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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 842722, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498428

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels in diabetic men with and without hypogonadism and figured out the potential factors influencing the connection between vitamin D and testosterone. Methods: A total of 367 men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were investigated, including 254 men with normal gonadal function (Group 1) and 113 men with hypogonadism (Group 2). Men with hypogonadism were classified as either hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (Group 2a) or hypergonadotropic hypogonadism (Group 2b). Serum 25(OH)D levels were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in all cases. Morning total testosterone (TT), estradiol (E), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), prolactin (PRL), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid function, parathyroid and adrenal hormones, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (Fins) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were also assessed. Results: The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in men with T2DM was up to 96.46%. Serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in men with hypogonadism than those with eugonadism (16.65 ± 6.44 ng/mL vs. 18.17 ± 6.17 ng/mL, P=0.033). The lowest 25(OH)D level was observed in Group 2a (16.22 ± 6.52 ng/mL). After adjustment for the selected factors, serum 25(OH)D concentrations were shown to be positively correlated with TT concentrations (r=0.137, P=0.032). The relationship between 25(OH)D and testosterone was altered by age, duration of T2DM, body mass index, and HbA1c. Serum 25(OH)D level was positively associated with serum TT level in men with age <60 years (r=0.180, P=0.003), or with duration≥5 years (r=0.186, P=0.013), or with body mass index (BMI)≥28kg/m2 (r=0.431, P=0.000), or with HbA1c≥9% (r=0.145, P=0.031). Conclusions: These findings indicate that type 2 diabetes patients with hypogonadism have lower 25(OH)D levels than those without hypogonadism. There seems to be a positive association between the serum 25(OH)D and TT levels, which affected by age, duration, BMI, and HbA1c.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipogonadismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testosterona , Vitamina D , Vitaminas
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 1995-2007, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531714

RESUMO

Quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces is vital for the development of the downstream industries, and is an important channel for implementing the strategy of "higher quality, higher price, and priority for the high quality" for traditional Chinese medicine. At the moment, the quality of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces is mainly evaluated based on chemical component examination. Considering the weak preliminary research foundation and poor research conditions, traditional experience-based evaluation is undervalued in the quality rating of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces. However, traditional experience is a summary of the quality of Chinese medicinal materials based on clinical experience, which thus can be a potential basis for the quality evaluation of the decoction pieces. It is a challenge in the evaluation of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces to objectify the traditional experience-based evaluation from multiple aspects such as chemistry, effect, and characterization via modern techniques. Therefore, this study developed the "experience-ingredients-activity-electronic sensing" evaluation system for Chinese medicinal decoction pieces on the basis of experience-based assessment, chemical ingredients that can truly reflect the traditional experience, biological effect assessment, and electronic sensory evaluation, which is expected to quantify the traditional experience of quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces via chemistry, biology, and sensory simulation. The evaluation system can serve as a reference for clinical experience-based quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Eletrônica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Restrição Física
3.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535955

RESUMO

Mild-temperature photothermal therapy (PTT) is being extensively explored because it causes less injury to normal cells. However, the effect of mild-temperature PTT is decreased because of heat shock protein (HSP) overexpression. To solve this problem, we designed functional conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNs-G) that enhance the mild-temperature photothermal effect. Upon near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation, CPNs-G generate local heat to realize the photothermal effect. Meanwhile, the increased temperature enhances the catalytic activity of GOx, thus impeding the generation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and inhibiting HSP expression. Therefore, this work provides a strategy for overcoming thermoresistance through an enzyme-mediated starvation effect regulated by NIR light.

4.
Clin Med Insights Oncol ; 16: 11795549221090186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509769

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is rare, and its appropriate treatment remains unknown. We aim to explore the characteristics and optimal treatment of it. Methods: The data on clinicopathologic characteristics, molecular alteration, treatment, and survival of patients diagnosed with PACC at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2005 to 2020 were collected. The optimal treatment was explored by co-analyzing our results and published literatures. Results: Twenty-two PACC patients were enrolled. Eight of 17 non-metastatic patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. The patients receiving fluoropyrimidine-based regimen (n = 3) had a better median disease-free survival (mDFS) than those with gemcitabine-based regimen (n = 5) (unreached vs 27 months). Eight metastatic patients received first-line chemotherapy. Four patients received second-line chemotherapy. The objective response rate (ORR) of the fluoropyrimidine-based regimen was 85.7% (6/7), much better than that of the gemcitabine-based regimen (0/5). One patient who had responded to the first-line FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil + oxaliplatin + leucovorin + irinotecan) regimen received olaparib as maintenance treatment for 5 months with good tolerance. Thirty-one published literatures, with a total of 86 cases, were included in the co-analysis. The ORR of the first-line fluoropyrimidine-based regimen (n = 47) was higher than that of gemcitabine-based regimen (n = 39) (59.6% vs 15.3%, P < .001). Eight of 11 patients treated with the FOLFIRINOX regimen achieved partial response (PR). Conclusions: For patients with metastasis, a fluorouracil-based regimen such as FOLFIRINOX may be preferred, and maintenance treatment of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors after effective platinum-containing treatment for breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA) mutation patients must be assessed.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 874497, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464942

RESUMO

The point mutation R343W in MoIRR, a putative Zn2Cys6 transcription factor, introduces isoprothiolane (IPT) resistance in Magnaporthe oryzae. However, the function of MoIRR has not been characterized. In this study, the function of MoIRR was investigated by subcellular localization observation, transcriptional autoactivation test, and transcriptomic analysis. As expected, GFP-tagged MoIRR was translocated in the nucleus, and its C-terminal could autonomously activate the expression of reporter genes HIS3 and α-galactosidase in absence of any prey proteins in Y2HGold, suggesting that MoIRR was a typical transcription factor. Transcriptomic analysis was then performed for resistant mutant 1a_mut (R343W), knockout transformant ΔMoIRR-1, and their parental wild-type isolate H08-1a. Upregulated genes in both 1a_mut and ΔMoIRR-1 were involved in fungicide resistance-related KEGG pathways, including the glycerophospholipid metabolism and Hog1 MAPK pathways. All MoIRR deficiency-related IPT-resistant strains exhibited increased susceptibility to fludioxonil (FLU) that was due to the upregulation of Hog1 MAPK pathway genes. The results indicated a correlation between FLU susceptibility and MoIRR deficiency-related IPT resistance in M. oryzae. Thus, using a mixture of IPT and FLU could be a strategy to manage the IPT-resistant populations of M. oryzae in rice fields.

6.
Insects ; 13(4)2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447791

RESUMO

Japanese giant silkworm (JGS), Caligula japonica Moore, is an emerging defoliator pest of forest and fruit trees in East Asia, causing severe economic losses. To develop a cost-effective biological control program against JGS, we used eggs of the Chinese oak silkworm (COS) Antheraea pernyi Guérin-Méneville as an alternative host to rear the most dominant JGS egg parasitoid Anastatus japonicus Ashmead. We compared the demographic parameters and total parasitism (killing) rates of A. japonicus parasitizing JGS and COS eggs using an age-stage, two-sex life table method. The results showed that A. japonicus performed differently on these two different hosts. Anastatus japonicus reared from COS eggs had a higher fecundity (369.7 eggs per female) and a longer oviposition period (35.9 days) on the COS than JGS eggs (180.9 eggs; 24.0 days). Consequently, A. japonicus parasitizing COS eggs had a higher intrinsic rate of increase (r = 0.1466 d-1), finite rate of increase (λ = 1.1579 d-1) and net reproductive rate (R0 = 284.9 offspring) than those parasitizing JGS eggs (r = 0.1419 d-1, λ = 1.1525 d-1, R0 = 150.0 offspring). The total net parasitism rate (the number of parasitized hosts in which the parasitoids successfully developed) of A. japonicus parasitizing COS eggs was 284.9, significantly higher than that of A. japonicus parasitizing JGS eggs (150.0), while the net non-effective parasitism rate (the number of parasitized hosts in which the parasitoids failed to develop) of the former (0.0) was significantly lower than that of the latter (9.6). These results suggest that A. japonicus can be efficiently reared on the alternative (or factitious) COS eggs, and the reared parasitoids have a high biological control potential against the target JGS.

7.
Oncogenesis ; 11(1): 16, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418575

RESUMO

Alginate oligosaccharide (AOS) has the function to inhibit tumor progression and the sulfated modification can enhance the antitumor activity. To date, the function and mechanism of sulfated AOS (AOS-SO4) in tumors remain largely elusive. We prepared AOS by the enzymatic degradation of alginate, collected AOS-SO4 by sulfating following the canonical procedure. Using these materials, in vitro assays showed that both AOS and AOS-SO4 elicited antitumor effects in osteosarcoma cells. Sulfated modification significantly enhanced the antitumor activity. In addition, AOS-SO4 had obvious effects on cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy induction in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we observed that AOS-SO4 treatment triggered proapoptotic autophagy by inhibiting MEK1/ERK/mTOR signaling. The ERK activator reversed AOS-SO4-induced autophagy. More importantly, we found that KSR1 interacted with MEK1 and functioned as a positive regulator of MEK1 protein in osteosarcoma cells. High KSR1 expression was significantly associated with poor survival in osteosarcoma patients. Together, these results suggest that AOS-SO4 has a better antitumor effect in osteosarcoma by inhibiting MEK1/ERK/mTOR signaling, which is KSR1-dependent; thus, AOS-SO4 can be a new potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech ; 1865(3): 194814, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439639

RESUMO

Mounting evidence showed that excess selenium (10.0-15.0-fold of adequate Se) intake caused severe hepatic lipid deposition in the vertebrate. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of Se supranutrition mediated-changes of lipid deposition and metabolism. We found that dietary excessive Se addition increased hepatic TGs and glucose contents, up-regulated lipogenic enzyme activities and reduced hepatic glycogen contents. Transcriptomic and immunoblotting analysis showed that Se supranutrition significantly influenced serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT1)-forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a)-PYGL signaling and protein levels of SELENOF. Knockdown of SELENOF and PYGL by RNA interference revealed that the AKT1-FOXO3a-PYGL axis was critical for Se supranutrition-induced lipid accumulation. Moreover, Se supranutrition-induced lipid accumulation was via the increased DNA binding capacity of FOXO3a to PYGL promoter, which increased glycogenolysis, and accordingly promoted lipogenesis and lipid accumulation. Our finding provides new insight into the mechanism of Se supranutrition-induced lipid accumulation and suggests that SELENOF may be a therapeutic target for Se supranutrition induced-lipid disorders in the vertebrates.


Assuntos
Glicogenólise , Selênio , Animais , Lipídeos , Lipogênese/genética , Selênio/farmacologia , Selenoproteínas/genética
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(8)2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457022

RESUMO

The mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt) is known as a conservative mechanism in response to mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, based on UPRmt, this study was conducted to determine the mechanism of a high-fat diet (HFD) inducing mitochondrial dysfunction and its role in stimulating hepatic lipid dysregulation. The choline-activated alleviating effect was also evaluated. In vivo, yellow catfish were fed three diets (control, HFD, and HFD + choline diet) for 10 weeks. In vitro, hepatocytes isolated from yellow catfish and the HepG2 cell line were cultured and incubated with fatty acid (FA) for 48 h. (1) HFD-induced mitochondrial dysfunction via SIRT3/mtHSP70-mediated UPRmt. HFD inhibited the subcellular localization of SIRT3 into the mitochondrion, resulting in the up-regulating of mtHSP70 acetylation via lysine residues 493 and 507. The mtHSP70 acetylation promoted the stability of mtHSP70, which then led to the UPRmt and further mitochondrial dysfunction. (2) SIRT3/mtHSP70-mediated UPRmt regulated HFD/FA-induced hepatic lipid dysregulation. SIRT3/mtHSP70-mediated UPRmt reduced FA ß-oxidation via mitochondrial dysfunction and then led to lipid dysregulation. Additionally, the mtHSP70-ACOX1 interaction was confirmed. (3) Choline alleviated HFD-induced UPRmt via up-regulating the localization of SIRT3 into the mitochondrion, which in turn led to the subsequent ameliorating effect on HFD-induced hepatic lipid dysregulation. Through SIRT3-mediated mtHSP70 deacetylation, dietary choline alleviates HFD-induced hepatic lipid dysregulation via UPRmt. This provides the first proof of acetylation regulating UPRmt and the crosstalk between UPRmt and FA ß-oxidation.


Assuntos
Sirtuína 3 , Colina/metabolismo , Colina/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Sirtuína 3/genética , Sirtuína 3/metabolismo
10.
Br J Cancer ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis has attracted increasing interest in cancer therapy. Emerging evidences suggest that naturally occurring naphthoquinones exhibit potent anti-glioma effects via various mechanisms. METHODS: The anti-glioma effects of plumbagin were evaluated by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Anti-glioma mechanism of plumbagin was studied by proteomics, flow cytometry, MDA assay, western blot, and RT-PCR. Gene knockdown/overexpression, molecular docking, PharmMappper database, and coimmunoprecipitation were used to study the targets of plumbagin. RESULTS: Plumbagin showed higher blood-brain barrier penetration ability than that of lapachol and shikonin and elicited significant growth inhibitory effects in vitro and in vivo. Ferroptosis was the main mechanism of plumbagin-induced cell death. Mechanistically, plumbagin significantly downregulated the protein and mRNA levels of xCT and decreased GPX4 protein levels. NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) was revealed as a plumbagin predictive target using PharmMappper database and molecular docking. Plumbagin enhanced NQO1 activity and decreased xCT expression, resulting in NQO1-dependent cell death. It also induced GPX4 degradation via the lysosome pathway and caused GPX4-dependent cell death. CONCLUSIONS: Plumbagin inhibited in vitro and in vivo glioma growth via targeting NQO1/GPX4-mediated ferroptosis, which might be developed as a novel ferroptosis inducer or anti-glioma candidate.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(8): 2404-2419, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Millions of people have died of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and retrospective studies of the disease in local regions are necessary. AIM: To characterize the epidemiological features and dynamic changes in blood biochemical indices for SARS-CoV-2-infected patients in Hebi, a representative city with a large floating population in North China. METHODS: From January 25 to February 10, 2020, the clinical data of patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in Hebi city (China) were evaluated at admission, and laboratory data for hematologic parameters, inflammatory indices, coagulation function indices, liver function indices, blood lipid indices, renal function indices, myocardial enzyme activities and five blood biochemical markers of immunity were evaluated at admission, upon hospitalization and before discharge. RESULTS: Sixteen confirmed COVID-19 patients developed pneumonia but were cured after adequate treatment. Fever and fatigue were the common symptoms. The most common laboratory abnormalities of patients at admission were leukopenia, eosinopenia, decreased percentage of eosinophils, elevated high sensitivity C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels, hypoalbuminemia, mildly increased aspartate transferase activity and levels of bilirubin, and increased levels of ß2-microglobulin. Importantly, aggravated liver dysfunction was detected in most patients, which may be partially attributed to virus infection as well as medicinal treatment. CONCLUSION: This study provides several potential diagnostic markers and dynamic biochemical indices of disease progression to better prevent, diagnose and treat COVID-19 infection.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(4): 1788-1798, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393802

RESUMO

A monitoring and traceability management system for unorganized emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in industrial parks has been established. This system uses distributed multi-channel mass spectrometry to continuously monitor multiple online monitoring points within the enterprise and the factory boundary to initially identify the source of unorganized emissions of VOCs. Based on online monitoring data, the system combined a positive matrix factorization (PMF) model and conditional bivariate probability function (CBPF) methods to accurately identify pollution sources of different scales in the park. The system was successfully applied to a pharmaceutical chemical factory in Taizhou Chemical Industry Park, and VOCs online monitoring was carried out for more than three months at 10 monitoring sites in the factory area. The sources of VOCs were analyzed using the PMF model, and the geographical location information of each pollution source factor was identified by the CBPF method. During the monitoring period, the contribution of chlorobenzene emissions and the number of early warnings were much higher than those of other species. Compared with that of other species, the frequency of abnormal emissions of butene was higher, and the frequency of abnormal emissions of toluene was lower. Among the top ten species, only chlorobenzene had significant concentration changes in different monitoring sites. Ambient VOCs in the plant mainly came from six sources:butene emission, toluene emission, chlorobenzene emission, solvent use, sulfur-related processes, and industrial production. Based on the CBPF results of each pollution source factor relative to the ten monitoring stations, the local pollution source and external pollution source in the plant were distinguished, and the specific location of the local pollution source and the transmission direction of the external pollution source were identified.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Espectrometria de Massas , Tolueno/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
13.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 12(1): 13, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359233

RESUMO

Air pollution adversely affects skin, leading to skin inflammation and premature skin aging. Plant derived antioxidant compounds have been considered to be promising in discovery of effective agents for the protection of skin from the damage by air pollutants. Our previous studies demonstrated that Averrhoa carambola fruit (known as star fruit) is rich in flavonoid C-glycosides with unique structures and potent antioxidant activity. Thus, the star fruit extract (SFE) and main flavonoid C-glycoside components, carambolasides I, J, and P (1-3), carambolaflavone B (4), and isovitexin 2″-O-α-L-rhamnoside (5), were investigated for the activity against air pollutant stress in human epidermis. As a result, SFE and compounds 1-5 exhibited significant inhibitory activity against protein carbonylation in oxidative-stressed stratum corneum with the best activity being shown by compound 3. SFE and compounds 2-5 were also active against engine exhaust-induced protein carbonylation in stratum corneum. When further evaluated, SFE and compound 3 significantly inhibited gene expression of the key inflammation mediators IL-1α and COX-2 in PM-stressed keratinocytes. The results indicated that SFE and the flavonoid C-glycosides are potentially effective against air pollutant-induced skin inflammation and premature aging.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 806284, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359856

RESUMO

The treatment of chronic wound is an important topic of current clinical issue. Neovascularization plays a crucial role in skin wound healing by delivering fresh nutrients and oxygen to the wound area. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of urolithin A (UA) in angiogenesis during wound healing. The results of in vitro experiments showed that treatment with UA (5-20 µM) promoted the proliferation, migration, and angiogenic capacity of HUVECs. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of UA in vivo using a full-thickness skin wound model. Subsequently, we found that UA promoted the regeneration of new blood vessels, which is consistent with the results of accelerated angiogenesis in vitro experiments. After UA treatment, the blood vessels in the wound are rapidly formed, and the deposition and remodeling process of the collagen matrix is also accelerated, which ultimately promotes the effective wound healing. Mechanistic studies have shown that UA promotes angiogenesis by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT pathway. Our study provides evidence that UA can promote angiogenesis and skin regeneration in chronic wounds, especially ischemic wounds.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 823865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360340

RESUMO

Different soybean varieties vary greatly in their nutritional value and composition. Screening for superior varieties is also essential for the development of the soybean seed industry. The objective of the paper was to analyze the feasibility of terahertz (THz) frequency-domain spectroscopy and chemometrics for soybean variety identification. Meanwhile, a grey wolf optimizer-support vector machine (GWO-SVM) soybean variety identification model was proposed. Firstly, the THz frequency-domain spectra of experimental samples (6 varieties, 270 in total) were collected. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to analyze the THz spectra. After that, 203 samples from the calibration set were used to establish a soybean variety identification model. Finally, 67 samples from the test set were used for prediction validation. The experimental results demonstrated that THz frequency-domain spectroscopy combined with GWO-SVM could quickly and accurately identify soybean varieties. Compared with discriminant partial least squares (DPLS) and particles swarm optimization support vector machine, GWO-SVM combined with the second derivative could establish a better soybean variety identification model. The overall correct identification rate of its prediction set was 97.01%.

16.
RSC Adv ; 12(17): 10209-10218, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424974

RESUMO

The mechanical, electronic structure and optical properties of aluminium based double halide perovskite were calculated by density functional theory. The formation energy and elastic constant confirm the stability of the cubic perovskite materials. The materials are all ductile and suitable for flexible photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices. The band gap values vary from 0.773 eV to 3.430 eV, exactly corresponding to the range of ideal band gap values for good photoresponse. The band structure analysis shows that all the materials possess small effective mass, which indicates a good transport of carriers. And these materials have a broad energy range of optical absorption for utilization and a detector of photons. Moreover, less expensive K2AgAlBr6 were investigated for comparison with materials containing a cesium element, and according to the results, is also a candidate for photoelectronic devices due to the similar properties.

17.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(3)2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330315

RESUMO

Colletotrichum is regarded as one of the 10 most important genera of plant pathogens in the world. It causes diseases in a wide range of economically important plants, including peaches. China is the largest producer of peaches in the world but little is known about the Colletotrichum spp. affecting the crop. In 2017 and 2018, a total of 286 Colletotrichum isolates were isolated from symptomatic fruit and leaves in 11 peach production provinces of China. Based on multilocus phylogenetic analyses (ITS, ACT, CAL, CHS-1, GAPDH, TUB2, and HIS3) and morphological characterization, the isolates were identified to be C. nymphaeae, C. fioriniae, and C. godetiae of the C. acutatum species complex, C. fructicola and C. siamense of the C. gloeosporioides species complex, C. karsti of the C. boninense species complex, and one newly identified species, C. folicola sp. nov. This study is the first report of C. karsti and C. godetiae in peaches, and the first report of C. nymphaeae, C. fioriniae, C. fructicola, and C. siamense in peaches in China. C. nymphaeae is the most prevalent species of Colletotrichum in peaches in China, which may be the result of fungicide selection. Pathogenicity tests revealed that all species found in this study were pathogenic on both the leaves and fruit of peaches, except for C. folicola, which only infected the leaves. The present study substantially improves our understanding of the causal agents of anthracnose on peaches in China.

18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(3): e220587, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230439

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Anti-programmed cell death 1 (anti-PD-1) immunotherapy features a durable response and improved survival in a small subset of patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (RM-NPC). The association between plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA titer dynamics and efficacy of anti-PD-1 monotherapy has been reported, while its value in predicting long-term outcomes and monitoring disease progression is unclear for patients with RM-NPC who are receiving anti-PD-1 monotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of plasma EBV DNA titers in prognosis prediction and surveillance of disease progression for patients with RM-NPC who are receiving anti-PD-1 monotherapy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients with RM-NPC from the POLARIS-02 prospective clinical trial, the largest cohort to receive anti-PD-1 monotherapy, were included in this study. From December 22, 2016, to February 19, 2019, 17 participating centers in China screened 279 patients with RM-NPC; 190 patients were enrolled and followed up until February 19, 2020. Plasma EBV DNA was detected before treatment and every 4 weeks until disease progression. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Plasma EBV DNA as a predictor for progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), durable clinical benefit (defined as PFS of ≥6 months), and disease progression. RESULTS: Of 179 patients with RM-NPC receiving anti-PD-1 therapy, 148 (82.7%) were men, and the median age was 46 years (range, 22-71 years). A higher baseline EBV DNA titer was associated with shorter median OS (hazard ratio, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.22-2.89; P = .004). Patients with a ratio of the EBV DNA titer at week 4 to that at baseline (W4 to baseline ratio) greater than 0.5 had shorter median OS (hazard ratio, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.30-3.65; P < .001) than those with a W4 to baseline ratio of 0.5 or less. Patients with higher baseline EBV DNA titers had a lower durable clinical benefit rate than those with lower baseline EBV DNA titers (19 of 97 [19.6%] vs 27 of 71 [38.0%]; P = .01). Similarly, patients with a W4 to baseline ratio greater than 0.5 had a lower durable clinical benefit rate than those with a W4 to baseline ratio of 0.5 or less (9 of 86 [10.5%] vs 32 of 54 [59.3%]; P < .001). In addition, a significant EBV DNA titer increase was present at a median of 2.6 months (IQR, 0.9-4.5 months) prior to radiographic progression. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study of plasma EBV DNA in patients with RM-NPC who are receiving anti-PD-1 monotherapy suggests that plasma EBV DNA could be a useful biomarker for outcomes and monitoring disease progression.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Adulto , Idoso , DNA Viral , Progressão da Doença , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Phytomedicine ; 100: 154045, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) causes damage to coronary capillary endothelial barrier and microvascular leakage (MVL), aggravating tissue injury and heart dysfunction. However, the effective strategy for protecting endothelium barrier of cardiac vasculature remains limited. PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the effect of Astragaloside IV (ASIV) on coronary MVL after cardiac I/R and the underlying mechanism. STUDY DESIGN: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used for assessment of the efficacy of Astragaloside IV in protection of myocardial I/R injury, while human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells were applied to gain more insight into the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats with or without pretreatment by ASIV at 10 mg/kg were subjected to occlusion of left coronary anterior descending artery followed by reperfusion. Endothelial cells were exposed to hypoxia and re-oxygenation (H/R). The distribution of junction proteins was detected by immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscope, the content of junction proteins was detected by Western blot, the level of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was detected by ELISA, and the signal pathway related to permeability was detected by siRNA infection. The fluorescence intensity of FITC-albumin and FITC-Dextran was measured to evaluate the permeability of endothelial cells. RESULTS: ASIV exhibited protective effects on capillary damage, myocardium edema, albumin leakage, leucocyte infiltration, and the downregulated expression of endothelial junction proteins after I/R. Moreover, ASIV displayed ability to protect ATP from depletion after I/R or H/R, and the effect of ASIV on regulating vascular permeability and junction proteins was abolished once ATP synthase was inhibited. Notably, ASIV activated the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and downstream signaling after reoxygenation. Knocking IGF1R down abolished the effect of ASIV on restoration of ATP, junction proteins and endothelial barrier after H/R. CONCLUSION: ASIV was potential to prevent MVL after I/R in heart. Moreover, the study for the first time demonstrated that the beneficial role of ASIV depended on promoting production of ATP through activating IGF1R signaling pathway. This result provided novel insight for better understanding the mechanism underlying the potential of ASIV to cope with cardiac I/R injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Animais , Células Endoteliais , Endotélio , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusão , Saponinas/farmacologia , Saponinas/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico
20.
Reproduction ; 163(5): 281-291, 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35239510

RESUMO

Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a multifactorial condition with no explanation of miscarriage in approximately half of the RPL patients, consequently leaving deep physical and emotional sequels. Transcription factor 3 (TCF3 or E2A), is a unique member of the LEF/TCF family and plays an important role in embryogenesis. However, its function in RPL is poorly understood. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry, we demonstrated that TCF3 was downregulated in decidual tissues from RPL patients compared with healthy control (HC). Further, TCF3 knockdown inhibited proliferation, induced G0/G1 phase arrest, and promoted migration in human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs), while overexpression of TCF3 exhibited the opposite effects. RNA-sequencing analysis combined with gene-set enrichment analysis results showed that the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is potentially downstream of TCF3. Knockdown of TCF3 confirmed increased p38 phosphorylation, while overexpression of TCF3 inhibited p38 phosphorylation. Furthermore, we found that TCF3 protein level was decreased in HESCs under hypoxic incubation, while hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1A) knockdown increased the expression of TCF3. TCF3 overexpression recovered the proliferation ability of HESCs inhibited by hypoxia and reversed hypoxia-induced migration. Consistently, we found that RPL patients had a significantly higher level of HIF1A in the decidual tissue than HC. Overall, this study clarifies that increased HIF1A in the decidua contributes to the occurrence of RPL through the TCF3/p38 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Decídua , Aborto Habitual/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Decídua/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Células Estromais/metabolismo
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