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1.
Diagn Pathol ; 14(1): 68, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BCL2 protein inhibitor venetoclax (ABT-199) has been authorized by Food and Drug Administration for relapsed/refractory chronic lymphoid leukemia with 17p deletion. Although venetoclax/ABT-199 also caused cell death in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), whether it could be applied to clinical treatment needs further studies. Here, we revealed clinical implication of BCL2 overexpression in de novo adult AML, and may provide theoretical basis for targeted therapy using venetoclax. METHODS: BCL2 expression was analyzed in adult AML patients from public datasets The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and confirmed by another independent cohort from our own data. RESULTS: BCL2 expression showed up-regulated in AML patients among TCGA data and confirmed by our own data. BCL2 overexpression was correlated with FAB-M0/M1, whereas BCL2 under-expression was related to FAB-M5. However, BCL2 expression has no effect on overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) of AML patients (determined in BCL2low and BCL2high groups). Interestingly, in the BCL2low group, patients undergoing autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto/allo-HSCT) had significantly better OS and LFS compared with patients only received chemotherapy, whereas, no significant difference was found in OS and LFS between chemotherapy and auto/allo-HSCT patients in the BCL2high group. BCL2 expression was found positively correlated with HOX family gene, and negatively correlated with tumor suppressor microRNA such as miR-195, miR-497, and miR-193b. CONCLUSIONS: BCL2 overexpression identified specific FAB subtypes of AML, but it did not affect prognosis. Patients with BCL2 overexpression did not benefit from auto/allo-HSCT among whole-cohort-AML and cytogenetically normal AML.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(10): 3376-3391, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147526

RESUMO

MircoRNA-335 (miR-335) has been reported as a significant cancer-associated microRNA, which was often epigenetically silenced and acted as a tumor suppressor gene in diverse human solid tumors. Conversely, recent studies show that miR-335 overexpression was identified in both adult and pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML), suggesting that it might play an oncogenic role of miR-335 in AML. However, the role of miR-335 during leukemogenesis remains to be elucidated. MiR-335/ID4 expression was detected by real-time quantitative PCR and/or western blot. Survival analysis was performed to explore the association between miR-335/ID4 expression and the prognosis, and further validated by public databases. Gain-of-function experiments determined by cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation were conducted to investigate the biological functions of miR-335/ID4. Herein, we found that miR-335 expression, independent of its methylation, was significantly increased and negatively correlated with reduced ID4 expression in AML. Moreover, aberrant miR-335/ID4 expression independently affected chemotherapy response and leukemia-free/overall survival in patients with AML. Gain-of-function experiments in vitro showed the oncogenic role of miR-335 by affecting cell apoptosis and proliferation in AML, and could be rescued by ID4 restoration. Mechanistically, we identified and verified that miR-335/ID4 contributed to leukemogenesis through activating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Collectively, aberrant miR-335/ID4 expression was an independent prognostic biomarker in AML. MiR-335/ID4 dysregulation facilitated leukemogenesis through the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

3.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 102, 2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leukemia stem cell (LSC)-enriched genes have been shown to be highly prognostic in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic value of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) that are repressed early in LSC remains largely unknown. METHODS: We compared the public available expression/methylation profiling data of LSCs with that of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), in order to identify potential tumor suppressor genes in LSC. The prognostic relevance of PCDH17 was analyzed on a cohort of 173 AML patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and further validated in three independent cohorts (n = 339). RESULTS: We identified protocadherin17 (PCDH17) and demonstrated that it was significantly down-regulated and hypermethylated in LSCs compared with HSCs. Our analyses of primary AML patient samples also confirmed these deregulations. Clinically, low PCDH17 expression was associated with female sex (P = 0.01), higher WBC (P < 0.0001), higher percentages of blasts in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) (P = 0.04 and < 0.001, respectively), presence of FLT3-internal tandem duplications (P = 0.002), mutated NPM1 (P = 0.02), and wild-type TP53 (P = 0.005). Moreover, low PCDH17 expression predicted worse overall survival (OS) in four independent cohorts as well as in the molecularly defined subgroups of AML patients. In multivariable analyses, low PCDH17 expression retained independent prognostic value for OS. Biologically, PCDH17 expression-associated gene signatures were characterized by deregulations of EMT- and Wnt pathway-related genes. CONCLUSIONS: PCDH17 gene was silenced by DNA methylation in AML. Low PCDH17 expression is associated with distinct clinical and biological features and improves risk stratification in patients with AML.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(5): 3317-3324, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793488

RESUMO

The clinical activity of decitabine (5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, DAC), a hypomethylating agent, has been demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. However, secondary resistance to this agent often occurs during treatment and leads to treatment failure. It is important to clarify the mechanisms underlying the resistance for improving the efficacy. In this study, by gradually increasing concentration after a continuous induction of DAC, we established the DAC-resistant K562 cell line (K562/DAC) from its parental cell line K562. The proliferation and survival rate of K562/DAC was significantly increased, whereas the apoptosis rate was remarkably decreased than that of K562 after DAC treatment. In K562/DAC, a total of 108 genes were upregulated and 118 genes were downregulated by RNA-Seq. In addition, we also observed aberrant expression of DDX43/H19/miR-186 axis (increased DDX43/H19 and decreased miR-186) in K562/DAC cells. Ectopic expression of DDX43 in parental K562 cells rendered cells resistant to the DAC. Taken together, we successfully established DAC-resistant K562 cell line which can serve as a good model for investigating DAC resistance mechanisms, and DDX43/H19/miR-186 may be involved in DAC resistance in K562.

5.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(2): 322-328, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SOX7 downregulation caused by its promoter methylation was associated with poor survival in several types of human solid tumors. However, the pattern of SOX7 methylation and its clinical significance are less studied in hematological malignancies. Herein, we evaluated the methylation pattern of SOX7 in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and determined its clinical implication in patients with MDS. METHODS: SOX7 methylation was determined by real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) in 99 MDS patients. Bisulfite sequencing PCR was applied to confirm the results of RQ-MSP. RESULTS: SOX7 methylation was detected in 55.6% of 99 patients but not in healthy donors. No correlation was found between SOX7 methylation and clinical parameters including patient age, gender, white blood cell count, hemoglobin, and platelet count. However, patients with SOX7 methylation harbored more U2AF1 mutation than patients without SOX7 methylation (P = 0.015). Kaplan-Meier curves indicated that the patients with SOX7 methylation presented reduced overall survival (OS) (P = 0.034). Furthermore, subgroup analysis indicated that SOX7 methylation was associated with poor OS in male patients (P = 0.034) and in patients older than 60 years (P = 0.019). According to the multivariate analysis, SOX7 methylation remained as an independent prognosis factor in MDS patients both as dichotomous (HR = 2.14, P = 0.041) and as continuous (HR = 1.55, P = 0.042) variable. Importantly, SOX7 methylation was significantly increased during progression from MDS to secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated that SOX7 methylation conferred adverse prognosis in MDS patients and was associated with leukemia progression.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXF/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(12): 9584-9593, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30132837

RESUMO

Previous studies have been indicated that integrin α2 (ITGA2) may be important in cell migration, invasion, survival, and angiogenesis. However, the correlation between ITGA2 expression and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still unclear. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was carried out to analyze ITGA2 messenger RNA level. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bisulfite sequencing PCR were performed to detect the methylation of ITGA2 promoter. ITGA2 expression was significantly upregulated in 134 de novo AML patients compared with 33 controls (p = 0.007). ITGA2high group had markedly lower complete remission (CR) rate than ITGA2low group (p = 0.011). Furthermore, the overall survival in ITGA2high patients was significantly shorter than ITGA2low patients throughout AML cohort, non-acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and cytogenetic normal-AML (p = 0.001, 0.002, and 0.044, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed that ITGA2 overexpression served as an independent prognostic factor in both whole-cohort AML patients (p = 0.018) and non-APL AML patients (p = 0.021). Besides, ITGA2 expression level was significantly decreased in AML patients after CR (p = 0.011), and was returned at the time of relapse phase (p = 0.021). Moreover, unmethylated ITGA2 promoter was identified in normal controls, leukemia cell lines, and primary leukemia cells with low or high ITGA2 expression. In conclusions, methylation-independent ITGA2 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in AML.

7.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 135, 2018 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing studies showed that miR-200 family (miR-200s) clusters are aberrantly expressed in multiple human cancers, and miR-200s clusters function as tumor suppressor genes by affecting cell proliferation, self-renewal, differentiation, division and apoptosis. Herein, we aimed to investigate the expression and clinical implication of miR-200s clusters in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: RT-qPCR was performed to detect expression of miR-200s clusters in 19 healthy donors, 98 newly diagnosed AML patients, and 35 AML patients achieved complete remission (CR). RESULTS: Expression of miR-200a/200b/429 cluster but not miR-200c/141 cluster was decreased in newly diagnosed AML patients as compared to healthy donors and AML patients achieved CR. Although no significant differences were observed between miR-200s clusters and most of the features, low expression of miR-200s clusters seems to be associated with higher white blood cells especially for miR-200a/200b. Of the five members of miR-200s clusters, low expression of miR-200b/429/200c was found to be associated with lower CR rate. Logistic regression analysis further revealed that low expression of miR-429 acted as an independent risk factor for CR in AML. Based on Kaplan-Meier analysis, low expression of miR-200b/429/200c was associated with shorter OS, whereas miR-200a/141 had a trend. Moreover, multivariate analysis of Cox regression models confirmed the independently prognostic value of miR-200b expression for OS in AML. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of miR-200a/200b/429 cluster was frequently down-regulated in AML, and low expression of miR-429 as an independent risk factor for CR, whereas low expression of miR-200b as an independent prognostic biomarker for OS.

8.
Clin Epigenetics ; 10: 47, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29643943

RESUMO

Background: The long non-coding RNA H19 plays a crucial role in solid tumor initiation and progression. However, the potential role of H19 and its clinical significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain largely elusive. Methods: H19 expression was detected by qPCR, and clinical significance in AML patients was further analyzed. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data for AML were used as validation cohorts. The roles of H19 in cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by cell proliferation assay and flow cytometry analysis. Results: H19 expression was significantly increased in AML patients but not associated with embedded miR-675 expression. Moreover, H19 overexpression was not dependent on the methylation pattern in H19 differentially methylated region/imprinting control region. Strong association was observed between H19 overexpression and patients' characteristics including sex, higher white blood cells, older age, and intermediate karyotype, FLT3-ITD, and DNMT3A mutations. In addition, H19 overexpression correlated with lower complete remission (CR) rate and shorter overall survival, and further confirmed by multivariate analyses. Importantly, the prognostic effect of H19 expression was validated by TCGA and GEO data. In the follow-up of patients, H19 expression in CR phase was lower than diagnosis time and returned at relapse time. Loss-of-function experiments showed that H19 exhibited anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in leukemic cell HL60. Furthermore, H19 expression was positively correlated with potential downstream gene ID2 in AML. Conclusions: Our findings revealed that methylation-independent H19 was a prognostic and predictive biomarker in AML, and H19/ID2 played crucial roles in leukemogenesis with potential therapeutic target value.

9.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(6): 896-901, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The liver-enriched microRNA-122 (miR-122) plays a crucial role in pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with prognostic value. Recently, miR-122 was also found to be related to many other cancers besides HCC. However, less study determined miR-122 expression and its clinical significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to detect the level of bone marrow (BM) miR-122 in de novo AML patients. The clinical significance of miR-122 expression in AML was further investigated. RESULTS: Among whole-cohort AML, lower expression of BM miR-122 was associated with male patients, higher hemoglobin and favorable-karyotypes (P = 0.038, 0.006, and 0.038, respectively). Among cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML), lower expression of BM miR-122 was correlated with DNMT3A wild type (P = 0.043). Moreover, patients with lower expression of BM miR-122 presented lower complete remission (CR) rate and shorter overall survival (OS) than those with higher expression of BM miR-122 in CN-AML (P = 0.025 and 0.013, respectively). Cox regression analyses further confirmed the prognostic value of BM miR-122 expression in CN-AML (P = 0.024). In follow-up patients, BM miR-122 expression level in CR time was increased compared to diagnosis time, and was returned to primary level when in relapse time again (P = 0.062 and 0.049, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that lower expression of BM miR-122 acted as an independent risk factor for OS in CN-AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
10.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(5): 706-712, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatic mutations in SETBP1 gene have recently been detected in hematologic malignancies. The present study aimed to explore the frequency and clinical correlations of SETBP1 mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: In this study, we used high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) to detect the SETBP1 mutations in a cohort of 363 patients with AML or MDS. RESULTS: A total of 1.2% (3/249) of AML and 1.8% (2/114) of MDS patients were found with heterozygous SETBP1 mutations. In AML, patients with SETBP1 mutations showed higher hemoglobin (P = 0.004) and were more frequently recurrent in AML-M4 subtype (P = 0.034). All five SETBP1 mutated patients had normal karyotypes. The patients with SETBP1 mutations had significantly higher incidences of concurrent SRSF2 mutations (P = 0.002). HRMA could detect SETBP1 mutations with 5% sensitivity, obviously higher than 25% of Sanger sequencing. CONCLUSIONS: We established a rapid, inexpensive, high-throughput and sensitive method to screen SETBP1 mutations. SETBP1 mutations were a rare molecular event in AML and MDS patients.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética
11.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(3): 361-367, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496308

RESUMO

Activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling played a crucial role in tumorigenesis, and ß-catenin (CTNNB1) overexpression has been identified in numerous solid tumors. The present study was designed to determine CTNNB1 expression and its clinical significance in Chinese de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Real-time quantitative PCR was carried out to detect the pattern of CTNNB1 expression in 140 AML patients and 46 controls. The level of CTNNB1 transcript in AML patients was significantly up-regulated compared with controls (P < 0.001). CTNNB1high patients showed significantly older age than CTNNB1low patients (P < 0.05). The frequency of high CTNNB1 expression was significantly observed in patients with intermediate/poor karyotypes. CTNNB1high patients had a significantly lower complete remission (CR) rate than CTNNB1low patients (P = 0.004). Among cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML), CTNNB1high patients presented significantly shorter overall survival (OS, P = 0.004) and leukemia-free survival (LFS, P = 0.038) than CTNNB1low patients. Multivariate analysis confirmed that CTNNB1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OS among CN-AML. Moreover, CTNNB1 expression level significantly decreased after CR stage (P = 0.032) and increased in relapsed stage (P = 0.015). Our findings suggest that CTNNB1 is overexpressed and confers a poor prognosis in AML, and could be used as a biomarker in monitoring disease recurrence.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , beta Catenina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Criança , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Cariotipagem/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Mol Carcinog ; 57(6): 735-744, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457658

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to investigate SCIN expression as well as promoter methylation and further explore their clinical relevance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Real-time quantitative PCR was carried out to detect the expression level of SCIN in 119 AML patients and 37 healthy controls. Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing PCR were carried out to detect SCIN promoter methylation levels in 103 AML patients and 29 controls. As compared with controls, the level of SCIN transcript was significantly down-regulated in AML patients (P = 0.001), and the level of methylated SCIN promoter was significantly higher in AML patients (P = 0.001). Moreover, the level of promoter methylation was weakly negatively correlated with SCIN expression in AML patients (R = -0.265, P = 0.027). Demethylation of SCIN promoter by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine could restore its expression in leukemic cell line THP1. The age of SCINlow patients was significantly higher and C/EBPA mutation was significantly less than SCINhigh patients (P = 0.039 and 0.038, respectively). Moreover, the rate of complete remission (CR) of SCINlow patients was significantly lower than SCINhigh patients (P = 0.009). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that low SCIN expression was associated with shorter overall survival (P = 0.036). Cox regression analysis demonstrated low SCIN expression was an independent poor prognostic factor (P = 0.047). Furthermore, SCIN expression was restored in those patients who achieved CR after induction therapy (P = 0.003). These findings indicate that decreased SCIN expression associated with its promoter methylation is a valuable biomarker for predicting adverse prognosis in AML patients.

13.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(6): 4707-4714, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115660

RESUMO

CHFR acts as a tumor suppressor gene, which is frequently inactivated caused by its promoter hypermethylation in various solid tumors. Although a recent study showed that CHFR hypermethylation was a frequent event in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and correlated with adverse clinical outcome, herein, we found that CHFR methylation was a rare event in patients with myeloid malignancies (including AML, chronic myeloid leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndromes), but its expression may serve as an independent prognostic biomarker in AML. CHFR expression was assessed by real-time quantitative PCR, whereas CHFR methylation was detected by methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing PCR. In AML patients, lower CHFR expression was associated with lower complete remission (CR) rate, and CHFR expression was significantly increased in CR after chemotherapy. Moreover, patients with lower CHFR expression showed shorter overall survival and leukemia-free survival, and multivariate analysis confirmed that lower CHFR expression was an independent risk factor in AML. Importantly, the prognostic value of CHFR expression was validated using the published Gene Expression Omnibus datasets. Notably, CHFR promoter was nearly unmethylated in patients with myeloid malignancies. Our findings revealed that lower CHFR expression was independently associated with unfavorable prognosis in AML. Moreover, aberrant CHFR promoter methylation was a rare event in myeloid malignances.

14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(1): 169-173, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29254789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating studies have linked the disruptions of microRNA-10 (miR-10) to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with NPM1 mutation. However, miR-10 expression and its clinical implication in AML remain poorly defined. Although a recent report showed high serum level of miR-10a was associated with adverse prognosis in AML, herein, we found bone marrow (BM) miR-10 overexpression was not a prognostic biomarker in AML. METHODS: BM miR-10 expression was examined by real-time quantitative PCR in BM mononuclear cells in 115 de novo AML patients and 45 controls. RESULTS: BM miR-10 (miR-10a/b) expression was significantly up-regulated in AML patients, and was positively correlated with each other. Overexpression of miR-10a was associated with lower percentage of BM blasts, whereas miR-10b overexpression tended to correlate with higher percentage of BM blasts. Importantly, miR-10a overexpression was significantly associated with FAB-M3/t(15;17) subtypes and NPM1 mutation, meanwhile, overexpression of miR-10b was correlated with NPM1 and DNMT3A mutations. However, miR-10a/b overexpression was not associated with complete remission rate, and did not have an impact on both leukemia free survival and overall survival time in non-M3 AML patients without NPM1 mutation. CONCLUSIONS: BM miR-10 overexpression is associated with genetic events but not affects clinical outcome in AML.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/metabolismo
15.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(3): 2444-2450, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28776669

RESUMO

Previous study has revealed that H19 expression is required for efficient tumor growth induced by BCR-ABL in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Herein, we further determined H19 expression and its clinical implication in patients with CML. H19 expression and methylation were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR, and then clinical implication of H19 expression was further analyzed. H19 expression was significantly up-regulated in CML patients (p < 0.001). H19 expression with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve value of 0.824 might serve as a promising biomarker in distinguishing CML patients from controls. The patients with high H19 expression had a tendency of higher white blood cells and BCR-ABL transcript than those with low H19 expression. H19 overexpression occurred with the higher frequency in blast crisis stage (11/11, 100%), lower in accelerated phase (3/5, 60%), and chronic phase (42/62, 66%) stages. Moreover, paired patients during disease progression with increased BCR-ABL transcript also showed a significant upregulation of H19 expression. Meanwhile, H19 expression was decreased in follow-up patients who achieved complete molecular remission after tyrosine kinase inhibitors-based therapy. Epigenetic studies showed that H19 differentially methylated region/imprinting control region (DMR/ICR) was hypomethylated and associated with H19 expression in CML patients. Moreover, demethylation of H19 DMR/ICR reactivated H19 expression in K562 cells. Collectively, H19 overexpression, a frequent event in CML, was associated with higher BCR-ABL transcript involving in disease progression. Moreover, H19 DMR/ICR hypomethylation in CML may be one of the mechanisms mediating H19 overexpression.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(8): 5838-5846, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29219176

RESUMO

TET2 (Ten-Eleven Translocation 2) gene is a member of TET family that can modify DNA through catalyzing the conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) into 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). Although TET2 mutation has been disclosed in a variety of hematopoietic malignancies, the prognostic implication of TET2 expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains largely elusive. In this study, real-time quantitative PCR was carried out to detect the level of TET2 transcript in 134 de novo AML patients and 35 healthy donors. TET2 mRNA level was significantly down-regulated in AML patients compared with controls (p = 0.010). Among the French-American-British (FAB) subtypes, the incidence of TET2 under-expression in M0/M1 subtypes was significantly higher than in the other subtypes M2/M3/M4/M5/M6 (p = 0.017), and also markedly higher than in the other granulocyte subtypes M2/M3 (p = 0.005). TET2 low-expressed patients showed a significantly higher frequency of NPM1 mutations than TET2 high-expressed patients. Although there was no significant difference in complete remission rate between two groups (low and high TET2 expression), patients with low TET2 expression had markedly shorter overall survival (OS) in both non-M3 and cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) (p = 0.016 and 0.044, respectively). Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed the prognostic value of TET2 expression on OS among CN-AML patients (p = 0.049). Importantly, TET2 expression in complete remission (CR) time was significantly higher than newly diagnosis time (p = 0.001), and was returned to lower level when in relapse time (p < 0.001). These findings indicated that down-regulation of TET2 expression was a common event and acted as a prognostic and predictive biomarker in CN-AML patients.

17.
Oncotarget ; 8(54): 91979-91989, 2017 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190891

RESUMO

Dysregulation of ID proteins is a frequent event in various human cancers and has a direct role in cancer initiation, maintenance, progression and drug resistance. Our previous study has revealed ID1 expression and its prognostic value in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Herein, we further reported ID2 expression and its clinical significance in AML. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to detect ID2 transcript level in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 145 de novo AML patients. ID2 expression was significantly up-regulated in AML patients compared with controls. ID2 overexpression occurred with the highest frequency in poor karyotype (10/17, 59%), lower in intermediate karyotype (35/83, 42%), and the lowest in favorable karyotype (7/40, 18%). Moreover, high ID2 expression correlated with lower complete remission (CR) rate, shorter overall survival, and acted as an independent prognostic biomarker in whole-cohort AML and non-M3-AML patients. Importantly, the prognostic value of ID2 expression in AML was validated by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. In the follow-up of patients, ID2 expression at CR phase was decreased than at the time of diagnosis, and was increased again at the time of relapse. These findings demonstrated that bone marrow ID2 overexpression was a frequent event in AML patients, and predicts poor chemotherapy response and prognosis.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 10: 3635-3644, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28790854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) as Wnt signaling antagonists have been found to be dysregulated by promoter hypermethylation in several cancers including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study aimed to investigate the methylated status of SFRPs promoter region and its clinical relevance in Chinese non-M3 AML patients. METHODS: SFRPs methylation in 139 primary non-M3 AML patients was determined using methylation-specific real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The frequency of aberrant methylation was as follows: 30.2% for SFRP1, 27.3% for SFRP2, 5.0% for SFRP4, and 1.4% for SFRP5. Hypermethylation of at least one SFRP gene occurred in 51.8% (72/139) of non-M3 AML patient samples, which was significantly higher compared to normal control (0/21) (P<0.001). Hypermethylation of SFRP1 was potentially associated with N/K-RAS mutations (P=0.043), and the frequency of SFRPs methylation was higher in patients ≥50 years compared to those <50 years, especially for SFRP2 (P<0.05). Furthermore, both whole cohort and cytogenetically normal (CN) patients with high SFRPs-methylated group showed a shorter overall survival (OS) compared to those with low group (P=0.036 and P=0.035, respectively). Moreover, Cox regression multivariate analysis revealed that SFRPs hypermethylation acts as an independent prognostic biomarker among both whole cohort (hazard ratio =1.804, P=0.026) and CN (hazard ratio =2.477, P=0.023) patients. In leukemic cell line HL60 treated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, the alteration of SFRP1/2 expression inversely correlated with change in SFRP1/2 methylation (r=-0.975, P=0.005 and r=-0.975, P=0.005, respectively). A tendency of negative correlation was observed between SFRP1 expression and its promoter methylation in AML patients (r=-0.334, P=0.038). CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that hypermethylation of SFRP1/2 was a frequent event and silenced SFRP1/2 expression in AML. Moreover, hypermethylation of SFRPs promoter was an adverse risk factor for OS in Chinese non-M3 AML patients.

19.
Oncotarget ; 8(25): 41498-41507, 2017 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28489568

RESUMO

Elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have limited treatment options concerned about their overall fitness and potential treatment related mortality. Although a number of clinical trials demonstrated benefits of decitabine treatment in elderly AML patients, the results remains controversial. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate efficacy and safety of decitabine in treatment of elderly AML patients. Eligible studies were identified from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. Nine published studies were included in the meta-analysis, enrolling 718 elderly AML patients. The efficacy outcomes were complete remission (CR), overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS). Safety was evaluated based on treatment related grades 3-4 adverse events (AEs) and early death (ED) rate. Pooled estimates with 95% confidence interval (CI) for CR, ORR and OS were 27% (95% CI 19%-36%), 37% (95% CI 28%-47%) and 8.09 months (95% CI 5.77-10.41), respectively. The estimated treatment related early death (ED) incidences were within 30-days 7% (95% CI 2%-11%) and 60-days 17% (95% CI 11%-22%), respectively. Thrombocytopenia was the most common grades 3-4 AEs. Subgroup analyses of age, cytogenetics risk, AML type and bone marrow blast percentage showed no significant differences of treatment response to decitabine. In conclusion, decitabine is an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic alternative with acceptable side effects in elderly AML patients.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/análogos & derivados , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Decitabina , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino
20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 21(8): 1468-1481, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28452111

RESUMO

Promoter hypermethylation-mediated inactivation of ID4 plays a crucial role in the development of solid tumours. This study aimed to investigate ID4 methylation and its clinical relevance in myeloid malignancies. ID4 hypermethylation was associated with higher IPSS scores, but was not an independent prognostic biomarker affecting overall survival (OS) in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, ID4 hypermethylation correlated with shorter OS and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) time and acted as an independent risk factor affecting OS in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Moreover, ID4 methylation was significantly decreased in the follow-up paired AML patients who achieved complete remission (CR) after induction therapy. Importantly, ID4 methylation was increased during MDS progression to AML and chronic phase (CP) progression to blast crisis (BC) in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Epigenetic studies showed that ID4 methylation might be one of the mechanisms silencing ID4 expression in myeloid leukaemia. Functional studies in vitro showed that restoration of ID4 expression could inhibit cell proliferation and promote apoptosis in both K562 and HL60 cells. These findings indicate that ID4 acts as a tumour suppressor in myeloid malignancies, and ID4 methylation is a potential biomarker in predicting disease progression and treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética , Proteínas Inibidoras de Diferenciação/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/análogos & derivados , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Metilação de DNA , Decitabina , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Diferenciação/metabolismo , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida
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