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1.
J Inorg Biochem ; 205: 111014, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044395

RESUMO

Three iridium(III) complexes [Ir(ppy)2(CPIP)](PF6) (Ir-1, ppy = 2-phenylpyridine, CPIP = 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline), [Ir(ppy)2(DCPIP)](PF6) (Ir-2, DCPIP = 2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) and [Ir(ppy)2(TCPIP)](PF6) (Ir-3, TCPIP = 2,3,5-trichlorophenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) were synthesized and characterized. The complexes Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 were encapsulated in liposomes to form Ir-1-Lipo, Ir-2-Lipo and Ir-3-Lipo. Morphology, size distribution, and zeta potential of liposomes were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Zetasizer. The cytotoxic activity in vitro of Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 against cancer A549, HTC-116, HepG2, BEL-7402, Eca-109, B16, HeLa SGC-7901 and normal NIH3T3 cells was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-biphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. Ir-2 and Ir-3 show no cytotoxic activity against the selected cancer cells, and Ir-1 displays moderate cytotoxic effect on the cell growth in A549 cells. However, Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 were encapsulated in liposomes, the cytotoxic activity was greatly enhanced. In particular, Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo can effectively inhibit the cell growth in A549 cells with a low IC50 value of 3.1 ± 0.3 and 1.2 ± 0.4 µM. The apoptosis was assayed by flow cytometry. Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 reveal weak apoptotic effect, whereas Ir-1-Lipo, Ir-2-Lipo and Ir-3-Lipo induce an apoptotic percentage of 55.6%, 69.3% and 16.7% in A549 cells, respectively. Specially, in the assay of antitumor activity in vivo, the inhibiting percentage of tumor growth induced by Ir-2 is 27.65%, while inhibiting percentage of tumor growth caused by Ir-2-Lipo is 57.45%. Obviously, the liposomes can enhance anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo compared with the complexes. The results show that the iridium(III) complexes encapsulated liposomes induce apoptosis in A549 cells through ROS-mediated lysosome-mitochondria dysfunction pathway and target the microtubules.

2.
Sci Data ; 7(1): 45, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047161

RESUMO

The melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), is an important destructive pest worldwide. Functional studies of the genes associated with development and reproduction during different life stages are limited in Z. cucurbitae. There have yet to be comprehensive transcriptomic resources for genetic and functional genomic studies to identify the molecular mechanisms related to its development and reproduction. In this study, we comprehensively sequenced the transcriptomes of four different developmental stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adults. Using the Illumina RNA-Seq technology, we constructed 52 libraries from 13 stages with four biological replicates in each and generated 435.61 Gb clean reads. We comprehensively characterized the transcriptomes with high-coverage mapping to the reference genome. A total of 13,760 genes were mapped to the reference genome, and another 4481 genes were characterized as new genes. Finally, 14,931 genes (81.85%) were functionally annotated against six annotation databases. This study provides the first comprehensive transcriptome data of all developmental stages of Z. cucurbitae, and will serve as a valuable resource for future genetic and functional studies.

3.
Menopause ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum vitamin D concentration and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in postmenopausal women and the epidemiologic factors affecting low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Between July 2017 and December 2018, 232 participants were retrospectively enrolled. Serum concentrations of bone turnover markers were measured using electrochemiluminescence assays. Disc degeneration was evaluated using the Pfirrmann grading system. Other variables were assessed using relevant questionnaires. RESULTS: The mean age of the women was 65.6 ±â€Š10.1 and their serum 25(OH)D concentrations were 19.38 ±â€Š9.21 ng/mL. The prevalences of severe vitamin D deficiency (<10 ng/mL) and normal status (>30 ng/mL) were 12.9% and 12.5%, respectively. The severely deficient group had higher visual analog scale (VAS) scores for LBP (P = 0.002) and lower bone mineral density T scores (P = 0.004) than the other groups. Lower 25(OH)D concentration (<10 ng/mL) was significantly associated with more severe LDD in the lumbosacral region (L4-S1, L1-S1, P < 0.05), but less so in the upper lumbar region. There was an inverse relationship between vitamin D concentration and the severity of disc degeneration (L2-L3, L4-S1, L1-S1, P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, smoking, vitamin D deficiency, lack of vitamin D supplementation, high body mass index, and low bone mineral density T score were associated with higher incidence of moderate-to-severe pain in postmenopausal women (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with LDD and LBP in postmenopausal women. Specifically, a serum vitamin D concentration < 10 ng/mL is a marker of severe LDD and LBP. Smoking, severe vitamin D deficiency, lack of vitamin D supplementation, high body mass index, and osteoporosis are associated with a higher prevalence of moderate-to-severe pain.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current light transmission aggregation method (LTA) is a recognized conventional method for platelet function evaluation, but it is time-consuming and poor in parallelism, and cannot simultaneously monitor multiple inducers at multiple levels. The microtiter plate method has been established because of the high-throughput characteristic, but it need more practical application. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the microtiter plate method by using aspirin and clopidogrel in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: In vitro, the platelet aggregations inhibited by aspirin (0.3, 1, 3, 10, 30, 90 ìM) and clopidogrel (1, 3, 10, 30, 100, 300 ìM) were evaluated with the presence of arachidonic acid and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) agonists. Using the combination index (CI), the effect of the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel on platelet aggregation was evaluated. In vivo, New Zealand rabbits (n=18) were randomly divided into three groups, aspirin group (5 mg/kg, intragastrical gavage, i.g.), clopidogrel group (14 mg/kg at the first day, followed by 4 mg/kg, i.g.), the combination of these two drugs, administered (i.g.) continuously for 7 days. Then the blood was collected to measure platelet aggregation. RESULTS: Different concentrations of arachidonic acid (12.5, 25, 50, 100 ìM) and adenosine diphosphate (1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 ìM) could promote platelet aggregation in concentration-dependent manner, and the most stable induction concentrations of arachidonic acid and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) were 50 ìM and 5 ìM. In vitro, with the above optimized detection system, aspirin and clopidogrel alone or in combination had concentration-dependent antiplatelet aggregation. The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel also showed synergistic inhibition effect within the concentration range studied. In vivo, aspirin and clopidogrel alone or in combination inhibited platelet aggregation induced by multiple concentrations of arachidonic acid and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) agonists, and the combined inhibition was more significant during the administration than aspirin or clopidogrel alone. CONCLUSIONS: The improved microtiter plate method combining the use of multiple levels of multiple agonists avoids the variation of the effective inducer concentrations due to individual different response of platelets to agonists. It may be a potential approach in the detection of platelet aggregation.

5.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065478

RESUMO

The geomagnetic field (GMF) is well documented for its essential role as a cue used in animal orientation or navigation. Recent evidence indicates that the absence of GMF (mimicked by the near-zero magnetic field, NZMF) can trigger stress-like responses such as reduced body weight, as we have previously shown in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. In this study, we found that consistent with the significantly decreased body weight of newly emerged female (-14.67%) and male (-13.17%) adult N. lugens, the duration of the phloem ingestion feeding waveform was significantly reduced by 32.02% in 5th instar nymphs reared under the NZMF vs. GMF. Interestingly, 5th instar nymphs that exhibited reduced feeding had significantly higher glucose levels (+16.98% and +20.05%; 24 h and 48 h after molting), which are associated with food aversion, and expression patterns of their appetite-related neuropeptide genes (neuropeptide F, down-regulated overall; short neuropeptide F, down-regulated overall; adipokinetic hormone, up-regulated overall; and adipokinetic hormone receptor, down-regulated overall) were also altered under the absence of GMF in a manner consistent with diminishing appetite. Moreover, the expressions of the potential magnetosensor cryptochromes (Crys) were found significantly altered under the absence of GMF, indicating the likely upstream signaling of the Cry-mediated magnetoreception mechanisms. These findings support the hypothesis that strong changes in GMF intensity can reduce adult body weight through affecting insect feeding behavior and underlying regulatory processes including appetite regulation. Our results highlight that GMF could be necessary for the maintenance of energy homeostasis in insects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Interdiscip Sci ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056139

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common cause of death in women worldwide. Approximately 5%-10% of instances are attributed to mutations acquired from the parents. Therefore, it is highly recommended to design more potential drugs and drug targets to eradicate such complex diseases. Network-based gene expression profiling is a suggested tool for discovering drug targets by incorporating various factors such as disease states, intensities based on gene expression as well as protein-protein interactions. To find prospective biomarkers in breast cancer, we first identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) statistical methods p-value and false discovery rate were initially used. Of the total 82 DEGs, 67 were upregulated while the remaining 17 were downregulated. Sub-modules and hub genes include VEGFA with the highest degree, followed by 15 CCND1 and CXCL8 with 12-degree score was found. The survival analysis revealed that all the hub genes have important role in the development and progression of breast cancer. Enrichment analysis revealed that most of these genes are involved in signaling pathways and in the extracellular spaces. We also identified transcription factors and kinases, which regulate proteins in the DEGs PPI. Finally, drugs for each hub genes were identified. These results further expanded the knowledge regarding important biomarkers in breast cancer.

7.
Gene ; 737: 144456, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044406

RESUMO

Somatotroph adenoma is the main cause of acromegaly which have peripheral signs with growth of soft tissues and multiple comorbidities. Surgery and adjuvant therapy with somatostatin analogs (SSA) fail in more than 25% of patients. PRDM2, a tumor suppressor, plays an important role in cancer and obesity, including pituitary adenomas. In this study, we analyze the correlation of PRDM2 and oncogene c-Myc in 70 somatotroph adenomas according immunohistochemical staining, furthermore, we probed that whether PRDM2 participates in c-Myc signaling pathway in vitro experiment. 70 somatotroph adenomas patients were divided into low patients and high patients according to median of H-score of PRDM2 or c-Myc. Low PRDM2 patients had higher risk of invasive behavior, larger tumor volume and recurrence chance than high PRDM2 group (P = 0.015, P = 0.031, P = 0.017). High c-Myc patients had higher risk of invasive behavior, larger tumor volume and recurrence chance than low c-Myc group (P = 0.012, P = 0.002, P = 0.015). It was a negative correlation between H-score of PRDM2 and c-Myc (PRDM2 = -0.163 × c-Myc + 67.11, r = -0.407). The ability of cell proliferation was declined in a time dependent manner after overexpression of PRDM2 (PRDM2 group) compared to that in control GH3 cells (P < 0.05). Through flow cytometry assay, PRDM2 could induce the apoptosis and G2/M arrest in GH3 cell (both p < 0.05). Transwell experiment proved less trans-membrane cells in PRDM2 group than those in control group (415 ± 76 vs 145 ± 37, P < 0.01). RT-PCR and western blot both proved PRDM2 could inhibit the level c-Myc and elevate the levels of CDKN1A and CDKN1B. Combined with c-Myc inhibitor 10058-F4, PRDM2 further inhibited cell proliferation and induced more apoptosis in GH3 cell. Taken together, we found that PRDM2 negatively regulated the expression of c-Myc in somatotroph adenomas, and testified the synergism between PRDM2 gene therapy and c-Myc inhibitor in vitro experiment.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 192: 110265, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045784

RESUMO

Diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins are produced by harmful microalgae and accumulate in bivalve mollusks, causing various toxicity. These toxic effects appear to abate with increasing DSP concentration and longer exposure time, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To explore the underlying molecular mechanisms, de novo transcriptome analysis of the digestive gland of Perna viridis was performed after Prorocentrum lima exposure. RNA-seq analysis showed that 1886 and 237 genes were up- and down-regulated, respectively after 6 h exposure to P. lima, while 265 genes were up-regulated and 217 genes were down-regulated after 96 h compared to the control. These differentially expressed genes mainly involved in Nrf2 signing pathways, immune stress, apoptosis and cytoskeleton, etc. Combined with qPCR results, we speculated that the mussel P. viridis might mainly rely on glutathione S-transferase (GST) and ABC transporters to counteract DSP toxins during short-term exposure. However, longer exposure of P. lima could activate the Nrf2 signaling pathway and inhibitors of apoptosis protein (IAP), which in turn reduced the damage of DSP toxins to the mussel. DSP toxins could induce cytoskeleton destabilization and had some negative impact on the immune system of bivalves. Collectively, our findings uncovered the crucial molecular mechanisms and the regulatory metabolic nodes that underpin the defense mechanism of bivalves against DSP toxins and also advanced our current understanding of bivalve defense mechanisms.

9.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067024

RESUMO

In this research, an optimized phosphor combined with naturally green chlorophyll (Phosphor-Chlorophyll, denoted as Ph-chl) was designed for dual-modal luminescence-guided anti-tumor surgery and photodynamic therapy (PDT). A genetic algorithm (GA) is used to solve the "low up-conversion luminescence (UCL) and short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) intensity" problem by coding the proportions of elements in the phosphor in order to find the optimal phosphor with enhanced red UCL emission and SWIR luminescence using Yb/Er in the core and Yb/Nd in the shell. Moreover, when phosphors with different emission light colors (blue and green) are combined with chlorophyll as the control, the results indicate that phosphors with red emission as the energy donor have high PDT efficiency to activate the chlorophyll for reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Additionally, due to the enhanced penetration and retention (EPR) effect, the as-synthesized Ph-chl could be used for surgery navigation with a higher SWIR imaging effect focusing on cancer rather than normal tissues and paracancerous tissue. Thus, the high dual-modal luminescence guided surgery properties of the final optimized phosphor will promote its further use in minimally-invasive endoscopic clinical surgery navigation.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012263

RESUMO

Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is produced from the phosphatidylcholine metabolism of gut flora and acts as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying mechanisms for its proatherogenic action remain unclear. This study aimed to observe the effect of TMAO on endothelial cell pyroptosis and explore the underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that TMAO promoted the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/- ) mice fed a high-fat diet. Pyroptosis and succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit B (SDHB) upregulation were detected in the vascular endothelial cells of apoE-/- mice and in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with TMAO. Overexpression of SDHB in HUVECs enhanced pyroptosis and impaired mitochondria and high reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Pyroptosis in the SDHB overexpression of endothelial cells was inhibited by the ROS scavenger NAC. In summary, TMAO promotes vascular endothelial cell pyroptosis via ROS induced through SDHB upregulation, thereby contributing to the progression of atherosclerotic lesions.

11.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most commonly diagnosed Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the spine and it can induce spinal compression. Reports of lymphoma arising in bone adjacent to metallic prostheses are increasing. However, to our knowledge, DLBCL arising from a scar after lumbar fusion surgery has not been reported previously. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old man complained of a 2-month history of severe pain in the back and both legs, radiating down to the ankle, similar to sciatica with a past-history of L2-S1 decompression and fusion seven years ago. Imaging revealed an irregular mass in the epidural space and around the internal fixation surgical site, which was initially diagnosed as an epidural infectious abscess. Most of the lesion was completely excised and a detailed immuno-histopathological analysis was performed revealing the diagnosis of a DLBCL. After surgery and chemotherapy, he was discharged without complications. Unfortunately, he was died 2 years later due to brain metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the need to consider malignancy in the differential diagnosis, and carefully examine surgical specimens in revision surgery. Further understanding of the role of metal implants in the development of lymphoma is required.

12.
Drug Resist Updat ; 49: 100681, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014648

RESUMO

The presence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in malignant tumors is one of the primary causes of treatment failure in cancer chemotherapy. The overexpression of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which significantly increases the efflux of certain anticancer drugs from tumor cells, produces MDR. Therefore, inhibition of P-gp may represent a viable therapeutic strategy to overcome cancer MDR. Over the past 4 decades, many compounds with P-gp inhibitory efficacy (referred to as first- and second-generation P-gp inhibitors) have been identified or synthesized. However, these compounds were not successful in clinical trials due to a lack of efficacy and/or untoward toxicity. Subsequently, third- and fourth-generation P-gp inhibitors were developed but dedicated clinical trials did not indicate a significant therapeutic effect. In recent years, an extraordinary array of highly potent, selective, and low-toxicity P-gp inhibitors have been reported. Herein, we provide a comprehensive review of the synthetic and natural products that have specific inhibitory activity on P-gp drug efflux as well as promising chemosensitizing efficacy in MDR cancer cells. The present review focuses primarily on the structural features, design strategies, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of these compounds.

13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 88-92, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. METHODS: The effects of DHA on the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia cells and the inhibitory effect of Z-VAD-FMK on the DHA-induced cell apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 assay. The expression level of cleaved-caspased 3 was detected by indirect immunofluorescence. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression of PTEN, p-Akt, AKT, ß-actin, and the apoptosis-associated proteins, such as C-PARP, Cleaved-caspase3 and Caspase3 respectively. RESULTS: DHA induced the AML cell apoptosis with concentration-dependent manner (rKasumi-1=-0.959, rKG-1=-0.956). The DHA could induce the accumulation of cleaved-caspase 3 and C-PARP in AML cells, activate PTEN gene and inhibited Akt phosphorylation. Apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK could partially restored the activity of DHA-inhibited cell proliferation. CONCLUSION: Dihydroartemisinin induces AML cell apoptosis by inhibition of PTEN/AKT pathway. Dihydroartemisinin is expected to be a safe and effective drug for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 146-152, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of sorafenib combined with decitabine on the viability and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell line OCI-LY1 and its mechanism. METHODS: Sorafenib at 1.5µmol/L or decitabine at 25µmol/L was used to treat the cells alone or in combination. The viability of OCI-LY1 cells was detected by CCK8 assay; the PI positive cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy; the cell proliferation and ROS levels were measured by flow cytometry; The expression levels of proteins related to apoptosis were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, treatment with sorafenib and decitabine alone or in combination inhibited the cell proliferation, activated ROS formation and induced apoptosis finally. Sorafenib in combination with decitabine produced a synergistic effect. Western blot analysis showed that sorafenib combined with decitabine significantly up-regulated the levels of Bax/Bcl-2, P53, C-Caspase3 and C-PARP and activated apoptosis by inhibiting PI3K-AKT pathway. CONCLUSION: Sorafenib combined with decitabine induces the apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell line OCI-LY1 by inhibiting PI3K-AKT pathway and activating P53.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 76, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001670

RESUMO

Only a few types of inflammasomes have been described in central nervous system cells. Among these, the absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasome is primarily found in neurons, is highly specific and can be activated only by double-stranded DNA. Although it has been demonstrated that the AIM2 inflammasome is activated by poly(deoxyadenylic-deoxythymidylic) acid sodium salt and leads to pyroptotic neuronal cell death, the role of AIM2 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis in early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) has rarely been studied. Thus, we designed this study to explore the mechanism of gasdermin D(GSDMD)-induced pyroptosis mediated by the AIM2 inflammasome in EBI after SAH. The level of AIM2 from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with SAH was detected. The pathway of AIM2 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis, the AIM2/Caspase-1/GSDMD pathway, was explored after experimental SAH in vivo and in primary cortical neurons stimulated by oxyhaemoglobin (oxyHb) in vitro. Then, we evaluated GSDMD-induced pyroptosis mediated by the AIM2 inflammasome in AIM2 and caspase-1- deficient mice and primary cortical neurons generated through lentivirus (LV) knockdown. Compared with that of the control samples, the AIM2 level in the CSF of the patients with SAH was significantly increased. Pyroptosis-associated proteins mediated by the AIM2 inflammasome were significantly increased in vivo and in vitro following experimentally induced SAH. After AIM2 and caspase-1 were knocked down by an LV, GSDMD-induced pyroptosis mediated by the AIM2 inflammasome was alleviated in EBI after SAH. Intriguingly, when caspase-1 was knocked down, apoptosis was significantly suppressed via impeding the activation of caspase-3. GSDMD-induced pyroptosis mediated by the AIM2 inflammasome may be involved in EBI following SAH. The inhibition of AIM2 inflammasome activation caused by knocking down AIM2 and caspase-1 alleviates GSDMD-induced pyroptosis in EBI after SAH.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our previous study showed that Coiled-Coil Domain Containing 80 (CCDC80) accelerates the development of atherosclerosis by decreasing lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression and activity in apoE knockout mice. However, the regulatory mechanism for CCDC80 expression is unclear. This study was designed to evaluate whether non-coding RNAs involved the regulation of CCDC80 expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Bioinformatics prediction and luciferase reporter gene results showed that miR-141-3p/200a-3p bound to the 3'UTR of CCDC80. Further, miR-141-3p/200a-3p mimics decreased the expression of CCDC80 but increased LPL expression. Opposite results were observed with miR-141-3p/200a-3p inhibitors. We also found that lncRNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT1) interacted with the sequences of miR-141-3p/200a-3p and decreased their expression. RT-qPCR and western blotting results showed that MALAT1 overexpression increased CCDC80 expression and decreased LPL expression, while MALAT1 knockdown displayed an opposite phenotype. The effects of both MALAT1 overexpression and knockdown were blocked by miR-141-3p/200a-3p mimics or inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, we demonstrated that lncRNA MALAT1 regulates CCDC80 and LPL expression through miR-141-3p/200a-3p.

18.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-9, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914855

RESUMO

Understanding the basic source of twenty letter set of proteins is a substantial biophysical and non-deterministic polynomial hard problem. It specifically concentrates on the broader effect of a decreased letter in order to estimate on the collapsing properties. In any case, common letters in order is a bargain among adaptability and enhancement of the accessible assets. In the current work, an extra effect of general accessibility is incorporated in order to show a protein configuration strategy which includes the opposition for assets between a protein and its prospective association accomplice. Moreover, it also allows for exploring the effect caused by the decreased letter set on protein-protein communications. The ideal decreased organization of letters for the plan of protein is distinguished and it was observed that the ordered letters were reduced to 4 letters taking single protein collapsing into consideration. In any case, it is only 6 letters that accomplished ideal collapsing; in this manner recouping investigations are repeated. It was also examined that the observation between the protein and a potential connection accomplice could not be maintained at a strategic distance from which this study reduced the letter sets. In this way, we recommend that accumulation could have been the main incentive for the advancement of substantial protein letters in order.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

19.
J Insect Physiol ; 121: 104013, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917244

RESUMO

Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), commonly known as the Colorado potato beetle (CPB), is an agricultural important pest for potatoes and other solanaceous plants. The CRISPR/Cas system is an efficient genome editing technology, which could be exploited to study the biology of CPB and possibly also lead to the development of better environmentally friendly pest management strategies. However, the use of CRISPR/Cas9 has been limited to only a few model insects. Here, for the first time, a CRISPR/Cas9 protocol for mutagenesis studies in CPB was developed. A gene with a clear phenotype such as the vestigial gene (vest), known to be involved in wing development in other insect species, was selected as a good indicator for the knockout study. First, vest was functionally characterized in CPB by using RNAi technology for knockdown studies. Once the expected deformed wing phenotypes were observed, a CRISPR/Cas9 work flow was established for mutagenesis in CPB. By co-injecting the Cas9 protein and a vest-guide RNA into 539 CPB eggs of <1 h old, sixty-two successfully developed to adults, among which mutation in the vest loci was confirmed in 5 of the 18 wingless CPBs (29% phenotypic mutation efficiency). The mutation in vest resulted in a clear phenotype in the CPBs, which developed to adulthood with no hindwing and elytron formed. Altogether, this study provides for the first time a useful methodology involving the use of the CRISPR/Cas9 system for mutagenesis studies in one of the most important pest insects.

20.
Analyst ; 145(4): 1368-1375, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994546

RESUMO

In this study, a sensitive label-free electrochemical immunosensor was designed based on nanoporous Fe3O4 and a biotin-streptavidin system to specifically detect zearalenone (ZEN). Herein, nanoporous Fe3O4 was employed to carry streptavidin to prepare the highly sensitive immunosensor. The application of nanoporous Fe3O4 and the biotin-streptavidin reaction provided large amounts of antibodies on each conjugate, thus amplifying the detected signal. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were conducted to characterize the modification with ZEN. Factors which might influence the properties of the immunosensor, including concentration of nanoporous Fe3O4, pH of the buffer, incubation time and temperature were studied. Under the best conditions, the immunosensor displayed a highly sensitive response toward ZEN, ranging in concentration from 10.0 pg mL-1 to 3.00 ng mL-1 and 3.00 ng mL-1 to 12.0 ng mL-1, with a low detection limit of 3.7 pg mL-1. The results for analysis of human urine samples were satisfactory. Furthermore, this proposed method may find promising applications in the detection of other mycotoxins.

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