no specific recommendations regarding implant positioning, use of mesh or timing were made due to absence of high-quality evidence. The panel endorsed use of patient-reported outcomes in clinical practice. It was acknowledged that the shape and size of reconstructed breasts can hinder radiotherapy planning and attention to details of PMRT techniques is important in determining aesthetic outcomes after immediate BR. CONCLUSIONS: The panel endorsed the need for prospective, ideally randomised phase III studies and for surgical and radiation oncology teams to work together for determination of optimal sequencing and techniques for PMRT for each patient in the context of BR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia/métodos , Mamilos , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 42, 2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral excess tissue after mastectomy is a frequent problem, which should be included into preoperative planning. Women with lateral tissue abundance are frequently impaired cosmetically and functionally. We suggest a novel oncoplastic mastectomy technique to eliminate the above mentioned. METHODS: Surgical technique Two small horizontal lines are drawn, one line above and one line below the Nipple Areola Complex. These lines should represent the possible skin excision and allow tight skin closure. Consecutively, two ending points of the incision are planned, one close to the xyphoid area and the other one in the anterior axillary line. These points are then interconnected in an s-shaped manner to form a double s-shaped skin excision. RESULTS: The double S-shaped technique is an easy reproducible technique which not only allows good access to the lateral side of the mastectomy, but also and mainly the reduction of lateral fat and skin. CONCLUSION: The double S mastectomy allows for simultaneous removal of access in the axillary region, eliminating skin, and fat as needed and preventing the lateral dog ear.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia/métodos , Mamilos/cirurgia
5.
World J Surg ; 46(2): 391-399, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) inhere impaired peripheral insulin action leading to higher perioperative morbidity and mortality rates, with hospital-acquired infections being one important complication. This post hoc, observational study aimed to analyze the impact of surgical and metabolic stress as defined by the surrogate marker hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), in relation to self-reported DM2, on perioperative infection rates in a subcohort of the Surgical Site Infection (SSI) Trial population. METHODS: All patients of the SSI study were screened for HbA1c levels measured perioperatively for elective or emergency surgery and classified according to the American Diabetes Association HbA1c cutoff values. SSI and nosocomial infections, self-reported state of DM2 and type of surgery (minor, major) were assessed. RESULTS: HbA1c levels were measured in 139 of 5175 patients (2.7%) of the complete SSI study group. Seventy patients (50.4%) self-reported DM2, while 69 (49.6%) self-reported to be non-diabetic. HbA1c levels indicating pre-diabetes were found in 48 patients (34.5%) and diabetic state in 64 patients (46%). Forty-five patients of the group self-reporting no diabetes (65.2%) were previously unaware of their metabolic derangement (35 pre-diabetic and 10 diabetic). Eighteen infections were detected. Most infections (17 of 18 events) were found in patients with HbA1c levels indicating pre-/diabetic state. The odds for an infection was 3.9-fold (95% CI 1.4 to 11.3) higher for patients undergoing major compared to minor interventions. The highest percentage of infections (38.5%) was found in the group of patients with an undiagnosed pre-/diabetic state undergoing major surgery. CONCLUSIONS: These results encourage investment in further studies evaluating a more generous and specific use of HbA1c screening in patients without self-reported diabetes undergoing major surgery. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01790529.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 29(2): 1061-1070, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647202

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent data suggest that margins ≥2 mm after breast-conserving surgery may improve local control in invasive breast cancer (BC). By allowing large resection volumes, oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCII; Clough level II/Tübingen 5-6) may achieve better local control than conventional breast conserving surgery (BCS; Tübingen 1-2) or oncoplastic breast conservation with low resection volumes (OBCI; Clough level I/Tübingen 3-4). METHODS: Data from consecutive high-risk BC patients treated in 15 centers from the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium (OPBC) network, between January 2010 and December 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 3,177 women were included, 30% of whom were treated with OBC (OBCI n = 663; OBCII n = 297). The BCS/OBCI group had significantly smaller tumors and smaller resection margins compared with OBCII (pT1: 50% vs. 37%, p = 0.002; proportion with margin <1 mm: 17% vs. 6%, p < 0.001). There were significantly more re-excisions due to R1 ("ink on tumor") in the BCS/OBCI compared with the OBCII group (11% vs. 7%, p = 0.049). Univariate and multivariable regression analysis adjusted for tumor biology, tumor size, radiotherapy, and systemic treatment demonstrated no differences in local, regional, or distant recurrence-free or overall survival between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Large resection volumes in oncoplastic surgery increases the distance from cancer cells to the margin of the specimen and reduces reexcision rates significantly. With OBCII larger tumors are resected with similar local, regional and distant recurrence-free as well as overall survival rates as BCS/OBCI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 16(5): 452-460, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of complications and recurrence between oncoplastic and conventional breast surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 436 patients with stage I-III breast cancer who underwent surgery at the University Hospital of Basel between 2011 and 2018. RESULTS: The nipple/skin-sparing mastectomy (NSM/SSM) group showed significantly more delayed wound healing (32.7 vs. 5.8%, p < 0.001) and skin necrosis (13.9 vs. 1.9%, p = 0.020) compared to conventional mastectomy (CM), which corresponded to significantly higher odds of short-term complications (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.02-5.35, p = 0.044). The incidence rate of long-term morbidity in oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) was significantly higher compared to conventional breast-conserving surgery (CBCS; 25.5 vs. 11.3 per 100 patient years [PY], p < 0.001), in particular concerning chronic pain (13.3 vs. 6.6, p = 0.011) and lymphedema (4.1 vs. 0.4, p = 0.003). Seroma as a long-term morbidity occurred more often in the CM group compared to the NSM/SSM group (5.8 vs. 0.5 per 100 PY, p = 0.004). Patients received adjuvant treatment earlier after CM compared to NSM/SSM (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.05-3.19, p = 0.034). There were no significant differences in the incidence of positive margins nor in the odds of recurrence after OBCS versus CBCS and after NSM/SSM versus CM. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the present study confirmed expected differences in complications and morbidity, it suggested that oncoplastic surgery is oncologically safe. Patients undergoing NSM/SSM should be followed closely to allow early detection and treatment of frequently associated complications and ensure timely start of adjuvant therapy.

11.
Nature ; 594(7864): 566-571, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079127

RESUMO

The persistence of undetectable disseminated tumour cells (DTCs) after primary tumour resection poses a major challenge to effective cancer treatment1-3. These enduring dormant DTCs are seeds of future metastases, and the mechanisms that switch them from dormancy to outgrowth require definition. Because cancer dormancy provides a unique therapeutic window for preventing metastatic disease, a comprehensive understanding of the distribution, composition and dynamics of reservoirs of dormant DTCs is imperative. Here we show that different tissue-specific microenvironments restrain or allow the progression of breast cancer in the liver-a frequent site of metastasis4 that is often associated with a poor prognosis5. Using mouse models, we show that there is a selective increase in natural killer (NK) cells in the dormant milieu. Adjuvant interleukin-15-based immunotherapy ensures an abundant pool of NK cells that sustains dormancy through interferon-γ signalling, thereby preventing hepatic metastases and prolonging survival. Exit from dormancy follows a marked contraction of the NK cell compartment and the concurrent accumulation of activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSCs). Our proteomics studies on liver co-cultures implicate the aHSC-secreted chemokine CXCL12 in the induction of NK cell quiescence through its cognate receptor CXCR4. CXCL12 expression and aHSC abundance are closely correlated in patients with liver metastases. Our data identify the interplay between NK cells and aHSCs as a master switch of cancer dormancy, and suggest that therapies aimed at normalizing the NK cell pool might succeed in preventing metastatic outgrowth.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/citologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/citologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Interferon gama , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteômica , Transcriptoma , Microambiente Tumoral
12.
Ther Umsch ; 78(3): 119, 2021 04.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775131
13.
Eur J Cancer ; 143: 134-146, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant systemic treatment elicits a pathologic complete response (pCR) in about 35% of women with breast cancer. In such cases, breast surgery may be considered overtreatment. We evaluated multivariate algorithms using patient, tumor, and vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) variables to identify patients with breast pCR. METHODS: We developed and tested four multivariate algorithms: a logistic regression with elastic net penalty, an Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) tree, Support Vector Machines (SVM), and neural network. We used data from 457 women, randomly partitioned into training and test set (2:1), enrolled in three trials with stage 1-3 breast cancer, undergoing VAB before surgery. False-negative rate (FNR) and specificity were the main outcome measures. The best performing algorithm was validated in an independent fourth trial. RESULTS: In the test set (n = 152), the logistic regression with elastic net penalty, XGboost tree, SVM, and neural network revealed an FNR of 1.2% (1 of 85 patients with missed residual cancer). Specificity of the logistic regression with elastic net penalty was 52.2% (35 of 67 women with surgically confirmed breast pCR identified), of the XGBoost tree 55.2% (37 of 67), of SVM 62.7% (42 of 67), and of the neural network 67.2% (45 of 67). External validation (n = 50) of the neural network showed an FNR of 0% (0 of 27) and a specificity of 65.2% (15 of 23). Area under the ROC curve for the neural network was 0.97 (95% CI, 0.94-1.00). CONCLUSION: A multivariate algorithm can accurately select breast cancer patients without residual cancer after neoadjuvant treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante
14.
Cell Rep ; 32(10): 108105, 2020 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905777

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are shed from solid cancers in the form of single or clustered cells, and the latter display an extraordinary ability to initiate metastasis. Yet, the biological phenomena that trigger the shedding of CTC clusters from a primary cancerous lesion are poorly understood. Here, when dynamically labeling breast cancer cells along cancer progression, we observe that the majority of CTC clusters are undergoing hypoxia, while single CTCs are largely normoxic. Strikingly, we find that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) targeting leads to primary tumor shrinkage, but it increases intra-tumor hypoxia, resulting in a higher CTC cluster shedding rate and metastasis formation. Conversely, pro-angiogenic treatment increases primary tumor size, yet it dramatically suppresses the formation of CTC clusters and metastasis. Thus, intra-tumor hypoxia leads to the formation of clustered CTCs with high metastatic ability, and a pro-angiogenic therapy suppresses metastasis formation through prevention of CTC cluster generation.


Assuntos
Hipóxia Celular/imunologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/imunologia , Proteômica/métodos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos
15.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(6): 4917-4921, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474846

RESUMO

Tall cell carcinoma with reversed polarity (TCCRP) is a rare breast carcinoma with low malignant potential, initially named "breast tumor resembling the tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma", which has recently been recognized as a separate entity in the 5th edition of the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of breast tumors. Since the first report of this entity in 2003, more than 40 cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report another case of this rare tumor in a 60-year-old woman. We performed immunohistochemical analyses and next-generation-sequencing (NGS) using the Oncomine™ Comprehensive DNA Panel (Thermo Fisher Scientific). The tumor showed the typical morphological features of TCCRP and a "triple-negative" phenotype. Moreover, we identified pathogenic mutations in the IDH2 (p.R172G) and PIK3CA (p.H1047R) genes. We report a case of TCCRP of the breast showing the characteristic morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular features of this entity. There is still a limited number of cases with comprehensive molecular analyses reported in the literature. Therefore, we herewith contribute to a better understanding of the morphological and molecular characteristics as well as the clinical behavior of this rare entity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Mama/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Forma Celular , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética
16.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 200, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572728

RESUMO

Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents about 10-20% of all invasive breast cancers and is associated with a poor prognosis. The nectin cell adhesion protein 4 (Nectin-4) is a junction protein involved in the formation and maintenance of cell junctions. Nectin-4 has previously shown to be expressed in about 60% of TNBC as well as in TNBC metastases, but to be absent in normal breast tissue, which makes it a potential specific target for TNBC therapy. Previous studies have shown an association of Nectin-4 protein expression with worse prognosis in TNBC in a small patient cohort. The aim of our study was to explore the role of Nectin-4 in TNBC and confirm its impact on survival in a larger TNBC patient cohort. Material and Methods: We performed immunohistochemical staining for Nectin-4 on a tissue microarray encompassing 148 TNBC cases with detailed clinical annotation and outcomes data. Results: A high expression of Nectin-4 was present in 86 (58%) of the 148 TNBC cases. In multivariate survival analysis, high expression of Nectin-4 was associated with a significantly better overall survival when compared with low expression of Nectin-4 (p < 0.001). Nectin-4-high expression was also significantly associated with a lower tumor stage (p = 0.025) and pN0 lymph node stage (p = 0.034). Conclusion: Our results confirm that expression of Nectin-4 serves as a potential prognostic marker in TNBC and is associated with a significantly better overall survival. In addition, Nectin-4 represents a potential target in TNBC, and its role in molecular defined breast cancer subtype should be investigated in larger patient cohorts.

17.
Cell ; 177(5): 1330-1345.e18, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982598

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease. Tumor cells and associated healthy cells form ecosystems that determine disease progression and response to therapy. To characterize features of breast cancer ecosystems and their associations with clinical data, we analyzed 144 human breast tumor and 50 non-tumor tissue samples using mass cytometry. The expression of 73 proteins in 26 million cells was evaluated using tumor and immune cell-centric antibody panels. Tumors displayed individuality in tumor cell composition, including phenotypic abnormalities and phenotype dominance. Relationship analyses between tumor and immune cells revealed characteristics of ecosystems related to immunosuppression and poor prognosis. High frequencies of PD-L1+ tumor-associated macrophages and exhausted T cells were found in high-grade ER+ and ER- tumors. This large-scale, single-cell atlas deepens our understanding of breast tumor ecosystems and suggests that ecosystem-based patient classification will facilitate identification of individuals for precision medicine approaches targeting the tumor and its immunoenvironment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Tolerância Imunológica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Macrófagos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Nature ; 566(7745): 553-557, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728496

RESUMO

A better understanding of the features that define the interaction between cancer cells and immune cells is important for the development of new cancer therapies1. However, focus is often given to interactions that occur within the primary tumour and its microenvironment, whereas the role of immune cells during cancer dissemination in patients remains largely uncharacterized2,3. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are precursors of metastasis in several types of cancer4-6, and are occasionally found within the bloodstream in association with non-malignant cells such as white blood cells (WBCs)7,8. The identity and function of these CTC-associated WBCs, as well as the molecular features that define the interaction between WBCs and CTCs, are unknown. Here we isolate and characterize individual CTC-associated WBCs, as well as corresponding cancer cells within each CTC-WBC cluster, from patients with breast cancer and from mouse models. We use single-cell RNA sequencing to show that in the majority of these cases, CTCs were associated with neutrophils. When comparing the transcriptome profiles of CTCs associated with neutrophils against those of CTCs alone, we detect a number of differentially expressed genes that outline cell cycle progression, leading to more efficient metastasis formation. Further, we identify cell-cell junction and cytokine-receptor pairs that define CTC-neutrophil clusters, representing key vulnerabilities of the metastatic process. Thus, the association between neutrophils and CTCs drives cell cycle progression within the bloodstream and expands the metastatic potential of CTCs, providing a rationale for targeting this interaction in treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ciclo Celular , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Junções Intercelulares , Camundongos , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
19.
Cell ; 176(1-2): 98-112.e14, 2019 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633912

RESUMO

The ability of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) to form clusters has been linked to increased metastatic potential. Yet biological features and vulnerabilities of CTC clusters remain largely unknown. Here, we profile the DNA methylation landscape of single CTCs and CTC clusters from breast cancer patients and mouse models on a genome-wide scale. We find that binding sites for stemness- and proliferation-associated transcription factors are specifically hypomethylated in CTC clusters, including binding sites for OCT4, NANOG, SOX2, and SIN3A, paralleling embryonic stem cell biology. Among 2,486 FDA-approved compounds, we identify Na+/K+ ATPase inhibitors that enable the dissociation of CTC clusters into single cells, leading to DNA methylation remodeling at critical sites and metastasis suppression. Thus, our results link CTC clustering to specific changes in DNA methylation that promote stemness and metastasis and point to cluster-targeting compounds to suppress the spread of cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Metilação de DNA/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica/fisiopatologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo , Complexo Correpressor Histona Desacetilase e Sin3
20.
Breast Cancer Res ; 20(1): 141, 2018 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30458879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with breast cancer correlates to a bad prognosis. Yet, CTCs are detectable in only a minority of patients with progressive breast cancer, and factors that influence the abundance of CTCs remain elusive. METHODS: We conducted CTC isolation and enumeration in a selected group of 73 consecutive patients characterized by progressive invasive breast cancer, high tumor load and treatment discontinuation at the time of CTC isolation. CTCs were quantified with the Parsortix microfluidic device. Clinicopathological variables, blood counts at the time of CTC isolation and detailed treatment history prior to blood sampling were evaluated for each patient. RESULTS: Among 73 patients, we detected at least one CTC per 7.5 ml of blood in 34 (46%). Of these, 22 (65%) had single CTCs only, whereas 12 (35%) featured both single CTCs and CTC clusters. Treatment with the monoclonal antibody denosumab correlated with the absence of CTCs, both when considering all patients and when considering only those with bone metastasis. We also found that low red blood cell count was associated with the presence of CTCs, whereas high CA 15-3 tumor marker, high mean corpuscular volume, high white blood cell count and high mean platelet volume associated specifically with CTC clusters. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to blood count correlatives to single and clustered CTCs, we found that denosumab treatment associates with most patients lacking CTCs from their peripheral circulation. Prospective studies will be needed to validate the involvement of denosumab in the prevention of CTC generation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Denosumab/farmacologia , Eritrócitos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Contagem de Células/métodos , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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