Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Clin Anesth ; 61: 109632, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common complication after surgery. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the association between preoperative anticholinergic load calculated using the anticholinergic drug scale (ADS) and POD in cancer patients over 65 years of age. DESIGN: A retrospective sub-investigation of a randomised controlled interventional trial. SETTING: Two tertiary university hospitals. PATIENTS: Overall, patients aged 65 years and older scheduled for surgical treatment of gastrointestinary, genitourinary or gynaecological cancers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the interaction between anticholinergic drug scale and occurrence of postoperative delirium. Patient clinical parameters and ADS scores were assessed preoperatively. POD screening was conducted for a total of 7 days following surgery using validated measures. Independent associations between ADS and POD were assessed using multivariate logistical regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 651 patients (mean age, 71.8 years; 68.5% males) were included. Of those, 66 patients (10.1%) developed POD. The ADS score was independently associated with the occurrence of POD (higher ADS per point OR 1.496; 95% CI 1.09-2.05; p = 0.01). Additionally, age (per year OR 1.06; CI 95% CI 1.01-1.11; p = 0.03) and ASA state (OR 2.16; 95% CI 1.22-3.83; p = 0.01), as well as stay on ICU (yes vs. no OR 2.8; 95% CI 1.57-4.998; p < 0.01), were independently associated with POD. CONCLUSIONS: ADS assessment according to chronic medication use is a cost-effective, non-invasive method of identifying elderly cancer patients at risk for POD. TRIAL REGISTRY: www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier NCT01278537. Ethics: IRB of Charité University-Medicine Berlin, Germany; EA2/241/08.

2.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 64(4): 494-500, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a severe brain dysfunction. Although data indicate a high relevance, no survey has investigated the routine practice to monitor delirium outside the ICU setting after surgery. Prior to publishing of the new European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) guidelines on POD, an international survey was conducted to assess current practice. METHODS: European Society of Anaesthesiology-endorsed online survey; Trial Registration: NCT-identifier: 02513537. RESULTS: In total, 566 respondents from 62 countries accessed, and 564 (99.6%) completed the survey (completion rate). Overall, 385 (68%) of the respondents reported that delirium is either "very relevant" or "relevant" for their daily clinical practice. In all, 38 (7%) of the respondents routinely monitor for delirium in >50% of all patients. Asked on the monitoring time point, more than half (n = 308, 55%) indicated to screen before or at recovery room discharge, 235 (42%) up to the first postoperative day, 143 (25%) up to 3 days, and 77 (14%) up to 5 postoperative days. Although there is a lack of long-term monitoring, nearly all respondents (n = 530, 94%) reported to treat delirium. Availability of EEG/EMG-based monitoring to assess the depth of anaesthesia was high in the study group (n = 547, 97%) and was used by more than one-third of the respondents to reduce risk of burst suppression (n = 189, 34%). CONCLUSION: Although delirium is perceived as a relevant condition among anaesthesiologists, there is a high demand for implementing monitoring strategies after publishing of the POD Guideline. The survey shows that tools necessary for POD Guideline implementation are available in the centres represented by the respondents.

3.
Semin Respir Crit Care Med ; 40(5): 673-686, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826268

RESUMO

Delirium, the most common form of acute brain dysfunction affecting up to 80% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients, has been shown to predict long-term cognitive impairment, one of the domains in "Post-ICU Syndrome" (PICS). The ICU environment affects several potentially modifiable risk factors for delirium, such as disorientation and disruption, of the sleep-wake cycle. Innovative solutions aim to transform standard concepts of ICU room design to limit potential stressors, and utilizing the patient care space as a treatment tool, exerting positive, therapeutic effects. The main areas affected by most architectural and interior design modifications are sound environment, light control, floor planning, and room arrangement. Implementation of corresponding solutions is challenging considering the significant medical and technical demands of ICUs. This article discusses innovative concepts and promising approaches in ICU design that may be used to prevent stress and to support the healing process of patients, potentially limiting the impact of delirium and PICS.

4.
Intensive Care Med ; 45(7): 1002-1005, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949715

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diversity has become a key-strategic element of success in various political and economic fields. The European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) decided to make diversity a key strategic priority for the future and appointed a Task-Force on this topic. METHODS: In a consensus process, three Working-Groups, nominated by Task-Force members, developed statements on strategic future topics. In addition, diversity-related data available from the membership database have been analyzed and reported in aggregated form. RESULTS: The Task-Force decided to nominate working groups on (1) "sex, gender identity and sexual orientation", (2) "ethnicity, culture and socio-economic status", and (3) "multiprofessionalism". These are the first prioritized topics for the near future. The first diversity-report shows targetable items in all three domains. CONCLUSION: The diversity Task-Force defined actionable items for a one- and three-year plan that are especially aiming at the identification of potential gaps and an implementation of concrete projects for members of the ESICM.

5.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 34(4): 192-214, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28187050

RESUMO

The purpose of this guideline is to present evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postoperative delirium. The cornerstones of the guideline are the preoperative identification and handling of patients at risk, adequate intraoperative care, postoperative detection of delirium and management of delirious patients. The scope of this guideline is not to cover ICU delirium. Considering that many medical disciplines are involved in the treatment of surgical patients, a team-based approach should be implemented into daily practice. This guideline is aimed to promote knowledge and education in the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative setting not only among anaesthesiologists but also among all other healthcare professionals involved in the care of surgical patients.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/normas , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Anestesiologia/métodos , Consenso , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Crit Care ; 35: 168-73, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27481754

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although delirium monitoring is recommended in international guidelines, there is lacking evidence for improved outcome due to it. We hypothesized that adherence to routine delirium monitoring would improve clinical outcome in adult critically ill patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present the results of a prospective, noninterventional, observational cohort study that was conducted on 2 intensive care units (ICUs) of a tertiary care medical center between July and October 2007 (International Standard Registered Clinical Trial Record identifier: 76100795). We assessed delirium-monitoring and outcome parameters on a daily basis. Besides multivariate logistic and robust linear regression to analyze the relationship between delirium monitoring and outcome, we used the doubly robust augmented inverse probability weighting method for observational data to estimate effect sizes. RESULTS: Of 355 screened patients, we included 185 surgical ICU patients into our final analysis, of which 87 were mechanically ventilated. We found an independent association between delirium-monitoring adherence and in-hospital mortality for ventilated patients (odds ratio, 0.973; P= .041). Estimating the effect size, delirium monitoring indicated a reduction of 22% of in-hospital mortality if conducted 50% or more of ICU days per patient. The average ICU length of stay of 46 days was estimated to be reduced by 19 days (P= .031) if patients were sufficiently monitored. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest an improved outcome for mechanically ventilated patients being screened for delirium in clinical routine.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal/terapia , Delírio/diagnóstico , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Delírio/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Crit Care Med ; 44(11): 2060-2069, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27276343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate test validity of the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU, the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale, and the newly developed severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU; to prospectively assess covariates and their influence on test validity of the scores. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: PICU of a tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Critically ill patients 5 years old or older ventilated or nonventilated with an ICU length of stay of at least 24 hours. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patients were scored with the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU and the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale once daily for a maximum of 21 days. Validity was determined by comparing scoring results with the evaluations of the delirium experts who used the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th Edition, Text Revision, for delirium diagnosis. Sixty-four patients were enrolled and 214 assessments were conducted and included in data analysis. The first assessments within each patient revealed sensitivities of 69.2% for the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale, 76.9% for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU, and 84.9% for the severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU. Specificities were 98% for all scores. Considering repeated measurements, sensitivities decreased to 35.9% for the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale and to 52.3% for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU. The sensitivity of the severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU dropped to 71.8%, which was significantly higher compared to the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale (p = 0.0008). Receiver operator characteristic regression unveiled that sedation and mechanical ventilation had a significant negative effect on the validity of the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale and the severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU. Age and gender had a significant impact on the receiver operator characteristic curve of the severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU. CONCLUSIONS: The severity scale for the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU showed the best test validity when used in critically ill children of 5 years old or older. Nevertheless, validity of delirium screening itself depends on patient specific factors. These factors should be taken into consideration when choosing a delirium screening instrument.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Delírio/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Ger Med Sci ; 13: Doc19, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609286

RESUMO

In 2010, under the guidance of the DGAI (German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine) and DIVI (German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine), twelve German medical societies published the "Evidence- and Consensus-based Guidelines on the Management of Analgesia, Sedation and Delirium in Intensive Care". Since then, several new studies and publications have considerably increased the body of evidence, including the new recommendations from the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) in conjunction with Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) from 2013. For this update, a major restructuring and extension of the guidelines were needed in order to cover new aspects of treatment, such as sleep and anxiety management. The literature was systematically searched and evaluated using the criteria of the Oxford Center of Evidence Based Medicine. The body of evidence used to formulate these recommendations was reviewed and approved by representatives of 17 national societies. Three grades of recommendation were used as follows: Grade "A" (strong recommendation), Grade "B" (recommendation) and Grade "0" (open recommendation). The result is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, evidence and consensus-based set of level 3 guidelines. This publication was designed for all ICU professionals, and takes into account all critically ill patient populations. It represents a guide to symptom-oriented prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of delirium, anxiety, stress, and protocol-based analgesia, sedation, and sleep-management in intensive care medicine.


Assuntos
Analgesia/normas , Sedação Consciente/normas , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Sedação Profunda/normas , Delírio/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Sono , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Case Rep Crit Care ; 2014: 372740, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25374699

RESUMO

Recent evidence revealed that sedation is related to adverse outcomes including a higher mortality. Despite this fact, patients sometimes require deep sedation for a limited period of time to control, for example, intracranial hypertension. In particular in these cases, weaning from sedation is often challenging due to emerging agitation, stress, and delirium. The submitted research letter reports a rare case of severe and persisting agitation that was unresponsive to all available treatments. Ultimately, lormetazepam which has recently become available for intravenous use in Germany resolved the problem by stress-reduction and anxiolysis without leading to measurable sedation.

10.
PLoS One ; 9(11): e110935, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25398099

RESUMO

Analgesia, sedation and delirium management are important parts of intensive care treatment as they are relevant for patients' clinical and functional long-term outcome. Previous surveys showed that despite this fact implementation rates are still low. The primary aim of the prospective, observational multicenter study was to investigate the implementation rate of delirium monitoring among intensivists. Secondly, current practice concerning analgesia and sedation monitoring as well as treatment strategies for patients with delirium were assesed. In addition, this study compares perceived and actual practice regarding delirium, sedation and analgesia management. Data were obtained with a two-part, anonymous survey, containing general data from intensive care units in a first part and data referring to individual patients in a second part. Questionnaires from 101 hospitals (part 1) and 868 patients (part 2) were included in data analysis. Fifty-six percent of the intensive care units reported to monitor for delirium in clinical routine. Fourty-four percent reported the use of a validated delirium score. In this respect, the survey suggests an increasing use of delirium assessment tools compared to previous surveys. Nevertheless, part two of the survey revealed that in actual practice 73% of included patients were not monitored with a validated score. Furthermore, we observed a trend towards moderate or deep sedation which is contradicting to guideline-recommendations. Every fifth patient was suffering from pain. The implementation rate of adequate pain-assessment tools for mechanically ventilated and sedated patients was low (30%). In conclusion, further efforts are necessary to implement guideline recommendations into clinical practice. The study was registered (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01278524) and approved by the ethical committee.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Sedação Profunda , Delírio/terapia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Internacionalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA