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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 436: 129268, 2022 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739783

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a common hazardous food contaminant that seriously endangers human and animal health. However, limited study is focused on aquatic animal. This research investigated the multiple biotoxicity of OTA on spleen (SP) and head kidney (HK) in grass carp and its related mechanism. Our data showed that, dietary supplemented with OTA above 1209 µg/kg caused histopathological damages by decreasing the number of lymphocytes and necrotizing renal parenchymal cells. Meanwhile, OTA caused oxidative damage and reduced the isoforms mRNAs transcripts of antioxidant enzymes (e.g., GPX1, GPX4, GSTO) partly due to suppressing NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). OTA triggered apoptosis through mitochondria and death receptor pathway potentially by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) activation. Besides, OTA exacerbated inflammation by down-regulation of anti-inflammatory factor (e.g., IL-10, IL-4) and up-regulations of pro-inflammatory factors (e.g., TNF-α, IL-6), which could be ascribed to signaling meditation of Janus kinase / signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT). Additionally, the safe upper limits of OTA were estimated to be 677.6 and 695.08 µg/kg based on the immune-related indexes (C3 contents in the SP and LZ activities in the HK, respectively). Our study has provided a wide insight for toxicological assessment of feed pollutant in aquatic animals.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Aeromonas hydrophila/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Apoptose , Carpas/metabolismo , Dieta , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Ocratoxinas , Estresse Oxidativo
2.
Yonsei Med J ; 63(7): 619-631, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35748073

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic diseases, including obesity and diabetes, and has gradually become the most common cause of chronic liver disease. We investigated the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor canagliflozin on NAFLD in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice and possible underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal-diet, HFD, or HFD with canagliflozin for 14 weeks. AML-12 hepatocytes were treated with canagliflozin. Expression of related pathways was assessed. RESULTS: Canagliflozin administration reduced body weight and fat mass, compared with HFD alone. Canagliflozin improved glucose and lipid metabolic disorders. Compared with HFD-fed mice, liver weight, serum alanine transaminase (ALT) levels, and hepatic lipid accumulation were decreased after canagliflozin administration. Additionally, canagliflozin upregulated lipolysis markers (CPT1a, ACOX1, and ACADM), downregulated lipogenesis markers (SREBP-1c and FASN), and suppressed the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, MCP1, IL-1ß, and IL-6), consistent with significantly increased LC3 II/I and Atg7 levels in the liver following canagliflozin treatment. In vitro, canagliflozin increased CPT1a, ACOX1, and ACADM expression, decreased SREBP-1c and FASN protein expression, and reduced TNFα, MCP1, IL-1ß, and IL-6 mRNA levels in lipid mixture (LM)-induced hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner. These changes were reversed by 3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that canagliflozin ameliorates the pathogenesis of NAFLD by regulating lipid metabolism and inhibiting inflammation, which may be associated with its promotion of autophagy.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Autofagia , Canagliflozina/metabolismo , Canagliflozina/farmacologia , Canagliflozina/uso terapêutico , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
3.
Mater Horiz ; 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723211

RESUMO

A flexible non-transient electrical platform that can realize bidirectional neural communication from living tissues is of great interest in neuroscience to better understand basic neuroscience and the nondrug therapy of diseases or disorders. The development of soft, biocompatible, and conductive neural interface with mechanical coupling and efficient electrical exchange is a new trend but remains a challenge. Herein, we designed a multifunctional neural electrical communication platform in the form of a mechanically compliant, electrically conductive, and biocompatible hydrogel electrode. Silk fibroin (SF) obtained from Bombyx Mori cocoons was compounded with aldehyde-hyaluronic acid (HA-CHO) with a dynamic network to delay or interrupt the ß-sheet-induced hardening of SF chains, resulting in the fabrication of a hydrogel matrix that is mechanically matched to biological tissues. Moreover, the incorporation of functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) facilitated interaction and dispersion and enabled the formation of a hydrogel electrode with a high-current percolation network, thus contributing toward improving the electrical properties in terms of conductivity, impedance, and charge storage capabilities. These advances allow high-efficiency stimulation and the recording of neural signals during in vivo implantation. Overall, a wide range of animal experiments demonstrate that the platform exhibits minimal foreign body responses, thus showing it to be a promising electrophysiology interface for potential applications in neuroscience.

4.
Food Chem X ; 14: 100346, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663596

RESUMO

Three covalent organic polymers (COPs) were successfully fabricated by room-temperature solvent-free mechanochemical grinding method between 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (TP) and p-phenyl enediamine (COP1), benzidine (COP2), 4, 4″-diamino-p-terphenyl (COP3), and followed by coprecipitation on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles to form three corresponding magnetic Tp-series COPs. The fabricated magnetic COPs were evaluated and then applied for the extraction of phthalate esters from food samples before gas chromatography-tandem spectrometry analysis. Magnetic COP2 exhibited the highest extraction efficiency, which can be attributed to its larger pore size, and its strong hydrophobic and π-π interactions with phthalate esters. The method possessed good linearity (10-1000 µg·kg-1), high sensitivity (0.29-2.59 µg·kg-1 for LODs and 0.97-8.63 µg·kg-1 for LOQs), and satisfactory recoveries (70.2-108.1%) with relative standard deviations lower than 5.2%. This method has potentials for high efficient separation/preconcentration of hydrophobic phthalate esters from foods.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700320

RESUMO

Isomers with minimal structural dissimilarities are promising research objects to obtain a comprehensive understanding of structure-property relationships; however, comparability of isomeric structures is a prerequisite. Herein, two quasi-structurally isomeric 13-nuclei copper nanoclusters (Cu NCs) (Cu13a and Cu13b) containing highly similar Cu13 kernels and different arrangements of peripheral ligands were obtained using a solvent-induced strategy. The exotic chloride ion is shown to play a prominent role in inducing the selective formation of two quasi-isomers, where the comparative study to establish a structure-property relationship was realized. Due to the charge transition from chlorine to the copper core (X(Cl)M(Cu)CT), the molecular oxygen activation of Cu13a showed higher singlet oxygen (1O2) and lower superoxide radical (O2•-) yields compared to those of Cu13b, which gives it better catalytic selectivity for the 1O2 involved selective oxidation of sulfides. The present work not only offers a controllable strategy for the rational design and synthesis of quasi-structurally isomeric Cu NCs but also provides a pathway to boost catalytic selectivity by a halogen to metal core charge transition.

6.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728929

RESUMO

Using two monomers of 4, 4″-diamino-p-terphenyl and 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol, a co-precipitation structured magnetic covalent organic framework adsorbent was fabricated. After that, a high efficient vortex-assisted magnetic solid phase extraction method was developed prior to gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis for determination of phthalate esters in milk samples. The fabricated magnetic adsorbent was facilely fabricated, fully characterized, and exhibited high extraction efficiency, which can be attributed to its larger pore size as well as strong hydrophobic and π-π stacking interactions between adsorbent and phthalate esters. Key parameters affecting extraction efficiency were investigated. Under the optimized conditions, the proposed method possessed good linearity (3.0-1000 µg L-1 ), high sensitivity (0.8-2.1 µg L-1 for limits of detection), and satisfactory recoveries (76.8-99.2%). The relative standard deviations for intra-day was 3.1-4.5%, and inter-day was 3.3-6.1%. This work is suitable for high efficient separation/preconcentration of phthalate esters in milk samples. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707466

RESUMO

The inflorescence of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat., a well-known traditional Chinese herb, has been proved to have a certain inhibitory effect on some bacteria; however, its main components and acne bacteria inhibition effect remain to be elucidated. In this study, GC-MS was used to analyze the components of different flowering stages and different parts and to study the inhibitory effects of six essential oils on S. aureus and P. acnes and their alleviating effects on THP-1 cell inflammation. GC-MS combined with relative retention index method analyzed results stated that the 5 samples of C. morifolium to detect the 124 kinds of volatile components, including (E)-tibetin spiroether, are first detected in the volatile oil of the C. morifolium, and the content of (E)-tibetin spiroether is higher in immature inflorescence of C. morifolium and decreases as it extends its flowering period. Furthermore, the research results of inhibiting common acne-causing bacteria showed that the bacteriostatic effect of essential oils from JH at different flowering stages was better than that from JM and TJ, while the bacteriostatic effect of essential oil from stem and leaf of C. morifolium (SLC) at different parts was better than the roots of C. morifolium (RC). Finally, it was proved that the essential oil from SLC and C. morifolium could alleviate the inflammation of THP-1 cells induced by P. acnes. In conclusion, the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of C. morifolium essential oil may be related to heterospiroolefins compounds, and the antibacterial activity decreases with the prolongation of flowering stage. It was suggested that volatile oil from C. morifolium and SLC could be used as effective components of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory cosmetics.

8.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(5)2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35624670

RESUMO

Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) are a type of functional oligosaccharide which have received increased attention because of their beneficial effects on fish intestinal health. However, intestinal structural integrity is a necessary prerequisite for intestinal health. This study focused on exploring the protective effects of dietary MOS supplementation on the grass carp's (Ctenopharyngodon idella) intestinal structural integrity (including tight junction (TJ) and adherent junction (AJ)) and its related signalling molecule mechanism. A total of 540 grass carp (215.85 ± 0.30 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of dietary MOS supplementation (0, 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mg/kg) for 60 days. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. We used ELISA, spectrophotometry, transmission electron microscope, immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR and Western blotting to determine the effect of dietary MOS supplementation on intestinal structural integrity and antioxidant capacity. The results revealed that dietary MOS supplementation protected the microvillus of the intestine; reduced serum diamine oxidase and d-lactate levels (p < 0.05); enhanced intestinal total antioxidant capacity (p < 0.01); up-regulated most intestinal TJ and AJ mRNA levels; and decreased GTP-RhoA protein levels (p < 0.01). In addition, we also found several interesting results suggesting that MOS supplementation has no effects on ZO-2 and Claudin-15b. Overall, these findings suggested that dietary MOS supplementation could protect intestinal ultrastructure, reduce intestinal mucosal permeability and maintain intestinal structural integrity via inhibiting MLCK and RhoA/ROCK signalling pathways.

9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 833455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401542

RESUMO

In this study, we have investigated the influence of vitamin A on gill barrier function of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) infected with Flavobacterium columnare. The fish were fed different concentrations of vitamin A diets for 10 weeks and then infected with F. columnare by immersion. We observed that optimal vitamin A significantly prevented gill rot morbidity in fish infected with F. columnare. Further investigations revealed that vitamin A boosted the gill immunity by increasing the contents of complements (C3 and C4), activities of acid phosphatase (ACP) and lysozyme, mRNAs of ß-defensin-1, liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2A and 2B (LEAP-2A and LEAP-2B), hepcidin, and anti-inflammatory cytokines like transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1), TGF-ß2, interleukin-10 (IL-10), and IL-11. It also enhanced the levels of various related signaling molecules including inhibitor protein κBα (IκBα), target of rapamycin (TOR), and ribosome protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) but downregulated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1ß, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interferon γ2 (IFN-γ2) and related signaling molecules including nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κB p65) (rather than NF-κB p52), IκB kinase ß (IKKß), IKKγ (rather than IKKα), eIF4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), and 4E-BP2 mRNA levels in fish gills. In addition, dietary vitamin A markedly lowered the concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and protein carbonyl (PC), increased both the activities and mRNAs of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/ZnSOD), MnSOD, glutathione transferases (GSTs), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR) associated with upregulation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) mRNAs and downregulation of Kelch-like-ECH-associated protein (Keap1a) and Keap1b mRNAs. Moreover, vitamin A decreased the mRNAs of different apoptotic mediators [caspases 8, 9, 3 (rather than 7)] associated with downregulation of signaling molecule p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) mRNAs in fish gills. Besides, vitamin A promoted tight junction (TJ) complex mRNAs [including claudin-b, -c, -3, -7, -12, occludin, and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1)] that have been linked to the downregulation of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) signaling. Taken together, the current study demonstrated for the first time that vitamin A markedly enhanced gill health associated with immune modulation and physical barrier protection. Based on protecting fish against gill rot morbidity, ACP activity, and against lipid peroxidation, optimum vitamin A concentrations in on-growing grass carp (262-997 g) were found to be 1,991, 2,188, and 2,934 IU/kg diet, respectively.


Assuntos
Carpas , Brânquias , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Carpas/metabolismo , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Flavobacterium , Vitamina A/metabolismo
10.
Lab Invest ; 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440759

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in many lung diseases. This study aimed to investigate the role of circHECTD1 in acute lung injury (ALI). The mouse and cell models of ALI were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) was detected by flow cytometry. The relationships between circHECTD1, miRNAs, and target genes were assessed by RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter gene, and RNA-FISH assays. circHECTD1 was downregulated in LPS-induced human and mouse AECs (HBE and MLE-12). The knockdown of circHECTD1 increased the apoptotic rates and the expressions of miR-136 and miR-320a, while its overexpression caused opposite effects in LPS-induced HBE and MLE-12 cells. Mechanistically, circHECTD1 bound to miR-320a and miR-136. miR-320a targeted PIK3CA and mediated the effect of circHECTD1 on PIK3CA expression. miR-136 targeted Sirt1 and mediated the effect of circHECTD1 on Sirt1 expression. Silencing PIK3CA and/or Sirt1 reversed the effect of circHECTD1 overexpression on the apoptosis of LPS-induced HBE and MLE-12 cells. In vivo, overexpression of circHECTD1 alleviated the LPS-induced ALI of mice. Our findings suggested that circHECTD1 inhibits the apoptosis of AECs through miR-320a/PIK3CA and miR-136/Sirt1 pathways in LPS-induced ALI.

11.
DNA Res ; 29(2)2022 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438173

RESUMO

Cercidoideae, one of the six subfamilies of Leguminosae, contains one genus Cercis with its chromosome number 2n = 14 and all other genera with 2n = 28. An allotetraploid origin hypothesis for the common ancestor of non-Cercis genera in this subfamily has been proposed; however, no chromosome-level genomes from Cercidoideae have been available to test this hypothesis. Here, we conducted a chromosome-level genome assembly of Bauhinia variegata to test this hypothesis. The assembled genome is 326.4 Mb with the scaffold N50 of 22.1 Mb and contains 37,996 protein-coding genes. The Ks distribution between gene pairs in the syntenic regions indicates two whole-genome duplications (WGDs): one is B. variegata-specific, and the other is shared among core eudicots. Although Ks between gene pairs generated by the recent WGD in Bauhinia is greater than that between Bauhinia and Cercis, the WGD was not detected in Cercis, which can be explained by an accelerated evolutionary rate in Bauhinia after divergence from Cercis. Ks distribution and phylogenetic analysis for gene pairs generated by the recent WGD in Bauhinia and their corresponding orthologs in Cercis support the allopolyploidy origin hypothesis of Bauhinia. The genome of B. variegata also provides a genomic resource for dissecting genetic basis of its ornamental traits.


Assuntos
Bauhinia , Fabaceae , Bauhinia/genética , Evolução Biológica , Cromossomos , Fabaceae/genética , Filogenia
12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 770969, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359991

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effects of threonine (Thr) on immunoregulation in vivo and in vitro of teleost grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Juveniles (9.53 ± 0.02 g) were reared for 8 weeks with respective Thr diet (3.99, 7.70, 10.72, 14.10, 17.96, and 21.66 g/kg) and then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for in vivo study. Macrophages isolated from head kidney were treated in vitro for 48 h with L-Thr (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, and 8.0 mM) after 6 h of lipopolysaccharide induction. The results showed that, compared with Thr deficiency (3.99 g/kg), the optimal dietary Thr (14.10g/kg) affected the immunocyte activation in the head kidney (HK) and spleen (SP) by downregulating the mRNA expressions of MHC-II and upregulating CD4 (not CD8), and it mediated the innate immune by enhancing the activities of lysozyme (LZ), acid phosphatase content of complement 3 (C3) and C4, increasing the mRNA abundances of hepcidin, liver expressed antimicrobial peptide-2A (LEAP-2A), LEAP-2B, ß-defensin1, downregulating tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-12p35, IL-12p40, IL-17AF1, and IL-17D partly by attenuating RORγ1 transcriptional factor and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κBp65) signaling cascades [IKKß/IκBα/NF-κBp65] and upregulating transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1), IL-4/13A, -4/13B, IL-10, and IL-22 partly by GATA-3. Besides these, the optimal dietary Thr regulated the adaptive immune by upregulating the mRNAs of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgZ (not IgD). Moreover, 2 mM Thr downregulated in vitro the mRNA abundances of colony stimulating factor-1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, mannose receptor 1, matrix metalloproteinase2 (MMP-2), and MMP-9 significantly (P < 0.05), indicating that Thr could attenuate the M1-type macrophages' activation. Moreover, L-Thr downregulated the mRNA transcripts of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß associated with impairing the SOCS1/STAT1 signaling and upregulated IL-10 and TGF-ß1 partly by accentuating the SOCS3/STAT3 pathway. The above-mentioned observations suggested that Thr improved the immune status in the immune organs of fish by enhancing the immune defense and mediating the inflammation process. Finally, based on the immune indices of LZ activity in HK and C3 content in SP, the optimal Thr for immune enhancement in juvenile grass carp (9.53-53.43 g) was determined to be 15.70 g/kg diet (4.85 g/100 g protein) and 14.49 g/kg diet (4.47 g/100 g protein), respectively.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Animais , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , RNA Mensageiro , Treonina , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432560

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically assess the clinical efficacy of the Jie Yu Wan (JYW) formula in treating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Methods: A multicenter, prospective, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at four hospitals in China. A total of one hundred thirty-three patients with GAD were enrolled from 2017 to 2019. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) JYW formula on GAD at eight weeks, with the use of Buspirone as the comparator. A stepwise dosing protocol was used (JYW: high dose 24 g/day, low dose 12 g/day; Buspirone: high dose 30 mg/day, low dose 15 mg/day) and the dose was adjusted depending on whether the treatment response of Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score was less than or equal to 25% after one week. The primary outcome was a change in total score on the HAMA. The secondary outcomes included the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale, and TCM Syndrome Scale. Adverse events were recorded using the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS). Assessments were conducted at the baseline and 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Results: A total of one hundred thirty-three participants were randomly assigned to the JYW group (n = 66) and the Buspirone group (n = 67). One hundred twenty-one patients (91%) completed at least one follow-up session. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, disease course, HAMA, HAMD, CGI, and TCM Syndrome Scale scores at baseline (all P > 0.05). Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed statistically significant time effects for the HAMA (P=0.002), HAMD (P = 0.018), and CGI (P=0.001) in both groups. Sensitivity analyses supported the credibility of the main results (P > 0.05). The group effect was not significant for the HAMA (P=0.43), HAMD (P=0.27), CGI (P=0.37), and TCM Syndrome Scale (P=0.86). Furthermore, there were no significant interaction effects between time and group in terms of the HAMA (P=0.47), HAMD (P=0.79), CGI (P=0.67), and TCM Syndrome Scale (P=0.69). After one week, 53 patients (80%) of the JYW group and 52 patients (78%) of the Buspirone group were adjusted to high doses. The interaction effect between time, group, and the dose was determined by repeated measures ANOVA test, and the HAMA score served as the outcome measure. The interaction effect between time and dose was statistically significant (P=0.04), which shows that high-dose JYW (24 g/day) was more effective in decreasing patients' HAMA scores than low-dose JYW (12 g/day), and Buspirone had the same effect, which means that high-dose Buspirone (30 mg/day) was more effective than low dose. (15 mg/day). Conclusions: The conclusion of this study supports that JYW and Buspirone can effectively alleviate the anxiety symptoms of GAD patients, which are both effective and safe for treatment of mild to moderate GAD. Besides, high-dose JYW or Buspirone are more effective than low-dose, which is of great importance in assisting clinical medication choice.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(7): e28893, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is one of the common diseases in female urinary system diseases, and the incidence is increasing year by year. Moxibustion therapy, as a kind of acupuncture therapy, has been widely used in the clinical treatment of SUI, but its therapeutic effect and safety have not been scientifically and systematically evaluated. Therefore, the protocol of this systematic review we propose this time is to scientifically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (FSUI). METHODS: The following 8 electronic databases will be searched from establishment to December 2021: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Database, Wanfang Database, China Biology Medicine disc. All randomized controlled trials of moxibustion in the treatment of FSUI will be searched in the above electronic databases. Two reviewers will independently complete research selection, data extraction, and research quality evaluation. After screening the studies, the quality of the included studies will be evaluated according to the quality standards specified in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (version 5.1.0). The primary outcome of included studies is the change from baseline in urine leakage measured by the 1-hour pad test. Secondary outcomes include: the short-form of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire, the mean 72-hour urinary incontinence episode frequency, self-assessment of the patient's treatment effect, severity of urinary incontinence, and adverse events. Two reviewers will independently conduct study selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, and study quality assessment. And the STATA 14.0 software will be implemented for data synthesis and meta-analysis. RESULTS: The result of this meta-analysis will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals for publication, and a comprehensive review of current evidence will be conducted. CONCLUSIONS: The conclusion of this systematic review will provide evidence for judging whether moxibustion is a safer and more effective intervention for female stress urinary incontinence. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: The protocol has been registered on INPLASY2021120052.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Moxibustão/efeitos adversos , Moxibustão/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(5): 1262-1272, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343153

RESUMO

In this study, we employed Q Exactive to determine the main differential metabolites of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex du-ring the "sweating" process. Further, we quantified the color parameters and determined the activities of polyphenol oxidase(PPO), peroxidase(POD), and tyrosinase of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Gray correlation analysis was performed for the color, chemical composition, and enzyme activity to reveal the effect of enzymatic reaction on the color of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex sweating in different manners showed similar metabolite changes. The primary metabolites that changed significantly included amino acids, nucleotides, and sugars, and the secondary metabolites with significant changes were phenols and phenylpropanoids. Despite the different sweating methods, eleven compounds were commonly up-regulated, including L-glutamic acid, acetylarginine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine; six compounds were commonly down-re-gulated, including L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. The brightness value(L~*), red-green value(a~*), and yellow-blue value(b~*) of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex kept decreasing during the "sweating" process. The changes in the activities of PPO and POD during sweating were consistent with those in the color parameter values. The gray correlation analysis demonstrated that the main differential metabolites such as amino acids and phenols were closely related to the color parameters L~*, a~* and b~*; POD was correlated with amino acids and phenols; PPO had strong correlation with phenols. The results indicated that the color change of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating" was closely related to the reactions of enzymes dominated by PPO and POD. The study analyzed the correlations among the main differential metabolites, color parameters, and enzyme activities of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex in the "sweating" process. It reveals the common law of material changes and ascertains the relationship between color changes and enzymatic reactions of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating". Therefore, this study provides a reference for studying the "sweating" mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and is of great significance to guarantee the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Assuntos
Magnolia , Magnolia/química , Controle de Qualidade , Sudorese
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35265146

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the efficacy and safety of acupoint catgut embedding (ACE) for obesity over a 16-week treatment period using sham stimulation as the control. Methods: A multicenter, randomised, parallel, sham-controlled trial was conducted from February 10, 2017, to May 15, 2018. Men with waistlines ≥85 cm and women with ≥80 cm at three sites were randomised to receive eight sessions (over 16 weeks) of ACE (n = 108) or sham ACE (n = 108) with skin penetration at sham acupoints. The catgut was embedded once every two weeks using two alternating sets of acupoints. The follow-up lasted for an additional 24 weeks. The primary outcome was the percentage waistline reduction from baseline to week 16. Results: We included 216 individuals in the intention-to-treat analysis. At 16 weeks, the rate of waistline reduction was 8.80% (95% confidence interval (CI), 7.93% to 9.66%) in the ACE group and 4.09% (95% CI, 3.18% to 5.00%) in the sham control group, with a between-group difference of 4.71% (95% CI, 3.47% to 5.95%; P < 0.0001). This difference persisted throughout the entire follow-up period (between-group difference after 24-week additional weeks, 4.94% (95% CI, 3.58% to 6.30%); P < 0.001). The subgroup analyses of waistline by sex (male/female) revealed treatment effects of 1.93 (95% CI, -0.37 to 4.23, P = 0.1) in the male group and 3.19 (95% CI, 1.99 to 4.39, P < 0.001) in the female group. The adverse event analysis suggested that ACE and laboratory tests confirmed the safety of ACE. Discussion. ACE for 16 weeks could decrease the waistline and weight and was safe for the treatment of obesity. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and sex differences. This trial is registered with NCT02936973.

17.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 125, 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318312

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a serious threat to human health worldwide, while its heterogeneity limits therapeutic success and leads to poor survival outcomes. Single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) is an important technology, which provides deep insights into the genetic characteristics of carcinoma. In this study, we profiled the gene expression of single cells from human ccRCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues using the scRNA-seq. We found that MYH9 was commonly upregulated in the ccRCC cell subgroup. Additionally, MYH9 was of highly expression in ccRCC tissues and predicted poor prognosis of ccRCC patients. MYH9 knockdown in ccRCC cells dampened their proliferative and metastatic potentials, whereas MYH9 overexpression enhanced these properties. In vivo, MYH9 also promoted ccRCC growth. Mechanistic studies showed that MYH9 played these vital roles through AKT signaling pathway. Furthermore, MYH9/AKT axis determined the responses of ccRCC cells to sunitinib treatment and might serve as a biomarker for sunitinib benefits in ccRCC patients. Thus, MYH9 might be a novel therapeutic target and prognostic predictor for ccRCC.

18.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 71: 103075, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbid physical illness is a common cause of death in people with severe mental illness (SMI) worldwide. In rural China, the prevalence of physical illness comorbidity among persons with SMI remains unclear. This study aimed to examine non-communicable physical illness comorbidity and its risk factors among people with SMI in a rural area of China. METHODS: A mental health survey, using the International Classification of Disease (ICD-10), was conducted in six townships of Xinjin District, Chengdu, China in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 724 persons with SMI were included in this study, and 37.8% of them had at least one physical illness. The most common physical illnesses were hypertension (10.5%) and diabetes (5.8%). More physical comorbidity was reported among persons with affective disorders than persons with schizophrenia. Many participants (37.4%) had never received antipsychotic treatment, and of those, 51.6% reported having a physical illness comorbidity. Significant associations were found between physical illness comorbidity and participants' family economic status, family size, age at onset of mental disorder, treatment status, and symptom severity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate the need of an integration of medical and psychiatric care in primary care. It also suggests that poverty and having never received treatment for mental health problems negatively affect the health of persons with SMI, which deserve more attention. Researchers and policymakers can take these findings into account to develop health policies and improve the mental and physical health care in rural China.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Transtornos Psicóticos , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia , População Rural
19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 26(8): 2438-2450, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297206

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 26A1 (CYP26A1) plays a vital role in early pregnancy in mice. Our previous studies have found that CYP26A1 affects embryo implantation by modulating natural killer (NK) cells, and that there is a novel population of CYP26A1+ NK cells in the uteri of pregnant mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CYP26A1 on the subsets and killing activity of NK cells. Through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), we identified four NK cell subsets in the uterus, namely, conventional NK (cNK), tissue-resident NK (trNK) 1 and 2, and proliferating trNK (trNKp). The two most variable subpopulations after uterine knockdown of CYP26A1 were trNKp and trNK2 cells. CYP26A1 knockdown significantly downregulated the expression of the NK cell function-related genes Cd44, Cd160, Vegfc, and Slamf6 in trNK2 cells, and Klra17 and Ogn in trNKp cells. Both RNA-seq and cytotoxicity assays confirmed that CYP26A1+ NK cells had low cytotoxicity. These results indicate that CYP26A1 may affect the immune microenvironment at the maternal-foetal interface by regulating the activity of NK cells.


Assuntos
Implantação do Embrião , Células Matadoras Naturais , Animais , Implantação do Embrião/fisiologia , Feminino , Camundongos , Subfamília A de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ácido Retinoico 4 Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Útero/metabolismo
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 349: 126848, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158036

RESUMO

Effect of solid digestate biochar (DB) on nitrogen cycle and balance was evaluated during composting by adding DB into mixtures of pig manure and Lycium chinensis branch filings. Results indicated that DB addition improved composting microenvironment and increased the total N content of the final product. Furthermore, N balance calculation indicated that the NH3 and N2O emissions accounted for 72.14%-81.39% and 0.49%-2.37% of the total N loss without DB addition, respectively. After using DB, the N reductions in the form of NH3 and N2O reduced from 10.78% to < 5.73% and from 0.34% to < 0.041% of total N, respectively. Addition of DB affected N fixation with 92.32%-93.67% of total N fixed in the compost than that of the T1 treatment (85.63%). DB amendment enhanced the aerobic bacterial communities and hindered anaerobic bacterial growth, thus benefiting the NH3 and N2O emission mitigation and N conservation.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Animais , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Nitrogênio/análise , Ciclo do Nitrogênio , Solo , Suínos
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