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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e18637, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049779

RESUMO

RATIONALE: To report a case of diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (DLTSC) for uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome (UGH). PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient developed UGH on the right eye (OD) after vitrectomy and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. DIAGNOSES: Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was HM/50 cm, intraocular pressure (IOP) was 51.3 mm Hg on the OD. He was found to have 3+ anterior chamber cells. A B-scan ultrasound showed vitreous opacity. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) showed the chafing between the IOL and the posterior surface of the iris. Thus, he was diagnosed as UGH on the OD. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was worried about the complications for removal of the IOL, a DLTSC approach was performed. OUTCOMES: BCVA was 20/40 on the OD, IOP was 12 mm Hg on the OD. There were no anterior chamber inflammation and no vitreous opacity. UBM showed there was no contact between IOL and the posterior surface of the iris, the fundus of the eye was clearly visible. LESSONS: UGH syndrome is a severe complication of cataract extraction. IOL extraction has been the traditional approach to treatment. DLTSC can be an option when the IOL is slightly tilted.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 253: 112641, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017949

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Moslae Herba, a common traditional Chinese herb with special flavor, has potential for treating respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases. AIM OF THIS STUDY: Lung endothelial barrier dysfunction (LEBD) accelerates the pathogenesis of influenza A virus (IAV)-induced secondary acute lung injury. New strategies against LEBD provide benefits in prevention and treatment of IAV. Previous studies showed that flavonoids (MHF), main bioactivity fraction derived from M. Herba, exerted anti-inflammatory and antiviral activities, but the underlying protection of MHF against IAV-induced acute lung injury remained obscure. The present study was to investigate the protection of MHF against IAV-induced LEBD in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were intranasally challenged with IAV and orally administered with MHF for 5 days. The pulmonary hyperpermeability of infected mice was evaluated by Evans Blue staining and in vivo imaging. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines and mediators were detected by ELISA assay. The transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMVECs) was measured by using TER meter. The expressions of key proteins in NOX4-mediated NF-κB/MLCK pathways were determined by western blotting. RESULTS: MHF treatment reduced lung index, W/D ratios, and serum levels of inflammatory factors (IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, PLA2, LBT4 and ICAM-1) in IAV-infected mice. Evans blue staining and in vivo imaging results revealed that MHF alleviated IAV-induced barrier dysfunction and pulmonary hyperpermeability. Moreover, luteolin and kaempferol, the main activity compounds in MHF, significantly inhibited TNF-α-induced HPMVEC apoptosis, and downregulated NF-κB/MLCK pathway by targeting NOX4. CONCLUSION: MHF attenuated IAV-induced barrier dysfunction by suppressing NOX4/NF-κB/MLCK pathway and may serve as a potential agent for the prevention of LEBD and IAV.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8954513, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047817

RESUMO

PBX3 (Pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 3) had been considered to be a multifunctional oncogene which involved in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis in leukemia and some solid tumors. However, the contribution of PBX3 to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remains unclear. In this study, we found that PBX3 expression was significantly upregulated in PTC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues, and high levels of PBX3 were correlated with tumor size, lymphatic metastasis, TMN stage, and poor prognosis of PTC patients. Overexpression of PBX3 in PTC cell lines promoted cell proliferation. Consistently, knockdown of PBX3 by shRNA induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase, and inhibited angiogenesis and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, PBX3 promoted PTC cell proliferation and angiogenesis through activation of AT1R/VEGFR2 pathway while overexpression of AT1R and treatment with VEGFA reversed PBX3-shRNA-induced decreased phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and its downstream (ERK1/2, AKT and Src). It demonstrated that PBX3 could be used as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for PTC.

4.
Semin Cell Dev Biol ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057664

RESUMO

Beta cells assume a fundamental role in maintaining blood glucose homeostasis through the secretion of insulin, which is contingent on both beta cell mass and function, in response to elevated blood glucose levels or secretagogues. For this reason, evaluating beta cell mass and function, as well as scrutinizing how they change over time in a diabetic state, are essential prerequisites in elucidating diabetes pathophysiology. Current clinical methods to measure human beta cell mass and/or function are largely lacking, indirect and sub-optimal, highlighting the continued need for noninvasive in vivo beta cell imaging technologies such as optical imaging techniques. While numerous probes have been developed and evaluated for their specificity to beta cells, most of them are more suited to visualize beta cell mass rather than function. In this review, we highlight the distinction between beta cell mass and function, and the importance of developing more probes to measure beta cell function. Additionally, we also explore various existing probes that can be employed to measure beta cell mass and function in vivo, as well as the caveats in probe development for in vivo beta cell imaging.

5.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 46, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tick Haemaphysalis longicornis exhibits two separate reproductive populations: bisexual and parthenogenetic, which have diploid and triploid karyotypes, respectively. The parthenogenetic population can undergo engorgement without copulation and produce viable female-only offspring with a longer incubation period than the bisexual population. Three enzymes, cathepsin B, cathepsin D and acid phosphatase, were found to be involved in vitellin degradation during the embryonic development of bisexual H. longicornis. However, the expression and activity profiles of these enzymes during the embryonic development of parthenogenetic ticks remain unknown. In the present study, the transcriptional expression profile, enzyme activity and roles in embryogenesis of the three enzymes during the embryonic development of parthenogenetic H. longicornis were investigated. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and fluorescence detection were used to analyze the dynamic changes in the three enzymes during embryogenesis. The roles of the three enzymes during embryogenesis were also explored using RNA interference (RNAi). RESULTS: The three enzymes were all expressed during embryonic development in parthenogenetic H. longicornis. The expression of cathepsin B was highest on day 15, whereas that of cathepsin D was highest on day 3 and the peak of acid phosphatase expression occurred on day 9. The activity of cathepsin B was highest on day 3 and lowest on day 5, then gradually increased and remained stable. Cathepsin D activity was highest on day 1 and showed a gradually decreasing trend, whereas acid phosphatase showed the opposite trend and reached a peak on day 23. RNA interference experiments in engorged female ticks revealed that there was no significant difference in the number of eggs laid, but the hatching rate of the eggs was significantly decreased. CONCLUSION: The three enzymes all play important roles in embryonic development of H. longicornis, but the expression patterns and changes in the activity of the enzymes in the bisexual and parthenogenetic populations are different. The results will help a better understanding of the similarities and differences underlying embryonic development in the bisexual and parthenogenetic populations and contribute to the future exploration of the development of the parthenogenetic population of H. longicornis.

6.
Mycologia ; : 1-11, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017669

RESUMO

Many Trichoderma species are cosmopolitan and widespread free-living fungi in various ecological environment, and many are economically important in the fields of agriculture and industry. However, carbon metabolism profiles of Trichoderma species have not been characterized in detail. In this study, Biolog FF MicroPlates were used to contrast carbon utilization and the differences among five Trichoderma species, each representing a unique phenotype. Their metabolic abilities varied greatly. Species producing cellulases and chitinases and with phosphate-solubilizing activities exhibited high efficiency of substrate utilization, whereas low efficiency was shown by saline-alkaline-tolerant species that metabolized simple carbon sources. Species producing cellulases at high levels may be specified to decompose and assimilate cellulose and hemicellulose in woody substrates, and those producing chitinases may have mycoparasitic roles. Species with plant growth-promoting traits are good at uptake of exudates from plant roots. Overall, metabolic models reflect nutritional adaptation of Trichoderma to diverse niches in nature.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020504

RESUMO

Whether intra-myocardial delivery of hydrogel can prevent post-infarct heart failure (HF) in a long follow-up period, especially after it is degraded, remains unclear. In this study, Dex-PCL-HEMA/PNIPAAm (DPHP) hydrogel was delivered into peri-infarct myocardium of rat when coronary artery was ligated, while PBS was employed as control. Twelve weeks later, compared with control, left ventricle remodeling was attenuated and cardiac function was preserved; serum brain natriuretic peptide, cardiac aldosterone, and pulmonary congestion were suppressed in hydrogel group. Pro-fibrogenic mRNA increased in infarct area while decreased in remote zone, as well as hypertrophic mRNA. These data proves DPHP hydrogel suppresses ventricular remodeling and HF by promoting fibrotic healing in infarct area and inhibiting reactive fibrosis and hypertrophy in remote zone. Timely intra-myocardial hydrogel implantation is an effective strategy to inhibit post-infarct cardiac remodeling and have a long-term beneficial effect even after it has been biodegraded.

8.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049072

RESUMO

The design and fabrication of economically viable anode catalysts for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) have been challenging issues in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) over the decades. In this work, a composite electrochemical catalyst of Pd-coupled Ag and ZnO for the possible replacement of expensive Pt catalysts in DMFCs is successfully prepared. The as-made Pd@Ag/ZnO exhibits specific activity, which is 1.8-fold, 2.8-fold, and 4.6-fold higher than that of a Pd/ZnO catalyst, 20% Pd/C catalyst and Pd black, respectively. The improvement of the catalytic mechanism is likely due to the synergistic interaction between Pd@Ag and ZnO. The density functional theory (DFT) calculation results confirm that Ag doped into Pd weakens the adsorption of CO, dramatically improving the capability to resist CO poisoning.

9.
Patient Educ Couns ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The quality of cancer-related information on social media (SM) is mixed, and exposure to inaccurate information may negatively affect knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. This study examines SM users' attention to simulated Facebook posts related to cancer and identifies message features associated with increased attention. METHODS: SM users (N = 53) participated in a mixed methods experimental study using eye-tracking technology, whereby participants' dwell time on message components was measured. Stimuli conditions included message format (narrative/non-narrative), information veracity, source (organization/individual), and cancer topic (HPV vaccine and sunscreen safety). RESULTS: Pixel-size adjusted analyses revealed that average dwell time was longer on posts attributed to individuals and on narrative-based posts. The source of the message received nearly the same amount of dwell time as the text. Dwell time on other message components did not significantly differ by condition. CONCLUSION: This study found that the source of a message attracted substantial attention, whereas other features were not associated with attention. The study illustrates how communication research can help us understand the processing of ubiquitous cancer-related messages on SM. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Health communication practitioners should consider message features that garner attention when developing efforts to facilitate the exchange of evidence-based information and to mitigate the harms of misinformation.

10.
Environ Health ; 19(1): 1, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke, especially ischemic stroke (IS), has been a severe public health problem around the world. However, the association between air pollution and ischemic stroke remains ambiguous. METHODS: A total of 63, 997 IS cases aged 18 years or above in Shenzhen were collected from 2008 to 2014. We used the time-stratified case-crossover design combining with distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) to estimate the association between air pollution and IS onset. Furthermore, this study explored the variability across gender and age groups. RESULTS: The cumulative exposure-response curves were J-shaped for SO2, NO2 and PM10, and V-shaped for O3, and crossed over the relative risk (RR) of one. The 99th, 50th (median) and 1st percentiles of concentration (µg/m3) respectively were 37.86, 10.06, 3.71 for SO2, 116.26, 41.29, 18.51 for NO2, 145.94, 48.29, 16.14 for PM10, and 111.57, 49.82, 16.00 for O3. Extreme high-SO2, high-NO2, high-PM10, high-O3, and low-O3 concentration increased the risk of IS, with the maximum RR values and 95% CIs: 1.50(1.22, 1.84) (99th vs median) at 0-12 lag days, 1.37(1.13, 1.67) (99th vs median) at 0-10 lag days, 1.26(1.04, 1.53) (99th vs median) at 0-12 lag days, 1.25(1.04, 1.49) (99th vs median) at 0-14 lag days, and 1.29(1.03, 1.61) (1st vs median) at 0-14 lag days, respectively. The statistically significant minimal RR value and 95% CI was 0.79(0.66,0.94) at 0-10 lag days for extreme low-PM10. The elderly aged over 65 years were susceptible to extreme pollution conditions. Difference from the vulnerability of males to extreme high-SO2, high-NO2 and low-O3, females were vulnerable to extreme high-PM10 and high-O3. Comparing with the elderly, adults aged 18-64 year were immune to extreme low-NO2 and low-PM10. However, no association between CO and IS onset was found. CONCLUSIONS: SO2, NO2, PM10 and O3 exerted non-linear and delayed influence on IS, and such influence varied with gender and age. These findings may have significant public health implications for the prevention of IS.

11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 354-363, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945483

RESUMO

L-type lectins (LTLs) belong to the lectin family and are characterized by a conserved structural motif in their carbohydrate recognition domain. LTLs are homologous to leguminous lectins. In this study, we identified and functionally characterized an LTL from kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus. We designated this LTL as MjLTL2. MjLTL2 contains a signal peptide, a Lectin_leg domain, a coiled coil, and transmembrane domain. MjLTL2 is distributed in hemocytes, heart, hepatopancreas, gill, stomach, and intestine; higher expression levels are seen in hemocytes and the hepatopancreas than in other tissues. MjLTL2 was upregulated following challenge of shrimp with Vibrio anguillarum and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). MjLTL2 can agglutinate several bacteria without Ca2+. In addition, MjLTL2 could bind to several Gram-positive and -negative bacteria by binding to their lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan. However, MjLTL2 could not enhance the clearance of V. anguillarum in vivo. In the presence of WSSV infection, MjLTL2 knockdown by RNA interference resulted in a 7-day lower cumulative mortality of M. japonicus. Moreover, less VP19, VP24, VP26, and VP28 mRNAs were extracted from the hemocytes of MjLTL2 knockdown shrimp than from the control. These results suggest that MjLTL2 is involved in immune responses in shrimp.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952288

RESUMO

The dormancy of cellular apoptotic machinery has been highlighted as a crucial factor in therapeutic resistance, recurrence, and poor prognosis in patients with malignancy, such as malignant glioma. Increasing evidence indicates that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) confer chemopreventive effects, and indomethacin has been shown to have a novel chemotherapeutic application targeting glioma cells. To extend these findings, herein, we studied the underlying mechanisms of apoptosis activation caused by indomethacin in human H4 and U87 glioma cells. We found that the glioma cell-killing effects of indomethacin involved both death receptor- and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic cascades. Indomethacin-induced glioma cell apoptosis was accompanied by a series of biochemical changes, including reactive oxygen species generation, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (Ask1) activation, p38 hyperphosphorylation, protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation, Akt dephosphorylation, Mcl-1 and FLICE-inhibiting protein (FLIP) downregulation, Bax mitochondrial distribution, and caspases 3/caspase 8/caspase 9 activation. Data on pharmacological inhibition related to oxidative stress, ER stress, free Ca2+, and p38 revealed that the axis of oxidative stress/ER stress/Ask1/p38/PP2A/Akt comprised an apoptotic cascade leading to Mcl-1/FLIP downregulation and glioma apoptosis. Since indomethacin is an emerging choice in chemotherapy and its antineoplastic effects have been demonstrated in glioma tumor-bearing models, the findings further strengthen the argument for turning on the aforementioned axis in order to activate the apoptotic machinery of glioma cells.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 550, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953471

RESUMO

Motoneurons are the final output pathway for the brain's influence on behavior. Here we identify properties of hypoglossal motor output to the tongue musculature. Tongue motor control is critical to the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea, a common and serious sleep-related breathing disorder. Studies were performed on mice expressing a light sensitive cation channel exclusively on cholinergic neurons (ChAT-ChR2(H134R)-EYFP). Discrete photostimulations under isoflurane-induced anesthesia from an optical probe positioned above the medullary surface and hypoglossal motor nucleus elicited discrete increases in tongue motor output, with the magnitude of responses dependent on stimulation power (P < 0.001, n = 7) and frequency (P = 0.002, n = 8, with responses to 10 Hz stimulation greater than for 15-25 Hz, P < 0.022). Stimulations during REM sleep elicited significantly reduced responses at powers 3-20 mW compared to non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep and wakefulness (each P < 0.05, n = 7). Response thresholds were also greater in REM sleep (10 mW) compared to non-REM and waking (3 to 5 mW, P < 0.05), and the slopes of the regressions between input photostimulation powers and output motor responses were specifically reduced in REM sleep (P < 0.001). This study identifies that variations in photostimulation input produce tunable changes in hypoglossal motor output in-vivo and identifies REM sleep specific suppression of net motor excitability and responsivity.

14.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940166

RESUMO

Imagine the ideal cancer drug that only kills cancer cells and does not affect nearby noncancerous cells. In the words of Paul Ehrlich, the drug acts like a magic bullet. This Topical Review summarizes an emerging new strategy to achieve this audacious goal. The central concept is a dual-targeted phototherapeutic agent for photodynamic or photothermal therapy. The dual-targeted phototherapeutic agent promotes cancer cell specificity by leveraging three levels of selectivity. Cell death will only occur in the anatomical location that is illuminated with light (Selectivity Level 1) and in cancer cells within the illumination area that have selectively accumulated the agent (Selectivity Level 2). The cancer cell killing effect is highly localized if the agent accumulates in hypersensitive intracellular organelles (Selectivity Level 3). The common targeting units for cancer cells and organelles are described, along with recent examples of dual-targeted phototherapeutic agents that incorporate these two classes of targeting units.

15.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918772, 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Cerebral infarction is a cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. At present, many studies have reported the treatment of cerebral infarction by traditional Chinese medicine. Naringin, a flavonoid, is a major traditional Chinese medicine. However, the effect and mechanism of naringin on cerebral infarction is unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS In our study, we established a rat model of cerebral infarction through middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to study the influence of naringin on cerebral infarction in vivo. After treatment with naringin, brain water content was detected to assess brain edema. Cerebral infarction volume and neurological deficits were also measured. Production of the inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Besides, the effect of naringin on cerebral infarction was investigated in vitro by establishing an oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model in neuronal cells. Cell apoptosis and cell viability was determined using flow cytometry and MTT assay. RESULTS We found that naringin pretreatment significantly decreased the brain water content, cerebral infarction volume, and neurological deficit scores of MCAO subjected rats. And naringin treatment reduced apoptosis of nerve cells in rat hippocampus and the secretion of inflammatory factor such as TNF-alpha and IL-6. Besides, we found that naringin increased cell viability and inhibited apoptosis in OGD induced neuronal cells. Finally, we found that naringin promoted the expression of p-AKT protein in a concentration-dependent manner and activated the PI3K/AKT pathway in OGD induced neurons. CONCLUSIONS Naringin played a protective role in cerebral infarction via suppressing neuronal apoptosis and inflammation.

16.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965784

RESUMO

Abnormal physiological levels of sialic acid (SA) could be used to diagnosis cancer progression stages. In this work, we describe an enzyme-assist-interference-free strategy for Raman selective determination of SA in serum. First, we assemble gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) onto the indium tin oxide glass (ITO) to construct an ITO/Au two-dimension substrate. Through modification of 4-mercaptoboric acid (4-MPBA) onto the surface of ITO/Au, the SA response plate is prepared due to the reversible esterification bond. In this strategy, a sandwich structure is rationally designed as ITO/Au/4-MPBA/SA/4-MPBA/Au to enhance the Raman scattering. The Raman detection linear concentration of SA ranged from 2.5 × 10-7 to 1.5 × 10-6 M, and a limit of detection about 1.2 × 10-7 M could be achieved. Considering the presence of glucose (Glu) in physiological fluid, we introduce glucose oxidase to remove the interference from Glu and realize the accurate determination of SA. The proposed novel Raman rapid method provides an ultrasensitive and interference-free protocol for the early diagnosis of cancer.

17.
Hum Pathol ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926212

RESUMO

Immunotherapies targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand (PD-L1) axis have been emerging as a promising therapeutic strategy to treat lung cancer. PD-1 is preferentially expressed by activated T lymphocytes; but whether/how its expression by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in lung adenocarcinoma remains elusive. Herein, we investigate the frequency of PD-1 expression on TAMs in mouse allografts by flow cytometry analysis and evaluate the spatial distribution and clinicopathological significance of PD-1+ TAMs in 213 cases of human lung adenocarcinoma specimens by immunohistochemical staining. We find the expression of PD-1 by both mouse and human TAMs. Mouse PD-1+ TAMs possess unique transcriptional profile as compared to PD-1- TAMs. Furthermore, PD-1 is preferentially expressed by CD163+ TAMs in the tumor stroma than those in the tumor islets of lung adenocarcinoma. Stromal PD-1+ TAM infiltration is an independent predictor of reduced survival as determined by univariate (p < 0.001) and multivariate (p = 0.023) analysis. Moreover, patients with high stromal PD-1+ TAMs but low tumor cell PD-L1 expression have the shortest survival (p = 0.0001). Our study demonstrates that PD-1+ TAMs have unique gene expression characteristics and PD-1+ TAMs in the tumor stroma is a potential prognostic factor in lung adenocarcinoma, suggesting that a better understanding of PD-1+ TAMs will be beneficial for immunotherapy of lung adenocarcinoma patients.

18.
Gene ; 731: 144364, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935511

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein C2 (ApoC2) is an important member of the apolipoprotein C family and functions as a major activator of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, the lipolytic activity of the LPL-ApoC2 complex is critical for the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and contributes to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the regulation of ApoC2 in IS development remains unclear. In this study, we first explored potential ApoC2-targeting microRNAs (miRNAs) by bioinformatics tool and compared the miRNA expression profiles in the blood cells of 25 IS patients and 25 control subjects by miRNA microarray. miR-1275 was predicted to bind with the 3' untranslated region of ApoC2, and a significant reduction of blood miR-1275 levels was observed in IS patients. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and quantitative RT-PCR confirmed the regulation of ApoC2 by miR-1275 in THP-1 derived macrophages. miR-1275 also inhibited cellular uptake of ox-LDL and suppressed formation of macrophage foam cell. Furthermore, the whole blood miR-1275 levels were validated in 279 IS patients and 279 control subjects by TaqMan assay. miR-1275 levels were significantly lower in IS cases and logistic regression analysis showed that miR-1275 level was negatively associated with the occurrence of IS (adjusted OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.69-0.85; p < 0.001). Addition of miR-1275 to traditional risk factors showed an additive prediction value for IS. Our study shows that blood miR-1275 levels were negatively associated with the occurrence of IS, and miR-1275 might exert an athero-protective role against the development of IS by targeting ApoC2 and blocking the formation of macrophage foam cells.

19.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 146: 374-383, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794898

RESUMO

The plant-specific transcription factor TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1, CYCLOIDEA, and PROLIFERATING4 CELL FACTORS (TCP) plays a crucial role in plant growth and development. However, there have been no studies reporting on the function of strawberry TCP in regulating fruit development. In this study, FvTCP9, a woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) TCP gene, was isolated to explore its function in fruit ripening. The transcript accumulation levels of FvTCP9 were high in fruits, specifically in red fruits compared with other tissues or organs. Transient expression of the FvTCP9 gene in cultivated strawberry fruits revealed that over-expression of FvTCP9 promoted fruit ripening. Meanwhile, silencing FvTCP9, using tobacco rattle virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), inhibited fruit ripening. The changes in ripening-related physiological conditions in transient fruits, such as the accumulation of anthocyanins and abscisic acid (ABA), and fruit firmness confirmed above results. Results suggested that FvTCP9 was involved in the biosynthesis of ABA and anthocyanins to regulate fruit ripening. Transcription analysis showed that the expression levels of ABA signaling-related genes (FaNCED1, FaPYR1, FaSnRK2, and FaABI5) were affected by FvTCP9. A yeast two-hybrid assay revealed that FvTCP9 interacted physically with FaMYC1 to modulate the biosynthesis process of anthocyanins. Taken together, this study demonstrated that FvTCP9 promoted fruit ripening by regulating the biosynthesis of ABA and anthocyanins.

20.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 64(2)2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712202

RESUMO

We identified fosA3 at a rate of 2.6% in 310 Salmonella isolates from food animals in Guangdong province, China. The fosA3 gene was genetically linked to diverse antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), including mcr-1, bla CTX-M-14/55, oqxAB, and rmtB These gene combinations were embedded in heterogeneous fosA3-containing multidrug resistance regions on the transferable ST3-IncHI2 and F33:A-:B- plasmids and the chromosome. This indicated a great flexibility of fosA3 cotransmission with multiple important ARGs among Salmonella species.

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