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1.
Ann Bot ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many angiosperms can secrete both floral (FN) and extrafloral (EFN) nectar. However, much remains unclear about how EFN and FN differ in secretion, composition and ecological function, especially when both FN and EFN are secreted on flowers of the same species. METHODS: Hemerocallis citrina flowers secrete both FN and EFN. FN and EFN traits including volume, presentation pattern and temporal rhythms of secretion, were compared by field observation. Sugar and amino acid contents were analysed using regular biochemical methods, whereas proteome was investigated by combined gel-based and gel-free approaches. FN and EFN animal feeders were investigated by field observation. H. citrina plants were exposed by soil drenching to two systemic insecticides, acetamiprid and imidacloprid, and the concentration of these in FN and EFN were measured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. KEY RESULTS: H. citrina FN was concentrated and sucrose-dominant, secreted in the mature flower tube, and served as a reward for pollinators. Conversely, EFN was hexose-rich, more dilute and less rich in sugar and amino acids. EFN was secreted on the outside of developing floral buds, and was likely to attract predatory animals for defence. EFN had less phenolics, but more pathogenesis-related components, such as chitinase and glucanase. Significantly different proteomic profile and enzymatic activities between FN and EFN suggest that they had different biosynthesis mechanisms. Both neonicotinoid insecticides examined became present in both nectar types soon after application, but in greater concentration within EFN. EFN also attracted a wider range of insect species than FN. CONCLUSIONS: H. citrina FN and EFN differed in production, composition and ecological function. The EFN pathway could be a significant way for neonicotinoids to enter the wild food chain, and must be considered when evaluating the risks to the environment of other systemic insecticides.

2.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(4): 267-274, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of dental anxiety on fluctuations in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during tooth extraction in hypertensive patients under local anaesthesia, and how they are influenced by various confounding variables. METHODS: This is a prospective repeated-measures cohort study involving 600 patients successively recruited from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China. BP and HR were repeatedly measured at rest (T0), before anaesthesia (T1), during tooth extraction (T2) and after tooth extraction (T3). Anxiety status was measured prior to local anaesthesia using a modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS). Three groups were assigned: mild anxiety (Corah DAS score of 4 to 8), moderate anxiety (score of 9 to 12) and severe anxiety (score of 13 to 20). We used a generalised linear mixed model (GLMM) to analyse the effects of dental anxiety on fluctuations in BP and HR. Interaction analysis was used to further explore the correlationship between these interactive factors. RESULTS: The mean anxiety scale score was 9.63 ± 2.88. Severe preoperative anxiety (score of 14 to 20) was associated with significantly increased HR during administration of anaesthesia. Patients with severe anxiety also displayed a significantly greater increase in HR during anaesthetic administration (P < 0.001). When analysing the joint effects of different anxiety statuses over time, blood pressure was significantly elevated in all patients with moderate and severe anxiety during tooth extraction at T2 (ß = 1.25, 95% CI 0.24 to 2.27). We also observed a significant decrease in HR in the moderate anxiety group at T3 (ß = -1.51, 95% CI -2.38 to -0.63) and a significant increase in HR in the severe anxiety group at T1, T2 and T3 (ß = 2.52, 95% CI 1.12 to 3.93; ß = 3.84, 95% CI 2.30 to 5.38; ß = 4.57, 95% CI 3.03 to 6.11, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the effects of dental anxiety on BP and HR in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension during local anaesthesia and tooth extraction were influenced by various confounding variables.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Hipertensão , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Extração Dentária
3.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038940

RESUMO

Two new cadinane-type sesquiterpenoid glycosides, dryopteristerpeneA (1) and dryopteristerpeneB (2), were isolated from the aqueous extract of Dryopterisfragrans. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations.Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited inhibition on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide induced RAW 264.7 macrophages with their IC50 values of 60.5 and 59.8 µM, respectively.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040863

RESUMO

Two novel meso-CF3 BODIPY-based fluorescent rotors have been rationally prepared and found to sensitively respond to viscosity in living cells with a fluorescence "turn-on" effect, attributed to the special restricted rotation of meso-CF3 group in viscous environments. Interestingly, a monostyryl probe with one cationic group exhibits good mitochondrial localization and AIE property.

5.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-36, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985411

RESUMO

HIV-1 latency posts a major obstacle for HIV-1 eradication. Currently, no desirable latency reversing agents (LRAs) has been implicated in the "Shock and Kill" strategy to mobilize the latently infected cells to be susceptible for clearance by immune responses. Identification of key cellular pathways that modulate HIV-1 latency helps develop efficient LRAs. In this study, we demonstrate that the Wnt downstream ß-catenin/TCF1 pathway is a crucial modulator for HIV-1 latency. The pharmacological activation of the ß-catenin/TCF1 pathway with glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) inhibitors promoted transcription of HIV-1 proviral DNA and reactivated latency in CD4+ T cells; the GSK3 kinase inhibitor 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (6-BIO)- induced HIV-1 reactivation was subsequently confirmed in resting CD4+ T cells from cART-suppressed patients and SIV-infected rhesus macaques. These findings advances our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for viral latency, and provides the potent LRA that can be further used in conjunction of immunotherapies to eradicate viral reservoirs.

6.
Stem Cell Res ; 59: 102652, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999419

RESUMO

The loss of function of the COL1A2 gene can result in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) types I, II, III, and IV and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (cardiac valvular and arthrochalasia type).To further investigate the significance of COL1A2 in osteogenesis imperfecta and cardiac valve disease, we created a homozygous COL1A2-/- human embryonic stem cell line (WAe009-A-72) using CRISPR/Cas9. In vivo, the WAe009-A-72 cell line retained typical colony form, a normal karyotype, and robustly expressed pluripotency markers while differentiating into all three germ layers. This cell line is a potential tool for investigating the role of the COL1A2 gene in associated disorders.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 817: 152950, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007606

RESUMO

Methane recovered from anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS) can be used as the energy supplement of the wastewater treatment plant, benefiting to its carbon-neutral operation. In order to enhance methane production, biochar (BC) has been widely selected as conductive material to build direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) in anaerobic digestion of WAS. However, the role and significance of washing strategies, including water and acid washing, on BCs for regulating methane production have not been reported. This study selected the frequently used woody- (W) and straw (S)-BCs as mode. Compared to raw W-BC, water and acid washing W-BC increased the methane yields by 19.1% and 15.7%, respectively. Differently, the methane yields among raw, water and acid washing S-BCs were similar. Mechanism study showed that both the two washing strategies optimized the properties of raw W-BC for promoting methane production. Water and acid washing W-BCs increased the electron transfer functional groups, such as ketones and quinones, which were not observed in S-BCs. Moreover, the electron-active microorganisms were enriched with the presence of water and acid washing W-BCs, and the predominant pathway for methane production shifted from hydrogentrophic to acetotrophic and DIET methanogenesis, while the microbial communities, including bacteria and archaea, were similar with the presence of raw, water and acid washing S-BCs. These findings of this work provide some new insights for production improvement regulation of methane from anaerobic digestion of wastes induced by BCs.

8.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 29, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acer truncatum (purpleblow maple) is a woody tree species that produces seeds with high levels of valuable fatty acids (especially nervonic acid). The species is admired as a landscape plant with high developmental prospects and scientific research value. The A. truncatum chloroplast genome has recently been reported; however, the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) is still unexplored. RESULTS: We characterized the A. truncatum mitogenome, which was assembled using reads from PacBio and Illumina sequencing platforms, performed a comparative analysis against different species of Acer. The circular mitogenome of A. truncatum has a length of 791,052 bp, with a base composition of 27.11% A, 27.21% T, 22.79% G, and 22.89% C. The A. truncatum mitogenome contains 62 genes, including 35 protein-coding genes, 23 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. We also examined codon usage, sequence repeats, RNA editing and selective pressure in the A. truncatum mitogenome. To determine the evolutionary and taxonomic status of A. truncatum, we conducted a phylogenetic analysis based on the mitogenomes of A. truncatum and 25 other taxa. In addition, the gene migration from chloroplast and nuclear genomes to the mitogenome were analyzed. Finally, we developed a novel NAD1 intron indel marker for distinguishing several Acer species. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we assembled and annotated the mitogenome of A. truncatum, a woody oil-tree species producing nervonic acid. The results of our analyses provide comprehensive information on the A. truncatum mitogenome, which would facilitate evolutionary research and molecular barcoding in Acer.

9.
Langmuir ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042330

RESUMO

As a metal-free photocatalyst, graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) shows great potential for photocatalytic water splitting, although its performance is significantly limited by structural defects due to incomplete polymerization. In the present work, we successfully synthesize highly conjugated g-CN nanofoam through an iodide substitution technique. The product possesses a high polymerization degree, low defect density, and large specific surface area; as a result, it achieves a hydrogen evolution rate of 9.06 mmol h-1 g-1 under visible light irradiation, with an apparent quantum efficiency (AQE) of 18.9% at 420 nm. Experimental analysis and theoretical calculations demonstrate that the recombination of photogenerated carriers at C-NHx defects was effectively depressed in the nanofoam, giving rise to the high photocatalytic activity.

10.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015247

RESUMO

Amblyopia resulting from early deprivation of vision or defocus in one eye reflects an imbalance of input from the eyes to the visual cortex. We tested the hypothesis that asynchronous stimulation of the two eyes might induce synaptic plasticity and rebalance input. Experiments on normal adults showed that repetitive brief exposure of grating stimuli, with the onset of each stimulus delayed by 8.3 ms in one eye, results in a shift in perceptual eye dominance. Clinical studies (Clinical trial registration number: ChiCTR2100049130), using popular 3D movies with similar asynchrony between the two eyes (amblyopic eye stimulated first) to treat anisometropic amblyopia, established that just 10.5 h of conditioning over <3 weeks produced improvement that met criteria for successful treatment. The benefits of asynchronous conditioning accumulate over 20-30 45 min sessions, and are maintained for at least 2 years. Finally, we demonstrate that asynchronous binocular treatment alone is more effective than patching only. This novel treatment is popular with children and is some 50 times more efficient than patching alone.

11.
J Dent Sci ; 17(1): 264-275, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028047

RESUMO

Background/purpose: CD24 is a specific cell surface marker for undifferentiated dental stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) seen only during root development, before the tooth emerges through gum. But the comprehensive role of CD24 in the SCAPs is unclear. This study aims to clarify the exact roles of CD24 in SCAPs. Materials and methods: SCAPs were divided into CD24 (+)-SCAPs (high percentage CD24) and CD24 (-)-SCAPs (low percentage CD24) via flow cytometry. The proliferation, migration and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation of the two groups were detected, RT-PCR was performed to detect the expression of osteogenic/adipogenic related genes and thegene expression were analyzed. Results: The proliferative and migratory ability of CD24 (-)-SCAPs were significantly stronger than that of CD24 (+)-SCAPs. Although, the mineralization process and the osteogenic genes expression were not significantly difference in the two groups. Both CD24 (+)-SCAPs and CD24 (-)-SCAPs differentiated into adipocytes. The adipogenic differentiation in CD24 (+)-SCAPs was better than that in CD24 (-)-SCAPs, after 3 weeks of adipogenic induction. However, the expression of adipogenic related gene, PPAR γ2 mRNA in CD24 (+)-SCAPs was lower than that in CD24 (-)-SCAPs after 1 week of adipogenic induction. But the trend changed for the opposite after 3 weeks. Conclusion: The study proposes that CD24 has a regulatory effect on the adipogenic differentiation of SCAPs, and this may be attained by targeting the PPAR γ2 mRNA. Concurrently, it was found that CD24 plays an inhibitory role in the proliferation and migration of SCAPs, which may minimize the manifestation of diseases caused by an abnormal cell growth.

12.
Neuropharmacology ; 206: 108939, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34986414

RESUMO

Methotrexate (MTX) is widely employed for children with cancer, but is also associated with persistent cognitive deficits among survivors. The present study investigated the mechanisms behind long-term cognitive dysfunction after juvenile animals are treated with MTX. Male and female Long-Evans rats were treated with a combination of 6 systemic doses (0.5 mg/kg/dose intraperitoneally) and 4 intrathecal doses (1 mg/kg) beginning at post-natal age 3 weeks, a schedule designed to mimic repeated exposure given to children with leukemia. Behavioral testing was conducted at 60-61 weeks of age, followed by analysis of brain histolopathology. This MTX regimen had no acute toxicity and no effect on growth. The spatial memory and visual memory deficits observed at 13 and 17 weeks of age persisted 1 year after MTX exposure in both females and males. Significantly decreased cell proliferation and increased hippocampal microglial activation were observed in MTX-treated females when compared to the controls, with a similar trend in the male groups. In addition, MTX treatment significantly increased the number of TUNEL positive cells in the periventricular area. Our study demonstrates that a clinically relevant regimen of systemic and intrathecal MTX induces persistent deficits in cognition, lasting approximately 1 year after the last injection. The mechanisms behind MTX-induced deficits are likely multifactorial, including suppression of neurogenesis, microglial activation, and increased brain cell apoptosis. Our study suggests female and male animals differ in susceptibility to MTX-induced neurotoxicity and provides insights for developing therapeutic approaches to prevent treatment related cognitive impairment among children with ALL.

13.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; : 1-19, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023814

RESUMO

The current study aimed to clarify the relationships among loneliness, susceptibility to persuasion, self-control, and vulnerability to fraud among older adults. Especially, we wanted to investigate whether susceptibility to persuasion mediates the association between loneliness and vulnerability to fraud, and whether self-control moderates the relationship in this process. A moderated mediation model was examined with 252 Chinese older adults (Mage = 67.94, SD = 6.27) who completed questionnaires regarding loneliness, susceptibility to persuasion, self-control, and vulnerability to fraud. The results revealed that loneliness significantly predicted older adults' vulnerability to fraud and susceptibility to persuasion partially mediated this relationship. Moreover, this mediating effect was only significant for older adults with low self-control. These findings enrich our understanding of how loneliness affects older adults' vulnerability to fraud and provide practical guidance for establishing protections against fraud targeting older adults.

14.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989550

RESUMO

In challenging and dangerous equestrian sports, kinematic analysis and injury prevention based on distributed, portable, and real-time sensing technology is particularly important. Here, we report a flexible self-rebound cambered triboelectric nanogenerator that addresses the concerns and shows its applications for self-powered sensing in kinematic analysis. Benefiting from simple and effective design, ordinary materials by means of self-rebound cambered structure evolved into a micro-biomechanical energy harvester with mechanical properties including over 3000 cycles durability and superior resiliency and stability. At a size of 4.52 cm2, it could deliver a power density of 1.25 mW/m2 under an external load resistance of 60 MΩ. A self-powered riding characteristic sensing system has been developed with fast response time of 16 ms, to provide real-time statistics data and fall prediction for both horsemen and coaches, to take traditional equestrian sports to a advanced state. This work not only can promote the development of triboelectric nanogenerators in micro-biomechanical energy harvesting, but also could expand the application range of the self-powered system to intelligent sport monitoring and assisting.

15.
Oncogene ; 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974521

RESUMO

Though the great success of paclitaxel, the variable response of patients to the drug limits its clinical utility and the precise mechanisms underlying the variable response to paclitaxel remain largely unknown. This study aims to verify the role and the underlying mechanisms of CD147 in paclitaxel resistance. Immunostaining was used to analyze human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and ovarian cancer tissues. RNA-sequencing was used to identify downstream effectors. Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining were used to detect apoptosis. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) were performed to determine protein interactions. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) was performed to measure the speed of microtubule turnover. Xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate sensitivity of cancer cells to paclitaxel in vivo. In vitro and in vivo assays showed that silencing CD147 sensitized the cancer cells to paclitaxel treatment. CD147 protected cancer cells from paclitaxel-induced caspase-3 mediated apoptosis regardless of p53 status. Truncation analysis showed that the intracellular domain of CD147 (CD147ICD) was indispensable for CD147-regulated sensitivity to paclitaxel. Via screening the interacting proteins of CD147ICD, Ran binding protein 1 (RanBP1) was identified to interact with CD147ICD via its C-terminal tail. Furthermore, we showed that RanBP1 mediated CD147-regulated microtubule stability and dynamics as well as response to paclitaxel treatment. These results demonstrated that CD147 regulated paclitaxel response by interacting with the C-terminal tail of RanBP1 and targeting CD147 may be a promising strategy for preventing paclitaxel resistant.

16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1662: 462695, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923305

RESUMO

Multi-template imprinting is one of the challenge for molecular imprinting since the selectivity and binding affinity for each analyte decrease significantly compared with the corresponding molecularly imprinting polymers (MIPs) against single template. In this work, molecular crowding effect was tried to remedy the problem of imprinting reduction caused by the competition of two templates. Methacrylic acid (ACR) was used as functional monomer, ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA) as crosslinker, and polystyrene (PS) as macromolecular crowding agent. With levofloxacin (S-OFX) as the first template, a number of compounds with varied chemical structure were chosen as the second template to investigate the imprinting effect of dual-template. When S-OFX and naproxen (S-NAP) was used as the dual-template, the imprinting factor (IF) of the resulting MIP for S-OFX was 20.1 and IF for S-NAP was 10.9. In contrast, for the single-template MIPs, IF for S-OFX was 22.4, and IF for S-NAP was 11.9. As a comparison, the IF of the DT-MIP prepared in absence of PS was only 2.3 for S-OFX and 1.0 for S-NAP. To analyze recognition mechanism of the molecular crowding-based imprinting system, molecular dynamics simulations to the chain structure of PS and binding modes between template and functional monomers was conducted by NAMD software. All the results displayed that molecular crowding is a promising method to improve the affinity of the dual-template imprinted polymer.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Polímeros , Poliestirenos
17.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 433-439, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269220

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate protein expression by antagonizing the translation of mRNAs and are effective regulators of normal nervous system development, function, and disease. MicroRNA-29b (miR-29b) plays a broad and critical role in brain homeostasis. In this study, we tested the function of miR-29b in animal and cell models by inhibiting miR-29b expression. Mouse models of middle cerebral artery occlusion were established using the modified Zea-Longa suture method. Prior to modeling, 50 nmol/kg miR-29b antagomir was injected via the tail vein. MiR-29b expression was found to be abnormally increased in ischemic brain tissue. The inhibition of miR-29b expression decreased the neurological function score and reduced the cerebral infarction volume and cell apoptosis. In addition, the inhibition of miR-29b significantly decreased the malondialdehyde level, increased superoxide dismutase activity, and Bcl-2 expression, and inhibited Bax and Caspase3 expression. PC12 cells were treated with glutamate for 12 hours to establish in vitro cell models of ischemic stroke and then treated with the miR-29 antagomir for 48 hours. The results revealed that miR-29b inhibition in PC12 cells increased Bcl-2 expression and inhibited cell apoptosis and oxidative damage. These findings suggest that the inhibition of miR-29b inhibits oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in ischemic stroke, producing therapeutic effects in ischemic stroke. This study was approved by the Laboratory Animal Care and Use Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (approval No. 201709276S) on September 27, 2017.

18.
Food Chem ; 366: 130541, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273855

RESUMO

Penicillium oxalicum has been used as a biocontrol fungus in agriculture for many years, but the antimicrobial substances are still uncertain. Herein, we isolated a linear peptide named Sanxiapeptin in the culture broth of Penicillium oxalicum SG-4 collecting from the Three Gorges riparian zone. Sanxiapeptin exhibited potent inhibitory effect on citrus green mold Penicillium digitatum, the main fungi responsible for postharvest decay. Sanxiapeptin was elucidated as composing of five amino acids, which were ß-amino-α-methoxybutyric acid (Amoba), N-Me-l-Thr, d-Thr, N-Me-l-Val and l-Ser. By analyzing three chemically synthesized oligopeptides with similar structures, we found that the first amino acid of Amoba was crucial to the antifungal activity, as was the methylation of peptide bond. Sanxiapeptin may act as an antimicrobial agent by affecting the function of cell membranes or walls. The antimicrobial spectrum, safety and stability analysis supported that Sanxiapeptin was a promising antifungal agent for citrus preservation.


Assuntos
Citrus , Penicillium , Frutas , Doenças das Plantas
19.
Food Chem ; 367: 130647, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343806

RESUMO

To increase the reuse of food residues, multifrequency countercurrent ultrasonic treatment was used to enhance the extraction yield of defatted mulberry seed protein (DMSP), and sweet-flavored peptides from DMSP hydrolysates (DMSPHs) were obtained for the first time. Here, the DMSP yield was increased by 16.2% (p < 0.05) while the power density was halved compared with single-frequency ultrasonic treatment. According to Fick's second law, a molecular diffusion dynamics model was developed to be suitable for predicting the pretreatment conditions (R2 = 0.9785). After that, the sweet-flavored peptides were purified and the main amino acid sequences were identified, i.e., FEGGSIE, KDFPEAHSQAT, and GSQPAEGAK. Moreover, the antioxidant activities of DMSPHs prepared with tri-frequency treatment was higher than 60%. The DMSPHs retarded the growth of HepG2 cells in vitro, increased the necrotic quadrant (Q1-UL), and extended the S phase. Therefore, the sweet-flavored peptides prepared from DMSPHs using the multifrequency-ultrasonic treatment have significant biological activities.


Assuntos
Morus , Antioxidantes , Peptídeos , Sementes , Tecnologia , Ultrassom
20.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 594-600, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380899

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that vagus nerve stimulation can improve patients' locomotor function. The stimulation of the auricular vagus nerve, which is the only superficial branch of the vagus nerve, may have similar effects to vagus nerve stimulation. However, the precise mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury were established by modified Longa ligation. Twenty-four hours later, 7-day auricular vagus nerve stimulation was performed. The results showed that auricular vagus nerve stimulation promoted the secretion of acetylcholine, inhibited the secretion of interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and reduced connexin 43 phosphorylation in the ischemic penumbra and motor cortex, promoting locomotor function recovery in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. These findings suggested that auricular vagus nerve stimulation promotes the recovery of locomotor function in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by altering the secretion of acetylcholine and inflammatory factors and the phosphorylation of connexin 43. This study was approved by the Animal Use and Management Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine on November 8, 2019 (approval No. PZSHUTCM191108014).

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