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1.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are still limited data regarding transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) endocarditis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to investigate the predictor and long-term outcome of TAVI endocarditis. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing TAVI at the University of Bonn were prospectively enrolled in this study. Transcatheter heart valve (THV) endocarditis was defined according to Duke criteria. The primary outcome was all-cause death within a 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: 1448 successful TAVI patients were eligible for the study and 17 patients (1.2%) developed THV endocarditis during the follow-up period (median 294 days). A multivariable logistic regression analysis identified age (odds ratio [OR] 0.90; P = 0.001) and residual paravalvular leakage (PVL) ≥ 2 after TAVI (OR 5.15; P = 0.015) as the main predictors for the occurrence of TAVI endocarditis. Additional analyses revealed that younger patients were significantly associated with higher rates of diabetes (P = 0.001), hemodialysis (P < 0.001), prior cardiac surgery (P < 0.001), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (P < 0.001). A Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly worse prognosis in TAVI patients with endocarditis than in patients without (log-rank; P = 0.03) during the 5-year follow-up. A multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that TAVI endocarditis is an independent predictor of long-term mortality (hazard ratio 4.17; 95% CI 1.91-9.07; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified lower age and residual PVL ≥ 2 as predictors for THV endocarditis, which itself may be considered as an independent predictor of long-term mortality after TAVI.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) volumes and function are believed to improve following interventional reduction of mitral regurgitation (MR) with MitraClip. However, exact LA alterations after MitraClip in patients with functional MR and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) are unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of MitraClip on LA volumes and global function in patients with FMR and its importance for patients' prognosis. METHODS: All patients underwent three-dimensionally transthoracic echocardiography with an offline evaluation of LA geometry and strain analysis at baseline and follow-up (FU). FU examinations were planned for 6 and 12 months after MitraClip. RESULTS: We prospectively included 50 consecutive surgical high-risk (logistic EuroSCORE: 17.2 ± 13.9%) patients (77 ± 9 years, 22% female) with symptomatic moderate-to-severe to severe functional MR without atrial fibrillation. Echocardiographic evaluation showed that the E/E' ratio was significantly higher at FU (15.6 ± 7.3, 24.1 ± 13.2, p = .05) without relevant changes in systolic left ventricle (LV) function (p = .5). LA volumes (end-diastolic volume [LA-EDV] and end-systolic volume [LA-ESV]) (LA-EDV: 83.1 ± 39.5 ml, 115.1 ± 55.3 ml, p = .012; LA-ESV: 58.4 ± 33.4 ml, 80.1 ± 43.9 ml, p = .031), muscular mass (105.1 ± 49.3 g, 145.4 ± 70.6 g, p = .013), as well as LA stroke volume (24.6 ± 12.5 ml, 34.9 ± 19.1 ml, p = .016) significantly increased after the procedure. LA ejection fraction (LA-EF: 31.7 ± 12.8%, 31.1 ± 12.3%, p = .8) and atrial global strain (aGS: -10.8 ± 5.4%, -9.7 ± 4.45%, p = .4) showed no significant changes at FU. Despite no relevant changes during FU, the baseline aGS was found to be the strongest predictor for mortality and adverse interventional outcome. CONCLUSION: MitraClip increases atrial stroke volume, atrial volumes, and muscular mass in patients with FMR. We found that the baseline aGS the strongest predictor for mortality, rehospitalization, and higher residual MR at FU.

4.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 115(2): 18, 2020 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980946

RESUMO

Circulating sca1+/flk1+ cells are hypothesized to be endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in mice that contribute to atheroprotection by replacing dysfunctional endothelial cells. Decreased numbers of circulating sca1+/flk1+ cells correlate with increased atherosclerotic lesions and impaired reendothelialization upon electric injury of the common carotid artery. However, legitimate doubts remain about the identity of the putative EPCs and their contribution to endothelial restoration. Hence, our study aimed to establish a phenotype for sca1+/flk1+ cells to gain a better understanding of their role in atherosclerotic disease. In wild-type mice, sca1+/flk1+ cells were mobilized into the peripheral circulation by granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment and this movement correlated with improved endothelial regeneration upon carotid artery injury. Multicolor flow cytometry analysis revealed that sca1+/flk1+ cells predominantly co-expressed surface markers of conventional B cells (B2 cells). In RAG2-deficient mice and upon B2 cell depletion, sca1+/flk1+ cells were fully depleted. In the absence of monocytes, sca1+/flk1+ cell levels were unchanged. A PCR array focused on cell surface markers and next-generation sequencing (NGS) of purified sca1+/flk1+ cells confirmed their phenotype to be predominantly that of B cells. Finally, the depletion of B2 cells, including sca1+/flk1+ cells, in G-CSF-treated wild-type mice partly abolished the endothelial regenerating effect of G-CSF, indicating an atheroprotective role for sca1+/flk1+ B2 cells. In summary, we characterized sca1+/flk1+ cells as a subset of predominantly B2 cells, which are apparently involved in endothelial regeneration.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the true prevalence of CAD in AS patients, to detect changes of the hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions following TAVI, to explore to what extent FFR-positive CAD might influence outcome and finally to develop a management algorithm for this patient subset. METHODS: From May 2016 to March 2018, diagnostic coronary angiography was performed in 246 patients before TAVI. In the presence of coronary lesions with a diameter stenosis ≥ 50%, FFR was measured. In patients with positive FFR ≤ 0.80, a control angiography was performed 6-8 weeks after TAVI. RESULTS: The study cohort was 81.0 ± 6.1 years old, 48.4% of the patients were male. 53.3% had concomitant CAD. 35.9% of these patients underwent PCI before TAVI due to functionally significant left main CAD and/or severe stenosis ≥ 90%. 31 patients underwent FFR measurements in cumulative 38 coronary lesions. Prior to TAVI, a negative FFR could be detected in 18 lesions, whereas a positive FFR was found in entirely 20 lesions. A control angiography and FFR measurement was performed in cumulative 13 lesions. Comparing the FFR values, there was no significant difference (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.76 ± 0.08; p = 0.11). CONCLUSION: Concomitant CAD was diagnosed in 53.3% of TAVI patients. FFR did not significantly change after TAVI, confirming the validity of FFR to evaluate coronary lesions in this specific clinical setting. Given the low rates of cardiac adverse events, it might therefore be considered to treat coronary stenoses not involving left main and those with a diameter stenosis < 90% after TAVI.

6.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(11): e008154, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal plaque preparation of calcified coronary lesions is key to prevent stent failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the strategy success and safety of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) in calcified lesions of an all-comers cohort. METHODS: Patients with calcified coronary lesions were screened in 3 centers. Seventy-one patients were eligible for IVL. Patients were assigned to (group A) primary IVL therapy for patients with calcified de-novo lesions (n=39 lesions), (group B) secondary IVL therapy for patients with calcified lesions in which noncompliant balloon dilatation failed (n=22 lesions), and (group C) tertiary IVL therapy in patients with stent underexpansion after previous stenting (n=17 lesions). Primary end point was strategy success (stent expansion with <20% in-stent residual stenosis) and safety outcomes (procedural complications, in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event). RESULTS: Seventy-eight calcified lesions were treated using the Shockwave C2 balloon. Mean diameter stenosis of calcified lesions was 71.8±13.1% at baseline, decreased to 45.1±17.4% immediately after IVL, and to 17.5±15.2% after stenting. Mean minimal lumen diameter was 1.01±0.49 mm at baseline and increased to 1.90±0.61 after IVL, and to 2.88±0.56 mm after stenting. The primary end point of strategy success was reached in 84.6% (group A), 77.3% (group B), and 64.7% (group C). Device delivery and IVL treatment were possible in all lesions. Four type b dissections were observed without further sequelae. No patient suffered from in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event. Seven Shockwave balloons ruptured during treatment without any sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: IVL provides a valid strategy for lesion preparation in severely calcified coronary lesions with high success rate, low procedural complications, and low major adverse cardiovascular event rates.

7.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represents an important alternative to coronary bypass surgery for the treatment of patients with complex coronary artery disease and high perioperative risk. Protected percutaneous coronary intervention applies temporary percutaneous ventricular assist devices to mitigate potential hemodynamic compromise in high-risk patients. The Impella system is currently the most commonly used device for protected percutaneous coronary intervention and showed improved hemodynamic parameters in earlier trials. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective, observational multi-center registry conducted in ten hospitals in Germany. We included consecutive patients undergoing protected high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention with Impella support. The primary endpoint was defined as the occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event defined as all-cause mortality, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, or stroke during a postprocedural 180-day follow-up period. RESULTS: In total, 157 patients (80.3% male; mean age 71.8 ± 10.8 years) were included in the present study, and 180-day follow-up was complete for 149 patients (94.9%). At baseline, the patients had a median left ventricular ejection fraction of 39.0% (interquartile range, 25.0-50.0%). The median SYNergy between PCI with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery-Score I was 33.0 (interquartile range, 24.0-40.5) and the median EuroSCORE II was 7.2% (interquartile range, 3.2-17.1%). During postprocedural follow-up, 34 patients (22.8%) suffered a major adverse cardiac event. All-cause mortality was 18.1% (27 patients). Nine patients (6.0%) sustained a ST-elevation myocardial infarction, while 4 patients (2.7%) had a stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing protected high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention with Impella support showed an acceptable 180-day clinical outcome regarding major adverse cardiac event and mortality.

8.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(10): E298-E299, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567118

RESUMO

We present a patient with severe TR who underwent transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVR) using the MitraClip system, with the development of LR shunt through an iatrogenic ASD. Provisional occlusion of ASD after TTVR should be considered in patients with residual LR shunt and iatrogenic ASD.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 297: 36-42, 2019 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In TAVI patients, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common concomitant disease. Given the fact that calcified severe aortic stenosis (AS) limits the blood flow that reaches the periphery, it is conceivable that the treatment of AS may positively influence the peripheral perfusion. AIM: To evaluate whether, and if so, how the peripheral perfusion changes after TAVI in patients with PAD comparing with patients without PAD. METHODS: On the basis of objective vascular tests, peripheral perfusion in the lower extremities were studied in 108 TAVI patients with or without concomitant PAD. RESULTS: 108 consecutive patients with a median logistic EuroSCORE of 12.7 (IQR: 8.5 to 22.0) % underwent TAVI with an extensive pre- and post-procedural assessment of the peripheral perfusion. In patients without PAD, the time to peak flow (tPF) did not differ before (6.45 ±â€¯5.24 s) and after (6.45 ±â€¯5.91 s) TAVI (p = 1.000). In PAD patients, however, the tPF was significantly shortened following TAVI (9.51 ±â€¯9.45 s vs. 8.33 ±â€¯8.16 s, p < 0.001), thereby reflecting an improvement in peripheral blood flow. The resting arterial blood flow before and after TAVI showed the highest level at the beginning (0 s) and constantly decreased afterwards. No improvement in the peak flow was achieved. CONCLUSIONS: In PAD patients, TAVI led to improved peripheral blood flow as reflected by shortened time to peak flow measurements.

10.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532394

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to investigate the relevance of myocardial fibrosis, assessed by mid-wall fibrosis risk (MFR) score, with respect to left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2010 and March 2015, we enrolled 207 patients in whom baseline MFR, which includes age, sex, high-sensitive cardiac troponin-I, presence of strain pattern on electrocardiograph, and peak-aortic valve velocity, as well one-year follow-up echocardiography were available. LV reverse remodeling was defined as a >10 % reduction in LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi). A higher MFR score (≥52) was associated with increased LVEDVi and with decreased LV ejection fraction as well as higher baseline-NT-pro-BNP levels (p<0.05 for all). One year after the TAVR procedure, a higher MFR score was associated with a decreased probability of LV reverse remodeling (OR 0.33; 95% CI, 0.23-0.87; p=0.03), which was independent of baseline echocardiographic parameters and comorbidities. In contrast, there was no significant difference in five-year mortality between patients with lower and higher MFR score (57.9% vs. 60.5%, p=0.66). CONCLUSIONS: A higher MFR score is associated with reduced LV reverse remodeling at one-year follow-up, whereas the MFR score does not appear to interfere with long-term mortality after TAVR.

11.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): e008434, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) for modification of severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) was demonstrated in the Disrupt CAD I study (Disrupt Coronary Artery Disease). We next sought to confirm the safety and effectiveness of IVL for these lesions. METHODS: The Disrupt CAD II study was a prospective multicenter, single-arm post-approval study conducted at 15 hospitals in 9 countries. Patients with severe CAC with a clinical indication for revascularization underwent vessel preparation for stent implantation with IVL. The primary end point was in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization). An optical coherence tomography substudy was performed to evaluate the mechanism of action of IVL, quantifying CAC characteristics and calcium plaque fracture. Independent core laboratories adjudicated angiography and optical coherence tomography, and an independent clinical events committee adjudicated major adverse cardiac events. RESULTS: Between May 2018 and March 2019, 120 patients were enrolled. Severe CAC was present in 94.2% of lesions. Successful delivery and use of the IVL catheter was achieved in all patients. The post-IVL angiographic acute luminal gain was 0.83±0.47 mm, and residual stenosis was 32.7±10.4%, which further decreased to 7.8±7.1% after drug-eluting stent implantation. The primary end point occurred in 5.8% of patients, consisting of 7 non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions. There was no procedural abrupt closure, slow or no reflow, or perforations. In 47 patients with post-percutaneous coronary intervention optical coherence tomography, calcium fracture was identified in 78.7% of lesions with 3.4±2.6 fractures per lesion, measuring 5.5±5.0 mm in length. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severe CAC who require coronary revascularization, IVL was safely performed with high procedural success and minimal complications and resulted in substantial calcific plaque fracture in most lesions. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03328949.

12.
Cardiol J ; 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The MitraClip procedure was established as a therapeutic alternative to mitral valve surgery for symptomatic patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) at prohibitive surgical risk. In this study, the aim was to evaluate 5-year outcomes after MitraClip. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing the MitraClip system were prospectively included. All patients underwent clinical follow-up and transthoracic echocardiography. RESULTS: Two hundred sixty-five patients (age: 81.4 ± 8.1 years, 46.7% female, logistic EuroSCORE: 19.7 ± 16.7%) with symptomatic MR (60.5% secondary MR [sMR]). Although high procedural success of 91.3% was found, patients with primary MR (pMR) had a higher rate of procedural failure (sMR: 3.1%, pMR: 8.6%; p = 0.04). Five years after the MitraClip procedure, the majority of patients presented with reduced symptoms and improved functional capacity (functional NYHA class: p = 0.0001; 6 minutes walking test: p = 0.04). Sustained MR reduction (≤ grade 2) was found in 74% of patients, and right ventricular (RV) function was significantly increased (p = 0.03). Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) was significantly reduced during follow-up only in sMR patients (p = 0.05, p = 0.3). Despite a pronounced clinical and echocardiographical amelioration and low interventional failure, 5-year mortality was significantly higher in patients with sMR (p = 0.05). The baseline level of creatinine (HR: 0.695), sPAP (HR: 0.96) and mean mitral valve gradient (MVG) (HR: 0.82) were found to be independent predictors for poor functional outcome and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system showed low complication rates and sustained MR reduction with improved RV function and sPAP 5 years after the procedure was found in all patients, predominantly in patients with sMR. Despite pronounced functional amelioration with low procedure failure, sMR patients had higher 5-year mortality and worse outcomes. Baseline creatinine, MVG, and sPAP were found to be independent predictors of poor functional outcomes and 5-year mortality.

13.
Am Heart J ; 214: 60-68, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The DanGer Shock trial test the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) mechanical circulatory support with Impella CP transvalvular microaxial flow pump improves survival in patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) compared to conventional guideline-driven treatment. This paper describes the rationale and design of the randomized trial, in addition to the baseline characteristics of the population screened and enrolled so far. METHODS: The DanGer Shock study is a prospective, multicenter, open-label trial in patients with AMICS randomized 1:1 to Impella CP or current guideline-driven therapy with planned enrollment of 360 patients. Patients comatose after out of hospital cardiac arrest are excluded. Eligible patients are randomized immediately following shock diagnosis. Among patients randomized to receive Impella CP, the device is placed prior to angioplasty. The primary endpoint is all-cause mortality at 180 days. Baseline characteristics of patients screened and randomized in the DanGer Shock as of June 2018 are compared with 2 contemporary AMICS studies. RESULTS: As of end of June 2018, 314 patients were screened and 100 patients were randomized. Patients had median arterial lactate of 5.5 mmol/L (interquartile range 3.7-8.8 mmol/L), median systolic blood pressure of 76 mmHg (interquartile range 70-88 mmHg), and median LV ejection fraction of 20% (interquartile range 10%-30%). CONCLUSION: The DanGer Shock trial will be the first adequately powered randomized trial to address whether mechanical circulatory LV support with Impella CP can improve survival in AMICS. Baseline characteristics of the first 100 randomized patients indicate a population in profound cardiogenic shock.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 291: 96-104, 2019 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155332

RESUMO

For patients with myocardial infarct-related cardiogenic shock (CS), urgent percutaneous coronary intervention is the recommended treatment strategy to limit cardiac and systemic ischemia. However, a specific therapeutic intervention is often missing in non-ischemic CS cases. Though drug treatment with inotropes and/or vasopressors may be required to stabilize the patient initially, their ongoing use is associated with excess mortality. Coronary intervention in unstable patients often leads to further hemodynamic compromise either during or shortly after revascularization. Support devices like the intra-aortic balloon pump failed to improve clinical outcomes in infarct-related CS. Currently, more powerful and active hemodynamic support devices unloading the left ventricle such as transvalvular microaxial pumps are available and are being increasingly used. However, as for other devices large randomized trials are not yet available, and device use is based on registry data and expert consensus. In this article, a multidisciplinary group of experienced users of transvalvular microaxial pumps outlines the pathophysiological background on hemodynamic changes in CS, the available mechanical support devices, and current guideline recommendations. Furthermore, different hemodynamic situations in several case-based scenarios are used to illustrate candidate settings and to provide the theoretic and scientific rationale for left-ventricular unloading in these scenarios. Finally, organization of shock networks, monitoring, weaning, and typical complications and their prevention are discussed.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217544, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150455

RESUMO

AIMS: More than mild paravalvular aortic regurgitation (pAR) negatively impacts prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). "Newer generation" transcatheter heart valves (THVs) including Direct Flow Medical, Medtronic Evolut R, Boston Lotus, and Edwards SAPIEN 3 valve system promise to improve outcome by reducing the rate of TAVI-related issues such as pAR. Aim was to evaluate and compare the hemodynamic performance with AR index of "early" vs. "newer generation" THVs and its impact on outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 805 patients undergoing TAVI, the degree of pAR was assessed using imaging modalities (angiography, echocardiography) and hemodynamic measurements (aortic regurgitation index, ARI ratio). Severity of pAR and outcome were assessed according to the VARC-2 criteria. 805 patients underwent TAVI with use of the CoreValve (n = 400), SAPIEN XT (n = 48), Direct Flow Medical (n = 38), Evolut R (n = 114), Lotus (n = 104), or SAPIEN 3 (n = 101) prosthesis. TTE post TAVI revealed that a total of 7.3% of the patients showed moderate/severe pAR. The occurrence of greater than mild pAR occurred less frequently in patients treated with "newer generation" THVs (p<0.001): CoreValve (11.3%), SAPIEN XT (12.5%), Direct Flow Medical (5.3%), Evolut R (5.3%), Lotus (0.0%), and SAPIEN 3 (0.0%). The AR index was significantly higher (p<0.001) in patients receiving "newer generation" prostheses compared to those in whom "earlier generation" THVs were used. However, the ARI was only predictive of cumulative all-cause mortality at 1 and 3 years in "early generation", but not in "newer generation" THVs. In the overall cohort, 30-day and 1-year mortality was 4.8% and 20.1%, respectively. In patients treated with "newer generation" devices, the respective mortality rates remained substantially below those of patients treated with "earlier generation" THVs (30-day mortality: 2.5% vs. 6.7%, p< 0.001; 1-year mortality: 11.2% vs. 27.2%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: TAVI with use of "newer generation" THVs showed significantly reduced pAR and improved outcomes compared to "early generation" devices that could at least in part be explained by more favorable hemodynamics.

16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prognostic impact of heart failure (HF) duration in patients with advanced HF. METHODS: A total of 109 consecutive patients with advanced HF referred to the institutional heart transplant program between July 2014 and December 2017 were prospectively enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups according to the HF duration using a pre-specified cutoff (> 18 months, n = 38; ≤ 18 months, n = 71). The Cox proportional hazards model was generated to investigate the association between the HF duration and a 1-year composite endpoint (all-cause mortality, left ventricular assist device implantation, and hospitalization due to HF). RESULTS: Patients with a longer HF duration were older and had significantly lower blood pressure, and greater left ventricular volume compared with those with a shorter HF duration. The 1-year event-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients with a longer HF duration (49.1% vs. 80.0%, log-rank p < 0.001). After adjustment, a longer HF duration was independently associated with an increased risk for the composite endpoint (hazard ratio, 2.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-5.76; p = 0.04). Additionally, longer HF duration was independently associated with an increased wall motion score index and a decreased heart-to-mediastinum ratio of 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy (all associations, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A longer HF duration is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes as well as more severe myocardial damage among patients with advanced HF.

17.
TH Open ; 3(1): e2-e9, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249975

RESUMO

Objectives In patients with suspected venous thromboembolism (VTE), the D-dimer assay is commonly utilized as part of the workup. The assay is primarily used to determine whether to proceed with radiographic imaging. We compared D-dimer levels in patients suspected of having VTE. We hypothesized that higher D-dimer values predict a higher likelihood of subsequent VTE diagnosis. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of a multinational, prospective observational study of low- to intermediate-risk adult patients presenting to the emergency department with suspicion of VTE. Demographic and clinical data were collected in a structured manner. Advanced imaging including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography, and ventilation/perfusion scanning was obtained at the discretion of the treating physicians. Imaging was evaluated by board-certified radiologists in real time. D-dimer values' bins were evaluated using a logistic regression model. Results We evaluated 1,752 patients for suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT), with 191 (10.4%) DVT positive. We evaluated 1,834 patients for suspected pulmonary embolism (PE), with 108 (5.9%) PE positive. Higher D-dimer values in both groups were associated with higher likelihood of subsequent VTE diagnosis, with D-dimer values > 3,999 ng/mL in both groups having the highest incidence of VTE. More than 50% of those patients were VTE positive. Conclusions Increasing D-dimer values predict increased likelihood of being found VTE positive in this patient population. Among those in the highest D-dimer category, > 3,999 ng/mL, over half of patients were VTE positive. Further research could determine additional nuance in D-dimer as a tool to work up suspected VTE.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(1): 20-30, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056109

RESUMO

The use of left-ventricular (LV) hemodynamic support might facilitate high-risk percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with complex coronary artery disease. The impact on outcome is a matter of ongoing debate. We assessed the outcome of high-risk patients who underwent protected PCI in comparison to patients who underwent unprotected high-risk PCI. One hundred and thirty nine patients underwent nonemergent high-risk PCI; 24 (17%) patients underwent protected PCI. To address selection bias, we performed a propensity score matched subanalysis. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event during the first year. Patients with protected PCI had a higher logistic EuroSCORE (logES) (protected PCI: 19% vs unprotected PCI: 12%; p = 0.01), a higher SYNTAX score (45 vs 36, p = 0.07), and significantly more often reduced LV function (40% vs 55%; p < 0.001). In protected PCI patients, complete revascularization was more often achieved (87% vs 58%, p = 0.007) without the occurrence of death at 30 days of follow-up (0% vs 4%, p = 0.31). After propensity score matching, patients who underwent protected PCI had a similar 1-year major adverse cardiac event rate compared with patients who underwent unprotected PCI (21% vs 17%, p = 0.67), despite significantly higher procedural complexity for example, more often complex left main bifurcation lesions (71% vs 29%; p = 0.004). In conclusion, 1-year outcome of patients who underwent protected PCI was not different from that in patients with less complex procedures without hemodynamic support, despite more complex coronary anatomy, a higher comorbidity burden, and more often reduced LV function.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia
19.
J Cardiol ; 74(1): 1-12, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955999

RESUMO

Valvular heart diseases are one of the most frequent causes for heart failure. Degenerative diseases of the aortic and mitral valve as well as a dysfunctional tricuspid valve disease result in a worse clinical outcome if severe. Minimal-invasive, surgical and/or catheter-based structural heart disease (SHD) interventions have recently seen a dramatic increase. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis (AS) is a disruptive technology, and next generation devices and careful patient selection will minimize limitations of TAVI such as paravalvular leak, conductance disturbances, ischemic stroke, and vascular complications. The indication of TAVI continues to shift toward lower risk patients and patients with complex anatomy such as bicuspid AS or native pure aortic regurgitation. Successful clinical results in TAVI have generated considerable interest in further transcatheter technologies targeting mitral regurgitation (MR) and also toward tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The efficacy and safety of edge-to-edge with or without annuloplasty leaflet repair mimicking surgical repair will have to be confirmed by technical improvement, device development, and further emerging studies. Transcatheter mitral valve implantation might be an alternative strategy in patients with symptomatic severe MR and favorable anatomy. Possible interventional treatment approaches for TR have gained more attention. Improvement and development of SHD interventions have enabled more patients to receive minimally invasive heart valve interventions and these procedures have prolonged life and/or improved quality of life for many patients who were previously considered unsuitable for surgery. Continued technical and device improvements and accumulated evidence will expand its possibility and future of SHD interventions.

20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(6): 1116-1123, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773838

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with bicuspid valves represent a challenging anatomical subgroup for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This analysis evaluated the clinical outcomes of the fully repositionable and retrievable Lotus Valve System in patients with bicuspid aortic valves enrolled in the RESPOND post-market registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: The prospective, open-label RESPOND study enrolled 1,014 patients at 41 centers in Europe, New Zealand, and Latin America, 31 (3.1%) of whom had bicuspid aortic valves. The mean age in the bicuspid patient cohort was 76.4 years, 64.5% were male, and the baseline STS score was 6.0 ± 10.2. Procedural success was 100%, with no cases of malpositioning, valve migration, embolization, or valve-in-valve. Repositioning was attempted in 10 cases (32.3%). There was one death (3.2%) and one stroke (3.2%) at 30-day follow-up. Mean AV gradient was reduced from 48.7 ± 17.0 mmHg at baseline to 11.8 ± 5.1 mmHg at hospital discharge (P < 0.001); mean effective orifice area (EOA) was increased from 0.6 ± 0.2 cm2 to 1.7 ± 0.4 cm2 (P < 0.001). There were no cases of moderate or severe paravalvular leak (PVL) adjudicated by the core laboratory; four subjects (13.8%) had mild PVL, 5 (17.2%) had trace PVL. The rate of pacemaker (PM) implantation for PM-naïve patients was 22.2% (6/27). CONCLUSIONS: Data from the RESPOND registry demonstrate good clinical and echocardiographic outcomes up to 1 year postimplantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valves using the repositionable Lotus Valve.

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