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2.
Electrophoresis ; 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35776503

RESUMO

Capillary electrophoresis with sodium dodecyl sulfate (CE-SDS) is a common analytical technique for investigating the purity and molecular size heterogeneity of monoclonal antibody (mAb) drugs. In reducing CE-SDS analysis of mAb-A, the light chain peak exhibited severe tailing, seriously affecting the purity analysis. The purposes of this investigation are to clarify the source of tailing and develop a more appropriate CE-SDS method to eliminate light chain tailing. The degree of light chain tailing was closely related to the mAb concentration, SDS concentration, and injection amount, and more hydrophobic detergents such as sodium hexadecyl sulfate (SHS) and sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) could be used instead of SDS to obtain better peak shapes. The results also indicated that the tailing was caused by the binding problem associated with SDS, and SHS/STS could provide a more stable and uniform complexation for the light chain. In summary, the method we developed successfully eliminated the light chain tailing and provided a robust characterization of mAb-A in reducing CE-SDS analysis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Asthma Allergy ; 15: 811-825, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35747745

RESUMO

Purpose: There has been concern that asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] increase the risk of developing and exacerbating COVID-19. The effect of medications such as inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and biologics on COVID-19 is unclear. This systematic literature review analyzed the published evidence on epidemiology and the burden of illness of asthma and COPD, and the use of baseline medicines among COVID-19 populations. Patients and Methods: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, Embase®, MEDLINE® and Cochrane were searched (January 2019-August 2021). The prevalence of asthma or COPD among COVID-19 populations was compared to the country-specific populations. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated to compare healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) rates, and meta-analyses of outcomes were estimated from age-adjusted ORs (aORs) or hazard ratios (aHRs). Meta-analyses of COVID-19 outcomes were conducted using random effects models for binary outcomes. Results: Given the number and heterogeneity of studies, only 183 high-quality studies were analyzed, which reported hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, ventilation/intubation, or mortality. Asthma patients were not at increased risk for COVID-19-related hospitalization (OR = 1.05, 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.20), ICU admission (OR = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.1.48), ventilation/intubation (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 0.95 to 1.62), or mortality (OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.75 to 0.96). Accounting for confounding variables, COPD patients were at higher risk of hospitalization (aOR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.30 to 1.61), ICU admission (aOR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.51), and mortality (aOR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.37 to 1.65). Sixty-five studies reported outcomes associated with ICS or biologic use. There was limited evidence that ICS or biologics significantly impacted the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, HCRU, or mortality in asthma or COPD patients. Conclusion: In high-quality studies included, patients with asthma were not at significantly higher odds for adverse COVID-19-related outcomes, while patients with COPD were at higher odds. There was no clear evidence that baseline medication affected outcomes. Registration: PROSPERO (CRD42021233963).

5.
Asian J Androl ; 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35645047

RESUMO

Male patients with prolactinomas usually present with typical hyperprolactinemia symptoms, including sexual dysfunction and infertility. However, clinical factors related to sexual dysfunction and surgical outcomes in these patients remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of male patients with prolactinomas after transsphenoidal surgery and the risk factors affecting sexual dysfunction. This study was conducted on 58 male patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for prolactinomas between May 2014 and December 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. We evaluated the sexual function of patients before and after surgery through International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores, libido, and frequency of morning erection. Of the 58 patients, 48 (82.8%) patients had sexual intercourse preoperatively. Among those 48 patients, 41 (85.4%) patients presented with erectile dysfunction. The preoperative International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores in patients with macroprolactinomas were significantly higher than those in patients with giant prolactinomas (17.63 ± 0.91 vs 13.28 ± 1.43; P = 0.01). Postoperatively, the incidence of erectile dysfunction was 47.9%, which was significantly lower than that preoperatively (85.4%; P = 0.01). Twenty-eight (68.3%) patients demonstrated an improvement in erectile dysfunction. Tumor size and invasiveness were significantly correlated with the improvement of erectile dysfunction. Preoperative testosterone <2.3 ng ml-1 was an independent predictor of improvement in erectile dysfunction. In conclusion, our results indicated that tumor size and invasiveness were important factors affecting the improvement of sexual dysfunction in male patients with prolactinoma. The preoperative testosterone level was an independent predictor related to the improvement of erectile dysfunction.

6.
Infect Genet Evol ; : 105307, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There should be a heightened index of suspicion for Parvovirus B19 (PVB19)-related anemia in organ transplant recipients. Thus far, there is no consensus or recommendation for clinical routine monitoring methods of PVB19 recipients to allow tailoring of immunosuppression. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the utility of the function (represented by the abilities to secrete IFN-γ) and numbers of lymphocyte subsets in monitoring PVB19 infections in renal recipients posttransplant. The enrolled 109 patients were split into 2 groups according to whether the recipients had an occurrence of PVB19 infection: 37 (33.94%) recipients developed PVB19 infection and 72 (66.06%) immune-stable recipients. RESULTS: The PVB19 infected group had significantly lower absolute counts and functions of different lymphocyte subsets compared with immune-stable recipients. We showed that the frequencies of IFN-γ + CD4 + T cells, IFN-γ + CD8 + T cells, and IFN-γ + NK cells increased markedly after treatment when compared to the occurrence in patients with timepoint before therapy, especially the percentages of IFN-γ + CD4 + T cells were significantly higher. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the optimal infection indicator was IFN-γ + NK cells frequency, with an auROC curve of 0.925. Concomitantly, Cox regression analysis indicated that the post-therapy increasing level of IFN-γ secreting function was significantly predictive of recurrent infections (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We recommend prospective risk stratification for the high-risk population at risk of early-onset PVB19 infection and its recurrence involves screening strategies of immune-based surveillance with the sensitive IFN-γ + secreting monitoring for antiviral prophylaxis and preemptive therapy goal. Clinical Trial Notation: clinical trial registration number: chiCTR-ROC-17010756.

7.
Pharm Res ; 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701679

RESUMO

PURPOSES: In reducing capillary electrophoresis sodium dodecyl sulfate (CE-SDS) analysis of a monoclonal antibody (mAb-1), the peak area ratio of heavy chain (HC) to light chain (LC) was out of balance, while multiple artifact peaks were observed following the migration of HC. The main purposes of this study were to describe the techniques utilized to eliminate this artifact and clarify the root cause for this interesting phenomenon. METHODS: We optimized the CE-SDS analysis of mAb-1 by a vairety of techniques including changing the concentration of protein or replacing SDS with a more hydrophobic surfactant (i.e., sodium hexadecyl sulfate (SHS) or sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) instead of SDS) in sample and/or the sieving gel buffer. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) were used to study the protein-surfactant complex. RESULTS: The artifact could be partially mitigated by reducing the protein concentration and replacing SDS with SHS or STS in the sample and/or the sieving gel buffer solutions. Due to replacing a more hydrophobic surfactant, the HC-surfactant complex formed was more resistant to dissociation, preventing additional hydrophobic HC-HC interaction and aggregation, thus eliminating the artifact problem. CONCLUSIONS: DLS and RP-HPLC are powerful supplementary techniques in characterizing the protein-surfactant complex, and hydrophobic surfactants such as SHS and STS could afford more normal electropherograms during the analysis of mAbs.

8.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(5): 1306-1318, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693596

RESUMO

Background: For metachronous second pulmonary adenocarcinoma (msPAD) in patients with resected PAD, the method to distinguish tumour clonality has not yet been well established, which makes it difficult to determine accurate staging and predict prognosis. Methods: Patients received surgery for the primary and encountered msPAD were recruited into the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. We extracted overall survival 1 (OS1) for the primary, overall survival 2 (OS2) for the msPAD, and defined interval survival as the interval time between the first and second PAD. Based on the nomogram and recursive partitioning analysis, a tumor, node, metastasis staging system (TNM)-like risk stratification system was established for OS2 on the premise of suspending the dispute of tumor clonality. Results: A total of 1,045 patients were identified. There is no significant association between interval survival and OS2. A TNM-like risk stratification system was established based on the independent pathological factors for prognosis, including tumor diameter (2nd), node metastasis (2nd), grade (2nd), and extrapulmonary metastasis (2nd). The proposed risk stratification system present well capacity in predicting and stratifying prognosis. Compared with the TNM stage system, the proposed risk stratification system presents a smaller Akaike information criterion (AIC) but larger c-index, and generates higher accuracy to predict prognosis at 160 months of follow-up according to the time-dependent receiver operating curve (ROC) curve. Conclusions: In conclusion, the TNM-like risk stratification appears to be suitable for prognostic prediction and risk stratification for msPAD patients with former PAD resection. This model validates and refines the known classification rules based on the easily collected variables, and highlights potentially clinical implications.

9.
Respir Med ; 200: 106924, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35772189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given that airway obstruction in asthma is not always fully reversible, reduced bronchodilator reversibility (BDR) may be a special asthma phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of BDRhigh/low phenotypes (defined using two BDR criteria) and their associations with asthma exacerbations (AEs). METHODS: After baseline assessments, all patients were classified into BDRhigh or BDRlow phenotypes. This study consisted of 2 parts. Part I was a 12-month prospective observational cohort study designed to identify the clinical characteristics and associations with future AEs in BDRhigh/low phenotypes (n = 456). Part II, designed as a post hoc analysis of the data obtained in Part I, was conducted to assess the association between BDRhigh/low phenotypes and treatment responsiveness (n = 360). RESULTS: Subjects with BDRlow phenotypes had better baseline asthma symptom control and was negatively associated with eosinophilic asthma and type 2 (T2) high asthma. During the 12-month follow-up, those with BDRlow phenotypes had a higher risk of severe AEs (SAEs) (guideline-based criterion: RRadj = 2.24, 95% CI = [1.25, 3.68]; Ward's criterion: RRadj = 2.46, 95% CI = [1.40, 4.00]) and moderate-to-severe AEs (MSAEs) (guideline-based criterion: RRadj = 1.83, 95% CI = [1.22, 2.56]; Ward's criterion: RRadj = 1.94, 95% CI = [1.32, 2.68]) in the following year according to logistic regression models. Similar findings were obtained with negative binominal regression models. BDRlow phenotype was a risk factor for an insensitive response to anti-asthma treatment (guideline-based criterion: ORadj = 1.96, 95% CI = [1.05, 3.65]; Ward's criterion: ORadj = 2.01, 95% CI = [1.12, 3.58]). CONCLUSION: We identified that BDRlow phenotype was associated with non-T2 high asthma and future AEs. These findings have clinically relevant implications for asthma management.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(25): 28489-28500, 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642545

RESUMO

Environmental stress greatly decreases crop yield. The application of noninvasive techniques is one of the most practical and feasible ways of monitoring the health condition of plants under stress. However, it remains largely unsolved. A chemical fluorescent probe can be applied as a typical nondestructive method, but it has not been applied in living plants for stress detection to date. The abscisic acid (ABA) receptor plays a central role in conferring tolerance to environmental stresses and is an excellent target for developing fluorescent probes. Herein, we developed a fluorescence molecular imaging technology to monitor live plant stress by visualizing the protein expression level of the ABA receptor PYR1. A computer-aided designed indicator dye, flubactin, exhibited an 8-fold enhancement in fluorescence intensity upon interaction with PYR1. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that flubactin is suitable to be used to detect salt stress in plants in real time. Moreover, the low toxicity of flubactin promotes its application in the future. Our work opens a new era for the nondestructive visualization of plant stress in vivo.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Estresse Fisiológico
12.
J Mater Chem B ; 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727102

RESUMO

Polymeric biocomposites display some advantages over metal or ceramic biomaterials, and are regarded as a promising candidate for artificial joint application. Herein, molybdenum disulfide (MD) nanosheets were prepared and incorporated into polyimide (PI) to form MD/PI composites with a MD content of 20 wt% (PM20) and 40 wt% (PM40). The results revealed that incorporation of MD nanosheets obviously improved the tribological performances, surface properties (e.g., roughness, wettability and surface energy) and protein absorption of the composites, which enhanced with the increase of MD content. In addition, the composites containing MD nanosheets exhibited antibacterial effects, and the antibacterial effects of PM40 were higher than those of PM20 and PI. PM40 significantly stimulated the cellular responses of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells in vitro, which was better than PM20 and PI. Furthermore, PM40 remarkably accelerated osteogenesis and osseointegration in vivo, which was better than PM20 and PI. In summary, the MD content in composites played pivotal roles in improving not only tribological performances, surface properties, antibacterial effects and cellular response in vitro but also osteogenesis and osseointegration in vivo. As a result, PM40 with high MD content exhibited excellent osteogenic bioactivity and antibacterial effects, which would have great potential for artificial joint applications.

13.
Front Genet ; 13: 908367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35769984

RESUMO

To protect the germplasm resources of Schizothorax biddulphi, we developed and used 20 pairs of polymorphic microsatellite primers to analyze the genetic diversity and structure of populations. A total of 126 samples were collected from the Qarqan River (CEC), Kizil River (KZL), and Aksu River (AKS) in Xinjiang, China. The results showed that 380 alleles were detected in 20 pairs of primers and the average number of alleles was 19.0. The effective allele numbers and Nei's gene diversity ranged from 1.1499 to 1.1630 and 0.0962 to 0.1136, respectively. The Shannon index range suggested low levels of genetic diversity in all populations. The genetic distance between the CEC and AKS populations was the largest, and the genetic similarity was the smallest. There was a significant genetic differentiation between CEC and the other two populations. The UPGMA clustering tree was constructed based on population genetic distance, and the clustering tree constructed by individuals showed that the AKS population and KZL population were clustered together, and the CEC population was clustered separately. Also, the group structure analysis also got the same result. It can be seen that although the three populations of S. biddulphi do not have high genetic diversity, the differentiation between the populations was high and the gene flow was limited, especially the differentiation between the CEC population and the other two populations. This study not only provided genetic markers for the research of S. biddulphi but the results of this study also suggested the need for enhanced management of S. biddulphi populations.

14.
Food Chem ; 393: 133392, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679706

RESUMO

Flesh quality is influenced by diet components, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of replacing soybean meal (SBM) protein with cottonseed protein concentrate (CPC) at different levels (0%, CK; 15%, CPC15; 30%, CPC30 and 45%, CPC45) on the flesh quality of Nile tilapia. The results indicated that different protein sources influenced muscle amino acid composition instead of fatty acid composition. Lower muscle lipid content was found in CPC45, which in turn significantly altered the muscle texture. The hepatic lipid metabolism-related genes were detected and we found that CPC45 significantly suppressed the lipogenesis and promoted lipolysis. Higher content of microbiota-derived butyrate was found in the intestinal content of CPC45 and butyrate could decrease the lipid accumulation in vitro. Replacing SBM with CPC increased the intestinal butyrate to suppress the lipogenesis in the liver which may account for the increased muscle hardness.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Microbiota , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Butiratos/metabolismo , Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Músculos
15.
Indoor Air ; 32(6): e13069, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762238

RESUMO

Secondhand smoke (SHS) remains a common health threat in densely populated, urban settings. We estimated the prevalence of exposure and associated respiratory symptoms, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in a multi-ethnic, weighted sample of Singapore residents using a cross-sectional survey of 1806 adults. We weighted data to match the national population in terms of gender, ethnicity, and education level and analyzed data using descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, multiple linear and logistic regressions, and a multinomial logistic regression model. About 88% of respondents reported regular SHS exposure. Nearly 57% reported exposure to neighbors' SHS at home. Respiratory symptoms were reported by 32.5% and significantly associated with exposure to daily (AOR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.62-4.36), non-daily (AOR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.14-2.77), and neighbors' (AOR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.07-1.76) SHS. More knowledge of SHS was associated with male gender (ß = 0.28, p = 0.0009) and higher household income (linear trend; p = 0.0400). More negative attitudes to SHS were associated with older age (linear trend; p < 0.0001). Engaging in behaviors to avoid SHS was associated with a more negative attitude to SHS (AOR = 1.09-1.23). SHS exposure is common in Singapore's densely populated setting and associated with respiratory symptoms, even if exposure is non-daily or from neighboring homes.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Estudos Transversais , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(6): 1441-1450, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729118

RESUMO

Photosynthesis and respiration are two important components of net ecosystem exchange (NEE). NEE can be directly observed by eddy covariance (EC) technique, and statistically separated into ecosystem assimilation and respiration based on the statistical flux partitioning of temperature response function or light-response curves. However, these methods would result in auto-correlation between assimilation and respiration, and overestimate daytime respiration. Recently-developed isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy permits high-resolution measurement of atmospheric CO2 and its stable carbon isotope composition (δ13C) under field conditions, and achieves diurnal and seasonal partitioning of ecosystem photosynthesis and respiration by matching with NEE measurements from EC. We expounded the fundamental theories and assumptions of isotopic flux partitioning of ecosystem photosynthesis and respiration, elaborated the development and application advance of techniques in isotopic flux measurement, summarized the advance of isotopic flux partitioning to provide new insight into the assimilation and respiration processes, and prospected the uncertainty of isotopic flux partitioning theory and the necessity of comparative researches of various methods.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Ecossistema , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Respiração
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35689555

RESUMO

AIMS: Previous studies reported proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) use may increase the risk of fracture; however, the findings may be susceptible to indication bias since peptic ulcer disease (PUD), one major indication for PPIs, may affect skeletal health. Determining whether PUD would increase hip fracture risk may help identify high risk population and explore risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study using data from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) in the UK. THIN contains patient information such as disease diagnosis and medicine prescriptions. Up to five non-PUD individuals (n=138,265) were matched to each case of incident PUD (n=27,653) by age, sex, and body mass index. We examined the association between PUD and hip fracture by a multivariable Cox-proportional hazard model. We repeated the same analysis among individuals with incident PUD and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (n=27,160), another disease with similar indication for PPIs, as a positive control exposure. RESULTS: Over a mean of 5.6 years follow-up, hip fracture occurred in 589 individuals with PUD and 2,015 individuals without PUD (3.8 vs 2.6/1000 person-years), with a multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) being 1.44 (95%CI: 1.31 to 1.58). The association persisted among subgroups stratified by sex and age. In positive control exposure analysis, the hip fracture risk was also higher in PUD than GERD (3.8 vs 2.4/1000 person-years; multivariable-adjusted HR=1.65, 95%CI: 1.45 to 1.7). CONCLUSIONS: This general population-based cohort study suggests, after controlling for acid-lowering medication and other potential risk factors, PUD is independently associated with an increased risk of hip fracture.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742214

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been utilized in many daily products for decades. Previous studies have reported that DEHP exposure could induce renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation and increase epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity, which contributes to extracellular fluid (ECF) volume expansion. However, there is also no previous study to evaluate the association between DEHP exposure and body fluid status. METHODS: We selected 1678 subjects (aged ≥18 years) from a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2003-2004 to determine the relationship between urine DEHP metabolites and body composition (body measures, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)). RESULTS: After weighing the sampling strategy in multiple linear regression analysis, we report that higher levels of DEHP metabolites are correlated with increases in body measures (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference), BIA parameters (estimated fat mass, percent body fat, ECF, and ECF/intracellular fluid (ICF) ratio) in multiple linear regression analysis. The relationship between DEHP metabolites and the ECF/ICF ratio was more evident in subjects of younger age (20-39 years old), women, non-Hispanic white ethnicity, and subjects who were not active smokers. CONCLUSION: In addition to being positively correlated with body measures and body fat, we found that urine DEHP metabolites were positively correlated with ECF and the ECF/ICF ratio in the US general adult population. The finding implies that DEHP exposures might increase ECF volume and the ECF/ICF ratio, which may have adverse health outcomes on the cardiovascular system. Further research is needed to clarify the causal relationship.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais , Dietilexilftalato , Ácidos Ftálicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Líquidos Corporais/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/urina , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762466

RESUMO

Implanted materials with both osteogenic and antibacterial functions are promising for facilitating osteointegration and preventing infection for orthopedic applications. In this work, we synthesized flower-like molybdenum disulfide (fMD) submicro-spheres containing nanosheets, which were incorporated onto the microporous surface of polyimide (PI) via concentrated sulfuric acid, suspending fMD contents of 5 wt% (SPM1) and 10 wt% (SPM2). Compared with sulfonated polyimide (SPM0), both SPM1 and SPM2 with microporous surfaces containing fMD exhibited nano-submicro-microporous surfaces, which improved the surface roughness, wettability, and surface energy. Due to there being more fMD submicro-spheres on the microporous surface, SPM2 revealed a better antibacterial effect than SPM1. In addition, compared with SPM1 and SPM0, SPM2 with more fMD significantly promoted rat bone marrow-derived stromal cell response in vitro. Moreover, SPM2 remarkably enhanced new bone formation and osteointegration in vivo. In summary, the combination of fMD with the microporous surface of SPM2 resulted in a nano-submicro-microporous surface with optimized surface performance, which possessed not only osteogenic bioactivity but also an antibacterial effect. As a bone implant, SPM2 with osteogenic and antibacterial functions may have enormous potential as a bone tissue substitute.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656863

RESUMO

LECT2 (leucocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2) is a 16-kDa protein mainly produced by hepatocytes. It was first isolated in PHA-activated human T-cell leukaemia SKW-3 cells and originally identified as a novel neutrophil chemotactic factor. However, many lines of studies suggested that LECT2 was a pleiotropic protein, it not only functioned as a cytokine to exhibit chemotactic property, but also played multifunctional roles in some physiological conditions and pathological abnormalities, involving liver regeneration, neuronal development, HSC(haematopoietic stem cells) homeostasis, liver injury, liver fibrosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, metabolic disorders, inflammatory arthritides, systemic sepsis and systemic amyloidosis. Among the above studies, it was discovered that LECT2 could be a promising molecular biomarker and therapeutic target. This review summarizes LECT2-related receptors and pathways, basic and clinical researches, primarily in mice and human, for a better comprehension and management of these diseases in the future.

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