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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(9)2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223440

RESUMO

Although poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) and polyethylene glycol methacrylate (PEGMA) have been demonstrated to inhibit bacterial adhesion, no study has compared antibacterial adhesion when salivary pellicle is coated on polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) grafted with pHEMA and on PMMA grafted with PEGMA. In this study, PMMA discs were fabricated from a commercial orthodontic acrylic resin system (Ortho-Jet). Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectra taken before and after grafting confirmed that pHEMA and PEGMA were successfully grafted on PMMA. Contact angle measurements revealed PMMA-pHEMA to be the most hydrophilic, followed by PMMA-PEGMA, and then by PMMA. Zeta potential analysis revealed the most negative surface charges on PMMA-PEGMA, followed by PMMA-pHEMA, and then by PMMA. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed green fluorescence in the background, indicating images that influenced the accuracy of the quantification of live bacteria. Both the optical density value measured at 600 nm and single plate-serial dilution spotting showed that pHEMA was more effective than PEGMA against Escherichia coli and Streptococcus mutans, although the difference was not significant. Therefore, the grafting of pHEMA and PEGMA separately on PMMA is effective against bacterial adhesion, even after the grafted PMMA were coated with salivary pellicle. Surface hydrophilicity, bactericidality, and Coulomb repulsion between the negatively charged bacteria and the grafted surface contributed to the effectiveness.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Película Dentária , Metacrilatos , Polietilenoglicóis , Polimetil Metacrilato , Antibacterianos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Película Dentária/química , Microscopia Confocal , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 15(4): 2829-34, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26353500

RESUMO

In this study, TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized from titanium tetraisopropanol (TTIP) using a microwave plasma torch (MPT) and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA). The visible light photocatalysis was studied by the decomposition of methylene blue. MB present in the aqueous solution could be almost completely (> 70%) decomposed within about 720 min of reaction time under visible light irradiation. This is due to the carbon-compounds on the surface of TiO2 (TiOC) corresponding to the results of FTIR. Furthermore, a decrease in recombination between the electron and hole was induced by the existence of TiOC.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 5(20): 9918-25, 2013 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24047256

RESUMO

Electrically induced reversible reactions between ferrocene (Fc) and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) groups have been utilized for preparation of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) membranes exhibiting electrically driven biofouling release properties. PTFE membrane is surface-modified with polymer chains possessing Fc pendant groups. The surface layer is then cross-linked with a difunctional ß-CD compound by means of the Fc/ß-CD complexation reaction. The electrically induced reversibly cross-linking and de-cross-linking behaviors of the surface layer of the modified PTFE membrane have been characterized with Fourier transform Infrared, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The surface-modified PTFE membrane has been fouled with protein absorption. Electrical treatment of the fouled membrane results in a protein detachment from the membrane surface driven by the surface structure change accompanied with the electrically induced de-cross-linking reaction of the Fc/ß-CD linkages. A smart membrane exhibiting a novel cleaning technology for membrane fouling has been developed.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Membranas Artificiais , Politetrafluoretileno/química , Absorção , Eletricidade , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Metalocenos , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química
4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 5(14): 6732-42, 2013 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23795955

RESUMO

Development of bioinert membranes to prevent blood clotting, tissue adhesion, and bacterial attachment is important for the wound healing process. In this work, two wound-contacting membranes of expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (ePTFE) grafted with zwitterionic poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA) and hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) via atmospheric plasma-induced surface copolymerization were studied. The surface grafting chemical structure, hydrophilicity, and hydration capability of the membranes were determined to illustrate the correlations between bioadhesive properties and wound recovery of PEGylated and zwitterionic ePTFE membranes. Bioadhesive properties of the membranes were evaluated by the plasma protein adsorption, platelet activation, blood cell hemolysis, tissue cell adhesion, and bacterial attachment. It was found that the zwitterionic PSBMA-grafted ePTFE membrane presented high hydration capability and exhibited the best nonbioadhesive character in contact with protein solution, human blood, tissue cells, and bacterial medium. This work shows that zwitterionic membrane dressing provides a moist environment, essential for "deep" skin wound healing observed from the animal rat model in vivo and permits a complete recovery after 14 days, with histology of repaired skin similar to that of normal skin tissue. This work suggests that the bioinert nature of grafted PSBMA polymers obtained by controlling grafting structures gives them great potential in the molecular design of antibioadhesive membranes for use in skin tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Membranas Artificiais , Polímeros/química , Adsorção , Animais , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Betaína/análogos & derivados , Betaína/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Proteínas Sanguíneas/química , Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polimerização , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pele/lesões , Staphylococcus epidermidis/fisiologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 107: 152-9, 2013 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23500725

RESUMO

Non-fouling surfaces that resist non-specific protein adsorption and cell adhesion are desired for many biomedical applications such as blood-contact devices and biosensors. Therefore, surface conjugation of anti-fouling molecules has been the focus of many studies. In this study, layer-by-layer polyelectrolyte deposition was applied to create an amine-rich platform for conjugation of zwitterionic polymers. A tri-layer polyelectrolyte (TLP) coating representing poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), poly(acrylic acid)-g-azide and PEI was deposited on various polymeric substrates via layer-by-layer deposition and then crosslinked via UV irradiation. Carboxyl-terminated poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) p(SBMA) or poly(carboxybetaine methacrylate) p(CBMA) was then conjugated onto TLP coated substrates via a carbodiimide reaction. Our results demonstrate that the zwitterionic polymers could be easily conjugated over a wide pH range except under alkaline conditions, and almost completely block protein adsorption and the attachment of L929 cells and platelets. Therefore, this method has outstanding potential in biomedical applications that require low-fouling surfaces.


Assuntos
Betaína/farmacologia , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/citologia , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/farmacologia , Adsorção/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Betaína/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/farmacologia , Eletrólitos/química , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Fluorescamina , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Íons , Metacrilatos/química , Camundongos , Adesividade Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Água/química
6.
Langmuir ; 28(51): 17733-42, 2012 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23181727

RESUMO

In this work, the hemocompatibility of zwitterionic polypropylene (PP) fibrous membranes with varying grafting coverage of poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA) via plasma-induced surface polymerization was studied. Charge neutrality of PSBMA-grafted layers on PP membrane surfaces was controlled by the low-pressure and atmospheric plasma treatment in this study. The effects of grafting composition, surface hydrophilicity, and hydration capability on blood compatibility of the membranes were determined. Protein adsorption onto the different PSBMA-grafted PP membranes from human fibrinogen solutions was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with monoclonal antibodies. Blood platelet adhesion and plasma clotting time measurements from a recalcified platelet-rich plasma solution were used to determine if platelet activation depends on the charge bias of the grafted PSBMA layer. The charge bias of PSBMA layer deviated from the electrical balance of positively and negatively charged moieties can be well-controlled via atmospheric plasma-induced interfacial zwitterionization and was further tested with human whole blood. The optimized PSBMA surface graft layer in overall charge neutrality has a high hydration capability and keeps its original blood-inert property of antifouling, anticoagulant, and antithrmbogenic activities when it comes into contact with human blood. This work suggests that the hemocompatible nature of grafted PSBMA polymers by controlling grafting quality via atmospheric plasma treatment gives a great potential in the surface zwitterionization of hydrophobic membranes for use in human whole blood.


Assuntos
Betaína/análogos & derivados , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Membranas Artificiais , Plasma/química , Polipropilenos/química , Adsorção , Anticoagulantes/química , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Betaína/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Proteínas Sanguíneas/química , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Metacrilatos/química , Adesividade Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 237-238: 10-9, 2012 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22959265

RESUMO

Immobilization of TiO(2) is a promising approach that produces antifouling and photocatalytic membranes that could help advance wastewater treatment and re-use processes. In this study, poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was plasma-grafted on commercial poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) to introduce functional groups on the membrane surface that can support the nanoparticles. It was found that plasma treatment at 100 W for 120 s followed by liquid grafting with 70% aqueous AA at 60°C for 2h maximized the number of TiO(2) binding sites. Membrane hydrophilicity was tremendously enhanced by the self-assembly of TiO(2), following a direct proportionality to TiO(2) loading. The membrane with 0.5% TiO(2) loading maintained the highest pure water flux and the best protein antifouling property. UV irradiation triggered the photodegradation of strongly bound foulants, but at least 1.5% TiO(2) and 30 min cumulative irradiation were necessary to completely recover the membrane's original performance. The TiO(2)-modified membranes removed 30-42% of 50mg/l aqueous Reactive Black 5 (RB5) dye. The fabricated membranes demonstrate huge potential for use in membrane reactors with high hydrophilicity, fouling mitigation, and photocatalytic capability.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Corantes/química , Membranas Artificiais , Polivinil/química , Titânio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Catálise , Corantes/efeitos da radiação , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Naftalenossulfonatos/química , Naftalenossulfonatos/efeitos da radiação , Fotólise , Raios Ultravioleta , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos da radiação
8.
Biomacromolecules ; 12(12): 4348-56, 2011 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22077421

RESUMO

Zwitterionic sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) polymers were known to possess excellent antifouling properties due to high hydration capacity and neutral charge surface. In this study, copolymers of SBMA and acrylic acid (AA) with a variety of compositions were synthesized and were immobilized onto polymeric substrates with layer-by-layer polyelectrolyte films via electrostatic interaction. The amounts of platelet adhesion and fibrinogen adsorption were determined to evaluate hemocompatibility of poly(SBMA-co-AA)-modified substrates. Among various deposition conditions by modulating SBMA ratio in the copolymers and pH of the deposition solution, poly(SBMA(56)-co-AA(44)) deposited at pH 3.0 possessed the best hemocompatibility. This work demonstrated that poly(SBMA-co-AA) copolymers adsorbed on polyelectrolyte-base films via electrostatic interaction improve hemocompatibility effectively and are applicable for various substrates including TCPS, PU, and PDMS. Furthermore, poly(SBMA-co-AA)-coated substrate possesses great durability under rigorous conditions. The preliminary hemocompatibility tests regarding platelet adhesion, fibrinogen adsorption, and plasma coagulation suggest the potential of this technique for the application to blood-contacting biomedical devices.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/síntese química , Metacrilatos/metabolismo , Acrilatos/síntese química , Acrilatos/metabolismo , Adsorção , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Adesividade Plaquetária/fisiologia , Polímeros/metabolismo
9.
Langmuir ; 27(9): 5445-55, 2011 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21449586

RESUMO

In this work, the hemocompatibility of PEGylated poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) microporous membranes with varying grafting coverage and structures via plasma-induced surface PEGylation was studied. Network-like and brush-like PEGylated layers on PVDF membrane surfaces were achieved by low-pressure and atmospheric plasma treatment. The chemical composition, physical morphology, grafting structure, surface hydrophilicity, and hydration capability of prepared membranes were determined to illustrate the correlations between grafting qualities and hemocompatibility of PEGylated PVDF membranes in contact with human blood. Plasma protein adsorption onto different PEGylated PVDF membranes from single-protein solutions and the complex medium of 100% human plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with monoclonal antibodies. Hemocompatibility of the PEGylated membranes was evaluated by the antifouling property of platelet adhesion observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the anticoagulant activity of the blood coagulant determined by testing plasma-clotting time. The control of grafting structures of PEGylated layers highly regulates the PVDF membrane to resist the adsorption of plasma proteins, the adhesion of platelets, and the coagulation of human plasma. It was found that PVDF membranes grafted with brush-like PEGylated layers presented higher hydration capability with binding water molecules than with network-like PEGylated layers to improve the hemocompatible character of plasma protein and blood platelet resistance in human blood. This work suggests that the hemocompatible nature of grafted PEGylated polymers by controlling grafting structures gives them great potential in the molecular design of antithrombogenic membranes for use in human blood.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Membranas Artificiais , Plasma/metabolismo , Polivinil/química , Atmosfera , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 3(4): 1228-37, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21388227

RESUMO

Development of nonfouling membranes to prevent nonspecific protein adsorption and platelet adhesion is critical for many biomedical applications. It is always a challenge to control the surface graft copolymerization of a highly polar monomer from the highly hydrophobic surface of a fluoropolymer membrane. In this work, the blood compatibility of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes with surface-grafted electrically neutral zwitterionic poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA), from atmospheric plasma-induced surface copolymerization, was studied. The effect of surface composition and graft morphology, electrical neutrality, hydrophilicity and hydration capability on blood compatibility of the membranes were determined. Blood compatibility of the zwitterionic PVDF membranes was systematically evaluated by plasma protein adsorption, platelet adhesion, plasma-clotting time, and blood cell hemolysis. It was found that the nonfouling nature and hydration capability of grafted PSBMA polymers can be effectively controlled by regulating the grafting coverage and charge balance of the PSBMA layer on the PVDF membrane surface. Even a slight charge bias in the grafted zwitterionic PSBMA layer can induce electrostatic interactions between proteins and the membrane surfaces, leading to surface protein adsorption, platelet activation, plasma clotting and blood cell hemolysis. Thus, the optimized PSBMA surface graft layer in overall charge neutrality has a high hydration capability and the best antifouling, anticoagulant, and antihemolytic activities when comes into contact with human blood.


Assuntos
Betaína/análogos & derivados , Sangue , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Membranas/química , Polivinil/química , Betaína/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
11.
Langmuir ; 26(22): 17470-6, 2010 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20932039

RESUMO

In this study, Doppler broadening energy spectroscopy (DBES) combined with slow positron beam was used to discuss the effect of substrate types on the fine structure of a plasma-polymerized SiOCH layer as a function of depth. From the SEM pictures, the SiOCH films formed on different substrates showed hemispherical macrostructures, and the deposition rate was dependent on the mean pore size. It appears that the morphology of the plasma-polymerized SiOCH films was associated with the porosity-related characteristics of the substrate such as the size/shape of pores. As deposited on the MCE-022 substrate (mixed cellulose esters membrane with a mean pore size of 0.22 µm) with a nodular structure, the SiOCH films had pillar-like structures and high gas permeabilities. DBES results showed that the SiOCH films deposited on different substrates were composed of three layers: the SiOCH bulk layer, the transition layer, and the substrate. It was observed that the microstructure of the SiOCH films was affected layer by layer; a higher surface pore size in the substrates induced thicker transition layers with higher microporosities and led to thinner bulk layers having higher S parameter values during the plasma polymerization. It was also observed that the change in O(2)/N(2) selectivity was consistent with the DBES analysis results. The gas separation performance and DBES analysis results agreed with each other.

12.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; 16(6): 699-714, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16028591

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of physicochemical surface properties of tissue-culture substrata on chondrocyte behavior. Polystyrene was modified by radio-frequency glow discharge (RFGD) plasma treatment with various monomers. The changes in surface properties of the modified polystyrene were verified by ESCA and water contact angle measurements. Porcine chondrocytes were seeded on these surfaces and cultured for 5 days. After 5 days of culture, the number of chondrocytes was highest on the N2 plasma-treated surface, followed by the CH2/N2 plasma-treated surface, untreated polystyrene and CF4 plasma-treated surface. The number of chondrocytes decreased with increasing water contact angle. The surface chemical properties influenced the morphology and gene expression of cultured chondrocytes. The cells cultured on the CF4 plasma-treated surface retained a round morphology characteristic of chondrocytes after day 1, while most of the cells grown on the N2 plasma-treated surface or the untreated polystyrene showed a flattened morphology. Using RT-PCR, expression of type-I collagen could not be detected in the chondrocytes cultured on the CF4 plasma-treated surface and the CH2/N2 plasma-treated surface. In contrast, the chondrocytes grown on the N2 plasma-treated surface or the untreated polystyrene surface expressed type-I collagen mRNA. This study shows that modification by RFGD treatment could modulate chondrocyte culture and gene expression.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/citologia , Poliestirenos/farmacologia , Ondas de Rádio , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Acetileno , Animais , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Fluorcarbonetos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrogênio , Poliestirenos/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Suínos
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