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1.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 118(9): 3395-3408, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738790

RESUMO

Increasing demands for protein-based therapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies, fusion proteins, bispecific molecules, and antibody fragments require researchers to constantly find innovative solutions. To increase yields and decrease costs of next generation bioprocesses, highly concentrated cell culture media formulations are developed but often limited by the low solubility of amino acids such as tyrosine, cystine, leucine, and isoleucine, in particular at physiological pH. This study sought to investigate highly soluble and bioavailable derivatives of leucine and isoleucine that are applicable for fed-batch processes. N-lactoyl-leucine and N-lactoyl-isoleucine sodium salts were tested in cell culture media and proved to be beneficial to increase the overall solubility of cell culture media formulations. These modified amino acids proved to be bioavailable for various Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and were suitable for replacement of canonical amino acids in cell culture feeds. The quality of the final recombinant protein was studied in bioprocesses using the derivatives, and the mechanism of cleavage was investigated in CHO cells. Altogether, both N-lactoyl amino acids represent an advantageous alternative to canonical amino acids to develop highly concentrated cell culture media formulations to support next generation bioprocesses.

2.
J Biotechnol ; 321: 1-12, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580011

RESUMO

Highly concentrated cell culture media formulations are essential to develop next generation bioprocesses used to produce therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, fusion proteins, bispecific molecules and mAb fragments. Although cysteine/cystine and tyrosine are the first components preventing the development of highly concentrated complex cell culture media, leucine and isoleucine were identified as the next critical amino acids due to their limited solubility. This work sought to investigate highly soluble and readily bioavailable derivatives of both amino acids that may be used in batch, fed-batch or perfusion processes. The α-keto acids of Leu and Ile, keto leucine and keto isoleucine sodium salts, were tested in cell culture media and proved to be beneficial to increase the overall solubility of cell culture media formulations. These keto acids were readily bioavailable for various CHO cells and can be used in both media and feeds. The quality of the final recombinant protein was studied in processes using the precursors and the mechanism of amination was investigated in CHO cells. Altogether, both keto acids represent an alternative to their respective amino acids to develop highly concentrated cell culture media formulations to support next generation bioprocesses.


Assuntos
Isoleucina , Cetoácidos , Leucina , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Aminação , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Reatores Biológicos , Células CHO , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Meios de Cultura/química , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Isoleucina/química , Isoleucina/metabolismo , Cetoácidos/química , Cetoácidos/metabolismo , Leucina/química , Leucina/metabolismo , Solubilidade
3.
MAbs ; 9(6): 889-897, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28581887

RESUMO

The quality of recombinant proteins such as monoclonal antibodies produced using Chinese hamster ovary cell-based mammalian systems is dependent on many factors, including cell line, process and cell culture media. Due to these factors, the generated product is heterogeneous and may have chemically-induced modifications or post-translational modifications that affect antibody stability, functionality and, in some cases, patient safety. This study demonstrates that S-sulfocysteine, a cysteine derivative, can increase the antibody specific productivity in different cell lines cultivated with different processes while minimizing trisulfide linkages in generated mAbs, mainly between heavy and light chain. The supplementation of a cell culture feed with S-sulfocysteine also proved to be useful to reduce the percentage of antibody fragments generated from the monoclonal antibody. Overall, this new component used in the upstream process allows a reduction of product heterogeneity.

4.
Biotechnol Prog ; 33(3): 759-770, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28268250

RESUMO

The ability of cell culture media components to generate reactive species as well as their sensitivity to oxidative degradation, affects the overall stability of media and the behavior of cells cultured in vitro. This study investigates the influence of thiazolidine molecules, formed from the condensation between cysteine and alpha-ketoacids, on the stability of these complex mixtures and on the performance of cell culture processes aiming to produce therapeutically relevant monoclonal antibodies. Results presented in this study indicate that 2-methyl-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid and 2-(2-carboxyethyl)-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid, obtained by condensation of cysteine with pyruvate or alpha-ketoglutarate, respectively, are able to stabilize cell culture media formulations, in particular redox sensitive molecules like folic acid, thiamine, l-methionine (met) and l-tryptophan (trp). The use of thiazolidine containing feeds in Chinese hamster ovary fed-batch processes showed prolonged culture duration and increased productivity. This enhanced performance was correlated with lower reactive species generation, extracellularly and intracellularly. Moreover, an anti-oxidative response was triggered via the induction of superoxide dismutase and an increase in the total glutathione pool, the major intracellular antioxidant. In total, the results confirm that cells in vitro are not cultured in an oxidant-free environment, a concept that has to be considered when studying the influence of reactive species in human diseases. Furthermore, this study indicates that thiazolidines are an interesting class of antioxidant molecules, capable of increasing cell culture media stability and process performance. © 2017 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 33:759-770, 2017.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Tiazolidinas/metabolismo , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Meios de Cultura , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Metionina/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Tiamina/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo
5.
J Biotechnol ; 218: 53-63, 2016 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26654938

RESUMO

Industrial fed-batch cultivation of mammalian cells is used for the production of therapeutic proteins such as monoclonal antibodies. Besides medium ensuring initial growth, feeding is necessary to improve growth, viability and antibody production. Established processes include a slight acidic main feed and a separate alkaline feed containing l-tyrosine and l-cysteine. Since l-cysteine is not stable at neutral pH, a new derivative, S-sulfocysteine, was tested in neutral pH feeds. In small scale fed-batch processes, the S-sulfocysteine process yielded a comparable maximum viable cell density, prolonged viability and increased titer compared to the two feed system. Bioreactor experiments confirmed the increase in specific productivity. In depth characterization of the monoclonal antibody indicated no change in the glycosylation, or charge variant pattern whereas peptide mapping experiments were not able to detect any integration of the modified amino acid in the sequence of the monoclonal antibody. Finally, the mechanism of action of S-sulfocysteine was investigated, and results pointed out the anti-oxidative potential of the molecule, mediated through an increase in superoxide dismutase enzyme levels and in the total intracellular glutathione pool. Finally, we propose that the increase in specific productivity obtained in the S-sulfocysteine process results from the anti-oxidative properties of the molecule.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Técnicas de Cultura Celular por Lotes/métodos , Meios de Cultura , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/biossíntese , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Células CHO , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Cisteína/metabolismo , Cisteína/farmacologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glicosilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Mapeamento de Peptídeos , Tirosina/metabolismo
6.
J Biotechnol ; 186: 110-8, 2014 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25014403

RESUMO

Fed-batch culture bioprocesses are currently used predominantly for the production of recombinant proteins, especially monoclonal antibodies. In these cultures, concentrated feeds are added during cultivation to prevent nutrient depletion, thus extending the cellular growth phase and increasing product concentrations. One limitation in these bioprocesses arises from the low solubility or stability of some compounds at high concentrations, in particular amino acids. This study describes the synthesis and evaluation of a phosphotyrosine disodium salt as a tyrosine source in fed-batch processes. This molecule is highly soluble in concentrated feeds at neutral pH. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that the molecule is cleaved in the cell culture supernatant after processing by released phosphatases, leading to phosphate and free L-tyrosine which can be taken up by the cells. No intact phosphotyrosine was detected intracellularly or incorporated into the sequence of the monoclonal antibody. The use of this new molecule allows the simplification of fed-batch processes in large scale manufacturing via the implementation of neutral pH, highly concentrated feeds.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Meios de Cultura/química , Fosfotirosina/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Sódio/química , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Células CHO , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Fosfotirosina/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Sódio/metabolismo
7.
Environ Microbiol ; 15(1): 191-210, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22882573

RESUMO

Microevolution of closely related Pseudomonas aeruginosa was compared in the clone TB strains TBCF10839 and TBCF121838 which had been isolated from two unrelated individuals with cystic fibrosis who had acquired clone TB during a local outbreak. Compared with the strain PAO1 reference sequence the two clone TB genomes shared 23 155 nucleotide exchanges, 32 out-of-frame indels in the coding region and another repertoire of replacement and genomic islands such as PAGI-1, PAGI-2, PAGI-5, LESGI-1 and LES-prophage 4. Only TBCF121838 carried a genomic island known from Ralstonia pickettii. Six of the seven strain-specific sequence variations in the core genome were detected in genes affecting motility, biofilm formation or virulence, i.e. non-synonymous nucleotide substitutions in mexS, PA3729, PA5017, mifR, a frameshift mutation in pilF (TBCF121838) and an intragenic deletion in pilQ (TBCF10839). Despite their almost identical genome sequence the two strains differed strongly from each other in transcriptome and metabolome profiles, mucin adherence and phagocytosis assays. TBCF121838 was susceptible to killing by neutrophils, but TBCF10839 could grow in leucocytes. Microevolution in P. aeruginosa apparently can generate novel complex traits by few or even single mutations provided that predisposing mutational events had occurred before in the clonal lineage.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística/microbiologia , Variação Genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Metaboloma , Proteoma , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Transcriptoma , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Ilhas Genômicas , Humanos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade
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