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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Using data from the German Biologics JIA Registry (BIKER), long-term safety of biologics for systemic-onset JIA with regard to adverse events of special interest was assessed. METHODS: Safety assessments were based on adverse event reports after first dose through 90 days after last dose. Rates of adverse event, serious adverse event and 25 predefined adverse events of special interest were analysed. Incidence rates were compared for each biologic against all other biologics combined applying a mixed-effect Poisson model. RESULTS: Of 260 systemic-onset JIA patients in this analysis, 151 patients received etanercept, 109 tocilizumab, 71 anakinra and 51 canakinumab. Patients with etanercept had higher clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score 10 scores, active joint counts and steroid use at therapy start. Serious adverse events were reported with higher frequency in patients receiving canakinumab [20/100 patient years (PY)] and tocilizumab (21/100 PY). Cytopenia and hepatic events occurred with a higher frequency with tocilizumab and canakinumab. Medically important infections were seen more often in patients with IL-6 or IL-1 inhibition. Macrophage activation syndrome occurred in all cohorts with a higher frequency in patients with canakinumab (3.2/100 PY) and tocilizumab (2.5/100 PY) vs anakinra (0.83/100 PY) and etanercept (0.5/100 PY). After adjustment only an elevated risk for infections in anakinra-treated patients remained significant. Three definite malignancies were reported in patients ever exposed to biologics. Two deaths occurred in patients treated with etanercept. CONCLUSION: Surveillance of pharmacotherapy as provided by BIKER is an import approach especially for patients on long-term treatment. Overall, tolerance was acceptable. Differences between several biologics were noted and should be considered in daily patient care.

2.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 276, 2018 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) status of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and determine whether the 25(OH)D level is associated with disease activity and the course of JIA. METHODS: Patients ≤ 16 years of age with recently diagnosed JIA (< 12 months) were enrolled in the inception cohort of patients with newly diagnosed JIA (ICON), an ongoing prospective observational, controlled multicenter study started in 2010. Clinical and laboratory parameters were ascertained quarterly during the first year and half-yearly thereafter. Of the 954 enrolled patients, 360 patients with two blood samples taken during the first 2 years after inclusion and with follow up of 3 years were selected. The serum 25(OH)D levels were determined and compared with those of subjects from the general population after matching for age, sex, migration status and the month of blood-drawing. RESULTS: Nearly half of the patients had a deficient 25(OH)D level (< 20 ng/ml) in the first serum sample and a quarter had a deficient level in both samples. Disease activity and the risk of developing JIA-associated uveitis were inversely correlated with the 25(OH)D level (ß = - 0.20, 95% CI - 0.37; 0.03, hazard ratio 0.95, 95% CI 0.91; 0.99, respectively). CONCLUSION: In this study, 25(OH)D deficiency was common and associated with higher disease activity and risk of developing JIA-associated uveitis. Further studies are needed to substantiate these results and determine whether correcting 25(OH)D deficiency is beneficial in JIA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/sangue , Uveíte/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico
3.
J Rheumatol ; 45(8): 1173-1179, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29961686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate growth in patients with polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pcJIA) treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) for up to 2 years in a phase III trial. METHODS: Patients with pcJIA lasting at least 6 months and inadequate response to methotrexate received open-label TCZ intravenously every 4 weeks (randomly assigned to 8 or 10 mg/kg if they weighed < 30 kg; received 8 mg/kg if they weighed ≥ 30 kg) for 16 weeks. Patients with JIA American College of Rheumatology 30 response at Week 16 were randomly assigned to TCZ or placebo for 24 weeks, with an open-label extension through Week 104. Mean ± SD height velocity (cm/yr) and World Health Organization (WHO) height SD score (SDS) were measured in patients receiving ≥ 1 dose of TCZ who did not receive growth hormone and in patients whose baseline Tanner stage was ≤ 3. RESULTS: The study included 187 of 188 patients (99.5%) with mean WHO height SDS -0.5 ± 1.2, which was unrelated to age or disease duration (Spearman rank correlations r = 0.08 and r = -0.12, respectively). There were 123 patients at Tanner stage ≤ 3 at baseline, among whom 103 completed the study with 2 years of height SDS data. Mean height SDS increased from baseline to year 2 (+0.40, p < 0.0001). In 74 of 103 patients (72%), height SDS was greater than at baseline, and mean height velocity was 6.7 ± 2.0 cm/year. CONCLUSION: Among patients with pcJIA at Tanner stage ≤ 3 at baseline, 72% (74/103) had increased height SDS at the end of the study.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Estatura/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Juvenil/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 16(1): 40, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common inflammatory myopathy in childhood and a major cause of morbidity among children with pediatric rheumatic diseases. The management of JDM is very heterogeneous. The JDM working group of the Society for Pediatric Rheumatology (GKJR) aims to define consensus- and practice-based strategies in order to harmonize diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of JDM. METHODS: The JDM working group was established in 2015 consisting of 23 pediatric rheumatologists, pediatric neurologists and dermatologists with expertise in the management of JDM. Current practice patterns of management in JDM had previously been identified via an online survey among pediatric rheumatologists and neurologists. Using a consensus process consisting of online surveys and a face-to-face consensus conference statements were defined regarding the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of JDM. During the conference consensus was achieved via nominal group technique. Voting took place using an electronic audience response system, and at least 80% consensus was required for individual statements. RESULTS: Overall 10 individual statements were developed, finally reaching a consensus of 92 to 100% regarding (1) establishing a diagnosis, (2) case definitions for the application of the strategies (moderate and severe JDM), (3) initial diagnostic testing, (4) monitoring and documentation, (5) treatment targets within the context of a treat-to-target strategy, (6) supportive therapies, (7) explicit definition of a treat-to-target strategy, (8) various glucocorticoid regimens, including intermittent intravenous methylprednisolone pulse and high-dose oral glucocorticoid therapies with tapering, (9) initial glucocorticoid-sparing therapy and (10) management of refractory disease. CONCLUSION: Using a consensus process among JDM experts, statements regarding the management of JDM were defined. These statements and the strategies aid in the management of patients with moderate and severe JDM.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Áustria , Criança , Consenso , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Alemanha , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Pediatr ; 192: 196-203, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to characterize patients having both. STUDY DESIGN: Diabetes comorbidity was recorded in the National Pediatric Rheumatologic Database since 2012. Data from the North Rhine-Westphalian diabetes registry served as the reference population for the prevalence of diabetes in the general population. The National Pediatric Rheumatologic Database data were indirectly standardized for age and sex for comparison with the general population. The diabetes prevalence ratio was calculated using the Poisson regression model. RESULTS: The analysis included 12 269 patients with JIA. A total of 58 patients had comorbid T1D, and the diabetes prevalence was 0.5%. The mean age was 11.6 years at the time of documentation, and the mean disease duration was 4.2 years. Compared with the general population, the prevalence of diabetes in patients with JIA was significantly increased (prevalence ratio 1.76 [95% CI 1.34; 2.28], P < .001). The onset of diabetes in patients with JIA was earlier than that reported in the reference data. Sixty-three percent of patients developed T1D before JIA. On average, diabetes onset was 56 months before the onset of JIA. Patients who first developed JIA developed T1D on average 40 months later. The majority of patients had not received disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs before diabetes onset. CONCLUSIONS: T1D occurs more frequently in patients with JIA than in the general population. The likelihood of T1D occurrence appears to be slightly higher before JIA manifestation and without disease-modifying antirheumatic drug therapy after JIA onset.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão
6.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 256, 2017 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis JIA (sJIA), although dramatically improved, remains a challenge. Experience from clinical practice will be presented using data from the German Biologics register (BiKeR) for evaluation of efficacy and safety of treatment with etanercept (ETA), tocilizumab (TOC) and the interleukin-1 inhibitors anakinra and canakinumab (IL-1i) in sJIA. METHODS: Patients with sJIA documented in the BIKeR register, who were exposed to ETA, TOC or IL-1i were identified. Baseline demographics, clinical characteristics and disease activity parameters have been documented. Efficacy was determined using the JIA-American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response criteria and the Juvenile Disease Activity Score 10 (JADAS10). An intention-to-treat analysis was performed and patients who discontinued due to inefficacy or intolerance were analysed as non-responders. Safety assessments were based on adverse events (AEs) reports. RESULTS: Since 2000, 245 sJIA patients (50.3% male) exposed to biologic agents have been identified: 143 patients treated with ETA, 71 with TOC and 60 with IL-1i (anakinra 38, canakinumab 22). All patients received systemic steroids for pre-treatment but less frequently with TOC and IL-1i than with ETA for concomitant treatment. At baseline, the ETA cohort had fewer systemic disease manifestations but more active joints. The JIA-ACR 30/50/70/90 response over a period of 24 months was reached more often in the IL-1i and TOC cohort than with ETA. ETA/TOC/IL1i JADAS-remission (JADAS ≤1) was reached in 20%/37%/52%, minimal disease activity (JADAS ≤3.8 in 35%/61%/68% and ACR inactive disease in 24%/33%/56%). As compared to ETA, rates of AEs were significantly higher in the TOC cohort (risk ratio (RR) 5.3/patient-year; p < 0.0001) and serious AE were observed more frequently with TOC (RR 2.5; p < 0.5) and IL1i (2.9; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of patients gained significant response to treatment especially with TOC or IL-1is. After 6 months on treatment, JADAS remission was reached by up to half of patients while up to two thirds reached JADAS minimal disease activity. ETA has been used in the past but it is clearly less effective and its use in systemic JIA has markedly decreased in Germany.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/patologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 15(1): 78, 2017 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29116003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several effective pharmacologic treatment options for polyarticual juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have emerged but initial treatment is heterogeneous in Germany. Therefore, the German Society of Pediatric Rheumatolgy has established a commission to develop consensus "Protocols on classification, monitoring and therapy in children's rheumatology (PRO-KIND)" to harmonize diagnostic and treatment approaches for new-onset JIA in Germany. METHODS: A set of definitions for in- and exclusion, diagnostic workup, parameters for the evaluation of disease activity criteria, therapeutic options, medication dosing, monitoring recommendations, targets, definitions of a therapy failure and four therapeutic algorithms developed by a working group were agreed by web based survey to which all members of the GKJR have been invited. A final protocol with 4 consensus treatment plans (CTP) was agreed in a face-to-face consensus conferences employing modified nominal group technique. RESULTS: The initial 17 definitions and recommendations for new-onset polyarticular JIA agreed by the working group reached >80% agreement in a web survey in 68 German paediatric rheumatologist. Four CTPs were developed based on treatment strategies for the first 12 months of therapy, as well as definitions for clinical and laboratory monitoring. The CTPs include a step-up plan (nonbiologic Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug [DMARD] followed by a biologic), a combination plan (combination of nonbiologic and biologic after failure of initial DMARD), an intensive pulse corticosteroid scheme in parallel with a DMARD followed by combination therapy and a multiple corticosteroids joint injections strategy in a treat to target approach. Step up will be guided by a treat to target strategy to reach a JADAS-improvement at month 3, acceptable disease at month 6 or 9 and JADAS remission or at least JADAS minimal disease activity at month 12. CONCLUSION: Standardized baseline work-up, disease activity evaluation and a definition of a treat to target approach will result in better health outcomes for polyarticular JIA patients. Four CTPs were developed for new-onset polyarticular JIA, which coupled with data collection at defined intervals will be evaluated and improved to optimize management of polyarticular JIA. Harmonization of treatment will be the basis for future comparative effectiveness research.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Consenso , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Reumatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 18(1): 272, 2016 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27881144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment response, remission rates and compliance in patients with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyJIA) treated with adalimumab, etanercept, or tocilizumab were analyzed in clinical practice. METHODS: Data collected in the German BIKER registry were analyzed in patients with polyJIA who started treatment with approved biologics, adalimumab, etanercept or tocilizumab, from 2011 to 2015. Baseline patient characteristics, treatment response, safety and drug survival were compared. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-six patient started adalimumab, 419 etanercept and 74 tocilizumab, with differences in baseline patient characteristics. Baseline Juvenile Disease Activity Score (JADAS)10 (mean ± SD) in the adalimumab/etanercept/tocilizumab cohorts was 12.1+/-7.6, 13.8 ± 7.1 and 15.1 ± 7.4, respectively (adalimumab vs etanercept, p = 0.01), and Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ)-disability index scores was 0.43 ± 0.58, 0.59 ± 0.6 and 0.63 ± 0.55, respectively (adalimumab vs etanercept, p < 0.001). Uveitis history was more frequent in the adalimumab cohort (OR 5.73; p < 0.001). Balanced patients' samples were obtained by a generalized propensity score to adjust for baseline differences. Pediatric ACR30/50/70/90 criterion improvement after 3 months treatment was achieved by 68%/60%/42%/24% in the etanercept cohort, 67%/59%/43%/27% in the adalimumab cohort and 61%/52%/35%/26% in the tocilizumab cohort. At 24 months, JADAS minimal disease activity was achieved in 52.4%/61.3%/52.4% and JADAS remission in 27.9%/34.8%/27.9% patients in the adalimumab/etanercept/tocilizumab cohorts, respectively. Etanercept was used in 95.5% of patients as a first biologic, adalimumab in 50.8% and tocilizumab in 20.2%. There were no important differences in efficacy between first-line and second-line use of biologics. In total 60.4%/49.4%/31.1% patients discontinued adalimumab/etanercept/tocilizumab, respectively (HR for adalimumab 1.67; p < 0.001; HR for tocilizumab 0.35; p = 0.001). Drug survival rates did not differ significantly in patients on biologic monotherapy compared with combination therapy with methotrexate. Over 4 years observation under etanercept/adalimumab/tocilizumab, 996/386/103 adverse events, and 148/119/26 serious adverse events, respectively, were reported. CONCLUSIONS: In clinical practice, etanercept is most frequently used as first-line biologic. Adalimumab/etanercept/tocilizumab showed comparable efficacy toward polyJIA. Overall, tolerance was acceptable. Interestingly, compliance was highest with tocilizumab and lowest with adalimumab. This study provides the first indication for the comparison of different biologic agents in polyarticular JIA based on observational study data with all their weaknesses and demonstrates the need for well-controlled head-to-head studies for confirmation.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 66(9): 2590-600, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24909567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: B cells have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Current treatments include the disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs methotrexate (MTX) and tumor necrosis factor α inhibition with etanercept. This study was undertaken to determine how these drugs influence the B cell compartment in patients with JIA. METHODS: B cell subpopulations and follicular helper T (Tfh) cells in the peripheral blood of JIA patients were investigated by multicolor flow cytometry. Serum immunoglobulin and BAFF levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in transitional B cells and significantly lower serum immunoglobulin levels in patients receiving MTX than in untreated patients and those receiving etanercept. In contrast, etanercept treatment had no effect on most of the B cell subpopulations, but resulted in significantly lower BAFF levels and increased numbers of Tfh cells. Thus, our findings indicate an unexpected and previously unknown direct effect of low-dose MTX on B cells, whereas etanercept had a more indirect influence. CONCLUSION: Our results contribute to a better understanding of the potency of MTX in autoantibody-mediated autoimmune disease and present a possible mechanism of prevention of the development of drug-induced antibodies to biologic agents. The finding that MTX and etanercept affect the B cell compartment differently supports the notion that combination therapy with etanercept and MTX is more effective than monotherapy.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunoglobulina G/farmacologia , Metotrexato/farmacologia , Adolescente , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/imunologia , Criança , Etanercepte , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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