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Neuromolecular Med ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253686


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously produced as byproducts of aerobic metabolism. Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the occurrence of several neurodegenerative diseases as well as aging because of the accumulation of ROS. Gnaq is a member of G protein α subunits. It has been reported that the expression level of Gnaq in the mouse forebrain cortex was significantly decreased with age in our previous study; therefore, we supposed that Gnaq contributes to attenuate the OS. In this study, we generated a Gnaq-overexpression cell using gene recombinant technique and lentivirus transfection technique in a neuron-like PC12 cell, and investigated whether Gnaq had antioxidant effects in PC12 cells treated with H2O2. The viability of cells, concentration of ROS, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, expression of antioxidant enzymes, activation of NF-κB and apoptosis were compared between Gnaq-PC12 cells and Vector-PC12 cells. Results showed that, compared with Vector-PC12 cells, the antioxidative ability of Gnaq-PC12 cells was significantly improved, while the ROS level in Gnaq-PC12 cells was significantly decreased. Nrf2 nuclear translocation was up-regulated and NF-κB nuclear translocation was down-regulated in Gnaq-PC12 cells after H2O2 treatment. The results suggest that Gnaq plays a crucial role in neuroprotection in PC12 cells. A possible mechanism for this would be that the overexpressed Gnaq enhances the antioxidative effect mediated by Nrf2 signal pathway and inhibits the cellular damaging effect through NF-κB signal pathway.