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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(4): 875-880, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472488

RESUMO

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is considered a robust prognostic biomarker for predicting patient survival outcomes in many diseases. However, it remains unclear whether it can be used as a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To correlate NLR with disease progression and survival in sporadic ALS, 1030 patients with ALS between January 2012 and December 2018 were included in this study. These patients were assigned into three groups according to their NLR values: Group 1 (NLR < 2, n = 544 [52.8%]), Group 2 (NLR = 2-3, n = 314 [30.5%]), and Group 3 (NLR > 3, n = 172 [16.7%]). All patients were followed up until April 2020. Patients in Group 3 had a significantly older onset age, a lower score on the Revised ALS Functional Rating Scale, and rapidly progressing disease conditions. Furthermore, faster disease progression rates were associated with higher NLR values (odds ratio = 1.211, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.090-1.346, P < 0.001) after adjusting for other risk factors. Compared with Groups 1 and 2, the survival time in Group 3 was significantly shorter (log-rank P = 0.002). The NLR value was considered an independent parameter for the prediction of survival in ALS patients after normalizing for all other potential parameters (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.079, 95% CI: 1.016-1.146, P = 0.014). The effects on ALS survival remained significant when adjusted for treatment (HR = 1.074, 95% CI: 1.012-1.141, Ptrend = 0.019) or when considering the stratified NLR value (HR = 1.115, 95% CI: 1.009-1.232, Ptrend = 0.033). Thus, the NLR may help to predict the rate of disease progression and survival in patients with sporadic ALS. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, China (approval No. 2015 (236)) on December 23, 2015.

2.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 749949, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764851

RESUMO

Objective: Vascular risk factors have been reported to be associated with cognitive impairment (CI) in the general population, but their role on CI in multiple system atrophy (MSA) is unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between vascular risk factors and CI in patients with MSA. Methods: The clinical data and vascular risk factors were collected. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment tool was used to test the cognitive function of patients with MSA. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between vascular risk factors and CI. Results: A total of 658 patients with MSA with a mean disease duration of 2.55 ± 1.47 years were enrolled. In MSA patients, hypertension was recorded in 20.2%, diabetes mellitus in 10.3%, hyperlipidemia in 10.2%, smoking in 41.2%, drinking in 34.8%, and obesity in 9.6%. The prevalence of CI in patients with MSA, MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P), and MSA with predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C) was 45.0, 45.1, and 44.9%, respectively. In the binary logistic regression model, patients with more than one vascular risk factors were significantly more likely to have CI in MSA (OR = 4.298, 95% CI 1.456-12.691, P = 0.008) and MSA-P (OR = 6.952, 95% CI 1.390-34.774, P = 0.018), after adjusting for age, sex, educational years, disease duration, and total Unified multiple system atrophy rating scale scores. Conclusion: Multiple vascular risk factors had a cumulative impact on CI in MSA. Therefore, the comprehensive management of vascular risk factors in MSA should not be neglected.

3.
Neurology ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-motor symptoms are common in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA), but there is limited knowledge regarding fatigue in MSA. This study aimed to investigate the frequency and evolution of fatigue and the factors related to fatigue and its progression in patients with MSA at an early stage. METHODS: Patients with probable MSA were comprehensively evaluated at both baseline and the 1-year follow-up, including their motor and non-motor symptoms. Fatigue and anxiety were assessed using the fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HARS), respectively. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) was defined as a decrease in the systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure by at least 30 mmHg and 15 mmHg, respectively. The binary logistic regression model and linear regression model were used to analyze the factors related to fatigue and its progression, respectively. RESULTS: This study enrolled 146 patients with MSA. The frequency of fatigue was 60.3%, 55.1%, and 64.9% in MSA, MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P), and MSA with predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C), respectively. The frequency of fatigue and the FSS score in MSA patients increased from baseline to the 1-year follow-up (P < 0.05). Young age (OR 0.939, 95% CI 0.894-0.987), OH (OR 2.806, 95% CI 1.253-6.286), and high HARS score (OR 1.014, 95% CI 1.035-1.177) were associated with fatigue in MSA. OH was associated with fatigue in MSA-P (OR 3.391, 95% CI 1.066-10.788), while high HARS score was associated with fatigue in MSA-C (OR 1.159, 95% CI 1.043-1.287). Additionally, only low FSS scores at baseline were associated with the annual progression rate of FSS scores in MSA, MSA-P, and MSA-C (P<0.05). Neurofilament light chain, α-synuclein, glial fibrillary acidic protein, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-2 were not significantly associated with fatigue and its progression in MSA. CONCLUSION: Fatigue was prevalent in early-stage MSA, and it increased and remained persistent over time. This study demonstrated that OH and anxiety were associated with fatigue in MSA patients.

4.
Front Neurol ; 12: 655674, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650501

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the prevalence and clinical correlates of pathological laughter and crying (PLC) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: A total of 1,031 ALS patients were enrolled between August 2012 and August 2019. The PLC was recorded by a face-to-face interview. Other characteristics of patients, including depression, anxiety, cognition, and behavior function, were also evaluated. The potential associated factors of PLC were explored using forward binary regression analysis. Survival was analyzed in groups using propensity score matching (PSM) and Cox proportional hazards models. Results: The prevalence of PLC was 11.4% in all patients at baseline. Bulbar-onset and female patients had higher prevalence of PLC. The multivariate regression analysis indicated that PLC in ALS was associated with bulbar onset (p < 0.001), late disease stage (p < 0.001), and higher score in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) (p = 0.012). The higher score of HDRS was significantly and independently associated with PLC occurrence in bulbar-onset patients (p = 0.032). The late disease stage was related to PLC occurrence in spinal-onset patients (p < 0.001). After comparison with matched pairs by using PSM, PLC at baseline had no impact on survival. Conclusion: PLC was not uncommon in ALS, especially in bulbar-onset and female patients. We highlighted that the emotional state other than cognitive function had possible relationship with PLC in ALS.

5.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

6.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 181, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to appraise the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measured by the five-level EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D-5L) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and to explore the associations between non-motor symptoms (mood changes, cognitive disturbances and sleep disturbances). METHODS: EQ-5D-5L descriptive scores were converted into a single aggregated "health utility" score. A calibrated visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) was used for self-rating of current health status. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to explore the factors associated with HRQoL. RESULTS: Among the 547 enrolled ALS patients who were assessed using EQ-5D-5L, the highest frequency of reported problems was with usual activities (76.7%), followed by self-care (68.8%) and anxiety/depression (62.0%). The median health utility score was 0.78 and the median EQ-VAS score was 70. Clinical factors corresponding to differences in the EQ-5D-5L health utility score included age of onset, onset region, the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) score, and King's College stages. Patients with depression, anxiety, and poor sleep had lower health utility scores. Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder had lower EQ-VAS scores. Multivariate logistic analysis indicated that ALSFRS-R scores, depression, and anxiety were associated with health utility scores. After adjusting other parameters, ALSFRS-R score, stages, and depression were significantly associated with EQ-VAS scores (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study examined HRQoL in ALS patients using the Chinese version of the EQ-5D-5L scale across different stages of the disease. We found that HRQoL is related to disease severity and to mood disturbances. Management of non-motor symptoms may help improve HRQoL in ALS patients.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/psicologia , Ansiedade , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Medição da Dor , Autocuidado , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escala Visual Analógica
8.
J Parkinsons Dis ; 11(4): 1845-1855, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have indicated that variants in several lysosomal genes are risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of lysosomal genes in PD in Asian populations is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze rare variants in lysosomal related genes in Chinese population with early-onset and familial PD. METHODS: In total, 1,136 participants, including 536 and 600 patients with sporadic early-onset PD (SEOPD) and familial PD, respectively, underwent whole-exome sequencing to assess the genetic etiology. Rare variants in PD were investigated in 67 candidate lysosomal related genes (LRGs), including 15 lysosomal function-related genes and 52 lysosomal storage disorder genes. RESULTS: Compared with the autosomal dominant PD (ADPD) or SEOPD cohorts, a much higher proportion of patients with multiple rare damaging variants of LRGs were found in the autosomal recessive PD (ARPD) cohort. At a gene level, rare damaging variants in GBA and MAN2B1 were enriched in PD, but in SCARB2, MCOLN1, LYST, VPS16, and VPS13C were much less in patients. At an allele level, GBA p. Leu483Pro was found to increase the risk of PD. Genotype-phenotype correlation showed no significance in the clinical features among patients carrying a discrepant number of rare variants in LRGs. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests rare variants in LRGs might be more important in the pathogenicity of ARPD cases compared with ADPD or SEOPD. We further confirm rare variants in GBA are involve in PD pathogenecity and other genes associated with PD identified in this study should be supported with more evidence.

9.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 181, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Camptocormia is common in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). The current study was aimed at assessing the frequency of camptocormia and its related factors in MSA patients with different disease durations. Also, the impact of camptocormia on disability was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 716 patients were enrolled in the study. They were classified into three groups based on disease duration (≤ 3, 3-5, ≥ 5 years). Specific scales were used to evaluate the motor and non-motor symptoms. Disease severity was assessed using the Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS). The binary logistic regression model was used to explore the factors related to camptocormia. To analyze the impact of camptocormia on disability in patients with disease duration less than 5 years, propensity score matching (PSM) and stratified Cox regression analysis were used. RESULTS: In the current study, we found that the frequency of camptocormia was 8.9, 19.7 and 19.2% when the disease duration was ≤3, 3-5, ≥ 5 years, respectively. In the disease duration ≤3 years group, we found that MSA-parkinsonian subtype (MSA-P) (OR = 2.043, P = 0.043), higher total UMSARS score (OR = 1.063, P < 0.001), older age of onset (OR = 1.047, P = 0.042), and lower score on the frontal assessment battery (FAB) (OR = 0.899, P = 0.046) were associated with camptocormia. Only greater disease severity was associated with camptocormia in the group of patients with disease duration 3-5 years (OR = 1.494, P = 0.025) and in the group of patients with disease duration ≥5 years (OR = 1.076, P = 0.005). There was no significant impact of camptocormia on disability in patients with a disease duration of < 5 years (HR = 0.687, P = 0.463). CONCLUSION: The frequency of camptocormia increased with prolonged disease duration. Disease severity was related to camptocormia at different stages of the disease. The MSA-P subtype, older age of onset, and lower FAB score were associated with camptocormia in the early stage of the disease.


Assuntos
Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas/complicações , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/etiologia , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Idade de Início , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
10.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(7): 3435-3442, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723766

RESUMO

Functional and genetic studies have identified association between several Zinc finger (ZNF) proteins and Parkinson's disease (PD). However, most of them were still awaiting further replications, especially in the Asian population. Here, we systematically selected PD-relevant ZNF genes and analyzed the genetic associations between these ZNFs and PD in a large Chinese PD cohort. We identified rare variants (minor allele frequency < 0.01) in 743 unrelated patients with early-onset PD (EOPD, age at onset < 50 years) using whole exome sequencing and evaluated the association between rare variants and EOPD at both allele and gene levels. Totally 91 rare variants were identified in ZNF746, ZNF646, ZNF184, ZNF165, ZND219, and GLIS1. One variant p.R373H in ZNF219 and two variants p.G161D and p.R158H in ZNF746 were significantly associated with EOPD, and gene-based burden analysis showed enrichment of rare variants of ZNF746 in EOPD. Our findings build up the connection between ZNF746 and PD from a genetic perspective for the first time, supplement current understanding for the genetic role of ZNFs in EOPD, and broaden the mutation spectrum in PD.

11.
Brain Res Bull ; 171: 10-15, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to measure the monthly rate of weight loss during 6 months prior to a diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to explore the effect on prognosis. METHODS: We enrolled 522 patients free from eating difficulties and with short diagnostic delay between June 2014 to June 2019. The calculating formula for the monthly rate of weight loss=[(weight at baseline-weight at diagnosis)/(weight at baseline*100 %)]/time interval. We employed logistic regression analysis to reveal any association between weight loss and cognitive dysfunction. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: Weight loss was observed in 272 patients (52.1 %). Patients with severe weight loss had an older age of onset, a lower ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised score, a faster disease progression rate, and higher frequencies of executive dysfunction and cognitive decline. The monthly rate of weight loss was associated with executive dysfunction and cognitive decline after adjusting for the emotional state. The stratified monthly rate of weight loss was strongly and independently related to ALS survival after adjusting for confounding factors (HR = 1.473, P trend<0.001). Each upper ladder of the rate of weight loss was correlated with worse survival and a 47.3 % (95 % CI: 25.0-73.6 %) increased risk of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss is very common in patients with ALS and is associated with poor survival. It is also associated with executive dysfunction and cognitive decline. An important mechanism of weight loss in the early stage of this disease may be hypermetabolism.

12.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 27, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested comorbidity between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and autoimmune disorders. However, little is known about their shared genetic architecture. METHODS: To examine the relation between ALS and 10 autoimmune diseases, including asthma, celiac disease (CeD), Crohn's disease (CD), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS), psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), type 1 diabetes (T1D), and ulcerative colitis (UC), and identify shared risk loci, we first estimated the genetic correlation using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies, and then analyzed the genetic enrichment leveraging the conditional false discovery rate statistical method. RESULTS: We identified a significant positive genetic correlation between ALS and CeD, MS, RA, and SLE, as well as a significant negative genetic correlation between ALS and IBD, UC, and CD. Robust genetic enrichment was observed between ALS and CeD and MS, and moderate enrichment was found between ALS and UC and T1D. Thirteen shared genetic loci were identified, among which five were suggestively significant in another ALS GWAS, namely rs3828599 (GPX3), rs3849943 (C9orf72), rs7154847 (G2E3), rs6571361 (SCFD1), and rs9903355 (GGNBP2). By integrating cis-expression quantitative trait loci analyses in Braineac and GTEx, we further identified GGNBP2, ATXN3, and SLC9A8 as novel ALS risk genes. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that the shared risk genes were involved in four pathways including membrane trafficking, vesicle-mediated transport, ER to Golgi anterograde transport, and transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a specific genetic correlation between ALS and autoimmune diseases and identify shared risk loci, including three novel ALS risk genes. These results provide a better understanding for the pleiotropy of ALS and have implications for future therapeutic trials.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Doença Celíaca/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Psoríase/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas
13.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 21(4): 1243-1255, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421343

RESUMO

Chinese mahogany (Toona sinensis) is a woody plant that is widely cultivated in China and Malaysia. Toona sinensis is important economically, including as a nutritious food source, as material for traditional Chinese medicine and as a high-quality hardwood. However, the absence of a reference genome has hindered in-depth molecular and evolutionary studies of this plant. In this study, we report a high-quality T. sinensis genome assembly, with scaffolds anchored to 28 chromosomes and a total assembled length of 596 Mb (contig N50 = 1.5 Mb and scaffold N50 = 21.5 Mb). A total of 34,345 genes were predicted in the genome after homology-based and de novo annotation analyses. Evolutionary analysis showed that the genomes of T. sinensis and Populus trichocarpa diverged ~99.1-103.1 million years ago, and the T. sinensis genome underwent a recent genome-wide duplication event at ~7.8 million years and one more ancient whole genome duplication event at ~71.5 million years. These results provide a high-quality chromosome-level reference genome for T. sinensis and confirm its evolutionary position at the genomic level. Such information will offer genomic resources to study the molecular mechanism of terpenoid biosynthesis and the formation of flavour compounds, which will further facilitate its molecular breeding. As the first chromosome-level genome assembled in the family Meliaceae, it will provide unique insights into the evolution of members of the Meliaceae.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Meliaceae , Toona , China , Cromossomos de Plantas , Malásia , Filogenia , Toona/genética
14.
J Affect Disord ; 283: 60-65, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current study was aimed at examining the frequency of and potential factors related to pathological laughter and crying (PLC) in multiple system atrophy (MSA) as well as evaluating the impact of PLC on the survival of patients with early stage MSA. METHODS: A total of 465 MSA patients were enrolled in the study. The binary logistic regression model was used to explore the potential factors related to PLC. Altogether, 142 patients in their early stage (disease duration ≤3 years), who were followed up for at least two years, were included in the propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. A Cox regression model was used to analyze the impact of PLC on the survival of patients with early stage MSA. RESULTS: The frequency of PLC was 12.7%, 12.0%, and 13.2% in MSA, MSA-parkinsonian subtype (MSA-P), and MSA-cerebellar type (MSA-C), respectively. The binary logistic regression model indicated that younger age and higher total UMSARS scores were associated with PLC in MSA, MSA-P, and MSA-C patients. Additionally, for patients in the early stage, it was found that PLC was not a predictor for mortality in MSA, as indicated by the multivariate Cox regression model. CONCLUSION: PLC was not uncommon in patients with MSA, MSA-P, and MSA-C. Younger age and greater disease severity were associated with PLC in MSA, MSA-P, and MSA-C patients. PLC was not a predictor of mortality in patients with MSA.


Assuntos
Riso , Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas , Choro , Humanos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(4): 1583-1592, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219486

RESUMO

Recent genetic studies clearly indicate that variants in several lysosomal genes act as risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Variants in the co-activator of glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) and the four active saposins (Sap A-D) which are encoded by the prosaposin gene (PSAP) are of particular interest; however, their genetic roles in PD are unknown. Whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to assess the genetic etiology of 400 autosomal dominant inherited PD (ADPD) and 300 sporadic PD (SPD) patients. Variants from public databases, including Genome Aggregation Database-East Asian (GnomAD_EAS) and Chinese Millionome Database (CMDB), were used as control groups. Burden analysis based on gene and domains level were performed to investigate the role of rare PSAP variants in PD. Six rare and likely pathogenic variants, located in the Sap A-D domains, were identified and accounted for 0.75% (3/400) of ADPD and 1.33% (4/300) of SPD in the Chinese population. Based on the gene or domain, burden analysis showed that damaging missense variants in SapC had statistical significance on the risk of developing PD. Interestingly, rs4747203, an intronic variant potentially linked to PSAP expression, was associated with reduced risk for PD (p = 8.6e-7 in GnomAD EAS and p = 0.002 in Chinese). Clinically, patients carrying the likely pathogenic variants presented typical PD motor symptoms and responded well to levodopa treatment. Six out of seven patients carrying the likely pathogenic variants of PSAP presented slow disease progression, and none of the patients developed cognitive impairment. Our study expands the spectrum of mutations associated with the risk of developing PD and enhances the understanding of the relationship of the clinical phenotype of PD with PSAP variants.

16.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(3): 591-595, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985493

RESUMO

Creatine kinase is a muscle enzyme that has been reported at various levels in different studies involving patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In the present retrospective case-control study, we included 582 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and 582 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. All amyotrophic lateral sclerosis participants received treatment in the Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, China, between May 2008 and December 2018. Serum creatine kinase levels in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were significantly higher than those in healthy controls. Subgroup analysis revealed that serum creatine kinase levels in men were higher than those in women in both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients and healthy controls. Compared with patients with bulbar-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, patients with limb-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis had higher creatine kinase levels. Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that serum creatine kinase levels were not correlated with body mass index, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-Revised score, or progression rate. After adjusting for prognostic covariates, higher log creatine kinase values were correlated with higher overall survival in the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. We also investigated the longitudinal changes in serum creatine kinase levels in 81 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients; serum creatine kinase levels were decreased at the second blood test, which was sampled at least 6 months after the first blood test. Together, our results suggest that serum creatine kinase levels can be used as an independent factor for predicting the prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. This study received ethical approval from the Ethics Committee of West China Hospital, China (approval No. 2015(236)) on December 23, 2015.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(6): 690-698, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common but under-researched symptoms in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). We investigated the frequency and factors associated with sleep-related symptoms in patients with MSA and the impact of sleep disturbances on disease severity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 165 patients with MSA. Three sleep-related symptoms, namely Parkinson's disease (PD)-related sleep problems (PD-SP), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), were evaluated using the PD Sleep Scale-2 (PDSS-2), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and RBD Screening Questionnaire (RBDSQ), respectively. Disease severity was evaluated using the Unified MSA Rating Scale (UMSARS). RESULTS: The frequency of PD-SP (PDSS-2 score of ≥18), EDS (ESS score of ≥10), and RBD (RBDSQ score of ≥5) in patients with MSA was 18.8%, 27.3%, and 49.7%, respectively. The frequency of coexistence of all three sleep-related symptoms was 7.3%. Compared with the cerebellar subtype of MSA (MSA-C), the parkinsonism subtype of MSA (MSA-P) was associated with a higher frequency of PD-SP and EDS, but not of RBD. Binary logistic regression revealed that the MSA-P subtype, a higher total UMSARS score, and anxiety were associated with PD-SP; that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, the MSA-P subtype, and fatigue were associated with EDS; and that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, and autonomic onset were associated with RBD in patients with MSA. Stepwise linear regression showed that the number of sleep-related symptoms (PD-SP, EDS, and RBD), disease duration, depression, fatigue, and total Montreal Cognitive Assessment score were predictors of disease severity in patients with MSA. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep-related disorders were associated with both MSA subtypes and the severity of disease in patients with MSA, indicating that sleep disorders may reflect the distribution and degree of dopaminergic/non-dopaminergic neuron degeneration in MSA.


Assuntos
Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sono
18.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 889, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013295

RESUMO

Background: Impaired dopamine metabolism is associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Considering the overlap in the clinical and pathological characteristics between PD and multiple system atrophy (MSA), we investigated the effect of five potential functional polymorphisms in dopamine metabolism-related genes on disease susceptibility, phenotypes, and responses to dopamine in a large sample of PD and MSA patients. Methods: A total of 1506 PD patients, 496 MSA patients, and 894 healthy controls were included in this study. Five variants (rs6356 in TH, rs921451 in DDC, rs4680 in COMT, rs1799836 in MAOB, and rs1611115 in DBH) were genotyped in all cases using Sequenom iPLEX Assay technology. Results: After adjusting for gender and age at onset, except for DDC rs921451, which was associated with an increased risk of MSA (p = 0.001, OR = 1.21), no significant differences were found in genotype distribution or minor allele frequencies for the other four variants between PD and MSA patients and healthy controls. In the subgroup analysis, DDC rs921451 was associated with an increased risk for late-onset PD as well as for PD onset in males (p = 0.002 [OR = 1.13] p = 0.003 [OR = 1.15], respectively). In addition, patients harboring the risk allele DDC rs921451 required lower levodopa equivalent daily doses of dopaminergic medication than those without the risk allele (52.00 ± 21.31 mg/day, p = 0.015). Conclusion: None of the five candidate functional variants is a major determinant of the risk for PD or MSA. The modified PD phenotypes associated with these variants requires further confirmation.

19.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 2, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spastic paraplegia type 11 (SPG11) mutations are the most frequent cause of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP). We are aiming to identify the causative mutations in SPG11 among families referred to our center with ARHSP in a Chinese population. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing was performed on the patients to identify disease-causing mutations. Variants were analyzed according to their predicted pathogenicity and their relevance to the clinical phenotypes. The segregation in the family members was validated by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: A total of 12 mutations in SPG11 gene from 9 index cases were identified, including 6 frameshift mutations, 3 missense mutations, 1 nonsense mutation, 1 splicing mutation, and 1 intron deletion mutation. In 6 of these patients, the mutations were homozygous, and the other 3 patients carried two compound heterozygous mutations. Six mutations were novel; 2 were classified as pathogenic, 1 were considered as likely pathogenic, and the other 3 were variants of unknown significance. Additionally, 1 missense heterozygous variant we found was also carried by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patient. Clinically and electrophysiologically, some of our ARHSP patients partially shared various features of autosomal-recessive juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ARJALS), including combination of both UMN and LMN degeneration. CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to extending of the SPG11 gene mutation spectrum and emphasizing a putative link between ARHSP and ARJALS.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Genes Recessivos/genética , Proteínas/genética , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/genética , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 64: 324-327, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of postural deformities in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) has varied among previous studies. The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with postural deformities in Chinese MSA patients. METHODS: A total of 732 MSA patients were consecutively enrolled in the current study. Clinical data including age, sex, age of onset, disease duration, onset symptom and treatment were collected. The Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS) was used to evaluate the severity of the disease. RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen (15.6%) patients presented with camptocormia. Thirty-one (4.2%) patients manifested with Pisa syndrome. Twenty-four (3.3%) patients presented with antecollis. Patients who exhibited postural deformities were more common among the MSA patients with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) (P < 0.05). In addition, MSA patients with postural deformities had a longer disease duration compared to those patients without postural deformities (P < 0.001). After adjusting for disease duration, compared with patients without postural deformities, MSA patients with postural deformities presented with higher score of UMSARS-I (P < 0.001), UMSARS-II (P < 0.001), UMSARS-IV (P < 0.001), and total UMSARS (P < 0.001) scores. The binary logistic regression model indicated that the factors associated with postural deformity in MSA patients were the total UMSARS score (OR = 1.076, P < 0.001) and MSA-P subtype (OR = 3.870, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Postural deformities were common in Chinese MSA patients. Camptocormia was the most common type of postural deformity, followed by Pisa syndrome and antecollis. The factors associated with postural deformity were the severity of the disease and MSA-P subtype.


Assuntos
Distonia/fisiopatologia , Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas/fisiopatologia , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/fisiopatologia , Postura/fisiologia , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Distonia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas/complicações , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/etiologia , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Tronco/fisiopatologia
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