Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 96
Filtrar
1.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 10(1): 62, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between allogeneic blood transfusion and healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is considered dose-dependent. However, this association may be confounded by transfusion duration, as prolonged hospitalization stay increases the risk of HAI. Also, it is not clear whether specific blood products have different dose-response risks. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a logistic regression was used to identify confounding factors, and the association between specific blood products and HAI were analyzed. Then Cox regression and restricted cubic spline regression was used to visualize the hazard of HAI per transfusion product. RESULTS: Of 215,338 inpatients observed, 4.16% were transfused with a single component blood product. With regard to these transfused patients, 480 patients (5.36%) developed a HAI during their hospitalization stay. Logistic regression showed that red blood cells (RBCs) transfusion, platelets transfusion and fresh-frozen plasmas (FFPs) transfusion were risk factors for HAI [odds ratio (OR) 1.893, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.656-2.163; OR 8.903, 95% CI 6.646-11.926 and OR 1.494, 95% CI 1.146-1.949, respectively]. However, restricted cubic spline regression analysis showed that there was no statistically dose-response relationship between different transfusion products and the onset of HAI. CONCLUSIONS: RBCs transfusion, platelets transfusion and FFPs transfusion were associated with HAI, but there was no dose-response relationship between them.

2.
J Control Release ; 331: 460-471, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545218

RESUMO

Cisplatin is one of the most used first-line anticancer drugs for various solid tumor therapies. However, cisplatin-based chemotherapy can induce tumor cells to secrete excessive prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) catalyzed by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which, in turn, counteracts its chemotherapeutic effect and further accelerates tumor metastasis. Here, we report a carrier-free self-delivered nanoprodrug based on platinum (II) coordination bonding coupled with tolfenamic acid (Tolf) (named Tolfplatin). Tolfplatin can spontaneously assemble into uniformly sized nanoparticles (NPs) with a high drug-loading capacity. Compared with cisplatin, Tolfplatin NPs can facilitate cellular uptake, significantly decrease PGE2 secretion by COX-2 inhibition, which further downregulate tumorous anti-apoptotic and metastasis-associated proteins, thereby efficiently inducing apoptotic cell death and significantly inhibit tumor metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, as the carrier-free nanoprodrug, Tolfplatin NPs are promising anti-tumoral agents to inhibit tumor proliferation and metastasis by enriching the function and promoting the anti-tumor activity of cisplatin.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 1791-1795, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation in adult ALL and its clinical significance. METHODS: Clinical data of 134 primary adult ALL patients and DNA sequencing results of 16 kinds of gene mutation were collected. The characteristic of gene mutation and clinical significances were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: In 31 cases of 134 ALL cases (23.13%) the gene mutations were detected as follows: 19 cases of 114 B-ALL cases (16.67%), 11 cases of 19 T-ALL cases (57.89%) and 1 case of T/B-ALL. The incidence of T-ALL gene mutation was significantly higher than that of B-ALL (χ2=13.574, P<0.01). Twelve gene mutations were found, and the mutation rates was IL7R, NOTCH1, FLT3, TP53, FBXW7, PAX5, IKZF1, CREBBP, JAK3, JAK1, PHF6 and PTEN from high to low. Among 108 non-transplantable follow-up patients there was no significant difference in 1-year overall survival rate (49.7% vs 67.4%) and median non-recurrence survival time (214 days vs 260 days) between the gene mutation group (23 cases, 21.30%) and the non-mutation group(85 cases, 78.70%). There was a significant difference in 1-year survival rate between NOTCH1 mutation group (4 cases, 3.77%) and non-mutation group (102 cases, 96.23%) (50.0% vs 65.8%,χ2=9.840, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: There may be multiple gene mutations in adult ALL patients. IL7R and NOTCH1 are the most common gene mutations and NOTCH1 mutation may indicate poor prognosis. Detection of gene mutations is helpful to understand the pathogenesis of ALL and evaluate the prognosis of adult ALL patients.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(52): 33263-33271, 2020 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318201

RESUMO

Gap closure to eliminate physical discontinuities and restore tissue integrity is a fundamental process in normal development and repair of damaged tissues and organs. Here, we demonstrate a nonadhesive gap closure model in which collective cell migration, large-scale actin-network fusion, and purse-string contraction orchestrate to restore the gap. Proliferative pressure drives migrating cells to attach onto the gap front at which a pluricellular actin ring is already assembled. An actin-ring segment switching process then occurs by fusion of actin fibers from the newly attached cells into the actin cable and defusion from the previously lined cells, thereby narrowing the gap. Such actin-cable segment switching occurs favorably at high curvature edges of the gap, yielding size-dependent gap closure. Cellular force microscopies evidence that a persistent rise in the radial component of inward traction force signifies successful actin-cable segment switching. A kinetic model that integrates cell proliferation, actin fiber fusion, and purse-string contraction is formulated to quantitatively account for the gap-closure dynamics. Our data reveal a previously unexplored mechanism in which cells exploit multifaceted strategies in a highly cooperative manner to close nonadhesive gaps.


Assuntos
Actinas/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Forma Celular , Cães , Imageamento Tridimensional , Cinética , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Modelos Biológicos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Front Physiol ; 11: 570276, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33250773

RESUMO

The clinical significance of diabetes arising in the setting of pancreatic disease (also known as diabetes of the exocrine pancreas, DEP) has drawn more attention in recent years. However, significant improvements still need to be made in the recognition, diagnosis and treatment of the disorder, and in the knowledge of the pathological mechanisms. The clinical course of DEP is different from type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DEP develops in patients with previous existing exocrine pancreatic disorders which damage both exocrine and endocrine parts of pancreas, and lead to pancreas exocrine insufficiency (PEI) and malnutrition. Therefore, damage in various exocrine and endocrine cell types participating in glucose metabolism regulation likely contribute to the development of DEP. Due to the limited amount of clinical and experimental studies, the pathological mechanism of DEP is poorly defined. In fact, it still not entirely clear whether DEP represents a distinct pathologic entity or is a form of T2DM arising when ß cell failure is accelerated by pancreatic disease. In this review, we include findings from related studies in T1DM and T2DM to highlight potential pathological mechanisms involved in initiation and progression of DEP, and to provide directions for future research studies.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104344, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091667

RESUMO

PI3Kδ has proved to be an effective target for anti-lymphoma drugs. However, the application of current approved PI3Kδ inhibitors has been greatly limited due to their specific immune-mediated toxicity and increased risk of infection, it is necessary to develop more PI3Kδ inhibitors with new scaffold. In this study, SAR study with respect to piperazinone-containing purine derivatives led to the discovery of a potent and selective PI3Kδ inhibitor, 4-(cyclobutanecarbonyl)-1-((2-(2-ethyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)-9-methyl-6-morpholino-9H-purin-8-yl)methyl)piperazin-2-one (WNY1613). WNY1613 exhibits good antiproliferative activity against a panel of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cell lines by inducing cancer cell apoptosis and inhibiting the phosphorylation of PI3K and MAPK downstream components. In addition, it can also prevent the tumor growth in both SU-DHL-6 and JEKO-1 xenograft models without observable toxicity. WNY1613 thus could be developed as a promising candidate for the treatment of NHL after subsequent extensive pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics investigation.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22281, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957383

RESUMO

The regulation of the gene-regenerating family member 1 alpha (REG Iα) played important roles in cancer cell biology. However, the correlation between its gene product serum REG Iα and cancer has not been evaluated. In this observational study, 130 hospitalized patients from the department of internal medicine in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University were included and assigned to cancer or noncancer groups. History, clinical, and laboratory data were obtained. Serum REG Iα levels and alanine aminotransferase were found significantly higher in patients with cancer (P < .001 and P < .05 respectively). Logistic regression analysis indicated that REG Iα was an independent risk factor for cancer (P < .001). The area under the curve of REG Iα was 0.764 and the optimal cut-off point of REG Iα was 46.97 ng/mL. Besides, the cancer patients with metastasis had significantly higher serum REG Iα levels than those in nonmetastasis cancer group (P < .05). In conclusion, serum REG Iα was significantly elevated in patients with cancer, and it might be a potential biomarker in predicting cancer occurrence and development.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Litostatina/sangue , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520939672, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated physical deviation and precocious puberty among school-aged children in Leshan City, to provide a theoretical basis for the management of precocious puberty in children. METHODS: We selected 12 primary schools of Leshan City using a cluster random sampling method and conducted physical examinations among healthy students aged 4 12 years. A total of 11,000 students were recruited (5502 boys and 5498 girls). We measured body mass index (BMI), and participants were tested for precocious puberty according to the Tanner stages and standard maps. Nutritional status was also evaluated. RESULTS: Obese and overweight children accounted for a high proportion of participants; the prevalence of underweight was the lowest. The prevalence of obesity among boys was higher than that in girls. Precocious puberty was mainly observed in girls, particularly those age 7 years old. The prevalence of precocious puberty among overweight and obese children was higher than that in children with normal weight. CONCLUSION: We identified a significant sex difference in precocious puberty among children in Leshan City. Overweight and obesity may be associated with precocious puberty.

9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(20): 127479, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784091

RESUMO

Two classes of piperazinone-containing thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized as new PI3Kδ inhibitors in this study. Detailed SAR study with respect to the piperazinone substituents at the 6-position of thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine core demonstrated that piperazinone-containing thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidines would be more potent and selective for PI3Kδ than their piperazine counterparts, which led to the discovery of several potent PI3Kδ inhibitors with comparable or better antiproliferative activity against a panel of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cell lines as compared with idelalisib. Our study will promote the development of new PI3Kδ inhibitors based on piperazinone-containing thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine scaffold.

10.
Clin Chim Acta ; 510: 228-231, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is closely related to the development of cardiovascular diseases, and the association between Lp-PLA2 and lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is inconsistent among previous studies. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate whether the increase in Lp-PLA2 is related to the occurrence of LEAD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A total of 519 patients with T2DM (173 patients with LEAD and 346 patients without LEAD) were enrolled in this study. The demographics, medical history, serum lipids, glycosylated hemoglobin, Lp-PLA2, and ankle-brachial index (ABI) were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The diabetes duration, prevalence of female, prevalence of hypertension, and Lp-PLA2 concentration in the LEAD group were significantly higher than those in the non-LEAD group (duration of diabetes: 15 [10-20] vs 8 [2-12] years, prevalence of female: 49.13% vs 38.73%, prevalence of hypertension: 58.38% vs 38.11%, Lp-PLA2: 145 [108-178] vs 125 [107-138] ng/ml, p < 0.05). Lp-PLA2 was negatively correlated with ABI (r = -0.308, p < 0.001). Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum Lp-PLA2 was an independent factor for the development of LEAD (odds ratio: 1.018 [1.007-1.029], P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum Lp-PLA2 concentrations are associated with LEAD in patients with T2DM. They are an independent risk factor for the occurrence of LEAD.

11.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029619886907, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573257

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between first-trimester platelet count and neonatal birth weight in pregnant woman at advanced maternal age. Our study included 148 pregnancy women of advanced maternal age, the clinical and laboratory materials were retrospective obtained from medical record system. The neonatal birth weight was positively correlated with maternal body mass index and fetus gestational age (r = 0.332, P < .001; r = 0.469, P < .001), even more interestingly, the neonatal birth weight was positively correlated with first-trimester platelet count in pregnant women of advanced maternal age (r = 0.203, P = .013). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that neonatal birth weight had an independently association with first-trimester platelet count in pregnant women of advanced maternal age (multiple-adjusted r values 0.167, P = .013). First-trimester platelet count is positively associated with neonatal birth weight, suggesting that first-trimester platelet count may be a predictive biomarker for neonatal birth weight in pregnant women of advanced maternal age.

12.
Adv Biosyst ; 4(2): e1900238, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293130

RESUMO

Biomaterials have been widely explored and applied in many areas, especially in the field of tissue engineering. The interface of biomaterials and cells has been deeply investigated. However, it has been demonstrated that conventional 2D biomaterials fail to maintain the 3D structures and phenotypes of cells, which is the result of their limited ability to mimic the latter's complex extracellular matrix. To overcome this challenge, cell cultivation dependent on 3D biomaterials has emerged as an alternative strategy to make the recovery of 3D structures and functions of cells possible. Thus, with the thriving development of 3D cell culture in tissue engineering, a holistic review of the construction and application of 3D biomaterials is desired. Here, recent developments in 3D biomaterials for tissue engineering are reviewed. An overview of various approaches to construct 3D biomaterials, such as electro-jetting/-spinning, micro-molding, microfluidics, and 3D bio-printing, is first presented. Their typical applications in constructing cell sheets, vascular structures, cell spheroids, and macroscopic cellular constructs are described as well. Following these two sections, the current status and challenges are analyzed, as well as the future outlook of 3D biomaterials for tissue engineering.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 191: 112152, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088495

RESUMO

Protein kinase inhibitors and epigenetic regulatory molecules are two main kinds of anticancer drugs developed in recent years. Both kinds of drugs harbor their own advantages and disadvantages in the treatment of cancer, and the development of small molecules which could target at kinases and epigenetic targets simultaneously can avoid the defects of drugs which only targets at kinases or epigenetic proteins. In this study, a series of 4,5-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo [4,3-f]pteridine derivatives were designed and synthesized based on the structure of PLK1 inhibitor BI-2536. Subsequent targets affinity screen and antiproliferative activity test led to the discovery of the most potent dual PLK1/BRD4 inhibitor 9b with good potency for both PLK1 (IC50 = 22 nM) and BRD4 (IC50 = 109 nM) as well as favorable antiproliferative activity against a panel of cancer cell lines. 9b could induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia cell line MV 4-11 in a concentration dependent manner. It could also downregulate the transcription of several proliferation-related oncogenes, including c-MYC, MYCN and BCL-2. Finally, in a MV4-11 mouse xenograft model, 9b exhibited favorable in vivo antitumor activity with 66% tumor growth inhibition (TGI) at a dose of 60 mg/kg while without obvious toxicity. This study thus provided us a start point for the development of new dual PLK1/BRD4 inhibitors as anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Pteridinas/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Triazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Pteridinas/síntese química , Pteridinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Triazóis/síntese química , Triazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 171-176, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effect of adiponectin receptor agonist AdipoRon on proliferation of myeloma cell lines and its possible mechanism. METHODS: The myeloma cell lines Sp2/0-Ag14 and MPC-11 were treated with different concentration of AdipoRon. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8. Western blot was used to determine the protein level of the signaling pathway. RT-PCR was used to quantify the mRNA copy number of adiponectin receptor AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 in the bone marrow cells from 21 patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Twenty-three normal bone marrow samples were served as control. RESULTS: AdipoRon significantly inhibited the proliferation of MM cell lines Sp2/0-Ag14 and MPC-11 in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner. Western blot showed that AdipoRon induced an increase of the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. AdipoRon upregulated p-AMPK and its downstream p-ACC in MPC-11. In addition, AdipoRon upregulated LC3-II/LC3-I level and down-regulated the protein level of p62. The expression level of AdipoR1 in MM cells was significantly higher than that in normal controls, and the expression level of AdipoR2 in MM cells was significantly lower than that in normal controls. CONCLUSION: Adiponectin receptors are expressed differentially between MM patients and normal subjects. AdipoRon, an adiponectin receptor agonist, can inhibit myeloma cell proliferation and induce apoptosis, and AMPK/autophagy pathway may be one of its mechanisms.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Mieloma Múltiplo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Piperidinas , Receptores de Adiponectina , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Phytomedicine ; 68: 153190, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have been focused on the medicinal potential of natural products since 1962, while few scholars have analyzed the existing documents comprehensively. PURPOSE: Aiming to visualize the researches on toxicology and pharmacology of natural products (TPNP) published between 1962 and 2018, as well as to reveal their spatiotemporal patterns, a scientometric analysis with 3210 relevant documents collected from Web of Science was conducted in this study. RESULTS: The most prominent contributors of TPNP research are mainly from the USA, China, Brazil, India and Germany. The knowledge domains of TPNP research focus mainly on the topics of (1) traditional Chinese medicine, (2) richardia grandiflora, (3) chemical conversion, (4) new generation, (5) modern medicine, (6) intelligent mixture, (7) hplc-based activity. Most countries have recognized the pharmaceutical potential of natural products, and have paid more attention to the pharmacological and toxicological characteristics of natural products in the past decade. Future TPNP research tends to focus more on complex analysis of mechanisms for diseases treatment, such as toxicology and pharmacology. CONCLUSION: This research has firstly demonstrated a comprehensive knowledge map for the existing toxicological and pharmacological researches of natural products, which offered essential instructions on medical application of natural products to future research.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/toxicidade , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , China , Alemanha , Humanos , Índia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Software , Análise Espaço-Temporal
16.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 75(4): 621-630, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407483

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the aging-associated progressive loss of skeletal muscle; however, the pathogenic mechanism of sarcopenia is not clear. The orexigenic hormone ghrelin stimulates growth hormone secretion, increases food intake, and promotes adiposity. Here we showed that fasting-induced muscle loss was exacerbated in old ghrelin-null (Ghrl-/-) mice, exhibiting decreased expression of myogenic regulator MyoD and increased expression of protein degradation marker MuRF1, as well as altered mitochondrial function. Moreover, acylated ghrelin and unacylated ghrelin treatments significantly increased mitochondrial respiration capacity in muscle C2C12 cells. Consistently, acylated ghrelin and unacylated ghrelin treatments effectively increased myogenic genes and decreased degradation genes in the muscle in fasted old Ghrl-/- mice, possibly by stimulating insulin and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase pathways. Furthermore, Ghrl-/- mice showed a profile of pro-inflammatory gut microbiota, exhibiting reduced butyrate-producing bacteria Roseburia and ClostridiumXIVb. Collectively, our results showed that ghrelin has a major role in the maintenance of aging muscle via both muscle-intrinsic and -extrinsic mechanisms. Acylated ghrelin and unacylated ghrelin enhanced muscle anabolism and exerted protective effects for muscle atrophy. Because unacylated ghrelin is devoid of the obesogenic side effect seen with acylated ghrelin, it represents an attractive therapeutic option for sarcopenia.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681165

RESUMO

Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) patients are characterized by the absence of puberty and varying degrees of deteriorated metabolic conditions. Osteocalcin (OC) could regulate testosterone secretion and energy metabolism, but it remains unknown whether such an effect exists in IHH patients. Our study is aimed to examine the relationship between serum OC levels with testosterone and its responsiveness to gonadotropin stimulation and metabolic profiles in male IHH patients. A total of 99 male patients aged 18-37 years and diagnosed with IHH were enrolled in the current study, and the relationships between OC and testicular volume, baseline total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), and peak TT (Tmax) levels after human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation, gonadotropin responsiveness index (GRI), which is calculated by dividing Tmax by testicular volume, as well as metabolic profiles, such as 2-h post-challenge glucose (2hPG) and fat percentage (fat%), were analyzed. The results showed that OC had an independent negative relationship with testicular volume (r = -0.253, P = 0.012) and a positive association with Tmax (r = 0.262, P = 0.014) after adjusting for confounders. In addition, OC was a major determinant of GRI (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.164, P = 0.012), fat% (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.100, P = 0.004), and 2hPG (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.054, P = 0.013) in IHH patients. In conclusion, OC is associated with testosterone secretion upon gonadotropin stimulation, glucose metabolism, and fat mass variations in IHH. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02310074).

18.
Soft Matter ; 15(36): 7203-7210, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475279

RESUMO

Cancer metastasis has been believed as a genetically programmed process that is commonly marked by biochemical signals. Here using extracellular matrix control of cellular mechanics, we establish that cellular force threshold can also mark in vitro metastatic phenotypic change and malignant transformation in HCT-8 cell colonies. We observe that for prolonged culture time the HCT-8 cell colonies disperse into individual malignant cells, and the metastatic-like dispersion depends on both cell-seeding gel stiffness and colony size. Cellular force microscopies show that gel stiffness and colony size are also two key parameters that modulate cellular forces, suggesting the correlations between the cellular forces and the metastatic phenotypic change. Using our recently developed biophysical model, we construct an extracellular traction phase diagram in the stiffness-size space, filled with experimental data on the colony behavior. From the phase diagram we identify a phase boundary as a traction force threshold above which the metastatic phenotypic transition occurs and below which the cell colonies remain cohesive. Our finding suggests that the traction threshold can be regarded as an effective mechano-marker for the onset of the metastatic-like dispersion and malignant transformation.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colo/citologia , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Mecanotransdução Celular , Modelos Biológicos , Fenótipo , Estresse Mecânico
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(18)2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527482

RESUMO

Dissolved oxygen is an important index to evaluate water quality, and its concentration is of great significance in industrial production, environmental monitoring, aquaculture, food production, and other fields. As its change is a continuous dynamic process, the dissolved oxygen concentration needs to be accurately measured in real time. In this paper, the principles, main applications, advantages, and disadvantages of iodometric titration, electrochemical detection, and optical detection, which are commonly used dissolved oxygen detection methods, are systematically analyzed and summarized. The detection mechanisms and materials of electrochemical and optical detection methods are examined and reviewed. Because external environmental factors readily cause interferences in dissolved oxygen detection, the traditional detection methods cannot adequately meet the accuracy, real-time, stability, and other measurement requirements; thus, it is urgent to use intelligent methods to make up for these deficiencies. This paper studies the application of intelligent technology in intelligent signal transfer processing, digital signal processing, and the real-time dynamic adaptive compensation and correction of dissolved oxygen sensors. The combined application of optical detection technology, new fluorescence-sensitive materials, and intelligent technology is the focus of future research on dissolved oxygen sensors.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(45): 16062-16066, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513325

RESUMO

It is vital to understand the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) mechanism at the molecular level for the rational design and synthesis of high activity fuel-cell catalysts. Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a powerful technique capable of detecting the bond vibrations of surface species in the low wavenumber range, however, using it to probe practical nanocatalysts remains extremely challenging. Herein, shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS) was used to investigate ORR processes on the surface of bimetallic Pt3 Co nanocatalyst structures. Direct spectroscopic evidence of *OOH suggests that ORR undergoes an associative mechanism on Pt3 Co in both acidic and basic environments. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that the weak *O adsorption arise from electronic effect on the Pt3 Co surface accounts for enhanced ORR activity. This work shows SHINERS is a promising technique for the real-time observation of catalytic processes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...