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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2000091, 2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419239

RESUMO

A tubular micromotor with spatially resolved compartments is presented toward efficient site-specific cargo delivery, with a back-end zinc (Zn) propellant engine segment and an upfront cargo-loaded gelatin segment further protected by a pH-responsive cap. The multicompartment micromotors display strong gastric-powered propulsion with tunable lifetime depending on the Zn segment length. Such propulsion significantly enhances the motor distribution and retention in the gastric tissues, by pushing and impinging the front-end cargo segment onto the stomach wall. Once the micromotor penetrates the gastric mucosa (pH ≥ 6.0), its pH-responsive cap dissolves, promoting the autonomous localized cargo release. The fabrication process, physicochemical properties, and propulsion behavior are systematically tested and discussed. Using a mouse model, the multicompartment motors, loaded with a model cargo, demonstrate a homogeneous cargo distribution along with approximately four-fold enhanced retention in the gastric lining compared to monocompartment motors, while showing no apparent toxicity. Therapeutic payloads can also be loaded into the pH-responsive cap, in addition to the gelatin-based compartment, leading to concurrent delivery and sequential release of dual cargos toward combinatorial therapy. Overall, this multicompartment micromotor system provides unique features and advantages that will further advance the development of synthetic micromotors for active transport and localized delivery of biomedical cargos.

2.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1284, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acephalic spermatozoa is an extremely rare type of teratozoospermia that is associated with male infertility. Several genes have been reported to be relevant to acephalic spermatozoa. Thus, more genetic pathogenesis needs to be explored. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed in a patient with acephalic spermatozoa. Then Sanger sequencing was used for validation in the patient and his family. The patient's spermatozoa sample was observed by papanicolaou staining and transmission electron microscopy. Western blot and immunofluorescence were performed to detect the level and localization of related proteins. RESULTS: A novel homozygous frameshift insertion mutation c.545dupT;p.Ala183Serfs*10 in exon 8 of TSGA10 (NM_001349012.1) was identified. Our results showed misarranged mitochondrial sheath and abnormal flagellum in the patient's spermatozoa. TSGA10 failed to be detected in the patient's spermatozoa. However, the expression of SUN5 and PMFBP1 remained unaffected. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the novel homozygous frameshift insertion mutation of TSGA10 is a cause of acephalic spermatozoa.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 527(1): 98-103, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446398

RESUMO

Effective therapies for Methamphetamine (METH) induced stereotyped behavior are still being explored. It is unclear whether Neuropeptide S (NPS) is involved in the mechanism of METH-induced stereotyped behavior. In the contemporary behavioral study, pretreatment with NPS reduces stereotyped circling significantly, but didn't have any impact on the total incidence of stereotypy and stereotyped sniffing and biting induced by METH (10 mg/kg). When METH (10 mg/kg) was administered to rats, the level of NPS in the cerebrospinal fluid was not affected, but pretreatment with NPS reversed METH-induced glutamate release in the hippocampus and striatum. The findings suggest that NPS receptor system is likely to involve in the METH-overdose-induced behaviors.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 259: 112883, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315736

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Rhodiola has been used to treat cough, hemoptysis, fever, pain, bruise and other symptoms which are related to injury and inflammation over a thousand years in traditional Tibetan medicine. Salidroside (p-hydroxyphenethyl-ß-D-glucoside) is one of the most potent bioactive ingredients of the genus Rhodiola. AIM OF STUDY: The present study aimed to explore whether salidroside could alleviate the clinical symptom and sign in the early acute stage of osteoarthritis (OA) in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) rat model, and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Osteoarthritis (OA) was induced in rat knees by intra-articular injection of MIA; simultaneously salidroside was administered by intravenous injection. Pain behaviors were evaluated by knee-bend test, hind limb weight-bearing asymmetry and hind paw mechanical withdrawal threshold. The joint swelling was determined by the difference of knee joint diameter. Inflammatory exudates in synovial fluid were evaluated by leukocyte counting and protein content. Cytokines, chemokines, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) markers were determined by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and colorimetric assay in synovial fluid. Pro-inflammatory gene expressions in synovial tissue were detected by quantitative real time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) DNA binding assay and western blot were used to determine NF-κB activation and ROS marker protein expression in synovial tissue. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content in the cartilage was measured by dimethylmethylene blue method. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Safranin O-fast green and a modified Mankin grading system were used to evaluate the histology of articular cartilage. RESULTS: Salidroside could alleviate pain and joint swelling in the early acute stage of OA in rat model, reduced the number of leukocytes, total protein content, proinflammatory mediators and ROS/RNS markers in synovial fluid, down regulated the expression of proinflammatory genes in synovium, inhibited the activation of NF- κ B and oxidative stress response in synovium, promoted the synthesis of cartilage GAG, prevented the loss of proteoglycan and chondrocyte degeneration. CONCLUSIONS: Salidroside effectively alleviates acute symptom and sign of OA in rat model by its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant affects to inhibit synovial inflammation, which provides a new strategy to prevent the onset and progression of OA.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 392: 122497, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208314

RESUMO

In this paper, a series of Cu-based UZM-9 catalysts were prepared via modified aqueous ion exchange and the performance of acrylonitrile (AN) selective catalytic combustion (SCC) over these catalysts were investigated, and further characterized by Ar adsorption-desorption, ICP, XRD, H2-TPR and XPS. Among which, Cu-11.5 catalyst exhibited a complete AN conversion at 270 °C together with N2 selectivity higher than 98% during the whole temperature range when water was present. Meantime, the isolated Cu2+ was the main active sites, which could be reduced to Cu+ during -CN oxidation, then reoxidized to Cu2+ by O2. Besides, the mechanism of AN SCC over Cu-11.5 was systematically investigated by in situ DRIFTS, which revealed that both the temperature and H2O contents could influence the main N-containing intermediate and the reaction mechanism. In low and high temperature region, the reaction followed hydrolysis mechanism. Within medium temperature range, the reaction mechanism of AN oxidation was strongly associated with the water content. Oxidation was dominant at water-free condition, while oxidation and hydrolysis coexisted at relatively low water content (0.3%). When water content reached up to 0.9% or more, hydrolysis was the principal reaction. Finally, the hydrothermal stability of Cu-based UZM-9 catalysts were illustrated.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(4): 3431-3450, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084009

RESUMO

HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor 1) signaling played a vital role in HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) prognosis. We aimed to establish an accurate risk scoring system for HCC prognosis prediction and treatment guidance. 424 samples from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and 445 samples from GSE14520 dataset were included as the derivation and validation cohort, respectively. In the derivation cohort, prognostic relevant signatures were selected from sixteen HIF-1 related genes and LASSO regression was adopted for model construction. Tumor-infiltrating immune cells were calculated using CIBERSORT algorithm. HIF-1 signaling significantly increased in HCC samples compared with normal tissues. Scoring system based on SLC2A1, ENO1, LDHA and GAPDH exhibited a continuous predictive ability for OS (overall survival) in HCC patients. PCA and t-SNE analysis confirmed a reliable clustering ability of risk score in both cohorts. Patients were classified into high-risk and low-risk groups and the survival outcomes between the two groups showed significant differences. In the derivation cohort, Cox regression indicated the scoring system was an independent predictor for OS, which was validated in the validation cohort. Different infiltrating immune cells fraction and immune scores were also observed in different groups. Herein, a novel integrated scoring system was developed based on HIF-1 related genes, which would be conducive to the precise treatment of patients.

7.
J Control Release ; 319: 371-381, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926889

RESUMO

Prevalent deposition of plasma proteins on nano-surface alters the synthetic identity of liposomes in blood circulation. The key plasma protein(s) that can dominate in vivo fate of liposomes are of central importance for preclinical design and precise medication of liposome-based therapeutics. Herein, natural IgM, but not IgG, is identified to ubiquitously absorb on liposomal surface and takes the lead in complement activation of different species. The absorbed natural IgM, which negatively correlates with the in vivo performance of liposomes, becomes a potential indicator to guide the de novo design and optimization of liposomes. More importantly, the varying natural IgM levels in cancer patients may be one of the causal factors for clinical differences in response to liposome-based therapeutics. Clinical monitoring of the natural IgM level and its binding with liposomes becomes crucial to optimize the therapeutic regimen prior to the application of liposome-based therapeutics.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936453

RESUMO

Chinese windmill palms (Trachycarpus fortunei) are widely planted in karst bedrock outcrop areas in southwest China because of their high economic and ecological values. The aims of this study were to investigate the foraging ability of Chinese windmill palm seedlings planted in six different types of karst microhabitat and to identify the main environmental factors that influence root foraging ability. We planted three-year-old Chinese windmill palm seedlings in six typical karst microhabitats (i.e., rocky trough, rocky surface, rocky gully, rocky soil surface, rocky pit, and soil surface microhabitats). One year after transplanting, the seedlings were excavated to determine the morphological parameters values of new roots and the nutrient concentrations of new roots and leaves. The root foraging ability of Chinese windmill palm seedlings, defined as new root length and new root surface area, was significantly greater in the rocky trough, rocky soil surface, and soil surface microhabitats than in the rocky gully, rocky surface, and rocky pit microhabitats (p < 0.05). Redundancy analysis revealed that the main positive factor affecting the rooting ability of Chinese windmill palm seedlings was soil thickness. Chinese windmill palm seedlings improved their root absorption efficiency by increasing their root length and root surface area under soil nutrient deficiency conditions. The organic carbon, total nitrogen, and available potassium in soil positively influenced the concentration of N and K in roots. Total potassium in soil negatively influenced the biomass of new annual leaves and concentrations of N, P and K in new annual roots and leaves. Chinese windmill palm seedlings can be grown in the different karst microhabitats, especially in the rocky trough, rocky soil surface, and soil surface microhabitats, and, therefore, it is suitable for use in the regeneration of karst forests.

9.
Biotechnol Lett ; 42(4): 641-655, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In the plant transformation process, marker genes play a vital role in identifying transformed cells from non-transformed cells. However, once transgenic plants have been obtained, the presence of marker genes may provoke public concern about environmental or biosafety issues. In our previous study, a double T-DNA vector system has been developed to obtain marker-free transgenic plants, but the T-DNA left border (LB) and right border (RB) of the vector showed an RB-LB-RB-LB pattern and led to high linkage integration between the selectable marker gene (SMG) and the gene of interest (GOI). To improve this double T-DNA vector system, we inverted the first T-DNA direction such that a LB-RB-RB-LB pattern resulted to avoid transcriptional read-through at the LB and the subsequent linkage transfer of the SMG and GOI. RESULTS: We separately inserted the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene as the GOI and the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII) gene as the SMG in both optimized and original vectors and carried out Agrobacterium-mediated tobacco transformation. Statistical analysis revealed that the linkage frequency was 25.6% in T0 plants transformed with the optimized vector, which is a 42.1% decrease compared with that of the original vector (44.2%). The frequency of obtaining marker-free transgenic plants was 66.7% in T1 plants transformed with the optimized vector, showing a 33.4% increase compared with that of the original vector (50.0%). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that the optimized double T-DNA binary vector system is a more effective, economical and time-saving approach for obtaining marker-free transgenic plants.

10.
Theranostics ; 10(2): 498-515, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903134

RESUMO

Rationale: STING is a critical player in the innate and adaptive immune system, sensing cytosolic DNA to activate the expression of interferon genes and regulate T lymphocytes, which drives immunogenic responses to cancer cells. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), abundantly present in the tumor microenvironment, play a key role in cancer development. Gastric cancer is one of the most common and leading causes in cancer-related death worldwide. However, studies on the function and regulation of STING in TAMs and their roles in gastric cancer progression are still limited. Methods: We analyzed STING and CD68 expression of 200 pairs of gastric cancer and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemistry to identify the prognostic values of STING, as well as the correlations between STING and CD68 in gastric cancer. The characteristics of STING-altered macrophages, as well as their effects on cancer cell apoptosis and T cell differentiation were examined by flow cytometry. Cytokines secreted by STING-altered macrophages were identified by the Human Inflammation Array3 kit. Concentrations of soluble IL24 and IFN-ß were measured by ELISA. In vivo models, including spontaneous gastric cancer in p53+/- mice and cell line-based xenografts, were established, and clinical benefits of STING-altered macrophages were examined. Results: Our study identifies STING as a prognostic factor for gastric cancer, and for the first time demonstrated that knocking-down STING and STING activation by 2'3'-c-GAMP both promote TAMs polarizing into pro-inflammatory subtype and induce apoptosis of gastric cancer cells, mechanistically through IL6R-JAK-IL24 pathway. Conclusions : This study evaluated effects of targeting STING in TAMs in anti-gastric-cancer therapies. Moreover, we unveil a novel function of STING to activate the IL6R-JAK-IL24 pathway in macrophages.

11.
Clin Genet ; 97(2): 321-328, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654588

RESUMO

Acephalic spermatozoa, characterized by the headless sperm in the ejaculate, is a rare type of teratozoospermia. Here, we recruited two infertile patients with an acephalic spermatozoa phenotype to investigate the genetic pathology of acephalic spermatozoa. Whole-exome sequencing analysis was performed and found mutations in CEP112 in the two patients: homozygous mutation c.496C > T:p.(Arg166X) in exon 5 from P1; and the biallelic mutations c.2074C > T:p.(Arg692Trp) in exon 20 and c.2104C > T:p.(Arg702Cys) in exon 20 from P2. Sanger sequencing confirmed the CEP112 mutations in the two patients. In silico analysis revealed that these CEP112 mutations are deleterious and rare, and all the mutations impact the coiled-coil domain of CEP112, which may affect the protein function. The c.496C > T:p.Arg166X resulted in a truncated CEP112, which was verified by the mutation expression plasmid. The CEP112 expression was significantly reduced in the P2, suggesting the biallelic mutations c.2074C > T and c.2104C > T may affect the function and stability of CEP112. Therefore, we speculate that the loss-of-function mutations in CEP112 may be account for the human acephalic spermatozoa phenotype.

12.
Ann Hum Genet ; 84(3): 271-279, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF) is one kind of severe asthenozoospermia, which is caused by dysplastic development of sperm flagella. In our study, we sought to investigate the novel gene mutations leading to severe asthenozoospermia and MMAF. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The patient's spermatozoa were tested by Papanicolaou staining and transmission electron microscopy. Whole exome sequencing was performed on the patient with severe asthenozoospermia and MMAF. Sanger sequencing verified the mutations in the family. The expression of DNAH17 was detected by immunofluorescence and Western blot. RESULTS: Spermatozoa sample from the patient showed severe asthenozoospermia and MMAF. We detected biallelic mutations (c.C4445T, p.A1482V and c.C6857T, and p.S2286L) in DNAH17 (MIM:610063). The protein expression of DNAH17 was almost undetectable in spermatozoa from the patient with the biallelic mutations. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated that DNAH17 may be involved in severe asthenozoospermia and MMAF.

13.
Cell Rep ; 29(10): 2979-2989.e15, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801066

RESUMO

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a human-specific pathogen that evades the host immune response through the elaboration of multiple virulence factors. Although many of these factors have been studied, numerous proteins encoded by the GAS genome are of unknown function. Herein, we characterize a biomimetic red blood cell (RBC)-captured protein of unknown function-annotated subsequently as S protein-in GAS pathophysiology. S protein maintains the hydrophobic properties of GAS, and its absence reduces survival in human blood. S protein facilitates GAS coating with lysed RBCs to promote molecular mimicry, which increases virulence in vitro and in vivo. Proteomic profiling reveals that the removal of S protein from GAS alters cellular and extracellular protein landscapes and is accompanied by a decrease in the abundance of several key GAS virulence determinants. In vivo, the absence of S protein results in a striking attenuation of virulence and promotes a robust immune response and immunological memory.

14.
J Med Virol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately impacted by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis in China. Little is known about HIV and syphilis infections among MSM in Xi'an, a developing city in Northwest China. A cross-sectional study with recruitment via snowball sampling was conducted to collect HIV and syphilis infection status and risk factors among MSM in Xi'an between April 2013 to December 2016. Among the 5000 participants, the mean age was 29.0 years (SD 7.7) and the prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and coinfection was 6.5%, 2.2%, and 0.4%, respectively. There was no significant change in HIV prevalence from 2013 to 2016, while the prevalence of syphilis and coinfection showed a downward trend. Multiple logistic regression analyses found that being over 25 years old (OR = 1.647), junior high school/middle school education and below (OR = 3.085), with a sexual role of passive or versatile (OR = 3.300; OR = 2.337), rush poppers use during the last 6 months (OR = 1.660) and syphilis infection (OR = 2.235) were more likely to acquire HIV infection, whereas used condoms in the last episode of anal sex (OR = 0.572) and tested HIV antibody previously (OR = 0.252) were protective factors for HIV infection. HIV prevalence among MSM in Xi'an was stable, whereas the prevalence of syphilis and coinfection showed a downward trend. Interventions to promote HIV and sexually transmitted disease testing and condom use should be strengthened, especially for MSM with low education.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1071, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have investigated the clinicopathologic and prognostic relevance of mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC) and signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) compared with classic adenocarcinoma (CA), little is known about the prognosis of adenocarcinoma with mixed subtypes (AM) and the differences among these four subtypes. METHODS: The statistics of colorectal cancer registered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database were retrieved and analyzed. We also compared the clinicopathologic and prognostic relevance between CA, SRCC, MAC, and AM. RESULTS: The frequencies of these four subtypes were 69.9% (CA, n = 15,812), 25.1% (MAC, n = 5689), 3.6% (SRCC, n = 814) and 1.4% (AM, n = 321), respectively. All of MAC, SRCC, and AM were significantly related with aggressive features. Only SRCC and AM were identified as independent poor prognostic markers for overall survival by multivariate analysis. The aggressiveness of AM was between MAC and SRCC according to the clinicopathologic associations. The prognosis of AM was significantly worse than MAC but comparable with SRCC. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the clinicopathologic relevance with aggressive features of MAC and SRCC, as well as poor prognostic relevance of SRCC by analyzing a large study population data set. Furthermore, we identified AM as a rare but aggressive histologic subtype in colorectal cancer, to which particular attention should be given in clinical practice.

16.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; 65(6): 465-473, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502483

RESUMO

Owing to less than 1% of motile spermatozoa in the ejaculated semen, severe asthenozoospermia is a serious threat to the male reproductive health. Herein, we identified a novel homozygous variant in CCDC9 (NC_000019.9: g.47763960C>T, NM_015603.3, NP_056418.1: p. Ser109Leu) in a patient from a consanguineous family. The variant was highly pathogenic and was predicted to be a candidate gene for asthenozoospermia through in silico analysis. The CCDC9 protein levels were significantly low and its morphology and ultrastructure were severely damaged in the spermatozoa containing the novel variant. Therefore, CCDC9 may be a novel pathogenic gene associated with severe asthenozoospermia.Abbreviations: CCDC9: coiled-coil domain containing 9; AZS: asthenozoospermia; MP: midpiece; MS: mitochondrial sheath; ODF: outer dense fiber; CP: central pair; DMT: doublet microtubule; IDA: inner dynein arm; ODA: outer dynein arm.

17.
Life Sci ; 234: 116742, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401315

RESUMO

AIMS: The M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) is a G protein-coupled receptor that is expressed in cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Previous studies demonstrated that M3R antagonists reduce the proliferation of NSCLC. However, how antagonists inhibit the NSCLC proliferation and migration is still little known. This study aims to investigate the mechanism of M3R involved in the growth of NSCLC. MAIN METHODS: The CRISPR/Cas9 was used to knock out (KO) the M3R gene. A real-time cell analyzer (RTCA) was used to record the proliferation of NSCLC cells. The migration and cell cycle of NSCLC cells were evaluated with scratch test and flow cytometry (FCM), respectively. Antibody microarray analysis was performed to detect the expression of proteins after antagonizing M3R and knocking out of M3R, subsequently some of these important proteins were verified by western blot. KEY FINDINGS: The proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells were inhibited by M3R antagonist R2-8018 and knocking out of M3R. Antagonism or knocking out of M3R reduced the phosphorylation of EGFR. Moreover, c-Src and ß-arrestin-1 are involved in the mechanism of how the inhibition of M3R affects EGFR in NSCLC. Further study demonstrated that PI3K/AKT and MEK/ERK signal pathways are involved in M3R-induced EGFR transactivation in NSCLC, and the molecules involved in the cell cycle progression and migration of NSCLC cells were identified. SIGNIFICANCE: This further understanding of the relationship between M3R and NSCLC facilitates the design of therapeutic strategy with M3R antagonist as an adjuvant drug for NSCLC treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor Muscarínico M3/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor Muscarínico M3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(4): 575-580, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440754

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of salidroside (Sal) on inflammatory activation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the co-culture of rat alveolar macrophages (AM) NR 8383 and type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) RLE-6TN. CCK-8 colorimetric method was used to detect cell proliferation percentage. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the content of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the supernatant. Western blot was used to examine the expression levels of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) and total AKT protein. The results showed that pretreatment of RLE-6TN cells or co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells with 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal for 1 h, followed by continuous culture for 24 h, significantly increased the cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal pretreatment significantly increased the ratio of p-AKT/AKT in RLE-6TN cells (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of 32 µg/mL Sal not only inhibited the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05), but also enhanced the inhibitory effect of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells co-culture on the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05). In addition, 32 µg/mL Sal pretreatment promoted LPS-induced IL-10 secretion by NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05), and enhanced the promoting effect of co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells on the IL-10 secretion by LPS-induced NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Sal may directly inhibit LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM (NR 8383), promote the proliferation of AEC II (RLE-6TN) through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and enhance the regulatory effect of AEC II on LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocina CXCL2/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 133, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal symphalangism (SYM1; OMIM 185800), also called Cushing's symphalangism, is an infrequent autosomal dominant disease. An SYM1 patient typically features variable fusion of proximal interphalangeal joints in the hands and feet. METHODS: We recruited a four-generation Chinese non-consanguineous family with SYM1. We examined their hands and feet using X-rays to confirm fusion of proximal interphalangeal joints. We evaluated their audiology using standard audiometric procedures and equipment. Then, we identified genetic variants using whole exome sequencing and validated mutations using Sanger sequencing. Mutation pathogenicity was analyzed with bioinformatics. RESULTS: Radiographs revealed proximal-joint fusion of fingers and toes in the patients. Two elderly individuals (II:1 and II:4) exhibited slight hearing loss. Additionally, we detected a novel heterozygous missense mutation in exon 1 of NOG (NM_005450) c.124C > T, p.(Pro42Ser) in all patients. This c.124C > T mutation is highly conserved across multiple species and the p.(Pro42Ser) variation is potentially highly pathogenic. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that heterozygous c.124C > T, p.(Pro42Ser) in NOG is a novel mutation that causes human SYM1 phenotype.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Articulações dos Dedos/anormalidades , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Artropatias/congênito , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Éxons , Articulações dos Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulações dos Dedos/fisiopatologia , Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda Auditiva/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Artropatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artropatias/genética , Artropatias/fisiopatologia , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise de Sequência de Proteína , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
20.
Oncol Lett ; 18(2): 1607-1616, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423228

RESUMO

Chemotherapy resistance is a major obstacle to the effective treatment of patients with gastric cancer (GC). Mounting evidence has indicated that the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms underlying miRNA-mediated chemoresistance in GC cells remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to identify functional miRNAs that may regulate the sensitivity of human GC cells to cisplatin (DDP) treatment. miRNA microarray analysis was used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs between the human cisplatin-sensitive GC cell line SGC7901 and the corresponding cisplatin-resistant cell line SGC7901/DDP. miRNA (miR)-362-5p, which is associated with numerous types of tumors, was identified to be downregulated in the SGC7901/DDP cell line. However, the biological role of miR-362-5p in SGC7901/DDP cells remains to be explored. The expression level of miR-362-5p was demonstrated to be reduced in SGC7901/DDP cells compared with SGC7901 cells by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Upregulation of miR-362-5p significantly increased cisplatin sensitivity and cisplatin-induced apoptosis, whereas downregulation of miR-362-5p attenuated these effects. Databases predicted that suppressor of zeste 12 protein (SUZ12) may function as a target of miR-362-5p. In addition, the mRNA and protein expression levels of SUZ12 in SGC7901/DDP cells were significantly higher compared with SGC7901 cells and negatively associated with miR-362-5p expression. MTT and western blot analysis assays confirmed that knockdown of SUZ12 enhanced cisplatin sensitivity and decreased NF-κB/p65 protein levels in SGC7901/DDP cells. In addition, upregulation of miR-362-5p in SGC7901/DDP cells decreased the protein expression level of SUZ12, whereas downregulation of miR-362-5p increased the SUZ12 expression level. The results of the present study suggested that dysregulated miR-362-5p may target SUZ12 to promote the development of cisplatin resistance and attenuate cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Therefore, miR-362-5p upregulation combined with cisplatin treatment may serve as a promising therapeutic strategy for patients with cisplatin-resistant GC.

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