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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150460, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818796

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a broad-spectrum anticancer drug and has been frequently detected in aquatic environments due to its incomplete removal by wastewater treatment facilities and slow degradation in waters. Its toxicity in fish remains largely unknown. In this study, zebrafish eggs <4 h post fertilization (hpf) were exposed to CP at the concentrations from 0.5 to 50.0 µg/L until 168 hpf, and its toxicity was evaluated by biochemical, transcriptomic, and behavioral approaches. The results showed that malformation and mortality rates increased with CP concentrations. The 7-day malformation EC50 and mortality (LC30) by CP were calculated to be 86.8 µg/L and 7.5 mg/L, respectively. Inhibited startle response (light to dark) (a minimal of 19%) and reduced swimming velocity (a minimal of 30%) were observed in the CP-exposed larvae. The thicknesses of retinal ganglion layer, inner plexiform layer, and inner nuclear layer in the retina were increased after exposure to CP. Meanwhile, exposure to CP increased karyorrhexis and karyolysis in the liver tissue. Transcriptomic analysis identified 607 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (159 up-regulated and 448 down-regulated). A significant reduction in the transcripts of sgk1 (the FoxO pathway), jun (the MAPK pathway), and diabloa (apoptosis pathway) were observed in the CP-treated larvae. This study has demonstrated that low concentrations of CP cause malformation, reduced swimming capacity, histopathological alterations in the retina and liver tissues, and interference on transcriptional expressions of key genes associated with different pathways. The ecological risk of CP and other anticancer drugs to aquatic organisms merits future investigation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Embrião não Mamífero , Larva , Locomoção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132120, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523462

RESUMO

Water environmental pollution caused by spent batteries is a nonignorable environmental issue. In this study, the early life stage of zebrafish was employed to assess the environmental risk of spent batteries after exposure to 0, 1%, 2%, 5% and 10% spent battery extract for 120 h. Our results clearly indicated that spent battery extract can significantly decrease the survival rate, hatching rate and body length and increase heart rate. Moreover, spent battery extract exposure-induced zebrafish larvae generate oxidative stress and inhibit the mRNA transcriptional levels of heat shock protein (HSP70) and metallothionein (MT) genes. These results showed that the spent batteries not only affected the survival and development performance of zebrafish at an early life stage but also caused oxidative stress and interfered with the detoxification of zebrafish. This study provided novel insight into spent battery induced toxicity in the early life stage of fish.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Larva , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127261, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844370

RESUMO

Androgens androstadienedione (ADD) and androstenedione (AED) are predominant steroid hormones in surface water, and can disrupt the endocrine system in fish. However, little is known about the transgenerational effects of ADD and AED in fish. In the present study, F0 generation was exposed to ADD and AED from 21 to 144 days post-fertilization (dpf) at nominal concentrations of 5 (L), 50 (M) and 500 (H) ng L-1, and F1 generation was domesticated in clear water for 144 dpf. The sex ratio, histology and transcription in F0 and F1 generations were examined. In the F0 generation, ADD and AED tended to be estrogenic in zebrafish, resulting in female biased zebrafish populations. In the F1 generation, ADD at the H level caused 63.5% females, while AED at the H level resulted in 78.7% males. In brain, ADD and AED had similar effects on circadian rhythm in the F0 and F1 generations. In the F1 eleutheroembryos, transcriptomic analysis indicated that neuromast hair cell related biological processes (BPs) were overlapped in the ADD and AED groups. Taken together, ADD and AED at environmentally relevant concentrations had transgenerational effects on sex differentiation and transcription in zebrafish.

4.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the impacts of cordycepin and underlying mechanism on the sepsis. METHODS: The sepsis mice model was built and treated with different concentrations of cordycepin. Then the liver and lung injury caused by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was assessed using H&E staining and TUNEL assay. The expression of relevant genes was detected using qRT-PCR analysis and ELISA assays. Besides, the macrophage polarization was checked by flow cytometry. KEY FINDINGS: Cordycepin could significantly improve the liver and lung injury. Moreover, cordycepin increased the distribution of F4/80+ CD206+ M2-like macrophages and F4/80+ iNOS+ M1-like macrophages through down-regulating the expression of relevant genes. More importantly, cordycepin could monitor the protein expression of iNOS, Arg-1, TNF-α, MCP-1, IL-4 and IL-10 in CLP mice. Meanwhile, the elevated level of p65 induced by CLP was also repressed by the increase of the cordycepin. Moreover, cordycepin played a crucial part in CLP mice through modulating the NF-κB/p65 signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Cordycepin played an important role in mice with sepsis via reducing the M1/M2 macrophage polarization and modulating the NF-κB/p65 signalling pathway.

5.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727357

RESUMO

China is undergoing great social changes, and its demographic makeup is shifting every year along with those changes. China released key indicators from the seventh national population census on 12 May 2021. The total population of China's mainland increased to 1.41178 billion in 2020 from 1.33972 billion in 2010 (sixth national population census) with an average annual growth rate of 0.53%. In the past 10 years, the share of the population aged above 60 and 65 years increased by 5.44% (from 13.26% in 2010 to 18.70% in 2020) and 4.6% (from 8.9 to 13.5%), respectively. The share of the population with a college education or above rose from 8.93% in 2010 to 15.47% in 2020, and the illiteracy rate dropped from 4.08% in 2010 to 2.67% in 2020. In the next decade, China is likely to face many changes, including the increasing proportion of older adults in the population, declining births, and economic transformation. In an effort to respond to the changed demographic landscape, the authorities should adopt new laws and strategies to improve government services for older adults and consider ways to support women and families and make childbearing more attractive to and feasible for women.

6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4447-4455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737585

RESUMO

Hepatic echinococcosis is a parasitic, infectious disease with a high incidence in pastoral areas. It is highly infectious with a poor prognosis in some cases, which seriously affects the quality of life for people living in pastoral areas. This study aims to discuss the radiological characteristics, including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of hepatic echinococcosis from its definition, transmission, and pathological physiology. The characteristics of CT and MRI manifestations of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis are summarized in this study. It might help doctors to investigate this disease further and accurately make a diagnosis.

7.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 777043, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744673

RESUMO

Introduction: Cognitive decline is the core schizophrenia symptom, which is now well accepted. Holding a role in various aspects of cognition, lentiform nucleus (putamen and globus pallidus) dysfunction contributes to the psychopathology of this disease. However, the effects of lentiform nucleus function on cognitive impairments in schizophrenia are yet to be investigated. Objectives: We aim to detect the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) alterations in patients with schizophrenia, and examine how their behavior correlates in relation to the cognitive impairments of the patients. Methods: All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive assessment (digit span and digit symbol coding tests). Screening of brain regions with significant changes in fALFF values was based on analysis of the whole brain. The data were analyzed between Jun 2020 and Mar 2021. There were no interventions beyond the routine therapy determined by their clinicians on the basis of standard clinical practice. Results: There were 136 patients (75 men and 61 women, 24.1 ± 7.4 years old) and 146 healthy controls (82 men and 64 women, 24.2 ± 5.2 years old) involved in the experiments seriatim. Patients with schizophrenia exhibited decreased raw scores in cognitive tests (p < 0.001) and increased fALFF in the bilateral lentiform nuclei (left: 67 voxels; x = -24, y = -6, z = 3; peak t-value = 6.90; right: 16 voxels; x = 18, y = 0, z = 3; peak t-value = 6.36). The fALFF values in the bilateral lentiform nuclei were positively correlated with digit span-backward test scores (left: r = 0.193, p = 0.027; right: r = 0.190, p = 0.030), and the right lentiform nucleus was positively correlated with digit symbol coding scores (r = 0.209, p = 0.016). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that cognitive impairments in schizophrenia are associated with lentiform nucleus function as revealed by MRI, involving working memory and processing speed.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 716224, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744710

RESUMO

Background: The drug therapy of venous thromboembolism (VTE) presents a significant economic burden to the health-care system in low- and middle-income countries. To understand which anticoagulation therapy is most cost-effective for clinical decision-making , the cost-effectiveness of apixaban (API) versus rivaroxaban (RIV), dabigatran (DAB), and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), followed by vitamin K antagonist (VKA), in the treatment of VTE in China was assessed. Methods: To access the quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs), a long-term cost-effectiveness analysis was constructed using a Markov model with 5 health states. The Markov model was developed using patient data collected from the Xijing Hospital from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2021. The time horizon was set at 30 years, and a 6-month cycle length was used in the model. Costs and ICERs were reported in 2020 U.S. dollars. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA) were used to test the uncertainties. A Chinese health-care system perspective was used. Results: In the base case, the data of 231 VTE patients were calculated in the base case analysis retrospectively. The RIV group resulted in a mean VTE attributable to 95% effective treatment. API, DAB, and VKA have a negative ICER (-187017.543, -284,674.922, and -9,283.339, respectively) and were absolutely dominated. The Markov model results confirmed this observation. The ICER of the API and RIV was negative (-216176.977), which belongs to the absolute inferiority scheme, and the ICER value of the DAB and VKA versus RIV was positive (110,577.872 and 836,846.343). Since the ICER of DAB and VKA exceeds the threshold, RIV therapy was likely to be the best choice for the treatment of VTE within the acceptable threshold range. The results of the sensitivity analysis revealed that the model output varied mostly with the cost in the DAB on-treatment therapy. In a probabilistic sensitivity analysis of 1,000 patients for 30 years, RIV has 100% probability of being cost-effective compared with other regimens when the WTP is $10973 per QALY. When WTP exceeded $148,000, DAB was more cost-effective than RIV. Conclusions: Compared with LMWH + VKA and API, the results proved that RIV may be the most cost-effective treatment for VTE patients in China. Our findings could be helpful for physicians in clinical decision-making to select the appropriate treatment option for VTE.

9.
Environ Res ; : 112337, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742711

RESUMO

Recent years, heavy metal reduction of contaminated atmosphere using microbes is heightened worldwide. In this context, the current study was focused on heavy metal resistant actinomycete strains were screened from effluent mixed contaminated soil samples. Based on the phenotypic and molecular identification, the high metal resistant actinomycete strain was named as Nocardiopsis dassonvillei (MH900216). The highest bioflocculent and exopolysaccharide productions of Nocardiopsis dassonvillei (MH900216) was confirmed by various invitro experiments result. The heavy metal degrading substances was characterized and effectively confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscope (SEM). Further, the heavy metal sorption ability of actinomycete substances bioflocculent was exhibited 85.20%, 89.40%, 75.60%, and 51.40% against Cd, Cr, Pb and Hg respectively. Altogether, the bioflocculent produced actinomycete Nocardiopsis dassonvillei (MH900216) as an excellent biological source for heavy metal reduction in waste water, and it is an alternative method for effective removal of heavy metals towards sustainable environmental management.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761295

RESUMO

Two novel species of the genus Deinococcus, designated SYSU M49105T and SYSU M42101T, were isolated from freshwater samples of the Pearl River estuary in Guangdong, China. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strains SYSU M49105T and SYSU M42101T showed the highest sequence similarities to Deinococcus aetherius JCM 11751 T (93.6%) and Deinococcus multiflagellatus NBRC 112888 T (97.3%), respectively. Cells of both strains were Gram-staining positive, aerobic, coccus-shaped, oxidase-negative and non-motile. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as their diagnostic diamino acid. MK-8 was the predominant respiratory quinone for both strains. The polar lipid profile of SYSU M49105T contained two unidentified phosphoglycolipids, nine unidentified glycolipids, and five unidentified polar lipids. SYSU M42101T had one unidentified phosphoglycolipid, nine unidentified glycolipids, one unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified polar lipids. The major fatty acids of strains SYSU M49105T and SYSU M42101T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/ or C16:1 ω6c) and C16:0. The G + C contents of the novel isolates based on genomic DNAs were 69.6% and 67.4%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strains SYSU M49105T and SYSU M42101T should be considered to represent two novel species in the genus Deinococcus, for which the names Deinococcus aestuarii sp. nov. and Deinococcus aquaedulcis sp. nov. were proposed with the type strains SYSU M49105T (= KCTC 43258 T = CGMCC 1.18609 T) and SYSU M42101T (= KCTC 43257 T = CGMCC 1.18614 T), respectively.

11.
Cancer Imaging ; 21(1): 59, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional MRI (fMRI) parameters analysis has been proven to be a promising tool of predicting therapeutic response to induction chemotherapy (IC) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The study was designed to identify and compare the value of fMRI parameters in predicting early response to IC in patients with NPC. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled fifty-six consecutively NPC patients treated with IC from January 2021 to May 2021. Conventional diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) protocols were performed before and after IC. Parameters maps (ADC, MD, MK, Dslow, Dfast, PF, Ktrans, Ve and Kep) of the primary tumor were calculated by the Functool post-processing software. The participants were classified as responding group (RG) and non-responding group (NRG) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1. The fMRI parameters were compared before and after IC and between RG with NRG. Logistic regression analysis and ROC were performed to further identify and compare the efficacy of the parameters. RESULTS: After IC, the mean values of ADC(p < 0.001), MD(p < 0.001), Dslow(p = 0.001), PF(p = 0.030) and Ve(p = 0.003) significantly increased, while MK(p < 0.001), Dfast(p = 0.009) and Kep(p = 0.003) values decreased dramatically, while no significant difference was detected in Ktrans(p = 0.130). Compared with NRG, ADC-pre(p < 0.001), MD-pre(p < 0.001) and Dslow-pre(p = 0.002) values in RG were lower, while MK-pre(p = 0.017) values were higher. The areas under the ROC curves for the ADC-pre, MD-pre, MK-pre, Dslow-pre and PRE were 0.885, 0.855, 0.809, 0.742 and 0.912, with the optimal cutoff value of 1210 × 10- 6 mm2/s, 1010 × 10- 6 mm2/s, 832 × 10- 6, 835 × 10- 6 mm2/s and 0.799 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The pretreatment conventional DWI (ADC), DKI (MD and MK), and IVIM (Dslow) values derived from fMRI showed a promising potential in predicting the response of the primary tumor to IC in NPC patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was approved by ethics board of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, and registered on January 30, 2021, in Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( ChiCTR2100042863 ).


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Benchmarking , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 723777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796170

RESUMO

PRDM16 (known as MEL1), a member of the PR domain zinc finger family, has been implicated in multiple biological processes, including cancers. It is not clear yet whether PRDM16 is involved in tumor progress of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We identified the PRDM16 expression level in PTC tissues by qRT-PCR and analyzed its relationship with clinical characteristics in both Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) and TCGA cohorts. We tested the function of PRDM16 in PTC cells both in vivo and in vitro. We found a direct downstream target of PRDM16, pyruvate carboxylase (PC), by RNA-sequencing, rescue experiments, luciferase assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. PRDM16 was downregulated in papillary thyroid cancer tissues and was significantly related with lymph node metastases and extrathyroidal extension in both FUSCC and TCGA cohorts. Overexpression of PRDM16 could attenuate proliferation and migration of PTC cells via inhibiting the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition process. PC was upregulated in papillary thyroid cancer tissues. Knockdown of PC could inhibit proliferation and migration in TPC-1 and K1 cells. The repression effect on cell proliferation and migration from PRDM16 was PC dependent. PRDM16 could directly bind to the PC promoter and inhibit its expression at the transcription level. Moreover, the mRNA expression level of PRDM16 and PC was negatively related in human PTC tissues. In conclusion, PRDM16 exhibited an antitumor effect and EMT inhibition function in PTC by directly binding with the PC promoter. PRDM16 may be a novel therapeutic target in papillary thyroid cancer.

13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 965, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rats have been widely used as experimental animals when performing fundamental research because they are economical, rapidly reproducing, and heal quickly. While the rat interbody fusion model has been applied in basic studies, existing rat models generally have shortcomings, such as insufficiently simulating clinical surgery. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel rat model of interbody fusion which more closely represents clinical surgery. METHODS: The internal fixation was designed based on physical measurements of the rats' lumbar spine. Then, ten rats divided into two groups (A and B) underwent anterior lumbar corpectomy and fusion of the L5 vertebrae. Groups A and B were sacrificed four and 8 weeks post-surgery, respectively. Micro-CT and histological examination were used to evaluate the model. Fusion rate, bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular bone number (Tb.N), trabecular bone thickness (Tb.Th), and the area ratio of newly formed bone (NB) were calculated for quantitative analysis. RESULTS: Based on the L5 body dimensions of individual rats, 3D-printed titanium cage of the appropriate size were printed. The operations were successfully completed in all ten rats, and X-ray confirmed that internal fixation was good without migration. Micro-CT suggested that fusion rates in group B (100%) were greater than group A (40%, P < 0.05). The BV/TV (B: 42.20 ± 10.50 vs. A: 29.02 ± 3.25, P < 0.05) and Tb.N (B: 4.66 ± 1.23 vs. A: 1.97 ± 0.40, P < 0.05) were greater in group B than A, and the Tb.Th in group B was lower than group A (B: 0.10 ± 0.04 vs. A: 0.15 ± 0.02, P < 0.05). Histomorphometry results demonstrated that the area ratio of NB in group B were greater than group A (B: 35.72 ± 12.80 vs. A: 12.36 ± 16.93, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: A rat interbody fusion model based on anterior lumbar corpectomy and fusion has successfully been constructed and verified. It could provide a new choice for fundamental research using animal models of spinal fusion.


Assuntos
Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Animais , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Região Lombossacral , Radiografia , Ratos
14.
J Nat Prod ; 84(11): 2953-2960, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787427

RESUMO

Penicisteckins A-D (1-4), two pairs of atropodiastereomeric biaryl-type hetero- and homodimeric bis-isochromans with 7,5'- and 7,7'-linkages and a pair of atropodiastereomeric 2-(isochroman-5-yl)-1,4-benzoquinone derivatives [penicisteckins E (5) and F (6)], were isolated from the Penicillium steckii HNNU-5B18. Their structures including the absolute configuration were determined by extensive spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and TDDFT-ECD calculations. Both the bis-isochromans and the isochroman/1,4-benzoquinone conjugates represent novel biaryl scaffolds containing both central and axial chirality elements. The monomer anserinone B (8) exhibited potent antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with minimal inhibition concentration values ranging from 2 to 8 µg mL-1. Plausible biosynthetic pathways of 1-6 are proposed, which suggest how the absolute configurations of the isolates were established during the biosynthetic scheme.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846291

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and coccus-shaped bacterium, designated strain LNNU 331112T, was isolated from the composite rhizosphere soil of the halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica (Bunge) Freitag and Schütze, which was collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C, pH 6.0-11.0 and in the presence of 0-10 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence suggested that strain LNNU 331112T belonged to the genus Hoyosella and showed 95.6, 95.5 and 95.4 % sequence similarities to Hoyosella altamirensis DSM 45258T, Hoyosella subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and Hoyosella rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T, respectively. The estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain LNNU 331112T and the type strains of H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 18.9, 19.3 and 18.3 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain LNNU 331112T and H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 72.6, 72.7 and 72.3 %, respectively. The genome sequence of strain LNNU 331112T showed 69.0-72.3 % average amino acid identity values in comparison with the related genome sequences of three validly published Hoyosella species. The genome of strain LNNU 331112T was 3.47 Mb, with a DNA G+C content of 68.4 mol%. A total of 3182 genes were identified as protein-coding in strain LNNU 331112T. Genomic analysis revealed that a number of genes involved in osmotic pressure regulation, intracellular pH homeostasis and potassium (K+) uptake protein were found in strain LNNU 331112T. The predominant menaquinones were MK-8 (44.6 %) and MK-7 (55.4 %), which differentiated strain LNNU 331112T from other three recognized Hoyosella species. Major fatty acids (>10 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c (33.8 %), C16 : 0 (23.3 %), C17 : 0 (12.8 %) and summed feature 3 (12.9 %), which also clearly separated strain LNNU 331112T from three recognized Hoyosella species. The polar lipid profile of strain LNNU 331112T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. According to the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain LNNU 331112T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Hoyosella, for which the name Hoyosella suaedae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LNNU 331112T (=KCTC 39808T=CGMCC 1.17107T=DSM 103463T).

16.
Neuropharmacology ; 204: 108895, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813859

RESUMO

Social memory is the ability to discriminate familiar conspecific from the unknown ones. Prefrontal neurons are essentially required for social memory, but the mechanism associated with this regulation remains unknown. It is also unclear to what extent the neuronal representations of social memory formation and retrieval events overlap in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and which event drives social memory strength. Here we asked these questions by using a repeated social training paradigm for social recognition in FosTRAP mice. We found that after 4 days' repeated social training, female mice developed stable social memory. Specifically, repeated social training activated more cells that were labeled with tdTomato during memory retrieval compared with the first day of memory encoding. Besides, combining TRAP with c-Fos immunostaining, we found about 30% of the FosTRAPed cells were reactivated during retrieval. Moreover, the number of retrieval-induced but not first-day encoding-induced tdTomato neurons correlates with the social recognition ratio in the prelimbic but not other subregions. The activated cells during the retrieval session also showed increased NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission compared with that in non-labeled pyramidal neurons. Blocking NMDA receptors by MK-801 impaired social memory but not sociability. Therefore, our results reveal that repetitive training elevates mPFC involvement in social memory retrieval via enhancing NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission, thus rendering stable social memory.

17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1868(2): 166304, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SNAP-25 is one of the key proteins involved in formation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complexes that are at the core of hormonal secretion and synaptic transmission. Altered expression or function of SNAP-25 can contribute to the development of neuropsychiatric and metabolic disease. A dominant negative (DN) I67T missense mutation in the b-isoform of SNAP-25 (DN-SNAP25mut) mice leads to abnormal interactions within the SNARE complex and impaired exocytotic vesicle recycling, yet the significance of this mutation to any association between the central nervous system and metabolic homeostasis is unknown. METHODS: Here we explored aspects of metabolism, steroid hormone production and neurobehavior of DN-SNAP25mut mice. RESULTS: DN-SNAP25mut mice displayed enhanced insulin function through increased Akt phosphorylation, alongside increased adrenal and gonadal hormone production. In addition, increased anxiety behavior and beigeing of white adipose tissue with increased energy expenditure were observed in mutants. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that SNAP25 plays an important role in bridging central neurological systems with peripheral metabolic homeostasis, and provide potential insights between metabolic disease and neuropsychiatric disorders in humans.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent years, multi drug resistant pathogens and their pathogenicity were increased worldwide due to unauthorized consumption of antibiotics. In addition, correlation between multi drug resistant bacteria and biofilm formation is heightened due to the production of more virulence behavior. There is no better identification methods are available for detection of biofilm producing gram negative bacteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research work, multi drug resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) were identified based on the specific antibiotics and third generation cephalosporin discs by disc diffusion assay. Subsequently, biofilm forming ability of selected pathogens were identified tissue culture plate and tube test. Based on the multi-drug resistant ability and biofilm production, the molecular identification of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae were confirmed by PCR using universal primers. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: No zone of inhibition present around the discs of muller hinton agar plates were confirm, selected P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae strains were multi drug resistant pathogens. Performed third generation cephalosporin antibiotics were also highly sensitive to selected pathogens of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae. Further, biofilm forming ability of selected P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae was confirmed by tissue culture plate and tube methods. Finally, molecular identification of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae was named as P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae. Our result was conclude, selected P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae as biofilm producing pathogens and also highly resistant to current antibiotics.

19.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 1594-1606, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808067

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Xiaoyaosan decoction (XYS), a classical Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula is used to treat liver fibrosis in clinics. OBJECTIVE: This study explores defined compound combinations from XYS decoction to treat liver fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology combined with transcriptomics analysis was used to analyze the XYS decoction and liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome liver fibrosis. From the constructed XYS-Syndrome-liver fibrosis network, the top 10 active formulas were developed by topological analysis according to network stability. The most active formula was determined by in vitro study. The anti-fibrosis effect was evaluated by in vitro and in vivo studies. RESULTS: According to the network XYS-Syndrome-liver fibrosis network, 8 key compounds and 255 combinations were predicted from in XYS. Luteolin, licochalcone A, aloe-emodin and acacetin formula (LLAAF) had a synergistic effect on the proliferation inhibition of hepatic stellate cells compared to individual compounds alone. The treatment of XYS and LLAAF showed a similar anti-liver fibrotic effect that reduced histopathological changes of liver fibrosis, Hyp content and levels of α-SMA and collagen I in CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Transcriptomics analysis revealed LLAAF regulated PI3K-Akt, AMPK, FoxO, Jak-STAT3, P53, cell cycle, focal adhesion, and PPAR signalling. Furthermore, LLAAF was confirmed to regulate Jak-STAT and PI3K-Akt-FoxO signalling in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: This study developed a novel anti-liver formula LLAAF from XYS, and demonstrated its anti-liver fibrotic activity which may be involved in the regulation of Jak-STAT and PI3K-Akt-FoxO signalling.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797757

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated YZGR15T, was isolated from the root of an annual halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica, collected from the southern edge of the Gurbantunggut desert, north-west PR China. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, irregular rods. Growth occurred at 4-42 °C (optimum, 30-37 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-5 %). Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YZGR15T showed the highest sequence similarity to Sanguibacter keddieii (98.27 %), Sanguibacter antarcticus (98.20 %) and Sanguibacter inulinus (98.06 %). Results of genome analyses of strain YZGR15T indicated that the genome size was 3.16 Mb, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 71.9 mol%. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain YZGR15Tand three type strains were in the range of 76.5-77.8 % and 20.0-22.2 %, respectively. Analysis of the cellular component of strain YZGR15T revealed that the primary fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, C14 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 and the polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified glycolipids. The cell-wall characteristic amino acids were glutamic acid, alanine and an unknown amino acid. The whole-cell sugars for the strain were mannose, ribose, rhamnose, glucose and an unidentified sugar. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-9(H4). Based on the results of genomic, phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain YZGR15T represents a novel species of the genus Sanguibacter, for which the name Sanguibacter suaedae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YZGR15T (=CGMCC 1.18691T=KCTC 49659T).


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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