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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16557, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-treatment alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response has been reported to be associated with prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, but the results were not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the relationship between AFP response and clinical outcomes of HCC. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline and Cochrane library were searched for relevant articles published before March 20, 2019. The data were analyzed using RevMan5.3 software. RESULTS: Twenty-nine articles with 4726 HCC patients were finally included for analysis. The pooled results showed that post-treatment AFP response was significantly associated with overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.35-0.47, P <.001), progression free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.39-0.54, P <.001) and recurrence free survival (RFS) (HR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.29-0.56, P <.001) of HCC patients. CONCLUSION: post-treatment AFP response might be a useful prognostic marker for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , alfa-Fetoproteínas/uso terapêutico
2.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1913-1919, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399175

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the impact of circadian rhythms on the outcomes of liver transplantation on patients suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of patients who underwent liver transplantation from 2012 to 2017 in our center. Based on the begin time of transplantation, these patients were separated into 2 groups: day group and night group. The intraoperative and postoperative clinical variables were analyzed to find out the impact of the circadian rhythms. Multivariate analysis was performed to examine strength associations between the begin time of operation and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 147 patients were included in this study: 102 patients in the day group and 45 patients in the night group. Compared with the day group, patients in the night group had higher incidence of intraoperative massive hemorrhage (11.1% vs 2.0%, P = .048), more intraoperative blood loss (2168.00 ± 2324.20 mL vs 1405.88 ± 1037.69 mL, P = .040), and more requirement of red blood cells (RBC) suspension (8.59 ± 7.11 u vs 6.37 ± 5.78 u, P = .048). In addition, total operation time in the night group was longer than that in the day group (8.90 ± 1.65 hours vs 8.26 ± 1.69 hours, P = .034), as well as the cold ischemia time (9.35 ± 5.03 hours vs 7.21 ± 3.93 hours, P = .014). Furthermore, the night group had higher incidence of other intraoperative complications (13.3% vs 2.9%, P = .038), postoperative abdominal infection (20.0% vs 6.9%, P = .038), and more hospital cost (37,357.96 ± 6779.96 dollars vs 33,551.75 ± 11,683.38 dollars, P = .045). Moreover, patients in the night group needed longer time to restore hepatic function to normal (21.77 ± 10.91 days vs 17.54 ± 10.80 days, P = .033). Multivariate analysis showed that begin time of operation was the independent risk factor of longer operation time, more blood loss during operation, higher incidence of massive hemorrhage and other intraoperative complications, longer time for restoration of hepatic function to normal, higher incidence of abdominal infection at the early stage after transplantation, and more hospital cost (all P value ≤ .05). CONCLUSION: Liver transplantation performed at night was associated with higher incidence of intraoperative and early postoperative complications, as well as higher hospital cost. And these worsened outcomes all could be explained by the influence that circadian rhythms had on patients or medical workers.

3.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of laparoscopically anatomical resection (LAR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear due to the more demanding technique required in laparoscopy. This study is to analyze the clinical impact of LAR compared to laparoscopically non-anatomical resection (LNAR) for HCC. METHODS: All patients received laparoscopic hepatectomy for HCC (diameter 5-10 cm) from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into LAR and LNAR groups. The perioperative and oncological outcomes were evaluated based on propensity score matching (PSM) method. RESULTS: After PSM, 51 patients in each group were enrolled. The operative time in LAR group was longer (240 vs 195.0 min, p = 0.012) and blood loss was more (200.0 vs 150.0 mL, p = 0.030) than those of LNAR group, respectively. The total complication rates were comparable between them (21.6% vs 17.6%, p = 0.500). The 3-year overall survival rates were 59.4% in LAR group and 38.7% in LNAR group, respectively (p = 0.045). The 3-year disease-free survival rates were 52.3% in LAR group and 27.0% in LNAR group, respectively (p = 0.042). CONCLUSION: LAR could be feasibly performed with comparable perioperative outcomes and contributed to improve long-term survival in patients with HCC (diameter 5-10 cm) when compared to LNAR.

4.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0219219, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269063

RESUMO

Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is the most leading cause of mortality following hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Platelet count was reported to be a simple but useful indicator of liver cirrhosis and function of spleen. Spleen stiffness (SS) was used to evaluate the morphological change of spleen and was reported to be related to liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. However, the predictive value of platelet to spleen stiffness ratio (PSR) on PHLF remains unknown. A retrospective study was performed to analyze 158 patients with HCC following hepatectomy from August 2015 to February 2016. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the value of each risk factor for predicting PHLF. The predictive efficiency of the risk factors was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. PHLF occured in 23 (14.6%) patients. PSR (P<0.001, odds ratio (OR) = 0.622, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.493~0.784), hepatic inflow occlusion (HIO) (P = 0.003, OR = 1.044, 95% CI 1.015~1.075) and major hepatectomy (P = 0.019, OR = 5.967, 95% CI 1.346~26.443) were demonstrated to be the independent predictive factors for development of PHLF in a multivariate analysis. Results of the present study suggested PSR is a novel and non-invasive model for predicting PHLF in patients with HCC.

5.
Oncologist ; 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is associated with poor postoperative survival outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH) MVI scoring system was established to predict prognosis in patients with HCC with MVI after R0 liver resection (LR) and to supplement the most commonly used classification systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with HCC with MVI who underwent R0 LR as an initial therapy were included. The EHBH-MVI score was developed from a retrospective cohort from 2003 to 2009 to form the training cohort. The variables associated with overall survival (OS) on univariate analysis were subsequently investigated using the log-rank test, and the EHBH-MVI score was developed using the Cox regression model. It was validated using an internal prospective cohort from 2011 to 2013 as well as three independent external validation cohorts. RESULTS: There were 1,033 patients in the training cohort; 322 patients in the prospective internal validation cohort; and 493, 282, and 149 patients in the three external validation cohorts, respectively. The score was developed using the following factors: α-fetoprotein level, tumor encapsulation, tumor diameter, hepatitis B e antigen positivity, hepatitis B virus DNA load, tumor number, and gastric fundal/esophageal varicosity. The score differentiated two groups of patients (≤4, >4 points) with distinct long-term prognoses outcomes (median OS, 55.8 vs. 19.6 months; p < .001). The predictive accuracy of the score was greater than the other four commonly used staging systems for HCC. CONCLUSION: The EHBH-MVI scoring system was more accurate in predicting prognosis in patients with HCC with MVI after R0 LR than the other four commonly used staging systems. The score can be used to supplement these systems. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is a major determinant of survival outcomes after curative liver resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Currently, there is no scoring system aiming to predict prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after R0 liver resection (LR). Most of the widely used staging systems for HCC do not use MVI as an independent risk factor, and they cannot be used to predict the prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after surgery. In this study, a new Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH) MVI scoring system was established to predict prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after R0 LR. Based on the results of this study, postoperative adjuvant therapy may be recommended for patients with HCC and MVI with an EHBH-MVI score >4. This score can be used to supplement the currently used HCC classifications to predict postoperative survival outcomes in patients with HCC and MVI.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15458, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045820

RESUMO

Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is the main cause of perioperative death, and liver cirrhosis is one of the most important risk factors for PHLF. Spleen stiffness (SS) is a novel ultrasonic indicator for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension, however, it is not clear that whether it has a significant influence on PHLF. Future remnant liver volume (FRLV) is a significant factor for liver regeneration after hepatectomy, spleen volume (SV) could also predict the degree of liver cirrhosis, and recent literatures reported that SV to FRLV ratio (SV/FRLV) could predict small for size syndrome (SFSS) in liver transplantation, however, the relationship between SV/FRLV and PHLF in patients receiving hepatectomy is not known. Systemic inflammatory response (SIR) plays a significant role in the pathogenesis and progression of liver cirrhosis, however, it is not very clear about the exact relationship between SIR and PHLF.We prospectively collected the medical data of consecutive patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent hepatectomy from August 2015 to February 2016. Preoperative measurements of SS, liver stiffness (LS), SV, FRLV, and SIR were performed on all patients. A univariate analysis was performed to find the risk factors of PHLF and a multivariate analysis was used to identify independent risk factors. The predictive efficiency of the risk factors was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Twenty three (23) (14.6%) patients developed PHLF. Univariate analysis found several variables significantly related to PHLF, they were as follows: tumor diameter (P = .01), cirrhosis (P = .001), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P = .018), LS (P = .001), SS (P = .001), SV/FRLV (P < .001), operation duration (P = .003), transfusion (P = .009), hepatic inflow occlusion (HIO) (P = .001). Finally, SV/FRLV (P < .001, hazard ratio (HR) = 26.356, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.627-425.21), SS (P = .009, HR = 1.077, 95%CI 1.017-1.141), and HIO time (P = .002, HR = 1.043, 95%CI 1.014-1.072) were determined as the independent risk factors of PHLF by multivariate analysis.SS and SV/FRLV help to predict the development of PHLF in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Falência Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Elasticidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Tamanho do Órgão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Baço/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(9): 1644-1651, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT) is a significant poor prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch or above of the main portal vein (MPV) could benefit from R0 liver resection (LR). A nomogram is needed to predict early postoperative recurrence (ER) in HCC patients with PVTT and to guide selection of these patients for adjuvant therapy to reduce postoperative recurrence risks. METHODS: HCC patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch or above of the MPV after R0 LR as an initial therapy were included. A nomogram using data from a retrospective training cohort was developed with the Cox regression model. The model was tested in a prospective internal validation cohort and three external validation cohorts. RESULTS: Of 979 patients, 657 developed postoperative ER (67.1%). ER occurred in 165 of 264 patients (62.5%) in the training cohort, 146 of 218 patients (70.0%) in the internal validation cohort, and 204 of 284 patients (71.8%), 77 of 113 patients (68.1%), and 65 of 100 patients (65%) in the three external validation cohorts, respectively. The nomogram included the following variables: hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), PVTT, HBV DNA, satellite nodules, α-fetoprotein, and tumour diameter. The ROC were 0.836, 0.763, 0.802, 0.837, and 0.846 in predicting ER in the five respective cohorts. CONCLUSION: A nomogram was developed and validated to predict postoperative ER in patients with HCC with PVTT after R0 LR. This nomogram could select appropriate patients with high ER risks for postoperative adjuvant therapy.

8.
Hepatology ; 69(5): 2076-2090, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586158

RESUMO

Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is a significant poor prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch of the main portal vein (MPV) or above could benefit from negative margin (R0) liver resection (LR). An Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH)/PVTT scoring system was established to predict the prognosis of HCC patients with PVTT after R0 LR and guide selection of subgroups of patients that could benefit from LR. HCC patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch of the MPV or above who underwent R0 LR as an initial therapy were included. The EHBH-PVTT score was developed from a retrospective cohort in the training cohort using a Cox regression model and validated in a prospective internal validation cohort and three external validation cohorts. There were 432 patients in the training cohort, 285 in the prospective internal validation cohort, and 286, 189, and 135 in three external validation cohorts, respectively. The score was calculated using total bilirubin, α-fetoprotein (AFP), tumor diameter, and satellite lesions. The EHBH-PVTT score differentiated two groups of patients (≤/>3 points) with distinct long-term prognoses (median overall survival [OS], 17.0 vs. 7.9 months; P < 0.001). Predictive accuracy, as determined by the area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs; 0.680-0.721), was greater than that of the other commonly used staging systems for HCC and PVTT. Conclusion: The EHBH-PVTT scoring system was more accurate in predicting the prognosis of HCC patients with PVTT than other staging systems after LR. It selected appropriate HCC patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch of the MPV or above for LR. It can be used to supplement the other HCC staging systems.

9.
Liver Cancer ; 7(3): 235-260, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319983

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (about 85-90% of primary liver cancer) is particularly prevalent in China because of the high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection. HCC is the fourth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of tumor-related deaths in China. It poses a significant threat to the life and health of Chinese people. Summary: This guideline presents official recommendations of the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China on the surveillance, diagnosis, staging, and treatment of HCC occurring in China. The guideline was written by more than 50 experts in the field of HCC in China (including liver surgeons, medical oncologists, hepatologists, interventional radiologists, and diagnostic radiologists) on the basis of recent evidence and expert opinions, balance of benefits and harms, cost-benefit strategies, and other clinical considerations. Key Messages: The guideline presents the Chinese staging system, and recommendations regarding patients with HCC in China to ensure optimum patient outcomes.

10.
Surg Endosc ; 32(11): 4614-4623, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adoption of laparoscopic techniques for living donor major hepatectomy has been controversial issue. The aim of this study is to present the preliminary experience of laparoscopic right hepatectomy in China. METHODS: All the donors receiving right hepatectomy for adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) were divided into three groups: pure laparoscopic right hepatectomy (PLRH) group, hand-assisted right hepatectomy (HARH) group and open right hepatectomy (ORH) group. We compared the perioperative data and surgical outcomes of donors and recipients among three groups. RESULTS: From November 2001 to May 2017, 295 donors have received right hepatectomy for LDLT in our center. Among them, 7 donors received PLRH, 26 donors received HARH and 262 donors received ORH. The operation time of PLRH group (509.3 ± 98.9 min) was longer than that of the HARH group (451.6 ± 89.7 min) and the ORH group (418.4 ± 81.1 min, p = 0.003). The blood loss was the least in the PLRH group (378.6 ± 177.1 mL), compared with that in the HARH group (617.3 ± 240.4 mL) and that in the ORH group (798.6 ± 483.7 mL, p = 0.0013). The postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the PLRH group (7, 7-10 days) than that in the HATH group (8.5, 7.5-12 days) and ORH group (11, 9-14 days; p = 0.001). Only one donor had pleural effusion (Grade I) and another one experienced pulmonary infection (Grade II). One recipient (14.3%) in the PLRH group occurred hepatic venous stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic approaches for right hepatectomy contribute to less blood loss, better cosmetic satisfaction, less severe complications, and faster rehabilitation. PLRH is a safe and feasible procedure, which must be performed in highly specialized centers with expertise of both LDLT and laparoscopic hepatectomy, and requires a hybrid-to-pure stepwise development.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(29): e11599, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024565

RESUMO

There is little information regarding the predictive ability of albumin-bilirubin grades (ALBI) plus platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following liver resection. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic power of the ALBI-PLR score in patients with hepatitis B virus-related (HBV-related) HCC within Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A after liver resection.Around 475 patients were included in this study. Patients with preoperative ALBI grades 1, 2, or 3 were allocated a score of 0, 1, or 2, respectively. Patients with preoperative PLR >150 or ≤150 were allocated a score of 0 or 1, respectively. The ALBI-PLR score was the summary of the ALBI and PLR scores.During the follow-up period, 256 patients experienced recurrence, and 150 patients died. Multivariate analysis revealed tumor size, multiple tumors, positive HBV-DNA load, cirrhosis, and ALBI-PLR score as being independently associated with postoperative recurrence, whereas tumor size, high preoperative α-fetoprotein level, and ALBI-PLR score were independent risk factors for postoperative mortality. HCC patients with high ALBI-PLR score had poor recurrence-free and overall survival.The preoperative ALBI-PLR score is a surrogate marker for predicting HBV-related HCC patient's prognosis after liver resection. A high ALBI-PLR score is associated with a high incidence of postoperative recurrence and mortality.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos/métodos , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatectomia , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Dig Liver Dis ; 50(7): 713-719, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29622387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of hepatic resection by comparing it with transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria with clinically relevant portal hypertension. METHODS: A total of 363 patients and 193 propensity score-matched patients who had hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria with clinically relevant portal hypertension and underwent hepatic resection or transarterial chemoembolization were retrospectively analyzed. The short-term and long-term results were compared. RESULTS: Postoperative complications and 30-day mortality were similar between the two groups. The hepatic resection provided a survival benefit over TACE at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years. Similar results were observed in the propensity score analysis. Five variables were identified as independent prognostic factors: treatment, AFP, Child-Pugh classification, tumor number and extension of disease in a multivariate analysis of the whole study population. In addition, only the tumor number was identified as an independent risk factor after propensity matching. The subgroup analysis demonstrated that the survival benefit of the hepatic resection can only be derived in a subset of patients with a single tumor. CONCLUSIONS: In a properly selected group of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria with clinically relevant portal hypertension, hepatic resection appears to be as safe as TACE and provides a significant survival benefit.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Hepatectomia , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(10): e0087, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29517676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simultaneous splenectomy during liver transplantation (LT) is debated. The present meta-analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of splenectomy on the outcome of LT patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Wanfang databases for relevant studies published until the date of July 15, 2017. Quality assessment of the included studies was performed using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale judgment. The data were analyzed using RevMan5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies consisting of 2198 patients (892 patients received splenectomy during LT [SPLT group] and 1306 patients received LT only [LT group]) were included in the present meta-analysis. Efficacy analysis revealed that pooled hazard ratio for overall survival (OS) between 2 groups was not significantly different (hazard ratio = 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.71-1.50). SPLT group had less postoperative rejection (odds ratio [OR] = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.50-0.79) and small for size syndrome (OR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.07-0.79). SPLT group had significantly lower preoperative platelet (mean difference [MD] = -17.23, 95% CI: -19.54, -14.91), but significantly higher postoperative platelet (MD = 170.45, 95% CI: 108.33-232.56). Conversely, SPLT group had significant higher preoperative portal pressure (MD = 1.54, 95% CI: 0.75-2.33) and significant lower postoperative portal pressure (MD = -1.17, 95% CI: -2.24, -0.11). Safety analysis revealed that SPLT group had significantly longer operation time (MD = 56.66, 95% CI: 35.96-77.35), more intraoperative blood loss (MD = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.25-1.91), and more intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion (MD = 3.77, 95% CI: 3.22-4.33). Furthermore, SPLT group had significantly higher incidence of postoperative hemorrhage (OR = 3.07, 95% CI: 1.92-4.91), postoperative thrombosis (OR = 3.63, 95% CI: 1.06-12.45), and perioperative infection (OR = 2.62, 95% CI: 1.76-3.90). In addition, perioperative mortality was significantly higher in the SPLT group (OR = 3.14, 95% CI: 1.31-7.52). Postoperative hospital stay did not differ significantly between 2 groups (OR = -1.75, 95% CI: -3.66-0.16). CONCLUSIONS: Splenectomy benefits LT patients in increasing platelet count. However, splenectomy is a morbid procedure as splenectomy increases operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative RBC transfusion, and postoperative complications. Splenectomy does not improve OS but increase perioperative mortality. Therefore, splenectomy should be performed only in selective patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Esplenectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 216, 2018 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently limited information regarding the prognostic ability of the dNLR-PNI (the combination of the derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [dNLR] and prognostic nutritional index [PNI]) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the dNLR-PNI in patients with intermediate-to-advanced HCC after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: A total of 761 HCC patients were enrolled in the study. The dNLR-PNI was retrospectively calculated in these patients, as follows: patients with both an elevated dNLR and a decreased PNI, as determined using the cutoffs obtained from receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, were allocated a score of 2, while patients showing one or neither of these alterations were allocated a score of 1 or 0, respectively. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 562 patients died. Multivariate analysis suggested that elevated total bilirubin, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer C stage, repeated TACE, and dNLR-PNI were independently associated with unsatisfactory overall survival. The median survival times of patients with a dNLR-PNI of 0, 1, and 2 were 31.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] 22.5-39.5), 16.0 (95% CI 12.2-19.7) and 6.0 (95% CI 4.8-7.2) months, respectively (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The dNLR-PNI can predict the survival outcomes of intermediate-to-advanced HCC patients undergoing TACE, and should be further evaluated as a prognostic marker for who are to undergo TACE treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Inflamação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Neutrófilos , Estado Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(8): e0033, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29465544

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate different surgical therapies for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in different clinical stages.We analyze the clinical data of 115 patients who received surgical treatment in West China Hospital from January 2004 to June 2016. Among these patients, 77 cases underwent radical hepatic resection (group A, n = 77); 17 cases underwent palliative resection (group B, n = 17), and 21 cases underwent liver transplantation (group C, n = 21) with 12 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation and 9 cases of liver autotransplantation.The postoperative complication rate of radical hepatic resection group was 13.0% (10/77), which is statistically significant (P < .05) than the rate of palliative resection group 29.4% (5/17) or liver transplantation group 23.8% (5/21). The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 72 months. The overall median survival rate of radical resection was 72/77, higher than the rate of palliative group (12/17) or transplantation group (17/21), which was also statistically significant (P < .01).In our study, we believe in that all stages of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis should take active surgical interventions, and radical hepatic resection should be considered as the first-choice treatment for early stage of alveolar echinococcosis, while palliative surgery is still helpful to relieve symptoms and improve the life quality for advanced patients. Liver transplantation might also be an alternative option for the late-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose Hepática/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Surg Endosc ; 32(5): 2454-2465, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29124405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LigaSure has been reported as a safe and effective approach for parenchymal transection in open hepatectomy; however, its roles in laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) with liver cirrhosis have not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of LigaSure vs. Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA) for LH in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 135 HCC patients with background cirrhosis who underwent pure LH using CUSA (n = 55) or LigaSure (n = 80) for parenchymal transection between January 2015 and May 2017 at West China Hospital of Sichuan University. We performed 1:1 propensity score matching between the LigaSure and CUSA groups. Subsequently, 48 patients were included in each group. RESULTS: The mean parenchymal transection time (74.3 ± 23.6 vs. 86.3 ± 25.8 min, P = 0.019) in the LigaSure group was obviously shorter than that in the CUSA group. The LigaSure did not increase the intraoperative blood loss or blood transfusion requirement when compared with CUSA. Moreover, the degree of postoperative reperfusion injury and complications were not significantly different between the two groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding 2-year overall survival rate or disease-free survival rate. In addition, the total hospitalization costs (P = 0.032) and intraoperative costs (P = 0.006) per case were significantly lower in the LigaSure group than those in the CUSA group. CONCLUSION: The two devices were safe and effective for LH in patients with cirrhosis. The LigaSure method may be a simple, feasible, and cost-effective surgical technique for LH in selected HCC patients with cirrhosis.

17.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 22(3): 496-502, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little information concerning futile liver resection for patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B/C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to establish a predictive model of futile liver resection for patients with BCLC stage B/C HCC. METHODS: The outcomes of 484 patients with BCLC stage B/C HCC who underwent liver resection at our centre between 2010 and 2016 were reviewed. Patients were randomised and divided 2:1 into training and validation sets. A novel risk-scoring model and prognostic nomogram were developed based on the results of multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-seven futile operations were observed. Multivariate analyses revealed tumour numbers > 3, Vp4 portal vein tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) > 400 ng/ml independently associated with futile liver resection. A risk-scoring model based on the above-mentioned factors was developed (predictive risk score = 1 × (if AFP > 400 ng/ml) + 2 × (if tumour number > 3) + 3 × (if with Vp4 PVTT)). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of this model was 0.845, with a sensitivity of 60.0% and a specificity of 94.8%. A prognostic nomogram was also developed and achieved a C-index of 0.831. The validation studies optically supported these results. CONCLUSION: A risk-scoring model and predictive nomogram for futile liver resection were developed in the present study. T`he BCLC stage B/C HCC patients with a high risk obtained no benefit from liver resection.

18.
World J Surg ; 42(6): 1841-1847, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29138913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade has been validated as a simple, evidence-based, and objective prognostic tool for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, minimal information is available concerning postoperative ALBI grade changes in HCC. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of postoperative ALBI grade changes in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC within the Milan criteria after liver resection. METHODS: Patients with HBV-related HCC within the Milan criteria who underwent liver resection between 2010 and 2016 at West China Hospital were reviewed (N = 258). A change in ALBI grade was defined as first postoperative month ALBI grade-preoperative ALBI grade. If the value was >0, postoperative worsening of ALBI grade was considered; otherwise, stable ALBI grade was considered. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to determine the factors that influence recurrence and survival. RESULTS: During the follow-up, 130 patients experienced recurrence and 47 patients died. Multivariate analyses revealed that postoperative worsening of ALBI grade (HR 1.541, 95% CI 1.025-2.318, P = 0.038), microvascular invasion (MVI, HR 1.802, 95% CI 1.205-2.695, P = 0.004), and multiple tumors (HR 1.676, 95% CI 1.075-2.615, P = 0.023) were associated with postoperative recurrence, whereas MVI (HR 2.737, 95% CI 1.475-5.080, P = 0.001), postoperative worsening of ALBI grade (HR 2.268, 95% CI 1.227-4.189, P = 0.009), high alpha-fetoprotein level (HR 2.055, 95% CI 1.136-3.716, P = 0.017), and transfusion (HR 2.597, 95% CI 1.395-4.834, P = 0.003) negatively influenced long-term survival. Patients with postoperative worsening of ALBI grade exhibited increased incidence of recurrence and worse long-term survival. CONCLUSION: Postoperative worsening of ALBI grade was associated with increased recurrence and poorer overall survival for patients with HBV-related HCC within the Milan criteria. We should pay attention to liver function changes in HCC patients after liver resection.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Hepatite B/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 24(48): 5525-5536, 2018 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30622380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the shortage of suitable liver grafts for liver transplantation, proper use of hepatitis B core antibody-positive livers might be a possible way to enlarge the donor pool and to save patients with end-stage liver diseases. However, the safety of hepatitis B virus core antibody positive (HBcAb+) donors has been controversial. Initial studies were mainly conducted overseas with relatively small numbers of HBcAb+ liver recipients, and there are few relevant reports in the population of mainland China. We hypothesized that the safety of HBcAb+ liver grafts is not suboptimal. AIM: To evaluate the safety of using hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antibody-positive donors for liver transplantation in Chinese patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 1071 patients who underwent liver transplantation consecutively from 2005 to 2016 at West China Hospital Liver Transplantation Center. Given the imbalance in several baseline variables, propensity score matching was used, and the outcomes of all recipients were reviewed in this study. RESULTS: In the whole population, 230 patients received HBcAb+ and 841 patients received HBcAb negative (HBcAb-) liver grafts. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates in patients and grafts between the two groups were similar (patient survival: 85.8% vs 87.2%, 77.4% vs 81.1%, 72.4% vs 76.7%, log-rank test, P = 0.16; graft survival: 83.2% vs 83.6%, 73.8% vs 75.9%, 70.8% vs 74.4%, log-rank test, P = 0.19). After propensity score matching, 210 pairs of patients were generated. The corresponding 1-, 3- and 5-year patient and graft survival rates showed no significant differences. Further studies illustrated that the post-transplant major complication rates and liver function recovery after surgery were also similar. In addition, multivariate regression analysis in the original cohort and propensity score-matched Cox analysis demonstrated that receiving HBcAb+ liver grafts was not a significant risk factor for long-term survival. These findings were consistent in both HBV surface antigen-positive (HBsAg+) and HBsAg negative (HBsAg-) patients.Newly diagnosed HBV infection had a relatively higher incidence in HBsAg- patients with HBcAb+ liver grafts (13.23%), in which HBV naive recipients suffered most (31.82%), although this difference did not affect patient and graft survival (P = 0.50 and P = 0.49, respectively). Recipients with a high HBV surface antibody (anti-HBs) titer (more than 100 IU/L) before transplantation and antiviral prophylaxis with nucleos(t)ide antiviral agents post-operation, such as nucleos(t)ide antiviral agents, had lower de novo HBV infection risks. CONCLUSION: HBcAb+ liver grafts do not affect the long-term outcome of the recipients. Combined with proper postoperative antiviral prophylaxis, utilization of HBcAb+ grafts is rational and feasible.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos/virologia , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Fígado/virologia , Adulto , Aloenxertos/provisão & distribução , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , China/epidemiologia , Seleção do Doador/normas , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B/transmissão , Hepatite B/virologia , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Humanos , Incidência , Fígado/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos
20.
Oncotarget ; 8(49): 85599-85611, 2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156744

RESUMO

Background: There is paucity of information concerning whether AFP change is a predictor of prognosis for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (RHCC) patients after trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods: A total of 177 RHCC patients who received TACE as first-line therapy were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were classified into three groups according to their pre-TACE and post-TACE AFP levels (group A: AFP decreased, group B: AFP consistent normal, and group C: AFP increased). The recurrence to death survival (RTDS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for OS and RTDS. Results: There was no significant difference among the three groups concerning the baseline characteristics. The median overall survival (OS) was 74.5 months in group A (95% confidence interval (CI): 63.5, 85.6), 64.0 months in group B (95% CI: 52.3, 75.7) and 29.0 months in group C (95% CI: 24.1, 33.9; P<0.001). The median recurrence to death survival (RTDS) was 66.5 months (95% CI: 53.4, 79.6) in group A, 50.4 months (95% CI: 39.5, 61.4) in group B and 17.7 months (95% CI: 13.4, 22.1; P<0.001) in group C. Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor size at resection stage, tumor number at recurrent stage, cycles of TACE, mRECIST response and AFP change after TACE were significant independent risk factors for RTDS and OS. Conclusions: AFP change could predict the prognoses of patients with RHCC who received trans-arterial chemoembolization, which may help clinicians make subsequent treatment decision.

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