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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(20): 2231-2242, 2021 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of right ventricular (RV)-pulmonary arterial (PA) coupling in patients with heart failure (HF) with severe secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) enrolled in the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial. BACKGROUND: RV contractile function and PA pressures influence outcomes in patients with SMR, but the impact of RV-PA coupling in patients randomized to transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) vs guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) is unknown. METHODS: RV-PA coupling was assessed by the ratio of RV free wall longitudinal strain derived from speckle-tracking echocardiography and noninvasively measured RV systolic pressure. Advanced RV-PA uncoupling was defined as RV free wall longitudinal strain/RV systolic pressure ≤0.5%/mm Hg. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization at 24-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 372 patients underwent speckle-tracking echocardiography, and 70.2% had advanced RV-PA uncoupling. By multivariable analysis, advanced RV-PA uncoupling was strongly associated with an increased risk for the primary 24-month endpoint of death or HF hospitalization (HR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.31-2.66; P = 0.0005). A similar association was present for all-cause mortality alone (HR: 2.57; 95% CI: 1.54-4.29; P = 0.0003). The impact of RV-PA uncoupling was consistent in patients randomized to TEER and GDMT alone. Compared with GDMT alone, the addition of TEER improved 2-year outcomes in patients with (48.0% vs 74.8%; HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.37-0.71) and those without (28.8% vs 47.8%; HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.27-0.97) advanced RV-PA uncoupling (Pinteraction = 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, advanced RV dysfunction assessed by RV-PA uncoupling was a powerful predictor of 2-year adverse outcomes in patients with HF and SMR. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [The COAPT Trial]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(14): 1594-1606, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association between Doppler velocity index (DVI) and 2-year outcomes for balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). BACKGROUND: DVI >0.35 is normal for a prosthetic valve, but recent studies suggest that DVI <0.50 is associated with poor outcomes following TAVR. METHODS: Patients with severe aortic stenosis enrolled in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve) 2 (intermediate surgical risk) or PARTNER 3 (low surgical risk) trial undergoing TAVR (n = 1,450) or SAVR (n = 1,303) were included. Patients were divided into 3 DVI groups on the basis of core laboratory-assessed discharge or 30-day echocardiograms: DVILOW (≤0.35), DVIINTERMEDIATE (>0.35 to ≤0.50), and DVIHIGH (>0.50). Two-year outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Following TAVR, there were no differences among the 3 DVI groups in composite outcomes of death, stroke, or rehospitalization or in any individual components of 2-year outcomes (P > 0.70 for all). Following SAVR, there was no difference among DVI groups in the composite outcome (P = 0.27), but there was a significant association with rehospitalization (P = 0.02). Restricted cubic-spline analysis for combined outcomes showed an increased risk with post-SAVR DVI ≤0.35 but no relationship post-TAVR. DVI ≤0.35 was associated with increased 2-year composite outcome for SAVR (HR: 1.81; 95% CI: 1.29-2.54; P < 0.001), with no adverse outcomes for TAVR (P = 0.86). CONCLUSIONS: In intermediate- and low-risk cohorts of the PARTNER trials, DVI ≤0.35 predicted worse 2-year outcomes following SAVR, driven primarily by rehospitalization, with no adverse outcomes associated with DVI following TAVR with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 valve.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
JACC Heart Fail ; 9(8): 559-567, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to determine whether diabetes influences the outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) in patients with heart failure (HF) and secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR). BACKGROUND: Diabetes is associated with worse outcomes in patients with HF. METHODS: The COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial randomized HF patients with 3+ or 4+ SMR to MitraClip plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) versus GDMT alone. Two-year outcomes were evaluated in patients with versus without diabetes. RESULTS: Of 614 patients, 229 (37.3%) had diabetes. Diabetic patients had higher 2-year rates of death than those without diabetes (40.8% vs 32.3%, respectively; adjusted P = 0.04) and tended to have higher rates of HF hospitalization (HFH) (HFH: 50.1% vs 43.0%, respectively; adjusted P = 0.07). TMVr reduced the 2-year rate of death consistently in patients with (30.3% vs 49.9%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.81) and without (27.0% vs 38.3%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.39-0.84) diabetes (Pinteraction = 0.72). TMVr also consistently reduced the 2-year rates of HFH in patients with (32.2% vs 54.8%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.28-0.58) and without (41.5% vs 59.0%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.54: 95% CI 0.35-0.82) diabetes (Pinteraction = 0.33). Greater movements in quality-of-life (QOL) and exercise capacity occurred with TMVr than with GDMT alone, regardless of diabetic status. CONCLUSIONS: Among HF patients with severe SMR in the COAPT trial, those with diabetes had a worse prognosis. Nonetheless, diabetic and nondiabetic patients had consistent reductions in the 2-year rates of death and HFH and improvements in QOL and functional capacity following TMVr treatment using the MitraClip than with maintenance on GDMT alone. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [COAPT]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(13): 1466-1477, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare incidence and impact of measured prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPMM) versus predicted PPM (PPMP) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: TAVR studies have used measured effective orifice area indexed (EOAi) to body surface area (BSA) to define PPM, but most SAVR series have used predicted EOAi. This difference may contribute to discrepancies in incidence and outcomes of PPM between series. METHODS: The study analyzed SAVR patients from the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2A trial and TAVR patients from the PARTNER 2 SAPIEN 3 Intermediate Risk registry. PPM was classified as moderate if EOAi ≤0.85 cm2/m2 (≤0.70 if obese: body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) and severe if EOAi ≤0.65 cm2/m2 (≤0.55 if obese). PPMM was determined by the core lab-measured EOAi on 30-day echocardiogram. PPMP was determined by 2 methods: 1) using normal EOA reference values previously reported for each valve model and size (PPMP1; n = 929 SAVR, 1,069 TAVR) indexed to BSA; and 2) using normal reference EOA predicted from aortic annulus size measured by computed tomography (PPMP2; n = 864 TAVR only) indexed to BSA. Primary endpoint was the composite of 5-year all-cause death and rehospitalization. RESULTS: The incidence of moderate and severe PPMP was much lower than PPMM in both SAVR (PPMP1: 28.4% and 1.2% vs. PPMM: 31.0% and 23.6%) and TAVR (PPMP1: 21.0% and 0.1% and PPMP2: 17.0% and 0% vs. PPMM: 27.9% and 5.7%). The incidence of severe PPMM and severe PPMP1 was lower in TAVR versus SAVR (P < 0.001). The presence of PPM by any method was associated with higher transprosthetic gradient. Severe PPMP1 was independently associated with events in SAVR after adjustment for sex and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (hazard ratio: 3.18;95% CI: 1.69-5.96; P < 0.001), whereas no association was observed between PPM by any method and outcomes in TAVR. CONCLUSIONS: EOAi measured by echocardiography results in a higher incidence of PPM following SAVR or TAVR than PPM based on predicted EOAi. Severe PPMP is rare (<1.5%), but is associated with increased all-cause death and rehospitalization after SAVR, whereas it is absent following TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Circulation ; 144(6): 426-437, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the randomized COAPT trial (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation), among 614 patients with heart failure with 3+ or 4+ secondary mitral regurgitation (MR), transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) with the MitraClip reduced MR, heart failure hospitalizations, and mortality and improved quality of life compared with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) alone. We aimed to examine the prognostic relationship between MR reduction and outcomes after TMVr and GDMT alone. METHODS: Outcomes in COAPT between 30 days and 2 years were examined on the basis of the severity of residual MR at 30 days. RESULTS: TMVr-treated patients had less severe residual MR at 30 days than GDMT-treated patients (0/1+, 2+, and 3+/4+: 72.9%, 19.9%, and 7.2% versus 8.2%, 26.1%, and 65.8%, respectively [P<0.0001]). The rate of composite death or heart failure hospitalizations between 30 days and 2 years was lower in patients with 30-day residual MR of 0/1+ and 2+ compared with patients with 30-day residual MR of 3+/4+ (37.7% versus 49.5% versus 72.2%, respectively [P<0.0001]). This relationship was consistent in the TMVr and GDMT arms (Pinteraction=0.92). The improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score from baseline to 30 days was maintained between 30 days and 2 years in patients with 30-day MR ≤2+ but deteriorated in those with 30-day MR 3+/4+ (-0.3±1.7 versus -9.4±4.6 [P=0.0008]) consistently in both groups (Pinteraction=0.95). CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, reduced MR at 30 days was associated with greater freedom from death or heart failure hospitalizations and improved quality of life through 2-year follow-up whether the MR reduction was achieved by TMVr or GDMT. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01626079.

6.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 34(9): 955-965, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a sensitive marker of LV function and may help identify patients with heart failure (HF) and secondary mitral regurgitation who would have a better prognosis and are more likely to benefit from edge-to-edge transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic utility of baseline LV GLS during 2-year follow-up of patients with HF with secondary mitral regurgitation enrolled in the Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation trial. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic HF with moderate to severe or severe secondary mitral regurgitation who remained symptomatic despite maximally tolerated guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) were randomized to transcatheter mitral valve repair plus GDMT or GDMT alone. Speckle-tracking-derived LV GLS from baseline echocardiograms was obtained in 565 patients and categorized in tertiles. Death and HF hospitalization at 2-year follow-up were the principal outcomes of interest. RESULTS: Patients with better baseline LV GLS had higher blood pressure, greater LV ejection fraction and stroke volume, lower levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, and smaller LV size. No significant difference in outcomes at 2-year follow-up were noted according to LV GLS. However, the rate of death or HF hospitalization between 10 and 24 months was lower in patients with better LV GLS (P = .03), with no differences before 10 months. There was no interaction between GLS tertile and treatment group with respect to 2-year clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline LV GLS did not predict death or HF hospitalization throughout 2-year follow-up, but it did predict outcomes after 10 months. The benefit of transcatheter mitral valve repair over GDMT alone was consistent in all subgroups irrespective of baseline LV GLS.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(8): 879-889, 2021 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate the association between mean mitral valve gradient (MVG) and clinical outcomes among patients who underwent MitraClip treatment for secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) in the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial. BACKGROUND: In the COAPT trial, patients with heart failure (HF) and severe SMR who remained symptomatic despite guideline-directed medical therapy had marked 2-year reductions in mortality and HF hospitalizations after treatment with MitraClip. METHODS: MitraClip-treated patients were divided into quartiles (Q) based on discharge echocardiographic MVG (n = 250). Endpoints including all-cause mortality, HF hospitalization, and health status measures at 2 years were compared between quartiles. RESULTS: Mean MVG after MitraClip was 2.1 ± 0.4 mm Hg, 3.0 ± 0.2 mm Hg, 4.2 ± 0.5 mm Hg, and 7.2 ± 2.0 mm Hg in Q1 (n = 63), Q2 (n = 61), Q3 (n = 62), and Q4 (n = 64), respectively. There was no difference across quartiles in the 2-year composite endpoint of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization (43.2%, 49.2%, 40.6%, and 40.9%, respectively; p = 0.80), nor in improvements in New York Heart Association functional class, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score, or 6-min walk time. Results were similar after adjustment for baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, post-procedure MR grade, and number of clips (all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization Q4 [44.6%] vs. Q1 to Q3 [40.3%]; adjusted hazard ratio: 1.23, 95% confidence interval: 0.60 to 2.51; p = 0.57). CONCLUSIONS: Among HF patients with severe SMR, higher MVGs on discharge did not adversely affect clinical outcomes following MitraClip. These findings suggest that in select patients with HF and SMR otherwise meeting the COAPT inclusion criteria, the benefits of MR reduction may outweigh the effects of mild-to-moderate mitral stenosis after MitraClip.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(4): e010300, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF), mitral regurgitation (MR), and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction have a complex interplay. We evaluated the role of AF in patients with heart failure and moderate-to-severe or severe secondary MR enrolled in the randomized COAPT trial (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation) and its impact on mechanisms and outcomes with the MitraClip. METHODS: Patients in the COAPT trial were stratified by the presence (n=327) or absence (n=287) of a history of AF and by assignment to treatment group. Clinical, echocardiographic, and outcome measures were assessed. The primary outcome was the composite rate of death or heart failure hospitalization at 24 months. RESULTS: Patients with history of AF were older and more often male. They had a higher LV ejection fraction, larger left atrial volumes and mitral valve orifice areas, smaller LV volumes, and similar MR severity. Patients with AF compared with those without a history of AF had a higher unadjusted (hazard ratio [HR], 1.32 [95% CI, 1.06­1.64], P=0.01) and adjusted (HR, 1.30 [1.03­1.64], P=0.03) 2-year rate of the primary outcome. Treatment with the MitraClip compared with guideline-directed medical therapy alone reduced death or heart failure hospitalization in both those with (HR, 0.61 [0.46­0.82]) and without (HR, 0.46 [0.33­0.66]) a history of AF (Pint=0.18). Treatment with the MitraClip was associated with a lower risk of stroke in patients with a history of AF (HR, 0.18 [0.04­0.86]) but not in those without a history of AF (HR, 1.64 [0.58­4.62]; Pint=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, patients with a history of AF had larger left atrial and mitral valve orifice areas with higher LV ejection fraction and smaller LV volumes, suggesting an atrial mechanism contribution to functional MR. Despite the worse prognosis of heart failure patients with a history of AF, MR reduction with the MitraClip still afforded substantial clinical benefits. Treatment with MitraClip was associated with a lower risk of stroke in patients with a history of AF. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01626079.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(6): 624-632, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599681

RESUMO

Importance: Artificial intelligence (AI) has been applied to analysis of medical imaging in recent years, but AI to guide the acquisition of ultrasonography images is a novel area of investigation. A novel deep-learning (DL) algorithm, trained on more than 5 million examples of the outcome of ultrasonographic probe movement on image quality, can provide real-time prescriptive guidance for novice operators to obtain limited diagnostic transthoracic echocardiographic images. Objective: To test whether novice users could obtain 10-view transthoracic echocardiographic studies of diagnostic quality using this DL-based software. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective, multicenter diagnostic study was conducted in 2 academic hospitals. A cohort of 8 nurses who had not previously conducted echocardiograms was recruited and trained with AI. Each nurse scanned 30 patients aged at least 18 years who were scheduled to undergo a clinically indicated echocardiogram at Northwestern Memorial Hospital or Minneapolis Heart Institute between March and May 2019. These scans were compared with those of sonographers using the same echocardiographic hardware but without AI guidance. Interventions: Each patient underwent paired limited echocardiograms: one from a nurse without prior echocardiography experience using the DL algorithm and the other from a sonographer without the DL algorithm. Five level 3-trained echocardiographers independently and blindly evaluated each acquisition. Main Outcomes and Measures: Four primary end points were sequentially assessed: qualitative judgement about left ventricular size and function, right ventricular size, and the presence of a pericardial effusion. Secondary end points included 6 other clinical parameters and comparison of scans by nurses vs sonographers. Results: A total of 240 patients (mean [SD] age, 61 [16] years old; 139 men [57.9%]; 79 [32.9%] with body mass indexes >30) completed the study. Eight nurses each scanned 30 patients using the DL algorithm, producing studies judged to be of diagnostic quality for left ventricular size, function, and pericardial effusion in 237 of 240 cases (98.8%) and right ventricular size in 222 of 240 cases (92.5%). For the secondary end points, nurse and sonographer scans were not significantly different for most parameters. Conclusions and Relevance: This DL algorithm allows novices without experience in ultrasonography to obtain diagnostic transthoracic echocardiographic studies for evaluation of left ventricular size and function, right ventricular size, and presence of a nontrivial pericardial effusion, expanding the reach of echocardiography to clinical settings in which immediate interrogation of anatomy and cardiac function is needed and settings with limited resources.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(8): 1029-1040, 2021 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial, transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) resulted in fewer heart failure hospitalizations (HFHs) and lower mortality at 24 months in patients with heart failure (HF) with mitral regurgitation (MR) secondary to left ventricular dysfunction compared with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) alone. OBJECTIVES: This study determined if these benefits persisted to 36 months and if control subjects who were allowed to cross over at 24 months derived similar benefit. METHODS: This study randomized 614 patients with HF with moderate-to-severe or severe secondary MR, who remained symptomatic despite maximally tolerated GDMT, to TMVr plus GDMT versus GDMT alone. The primary effectiveness endpoint was all HFHs through 24-month follow-up. Patients have now been followed for 36 months. RESULTS: The annualized rates of HFHs per patient-year were 35.5% with TMVr and 68.8% with GDMT alone (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.37 to 0.63; p < 0.001; number needed to treat (NNT) = 3.0; 95% CI: 2.4 to 4.0). Mortality occurred in 42.8% of the device group versus 55.5% of control group (HR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.85; p = 0.001; NNT = 7.9; 95% CI: 4.6 to 26.1). Patients who underwent TMVr also had sustained 3-year improvements in MR severity, quality-of-life measures, and functional capacity. Among 58 patients assigned to GDMT alone who crossed over and were treated with TMVr, the subsequent composite rate of mortality or HFH was reduced compared with those who continued on GDMT alone (adjusted HR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.78; p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with HF and moderate-to-severe or severe secondary MR who remained symptomatic despite GDMT, TMVr was safe, provided a durable reduction in MR, reduced the rate of HFH, and improved survival, quality of life, and functional capacity compared with GDMT alone through 36 months. Surviving patients who crossed over to device treatment had a prognosis comparable to those originally assigned to transcatheter therapy. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation [COAPT]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(4): 427-436, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533873

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) plus maximally tolerated guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) reduced heart failure (HF) hospitalizations (HFHs) and all-cause mortality (ACM) in symptomatic patients with HF and secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) compared with GDMT alone in the Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation (COAPT) trial but not in a similar trial, Multicenter Study of Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair MitraClip Device in Patients With Severe Secondary Mitral Regurgitation (MITRA-FR), possibly because the degree of SMR relative to the left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi) was substantially lower. Objective: To explore contributions of the degree of SMR using the effective regurgitation orifice area (EROA), regurgitant volume (RV), and LVEDVi to the benefit of TMVr in the COAPT trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: This post hoc secondary analysis of the COAPT randomized clinical trial performed December 27, 2012, to June 23, 2017, evaluated a subgroup of COAPT patients (group 1) with characteristics consistent with patients enrolled in MITRA-FR (n = 56) (HF with grade 3+ to 4+ SMR, left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%-50%, and New York Heart Association function class II-IV) compared with remaining (group 2) COAPT patients (n = 492) using the end point of ACM or HFH at 24 months, components of the primary end point, and quality of life (QOL) (per the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score) and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD). The same end points were evaluated in 6 subgroups of COAPT by combinations of EROA and LVEDVi and of RV relative to LVEDVi. Interventions: Interventions were TMVr plus GDMT vs GDMT alone. Results: A total of 548 participants (mean [SD] age, 71.9 [11.2] years; 351 [64%] male) were included. In group 1, no significant difference was found in the composite rate of ACM or HFH between TMVr plus GDMT vs GDMT alone at 24 months (27.8% vs 33.1%, P = .83) compared with a significant difference at 24 months (31.5% vs 50.2%, P < .001) in group 2. However, patients randomized to receive TMVr vs those treated with GDMT alone had significantly greater improvement in QOL at 12 months (mean [SD] Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire summary scores: group 1: 18.36 [5.38] vs 0.43 [4.00] points; P = .01; group 2: 16.54 [1.57] vs 5.78 [1.82] points; P < .001). Group 1 TMVr-randomized patients vs those treated with GDMT alone also had significantly greater improvement in 6MWD at 12 months (mean [SD] paired improvement: 39.0 [28.6] vs -48.0 [18.6] m; P = .02). Group 2 TMVr-randomized patients vs those treated with GDMT alone tended to have greater improvement in 6MWD at 12 months, but the difference did not reach statistical significance (mean [SD] paired improvement: 35.0 [7.7] vs 16.0 [9.1] m; P = .11). Conclusions and Relevance: A small subgroup of COAPT-resembling patients enrolled in MITRA-FR did not achieve improvement in ACM or HFH at 24 months but had a significant benefit on patient-centered outcomes (eg, QOL and 6MWD). Further subgroup analyses with 24-month follow-up suggest that the benefit of TMVr is not fully supported by the proportionate-disproportionate hypothesis. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01626079.

12.
EuroIntervention ; 17(4): e335-e342, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the COAPT trial, transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip plus maximally tolerated guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) improved clinical outcomes compared with GDMT alone in symptomatic patients with heart failure (HF) and 3+ or 4+ secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) due to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. AIMS: In this COAPT substudy, we sought to evaluate two-year outcomes in HF patients with reduced LV ejection fraction (HFrEF; LVEF ≤40%) versus preserved LVEF (HFpEF; LVEF >40%) and in those with severe (LVEF ≤30%) versus moderate (LVEF >30%) LV dysfunction. METHODS: The principal effectiveness outcome was the two-year rate of death from any cause or HF hospitalisations (HFH). Subgroup analysis with interaction testing was performed according to baseline LVEF; 472 patients (82.1%) had HFrEF (mean LVEF 28.0%±6.2%; range 12% to 40%) and 103 (17.9%) had HFpEF (mean LVEF 46.6%±4.9%; range 41% to 65%), while 292 (50.7%) had severely depressed LVEF (LVEF ≤30%; mean LVEF 23.9%±3.8%) and 283 (49.3%) had moderately depressed LVEF (LVEF >30%; mean LVEF 39.0%±6.8%). RESULTS: The two-year rate of death or HFH was 56.7% in patients with HFrEF and 53.4% with HFpEF (HR 1.16, 95% CI: 0.86-1.57, p=0.32). MitraClip reduced the two-year rate of death or HFH in patients with HFrEF (HR 0.50, 95% CI: 0.39-0.65) and HFpEF (HR 0.60, 95% CI: 0.35-1.05), pint=0.55. MitraClip was consistently effective in reducing the individual endpoints of mortality and HFH, improving MR severity, quality of life, and six-minute walk distance in patients with HFrEF, HFpEF, LVEF ≤30%, and LVEF >30%. CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, among patients with HF and 3+ or 4+ SMR who remained symptomatic despite maximally tolerated GDMT, the MitraClip was consistently effective in improving survival and health status in patients with severe and moderate LV dysfunction and those with preserved LVEF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(25): 2940-2951, 2020 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated if diastolic function could predict outcomes in patients with aortic stenosis. OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to assess the association between diastolic dysfunction (DD) and outcomes in patients with aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Baseline, 30-day, and 1- and 2-year transthoracic echocardiograms from the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2 SAPIEN 3 registry were analyzed by a consortium of core laboratories and divided into the American Society of Echocardiography DD groups. RESULTS: Among the 1,750 included, 682 (54.4%) had grade 1 DD, 352 (28.1%) had grade 2 DD, 168 (13.4%) had grade 3 DD, and 51 (4.1%) had indeterminate DD grade. Incremental baseline grades of DD were associated with an increase in combined 1- and 2-year cardiovascular (CV) death/rehospitalization (all p < 0.002) and all-cause death at 2 years (p = 0.01) but not at 1 year. Improvement in DD grade/grade 1 DD at 30 days post-TAVR was seen in 70.8% patients. Patients with improvement in ≥1 grade of DD/grade 1 DD had reduced 1-year CV death/rehospitalization (p < 0.001) and increased 2-year survival (p = 0.01). Baseline grade 3 DD was a predictor of 1-year CV death/rehospitalization (hazard ratio: 2.73; 95% confidence interval: 1.07 to 6.98; p = 0.04). Improvement in DD grade/grade 1 DD at 30 days was protective for 1-year CV death/rehospitalizations (hazard ratio: 0.39; 95% confidence interval: 0.19 to 0.83; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In the PARTNER 2 SAPIEN 3 registry, baseline DD was a predictor of up to 2 years clinical outcomes in patients who underwent TAVR. Improvement in DD grade at 30 days was associated with improvement in short-term clinical outcomes. (The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves II - PARTNER II - PARTNERII - S3 Intermediate [PARTNERII S3i]; NCT03222128; PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves II - High Risk and Nested Registry 7 [PII S3HR/NR7]; NCT03222141).


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Canadá , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Estados Unidos
14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(22): 2595-2606, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension worsens prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) and secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether baseline pulmonary hypertension influences outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) in patients with HF with SMR. METHODS: In the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial, 614 patients with HF with moderate-to-severe or severe SMR were randomized to TMVr with the MitraClip plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) (n = 302) versus GDMT alone (n = 312). Baseline pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) estimated from echocardiography was categorized as substantially increased (≥50 mm Hg) versus not substantially increased (<50 mm Hg). RESULTS: Among 528 patients, 184 (82 TMVr, 102 GDMT) had PASP of ≥50 mm Hg (mean: 59.1 ± 8.8 mm Hg) and 344 (171 TMVr, 173 GDMT) had PASP of <50 mm Hg (mean: 36.3 ± 8.1 mm Hg). Patients with PASP of ≥50 mm Hg had higher 2-year rates of death or HF hospitalization (HFH) compared to those with PASP of <50 mm Hg (68.8% vs. 49.1%; adjusted hazard ratio: 1.52; 95% confidence interval: 1.17 to 1.97; p = 0.002). Rates of death or HFH were reduced by TMVr versus GDMT alone, irrespective of baseline PASP (pinteraction = 0.45). TMVr reduced PASP from baseline to 30 days to a greater than GDMT alone (adjusted least squares mean: -4.0 vs. -0.9 mm Hg; p = 0.006), a change that was associated with reduced risk of death or HFH between 30 days and 2 years (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.91 per -5 mm Hg PASP; 95% confidence interval: 0.86 to 0.96; p = 0.0009). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated PASP is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with HF with severe SMR. TMVr with the MitraClip reduced 30-day PASP and 2-year rates of death or HFH compared with GDMT alone, irrespective of PASP.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/patologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(20): 2317-2328, 2020 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of MitraClip implantation versus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) according to baseline functional status as assessed by the widely used New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification. BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) and impaired functional status at baseline have poor prognosis. Whether the effects of transcatheter repair of secondary SMR in patients with HF are influenced by baseline functional status is unknown. METHODS: In the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial, patients with HF with moderate to severe or severe SMR who remained symptomatic despite maximally tolerated GDMT were randomized to MitraClip implantation versus GDMT alone. Outcomes were evaluated according to baseline functional status as assessed using the NYHA functional classification. The primary endpoint of interest was the rate of death or HF-related hospitalization (HFH) at 2 years in time-to-first-event analyses. RESULTS: Among 613 randomized patients, 240 were in NYHA functional class II (39.2%), 322 were in NYHA functional class III (52.5%), and 51 were in ambulatory NYHA functional class IV (8.3%). Rates of death or HFH were progressively higher with increasing NYHA functional class. Compared with GDMT alone, MitraClip implantation resulted in lower 2-year rates of death or HFH consistently in patients in NYHA functional class II (39.7% vs. 63.7%; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.37 to 0.77), NYHA functional class III (46.6% vs. 65.5%; HR: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.82), and NYHA functional class IV (66.7% vs. 85.2%; HR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.28 to 1.10; pinteraction = 0.86). Greater improvements in quality of life at 2 years were observed in patients treated with the MitraClip compared with GDMT irrespective of baseline functional status. CONCLUSIONS: The NYHA functional classification provides prognostic utility in patients with HF and moderate to severe or severe SMR. In the COAPT trial, the benefits of MitraClip implantation were consistent in patients with better or worse functional status as assessed by NYHA functional class. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [The COAPT Trial] [COAPT]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(16): 1830-1843, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether transcatheter valves will have similar durability as surgical bioprosthetic valves. Definitions of structural valve deterioration (SVD), based on valve related reintervention or death, underestimate the incidence of SVD. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine and compare the 5-year incidence of SVD, using new standardized definitions based on echocardiographic follow-up of valve function, in intermediate-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis given transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2A trial and registry. METHODS: In the PARTNER 2A trial, patients were randomly assigned to receive either TAVR with the SAPIEN XT or SAVR, whereas in the SAPIEN 3 registry, patients were assigned to TAVR with the SAPIEN 3. The primary endpoint was the incidence of SVD, that is, the composite of SVD-related hemodynamic valve deterioration during echocardiographic follow-up and/or SVD-related bioprosthetic valve failure (BVF) at 5 years. RESULTS: Compared with SAVR, the SAPIEN-XT TAVR cohort had a significantly higher 5-year exposure adjusted incidence rates (per 100 patient-years) of SVD (1.61 ± 0.24% vs. 0.63 ± 0.16%), SVD-related BVF (0.58 ± 0.14% vs. 0.12 ± 0.07%), and all-cause (structural or nonstructural) BVF (0.81 ± 0.16% vs. 0.27 ± 0.10%) (p ≤ 0.01 for all). The 5-year rates of SVD (0.68 ± 0.18% vs. 0.60 ± 0.17%; p = 0.71), SVD-related BVF (0.29 ± 0.12% vs. 0.14 ± 0.08%; p = 0.25), and all-cause BVF (0.60 ± 0.15% vs. 0.32 ± 0.11%; p = 0.32) in SAPIEN 3 TAVR were not significantly different to a propensity score matched SAVR cohort. The 5-year rates of SVD and SVD-related BVF were significantly lower in SAPIEN 3 versus SAPIEN XT TAVR matched cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with SAVR, the second-generation SAPIEN XT balloon-expandable valve has a higher 5-year rate of SVD, whereas the third-generation SAPIEN 3 has a rate of SVD that was not different from SAVR. (The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves - PII A [PARTNERII A]; NCT01314313; The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves II - PARTNER II - PARTNERII - S3 Intermediate [PARTNERII S3i]; NCT03222128).


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Falha de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bioprótese/tendências , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Falha de Prótese/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências
17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(11): 1305-1314, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) may affect prognosis in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the impact of TR on outcomes in patients with heart failure and severe secondary MR randomized to guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) or edge-to-edge repair with the MitraClip in the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial. METHODS: A total of 614 patients with symptomatic heart failure with moderate to severe (3+) or severe (4+) secondary MR were randomized to maximally tolerated GDMT plus MitraClip or GDMT alone; 599 had core laboratory evaluable echocardiograms. Patients were divided into 2 groups by baseline TR severity: none/trace/mild TR (≤Mild TR) (n = 501 [83.6%]) and moderate/severe TR (≥Mod TR) (n = 98 [16.4%]). Two-year composite endpoints of death or heart failure hospitalization (HFH) and the individual endpoints were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with ≥Mod TR were more likely to be New York Heart Association functional class III/IV (p < 0.0001) and have a Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of ≥8 (p < 0.0001), anemia (p = 0.02), chronic kidney disease (p = 0.003), and higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (p = 0.02) than those with ≤Mild TR. Patients with ≥Mod TR had more severe MR (p = 0.0005) despite smaller left ventricular volumes (p = 0.005) and higher right ventricular systolic pressure (p < 0.0001). At 2 years, the composite rate of death or HFH was higher in patients with ≥Mod TR compared with ≤Mild TR treated with GDMT alone (83.0% vs. 64.3%; hazard ratio: 1.74; 95% confidence interval: 1.24 to 2.45; p = 0.001) but not following MitraClip (48.2% vs. 44.0%; hazard ratio: 1.14; 95% confidence interval: 0.71 to 1.84; p = 0.59). Rates of death or HFH, as well as death and HFH alone, were reduced by MitraClip compared with GDMT, irrespective of baseline TR grade (pinteraction = 0.16, 0.29, and 0.21 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe secondary MR who also had ≥Mod TR had worse clinical and echocardiographic characteristics and worse clinical outcomes compared to those with ≤Mild TR. Within the COAPT trial, MitraClip improved outcomes in patients with and without ≥Mod TR severity compared with GDMT alone. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [COAPT]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia
18.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): e008792, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although aortic valve replacement is associated with a major benefit in high-gradient (HG) severe aortic stenosis (AS), the results in low-gradient (LG, mean gradient <40 mm Hg) AS are conflicting. LG severe AS may be subdivided in classical low-flow (left ventricular ejection fraction <50%) and LG (CLF-LG); paradoxical low-flow (left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% but stroke volume index <35 mL/m2) and LG; and normal-flow (left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% and stroke volume index ≥35 mL/m2) and LG. The primary objective is to determine in the PARTNER 2 trial (The Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) and registry the outcomes after aortic valve replacement of the 4 flow-gradient groups. METHODS: A total of 3511 patients from the PARTNER 2 Cohort A randomized trial (n=1910) and SAPIEN 3 registry (n=1601) were included. The flow-gradient pattern was determined at baseline transthoracic echocardiography and classified as follows: (1) HG; (2) CLF-LG; (3) paradoxical low-flow-LG; and (4) normal-flow-LG. The primary end point for this analysis was the composite of (1) death; (2) rehospitalization for heart failure symptoms and valve prosthesis complication; or (3) stroke. RESULTS: The distribution was HG, 2229 patients (63.5%); CLF-LG, 689 patients (19.6%); paradoxical low-flow-LG, 247 patients (7.0%); and normal-flow-LG, 346 patients (9.9%). The 2-year rate of primary end point was higher in CLF-LG (38.8%) versus HG: 31.8% (P=0.002) and normal-flow-LG: 32.1% (P=0.05) but was not statistically different from paradoxical low-flow-LG: 33.6% (P=0.18). There was no significant difference in the 2-year rates of clinical events between transcatheter aortic valve replacement versus surgical aortic valve replacement in the whole cohort and within each flow-gradient group. CONCLUSIONS: The LG AS pattern was highly prevalent (36.5%) in the PARTNER 2 trial and registry. CLF-LG was the most common pattern of LG AS and was associated with higher rates of death, rehospitalization, or stroke at 2 years compared with the HG group. Clinical outcomes were as good in the LG AS groups with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction compared with the HG group.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Hemodinâmica , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , América do Norte , Readmissão do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(11): 1329-1339, 2020 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the association between severity of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and outcomes out to 5 years. BACKGROUND: Prior studies assessing the association between baseline LVH and outcomes after surgical or TAVR for aortic stenosis (AS) have yielded conflicting results. METHODS: Patients with severe symptomatic AS at intermediate or high risk in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve) 1, 2, and S3 trials and registries who received TAVR and had baseline measurements for left ventricular mass index (LVMi) were analyzed. The presence and severity of LVH was determined by LVMi using American Society of Echocardiography sex-specific cutoffs. RESULTS: Among 4,280 patients, those with no (n = 1,325), mild (n = 777), moderate (n = 628), and severe (n = 1,550) LVH had 5-year rates of death of 32.8%, 37.3%, 37.2%, and 44.8%, respectively (p < 0.001), and 5-year rates of cardiovascular (CV) death or rehospitalization of 33.6%, 39.2%, 42.4%, and 49.2%, respectively (p < 0.001). After adjustment, severe LVH (compared with no LVH) was associated with increased all-cause death (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.16; 95% confidence interval: 1.00 to 1.34; p = 0.04) and CV death or rehospitalization (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.34; 95% confidence interval: 1.16 to 1.54; p < 0.001), but no increased hazard was observed for mild or moderate LVH. In spline analyses performed in males and females separately, there was a consistent linear association between increased LVMi and an increased adjusted hazard of CV mortality or rehospitalization. A similar relationship was observed for all-cause death in females, but not males. CONCLUSIONS: Severe baseline LVH is associated with higher 5-year death and rehospitalization rates after TAVR. These findings may have implications for the optimal timing of valve replacement and the potential role for medical therapy to slow or prevent LVH as AS progresses before valve replacement, but further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(19): 2446-2458, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Greater early left ventricular mass index (LVMi) regression is associated with fewer hospitalizations 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The association between LVMi regression and longer-term post-TAVR outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LVMi regression at 1-year post-TAVR and clinical outcomes between 1 and 5 years. METHODS: Among intermediate- and high-risk patients who received TAVR in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) I, II, and S3 trials or registries and were alive at 1 year, we included patients with baseline moderate or severe left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and paired measurements of LVMi at baseline and 1 year. The associations between LVMi regression (percent change between baseline and 1 year) and death or rehospitalization from 1 to 5 years were examined. RESULTS: Among 1,434 patients, LVMi was 146 g/m2 (interquartile range [IQR]: 133 to 168 g/m2) at baseline and decreased 14.5% (IQR: 4.2% to 26.1%) to 126 g/m2 (IQR: 106 to 148 g/m2) at 1 year. After adjustment, greater LVMi regression at 1 year was associated with lower all-cause death (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.95 per 10% decrease in LVMi; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.91 to 0.98; p = 0.004; aHR of the quartile with greatest vs. least LVMi regression: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.43 to 0.86; p = 0.005). Severe LVH at 1 year was observed in 39%, which was independently associated with increased all-cause death (aHR of severe LVH vs. no LVH: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.20 to 2.44; p = 0.003). Similar associations were found for rates of cardiovascular mortality and rehospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with moderate or severe LVH treated with TAVR who are alive at 1 year, greater LVMi regression at 1 year is associated with lower death and hospitalization rates to 5 years. These findings may have implications for the timing of valve replacement and the role of adjunctive medical therapy after TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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