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1.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav ; 242: 173773, 2024 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806116

RESUMO

Depression is a significant factor contributing to postoperative occurrences, and patients diagnosed with depression have a higher risk for postoperative complications. Studies on cardiovascular surgery extensively addresses this concern. Several studies report that people who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery have a 20% chance of developing postoperative depression. A retrospective analysis of medical records spanning 21 years, involving 817 patients, revealed that approximately 40% of individuals undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were at risk of perioperative depression. Patients endure prolonged suffering from illness because each attempt with standard antidepressants requires several weeks to be effective. In addition, multi-drug combination adjuvants or combination medication therapy may alleviate symptoms for some individuals, but they also increase the risk of side effects. Conventional antidepressants primarily modulate the monoamine system, whereas different therapies target the serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine systems. Esketamine is a fast-acting antidepressant with high efficacy. Esketamine is the S-enantiomer of ketamine, a derivative of phencyclidine developed in 1956. Esketamine exerts its effect by targeting the glutaminergic system the glutaminergic system. In this paper, we discuss the current depression treatment strategies with a focus on the pharmacology and mechanism of action of esketamine. In addition, studies reporting use of esketamine to treat perioperative depressive symptoms are reviwed, and the potential future applications of the drug are presented.

2.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(3): 530-536, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive rehabilitation approach combining Traditional Chinese Medicine Daoyin with lower limb robotics during the recovery phase of stroke patients. METHODS: Stroke patients meeting the specified criteria were randomly assigned to one of four groups using a random number table: Control group, Daoyin group, lower limb robot group (LLR group), and Daoyin and lower limb robot group (DLLR group). Each group received distinct treatments based on conventional rehabilitation training. The treatment duration spanned two weeks with two days of rest per week. Pre- and post-intervention assessments included various scales: Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Berg balance scale (BBS), Barthel index (BI), Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed in the lower limb function measured by FAM between the Control group (15 ± 5) and the DLLR group (18 ± 5) (P = 0.049). In the Barthel index, a statistically significant difference was noted between the Control group (54 ± 18) and the DLLR group (64 ± 11) (P = 0.041). Additionally, significant differences were found in the Berg balance scale between the Control group (21 ± 10) and the DLLR group (27 ± 8) (P = 0.024), as well as between the Control group (21 ± 10) and the LLR group (26 ± 10) (P = 0.048). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that the combined use of Daoyin and robotics not only enhances motor function in stroke patients but also has a positive impact on fatigue, sleep quality, and mood. This approach may offer a more effective rehabilitation strategy for stroke patients.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Extremidade Inferior , Robótica , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Robótica/instrumentação , Idoso , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto
3.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 513, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza and other respiratory tract infections are serious public health problems that need to be further addressed and investigated. Internet search data are recognized as a valuable source for forecasting influenza or other respiratory tract infection epidemics. However, the selection of internet search data and the application of forecasting methods are important for improving forecasting accuracy. The aim of the present study was to forecast influenza epidemics based on the long short-term memory neural network (LSTM) method, Baidu search index data, and the influenza-like-illness (ILI) rate. METHODS: The official weekly ILI% data for northern and southern mainland China were obtained from the Chinese Influenza Center from 2018 to 2021. Based on the Baidu Index, search indices related to influenza infection over the corresponding time period were obtained. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to explore the association between influenza-related search queries and the ILI% of southern and northern mainland China. The LSTM model was used to forecast the influenza epidemic within the same week and at lags of 1-4 weeks. The model performance was assessed by evaluation metrics, including the mean square error (MSE), root mean square error (RMSE) and mean absolute error (MAE). RESULTS: In total, 24 search queries in northern mainland China and 7 search queries in southern mainland China were found to be correlated and were used to construct the LSTM model, which included the same week and a lag of 1-4 weeks. The LSTM model showed that ILI% + mask with one lag week and ILI% + influenza name were good prediction modules, with reduced RMSE predictions of 16.75% and 4.20%, respectively, compared with the estimated ILI% for northern and southern mainland China. CONCLUSIONS: The results illuminate the feasibility of using an internet search index as a complementary data source for influenza forecasting and the efficiency of using the LSTM model to forecast influenza epidemics.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Influenza Humana , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Previsões
4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1009354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between clinical classification and genotype and prognosis among Chinese children with Very-long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD).@*METHODS@#A Chinese pedigree affected with VLCADD admitted at the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province in February 2019 was selected as the study subject. The characteristics of disease onset, diagnosis and treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Relevant literature was also systematically searched and reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a 1-year-old boy, had the clinical manifestations of frequently vomiting, hypoglycemia, abnormal liver function and myocardial enzymes. Tandem mass spectrometry screening showed significantly elevated C14, C14:1, C16:1, C16:2, C18 and C14/C8. Genetic testing revealed that he has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the ACADVL gene, namely c.664G>A (p.G222R) and c.1345G>A (p.E449K), which were respectively derived from his father and mother. The child was diagnosed with VLCADD cardiomyopathy type and deceased 2 weeks later. Literature review has identified 60 Chinese children with VLCADD. The clinical classifications were mainly cardiomyopathy type and liver disease type, which accounted for 73.3% (43/60). The combination of ACADVL gene variants were correlated with the clinical classifications of VLCAD. Children with one or two loss-of-function (LOF) mutations showed more severe clinical manifestation and a higher mortality. Cardiomyopathy type had the poorest prognosis, with a mortality rate of 76.9% (20/26). C14:1 may be used as an indicator for the diagnosis of VLCADD, but cannot be used for clinical subtyping and prognosis evaluation. The c.1349G>A (p.R450H) variant had the highest frequency among the Chinese patients, accounting for 10.8% (13/120).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical classifications of VLCADD are strongly correlated with the prognosis, and LOF mutations are more common in those with severe clinical manifestations. c.1349G>A (p.R450H) may be the most common variant among the Chinese patients, and early screening and diagnosis can greatly improve the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cardiomiopatias/genética , China , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/genética , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Linhagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Transplant Proc ; 55(7): 1588-1593, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37419733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between dietary intake and glycemic control has been extensively investigated in type 2 diabetes. However, little is known about this association in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). METHODS: We performed an observational study involving 263 adult KTRs with a functioning allograft for at least 1 year at the outpatient clinic of the Hospital from November 2020 to March 2021. Dietary intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire. Linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between fruit and vegetable intake and fasting plasma glucose. RESULTS: The vegetable and fruit intake were 238.24 g/d (102.38-416.67) and 511.94 g/d (321.19-849.05), respectively. The fasting plasma glucose was 5.15 ± 0.95 mmol/L. The linear regressions revealed that vegetable intake, but not fruit intake was inversely associated with fasting plasma glucose in KTRs (adjusted R2 = 0.203, P < .001). The clear dose-response relation was observed. Moreover, each 100 g increase in vegetable intake was associated with 11.6% reduction of fasting plasma glucose. CONCLUSIONS: Vegetable intake, but not fruit intake, is inversely associated with fasting plasma glucose in KTRs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Humanos , Verduras , Dieta , Glicemia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Jejum
6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964965

RESUMO

Tongxie Yaofang, also known as Baizhu Shaoyaosan, was first recorded in Danxi's Experiential Therapy (《丹溪心法》) by ZHU Danxi in the Yuan dynasty. It is composed of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and Saposhnikoviae Radix, and serves as the representative prescription for the treatment of painful diarrhea. It has the functions of tonifying the spleen, emolliating the liver, relieving pain, and checking diarrhea, and is mainly used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In addition, it is effective in treating gastrointestinal disorders with mental and psychological abnormalities, as well as obstinate anorexia in children, depression syndrome, and respiratory diseases. Experimental research and clinical practice have shown that Tongxie Yaofang has multi-component, multi-pathway, and multi-target characteristics in the treatment of diseases. The mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating diseases is mainly attributed to anti-inflammation, immune function regulation, intestinal hypersensitivity improvement, emotion regulation, etc. Monoterpene glycosides, flavonoids, chromones, lactones, and other components contained play an important therapeutic role. The research on the systems biology of Tongxie Yaofang, such as metabolomics, proteomics, and network pharmacology, provides a scientific basis for clarifying its mechanism of action and expanding its clinical application. However, there are still some problems to be solved, such as difficulty in combining diseases and syndromes and lack of in-depth systematic research. Through the retrieval and collation of relevant literature, this paper systematically reviewed the material basis, pharmacological effects, and systems biology research of Tongxie Yaofang, aiming to lay a foundation for in-depth research on its mechanism in treating diseases and rational application in clinical practice.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-995864

RESUMO

Objective:The present study delves into the realm of scientific unknowns, which serve as the primary representation of major scientific challenges and often give rise to subversive, non-consensus, and high-risk scientific problems. Addressing this pivotal aspect, we focus on the development of scientific unknown identification methods and tool platforms to provide essential data support for priority setting of basic research through a problem-oriented approach. Such efforts are imperative for managing the scientific and technological innovation system within the context of demands and problem-solving.Methods:While numerous knowledge bases have been established in the medical field, there remains a notable lack of focus on the unknown base. The paper synthesizes relevant literature and existing research, amalgamating the methodological paradigm of scientific big data research with text mining. This integration facilitates comprehensive interpretations and enlightening insights concerning the concept, identification methods, and construction of an unknown-base.Results:By systematically analyzing the concept of scientific unknowns, we present a recognition method based on cognitive state and logical rules. Furthermore, we discuss a classification framework and realization path for scientific unknowns from the dimensions of attribute, relationship, and disease, thereby providing foundational insights for the construction of a medical unknown database.Conclusions:Notably, the research on unknowns in medical science transcends disciplinary boundaries, encompassing the confluence of information science, data science, medical informatics, and science and technology management. As such, this paper seeks to expound upon the significance and application scenarios of unknown research in science, furnishing valuable ideas and references for scholars in the field.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-994259

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative sarcopenia and severe pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery in elderly patients.Methods:Elderly patients undergoing elective open heart surgery in our hospital were collected and divided into non-sarcopenia group and sarcopenia group, according to the diagnostic criteria updated and revised by the Asian Sarcopenia Working Group in 2019. The outcome measure was the development of severe postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). The general information of patients and various indexes of surgical conditions were recorded. Risk factors for severe PPCs were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The accuracy of sarcopenia score, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status classification, and combination of ASA Physical Status classification and sarcopenia score in predicting severe PPCs was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:A total of 158 patients were finally enrolled, including 36 patients with sarcopenia (22.7%), and the incidence of severe PPCs was 22.2%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ASA classification, sarcopenia, and duration of surgery were independent risk factors for severe PPCs after cardiac surgery in elderly patients ( P<0.05), and the risk of severe PPCs was approximately 3.21 times higher in sarcopenic patients than in non-sarcopenic patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of sarcopenia score, ASA Physical Status classification, and ASA Physical Status classification combined with sarcopenia score in predicting severe PPCs were 0.686 (95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.607-0.757), 0.603 (95% CI 0.522-0.680), and 0.714 (95% CI 0.637-0.783), respectively. Conclusions:Preoperative sarcopenia is an independent risk factor for severe PPCs after cardiac surgery in elderly patients, and the preoperative sarcopenia in combination with ASA Physical Status classification in predicting severe PPCs has a certain accuracy.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989746

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the law of TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment for type 2 diabetic kidney disease (T2DKD) stage Ⅳ based on literature research.Methods:Literature on type 2 diabetic kidney disease stage Ⅳ was retrieved from CNKI, WanFang data, VIP and SinoMed database. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to December 31, 2020. Data screening was conducted based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria prior to data entry in Microsoft Office Excel 365. Data mining and statistical analysis were performed by SPSS Statistics 23.0 and SPSS Modeler 18.1.Results:A total of 110 articles with 3 969 T2DKD stage Ⅳ cases, 111 prescriptions and 206 kinds of Chinese materia medica were included. Kidney and spleen were the main location of T2DKD stage Ⅳ. T2DKD stage Ⅳ based on TCM deficiency in nature syndrome was mainly based on qi and yin deficiency, and the most common excess in superficiality syndrome was blood stasis. The prescriptions commonly used included Liuwei Dihuang Decoction, Zhenwu Decoction, Buyang Huanwu Decoction, and Shenqi Dihuang Decoction etc. The classification of medication efficacy with the highest frequency was qi-tonifying herb, followed by blood-activating and stasis-resolving herb. Among them, Astragali Radix was the core Chinese materia medica in the prescription. The results of association rule obtained 54 association rules. Conclusions:The disease characteristics of T2DKD stage Ⅳ is simultaneous occurrence of deficiency and excess syndromes. The deficiency in nature is mainly characterized by deficiency of qi and yin, deficiency of spleen and kidney, deficiency of spleen-kidney yang, and excess in superficiality is mainly characterized by blood stasis, dampness and toxin. Tonifying qi and nourishing yin, activating blood circulation and dredging collaterals are the basic treatment methods, while strengthening spleen and kidney, dampness and detoxification should be emphasized. Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Corni Fructus, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Alismatis Rhizoma were the basic Chinese materia medica in this period, which reflects the idea of "treating qi, blood and water together".

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-928888

RESUMO

The chemical characterization analysis of a medical device often results in chemical substances with unknown toxicities. While identification of each individual toxicity could result in a time-consuming hurdle with tremendous labor and financial burden, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) is of great significance for toxicity risk assessment of such chemical substances. By establishing quantitative relationship between the molecular structures or active groups of similar chemical compounds with their biological activities, QSAR can be utilized to predict the toxicity of such target compounds with significantly reduced cost and time. In this article, the authors generally summarized the mechanisms of QSAR approaches, current applications of QSAR modeling in the field of medical device, an introduction of the characteristics of publicly and commercially-available QSAR software, and briefly explored future trends of QSAR modeling in medical device toxicological risk assessment. The utilization of QSAR would undoubtedly further advance the toxicological risk assessment of medical devices.


Assuntos
Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Medição de Risco , Software
11.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 554-562, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-953563

RESUMO

Objective: Taxifolin is a natural flavonoid compound that can be isolated from onions, grapes, oranges and grapefruit. It also acts as a medicine food homology with extraordinary antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. This study aims to explain the protective effects and potential mechanisms of taxifolin against inflammatory reaction. Methods: Levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were assessed in different time after the treatment of taxifolin in RAW264.7 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Subsequently, the mRNA and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and the phosphorylation expression levels of the MAPK signal pathway were also evaluated. A silico analysis was used to explain the binding situation for the investigation of taxifolin and MAPK signal pathway. And then MAPK inhibitors were used to reveal the expression level of iNOS, VEGF, COX-2 and TNF-α in RAW264.7 cells. Results: It was demonstrated that cell inflammatory damage induced by LPS was significantly alleviated after the treatment of taxifolin. Then, the mRNA and protein levels of iNOS, VEGF, COX-2 and TNF-α were reduced and the phosphorylation expression levels of the MAPK signal pathway were down-regulated remarkably as well. In silico analysis, taxifolin could form a relatively stable combination with MAPK signal pathway. MAPK inhibitors showed increasing or decreasing effect in the mRNA levels of iNOS, VEGF, COX-2 and TNF-α, which suggesting that taxifolin down-regulated iNOS, VEGF, COX-2 and TNF-α expressions were not entirely through the MAPK pathway. Conclusion: This finding demonstrated that taxifolin improved the inflammatory responses that partly involved in the phosphorylation expression level of MAPK signal pathway in RAW264.7 cells exposed to acute stress.

12.
Front Bioinform ; 1: 706835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303795

RESUMO

Background: The incidence and mortality rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are increasing worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need to elucidate the molecular drivers of HCC for potential early diagnosis and individualized treatment. Whether c-Myc expression plays a role in the clinicopathology and prognosis of patients with HCC remains controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to survey the prognostic role of c-Myc in HCC. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases for studies published through March 2020 that examined the association between c-Myc expression and clinicopathology or prognosis in HCC patients. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to investigate the prognostic significance of c-Myc expression. Odds ratios were calculated to evaluate the association between c-Myc expression and clinicopathologic features. We also tested for publication bias. Results: Our meta-analysis included nine studies with 981 patients with HCC published between 1999 and 2016. A meta-analysis of these studies demonstrated that high c-Myc expression indicated a poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 2.260, 95% CI: 1.660-3.080, and p < 0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.770, 95% CI: 1.430-2.450, and p < 0.001) in patients with HCC. However, high c-Myc expression was not associated with HBsAg, pathological type, TNM stage, or cirrhosis. We did not find any significant publication bias among the included studies, indicating that our estimates were robust and reliable. Conclusion: c-Myc overexpression could predict poor OS and DFS in HCC patients. c-Myc could be a useful prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-882693

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the value of vasoactive-inotropic Score (VIS) at different time points in predicting the 28-day mortality of patients with septic shock, so as to reduce the risk of death and improve the prognosis of patients.Methods:This experiment was a single-center retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of 275 adult patients with septic shock who were treated with vasoactive drugs in the intensive care unit of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February 2016 to February 2020 were collected. According to the 28-day survival condition, all recruited patients were divided into the death group and the survival group, and the maximum vasoactive-inotropic score of all patients at the first 24 h and the second 24 h were calculated, which were expressed as VIS max24 and VIS max48. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to find the independent risk factors that influencing the prognosis. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the predictive value of VIS. Results:There was no significant difference between the death group and the survival group in the characteristics including age, sex, weight, infection sites, blood culture results, cardiac arrest, hormone use, and 24 h rehydration volume ( P>0.05). APACHE II score, basic lactic acid, and lactic acid after 24 h of treatment were increased significantly in the death group ( P<0.05). VIS max24 could accurately predict the 28-day mortality (AUC=0.953, 95% CI: 0.924-0.982), which were more efficent compared to VIS max48 (AUC=0.919, 95% CI: 0.881-0.957), basic lactic acid (AUC=0.937, 95% CI: 0.900-0.966) and APACHEⅡ score (AUC=0.865, 95% CI: 0.818-0.913). Conclusion:VIS max24 can more accurate predict the 28-day mortality in patients with septic shock.

14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 331-345, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-880888

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has become a global disease with accelerating incidence worldwide in the 21st century while its accurate etiology remains unclear. In the past decade, gut microbiota dysbiosis has consistently been associated with IBD. Although many IBD-associated dysbiosis have not been proven to be a cause or an effect of IBD, it is often hypothesized that at least some of alteration in microbiome is protective or causative. In this article, we selectively reviewed the hypothesis supported by both association studies in human and pathogenesis studies in biological models. Specifically, we reviewed the potential protective bacterial pathways and species against IBD, as well as the potential causative bacterial pathways and species of IBD. We also reviewed the potential roles of some members of mycobiome and virome in IBD. Lastly, we covered the current status of therapeutic approaches targeting microbiome, which is a promising strategy to alleviate and cure this inflammatory disease.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2957-2972, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-922778

RESUMO

Immune checkpoints are the crucial regulators of immune system and play essential roles in maintaining self-tolerance, preventing autoimmune responses, and minimizing tissue damage by regulating the duration and intensity of the immune response. Furthermore, immune checkpoints are usually overexpressed in cancer cells or noninvasive cells in tumor tissues and are capable of suppressing the antitumor response. Based on substantial physiological analyses as well as preclinical and clinical studies, checkpoint molecules have been evaluated as potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of multiple types of cancers. In the last few years, extensive evidence has supported the immunoregulatory effects of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). The main advantage of TCMs and natural medicine is that they usually contain multiple active components, which can act on multiple targets at the same time, resulting in additive or synergistic effects. The strong immune regulation function of traditional Chinese medicine on immune checkpoints has also been of great interest. For example,

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-752875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have been induced into islet-like cell mass in vitro. However, little researches reported on the morphological changes of cells, the types of endocrine cells in the islet-like cell mass and their relationships. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological changes of cells in the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells into islet-like structure and to explore the composition and distribution of endocrine cells. METHODS: Passage 3 bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells growing well were cultured and expanded until the cell colonies occupies 80% of the bottom of the culture bottle, and the pancreatic tissue lysate was added for continuous induction. Dithizone staining was used to screen the islet-like cell mass directly differentiated from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. The types and distribution of endocrine cells were identified by Mallory staining. Expressions of insulin, C-peptide, glucagon and somatostatin protein were detected by immunofluorescence cytochemical staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Dithizone staining showed that the number of positive cells was increased over the induction time. (2) Mallory staining showed the red α-like cells were located in the periphery of the islet-like cell mass, the yellow β-like cells located in the center and periphery, and the light blue fibroblasts were distributed around the cell mass. (3) Immunofluorescence staining showed insulin, C-peptide, glucagon and somatostatin positive cells in the islet-like cell mass. To conclude, under certain microenvironment, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into islet-like structures which containing α, β, δ-like cells, and are surrounded by fibroblast-like cells.

17.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 746, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Life Microscope is a new wristband-based life recorder system that can identify various human movements. We aimed to compare physical activity data captured using the Life Microscope with data from a commonly used accelerometer. RESULTS: Twenty-nine participants (34.6 ± 12.5 years) wore both the Life Microscope and an Active Style Pro accelerometer for 7 days. Physical activity categories were calculated by converting daily accelerometer data output into time spent at sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity. Correlations between the physical activity category and step count data obtained from the two accelerometers were assessed using Pearson correlations, paired t-tests, intra-class coefficients, and the Bland-Altman method. Our results showed good reliability between the physical activity patterns and daily step counts obtained using both devices. Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement between data from both accelerometers. In conclusion, both accelerometers were comparable in their measurement of step counts and time spent in different physical activity intensities under free-living conditions, and either could be used for population studies.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/instrumentação , Acelerometria/normas , Exercício Físico , Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Monitorização Ambulatorial/normas , Acelerometria/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 230-233, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-708727

RESUMO

Objective To construct the rapid training program for auxiliary rescue personnel within the restricted area after major disasters,and to provide references for disaster rescue in China.Methods Based on literature review and group discussion,two rounds of consultation with experts using Delphi method were conducted to construct the rapid training program for post-disaster auxiliary rescue personnel.Results The authority coefficients of two rounds of consultations were 0.81 and 0.82,and the coordination coefficients ranged from 0.272 to 0.460.Conclusion Experts had consistent opinions on items of each level for the rapid training program for post-disaster auxiliary rescue personnel.Experts had high levels of enthusiasm and authority,and the rapid training program can meet training requirements for post-disaster auxiliary rescue personnel,and provide references for efficient rescue after major disasters in China.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-694967

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role and underlying mechanism of dexmedetomidine in protecting mouse neuroblastoma N2a cells against oxidative stress injury,and to discuss the effect of ERK signaling pathway.Methods Na2 cell oxidative stress injury model was established by H2O2 treatment.Cells were divided into 5 groups:control group (group C),H2O2group (group H), dexmedetomidine group (group D),H2O2+dexmedetomidine group (group HD),H2O2+dexme-detomidine+ERK inhibitor group (group HDP).Group H,group HD and group HDP were given 200 μmol/L H2O2with or without 100 ng/ml dexmedetomidine and 20 μmol/L ERK inhibitor PD98059,group D was treated with dexmedetomidine at the corresponding point,group C was treated with equal normal saline,After 1,4 hours of H2O2stimulation,cell survival,morphology changes,SOD production and ERK intracellular signaling pathway were compared between groups. Results Compared to group C,N2a cells in the group H demonstrated significantly ruduced cell sur-vival,much worse cell morphology and less SOD production (P<0.05).Compared to group H,N2a cells in group HD demonstrated significantly increased cell survival,much better preserved cell mor-phology,higher levels of SOD and enhanced ERK activation (P<0.05);Compared to group HD, cells in the group HDP had markedly decreased cell survival,worse cell morphology and lower SOD level (P<0.05).No significant changes were found in cell survival,morphology changes,SOD pro-duction and ERK intracellular signaling pathway between the groups C and D.Conclusion Dexme-detomidine protected mouse neuroblastoma N2a cells against oxidative stress injury by regulating ERK activation and SOD production.

20.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 373-376, 2017.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-513620

RESUMO

Objective To compare the clinical effect and safety evaluation of three different dose regimens for treating children with viral encephalitis.Methods Totally 126 cases treated in Xi'an Central Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015 were randomly divided into observation group 1 (ganciclovir combined with gangliosides,42 cases),observation group 2 (ganciclovir combined with gamma globulin,43 cases),and control group (39 cases).The clinical effect and levels of NSE,inflammatory cytokine were compared in the three groups.Results The total effective rate in observation group 1 was 95.24% and that of observation group 2 was 93.02%,which were significantly higher than that of control group (79.48%).The disappearance time of headache,fever,convulsions,clouding of consciousness,meningeal irritation sign,cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities,and length of stay in observation groups (both 1 and 2)were significantly shorter than those in control group (P < 0.05);After therapy,the levels of NSE in three groups were obviously decreased compared with those before therapy (P < 0.05),and those in observation group were significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05);the levels of inflammatory cytokine in all three groups were obviously decreased compared with those before therapy (P < 0.05),and that of observation group 1 had no statistical difference with the normal group,whereas that in control group was significantly higher than the normal group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Ganciclovir combined with gangliosides as well as ganciclovir combined with gamma globulin were both effective methods in treating children with viral encephalitis and could decrease levels of inflammatory cytokine.Ganciclovir combined with gangliosides could effectively repair nerve damage,which deserves clinical expansion.

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