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1.
Food Chem ; 307: 125546, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639580

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) is one of the most widely distributed harmful mycotoxins produced by Fusarium species, especially deposited in corn oil. In this study, we systematically tracked the changes of ZEN in the refining of corn oil, and especially during neutralization process. An alkali neutralization process could remove certain amounts of ZEN that was much more than that of others refining steps. In a mimicking condition, ZEN contents decreased continuously and significantly with increasing neutralization temperature. However, when returned to neutral, recoverable ZEN decreased with increasing temperature, which confirmed more degradation of ZEN at high temperature. HPLC-Q/TOF MS and NMR evidence showed that non-reversible hydrolyzate followed decarboxylation was observed in a high-temperature alkali neutralization condition. The results may serve as the scientific basis for the elimination of zearalenone in refined vegetable oils, and provide clues to understanding the oil-safety aspects of elimination of zearalenone.

2.
Cytokine ; 125: 154854, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a major cause of death for ICU patients. Sepsis development depends heavily on the presence of mature IL-1ß cytokine. This study evaluates the potential therapeutic properties of a bioactive compound known as 6-gingerol on sepsis. This compound has previously been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory properties both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice was used to establish models of sepsis by means of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Upon treatment with 6-gingerol, we assessed the survival rate of mice and measured the levels of key pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum and colon tissues. Sepsis pathogenesis was further explored using the RAW264.7 cell line and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) treated with ATP and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The impact of 6-gingerol on pyroptosis was also examined. In addition, we assessed the role of MAPK signaling in 6-gingerol-induced effects in BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells. RESULTS: In CLP mice, 6-gingerol significantly ameliorated sepsis development, which was associated with the reduction of serum IL-1ß. In BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells, 6-gingerol strongly attenuated pyroptosis as well as the release of caspase-1p20, HMGB1, mature IL-1ß, IL-18 in response to ATP and LPS treatment. 6-Gingerol conferred these effects by blocking MAPK activation. Exposure to an ERK agonist (EGF) reversed effects of 6-gingerol, causing pyroptosis, LDH and caspase-1p20 release. CONCLUSIONS: By targeting MAPK signaling, 6-gingerol significantly suppressed secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibited macrophage cells pyroptosis resulting in overall inhibition of sepsis development.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109304, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810142

RESUMO

Patients with obstructive jaundice are prone to develop cardiovascular complications during surgery. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of p38 MAPK-pHsp27 pathway in vascular hyporesponsiveness induced by obstructive jaundice. Firstly, an experimental rat obstructive jaundice model was established by bile duct ligation (BDL). We found that the thoracic aorta rings isolated from BDL rats showed decreased response to norepinephrine and acetylcholine, while continuous intraperitoneal injection with SB203580, a selective P38 MAPK inhibitor, could significantly prevented BDL-induced hyporeactivity. Also, the immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays revealed that the up-regulation of pHsp27 and F-actin in thoracic aorta rings from BDL rats and bilirubin-treated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were also inhibited by SB203580. Moreover, we identified that bilirubin could induced decreased cell proliferation of VSMCs by using CCK8 assay and which was also prevented by SB203580. All these data demonstrated that p38 MAPK-pHsp27 mediates vascular hyporesponsiveness in rats with obstructive jaundice by modulating the expression level of pHsp27 and F-actin, and that inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling could remodel the vascular activity.

4.
Transplantation ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in children has achieved promising outcomes during the past few decades.{B, 2014 #448;A, 2007 #644} However, it still poses various challenges. This study aimed to analyze perioperative risk factors for postoperative death in pediatric LDLT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of pediatric patients who underwent LDLT surgery from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016 in our hospital. Predictors of mortality following LDLT were analyzed in 430 children. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier curve analysis were used for covariates selection. A nomogram was developed to estimate overall survival probability. The performance of the nomogram was assessed using calibration curve, decision curves analysis (DCA) and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Among the 430 patients in this cohort (median [IQR] age, 7 [6.10] months; 189 [43.9%] female; 391 [90.9%] biliary atresia), the overall survival was 91.4% (95%CI; 89.2, 94.4), and most of the death events (36/37) happened within 6 months after the surgery. Multivariate analysis indicated that the Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) score, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) and intraoperative norepinephrine (NE) infusion were independent prognostic factors. A novel nomogram was developed based on these prognostic factors. The C-index for the final model was 0.764 (95%CI; 0. 701, 0.819). DCA and time-dependent ROC suggested that this novel nomogram performed well at predicting mortality of pediatric LDLT. CONCLUSIONS: We identified several perioperative risk factors for mortality of pediatric LDLT. And the newly developed nomogram can be a convenient individualized tool in estimating the prognosis of pediatric LDLT.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(24)2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817944

RESUMO

Finite element simulations for detecting the dielectric permittivity of planar nanoscale dielectrics by electrostatic probe are performed to explore the microprobe technology of characterizing nanomaterials. The electrostatic force produced by the polarization of nanoscale dielectrics is analyzed by a capacitance gradient between the probe and nano-sample in an electrostatic detection system, in which sample thickness is varied in the range of 1 nm-10 µm, the width (diameter) encompasses from 100 nm to 10 µm, the tilt angle of probe alters between 0° and 20°, and the relative dielectric constant covers 2-1000 to represent a majority of dielectric materials. For dielectric thin films with infinite lateral dimension, the critical diameter is determined, not only by the geometric shape and tilt angle of detecting probe, but also by the thickness of the tested nanofilm. Meanwhile, for the thickness greater than 100 nm, the critical diameter is almost independent on the probe geometry while being primarily dominated by the thickness and dielectric permittivity of nanomaterials, which approximately complies a variation as exponential functions. For nanofilms with a plane size which can be regarded as infinite, a pertaining analytical formalism is established and verified for the film thickness in an ultrathin limit of 10-100 nm, with the probe axis being perpendicular and tilt to film plane, respectively. The present research suggests a general testing scheme for characterizing flat, nanoscale, dielectric materials on metal substrates by means of electrostatic microscopy, which can realize an accurate quantitative analysis of dielectric permittivity.

6.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 179: 112979, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825798

RESUMO

The method of ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/TOF-MS) was established and combined with principal component analysis (PCA) to identify natural Calculus Bovis, in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis and artificial Calculus Bovis. PCA, which was particularly powerful in dealing with multicollinearity and variables that outnumber the samples, was used to analyze the UHPLC-MS data of the processed samples, and potential markers were analyzed and described based on orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis. According to the results in this study, the approach of combining UHPLC-QTOF-MS with PCA was proven to be credible and could be used to identify Calculus Bovis from in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis and artificial Calculus Bovis and to determine if there is Calculus Bovis in patented Chinese medicines that should contained Calculus Bovis medicinal materials.

7.
FEBS Lett ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721178

RESUMO

The constituent paired helical filaments (PHFs) in neurofibrillary tangles are insoluble intracellular deposits central to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. Full-length tau requires the addition of anionic cofactors such as heparin to enhance assembly. We have shown that a fragment from the proteolytically stable core of the PHF, tau 297-391 known as 'dGAE', spontaneously forms cross-ß-containing PHFs and straight filaments under physiological conditions. Here, we have analysed and compared the structures of the filaments formed by dGAE in vitro with those deposited in the brains of individuals diagnosed with AD. We show that dGAE forms PHFs that share a macromolecular structure similar to those found in brain tissue. Thus, dGAEs may serve as a model system for studying core domain assembly and for screening for inhibitors of tau aggregation.

8.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(5): 836-845, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746790

RESUMO

In this study, coal tar wastewater was treated by electrochemical oxidation technology using lead dioxide anodes. The influence of operating parameters, including applied current density, electrode gap and initial pH value, on the removal ratio of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was investigated. The results demonstrated that the COD removal ratio reached 90.5% after 3.5 h electrolysis with the current density at 3 A dm-2 and electrode gap at 1.0 cm. Correspondingly, the COD decreased from 5,125 mg L-1 to 487 mg L-1, which fitted the wastewater discharge standards of China, and the specific energy consumption (SECCOD) was 35.3 kWh kgCOD-1. Not only was the COD removal ratio only 77.1% after 2 h electrolysis but the BOD5/COD ratio of the wastewater reached 0.44, which could be biochemically treated, and the SECCOD decreased by 34.3%. Moreover, the main composition of pristine wastewater before and after 2 h electrolysis was analyzed by GC-MS, and the disappearance of macromolecules (such as ethyl-2-pyrenemethanol) and the production of small molecules (such as propane-1,3-diol) could improve the biodegradability of the wastewater. Therefore, electrochemical oxidation for 2 h is a promising alternative for pretreatment of coal tar wastewater prior to biological treatment.


Assuntos
Alcatrão , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , China , Eletrodos , Eletrólise , Chumbo , Oxirredução , Águas Residuárias
9.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 160, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversies exist regarding the optimal blood pressure (BP) level that is safe and provides cardiovascular protection in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coexistent coronary artery disease. Several new glucose-lowering agents have been found to lower BP as well, making the interaction between BP and T2DM even more complex. METHODS: With the reference to recent literature, this review article describes the potential mechanisms of increased risk of hypertension in T2DM and outlines the possible optimal BP levels based upon recommendations on the management of hypertension by the current guidelines, in combination with our research findings, for type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. RESULTS: The development of hypertension in T2DM involves multiple processes, including enhanced sympathetic output, inappropriate activation of renin-angiotensin- aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction induced through insulin resistance, and abnormal sodium handling by the kidney. Both AGE-RAGE axis and adipokine dysregulation activate intracellular signaling pathways, increase oxidative stress, and aggravate vascular inflammation. Pancreatic ß-cell specific microRNAs are implicated in gene expression and diabetic complications. Non-pharmacological intervention with lifestyle changes improves BP control, and anti-hypertensive medications with ACEI/ARB, calcium antagonists, ß-blockers, diuretics and new hypoglycemic agent SGLT2 inhibitors are effective to decrease mortality and prevent major adverse cardiovascular events. For hypertensive patients with T2DM and stable coronary artery disease, control of BP < 130/80 mmHg but not < 120/70 mmHg is reasonable, whereas for those with chronic total occlusion or acute coronary syndromes, an ideal BP target may be somewhat higher (< 140/90 mmHg). Caution is advised with aggressive lowering of diastolic BP to a critical threshold (< 60 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension and T2DM share certain similar aspects of pathophysiology, and BP control should be individualized to minimize adverse events and maximize benefits especially for patients with T2DM and coronary artery disease.

10.
Chemphyschem ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769199

RESUMO

Organic semiconductor (OSC) crystals have great potential to be applied in many fields, as they can be flexibly designed according to the demands and show an outstanding device performance. However, OSCs with the capacity of solid state crystallization (SSC) are developing too slowly to meet demands in productions and applications, due to their difficulties in molecular design and synthesis, unclear mechanism and high dependence on experimental conditions. In this work, in order to solve the problems, we synthesized an organic semiconductor capable of SSC at room temperature by adjusting the relationship between conjugated groups and functional groups. The thermodynamic and kinetic properties have been studied to discover the model of film SSC. Moreover, it can be purposefully controlled to prepare the high-quality crystals, and their corresponding organic electronic devices were further fabricated and discussed.

11.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for instrumentation failure (IF) after total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) of thoracic and lumbar spine tumors using titanium mesh cage (TMC) for anterior reconstruction. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent TES for thoracic and lumbar spine tumors in our institution were retrospectively reviewed. Anterior reconstruction was performed using TMC filled with morcelized allograft or morcelized autograft. Posterior reconstruction was performed using pedicle fixation. Survival analysis of the time from TES to IF was conducted. Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate analysis. Factors of statistical significance were subjected to multivariate analysis by Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 30 patients (20 men and 10 women), with a mean age of 37.1±14.3 (range, 14-65) years were included. The mean follow-up period was 41.8±21.3 (range, 13-120) months. Bone fusion was achieved in 23 (76.7%) cases. IF occurred in 8 cases. The mean time from TES to the first IF was 31.8±15.1 (range, 13-64) months. On univariable analysis, body mass index (BMI) >28, perioperative radiotherapy, and TMC in oblique position were found to be associated with IF. On multivariable analysis, these three factors entered into the Cox regression model were also significant. CONCLUSION: Total en bloc spondylectomy is able to achieve durable oncological control. However, instrumentation failure, a not uncommon late complication that leads to reoperation should be caused concern. Perioperative radiotherapy, titanium mesh cage in the oblique position, and BMI>28 are significant predictive factors.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17529, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have attempted to determine the prognostic value of T-cell lymphoma invasion and metastasis-inducing factor 1 (Tiam1) in patients with solid cancers, but the reported results were of inconsistency. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to exhaustively evaluate the prognostic role of Tiam1 expression in patients with solid cancers. METHODS: We retrieved literature published in between 1994 and April 22th, 2019 through searching PubMed, Web of Science and China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI). Hazard ratios (HRs) coupled with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the relationship of Tiam1 expression and overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: A total of 2647 patients with solid cancers in 20 studies were enrolled in our meta-analysis eventually. The pooled results showed that Tiam1 high expression was closely correlated with poor OS (HR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.80-2.61, P = .000) and DFS (pooled HR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.58-2.40, P = .000). Moreover, our subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis demonstrated the reliability and stability of our pooled results. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this meta-analysis confirmed that Tiam1 higher expression positively correlated with OS and DFS, suggesting that Tiam1 may act as a valuable prognostic predictor and therapeutic target for patients with solid cancers. Nevertheless, in future more homogeneous and prospective studies should be performed to further support our findings.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Indutora de Invasão e Metástase de Linfoma de Células T/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2647-2656, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding the progression of liver disease and therapeutic efficacy in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers infected by mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). This study aimed to investigate these two aspects by comparing the adult chronic HBV carriers in MTCT group with those in horizontal transmission group. METHODS: The 683 adult chronic HBV patients qualified for liver biopsy including 191 with MTCT and 492 with horizontal transmission entered the multi-center prospective study from October 2013 to May 2016. Biopsy results from 217 patients at baseline and 78 weeks post antiviral therapy were collected. RESULTS: Patients infected by MTCT were more likely to have e antigen positive (68.6% vs. 58.2%, χ = -2.491, P = 0.012) than those with horizontal transmission. However, in patients with MTCT, levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (P = 0.031), Fibroscan (P = 0.013), N-terminal propeptide of Type III procollagen (PIIINP) (P = 0.014), and Laminin (LN) (P = 0.006) were high, in contrast to the patients with horizontal transmission for whom the levels of albumin (ALB) (P = 0.041), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) (P = 0.001) were high. The 47.2% of patients with MTCT and 36.8% of those with horizontal transmission had significant liver fibrosis (P = 0.013). Following antiviral therapy for 78 weeks, 21.2% and 38.0% patients with MTCT and horizontal transmission acquired hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) clearance, respectively (P = 0.043), and the virological response rates were 54.7% and 74.1% in the MTCT and horizontal groups, respectively (P = 0.005). MTCT was a risk factor for HBeAg clearance and virological response. CONCLUSION: Adult patients with MTCT were more prone to severe liver diseases, and the therapeutic efficacy was relatively poor, which underlined the importance of earlier, long-term treatment and interrupting perinatal transmission. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01962155; https://clinicaltrials.gov.

14.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 263, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight chitosan oligosaccharide (LMCOS), a chitosan degradation product, is water-soluble and easily absorbable, rendering it a popular biomaterial to study. However, its effect on bone remodelling remains unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of LMCOS on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced bone resorption in mice. METHODS: Six-week-old male C57BL/6 mice (n = five per group) were randomly divided into five groups: PBS, LPS, LPS + 0.005% LMCOS, LPS + 0.05% LMCOS, and LPS + 0.5% LMCOS. Then, the corresponding reagents (300 µL) were injected into the skull of the mice. To induce bone resorption, LPS was administered at 10 mg/kg per injection. The mice were injected three times a week with PBS alone or LPS without or with LMCOS and sacrificed 2 weeks later. The skull was removed for micro-computed tomography, haematoxylin-eosin staining, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. The area of bone damage and osteoclast formation were evaluated and recorded. RESULTS: LMCOS treatment during LPS-induced skull resorption led to a notable reduction in the area of bone destruction; we observed a dose-dependent decrease in the area of bone destruction and number of osteoclasts with increasing LMCOS concentration. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that LMCOS could inhibit skull bone damage induced by LPS in mice, further research to investigate its therapeutic potential for treating osteolytic diseases is required.

15.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(12): 1343-1352, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delayed thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may exacerbate blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown after ischemic stroke and lead to catastrophic hemorrhagic transformation (HT). Rosiglitazone(RSG), a widely used antidiabetic drug that activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), has been shown to protect against cerebral ischemia through promoting poststroke microglial polarization toward the beneficial anti-inflammatory phenotype. However, whether RSG can alleviate HT after delayed tPA treatment remains unknown. In this study, we sort to examine the role of RSG on tPA-induced HT after stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the murine suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models of stroke followed by delayed administration of tPA (10 mg/kg, 2 hours after suture occlusion) to investigate the therapeutic potential of RSG against tPA-induced HT. When RSG(6 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered 1 hour before MCAO in tPA-treated MCAO mice, HT in the ischemic territory was significantly attenuated 1 day after stroke. In the tPA-treated MCAO mice, we found RSG significantly mitigated BBB disruption and hemorrhage development compared to tPA-alone-treated stroke mice. Using flow cytometry and immunostaining, we confirmed that the expression of CD206 was significantly upregulated while the expression of iNOS was down-regulated in microglia of the RSG-treated mice. We further found that the expression of Arg-1 was also upregulated in those tPA and RSG-treated stroke mice and the protection against tPA-induced HT and BBB disruption in these mice were abolished in the presence of PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662 (4 mg/kg, 1 hour before dMCAO through intraperitoneal injection). CONCLUSIONS: RSG treatment protects against BBB damage and ameliorates HT in delayed tPA-treated stroke mice by activating PPAR-γ and favoring microglial polarization toward anti-inflammatory phenotype.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of driver mechanism and the effect of electrogram dispersion-guided driver mapping and ablation in atrial fibrillation (AF) at different stages of progression. METHODS: A total of 256 consecutive patients with AF who had undergone pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) plus driver ablation or conventional ablation were divided into three groups: paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF; group A, n = 51); persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF; group B, n = 38); and long standing-persistent atrial fibrillation (LS-PsAF; group C, n = 39). PVI was performed with the guidance of the ablation index. The electrogram dispersion was analyzed for driver mapping. RESULTS: The most prominent driver regions were at roof (28.0%), posterior wall (17.6%), and bottom (21.3%). From patients with PAF to those with PsAF and LS-PsAF: the complexity of extra-pulmonary vein (PV) drivers including distribution, mean number, and area of dispersion region increased (P < .001). Patients who underwent driver ablation vs conventional ablation had higher procedural AF termination rate (76.6% vs 28.1%; P < .001). With AF progression, the termination rate gradually decreased from group A to group C, and the role of PVI in AF termination was also gradually weakened from group A to group C (39.6%, 7.4%, and 4.3%; P < .001) in patients with driver ablation. At the end of the follow-up, the rate of sinus rhythm maintenance was higher in patients with driver ablation than those with conventional ablation (89.1% vs 70.3%; P < .001). CONCLUSION: The formation of extra-PV drivers provides an important mechanism for AF maintenance with their complexity increasing with AF progression. Electrogram dispersion-guided driver ablation appears to be an efficient adjunctive approach to PVI for AF treatment.

17.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 589-594, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699187

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of microRNA-133b(miR-133b)on cardiac fibrosis and its mechanism.Methods Human cardiac fibroblasts(CFs)were harvested.The proliferation of CFs was detected by CCK8 during the overexpression and knock-down of miR-133b.The expressions of connective tissue growth factor(CTGF),α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA),collagen Ⅰ,and collagen Ⅲ were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis after miR-133b overexpression or downexpression.Target genes of miR-133b were predicted by bioinformatics software.Dual-luciferase activity assay were used to verify a target gene of miR-133b.Results qRT-PCR showed that the expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b mimic group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group(t=26.219,P=0.000).The expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b inhibitor group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group(t=6.738,P=0.003).After 21,45,69,93,and 117 hours of transfection,the proliferation ability of CFs significantly decreased in the miR-133b mimic group but significantly increased in the miR-133b group(all P<0.05,compared with the negative control group).After overexpression of miR-133b,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(t=9.213,P=0.001;t=8.195,P=0.001),α-SMA(t=6.511,P =0.003;t=4.434,P=0.011),collagenⅠ(t=3.172,P=0.034;t=4.053,P=0.015)and collagen Ⅲ(t=6.404,P=0.003;t=5.319,P=0.006)were significantly down-regulated.After the expression of miR-133b was knocked down,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(t=9.439,P=0.001;t=14.100,P=0.000),α-SMA(t=4.519,P=0.011;t=4.377,P=0.012),collagen Ⅰ(t=5.966,P=0.004;t=5.514,P=0.005)and collagen Ⅲ(t=4.622,P=0.010;t=4.996,P=0.008)were significantly increased.The relative luciferase activity of the cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and WT 3'UTR expression vector was significantly lower than that of the cells co-transfected with mimic control and WT 3'UTR expression vectors(t=5.654,P=0.005);however,there was no significant difference in relative luciferase activity between cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and MUT 3'UTR expression vectors and cells co-transfected with mimic control and MUT 3'UTR expression vectors(t=0.380,P=0.724).Conclusion miR-133b may affect the activation and proliferation of CFs by targeting CTGF and thus improve cardiac fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/citologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Miocárdio/patologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo/metabolismo , Fibrose , Humanos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671887

RESUMO

Drawing on psychological contract theory, this research contributes to the unethical behavior literature by exploring employees' turnover intentions as a mediator of the relationship between abusive supervision and employees' unethical behavior and the moderating role of the caring climate in the relationship between turnover intentions and unethical behavior. The results from a sample of 679 reveal that turnover intentions mediate relationship between abusive supervision and subordinates' unethical behavior, and caring climate moderates the positive relationship between turnover intentions and subordinates' unethical behavior. We also find that the indirect effect is moderated by the caring climate. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

19.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 15(11): e1007520, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765387

RESUMO

Although existing computational models have identified many common driver genes, it remains challenging to identify the personalized driver genes by using samples of an individual patient. Recently, the methods of exploiting the structure-based control principles of complex networks provide new clues for identifying minimum number of driver nodes to drive the state transition of large-scale complex networks from an initial state to the desired state. However, the structure-based network control methods cannot be directly applied to identify the personalized driver genes due to the unknown network dynamics of the personalized system. Here we proposed the personalized network control model (PNC) to identify the personalized driver genes by employing the structure-based network control principle on genetic data of individual patients. In PNC model, we firstly presented a paired single sample network construction method to construct the personalized state transition network for capturing the phenotype transitions between healthy and disease states. Then, we designed a novel structure-based network control method from the Feedback Vertex Sets-based control perspective to identify the personalized driver genes. The wide experimental results on 13 cancer datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas firstly showed that PNC model outperforms current state-of-the-art methods, in terms of F-measures for identifying cancer driver genes enriched in the gold-standard cancer driver gene lists. Furthermore, these results showed that personalized driver genes can be explored by their network characteristics even when they are hidden factors in transcription and mutation profiles. Our PNC gives novel insights and useful tools into understanding the tumor heterogeneity in cancer. The PNC package and data resources used in this work can be freely downloaded from https://github.com/NWPU-903PR/PNC.

20.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125201, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677514

RESUMO

Photocatalytic disinfection with high performance is thought to be a promising way for water purification. Herein, plasmonic Ag doped urea-derived graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) composites were fabricated via in-situ photo-deposition at room temperature as the visible-light photocatalyst. Scan electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images showed the uniform dispersion of Ag nanoparticles on the surface of g-C3N4 sheet, which facilitated the synergistic effect of antibacterial performance from Ag and photocatalytic property from Ag/g-C3N4 composites. Photocatalytic water disinfection against Escherichia coli with visible light was performed to demonstrate the improved photocatalytic property with assistance of Ag. The 3-Ag/g-C3N4 exhibited the best bactericidal performance by inactivating all bacteria within 120 min with damaged cell membranes of Escherichia coli observed by scan electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images. Photoluminescence spectra, steady-state surface photovoltage spectra, photocurrent response, and electrochemical impedance spectra results revealed that Ag nanoparticles inhibited the recombination of photo-generated e- and h+ pairs and further reinforced the photocatalytic performance of g-C3N4. Scavenger experiments indicated that h+ produced on valence band of g-C3N4 dominated the photocatalytic disinfection process against Escherichia coli. This work further proved Ag/g-C3N4 showed great potential in photocatalytic water disinfection under visible-light irradiation.

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