Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 23
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383242

RESUMO

Metal halide perovskites with reduced-dimensional (RD) crystal structures have attracted attention for application in photovoltaics. The insertion of large organic cations increases the crystal formation energy and regulates the growth orientation of the inorganic domains, which benefits materials and device stability. However, the power conversion performance of RD perovskite devices is curtailed by the insulating nature of the bulky cations. Here we investigate a series of RD perovskites with 2-thiophenmethylammonium (TMA) as the intercalating cation. Compared with traditional ligands, such as phenethylammonium (PEA), TMA demonstrates improved electron transfer in the inorganic framework. In addition, TMA modifies the near-bandedge integrity of the RD perovskite, improving hole transport. We achieve as a result a power conversion efficiency of 19%, the highest efficiency reported to date for TMA-based RD perovskite photovoltaics; these TMA devices provide a 12% relative increase in PCE compared to control RD perovskite devices that use PEA as the intercalating ligand, a result of the improved charge transfer from the inorganic layer to the organic ligands.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227970

RESUMO

Increasing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solar cells has relied on improving the passivation of CQD surfaces, enhancing CQD coupling and charge transport, and advancing device architecture. The presence of hydroxyl groups on the nanoparticle surface, as well as dimers-fusion between CQDs-has been found to be the major source of trap states, detrimental to optoelectronic properties and device performance. Here, we introduce a CQD reconstruction step that decreases surface hydroxyl groups and dimers simultaneously. We explored the dynamic interaction of charge carriers between band-edge states and trap states in CQDs using time-resolved spectroscopy, showing that trap to ground-state recombination occurs mainly from surface defects in coupled CQD solids passivated using simple metal halides. Using CQD reconstruction, we demonstrate a 60% reduction in trap density and a 25% improvement in charge diffusion length. These translate into a PCE of 12.5% compared to 10.9% for control CQDs.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e1906199, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196136

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are of interest in light of their solution-processing and bandgap tuning. Advances in the performance of CQD optoelectronic devices require fine control over the properties of each layer in the device materials stack. This is particularly challenging in the present best CQD solar cells, since these employ a p-type hole-transport layer (HTL) implemented using 1,2-ethanedithiol (EDT) ligand exchange on top of the CQD active layer. It is established that the high reactivity of EDT causes a severe chemical modification to the active layer that deteriorates charge extraction. By combining elemental mapping with the spatial charge collection efficiency in CQD solar cells, the key materials interface dominating the subpar performance of prior CQD PV devices is demonstrated. This motivates to develop a chemically orthogonal HTL that consists of malonic-acid-crosslinked CQDs. The new crosslinking strategy preserves the surface chemistry of the active layer beneath, and at the same time provides the needed efficient charge extraction. The new HTL enables a 1.4× increase in charge carrier diffusion length in the active layer; and as a result leads to an improvement in power conversion efficiency to 13.0% compared to EDT standard cells (12.2%).

4.
Science ; 367(6482): 1135-1140, 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139544

RESUMO

Stacking solar cells with decreasing band gaps to form tandems presents the possibility of overcoming the single-junction Shockley-Queisser limit in photovoltaics. The rapid development of solution-processed perovskites has brought perovskite single-junction efficiencies >20%. However, this process has yet to enable monolithic integration with industry-relevant textured crystalline silicon solar cells. We report tandems that combine solution-processed micrometer-thick perovskite top cells with fully textured silicon heterojunction bottom cells. To overcome the charge-collection challenges in micrometer-thick perovskites, we enhanced threefold the depletion width at the bases of silicon pyramids. Moreover, by anchoring a self-limiting passivant (1-butanethiol) on the perovskite surfaces, we enhanced the diffusion length and further suppressed phase segregation. These combined enhancements enabled an independently certified power conversion efficiency of 25.7% for perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells. These devices exhibited negligible performance loss after a 400-hour thermal stability test at 85°C and also after 400 hours under maximum power point tracking at 40°C.

5.
Nat Mater ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042078

RESUMO

The composition of perovskite has been optimized combinatorially such that it often contains six components (AxByC1-x-yPbXzY3-z) in state-of-art perovskite solar cells. Questions remain regarding the precise role of each component, and the lack of a mechanistic explanation limits the practical exploration of the large and growing chemical space. Here, aided by transient photoluminescence microscopy, we find that, in perovskite single crystals, carrier diffusivity is in fact independent of composition. In polycrystalline thin films, the different compositions play a crucial role in carrier diffusion. We report that methylammonium (MA)-based films show a high carrier diffusivity of 0.047 cm2 s-1, while MA-free mixed caesium-formamidinium (CsFA) films exhibit an order of magnitude lower diffusivity. Elemental composition studies show that CsFA grains display a graded composition. This curtails electron diffusion in these films, as seen in both vertical carrier transport and surface potential studies. Incorporation of MA leads to a uniform grain core-to-edge composition, giving rise to a diffusivity of 0.034 cm2 s-1 in CsMAFA films. A model that invokes competing crystallization processes allows us to account for this finding, and suggests further strategies to achieve homogeneous crystallization for the benefit of perovskite optoelectronics.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e1907058, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030824

RESUMO

The development of narrow-bandgap (Eg ≈ 1.2 eV) mixed tin-lead (Sn-Pb) halide perovskites enables all-perovskite tandem solar cells. Whereas pure-lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have advanced simultaneously in efficiency and stability, achieving this crucial combination remains a challenge in Sn-Pb PSCs. Here, Sn-Pb perovskite grains are anchored with ultrathin layered perovskites to overcome the efficiency-stability tradeoff. Defect passivation is achieved both on the perovskite film surface and at grain boundaries, an approach implemented by directly introducing phenethylammonium ligands in the antisolvent. This improves device operational stability and also avoids the excess formation of layered perovskites that would otherwise hinder charge transport. Sn-Pb PSCs with fill factors of 79% and a certified power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 18.95% are reported-among the highest for Sn-Pb PSCs. Using this approach, a 200-fold enhancement in device operating lifetime is achieved relative to the nonpassivated Sn-Pb PSCs under full AM1.5G illumination, and a 200 h diurnal operating time without efficiency drop is achieved under filtered AM1.5G illumination.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 388: 122065, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954306

RESUMO

Bioremediation of cadmium polluted soil using biochar (BC) and plant growth promotion bacteria (PGPB) have been widely concerned. In our study, a novel Cd immobilizing PGPB strain TZ5 was isolated based on the Cd immobilizing potential and plant growth promotion (PGP) traits. Further, changes of surface morphology and functional groups of TZ5 cells were observed after exposed to Cd2+ by SEM-EDS and FTIR analyses. Then, the strain TZ5 was successfully loaded on BC as biochemical composites material (BCM). Pot experiment indicated that the percentage of acetic acid-extractable Cd in BCM treatments significantly decreased by 11.34 % than control. Meanwhile, BCM significantly increased the dry weight of ryegrass by 77.78 %, and decreased the Cd concentration of ryegrass by 48.49 %, compared to control. Microbial counts and soil enzyme activities in rhizosphere were both significantly improved by BCM. Furthermore, the proportion of relative abundance of Bacillus genus was enhanced after treated by BCM, which indicated that the strain TZ5 was successfully colonized in the rhizosphere. This study provided a practical strategy for bioremediation of Cd contaminated soil.

8.
Adv Mater ; 32(7): e1906497, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930771

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are promising materials for photovoltaic (PV) applications owing to their size-tunable bandgap and solution processing. However, reports on CQD PV stability have been limited so far to storage in the dark; or operation illuminated, but under an inert atmosphere. CQD PV devices that are stable under continuous operation in air have yet to be demonstrated-a limitation that is shown here to arise due to rapid oxidation of both CQDs and surface passivation. Here, a stable CQD PV device under continuous operation in air is demonstrated by introducing additional potassium iodide (KI) on the CQD surface that acts as a shielding layer and thus stands in the way of oxidation of the CQD surface. The devices (unencapsulated) retain >80% of their initial efficiency following 300 h of continuous operation in air, whereas CQD PV devices without KI lose the amount of performance within just 21 h. KI shielding also provides improved surface passivation and, as a result, a higher power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.6% compared with 11.4% for control devices.

9.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959929

RESUMO

Chirality-the property of an object wherein it is distinguishable from its mirror image-is of widespread interest in chemistry and biology1-6. Regioselective magnetization of one-dimensional semiconductors enables anisotropic magnetism at room temperature, as well as the manipulation of spin polarization-the properties essential for spintronics and quantum computing technology7. To enable oriented magneto-optical functionalities, the growth of magnetic units has to be achieved at targeted locations on a parent nanorod. However, this challenge is yet to be addressed in the case of materials with a large lattice mismatch. Here, we report the regioselective magnetization of nanorods independent of lattice mismatch via buffer intermediate catalytic layers that modify interfacial energetics and promote regioselective growth of otherwise incompatible materials. Using this strategy, we combine materials with distinct lattices, chemical compositions and magnetic properties, that is, a magnetic component (Fe3O4) and a series of semiconducting nanorods absorbing across the ultraviolet and visible spectrum at specific locations. The resulting heteronanorods exhibit optical activity as induced by the location-specific magnetic field. The regioselective magnetization strategy presented here enables a path to designing optically active nanomaterials for chirality and spintronics.

10.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124706, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493754

RESUMO

The remediation effect of organic acids in heavy metal contaminated soil was widely studied. However, the comprehensive evaluation of organic acids on micro-ecological environment in heavy metal contaminated soil was less known. Herein, this experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of malic acid, citric acid and oxalic acid on soil fertility, cadmium (Cd) speciation and ecotoxicity in contaminated soil. Especially, to evaluate the ecotoxicity of Cd, high-throughput sequencing was used to investigate the soil bacterial community structure and diversity after incubation with organic acids. The results showed that obvious changes in soil pH were not observed. Whereas, the contents of available phosphorus (Olsen-P) and alkali hydrolysable nitrogen (Alkeline-N) evidently increased with a significant difference. Furthermore, compared to control, the proportion of acetic acid-extractable Cd increased by 3.06-6.63%, 6.11-9.43% and 1.91-6.22% respectively in the groups amended with malic acid, citric acid and oxalic acid, which indicated that citric acid did better in improving the availability of Cd than malic acid and oxalic acid. In terms of biological properties, citric acid did best in bacteria count increase, enzyme activities and bacterial community structure improvement. Accordingly, these results provided a better understanding for the influence of organic acids on the micro-ecological environment in Cd contaminated soil, based on physicochemical and biological analysis.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacologia , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Ácido Cítrico/farmacologia , Ecotoxicologia , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Malatos/química , Malatos/farmacologia , Ácido Oxálico/química , Ácido Oxálico/farmacologia , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(44): 41030-41037, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600052

RESUMO

Microenvironmental factors play critical roles in regulating stem cell fate, providing a rationale to engineer biomimetic microenvironments that facilitate rapid and effective stem cell differentiation. Three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical microarchitectures have been developed to enable rapid neural differentiation of multipotent human mesenchymal stromal cells (HMSCs) via mechanotransduction. However, low cell viability during long-term culture and poor cell recovery efficiency from the architectures were also observed. Such problems hinder further applications of the architectures in stem cell differentiation. Here, we present improved 3D nanostructured microarchitectures functionalized with cell-adhesion-promoting arginylglycylaspartic acid (RGD) peptides. These RGD-functionalized architectures significantly upregulated long-term cell viability and facilitated effective recovery of differentiated cells from the architectures while maintaining high differentiation efficiency. Efficient recovery of highly viable differentiated cells enabled the downstream analysis of morphology and protein expression to be performed. Remarkably, even after the removal of the mechanical stimulus provided by the 3D microarchitectures, the recovered HMSCs showed a neuron-like elongated morphology for 10 days and consistently expressed microtubule-associated protein 2, a mature neural marker. RGD-functionalized nanostructured microarchitectures hold great potential to guide effective differentiation of highly viable stem cells.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(36): 14180-14189, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422664

RESUMO

The deployment of perovskite solar cells will rely on further progress in the operating and ambient stability of active layers and interfaces within these materials. Low-dimensional perovskites, also known as perovskite quantum wells (PQWs), utilize organic ligands to protect the perovskite lattice from degradation and offer to improve device stability; combining 2D and 3D perovskites in heterostructures has been shown to take advantage of the high efficiency of the majority 3D active layers and combine it with the improved stability of a thin 2D top layer. Prior PQWs have relied on relatively weak interwell van der Waals bonding between hydrophobic organic moieties of the ligands. Here we instead use the ligand 4-vinylbenzylammonium to form well-ordered PQWs atop a 3D perovskite layer. The ligand's vinyl group is activated using UV light which photochemically forms new covalent bonds among PQWs. UV-cross-linked 2D/3D devices show improved operational stability as well as improved long-term dark stability in air: they retain 90% of their initial efficiency after 2300 h of dark aging compared to a retention of 20% of performance in the case of 3D films. The UV-cross-linked PQWs and 2D/3D interfaces reduce device hysteresis and improve the open-circuit voltages to values up to 1.20 V, resulting in more efficient devices (PCE of up to 20.4%). This work highlights the exploitation of the chemical reactivity of PQW ligands to tailor the molecular properties of PQW interfaces for improved stability and performance in 2D/3D perovskite photovoltaics.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(20): 8296-8305, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055917

RESUMO

Metal halide perovskites exhibit outstanding optoelectronic properties: superior charge carrier mobilities, low densities of deep trap states, high photoluminescence quantum yield, and wide color tunability. The introduction of dopant ions provides pathways to manipulate the electronic and chemical features of perovskites. In metal halide perovskites ABX3, where A is a monovalent cation (e.g., methylammonium (MA+), Cs+), B is the divalent metal ion(s) (e.g., Pb2+, Sn2+), and X is the halide group (e.g., Cl-, Br-, or I-), the isovalent exchange of A- and X-site ions has been widely accomplished; in contrast, strategies to exchange B-site cations are underexamined. The activation energies for vacancy-mediated diffusion of B-site cations are much higher than those for A- and X-sites, leading to slow doping processes and low doping ratios. Herein we demonstrate a new method that exchanges B-site cations in perovskites. We design a series of metal carboxylate solutions that anchor on the perovskite surface, allowing fast and efficient doping of B-sites with both homovalent and heterovalent cations (e.g., Sn2+, Zn2+, Bi3+) at room temperature. The doping process in the reduced-dimensional perovskites is complete within 1 min, whereas a similar reaction only leads to the surface attachment of dopant ions in three-dimensional structures. We offer a model based on ammonium extraction and surface ion-pair substitution.

14.
Adv Mater ; 31(14): e1807435, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30740780

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have seen a rapid rise in power conversion efficiencies in recent years; however, they still suffer from interfacial recombination and charge extraction losses at interfaces between the perovskite absorber and the charge-transport layers. Here, in situ back-contact passivation (BCP) that reduces interfacial and extraction losses between the perovskite absorber and the hole transport layer (HTL) is reported. A thin layer of nondoped semiconducting polymer at the perovskite/HTL interface is introduced and it is shown that the use of the semiconductor polymer permits-in contrast with previously studied insulator-based passivants-the use of a relatively thick passivating layer. It is shown that a flat-band alignment between the perovskite and polymer passivation layers achieves a high photovoltage and fill factor: the resultant BCP enables a photovoltage of 1.15 V and a fill factor of 83% in 1.53 eV bandgap PSCs, leading to an efficiency of 21.6% in planar solar cells.

15.
Adv Mater ; 30(45): e1803830, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276885

RESUMO

The best-performing colloidal-quantum-dot (CQD) photovoltaic devices suffer from charge recombination within the quasi-neutral region near the back hole-extracting junction. Graded architectures, which provide a widened depletion region at the back junction of device, could overcome this challenge. However, since today's best materials are processed using solvents that lack orthogonality, these architectures have not yet been implemented using the best-performing CQD solids. Here, a new CQD ink that is stable in nonpolar solvents is developed via a neutral donor ligand that functions as a phase-transfer catalyst. This enables the realization of an efficient graded architecture that, with an engineered band-alignment at the back junction, improves the built-in field and charge extraction. As a result, optimized IR CQD solar cells (Eg ≈ 1.3 eV) exhibiting a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.3% are reported. The strategy is applied to small-bandgap (1 eV) IR CQDs to augment the performance of perovskite and crystalline silicon (cSi) 4-terminal tandem solar cells. The devices show the highest PCE addition achieved using a solution-processed active layer: a value of +5% when illuminated through a 1.58 eV bandgap perovskite front filter, providing a pathway to exceed PCEs of 23% in 4T tandem configurations with IR CQD PVs.

16.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 4003, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275457

RESUMO

As crystalline silicon solar cells approach in efficiency their theoretical limit, strategies are being developed to achieve efficient infrared energy harvesting to augment silicon using solar photons from beyond its 1100 nm absorption edge. Herein we report a strategy that uses multi-bandgap lead sulfide colloidal quantum dot (CQD) ensembles to maximize short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage simultaneously. We engineer the density of states to achieve simultaneously a large quasi-Fermi level splitting and a tailored optical response that matches the infrared solar spectrum. We shape the density of states by selectively introducing larger-bandgap CQDs within a smaller-bandgap CQD population, achieving a 40 meV increase in open-circuit voltage. The near-unity internal quantum efficiency in the optimized multi-bandgap CQD ensemble yielded a maximized photocurrent of 3.7 ± 0.2 mA cm-2. This provides a record for silicon-filtered power conversion efficiency equal to one power point, a 25% (relative) improvement compared to the best previously-reported results.

17.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3100, 2018 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082722

RESUMO

Efficient wide-bandgap perovskite solar cells (PSCs) enable high-efficiency tandem photovoltaics when combined with crystalline silicon and other low-bandgap absorbers. However, wide-bandgap PSCs today exhibit performance far inferior to that of sub-1.6-eV bandgap PSCs due to their tendency to form a high density of deep traps. Here, we show that healing the deep traps in wide-bandgap perovskites-in effect, increasing the defect tolerance via cation engineering-enables further performance improvements in PSCs. We achieve a stabilized power conversion efficiency of 20.7% for 1.65-eV bandgap PSCs by incorporating dipolar cations, with a high open-circuit voltage of 1.22 V and a fill factor exceeding 80%. We also obtain a stabilized efficiency of 19.1% for 1.74-eV bandgap PSCs with a high open-circuit voltage of 1.25 V. From density functional theory calculations, we find that the presence and reorientation of the dipolar cation in mixed cation-halide perovskites heals the defects that introduce deep trap states.

18.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 13(6): 456-462, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29686291

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are promising photovoltaic (PV) materials because of their widely tunable absorption spectrum controlled by nanocrystal size1,2. Their bandgap tunability allows not only the optimization of single-junction cells, but also the fabrication of multijunction cells that complement perovskites and silicon 3 . Advances in surface passivation2,4-7, combined with advances in device structures 8 , have contributed to certified power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) that rose to 11% in 2016 9 . Further gains in performance are available if the thickness of the devices can be increased to maximize the light harvesting at a high fill factor (FF). However, at present the active layer thickness is limited to ~300 nm by the concomitant photocarrier diffusion length. To date, CQD devices thicker than this typically exhibit decreases in short-circuit current (JSC) and open-circuit voltage (VOC), as seen in previous reports3,9-11. Here, we report a matrix engineering strategy for CQD solids that significantly enhances the photocarrier diffusion length. We find that a hybrid inorganic-amine coordinating complex enables us to generate a high-quality two-dimensionally (2D) confined inorganic matrix that programmes internanoparticle spacing at the atomic scale. This strategy enables the reduction of structural and energetic disorder in the solid and concurrent improvements in the CQD packing density and uniformity. Consequently, planar devices with a nearly doubled active layer thicknesses (~600 nm) and record values of JSC (32 mA cm-2) are fabricated. The VOC improved as the current was increased. We demonstrate CQD solar cells with a certified record efficiency of 12%.

19.
Adv Mater ; 30(13): e1706275, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29441615

RESUMO

Wide-bandgap (WBG) formamidinium-cesium (FA-Cs) lead iodide-bromide mixed perovskites are promising materials for front cells well-matched with crystalline silicon to form tandem solar cells. They offer avenues to augment the performance of widely deployed commercial solar cells. However, phase instability, high open-circuit voltage (Voc ) deficit, and large hysteresis limit this otherwise promising technology. Here, by controlling the crystallization of FA-Cs WBG perovskite with the aid of a formamide cosolvent, light-induced phase segregation and hysteresis in perovskite solar cells are suppressed. The highly polar solvent additive formamide induces direct formation of the black perovskite phase, bypassing the yellow phases, thereby reducing the density of defects in films. As a result, the optimized WBG perovskite solar cells (PSCs) (Eg ≈ 1.75 eV) exhibit a high Voc of 1.23 V, reduced hysteresis, and a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 17.8%. A PCE of 15.2% on 1.1 cm2 solar cells, the highest among the reported efficiencies for large-area PSCs having this bandgap is also demonstrated. These perovskites show excellent phase stability and thermal stability, as well as long-term air stability. They maintain ≈95% of their initial PCE after 1300 h of storage in dry air without encapsulation.

20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 37(2): 171-174, 2017 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of auricular point sticking on prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal complications after gynecological laparoscopic operation of general anesthesia, and to explore whether it is achieved by regulating the secretion of plasma motilin (MTL). METHODS: Sixty patients who received selective gynecological laparoscopy under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 30 patients in each one. The patients in the observation group were treated with auricular point sticking at each morning and night, 30 min before anesthesia, revival after surgery and 24 h after surgery. The adhesive fabric with vaccaria seeds was pressed at shenmen (TF4), wei (CO4), benmen (CO3), jiaogan (AH6a) and pizhixia (AT4) for 3 to 5 min until the sensation of sourness, distension and numb appeared. The treatment was given for one week. The patients in the control group were treated only with similar adhesive fabric at auricular points at identical time points; each auricular point was pressed for 3 to 5 min. The anus exhaust time, defecating time and borborygmus were recorded; the level of plasma MTL was tested 30 min before anesthesia, 24 h after o-peration and 48 h after operation; the occurrence of nausea and vomiting from the end of operation to the end of treatment were also recorded. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the occurrence of nausea after operation was reduced in the observation group (P<0.05), and the anus exhaust time and defecating time were shortened (both P<0.05), and the recovery of borborygmus was improved (P<0.05). The levels of MTL 24 h and 48 h after surgery were higher than those before operation in the two groups (all P<0.05); The levels of MTL 24 h and 48 h after surgery in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The assist of auricular point sticking could reduce the occurrence of nausea-vomiting and accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in gynecological laparoscopic operation under general anesthesia, which is likely to be related with the inhibition on excess secretion of MTL.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Acupuntura Auricular , Anestesia Geral , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Motilina/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Náusea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/sangue
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA