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1.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) ; 65(5): 390-398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666475

RESUMO

Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is common in tuberculosis (TB) and may be implicated in the etiology of the disease and in its clinical course. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between leptin, inflammatory markers and VD status in TB patients, stratified for presence or absence of diabetes mellitus (DM). Two hundred ninety-nine TB patients were recruited from October 2015 to August 2016. Also, 91 normal controls were included. The information including socio-demographics, dietary intake and living habits was obtained by face-to-face interview. Serum concentrations of leptin and TNF-α, CRP and IL-6 were compared between TB patients with and without severe VDD (SVDD). Pearson's correlation was used to analyze the association between TNF-α, leptin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). A significantly higher prevalence of VDD and SVDD was observed in TB patients compared with normal controls (93.0% vs 70.3%, 65.9% vs 3.3% respectively). Concentration of leptin was significantly lower, while TNF-α higher in TB patients with SVDD compared to those without (p<0.05). After adjustment for confounders, leptin was positively associated with 25(OH)D (r=0.210, p=0.002) with similar correlation in TB patients with DM (r=0.240, p=0.020). A negative association between TNF-α and 25(OH)D was observed (r=-0.197, p=0.003), which was significant only in the subgroup without DM (r=-0.304, p=0.001). Our findings indicate that a higher VD status in TB patients may be related to higher immune activity and less serious tissue damage, and that this relation is different according to presence or absence of DM co-morbidity.

2.
Nutrients ; 11(11)2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of soy products on the weight of overweight or obese people is controversial, so we aimed to conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials to analyze whether supplementation with soy products can help them to lose weight. METHODS: The relevant data before January 2019 in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched. A random-effect model was adopted to calculate the weighted average difference of net changes of body weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, fat mass, waist circumference, etc. Results: A total of 22 trials (870 overweight or obese participants) were reflected in the present meta-analysis. Analysis showed that soy products significantly reduced body weight, BMI, body fat percent and waist circumference in overweight or obese Asian populations (-0.37 kg, P = 0.010; -0.27 kg/m2, P = 0.042; -0.36%, P = 0.032; -0.35 cm, P = 0.049) and more significant effects were observed in non-menopausal women reduced body weight (-0.59 kg, P = 0.041), BMI (-0.59, P = 0.041) and waist circumference (-0.59 cm, P = 0.041) in overweight or obese populations. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that soy products have weight loss effects, mainly due to soy protein, isoflavone and soy fiber.

3.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 72(4): 243-249, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918145

RESUMO

A case-control study was conducted in Shandong from January to December 2017 to explore the relationship between sleep quality and the risk of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Seventy-nine patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus coincident with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis (DM-PTB) and 169 age, sex, and DM course frequency-matched controls (DM alone) were enrolled. Univariate and multivariable unconditional logistic regression analyses were conducted. We further conducted subgroup analyses to explore the relationship between sleep quality and PTB risk, including DM course (≤5 and >5 years), age, sex, and the presence of overweight or obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 24 kg/m2). Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that poor sleep quality had a borderline negative association with the odds of PTB (P = 0.065). Subgroup multivariate analyses showed that poor sleep quality increased the risk of PTB to more than 3 times among patients with a DM course > 5 years (odds ratio 3.31, 95% confidence interval: 1.08-10.13; P = 0.036) after adjusting for potential confounding factors including residential area, educational level, BMI, history of contact with tuberculosis patients, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical exercise, immune status, and frequency of blood glucose monitoring. In conclusion, poor sleep quality is an independent risk factor of PTB among DM patients with a course of > 5 years, which indicates significant epidemiological implications for PTB control.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Sono , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Risco
4.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(1): 159-170, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466766

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has achieved unprecedented success in the treatment of cancer. However, different patients have different responses to immunotherapy. More and more studies have shown that tumor immune heterogeneity has an important influence on the prognosis of cancer. Therefore, understanding the clinical impact of tumor immune infiltration and the regulatory mechanism of RNA molecules is crucial for exploring the pathogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and the development of immunotherapy protocols.The endogenous competitive RNA hypothesis provides new ideas for studying immune heterogeneity. Therefore, by using the method of immune genomics, this article explores the relationship between immune infiltration and prognosis of patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and found that B-cell immune infiltration highly affects the survival of patients. Through differential analysis, differential mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs were extracted, and 318 differentially expressed mRNAs related to B cell immunity were screened by correlation analysis, and prognosis of patients with COX risk regression model was predicted and analyzed. Through multiple database searches, an immune-related ceRNA regulatory network was constructed, containing 3 key mRNAs, 4 miRNAs, and 50 lncRNAs. Three mRNAs and most miRNAs, lncRNAs, are significantly associated with LUAD prognosis. Bioinformatics analysis of the network showed that LINC00337 may up-regulate the expression of PBK and KIF23 through competitive binding of has-mir-373 and has-mir-519d. The competitive binding of has-mir-373 and has-mir-372 can up-regulate the expression of SLC7A11. The interaction between these RNAs may have an important regulatory role in the immune infiltration in lung adenocarcinoma, thereby affecting the patient's prognosis and immunotherapy efficacy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética
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