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1.
Food Chem ; 356: 129668, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827044

RESUMO

As a potential carcinogen produced in food thermal processing, acrylamide (AM) can cause irreversible harm to human health. For the detection of AM in food products, a simple fluorescent biosensor based on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and carbon quantum dots (CQDs) was developed. Reduced fluorescence intensity of CQDs at 445 nm (excitation at 350 nm) was induced by the attachment of ssDNA. In the presence of AM, ssDNA was preferentially bound to AM by hydrogen bonding and the degree of fluorescence reduction was smaller than that without AM. Under optimized conditions, results showed that the sensing approach for detecting AM had a low detection limit of 2.41 × 10-8 M in the standard solution, and a linear relationship ranging from 5 × 10-3 to 1 × 10-7 M with the determination coefficient (R2) of 0.9895 was obtained. Furthermore, a good recovery percentage (91.36-98.11%) in bread crust showed the potential for practical applications of this proposed biosensor.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728681

RESUMO

Notch signaling pathway plays crucial roles in progression of colorectal cancer (CRC), likely affecting overall survival (OS). In a two-stage survival analysis of 1116 CRC patients in East China, we found that one locus at MINAR1 out of 133 genes in the Notch signaling pathway was significantly associated with OS (P < 1 × 10-6 , false discovery rate < 0.01). This locus containing seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in high linkage disequilibrium (R2 = 1) is located on chromosome 15, of which the MINAR1 rs72430409 G allele was associated with a greater death risk (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.55-2.54, P = 6.8 × 10-8 ). Further analysis of ChIP-sequencing data from the encyclopedia of DNA Elements showed that rs72430409 and rs72630408 were potential cis-regulatory elements for the MINAR1 promoter. Additional expression quantitative trait loci analysis revealed that rs72430409 G>A and rs72630408 A>G were correlated with increased MINAR1 expression levels in both blood cells and colon tissues. Dual luciferase assays revealed that the rs72430409 A allele increased MINAR1 promoter activity. The Cancer Genome Atlas data showed that expression levels of MINAR1 in CRC samples were significantly higher than that in normal colorectal tissue and that high expression of MINAR1 was associated with a shortened OS, likely via activating the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway as shown in the gene-set enrichment analysis. In vitro, RNAi-mediated silencing of MINAR1 led to decreased migration and proliferation in CRC cancer cells, and MINAR1 silencing could downregulate the expression of key effector genes in EMT and glycolysis. Larger cohort studies and further experiments are needed to validate our findings.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellular immunity against tumor cells is highly dependent on antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules. However, few published studies have investigated associations between functional variants of MHC-I-related genes and clinical outcomes of lung cancer patients. METHODS: We performed a two-phase Cox proportional hazards regression analysis by using two previously published genome-wide association studies to evaluate associations between genetic variants in the MHC-I-related gene set and the survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, followed by expression quantitative trait loci analysis. RESULTS: Of the 7811 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 89 genes of 1185 NSCLC patients in the discovery dataset of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial, 24 SNPs remained statistically significant after validation in additional 984 NSCLC patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility Study. In a multivariate stepwise Cox model, three independent functional SNPs (ERAP1 rs469783 T > C, PSMF1 rs13040574 C > A and NCF2 rs36071574 G > A) remained significant with an adjusted hazards ratio (HR) of 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.77-0.89, P = 8.0 × 10-7], 0.86 (0.80-0.93, P = 9.4 × 10-5) and 1.31 (1.11-1.54, P = 0.001) for overall survival (OS), respectively. Further combined genotypes revealed a poor survival in a dose-response manner in association with the number of unfavorable genotypes (Ptrend < 0.0001 and 0.0002 for OS and disease-specific survival, respectively). Also, ERAP1 rs469783C and PSMF1 rs13040574A alleles were associated with higher mRNA expression levels of their genes. CONCLUSION: These potentially functional SNPs of the MHC-I-related genes may be biomarkers for NSCLC survival, possibly through modulating the expression of corresponding genes.

4.
Transl Res ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400994

RESUMO

The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) signaling pathway controls reproductive functions and cancer growth and progression. However, few studies investigated roles of genetic variants of GnRH pathway genes in survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, we first evaluated associations between 22,528 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 101 GnRH pathway genes and survival of 1185 NSCLC patients using a dataset from Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. We found 572 SNPs to be significantly associated with overall survival (OS) of NSCLC (P ≤ 0.05, Bayesian false discovery probability ≤0.80). We then validated these SNPs in another dataset with 984 NSCLC patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility Study. Finally, two independent SNPs (HBEGF rs4150236G>A and ITPR3 rs116454384C>T) remained significantly associated with NSCLC OS in the combined analysis with hazards ratios of 0.84 (95% confidence interval = 0.76-0.92, P = 0.0003) and 0.85 (0.78-0.94, 0.0012), respectively; their genetic score (the number of protective genotypes) was associated with a better OS and disease-specific survival (Ptrend = 0.0002 and 0.0001, respectively). Further expression quantitative trail loci analysis showed a significant correlation between ITPR3 rs116454384 T allele and an increased mRNA expression level in both whole blood and normal lung tissue, and high ITPR3 mRNA expression levels in tumors were associated with a better survival of NSCLC patients. Because ITPR3 mutations were rare in tumors, ITPR3 rs116454384C>T likely had an effect on cancer progression by regulating the gene expression. Therefore, genetic variants of HBEGF rs4150236G>A and ITPR3 rs116454384C>T may be predictors for NSCLC survival, but HBEGF rs4150236G>A functional relevance remains to be determined.

5.
Talanta ; 223(Pt 2): 121782, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298287

RESUMO

The development of flexible and robust plasmonic substrates has become a hot research topic in simplifying and extending the application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique for real-world analysis. In this work, a facile method to fabricate an Au@Ag nanoparticle array sandwiched between the adhesive acrylic polymer tape and polyethene terephthalate (PET) film (T/Au@Ag/PET) as a high-performance SERS chip was reported for nondestructive detection of thiram on fruit peels. For this SERS chip, the ordered Au@Ag nanoparticle array formed by the self-assembly method was closely-packed, which generated high-density sub-3-nm gaps and could produce high reproducible and sensitive SERS enhancement effects. The measurement of crystal violet with the limit of detection of 7.24 × 10-10 M was realized by targeting Raman shift at 1177 cm-1. Moreover, the excellent flexible feature of acrylic polymer tape enabled the substrate to withstand a tensile strain value of 20% for three cycles without significantly losing its SERS activity. By covering with a PET film, the SERS chip could maintain 87% SERS activity after storage for 60 days in the air environment, and could well withstand the influence of harsh conditions such as high temperature and ultrasound treatments. As a proof of the concept, the SERS tape was directly used to detect thiram on apple, tomato, and cucumber peels via a simple sampling-and-detection procedure, and the detection limit of 5 ng/cm2 was achieved. The T/Au@Ag/PET SERS chip should hold a promising candidate for food safety analysis in the future.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200553

RESUMO

Because the cadherin-mediated signaling pathway promotes cancer progression, we assessed associations between genetic variants in 109 cadherin-related genes and risk of pancreatic cancer (PanC) by using genotyping data from publically available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) datasets comprising 15,423 individuals of European ancestry. After initial single-locus analyses and subsequent meta-analysis with multiple testing correction for 29,963 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 11 SNPs remained statistically significant (p < 0.05). In the stepwise logistic regression analysis, three independent PanC risk-associated SNPs (KIF5B rs211304 C > G, FMN1 rs117648907 C > T, and MGAT3 rs34943118 T > C) remained statistically significant (p < 0.05), with odds ratios of 0.89 (95% confidence interval = 0.82-0.95 and p = 6.93 × 10-4 ), 1.33 (1.13-1.56 and 2.11 × 10-4 ), and 1.11 (1.05-1.17 and 8.10 × 10-5 ), respectively. Combined analysis of unfavorable genotypes of these three independent SNPs showed an upward trend in the genotype-risk association (ptrend  < 0.001). Expression quantitative trait loci analyses indicated that the rs211304 G and rs34943118 C alleles were associated with increased mRNA expression levels of KIF5B and MGAT3, respectively (all p < 0.05). Additional bioinformatics prediction suggested that these three SNPs may affect enhancer histone marks that likely have an epigenetic effect on the genes. Our findings provide biological clues for these PanC risk-associated SNPs in cadherin-related genes in European ancestry populations, possibly by regulating the expression of the affected genes. However, our findings need to be validated in additional population, molecular and mechanistic investigations.

7.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(10): 3382-3394, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163277

RESUMO

Endosomes regulate cell polarity, adhesion, signaling, immunity, and tumor progression, which may influence cancer outcomes. Here we evaluated associations between 36,068 genetic variants of 228 endosome-related pathway genes and cutaneous melanoma disease-specific survival (CMSS) using genotyping data from two previously published genome-wide association studies. The discovery dataset included 858 CM patients with 95 deaths from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and the replication dataset included 409 CM patients with 48 deaths from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). In multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, we found that two novel SNPs (PIP5K1C rs11666894 A>C and MVB12B rs12376285 C>T) predicted CMSS, with adjusted hazards ratios of 1.47 (95% confidence interval = 1.15-1.89 and P = 0.002) and 1.73 (1.30-2.31 and 0.0002), respectively. Combined analysis of risk genotypes of these two SNPs revealed a dose-dependent decrease in CMSS associated with an increased number of risk genotypes (P trend = 0.0002). Subsequent expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis revealed that PIP5K1C rs11666894 was associated with mRNA expression levels in lymphoblastoid cell lines from 373 European descendants (P<0.0001) and that MVB12B rs12376285 was associated with mRNA expression levels in cultured fibroblasts from 605 European-Americans (P<0.0001). Our findings suggest that novel genetic variants of PIP5K1C and MVB12B in the endosome-related pathway genes may be promising prognostic biomarkers for CMSS, but these results need to be validated in future larger studies.

8.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(10): 1378-1386, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants and lifestyle factors have been associated with gastric cancer risk, but the extent to which an increased genetic risk can be offset by a healthy lifestyle remains unknown. We aimed to establish a genetic risk model for gastric cancer and assess the benefits of adhering to a healthy lifestyle in individuals with a high genetic risk. METHODS: In this meta-analysis and prospective cohort study, we first did a fixed-effects meta-analysis of the association between genetic variants and gastric cancer in six independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a case-control study design. These GWAS comprised 21 168 Han Chinese individuals, of whom 10 254 had gastric cancer and 10 914 geographically matched controls did not. Using summary statistics from the meta-analysis, we constructed five polygenic risk scores in a range of thresholds (p=5 × 10-4 p=5 × 10-5 p=5 × 10-6 p=5 × 10-7, and p=5 × 10-8) for gastric cancer. We then applied these scores to an independent, prospective, nationwide cohort of 100 220 individuals from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB), with more than 10 years of follow-up. The relative and absolute risk of incident gastric cancer associated with healthy lifestyle factors (defined as not smoking, never consuming alcohol, the low consumption of preserved foods, and the frequent intake of fresh fruits and vegetables), was assessed and stratified by genetic risk (low [quintile 1 of the polygenic risk score], intermediate [quintile 2-4 of the polygenic risk score], and high [quintile 5 of the polygenic risk score]). Individuals with a favourable lifestyle were considered as those who adopted all four healthy lifestyle factors, those with an intermediate lifestyle adopted two or three factors, and those with an unfavourable lifestyle adopted none or one factor. FINDINGS: The polygenic risk score derived from 112 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (p<5 × 10-5) showed the strongest association with gastric cancer risk (p=7·56 × 10-10). When this polygenic risk score was applied to the CKB cohort, we found that there was a significant increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer across the quintiles of the polygenic risk score (ptrend<0·0001). Compared with individuals who had a low genetic risk, those with an intermediate genetic risk (hazard ratio [HR] 1·54 [95% CI 1·22-1·94], p=2·67 × 10-4) and a high genetic risk (2·08 [1·61-2·69], p<0·0001) had a greater risk of gastric cancer. A similar increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer was observed across the lifestyle categories (ptrend<0·0001), with a higher risk of gastric cancer in those with an unfavourable lifestyle than those with a favourable lifestyle (2·03 [1·46-2·83], p<0·0001). Participants with a high genetic risk and a favourable lifestyle had a lower risk of gastric cancer than those with a high genetic risk and an unfavourable lifestyle (0·53 [0·29-0·99], p=0·048), with an absolute risk reduction of 1·12% (95% CI 0·62-1·56). INTERPRETATION: Chinese individuals at an increased risk of incident gastric cancer could be identified by use of our newly developed polygenic risk score. Compared with individuals at a high genetic risk who adopt an unhealthy lifestyle, those who adopt a healthy lifestyle could substantially reduce their risk of incident gastric cancer. FUNDING: National Key R&D Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, 333 High-Level Talents Cultivation Project of Jiangsu Province, and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/psicologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herança Multifatorial , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/psicologia
9.
J Cancer ; 11(23): 6850-6860, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123276

RESUMO

Chemotherapy resistance remains a blockade for successful treatment and longer overall survival of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). CTNNBIP1 is an inhibitor of ß-catenin that is a chemotherapeutic target for EOC treatment. In the present study, we investigated associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CTNNBIP1 and platinum treatment response of Han Chinese EOC patients and subsequently performed functional prediction and validation of the resultant SNPs. We found that CTNNBIP1 rs935072 AT/TT variant genotypes were associated with platinum treatment response in the multivariate logistic regression analysis of EOC patients. Specifically, the CTNNBIP1 rs935072 AT/TT genotypes were associated with a decreased risk of developing chemoresistance ([adjusted odds ratio (OR)] = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.82-0.97 and P=0.010), compared with the AA genotype. Further experiments showed that the underlying mechanism for the CTNNBIP1 rs935072 A>T change in chemotherapy treatment response resulted from a lower binding affinity of miR-27a-3p, thereby leading to up-regulation of the CTNNBIP1 expression. We further found that overexpression of CTNNBIP1 sensitized ovarian cancer cells to platinum treatment. Thus, the present study provides evidence that functional variants of CTNNBIP1 may regulate the expression of CTNNBIP1, a possible mechanism affecting platinum treatment response of EOC patients.

10.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(8): 2603-2616, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905494

RESUMO

Although lymphangiogenesis is a vital step in lung cancer metastasis, the association between lymphangiogenesis and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survival remains unclear. Since single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been reported to predict NSCLC survival, we investigated associations between SNPs in lymphangiogenesis-related pathway genes and NSCLC survival in a discovery genotyping dataset of 1,185 patients from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial and validated the findings in another genotyping dataset of 984 patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility Study. We evaluated associations between 34,509 genetic variants (3252 genotyped and 31,257 imputed) in 247 genes involved in lymphangiogenesis-related pathway and NSCLC survival. After validation, we finally identified two independent SNPs (SYK rs11787670 A>G and ITGA1 rs67715745 T>C) to be significantly associated with NSCLC overall survival (OS), with adjusted hazards ratios of 0.77 and 0.83 (95% confidence interval =0.66-0.90, P=7.20×10-4) and 0.84 (95% confidence interval =0.75-0.92, P=3.50×10-4), respectively. Moreover, an increasing number of combined protective alleles of these two SNPs was significantly associated with an improved NSCLC OS and disease-specific survival (DSS) in the PLCO dataset (P trend=0.011 and 0.006, respectively). Furthermore, the addition of these protective alleles to the prediction model for the 5-year survival increased the time-dependent area under the curve both from 87% to 87.67% for OS (P=0.029) and from 88.54% to 89.06% for DSS (P=0.022). Subsequent expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) functional analysis revealed that the rs11787670 G allele was significantly associated with an elevated SYK mRNA expression in normal tissues. Additional analyses suggested a suppressor role for both SYK and ITGA1 in NSCLC survival. Collectively, these findings indicated that SYK rs11787670 A>G and ITGA1 rs67715745 T>C may be independent prognostic factors for NSCLC survival once further validated.

11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(8): 2582-2595, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905523

RESUMO

The nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) is one of the most characterized inflammasomes, and its genetic variation and functional dysregulation are involved in pathogenesis of several cancers. To systematically evaluate the role of NLRP3 in predicting outcomes of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we performed a two-phase analysis for associations between genetic variants in NLRP3 inflammasome pathway genes and NSCLC survival by using a published genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. We used multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with Bayesian false discovery probability (≤0.80) for multiple testing correction to evaluate associations between 20,730 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 176 genes and overall survival of 1,185 NSCLC patients from the PLCO trial. We further validated the identified significant SNPs in another GWAS dataset with survival data from 984 NSCLC patients of the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility (HLCS) study. The results showed that two independent SNPs in two different genes (i.e., BIRC3 rs11225211 and NRG1 rs4733124) were significantly associated with the NSCLC overall survival, with a combined hazards ratio (HR) of 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74-0.93 and P = 0.0009] and 1.18 (95% CI = 1.06-1.31) and P = 0.002], respectively. However, further expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis showed no evidence for correlations between the two SNPs and mRNA expression levels of corresponding genes. These results indicated that genetic variants in the NLRP3 imflammasome pathway gene-sets might be predictors of NSCLC survival, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the observed associations warrant further investigations.

12.
Cancer Med ; 9(21): 8216-8225, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric solid tumor. MYCN-amplification is an important negative prognostic indicator and inherited genetic contributions to risk are incompletely understood. Genetic determinants of stature increase risk of several adult and childhood cancers, but have not been studied in neuroblastoma despite elevated neuroblastoma incidence in children with congenital overgrowth syndromes. METHODS: We investigated the association between genetic determinants of height and neuroblastoma risk in 1538 neuroblastoma cases, stratified by MYCN-amplification status, and compared to 3390 European-ancestry controls using polygenic scores for birth length (five variants), childhood height (six variants), and adult height (413 variants). We further examined the UK Biobank to evaluate the association of known neuroblastoma risk loci and stature. RESULTS: An increase in the polygenic score for childhood stature, corresponding to a ~0.5 cm increase in pre-pubertal height, was associated with greater risk of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma (OR = 1.14, P = .047). An increase in the polygenic score for adult stature, corresponding to a ~1.7 cm increase in adult height attainment, was associated with decreased risk of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma (OR = 0.87, P = .047). These associations persisted in case-case analyses comparing MYCN-amplified to MYCN-unamplified neuroblastoma. No polygenic height scores were associated with MYCN-unamplified neuroblastoma risk. Previously identified genome-wide association study hits for neuroblastoma (N = 10) were significantly enriched for association with both childhood (P = 4.0 × 10-3 ) and adult height (P = 8.9 × 10-3 ) in >250 000 UK Biobank study participants. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic propensity to taller childhood height and shorter adult height were associated with MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma risk, suggesting that biological pathways affecting growth trajectories and pubertal timing may contribute to MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma etiology.

13.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-18, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880470

RESUMO

Biofilms are the universal lifestyle of bacteria enclosed in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) on the contact surfaces of food processing facilities. The EPS-encapsulated foodborne bacterial pathogens are the main food contaminant sources, posing a serious threat to human health. The microcrystalline, sophisticated and dynamic biofilms necessitate the development of conventional microscopic imaging and spectral technology. Nanosensors, which can transfer the biochemical information into optical signals, have recently emerged for biofilm optical detection with high sensitivity and high spatial resolution at nanoscale scopes. Therefore, the aim of this review is to clarify the main detection scope in biofilms and the detection principles of optical nanosensors arousing Raman enhancement, fluoresce conversion and color change. The difficulties and challenges of biofilm characterization including the secretion and variation of main biochemical components are first discussed, the details about the principles and application examples of bioassays targeting foodborne pathogens based on optical nanosensors are then summarized. Finally, the challenges and future trends in developing optical nanosensors are also highlighted. The current review indicates that optical nanosensors have taken the challenges of detecting biofilm in complex food samples, including the characterization of biofilm formation mechanism, identification of microbial metabolic activities, diagnosis of potential food pathogens and sanitation monitoring of food processing equipment. Numerous in-depth explorations and various trials have proven that the bioassays based on multifunctional optical nanosensors are promising to ensure and promote food safety and quality. However, there still remains a daunting challenge to structure reproducible, biocompatible and applicable nano-sensors for biofilm characterization, identification, and imaging.

14.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(7): 2128-2144, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32775006

RESUMO

The ATM serine/threonine kinase (ATM) pathway plays important roles in pancreatic cancer (PanC) development and progression, but the roles of genetic variants of the genes in this pathway in the etiology of PanC are unknown. In the present study, we assessed associations between 31,499 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 198 ATM pathway-related genes and PanC risk using genotyping data from two previously published PanC genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of 15,423 subjects of European ancestry. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, we identified three novel independent SNPs to be significantly associated with PanC risk [PIK3C3 rs76692125 G>A: odds ratio (OR)=1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.12-1.43 and P=2.07×10-4, INSR rs11668724 G>A: OR=0.89, 95% CI=0.84-0.94 and P=4.21×10-5 and MAP3K4 rs13207108 C>T: OR=0.83, 95% CI=0.75-0.92, P=2.26×10-4]. The combined analysis of these three SNPs exhibited an increased PanC risk in a dose-response manner as the number of unfavorable genotypes increased (P trend<0.0001). The risk-associated rs76692125 A allele was correlated with decreased PIK3C3 mRNA expression levels, while the protective-associated rs11668724 A allele was correlated with increased INSR mRNA expression levels, but additional mechanistic studies of these SNPs are warranted. Once validated, these SNPs may serve as biomarkers for PanC risk in populations of European ancestry.

15.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(7): 2160-2173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32775008

RESUMO

Vitamin D has a potential anticarcinogenic role, possibly through regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, stimulation of apoptosis, immune modulation and regulation of estrogen receptor levels. Because breast cancer (BC) risk varies among individuals exposed to similar risk factors, we hypothesize that genetic variants in the vitamin D pathway genes are associated with BC risk. To test this hypothesis, we performed a larger meta-analysis using 14 published GWAS datasets in the Discovery, Biology, and Risk of Inherited Variants in Breast Cancer (DRIVE) Study. We assessed associations between 2,994 (237 genotyped in the DRIVE study and 2,757 imputed from the 1000 Genomes Project) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 33 vitamin D pathway genes and BC risk. In unconditional logistic regression analysis, we found 11 noteworthy SNPs to be associated with BC risk after multiple comparison correction by the Bayesian false-discovery probability method (<0.80). In stepwise logistic regression analysis, with adjustment for age, principal components and previously published SNPs in the same study populations, we identified three independent SNPs (SNAI1 rs1047920 C>T, AMDHD1 rs11826 C>T and CUBN rs3914238 C>T) to be associated with BC risk (P = 0.0014, 0.0020 and 0.0022, respectively). Additional expression quantitative trait loci analysis revealed that the rs73276407 A allele, in a high LD with the rs1047920 T allele, was associated with decreased SNAI1 mRNA expression levels, while the rs11826 T allele was significantly associated with elevated AMDHD1 mRNA expression levels. Once replicated by other investigators and additional mechanistic studies, these genetic variants may serve as new biomarkers for susceptibility to BC.

16.
Talanta ; 218: 121152, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797907

RESUMO

Acrylamide (AM), as one of the by-products produced by the Maillard reaction, has received increasing attention due to the potential risk of side effects in humans and other animals. In this study, a simple method was developed for AM quantitation by utilizing the fluorescence enhancement induced by the distance increase between functionalized carbon quantum dots modified by N-acryloxysuccinimide (NAS-CQDs) induced by AM polymerization. This fluorescent sensing approach allowed for detecting AM in a double-distilled water system in the range between 5×10-3 and 1×10-6 M with a low detection limit of 2.6×10-7 M. Furthermore, a novel method for the pretreatment of white bread crust samples was developed based on QuECHERS method (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe), and detecting range between 5×10-4 and 5×10-6 M, low detection limit of 8.1×10-7 M, and satisfactory recoveries of 99.13-103.7% in spiked white bread crust samples were obtained by the present method, confirming its good applicability for AM determination in real food products.

17.
Talanta ; 218: 121188, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797928

RESUMO

A universal surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate with tuneable plasmonic behaviour and long-term stability was synthesized and characterized, and the substrate was applied in the sensitive detection of fungicide malachite green (MG) in fish fillets. Temperature-responsive poly (N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM) template and anisotropic Au nanorods (NRs) were synthesized to prepare pNIPAM @ Au NRs nano-hybrids with dynamically optical and SERS properties and high stability. Results showed that excitation wavelength-dependent SERS efficiency could be tailored by temperature-induced swelling and collapse of the nano-hybrids, thus anticipated optical and SERS properties of the composites could be obtained. Furthermore, the SERS performance, uniformity, long-term stability analysis, and MG in fish evaluation showed that the detection of MG in fish tissues was realized with a limit of detection of 1.58 × 10-9 M (0.73 ng/g), and the pNIPAM @ Au NRs composites could serve as effective SERS substrates allowing trace level detection of contaminants for the food industry.

18.
Eur J Cancer ; 136: 84-94, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is the most lethal type of skin cancers. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) plays an important role in anabolic reactions and tumorigenesis, but many genes are involved in the NADPH system. METHODS: We used 10,912 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (2018 genotyped and 8894 imputed) in 134 NADPH-related genes from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 858 patients from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) in a single-locus analysis to predict CM survival. We then replicated the results in another GWAS data set of 409 patients from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). RESULTS: There were 95 of 858 (11.1%) and 48 of 409 (11.7%) patients who died of CM, respectively. In multivariable Cox regression analyses, we identified two independent SNPs (TKT rs9864057 G > A and deoxyribose phosphate aldolase (DERA) rs12297652 A > G) to be significantly associated with CM-specific survival [hazards ratio (HR) of 1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18-1.96, P = 1.06 × 10-3 and 1.51 (1.19-1.91, 5.89 × 10-4)] in the meta-analysis, respectively. Furthermore, an increasing number of risk genotypes of these two SNPs was associated with a higher risk of death in the MDACC, the NHS/HPFS, and their combined data sets (Ptrend<0.001, = 0.004 and <0.001, respectively). In the expression quantitative trait loci analysis, TKT rs9864057 G > A and DERA rs12297652 A > G were also significantly associated with higher mRNA expression levels in sun-exposed lower-leg skin (P = 0.043 and 0.006, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that these two potentially functional SNPs may be valuable prognostic biomarkers for CM survival, but larger studies are needed to validate these findings.

19.
Carcinogenesis ; 41(9): 1229-1237, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663249

RESUMO

Acquired platinum resistance impedes successful treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and this resistance may be associated with inherited DNA damage-repair response. In the present study, we performed a two-phase analysis to assess associations between 8191 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within 127 genes of nucleotide excision repair pathway from a genome-wide association study dataset and platinum treatment response in 803 Han Chinese EOC patients. As a result, we identified that platinum-based chemotherapeutic response was associated with two potentially functional variants MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C [TC + CC versus TT, adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.83-0.95 and P = 0.0005] and HUS1B rs61748571 A>G (AG + GG versus AA, OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.03-1.18 and P = 0.005). Compared with the prediction model for clinical factors only, models incorporating HUS1B rs61748571 [area under the curve (AUC) 0.652 versus 0.672, P = 0.026] and the number of unfavorable genotypes (AUC 0.652 versus 0.668, P = 0.040) demonstrated a significant increase in the AUC. Further expression quantitative trait loci analysis suggested that MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C significantly influenced mRNA expression levels of MNAT1 (P = 0.003). These results indicated that MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C and HUS1B rs61748571 A>G may serve as potential biomarkers for predicting platinum treatment response of Chinese EOC patients, once validated by further functional studies.

20.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(6): 1770-1784, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32642289

RESUMO

Immunoregulatory interactions play a pivotal role in immune surveillance, recognition, and killing, particularly its internal pathway, likely playing an important role in immune escape. By using two genotyping datasets, one from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer screening trial (n = 1,185) as the discovery, and the other from Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility (HLCS) study (n = 984) as the validation, we evaluated associations between 4,713 genetic variants (338 genotyped and 4,375 imputed) in 60 genes involved in immunoregulatory interactions and survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We found that 115 SNPs were significantly associated with NSCLC overall survival in the discovery, of which four remained significant after validation by the HLCS dataset after multiple test correction by Bayesian false discovery probability. Final combined analysis identified two independent SNPs (KIR3DL2 rs4487030 A>G and PVR rs35385129 C>A) that predicted NSCLC survival with a combined hazards ratio of 0.84 (95% confidence interval = 0.76-0.93, P = 0.001) and 0.84 (95% confidence interval = 0.73-0.97, P = 0.021), respectively. Besides, expression quantitative trait loci analyses showed that these two survival-associated SNPs of KRI3DL2 and PVR were significantly associated with their mRNA expression levels in both normal lung tissues and whole blood cells. Additional analyses suggested an oncogenic role for KRI3DL2 and a suppressor role for PVR on the survival. Once further validated, genetic variants of KIR3DL2 and PVR may be potential prognostic markers for NSCLC survival.

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