Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 450
Filtrar
1.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(2): e23548, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is a crucial part of the nonpharmacological treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but management remains problematic. WeChat could serve as a useful tool in patient management. Baduanjin is a popular exercise in China that is usually applied in pulmonary rehabilitation, which has been confirmed to be effective in improving lung function and life quality. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the efficiency of WeChat in the management of Baduanjin exercise in COPD patients. METHODS: A total of 200 patients from the respiratory department of Putuo Hospital participated in the Baduanjin rehabilitation project from September 2018 to October 2019, and were randomly assigned to the WeChat and control groups and followed up using the WeChat platform or telephone for 12 weeks. The frequency of Baduanjin exercise, lung function (percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 second predicted, FEV1% predicted), and COPD assessment test (CAT) scores were collected and compared between the two groups. The number of message exchanges and a satisfaction survey on the WeChat platform were used to assess the feasibility of WeChat management outside the hospital. RESULTS: The Baduanjin exercise frequency significantly differed between the control group and WeChat group (F=33.82, P<.001) and across various time points (F=214.87, P<.001). After the follow-up on WeChat, there were fewer patients not performing Baduanjin exercise. The FEV1% predicted value significantly differed before and after Baduanjin exercise in the control group (Z=-3.686, P<.001) and the WeChat group (Z=-6.985, P<.001). A significant difference in the FEV1% predicted value was observed after Baduanjin exercise between the two groups (Z=-3.679, P<.001). The CAT score significantly differed before and after Baduanjin exercise in the control group (Z=-4.937, P<.001) and the WeChat group (Z=-5.246, P<.001). A significant difference in the CAT score was observed after Baduanjin exercise between the two groups (Z=-5.246, P<.001). The number of completed Baduanjin exercises, lung function, and CAT scores in active patients were higher than those in nonactive patients. All satisfaction survey items were scored with more than 4 points. Among the items, the highest score (mean 4.54, SD 0.77) was for continued WeChat management, followed by the effective management of Baduanjin exercise (mean 4.46, SD 0.87). The patients in the WeChat group showed much higher enthusiasm for and compliance with Baduanjin exercise, resulting in better life quality and lung function. The patients were very satisfied with the WeChat management because of the obvious curative effect and home feeling. CONCLUSIONS: The WeChat platform provided a feasible, effective, and sustainable management plan for Baduanjin rehabilitation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR1900028248; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=46995.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(3): 1771-1782, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438367

RESUMO

Cyp26a1 had important roles in mouse embryo implantation and was highly expressed in some of NK cells at the human maternal-foetal interface in early pregnancy. However, the regulatory effect of Cyp26a1 on NK cells remains poorly understood. Through qPCR and flow cytometric assays, we found that Cyp26a1 was expressed by mouse uterine NK cells but not spleen NK cells during the peri-implantation period and there was a group of NK cells that highly expressed Cyp26a1, that is Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset. single cell-population transcriptome sequencing on Cyp26a1+ NK and Cyp26a1- NK cell subsets was performed. We found that there were 3957 differentially expressed genes in the Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset with a cut-off of fold change ≥2 and FDR < 0.01, 2509 genes were up-regulated and 1448 genes were down-regulated in Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset. Moreover, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction signalling pathway and natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity signalling pathway were enriched according to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. We further found that the expression of Gzma and Klrg1 was significantly increased and Fcgr4 was significantly decreased when inhibiting Cyp26a1. Our experimental results show that there is a novel NK cell subset of Cyp26a1+ NK cells in mouse uterus and Cyp26a1 can regulate the gene expression of Gzma, Klrg1 and Fcgr4 in the Cyp26a1+ NK cells.

3.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487217

RESUMO

In this study, label-free quantitative proteomics were used to study cold stress-related proteins in Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff., DWR) and cold sensitive cultivated rice 'Xieqingzao B'(Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica cv., XB). The results demonstrated the presence of 101 and 216 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were detected in DWR and XB, respectively, after cold stress. Bioinformatics analysis showed that DWR and XB differed significantly in their ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and regulate energy metabolism. Of the 101 DEPs of DWR, 46 DEPs related to differential expressed genes were also detected by transcriptome analysis. And 13 out of 101 DEPs were located in previous cold related quantitative trait loci (QTL). Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that protein expression and transcription patterns were not similar in XB and DWR. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constituted using the DEPs of DWR and XB, and the following three centre proteins were identified: Q8H3I3, Q9LDN2, and Q2QXR8. Next, we selected a centre protein and two of the 37 DEPs with high levels of differential expression (fold change ≥ 2) were used for cloning and prokaryotic expression. We found that Q5Z9Q8 could significantly improve the cold tolerance of Escherichia coli.

4.
Orthop Surg ; 13(1): 244-252, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term clinical efficacy of TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fractures. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients with unilateral femoral neck fractures who were treated with TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation from September 2017 to May 2018. After at least 2 years of follow-up, the results of treatment, including operation duration, frequency of fluoroscopy use, intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay, medical expense, screw placement accuracy, rate of fracture healing and necrosis of the femoral head, and Harris hip scores at the last follow up, were recorded and compared with those of 83 matched patients who underwent conventional manual positioning surgery. RESULTS: The TiRobot group had longer operation duration (83.3 ± 31.2 min vs 44.1 ± 14.8 min) and higher medical expenses (28,407.1 ± 7498.0 yuan vs 22,672.3 ± 4130.3 yuan) than the conventional group. The TiRobot group had significantly less intraoperative bleeding (11.3 ± 7.3 mL vs 51.6 ± 40.4 mL) and shorter hospital stay (8.6 ± 2.8 days vs 11.1 ± 3.41 days) than the conventional group. Screw parallelism (1.32° ± 1.85° vs 2.54° ± 2.99° on anteroposterior radiograph; 1.42° ± 2.25° vs 3.09° ± 3.63° on lateral radiograph) and distance between screws (58.44 ± 10.52 mm vs 39.69 ± 12.17 mm) were significantly improved. No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of the use of fluoroscopy (40.1 ± 28.5 times vs 38.6 ± 21.0 times) and Harris hip scores at the last follow-up (93.2 ± 10.3 points vs 88.4 ± 11.9 points). Two cannulated screws penetrated the femoral head during manual insertion in the conventional group but not in the TiRobot group. The rate of nonunion and necrosis of the femoral head in the TiRobot group was reduced compared with that in the conventional group (0 vs 7.2%; 6.0% vs 24.1%). CONCLUSION: TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation of femoral neck fractures is accurate and minimally invasive and helps in reducing late complications, particularly necrosis of the femoral head and nonunion of fractures.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24121, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common chronic disease of the nasal mucosa globally. Several clinical studies have shown that sanfu acupoint herbal patching (SAHP) has obvious advantages in treating AR. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of SAHP for treating AR. METHOD: The following 9 electronic databases will be searched from January 2010 to October 2020: PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Database, WANFANG Database, China Biology Medicine disc. The selection of the studies and the extraction of the data are independently completed by 2 reviewers. The qualities of the studies are evaluated by Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The main outcome of included studies is total effective rate. Secondary outcomes are Total Nasal Symptom Score, recurrence rate, Rhinitis Quality of Life Questionnaire, adverse events and laboratory indicators: serum immunoglobulin E (IgE). And the STATA 14.0 software will be implemented for data synthesis and meta-analysis. RESULTS: The review is ongoing, no results can be reported. CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review will provide a better option for patients to treat AR. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020100101.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Protocolos Clínicos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Ecotoxicology ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432458

RESUMO

Long-term frequent tillage would cause black soil degradation and serious soil erosion as soil microbial communities and soil structure are extremely sensitive to tillage process. However, there is no unified conclusion on the relationship between the distribution of soil water-stable aggregates (WSAs), and microbial community construction and diversity under long-term tillage in black soil during different seasons. In this study, we used wet-sieving method to evaluate the composition and stability of soil WSAs and employed Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology to study the diversity, taxonomic composition and co-occurrence network properties of microbial community, comparing outcomes between uncultivated soil and long-term cultivated soil for 60 years in Keshan farm of Heilongjiang Province. The results showed that after long-term tillage, the proportion of larger than 1 mm WSAs reduced by 34.17-51.37%, and the stability of WSAs, soil pH, organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN) contents decreased significantly in all seasons (P < 0.05), while soil available phosphorus (AP) and available potassium (AK) contents increased remarkably (P < 0.05). The diversity of bacteria increased, while that of fungi decreased. Soil fungal communities were more susceptible to long-term tillage than bacterial and archaeal communities. Actinobacteria mainly exist in large WSAs (˃1 mm), and when their relative abundance is high, it is beneficial to improve the water-stability of black soil; while Proteobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes may exist in small WSAs (˂1 mm), whose high relative abundance will weaken the water-stability of black soil. The experimental results provide a scientific theoretical basis for sustainable utilization of black soil.

7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 119: 111613, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321656

RESUMO

Construction of biomimetic microenvironment is vital to understand the relationship between matrix mechanical cues and cell fate, as well as to explore potential tissue engineering scaffolds for clinical application. In this study, through the enzymatic mineralizable collagen hydrogel system, we established the biomimetic bone matrix which was capable of realizing mechanical regulation independent of mineralization by incorporation of phosphorylated molecules (vinylphosphonic acid, VAP). Then, based on the biomimetic mineralized matrix with same composition but significantly different mechanical stiffness, we further investigated the effect of matrix stiffness on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). The results clearly demonstrated that biomimetic mineralized microenvironment with higher mechanical strength promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Further mechanism analysis demonstrated that the mineralized hydrogel with higher stiffness promoted cytoskeletal assembly, which enhanced the expression and nuclear colocalization of YAP and RUNX2, thereby promoted the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. This study supplies a promising material platform not only for bone tissue engineering but also for exploring the mechanism of biomimetic bone matrix mechanics on osteogenesis.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290156

RESUMO

Theobromine, a methylxanthine present in cocoa, has been shown to possess many beneficial pharmacological properties such as anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammatory property, and anti-microbial activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of theobromine on NAFLD and the possible underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that theobromine reduced body weight, fat mass and improved dyslipidemia. Theobromine decreased liver weight, mitigated liver injury, and significantly reduced hepatic TG level in mice with obesity. Histological examinations also showed hepatic steatosis was alleviated after theobromine treatment. Furthermore, theobromine reversed the elevated mRNA and protein expression of SREBP-1c, FASN, CD36, FABP4 and the suppressed expression of PPARα, CPT1a in the liver of mice with obesity, which were responsible for lipogenesis, fatty acid uptake and fatty acid oxidation respectively. In vitro, theobromine also downregulated SREBP-1c, FASN, CD36, FABP4 and upregulated PPARα, CPT1a mRNA and protein levels in hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner, while these changes were reversed by L-Leucine, an mTOR agonist. The present study demonstrated that theobromine improved NAFLD by inhibiting lipogenesis, fatty acid uptake and promoting fatty acid oxidation in the liver and hepatocytes, which might be associated with its suppression of mTOR signaling pathway.

9.
Insects ; 11(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261171

RESUMO

Psocids are a new risk for global food security and safety because they are significant worldwide pests of stored products. Among these psocids, Liposcelis bostrychophila has developed high levels of resistance or tolerance to heat treatment in grain storage systems, and thus has led to investigation of molecular mechanisms underlying heat tolerance in this pest. In this study, the time-related effects of thermal stress treatments at relatively high temperatures on the activities of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidases (POD), glutathione-S-transferases (GST) and malondialdehyde (MDA), of L. bostrychophila were determined. Thermal stress resulted that L. bostrychophila had a significantly higher MDA concentration at 42.5 °C, which indicated that the heat stress increased lipid peroxidation (LPO) contents and oxidative stress in this psocid pest. Heat stress also resulted in significant elevation of SOD, CAT and GST activities but decreased POD activity. Our data indicates that different antioxidant enzymes contribute to defense mechanisms, counteracting oxidative damage in varying levels. POD play minor roles in scavenging deleterious LPO, while enhanced SOD, CAT and GST activities in response to thermal stress likely play a more important role against oxidative damage. Here, we firstly identified five LbHsps (four LbHsp70s and one LbHsp110) from psocids, and most of these LbHsps (except LbHsp70-1) are highly expressed at fourth instar nymph and adults, and LbHsp70-1 likely presents as a cognate form of HSP due to its non-significant changes of expression. Most LbHsp70s (except LbHsp70-4) are significantly induced at moderate high temperatures (<40 °C) and decreased at extreme high temperatures (40-45 °C), but LbHsp110-1 can be significantly induced at all high temperatures. Results of this study suggest that the LbHsp70s and LbHsp110 genes are involved in tolerance to thermal stress in L. bostrychophila, and antioxidant enzymes and heat shock proteins may be coordinately involved in the tolerance to thermal stress in psocids.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23728, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease in which patients are overweight due to the excessive accumulation of fat in the body. As a subtype of acupuncture, catgut embedding at acupoints has increased in clinical application for obesity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupoint catgut embedding therapy for simple obesity. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Electronic searches of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Springer Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan-Fang Data (WANFANG), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP databases) will be performed. The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Center and the ClinicalTrials.gov registry will also be searched for ongoing trials. Databases will be searched from inception to August 2020.Randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) will be included if acupoint catgut embedding was evaluated as the sole treatment (diet or exercise therapy as the control group will be allowed) for simple obesity. The primary outcomes will consist of the improvement rate and reduction in body weight (BW). The secondary outcomes will include body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fat percentage (F %) and adverse effects. Two reviewers will undertake the study selection, data extraction and assessments of study quality. After screening the studies, the quality of the included studies will be assessed according to the quality criteria specified by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (version 5.1.0). Meta-analysis will be performed by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: According to the data of improvement rate and reduction in BW, BMI, WC, and F %, this study will provide an evidence-based review of acupoint catgut embedding therapy for simply. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review will present the current evidence for acupoint catgut embedding therapy for obesity. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not necessary since this protocol is only for systematic review and does not involve privacy data. The findings of this study will be disseminated electronically through a peer-review publication or presented at a relevant conference. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020110045.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Categute , Obesidade/terapia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Perda de Peso
11.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(1)2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374276

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination widely occurs in various feed ingredients and food crops, potentially posing a serious health threat to animals. In this research, 1260 juvenile grass carp were separately fed with seven distinct experimental diets (0, 406, 795, 1209, 1612, 2003 and 2406 µg of OTA/kg of diet) for 60 consecutive days to evaluate OTA's toxic effect on the intestinal apical junctional complex (including the tight junction (TJ) and the adherents junction (AJ)) and the underlying action mechanisms. Our experiment firstly confirmed that OTA caused fish growth retardation and disrupted the intestinal structural integrity. The detailed results show that OTA (1) depressed the feed efficiency, percentage weight gain and specific growth rate; (2) accumulated in the intestine; (3) caused oxidative damage and increased intestinal permeability; and (4) induced the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway, destroying intestinal apical junctional complexes. Notably, OTA intervention did not result in changes in the gene expression of claudin-3c (in the proximal intestine (PI)), claudin-b and ZO-2b (in the mid intestine (MI) and distal intestine (DI)) in the fish intestine.

12.
Econ Disaster Clim Chang ; : 1-52, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319165

RESUMO

We present a formal analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S., China and the rest of the world. Given the uncertainty regarding the severity and time-path of the infections and related conditions, we examine three scenarios, ranging from a relatively moderate event to a disaster. The study considers a comprehensive list of causal factors affecting the impacts, including: mandatory closures and the gradual re-opening process; decline in workforce due to morbidity, mortality and avoidance behavior; increased demand for health care; decreased demand for public transportation and leisure activities; potential resilience through telework; increased demand for communication services; and increased pent-up demand. We apply a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, a state-of-the-art economy-wide modeling technique. It traces the broader economic ramifications of individual responses of producers and consumers through supply chains both within and across countries. We project that the net U.S. GDP losses from COVID-19 would range from $3.2 trillion (14.8%) to $4.8 trillion (23.0%) in a 2-year period for the three scenarios. U.S. impacts are estimated to be higher than those for China and the ROW in percentage terms. The major factor affecting the results in all three scenarios is the combination of Mandatory Closures and Partial Reopenings of businesses. These alone would have resulted in a 22.3% to 60.6% decrease in U.S. GDP across the scenarios. Pent-up Demand, generated from the inability to spend during the Closures/Reopenings, is the second most influential factor, significantly offsetting the overall negative impacts.

13.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0238883, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201879

RESUMO

The combination of chemical fertilizer and biochar is regarded as a useful soil supplement for improving the properties of soil and crop yields, and this study describes how the biochar of maize straw can be used to improve the quality of the degraded black soil. This has been achieved by examining the effects of combining different amounts of biochar with chemical fertilizer on the porosities and aggregate formation of soil and exploring how these changes positively impact on crop yields. A field trial design combining different amounts of maize straw biochar [0 (NPK), 15.75 (BC1), 31.5 (BC2), and 47.25 t ha-1 (BC3)] with a chemical fertilizer (NPK) has been used to investigate changes in the formation of soil aggregate, clay content, soil organic carbon (SOC), and crop yields in Chinese black soil over a three year period from 2013 to 2015. The results of this study show that the addition of fertilizer and biochar in 2013 to black soil results in an increased soybean and maize yields from 2013 to 2015 for all the treatments, with BC1/BC2 affording improved crop yields in 2015, while BC3 gave a lower soybean yield in 2015. Total porosities and pore volumes were increased for BC1 and BC2 treatments but relatively decreased for BC3, which could be attributed to increased soil capillary caused by the presence of higher numbers of fine soil particles. The addition of biochar had a positive influence on the numbers and mean weight diameters (MWD) of soil macroaggregates (>0.25 mm) that were present, with the ratio of SOC to TN in soil macroaggregates found to be greater than in the microaggregates. The most significant amount of carbon present in macroaggregates (>2 mm and 0.25-2 mm) was observed when BC2 was applied as a soil additive. Increasing the levels of maze straw biochar to 47.25 t ha-1 led to an increase in the total organic carbon of soil, however, the overall amount of macroaggregates and MWD were decreased, which is possibly due to localized changes in microbial habitat. The supplementation of biochar increased in the amount of aromatic C present (most significant effect observed for BC2), with the ratio of aliphatic C to aromatic C found to be enhanced due to a relative reduction in the aliphatic C content with >2 mm particle fraction. These changes in organic carbon content and soil stability were analyzed using univariate quadratic equations to explain the relationship between the type of functional groups (polysaccharide C, aliphatic C, aromatic C, aliphatic C/aromatic C) present in the soil aggregates and their MWDs, which were found to vary significantly. Overall, the results of this study indicate that the use of controlled amounts of maize-straw biochar in black soil is beneficial for improving crop yields and levels of soil aggregation, however, the use of excessive amounts of biochar results in unfavorable aggregate formation which negatively impacts the yields of crop growth. The data produced suggest that aromatic C content can be used as a single independent variable to characterize the stability of soil aggregate when biochar/fertilizer mixtures are used as soil additives to boost growth yields. Analysis of soil and crop performance in black soil revealed that the application of maize-straw biochar at a rate of 15.75 and 31.5 t ha-1 had positive effects on crop yields, soil aggregation and accumulation of aromatic C in the aggregate fractions when a soybean-maize rotation system was followed over three years.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(48): e23390, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catgut implantation at acupoints (CIA) is a subtype of acupuncture that has been widely used to treat simple obesity, but evidence for its effectiveness remains scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of treating simple obesity with CIA. OBJECTIVE: This clinical trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of CIA used for treatment of simple obesity. METHODS: This is a multicentre, randomized, parallel, sham-controlled clinical trial. A total of 216 patients with simple obesity will be recruited. They will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either the CIA group or the sham control group. All treatments will be given once every 2 weeks. The primary outcome measure is the rate of waistline reduction. Secondary outcome measures are the rates of reduction of body measurements, including weight, body mass index (BMI), hipline, waist-hip-ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BFP), the changes in scores on scales, including the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life Questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite), Short Form 36 (SF-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Outcomes will be evaluated at baseline and at weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 28, and 40, respectively. All adverse events that occur during this study will be recorded. If any participant withdraws from the trial, an intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) will be performed. CONCLUSION: This is a randomized, sham-controlled trial of CIA treatment for simple obesity. The results of this trial will provide more evidence on whether CIA is efficacious and safe for treating obesity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02936973. Registered on October 18, 2016.

15.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104820

RESUMO

An alkaliphilic actinobacterial strain, designated Hz 6-5T, was isolated from saline-alkaline soil from Songnen Plain in north-eastern China. The isolate formed light yellow-colored colonies and its cells were Gram-staining positive, non-motile, and non-spore-forming short rods. The strain was aerobic with optimal growth at 33 °C, pH 9.0, and in the presence of 0.5% (w/v) NaCl or 3% (w/v) KCl. It was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The isolate had highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of the species Nesternkonia natronophila M8T (98.2%), N. salmonea GY074T (98.1%), and N. sphaerica GY239T (97.4%), and the isolate formed a subclade with the type strains of these species in the neighbor-joining tree based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences. The phylogenetic tree based on the phylogenomic analysis also showed the same results. The DNA‒DNA relatedness (DDH) values of isolate Hz 6-5T with N. natronophila M8T, N. halophila DSM 16378T, and N. halobia CGMCC 1.2323T were 21.2%, 36.5%, and 32.0%, respectively. The characteristic diamino acid of strain Hz 6-5T was found to be lysine. The respiratory quinones were MK-9, MK-8, MK-7(H4), MK-7(H2) and MK-7 and the major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) were anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C16:0. The polar lipids detected for strain Hz 6-5T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, an unidentified glycolipid, and two unidentified phospholipids. The DNA G + C content of isolate Hz 6-5T was 60.8%. Based on the results of phylogenetic analysis supported by morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic, and other differentiating phenotypic evidence, strain Hz 6-5T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia haasae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Hz 6-5T (=CPCC 205100T=NBRC 113521T).

16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 107(Pt A): 309-323, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096248

RESUMO

The immune function of immune organs is extremely crucial for maintaining organism health status, which ultimately affects fish growth. Our previous study has found that dietary supplementation of (2-carboxyethyl)dimethylsulfonium Bromide (Br-DMPT) in non-fish meal (NFM) diet could promote the growth of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), whereas the underlying reason or mechanism for this results is largely unclear. Herein, we further explored whether dietary supplementation of Br-DMPT promoted fish growth is connected with the enhanced immune function in the immune organs (the head kidney, spleen and skin). In this study, 540 fish (216.49 ± 0.29 g) were irregularly distributed to six groups with three replicates (30 fish replicate-1) and fed corresponding diets group containing a fish meal (FM) diet group and five different NFM diets supplemented with gradational Br-DMPT (0-520.0 mg/kg level) group for 60 days. After the 60-days feeding trial, 8 fish from each replicate were selected and then conducted a challenge test with A. hydrophila for 14 days. Our results indicated that in the NFM diets, appropriate Br-DMPT: (1) significantly decreased the morbidity of skin haemorrhage and lesion after A. hydrophila infection (P < 0.05). (2) significantly improved the innate and adaptive immune components (lysozyme, complement 3, immunoglobulin M and antibacterial peptides et al.) (P < 0.05). (3) increased the gene expressions of main anti-inflammatory cytokines partially by referring to TOR signalling pathway, and decreased the gene expressions of main pro-inflammatory cytokines partially by referring to NF-kB signalling pathway (P < 0.05). Strikingly, no statistical difference could be found in the most of above immune parameters between 260.0 mg/kg Br-DMPT diet group and FM diet group (P > 0.05). Taken together, in non-fish meal diet, appropriate supplementation of Br-DMPT could improve the disease resistance capacity, non-specific immunity and ameliorate inflammation, and simultaneously could mitigate these adverse effects induced by the non-fish meal diet in fish immune organs. Moreover, this study may be helpful to decipher the underlying mechanisms of how Br-DMPT promote fish growth by immune organs and also provide scientific theoretical evidence for the future application of Br-DMPT as a new immunopotentiator in aquaculture industry.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; : 142841, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077217

RESUMO

Biochar and woody peat have been recognized as an additive to reduce carbon and nitrogen loss during composting. Yet little is known about their influences on the transformation of phosphorus (P) fractions in composting. This study investigated the quantitative and qualitative changes in different P forms during composting with adding biochar or woody peat using sequential extraction and P K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES). The results showed that compost products from the treatment with adding woody peat had a higher HA/FA (the ratio of humic acid to fulvic acid) compared to biochar treatment and the control, suggesting that the addition of woody peat might benefit the humification process of composting. Sequential extraction and XANES illustrated that adding biochar or woody peat limited the P availability. Biochar increased the proportion of Pi and woody peat decreased the conversion from Po to Pi compared to the control. Structural equation modeling and redundancy analysis suggested that biochar improved the refractory P based on the indirect effects of NH4+-N by regulating microbial community, while woody peat was beneficial for Po accumulation by affecting humic acid. Taken together, this research provides basis for regulating the nutrient level of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in composts and reducing environmental risks.

18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Moxibustão , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Consulta Remota , Pontos de Acupuntura , Betacoronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
19.
Nutr J ; 19(1): 111, 2020 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism may play a key role in pancreatic carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the association between pancreatic cancer risk and intake or blood levels of vitamins B6, B12 and methionine via meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Knowledge and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) up to April 2020 to identify relevant studies. Risk estimates and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were retrieved from the studies and combined by a random-effect model. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies were included in this meta-analysis on the association of vitamin B6, B12 and methionine with pancreatic cancer risk. The combined risk estimate (95% CI) of pancreatic cancer for the highest vs lowest category of vitamin B6 intake and blood pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP, active form of vitamin B6) levels was 0.63 (0.48-0.79) and 0.65 (0.52-0.79), respectively. The results indicated a non-linear dose-response relationship between vitamin B6 intake and pancreatic risk. Linear dose-response relationship was found, and the risk of pancreatic cancer decreased by 9% for every 10 nmol/L increment in blood PLP levels. No significant association were found between pancreatic cancer risk and vitamin B12 intake, blood vitamin B12 levels, methionine intake and blood methionine levels. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that high intake of vitamin B6 and high concentration of blood PLP levels may be protective against the development of pancreatic cancer. Further research are warranted to confirm the results.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 539669, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013777

RESUMO

Increased inorganic nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) additions expected in the future will endanger the biodiversity and stability of agricultural ecosystems. In this context, a long-term fertilizer experiment (37 years) was set up in the black soil of northeast China. We examined interaction impacts of elevated fertilizer and host selection processes on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) communities in wheat rhizosphere soil using the Illumina MiSeq platform. The soil samples were subjected to five fertilization regimes: no fertilizer (CK) and low N (N1), low N plus low P (N1P1), high N (N2), and high N plus high P (N2P2) fertilizer. Long-term fertilization resulted in a significant shift in rhizosphere soil nutrient concentrations. The N fertilization (N1 and N2) did not significantly change rhizosphere AMF species diversity, but N plus P fertilization (N1P1 and N2P2) decreased it compared with CK. Non-metric multidimensional scaling showed that the rhizosphere AMF communities in CK, N1, N2, N1P1 and N2P2 treatments were distinct from each other. The AMF communities were predominantly composed of Glomeraceae, accounting for 30.0-39.1% of the sequences, and the relative abundance of family Glomeraceae was more abundance in fertilized soils, while family Paraglomeraceae were increased in N1 and N2 compared with CK. Analysis shown that AMF diversity was directly affected by soil C:P ratio but indirectly affected by plant under long-term fertilization. Overall, the results indicated that long-term N and P fertilization regimes changed rhizosphere AMF diversity and community composition, and rhizosphere AMF diversity was both affected by soil C:P ratio and plant.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA